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CAERSWS BOARD OF GUARDIANS. The ordinary meeting of this authority was held at the Board Room on Thursday, Mr. Richard Ben- nett presiding. There were also present Rev. T. 3. Hughes, Miss Lloyd. Messrs. John Lewis, Bettws, Cornelius Morgan, N. Bennett, D. Jerman, D. Higgs, R. Evans, T. E. Kinsev, Richard Astley' D. Lloyd, Thomas Mills, W. Aldersor, Evan Jones, M. Lloyd, Thomas Mills, W. Aldersor, Evan Jones, M. H. Davies, and Evan Powell, with Mr, R. Williams, clerk, and Mr, Cecil Taylor, assistant clerk.—A resoluiion was received from the Richmond Union requesting that provision should be made for the detention and care of persons who manifested symptoms of insanity when they had taken small quantities of intoxicating drink, and at frequent intervals. Another resolution was received from the South Stoneham Union requesting the Board to join in a petition to the Local Government Board with a view of making it clear as to what might be considered maintenance, and praying for an alteration in the statutes to enable justices to make an order upon relatives for maintenance out of the house of any poor, old, blind, lame, or other poor person not able to work for whose support they might be liable. No action was taken in re- spect of either. THE AMALGAMATION OF WORKHOUSES AND ITS RELATION TO THE TRAMP QUESTION. Mr. Morgan again brought forward the question of amalgamation, and said that a few people were not fully aware of the intention of the promoters of the above scheme, and he would try more fullv to explain its principles and advantages. Some of the Forden Guardians appeared to be "at sea" re- specting the question, they appeared to labour under the impression that such a step meant amal- gamation of the unions. Nothing of the kind had been thought of, some were of opinion that it would increase their rates. This could not be, as the management of one house would necessarily decrease the rates, as the cost of one house must be less than the cost of four, and which cost would be borne by four unions pro ratio. The Forden and Caersws Unions had 60 in- I mates each, Llanfyllin 55, and Machynlleth 30. Therefore Forden aud Newtown would have to Wiy twice as much as Machynlleth and Llanfyllin of the establishment charges. Opposition to the scheme was brought forward which could with justice be consigned to the waste paper basket as worthless, as by favouring officialism, it supported a black spot in the county. A few years ago there were located in the Caersws Union some 180 or 200 inmates; there were now 60; so much for time and common seise." A few years ago there were also in the same workhouse 70 or 80 children now there were about eight. They still had the same staff of officers to maintain these poor people. lie admitted that there were some difficulties in the way, but not one that would not vanish in the hands of a good unbiassed committee. Some people thought the the tramp question the most difficult to deal with. He asked whether they were to sup- port large and costly houses for their accommoda- tion. In his opinion, there was nothing more easilv dealt with than the tramps. He found that some guardians were charged with allowing too much out-relief—" perhaps correctly." Still, he had seldom or ever found guardians granting more out- relief than was sufficient to keep body and soul to- gether, not even enough to afford comforts or even necessaries in old age. Was it not more in accor- dance with humanity than by thrusting the working man or tradesman after a life of labour and priva- tion into the workhouse ? An opinion had been expressed by one gentleman that the question should be left to the people, and that their votes should decide the point. He had more faith in the wisdom of the ratepayers—rich and poor—than that they would unwisely and unnecessarily tax themselves in order to keep up an institution of red tapism, oiffcialism, and waste. The balance-sheets showed an expenditure in the four unions of nearly £5,000 per annum, divided as follows, C2,469 in maintenance and z62,480 in the cost of the establish- ment. i urther comment, be declared, was unneces- sary.Mr Lewis next addressed the meeting upon the tramp question and the reason why he should not be provided for. He said that the question could be solved and therefore they should direct their attention to attain it. If they did anything for the professional tramp under the present system or under the new scheme they would be encouraging idleness and wickedness. The Master said some time ago that it only cost a trifle to maintain tramps so many ozs. of bread, &c., but as a matter of fact it enst about 9d. to give the tramp 3d. worth of food. When they considered the large number of policemen, and other officials- paid to watch and attend to the tramps it would be quite clear that they were more costly than they appeared to be. The present arrangement was wrong in principle and should not be continued any longer, No other country in Europe provided such facilities for idle- ness and in the American Republic no such thing existed. The very provisions themselves were a gross injustice to the general community, degrad- ing to human nature, and an incentive to idleness, vice. and crime. It was his opinion that this applied to the whole Poor-law system. He did not know the answer given to Captain Myttou's query, How the amalgamation of union houses will practically settle the question ?" The question was very easily answered. The present system en- couraged trampism provision was made here and there at suitable distances just as if it was done to suit their convenience. Thus they were holding out inducements for their continuance let the cause be removed and the effects ceased. It was a shame that so many able-bodied young men should be tramping the roads and streets depending upon the workhouses as their homes and upon the industry of others for a livelihood, when they should be self- supporting and doing their share towards support- ing others. If they threw the tramp on his own resources they would soon be able to approach the amalgamation of unions. Unions would then be removed, at least they would not be so conveniently situated which would be a great means towards the consummation of tramp annihilation.—The matter was adjourned for a month. STATISTICS. The following money was dispersed in out-relief during the fortnight :Newtown district, X61 2s, to 250 persons Llanidloes, X86 5s 9d, to 313; and Llanwnog, X39 5s, to 153. Number of inmates in the House, 66. Tramps relieved 62, against 60 for the corresponding fortnight last year.




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