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FOOTBALL. I BY VETERAN. The Shrewsbury men though ousted by Oswestry for the Welsh Cup, have still a good chance for three—the Shropshire, Mayors, and the Amateur. On Saturday they met a very formidable team in St. Stephen's London, and after a spirited game emerged from the contest successfully by four goals to none. This score does not quite represent the play, though undoubtedly on the day's play the better team won, and a victory of 4 to 2 would be about the mark. The Londo team contained two or three famous Scotchmen, who performed admirably, but on the whole the Cockneys were not up to the standard of the "Clodhoppers" as some of the London sporting papers termed the Chirk and Shrewsbury players. How these clever men arrived at this term it is impossible to say, as there is not one of these useful agriculturalists in either team. The game was well patronised, and with the extra charge which the public have to pay to see amateurs play, the exchequer of Shrewsbury will be replenished. Right from the beginning the pace was a hot one. St. Stephens, in the tirst minute were very danger- ous and ought to have scored. The ball was cleverly worked up to the Salop goal, and the centre-forward put in a stiff one which Rufus was only just able to push away at the tirst attempt. Before he could get on to the ball the inside right pounced on it while the partisans of the home team held their breath and sent in a lightning shot which the invincible Rufus" met with his left fist and turned on one side. The foreigners deserved a goal, and if they had obtained it thus early the result might have been different. The home team from this time played up man- fully, and attacked the opposite fortress with great vigour. As at Oswestry, in the Charity match, they were about half-an-hour before they found the mark, than in less than four minutes the hat trick" was done. The-first goal was from a grand pass by Williams which fell at Hobin's feet. This player however muffed it, but R. Jones was up and did the needful. From the kick-off C. Bowdler raced down and landed a nice one across the mouth of goal, and Hobin rushed it through. The third was the result of about the best bit of individual play I have seen this season. E. Bowdler got the ball in the centre of the ground, and dodging all oponents finished up a magnificent run with a splendid goal which sent the spectators wild with delight. Even play took place in the second half, but Hobin managed to beat the goalkeeper once. The Shrewsbury men all round were very brilliant, but the special feature of the game was the really marvellous goalkeeping of "Rufus." Ordinary shots were easily dealt with, and the difficult ones were turned aside in the same comfortable style. Rufus had about eight scorchers to negotiate, but he was a match for all. Any ordinary goalkeeper could have been well excused if half of these had been netted. Shrewsbury now have to go to Bishop Auckland, to-day, and if the long journey and the consequent fag and excitement are not too much for them then, I shall confidently look forward to another good win, which they well deserve for their pluck in going such a distance. The clever and strong Morda, team added still another victory to their already long league list. On Saturday they met foemen worthy of their steel in the Whittington boys. The Champions had to put in all they knew from start to finish, but two lucky free kicks near goal were cleverly con- verted. A grand game in the Shropshire League between Ironbridge and Wellington, on the ground of the former, ended in a draw of 2 goals each. Welling- ton are still in the running for the Championship, but the Men of Iron are quite out of it. If they win all their coming matches, five in number, they will only total 19 points. The other League match was at Newtown, where the home team vanquished Oswestry United by 6 to 2. The game in the first-half was very even, but with the slope and wind in their favour in the second-half, Newtown had nearly all the play, and won quite easily as stated above. Owing to the International match neither team was fully represented. Newtown hive five more matches to play, and with 20 points in hand they ought to do the trick again. Wrockwardine Wood administered a heavy drubbing to Shrewsbury Reserve, in the Welsh Junior Cup, defeating them by 8 to 1. The Cup now seems a certainty for the winners of this game. They have simply romped home in every tie so far. The team to get off the lightest against them was Caersws. This ought to encour- age the Welsh team to practice hard for next year. A few visits to Newtown to watch the good and clever play of that team would also be of great benefit. The International Match showed Wales up most creditably in every respect. In addition to a splen- did victory there was a good attendance, the receipts (£147) being a record for Wales. In the first-half the Irishmen had the advantage of a strong wind and bright sun behind them, and made the pace a hot one. The Welshmen did not show up very prominently in the first part of the game, and as the half-backs could not properly feed their forwards a vast amount of work was thrown on Taylor, Arrige and Trainor, whose defence is des- cribed in all the papers as being excellent. On one occasion only was Trainer beaten, even under these circumstances. In the second-half the Wrelshmen played up magnificently, the play of the half- backs being especially brilliant. They fed the for- wards splendidly and what they could not do Taylor and Arridge had no trouble in doing. Our local players showed up very prominently. New- town had the distinguished honour of playing two men. Chapman at centre-half was acknowledged by all as the best half on the ground, and he can- not be omitted from the list in the English match. Taylor was in his best form at back, and further praise is unnecessary. In the first-half he had an enormous amount of work to to, and he had to meet an exceedingly clever youngster in Barrow, the Irish left wing, who was a continual trouble to him. Jack Evans was about the hardest worker on the field, and if he occasionally missed a few good chances near goal he made up for it by good all round work. Some of his centres too were of the old sort. Rea, Aberystwyth, was very speedy and tricky. In the first-half he scarcely passed enought to his partners, but in the second-half he was as near perfection in every way as possible, and the goal he got was a real beauty. James of Chirk, was a perfect forward and he fed Rea splendidly. The two Lewises were also in fine form. The spectators were delighted with the success of their countrymen, and the Rugby men must now look out or the Soekers" will lead the way. Association Football will now make rapid strides in South Wales. Most of the reports of the match in the South Wales papers are very poor indeed. They were evidently written by Rugby press men. The best report I have seen is in the Atheletic News, a copy of which is here given :—Wales were the better team all round. But for very hard luck they should have scored twice in the first half, when they had to face a strong wind. The Welsh forwards, once they settled down, played a beautiful game. Their halves fed them badly up to the interval, but afterwards there was a great improvement. Taylor and Arridge at back made good substitutes for Parry and D. Jones. Their kicking in the first half was very powerful, and in the second half they kept the Irish front rank well in hand. Arridge was the better of the two. Chapman did the best of the halves, Jones coming next. W. Lewis and the two outside man, Rea and Evans, were shining stars of the Welsh attack. Lewis displayed wonderful resource, and Rea made some brilliant runs. Evans was the hardest worker on the field, and was continually back assisting Hayes, who had more than he could attend to in the Irish left pair. Trainor in goal should not be forgotten. He had a good bit of work to do, but except for Stanfield's goal, which he had no chance of stopping, he kept his charge intact. Coming to the losers Gordon was not an overwhelming success in goal, and Torrans did not come up to expectations. Stewart had the mis- fortune to have M'Keown, who did nothing during the game, in front of him, but nevertheless he got through the double work with credit. Milne was the better of the halves, Burnett coming next. Stanfield played a great game in the centre, and no fault could be found with the Cliftonville young- sters, Barron and Gibson on the left. Barron was the more prominent of the pair, but both did very well. To-day the Welsh semi-final takes place at Wrexham between Chirk and Oswestry. Both teams are in fine form, Chirk especially, as the result of their matches for the Amateur Cup show. Their cleverness is unquestionable, and it remains to be seen if this will be a match for the dash and strength of Oswestry. The English Cup ties on Saturday were the centres of attraction and the gates were enormous, Something like 70,000 spectators witnessed the contests. The match of course was at Sheffield where the Yillans met Sheffield Wednesday. The home team are noted fighters on their own ground, but not- withstanding this nearly all the football world ex- pected the victory of the Yilla team, as they have this season proved themselves to be the finest team in England. Many good judges even go so far as to say that they are the best team we ever had, and are much superior to Preston North End in their palmiest days. However, they have fallen to rise no more this year in the English Cup ties. Their defeat is attributed to the great amount of work the men have gone through in the last fort- night, but there are other factors to be considered the principal one being their own sad want of dis- cretion when they had the game safe in their hands. With the whole of the men thoroughly done up they ought to have strengthened their defence in the last ten miuutes or so, and have eased them- selves in this way. This is just what the Wednes- day team did after putting on their goal in the extra half-hour, and every sensible person will say that they did quite right. The winners were miles behind the Villans in style and finish, but they ex- ceeded them in strength and dash, and as I have often said this nearly always pays best in an ex- citing game. Blackburn Rovers had no trouble with Derby, and the same may be said of the Bolton Wanderers with Liverpool. For the winners in the last named match, D. Jones, of Chirk, did wonders at back. The two Nottingham teams have yet to fight it out. Supposing, which is very probable, that Notts County gain the day, then we shall have two of the lowest clubs in the League and one in the Second League taking part in the semi-final, while their supposed betters have bitten the dust. FIRST CLASS LEAGUE TEAMS. Up to and including Saturday last. Played Won Lost Drawn Points Aston Villa 25 16 4 5 37 Blackburn Rovers .23 14 7 2 30 Burnley 2,3 13 7 3 29 Sunderland 23 13 7 4 28 Wolverhampton Wan.25 13 10 2 28 West Brom. Albion .26 12 10 4 28 Derby County 22 11 8 3 25 Notts Forest 22 11 8 3 25 Everton 25 11 11 3 25 Sheffield United 26 10 11 5 25 Stoke 24 10 11 3 23 Sheffield Wednesday 27 7 12 8 22 Bolton Wanderers 23 8 13 2 18 Darwen 25 6 14 5 17 Preston North End .25 6 16 3 15 Xewton Heath .20 4 15 1 9 SHROPSHIRE AND DISTRICT LEAGUE. Goals Played Won Lost Dr'n F'r Agst Pts Newtown .13.10. 3. 0.55.20.20 St. George's 11. 8. 2. 18.104.22.168 Shrewsbury 11. 7. 3. 22.214.171.124 Whitchurch .12. 5. 5. 126.96.36.199 Wellington 11. 5. 5. 188.8.131.52 Newport 14. 4. 8. 184.108.40.206 Oswestry United 13. 4. 8. 1.25.48. 9 Ironbridge 13. 4. 8. 1.22.41. 9 Market Drayton .10. 4. 6. 0.21.35. 8 Hereford 12. 4. 8. 0.28.29. 8 VILLAGE LEAGUE. Goals. Played Won Lost Dr'n F'r Agst Pts Morda 14.12. 0. 220.127.116.11 Porthywaen 14 7. 4. 3.42.30. 17 Pant 13 6 5 3.40 48 15 Lodge 13 6. 4. 2. 50.21 14 Whittington .13. 6. 6. 18.104.22.168 Criftins 11 4. 4. 22.214.171.124 Gobowen 14 3. 9. 2.22.54. 8 UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES v ABERYSTWYTH EXCELSIORS. These teams met for the third time this season on Saturday on the Barracks Ground, Aberystwyth, in the presence of a. large numb"r of spectators. The first match between them resulted in a draw, and the second in a win for the Excelsiors. The encounters have invariably been of an uninteresting and monotonous description, combined with wretched shooting, and last Saturday's contest was no exception to the rule. The display by the Collegians was shocking in the extreme. When hard pressed the Excelsiors packed their goal to perfection and thus staved off disaster, but they unluckily had to retire vanquished, the score at the call of time being:- U. C. W 2 goals. Excelsiors 1 goal. H. Smith, T. Hughes and Bob Jones, played extremely well for the Excelsiors; and Cadvan kept his charge in good form. Ellis and Kinsey were theJcontributors to the College score; while W. Michael was the executant for the Excelsiors. w. c. w. Goal, D. T. Cadvan Jones backs, F. E. Seedhouse and R. J. E. Bryant (capt) halfbacks, E. W. B. Jones, R. M. Kinsey and J. H. Bunford; right wing, D. M. Jones and J. Lloyd Roberts; left wing, J- R. Blackhurst and J. H. Keall; centre, Dewi Ellis. EXCELSIORS. Goal, D. Thomas; backs, W. S. Dougall and Robert Jones; halfbacks, H. Smith, Thomas Hughes and Robert Ellis (capt) right wing, Llew. Owen and Jack Davies; left wing, R. D. Evans and W. Michael; centre, D. J. Jones. Linesman-Mr. J. Garner. Referee—Mr. J. A. Stuart. FOOTBALL FIXTURES. March 3-Oswestry United v Wellington, at Os- westry. March 3—Aberystwyth Reserve v United Schools, at Aberystwyth. March 10—Aberystwyth v Towyn, at Towyn. March 10—Aberystwyth Reserve v Excelsiors Reserve, on Excelsiors ground. March 10—Oswestry United v Whitchurch, at Whitchurch. March 17—Newtown v Wellington, at Newtown. March 17-Aberystwyth Reserve v U.C.W. Reserve, on College ground. March 23-0swestry Old Boys v Aberystwyth, at Aberystwyth. March 24—Newtown v Market Drayton, at Market Drayton. March 24—R.W.W. (Newtown) v Aberystwyth, at Aberystwyth. March 26—Aberystwyth v Welshpool, at Aber- ystwyth. March 26—R.W.W. (Newtown) v Excelsiors, at Aberystwyth. March 27—Aberystwyth v London Welsh, at Aber- ystwyth. March 31-Aberystwyth Reserve v Ardwyn School, on Town ground. March 31—Newtown v Shrewsbury Town, at Shrewsbury. March 31—Oswestry United v Wellington St. George's, at Oswestry. April 14—Aberystwyth Reserve v Towyn Reserve, at Aberystwyth. April 21-Aberystwyth v Excelsiors, on Excelsiors ground. April 21—Newtown v Whitchurch, at Newtown. April 21-Aberystwyth Reserve v Ardwyn School, on School ground. April 28—Aberystwyth Reserve v United Schools, at Aberystwyth. April 28-Oswestry United v Aberystwyth, at Aberystwyth. THE TOWYN ROVERS CHALLENGE CUP. PRESENTED BY MR. ROBINSON, TOWYN. 8TSCOND ROUND. February 3—E. Winner of B v winner of D. February 17-F. Winner of A v winner of C. FINAL. Winner of E v winner of F INTERNATIONAL MATCHES. March 12 Wales v England, in Wales March 24.Wales v Scotland, in Scotland WELSH SENIOR CUP. March 3 Semi-Final March 26 Final WELSH JUNIOR CUP. March 10 Semi-Finals April 14 Final Tie
SALTER AND ROWLANDS, WELSHPOOL, FOR EVERY DISCRIPTION OF PRINTING. ESTIMATES ON APPLIÇATION
HUNTING APPOINTMENTS. THE SEVERN VALLEY HARRIERS. Date. Meet. Tuesday, March 6 Hem Bank Friday, March 2 Revel Bridge (The finish of the season.) Each day at 11 o'clock, S. D. PRICE-DAVIES, Master.
THE PLAS MACHYNLLETH HARRIERS. Date. Meet. Tuesday, March 6 Pantglas Friday, March 9 Dolgelynin Each day at 10.
SIR W. W. WYNN'S HOUNDS MEET ON Saturday, March 3 Ightfield at 10 45 Monday, March 5 Duckington at 11 30 Tuesday, March 6 .Baschurch at 10 30 Thursday, March 8 Trotting Mare at 11 30 Saturday, March 10 Bettistield at 11 30 Monday, March 12 Bangor at 11 30 Tuesday, March 13 Halston at 11 30 Friday, March 16 Flannog at 11 30 Saturday, March 17 New St. Lane at 11
THE TANAT SIDE HARRIERS WILL MEET Tuesday, Feb. 27 Selattyn Friday, March 2 Four Crosses Each day at 11 o'clock, -I
THE OLD RELIABLE FIRM. L. MOORE AND Co., (Late of Exeter), FLUSHING, HOLLAND, (Postage, 2 £ d.) Established 19 Years. Lincoln Handicap. Grand National. Derby, &c. Double and Treble Events. Moore's Turf Chronicle, Published Daily, For- warded Post Free. No Representatives. Note change of Address: FLUSHING, HOLLAND.
CYCLING NOTES. [BY DIRECT SPOKE."] Anyitms of interest to Cyclists should be addressed to Direct Spoke c/o Editor, Office of this paper. Everybody knows that lamps must be lighted and continued alight in that somewhat indefinite period characterised as one hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise." This is all very well and would seem not be very difficult of discern- ment, but in this, one does not reckon with the average intelligence possessed by the average bobby," who is too often inclined to assume the hour and minute of sunset on any particular even- ing, resulting in a sometimes long and wearisome altercation with a wandering wheeler. It is all very well for cyclists to be supplied with the lamp- lighting tables such as are issued by Messrs. J. K. Starley and Co., but that is not sufficient. The police ought to be equally well supplied, and more- over they should be cautioned against the over officiousness of stopping a cyclist who is within the law. The Pall Mall Gazette says that a merchant in the steel and hard goods trade, one Kemison, of Hartford, Connecticut, recently died, having during his lifetime made a considerable fortune. In his will a clause was inserted to the following effect:— That a sum of P,210 shall be presented annually to the Connecticut family which shall muster the largest number of male children in good health able to ride safety bicycles." The testator adds that he thoroughly believed in cycle riding as a health promoting agent, and he believed he would render his country a service in thus encouraging a branch of sport which would add to the health and enjoy- ment of a portion of its inhabitants. British cyclists no doubt wish that some such gift existed in this country. According to the superintendent of streets, the paved streets of Chicago, will now have a. length of about 1,016J miles. Of this, nearly 659 miles are paved with cedar, nearly 3111 miles are macadam roads, 25"3 miles have stone block pavements, nearly 20 miles have asphalt, and one mile is supplied with a vitrified brick suiface. A slight variety The other day two lady cyclists of Paris invited several friends to a dance, the conditions being that all should come in cycling garb on their machines. As the night drew on several cabbies," attracted by the lights and the music, drew up outside the house, and confidently awaited fares. Their state of mind and mode of expressing it when they saw guest after guest issue with cycles and depart awheel is better imagined than described-at least in the English tongue. Has courtesy and brotherly affection among cyclists declined ? This is the question which some of the wheel papers of to-day are raising. Cer- tainly there is not so much saluting and stopping to chat when one wheelman meets another on the road, as there used to be in the days of old, but cyclists of to-day are every whit as ready to lend a helping hand to fellow-wheelmen in distress and are as instinct with the true spirit of sport as ever were their progenitors of yore. A freemasonry of the wheel some twenty years ago was almost a necessity when a cyclist was somewhat of an Ishmael, for although his hand could not be said to be against anybody, yet a great many people's hands were undoubtedly against him. But now everything is changed. Cycling is no longer the appanage of one age, of one class, or even of one sex Young men and maidens, octogenarians and school- boys, costermongers and earls, with blood the bluest of the blue, the under-grad and the haughty don, the city clerk and his guv'nor," all bestride the wheel. I am of opinion that the kindly senti- ment, the brotherly regard, the good fellowship of the wheel still pulsate as warmly as ever in the hearts of honest wheelmen. It is only the out- ward manifestation which has disappeared, and which the march of time has rendered superfluous. The bicycle after all does not appear to be of modern invention. That the Pharaohs possessed some idea of the velocipede is evinced by the fact that on some obelisks lately unearthed are engraven Egyptian figures mounted on two wheels. Verily there is nothing new under the sun. An amusing story comes from Arlesey, a large village some six miles from Biggleswade in Bed- fordshire. An apprentice of the iron foundry there is the possessor of a pneumatic-tyred machine. A few days ago one of his tyres developed a wart, and he on perceiving it, at once took out his pocket knife, and commenced paring it off. The result is left to imagination. # # To cyclists ordering pneumatic-tyred safeties (and who would have any other tyres ?), I can strongly recommend the R. F. Hall rubber brake. I used one on my own machine last season with perfect satisfaction. The Dunlop people recom. mend these brakes.
The following gentlemen have been added to the Flint borough magistracy :—Major Charles Dyson 2nd Volunterr Battalion R.W.F.; Mr. Charles N. Hull, Oakenholt; Alderman Joseph Hall, C.C., Castle-villa; Councillor E. J. Hughes, Halkin. street; and His Honour Sir Horatio Lloyd, County Court judge of the district.
THE CAMBRIAN RAILWAY HALF- YEARLY MEETING. SUGGESTED TRANSIER OF THE UNDERTAKING. The half-yearly meeting of the shareholders in this Company was held on "Wednesday at the Euston Hotel, Lonion. The chairman of the directors (Mr. J.F. Btckley), of Greenfield, Oldham, presided.—The Chaiiman, in moving the adoption of the report and statement of accounts, said In a period of exceptional agricultural and com- mercial depression, intensified by the colliers' strike, the proprietors will,' I have little doubt, consider the report that is before them to.day one that we may congratulate ourselves upon and it is with very great plesksure the directors have been able to announce the payment of full interest at 4 per cent. on the D debenture stock for the year 1893, compared witho per eent. for the year 1892, and 2 per. cent. in 1391. I will not deal at any length with the serious effects which the strike has necessarily had on yøur merchandise and mineral traffic beyond stating that we lost 18,000 tons of coal for household atd trade consumption. More- over, the strike prejudicially affected many other important branches cf your merchandise. We lost 7,930 tous of lime and limestone and 1,450 tons of round timber. The latter traffic realises consider- able revenue to the Company. The greater part of it is for mining purp«ses, and the cessation of work at the colleries at once reduced the demand for this class of timber. There is no cloud without a silver lining, and fortunately we were able to secure an increased share of the South Wales coal for the North, for wjich there was necessarily a large demand during the continuance of the strike. The increase in this through coal traffic was 7,140 tons. We have also been assisted by an additional 2,040 tons of merchatdise traffic in connection with the Birmingham Corporation waterworks under- taking at Rhayader. I may tell you that we are looking forward to » very large tonnage in this direction. A junction has already been made close to Rhayader station to facilitate the exchange of traffic with the Birmingham Corporation Rail- way—a short line about five miles in length which should, I am told, be completed for traffic in the spring of this year. The effect of the coal strike is that we have a decrease in merchandise receipts of £929, and in minerals of £769, We are certainly very much better off in the circumstances than our neighbours. The live stock traffic has shown an improvement and there is an increase of £464 from this source. The improvement iu the coaching traffic is mainly due to the new contract we have entered into with Her Majesty's Postmaster General for a period of five years for the convey- ance of mails. We have had a long and anxious negotiation with the Post office, which has resulted in our being able to report to you an increased pay- ment of £6,900 a year from the 1st July, 1892, when the old contract expired. This arrangement yon will no doubt consider a satisfactory one. We did not, however, obtain all we asked for and all we considered we were entitled to, but seeing the payment under the old contract was a very low one it was thought fetter to effect a reasonable compromise rather tba-n incur a heavy expenditure in submitting the question to arbitration. The passenger traffic, no doubt, has been seriously affected by the strike ,and the exceptionally fine weather in the first-half of last year, when the public to some extent were tempted to take their holidays much earlier than usual. We have again experienced a considerable loss of passenger traffic from South Wales to our watering places. The trade of South Wales was to a great extent inter- fered with by a strike breaking out in the summer in many of the South Wales collieries. Happily it soon terminated, but the result was less money spent in railway travelling. Matters in South Wales are now, I am pleased to say, much more settled, and we look forward to a considerable in- crease in our passenger receipts next summer. from that district. The Cambrian certainly is one of very few companies who have been able to hold their own with regard to passenger traffic during the past half year, but this has only been accomplished by bringing more prominently before the public the magnificent scenery on our coast and other parts of the line, and in accelerating the train servico during the summer months. You will remember I referred to this improvement in the service at the last meeting. With regard to the expenditure, the increase in the maintenance of way, works, &c. is I feel sure "tfe shall all be agreed that, apart from all other considerations, the first duty of the directors is to keep the line in thorough good order. If we are to increase the speed of the passenger trains—and I have shown you that it owrtainVy pays ns to do ihis, in view of the great competition there now is for tourist traffic-our steep gradients must be strengthened, and this has been done in several places during the past half year. Locomotive power shows a small increase of £200. Traffic expenses show an increase of £859, wages being the principal item, and until we can come to the end of the interlocking and other work we are carrying out in pursuance of the Government requirements we cannot prevent these increases. I am glad to say we are making good progress with the interlocking and re-signalling work which we are compelled by the Board of Trade under the Regulations of Railways Act, 1889, to carry ,out, and I think by the end of the year it will be finished. To the 31st December last the Company have spent the sum of £156,000 on th'e interlocking and automatic brake work. I have nothing more to tell you with respect to mixed trains. Negotiations are pending with the Board of Trade with a view to a further extension of time, and if possible for some modification of the order issued to the Company. The shareholders and the public may rest assured that no stone will be left unturned by the directors to bring about the possible arrangements in regard to this difficult question. The motion was seconded by Mr. H. T. Slattery. Mr. D. C. Farrer asked whether there was any chance of further developing the through traffic P Mr. E. Pryce-Jones called attention to the fact that but for the windfall in the shape of the new contract for the mails the revenue of the Compauy would not have appeared to so much advantage. Mr. G. B. Bryan (Harlech) referred to the low rate of the Company's stocks andvthe difficulty of dealing with them at a fair price. It seemed to him the directors should do all in their power to remedy this state of things. He thought they had the power if only they had the will. They should give it out that they were willing to receive offers from any interested companies (such as the Mid- land, the Sheffield, the London and Northwestern, and the Great Western) for purchase of the rail- way on suitable terms. There was no need for the directors to bind them down to accept any offer unless they thought it advisable to do so, but it would be greatly to the advantage of the share- holders if such an offer was made. The North- Eastern Railway Company made an offer to the Hull and Barnsley. Why should not the great companies make an offer to the Cambrian ? The Chairman, in reply, said the directors were fully alive to all the questions that had been raised. He did not know that they could make a market for their stock whenever they liked, but they had taken one step, a quotation on the London Stock Exchange having been granted in the last few weeks. It was unfortunate, of course, that the Cambrian Company had not a Korth-Eastern beside them. He himself had never yet seen any inclination on the part of the great neighbouring companies to approach the Cambrian on the matter. In regard to through trawc, the Company were by degrees developing a a policy which might some day give further importance to the position of the Cambrian Railway. The shareholders would know that there was in construction a short railway from Wrexham to Ellesmere which the Company had undertaken to work, beyond that there was a railway under construction, and which would be opened, he believed by the ed of 1895, from Connah's Quay to Birkenhead in connection with Liverpool rd the Mersey Tunnel and other lines to the north. This would open up a new Mid extended route for the Mid-Wales district. It should not be forgotten, too, that an Act of Parliament was recently passed to facilitate a working arrangement amongst a num- ber of the companies called the Welsh Union, and when these railways came to be united and there was a third route from Liverpool to South Wales he could not but believe that considerable traffic would be produced. He did not anticipate assistance from the companies which already possessed routes from the north and south—from Manchester and Liverpool southwards. It was not likely they would come to their help so that the Cambrian would have to rely on other methods. The report was adopted. Mr. A. C. Humphreys-Owen, Mr. R. P. Laurie, and Mr. H. F. Slattery were re-elected directors. In moving the reappointment of the auditor (Mr. J. Fraser) Mr. E. Pryce Jones urged that the directors should seriously consider Mr. Bryan's suggestion that the Cambrian undertaking should be merged in one of the large lines running through Wales. A company like the Cambrian, with insuffi- cient capital to develope the line properly, greatly impeded the development of the country. It must be a great disappointment to gentlemen who had placed thousands of pounds in the Company that better results had not arisen. He considered that by a proper development of the means of communication, Aberystwyth, Barmouth, and Towyn would become the Scarborougbs, the East- bournes, and the Brightons of Wales. Mr. Maclure, M.P., said he wished to say at once and quite frankly that at the present time, even if the directors had an application or proposal from either the Great Western or the North Western Railway Company, he, as a director of the Cam- brian Company, would oppose its acceptance (applause). He was a director also of the Wrexham and Ellesmere, the Wirral, and the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Companies, all of which would become great feeders to the Cambrian. The last speaker had told them that his father-in-law put a large sum of money in this concern so did a great many people in Manchester, and they were swindled—(laughter),—but since the appointment of the present chairman and board of directors they had seen a little bit of sunshine, and just when they were seeing that sunshine they were seeing that sunahine they were not going tc sell the concern to people who would gobble it up at a- low price (applause and laughter). In his opinion they could develop the line and make it a great success, and though the directors would not refuse to listen to advice they would do well, he thought, to heed older heads than those of some who had addressed them before selling at the present time (applause.) The motion was carried. Replying to a vote of thanks moved by Mr. Farrer. and seconded by Mr. Pryce Jones the Chair- man assured the meeting that the subject that had been raised had not been lost sight of, but he did not think there would be much for those who had invested in the concern if a sale were forced at the present time. The proceedings then terminated. +
WELSH DISESTABLISHMENT PROSPECTS. UTTER DISSATSFACTIOX OF THE WELSH RADICAL MEMBERS. ANXIETY AS TO THE FUTURE. COLD COMFORT AXD UNMISTAKEABLEJLANGU AGE" Now that the session of 1893-4 is practically over, the prospects of the Welsh Disestablishment question in the coming session are causing a great deal of anxiety and perturbation among the Welsh members." So says a correspondent of the Manchester Guardian. Anyone observing their movements during the last few days might have witnessed groups of them in the lobby earnestly discussing their hopes of obtaining from the Government the full measure of their demand and their future action in the event of its being refused. I am given to understand that, as the result of informal conferences and interchange of opinions among them, steps are being taken to force Disestablishment into the front as the great fight- ing measure of 1894. I have interviewed three or four of the more active, and I give a summary of their general views upon the political landscape. What is the situation as far as the Welsh Church question is concerned ? The Newcastle programme is becoming an old story, but it still holds the field as the proclamation of Liberal policy. By that programme it is laid down in explicit terms that in the opinion of the representatives of English Liberalism Welsh Disestablishment ought to come up for settlement immediatly after Irish Home Rule. Shortly after the general election—on the first day of the assembling of the new Parliament —the Welsh members met and unanimously passed a resolution emphasising this position and CALLING UPON MR. GLADSTONE when he formed his Cabinet to adhere to it. At that time there were prominent Welsh Liberals outside Parliament who strongly advocated a policy of conditional support to the new Government. They held that the Welsh party ought to have withheld their votes until the Liberal leaders in Parliament had given a definite undertaking to deal with the Welsh question immediately after Home Rule was disposed of. At the time this attitude found no sympathisers in the ranks of the Welsh Parliamentary party. It was generally agreed that a display of confidence in the good faith of the Liberal party on this point was sounder policy. When the session opened, and it was found that so far from the Welsh Church question being given second place in the programme it was, as a matter of fact RELEGATED TO THE TAIL END of an omnibus clause—-the distinction of a separate j paragraph was not even given to it in the Queen's Speech,—suspicion was instantly aroused that the Ministry did not mean business. Excited meetings of the Welsh members were held, and pressure was brought to bear upon Ministers. Certain of the Welsh members strongly urged independent action, but the majority were quite utyorepared for such an exceptional proceeding just then. At last the crisis was obviated by an assurance given by an important Government offical that nothing except the Registration Bill and one or two purely non- Contentious measures would be allowed to intervene between Welsh Disestablishment and its immediate succession to Home Rule as a first-class Government question for legislative treatment. By way of earnest, A FIRST READING WAS ACCORDED TO THE SUSPENSORY BILL. As the end of the summer session approached, and it became increasingly evident from the protracted nature of the Home Rule debate that Disestablish- ment could not be considered in 1893 in any shape, Mr. Gladstone was pressed to give an undertaking that he would see the Welsh bill .through the Commons in 1894 session. The exact terms of the demand made were that a complete and thorough measure of disestablishment should be placed in such a position in the Ministeral programme for 1894 as would enable the House of Commons to carry it through all its stages. Mr. Gladstone met this with a letfier, the pith and purpose of which were that the Ministry could not proclaim their programme for a session six months before its advent. With this answer the Welsh members had to rest content for the moment. To fortify their position they passed A RESOLUTION WARNING THE GOVERNMENT that unless their demand was conceded in tfi 1894 session they would reconsider their attitude of support to the Government and take an independent course." Eight members of the party supported a, resolution in favour of taking up an independent attitude immediately, but as they were not prepar- ed to follow up their resolution, at least not until the session of 1894 had arrived, to its only logical and practical sequence of withholding their sup- port from the Ministry it was felt by the majority of the party that such an independence would simply tend to bring the party into contempt. The difference between the two sections of the party was not (as to the advisability of taking up an independent attitude in the,event of their demand being denied. On this point Iboth sections were united. There was no difference even as to the time for real independent action. Bqth parties agreed that it should not take practical effect until the Ministerial programme for 1894 was announced or at least known, and it was obvious therefore that THE MINISTRY DID NOT MEAN TO CARRY WELSH DISESTABLISHMENT THROUGH THE COMMONS. The only circumstance wherein the two indepen- dent sections varied in their policy was in the time when the policy of independence was to be proclaimed. The minority maintained that an attitude of nominal independence should be assum- ed at once. The majority held that it ought not to be taken up until the party was fully prepared to act upon it. In any event the minority satisfied themselves with formally registering their views on the matter and took no further steps to enforce them. It ought to be stated perhaps that out of the thirty-one Welsh Liberal members only five voted against pledging the party under any cir- cumstances to action which might appear inimical towards a Liberal Ministry. This is a resume of events up to the present time. Now as we are within a week or a fortnight of the new session, a number of the Welsh Liberal members have taken upon themselves the responsibility of interviewing Ministers as to the prospects of the Welsh bill. THEY ARE VERY RETICENT as to what took place at these interviews, but with- out exception they have expressed their- gutter dissatisfaction with the outlook. It is clear there- fore that they have received no assurances of any kind which would tend to dispel the Mxiely with which Welsh Liberals generally seem to regard the situation. From what I gather there seems to be very little doubt that Welsh Disestablishment will occupy a prominent position in the Queen's Speech, and I believe it would be safe to predict that it will be carried to a second reading. But no one is prepared to guarantee its progress beyond that stage. In fact, from all I hear, the probabilities are that unless the Welsh Liberal members make a firm stand at once the bill willi not be carried beyond a second reading in this Parliament. Leading English and and Irish members whom I have spoken to seem to assume that as a foregone conclusion. It is no wonder, therefore, that THB MORE ACTIVE amongst the Welsh members are restive, and that they should deliberate as to their course of action. I am informed that a dOl-en at least of them are resolved upon extreme measures in the earlier stages of the new session. It is altogether a question of time, and the Welsh members whom I have seen contend that there are no insuperable obstacles in the way of prolonging the session until the Disestablishment Bill is carried. The Regis- tration Bill, which will I believe, be of a much more sweeping character than that introduced last year, will with necessary financial business and first readings of other bills occupy the first part of the session up till the month of June. Then a Budget which is generally forecasted to be a formidable measure fiscal reform will take up a considerable time. There is also Supply which must be pushed through, It follows therefore that IF THE WELSH BILL IS TO BE HANDLED AT ALL in earnest an autumn session is inevitable. The whole question resolves itself into one of whether I the Liberal party are prepared to face another pro- longed session for the sake of carrying through the Disestablishment of the Welsh Church, London equalisation of rates, and the Irish Evicted Tenants Bill. If the Welsh members make it quite clear at the outset that they must withhold their sup- port from the Ministry unless they pledge them- selves to carry through their bill, whatever such a pledge may involve in the way of protracting the session, then, I take it, the Liberal party would readily undertake to keep a House for such a purpose. The only alternative would be an immediate dissolution, consequent upon A DEFEAT OF THE MINISTRY BY THE MALCONTENT WELSHMEN a dissolution without electoral reform and with a disunited party. Since writing the foregoing I have gleaned further particulars of the Welsh members during the last few days. It appears that some time last week a small Iparty, consisting of Mr. Alfred Thomas, Major Jones, Mr. Lloyd George, Mr. Frank Edwards, and Mr. Herbert Lewis, after consultation with a few of their colleagues, interviewed Sir William Harcourt as to the intentions of the Government with regard to the Welsh Disestablishment Bill. They made it quite clear that they visited him not in any way as representing the whole body of the Welsh party, but solely on their own responsibility. SirWilliam was able to give them but COLD COMFORT. He knew nothing as to the future, and could not afford them any ground for hope. The Queen's Speech had not even been considered by the Government. On Tuesday a deputation consisting of Mr. Frank Edwards, Mr. Herbert Lewis, Mr. Lloyd-George, Major Jones, and Mr. S. T. Erans waited upon Mr. Majoribanks. There was some plain speaking at this intervieew. The chief Liberal Whip was informed IN UNMISTAKABLE LANGUAGE that unless the Government could see their way to guaranteeing lat an early stage that they would press the Welsh bill through the Commons this session, then quite a dozen 10£ the Welsh Liberal members would withhold their support from the Government. He received them with the kindly courtesy which is so characteristic of his manner, and promised to communicate their views to the Cabinet. Beyond that he could not go. The uncertainty as to what Mr. Gladstone may do with the Premiership further complicates matters. There is very widespread and a growing impression that his resignation is imminent. Until that point is decided the Ministry must pursue more or less of a HAND-TO-MOUTH POLICY. There is a good deal of canvassing going on as to his probable successor. It looks as if the Welsh members will have to make terms, not with Mr. Gladstone, but with Lord Rosebery or Sir William Harcourt. It is significant that in his interview with the Scotch delegation on Monday Mr. Gladstone placed the Irish Evicted Tenants Bill in front of Welsh Disestablishment in his enumeration of the questions which the coming session of Parliament would have to deal with. If this is the order of precedence which is to be followed, then Welsh Disestablishment must inevitably be bowled out on the mere point of time. The situation is sufficiently serious, and it behoves Welsh Liberals to be up and doing. +
THE FORDEN UNION. MEDICAL OFFICER'S REPORT. Dr. Thursfield, in his report for the year 1893 on the Forden Rural Sanitary District presented to the Board of Guardians, says -The following table shows certain statistics of mortality during the year 1893 compared with the average for the same district in preceding years, and for England and Wales for 1893 :— Average of 141 England and 1893. preceding years. Wales, 1893. Deaths per 1,000 of population 14*2 16'4 19-2 Births per 1,000 of population 25-4 27'3 30'8 Deaths from zymotic disease per 1,000 of population "4 '8 2-4 Deaths of infants under one year per 1,000 born 73 102 159 In calculating the above rate a due division has been made of the population and deaths in the Union Workhouse between the Urban and Rural Sanitary Authorities using that Institution. The general as well as the special death-rates for this district in 1893 are all below that of the' previous year and the average for the district The deaths from all causes was at the rate of 14'2 per 1,000 of population, which is "9 less than in 1892 and 2'2 under the average of past years: The deaths due to diseases of the zymotic class gave an annual rate of half the average and con- sisted of four deaths only, of which three were due to diarrhoea. So far, therefore, as death rates are any indica- tion of the sanitary condition of a community, nothing could be more satisfactory than the fore- going. Consumption (phthisis) was somewhat exceptionally fatal, being responsible for nearly more than five times as many deaths as all the zymotic diseases. Excluding deaths of infants in the first few months of life, deaths from accidents and deaths from consumption, the average age at death during the year had reached the remarkable high figure of 65. I do not recollect having before met with such a record. The following tabks shows the number and the nature of trie cases of certain infectious diseases which occurred in the district during the year 1893, also the number of houses infected and I can on reference to my records give an opinion as to the probable source of the infection in each case, on the best evidence obtainable. The number of cases given below exceeds the number notified i under the Notification Act, for the reason that as a rule in outbreaks of scarlet fever and Diptheriaand occasionally in typhoid fever, careful investigation will reveal other cases of undoubtedly the same disease but so mild and ill-defined as not to have attracted much notice or received medical atten- dance. These cases are the most important as they attract little attention and it is generally through such cases that school agency so frequently dissemi nates disease.. Small Scarlet Diph- rypnoia Typtius Pox. Fever, theria. Fever. Fever. Number of houses infected 1 14 3 Number of per- sons attacked. 3 19 3 Number of deaths 1 In every outbreak the i.ecessary precautions for personal isolation &c., are inculcated and special care taken to obviate the risk of dissemination by such general causes as attendance at school, cloth- ing taken in to wash, milk selling, &c., also to point out the nocessity after the patient's recovery for disinfection by sulphur fumigation and subsequent lime-washing or re-papering of the room or rooms which have been occupied by anyone suffering from infectious disease. Small Pox. On no less than three separate occasions this disease was imported into the Work- house. The patients were isolated in the infection wards. The strictestj precautions were taken and in no case did dissemination occur. Typhoid Fever. Three outbreaks of this disease occurred in different localities at different times of the year. One of these was complicated with con- sumption and was otherwise obscure. In the other two the infection was traceable to direct im- portation from a distance. In no case did the infectiou spread beyond the person first attacked. Scarlet Fever.—Although no death was registered from this disease there was nevertheless a consider- able number of outbreaks in various parts of the district and the very mildest of the attacks as a rule rendered it more difficult to prevent epidemic prevalence. The strictest precautions were incul- cated especially at the schools and with good results. On the whole and looking back into my twenty years experience of your district I do not recollect so few outbreaks of zymotic disease. Action taken during the year in reference to local conditions injurious to health. House sanita- tion, drainage, water supply, overcrowding, &c. During the course of the year I have from time to time at certain periods, or as occasions required, inspected your district, in order by personal obser- vation to keep myself informed as to the conditions injurious to health existing therein, or in connec- tion with outbreaks of disease, or to advise in doubtful cases with a viow to support legal pro- ceedings. Wherever I have found any local sanitary defects I have made careful notes and called tho attention of the Sanitary Inspector to the same with a vieW to the necessary action being taken, and the out- come of which is included in the Inspector's report. I have often stated in previous reports that im- portant as general schemes of sewerage and water supply undoubtedly are, the investigation of the condition and surroundings of each individual house is the surest foundation and most prac- ticable method of sanitary progress, and that this can only be brought about by a preeiso and de- tailed houso to house survey, which should be made and repeated, and followed up by statutory proceedings wherover defects exist which afford grounds for such a course. In my annual report for the year 1892 I specially reported on the general sanitary condition of the dwellings in your district, and to that report I would again refer. The following is an account of certain items of sanitary work during the year 1893 furnished by the Sanitary Inspector:—Number of houses of which during the year a sanitary inspection has been made, either in the course of a systematic sanitary survey or in connection with outbreaks of infectious diseases, 421. Total number of notices (including formal and informal notices) served to abate objectionable sanitary defects during the year 1893, 132. Approximate number of such notices complied with, 113. Particulars of notices relating to structural matters: (ll) New drains to be constructed, or old drains to be repaired, dis- connected, or ventilated, &c., 28. (b) New closets to be provided or old ones to be reconstructed, 36. (c) Houses so damp or iu other respects in such a condition as to constitute a nuisance, 13. Particu- lars of notices relating to offences liable to recur* rence (rt) Dirty or overcrowded houses, offensive accumulations, animals improperly kept. &0., 34. (ù) Offences against any bye-laws or regulations relating to slaughter-houses, bakehouses, milk shops, lodging houses, offensive trades, Ac., nil. Number of houses supplied with new or improved water, 9. Number of cases in which proceedings before Magistrates have been taken to obtain com- pliance with any of the above notices, or for ex- posure for sale of bad meat, or exposure of in- fected persons or things, nil. There are still numerous houses and groups of houses in your district which leave much to be desired, although in many cases improvements have been affected. In various parts, especially the hill district about Snailbeach and the hill country generally, there are numerous houses injuriously damp from being embedded in tho ground behind. It is my experience that it is in such cases that one most frequently finds convincing evidence of injury to health from structural defects of construction. In such houses the direct injury most frequently found is in producing a tendency to consumption and strumous disease generally and rheumatism* It is lamentable sometimes to find how little the right principles of construction are adopted in abating defects of this kind. I lately visited a house which I had reported upon last year as being injuriously damp from being imbedded and without any closet accomodation. The earth in which the house was imbedded acted, as is usual in such cases, by passing the moisture from the earth into the structure of the house by capillary attraction, and the only remedy in such cases is the provision of an open free air space between the house and the ground at the back-what is known technically as a dry area. Instead of this I found the futile remedy of laying a drain from behind under the house to the front had been carried out, and that a closet had been provided but enected against the wall of the house. ° In another hovel that I condemned last year the structure is imbedded and very damp, and the floor of the bedroom simply the earth. The sole occupant still remains and begs for no action to be taken, as he pays very little rent, and fears and probably with reason that tho result would be the demolition of the house. Although only 52 the man's hands and feet are so deformed by rheumatism that he is not able to do the work of an able-bodied man-i fie was bora, in and haS j lived in the house all hi3 life. — Housing of the Working Classes Act, &o. The action which has been taken in this matter has been under the ordinary powers of the 91st section of the Public Health Act. There are still some houses occupied which I have in previous reports condemned as unfit for human habitation. In at least some of these cases I imagine action has been refrained from on charitable grounds, and in some cases with reason- In the parish of Worthen is a house occupied by an aged blind man between 70 and 80 and an adult daughter; with the exception of the old man's rheumatism they appear to enjoy fairly good health and pay five shillings a year rent." This house would be judged as unfit for habitation on any standard. All the house is on the ground level, and the back wall of the sleeping room wood, and the back somewhat imbedded, and the floor is of rough stone slabs with interspaces of the natural ground below. Action in this ratso would probably lead to the aged pauper having to leave, and I believe for the old man to have to leave his home would more injuriously affect his health than to live the rest of his days in that house. In the case of two other houses, both occupied by men living by themselves, one at Hampton Beach and the other at the old toll house near Brockton, both, are beyond doubt and question unfit for habitation. is not uncommon for aged people such as the old blind man above referred to, to die without medical assistance having been recently called in and an inquest to follow, and, judging from several pre- cedents in my district, the jury would be pretty sure to append a rider to their verdict to the effect that the Sanitary Authority were open to censure for allowing such places to be occupied, although they had simply been allowed to remain out of pure motives of humanity. Having called attention to the matter I am quite ccntcnt to take my share of the responsibility, and indeed would never be s. consenting party to such considerations where a house was occupied by an able bodied man or family of children where the health of anyone waS manifestly being affected, such as a house on the borders of your district two and a half miles above Berriew, where with one bedroom under 1,000 cubic feet there are three adults and four children, and here the unfitness is aggravated by dirt and overcrowding and the premises are about to be vacated. The villages of Berriew, Llandyssil, and Brocton were specially reported in my report for 1892, and the remarks then made still apply. At Llandyssil I was informed that people wore known to get up as early as 3 o'clock in the morning in the summer in order to catch what little water was trickling from the springs in this neighbourhood. At Berriew the new burial ground is not efficiently drained, graves newly opened having been found to contail a good deal of water. The school closets reported on by me some time back still present objectionable features. The boys' closet has a huge pit under the floor of the closet, and said not to have been scavenged for twenty years. The house closet is built against the wall of the back kitchen, and has also a large cesspit said not to have been emptied for four years. The well is within a few yards of this closet and the pit of the girls closet. The condition Of this well water with others in the village was the reason of my advocating an extraneous water supply for the the village of Berriew. The school premises present other objectionable sanitary features. Dairies and Cowsheds.—-Although no regulations have been adopted by the Sanitary Authority the inspection of the few statutory milk sellers that are in the district is attended to by the Sanitary Inspectors under the powers of tho order of the Local Government Board. 4
At the annual meeting of the North Wales Black Cattle Society, which was held at the Westminster Hotel Rhyl, Major S. Sandbach was elected president, Mr. R. M. Graves vice-president, Mr. W. A. Dew hon. secretary and editor, and Mr. James Smith auditor. The vacancies in the executive committee were filled by the election of the following gentlemen :—Lord Harlech, Messrs John Jones (Llandudno), E. Humphreys, W. E. Oakeley, W. R. Lawford, Thomas Pritchard, and R* Williams (Caergwlaw). The secretary announced that 100 entries had been received for the next volume of the herd book, and it was resolved that further entries be invited prior to closing the volume, which it is intended to do at early date. It was resolved that a vote of thanks be tendered to H.R. H. the Prince of Wales for his services as president during the past year, at the same time expressing a hope that his Royal Highness will further honour the North Wales Black Cattle Society by becoming its patron.