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í TOPICS OF THE HOUR. It is a curious comment, and oÖè that cannot be dismissed as without signi- ficance, remarks the Globe, that at the moment when the Western world, offi- cially, is jubilating over the signature of the Peace Terras, a considerable portion I of one of the enemy countries is in arms against any sttlemel1 t such as that which affecfce it under the Treaty. From Ana- tolia comes the intelligence of a new Turkish organisation to fight the Greeks and Italians and to maintain Ottoman supremacy in that region. This is re- ported to be under the command of General Kemal Bay, who is said practio- ally to have taken over the government of the oountry at the head of a large body of irregular troops. He is connected with another insurgent leader whose lines of communication ex- tend into Arabia and Afghanistan. Again, in the Smyrna. region a third insurgent army is reported. Obviously, therefore, the Peaoe is not all a Peace, and the policy of the Allies, particularly cf Great Britain, as a Mohammodan Power, will have to be oarefully directed if Asia Minor is to be pacified. The task is hedged about with difficulties, and these are not all military. At the moment it looks as if the reduction of the Lesser Asia might have to be undertaken by way of assist- ance to a Turkish Gover-ment with which we have yet to conclude peace. The Abyssinian Mission which has been visiting England has come to Europe to solicit a continu-anoo of the friendship of the Allied and Associated Powers, and, so far as this country is concerned, this is certainly assured, says a writer in the Illustrated London Neics. It is our tra- ditional policy towards Abyssinia. We have supported her in the past, and we have received support in return—i<n the Sudan and Somaliland—and we are all the more pleased to reiterate now our ancient friendship for this truly remark- able African Christian kingd&m; since during the war it has evinced a warm at- tachment for the cause of the Allies, and nipped in the bud a Pro-German anti- AHy plot inspired by German agents and a Moslem faction in Abyssinia. The re- ply made by King George to the Mission is the real British sentiment towards the Abyssinian people. Commander John Graham Bower, D.S.O., R.N., whose promotion to that rank froin Lieutenant Commander has been announced, is the writer whose sub- marine articles in Blackwood under the nom-de-plume of Klaxon" have at- tracted much attention. Klaxoa," after much active service in command of sub- marines, was appointed in November last, gays the Pall Mall Gazette, to the Staff of Commodore Hall, Commanding the Bri- tish Submarine Service, and he was lent for duty with Admiral Browning's Com- mission, which, among other things, dis- covered the existence in various stages of construction of a large number of U boats. The Earl and Countess of Fingall's elder daughter, Lady Mary Plusikett, is to be married shortly to Mr. C. P. Kirk, 17th Lancers. Irish society is much interested, says the Star, for Lord and Lady Fiogall are among the most popular couples across the Irish Sea. The Earl was Master of the Meath Hunt for many years, and he spends a large part of every year at Kil- leen Castle, his stately home beneath Tara's Hill in co. Meath, where he has extensive estates, excellently looked after. Lady Fingall is a Galway woman, and a splendid rider to hounds. Her eldest child, Mr. Kirk's fiancee, blessed long-d«- ferred hopes on heir appearance twenty- seven years ago, for her parents had been nuvrried nine yeare. The heir, Lord' Kil- leen, who served throughout the war in the same regiment as Mr. Kirk, was born four years later. A woman writes in the Star says: I am told some society women have set up am agency to loao out very expensive frocks for great occasions. The hire of a dinner or dancing frock, costing perhaps from £80 to £100, would be from about seven guineas a night. They have been doing a roaring, top-hole business. Lord Northampton, to the great satis- j faction of his neighbours at Northampton, | intends to take up residence permanently I at Castle Ashby, the family place in i Northamptonshire, says the Queen. So far his military duties have kept him too I j busily employed—first in the Royal Horse I Guards, and during' the war as an officer ( of (he Army Signalling Service. At the I age of thirty-four Lord Northampton re- mains a bachelor, well dowered with estates, for besides Castle Ashby lie owns [ Coinptcn-Wynyates, a very beautiful old I house in Warwickshire, and Loch Luic- hart Lodge, a romantic Scottish seat in Ross-shire, inherited from his maternal I grandmother, the late Louisa Lady Ash- burton. The salvage of the Tours, by blasting I away part of the rocks upon which the vessel was stranded, is the public story of what has been done silently for the past three years by the Admiralty. Perhaps I no methods have been so greatly improved I owing to the war as have those of salvage engineers, the Manchester Guardian says. Submersible electric pumps have been invented, which before were never thought of. Lifting appliances have doubled in strength. Inventions for deal- j ing with gas have done away with one of the great dangers of salvage in decaying corn or other foodstuffs. Diving appli- ances have been gPeatly improved, and the cutting away above or under water of heavy iron plating and the invention of
BRECON PEACE THANKS- I GIVING. ———— Great Congregation at the Priory Church. Bishop of Swansea's Optimistic Sermon. The King's Proc'amation for the ob- servance of Sunday, July 6th, as a day of thanksgiving for the Peace was loyally and thoroughly observed at Brecon. The Mayor and Corporation, accompanied by various other bodies, went to the Priory Church in state in the morning. Special services were held at S. David's Church (with early Matins to give an opportunity to the parishioners to take part in the town thanksgiving), and there was another special service at S. Mary's in the even- ing. Also, under the auspices of the Free Church Council, there was a united children's service in the afternoon and a united service for adults in the evening at the Plough Congregational Church. The attendance at the Priory Church in the morning was very large, the great building being filled from end to end. The Mayor had invited all representative bodies to join in the civic procession, and his invitation was generally accepted, the parade being one of the most num- erous ever seen in the town. The assembly was at the Town Hall. The Mayor (Mr W. F. Parry deWinton), the Deputy Mayor (Aid. David Powell), Aldermen T. Williams and H. C. Rich, Councillors Miss Philip Morgan, J. W. Hedger, C. W. Best, W. Morgan, W. Williams, Evan Morgan, J. J. Williams, and G. T. Jones, with the Town Clerk (Mr G. Hyatt Williams) and other officials, represented the Corporation, and were attended by the Fire Brigade and a number of the Police Force. Also in the civic parade were Col. C. G. Cole- Hamilton, C.M.G., D.S.O. (Chief Con- stable of Breconshire), Mr H. F. W. Harries (Clerk of the Peace for the county), Dr. Rees, Dr. Thomas, Mr D. W. E. Thomas, Mr James Morgan, Messrs. J. C. B. Morris and W. J. Nott, the three last named representing the borough magistratep. There was a good muster of the Brecon branch of the Comrades of the Great War), led by their president (Col. Stuart Morgan), the Brecon branch of the National Association of Discharged Sol- diers and Sailors, the Chamber of Trade, the Usk Lodge of the R.A.O.B., and of the Brecon Girl Guides (in charge of Mrs J. D. D. Evans, of Ffrwdgrech, commissioner for Breconshire). The Church Lads' Brigade and the Llanfaes Boy Scouts, with their bugle bands, also paraded. A very hearty service at the Priory Church began with All people that on earth do dwell," sung as a processional, and included the 46th Psalm (specially selected), special prayers, and the hymns Praise my soul, the King of Heaven," and 0 Worship the King," concluding with the National Anthem after the Benediction. The prayers were intoned by the Rev. J. R: Wardle. The Rev. J. Simon (vicar of S. David's) read the lessons, and the Bishop of Swansea preached. Basing his remarks on Colossians IIIc., 15v., And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in one body, and be thankful," his lordship remarked that the congregation should not be surprised if they found themselves offering their thanksgiving with less freedom and less abandonment than on Armistice Day, for that day took them somewhat by surprise, they could hardly realise that they were going to exchange the terrible conditions of the war for the blessed conditions of peace, and so by one impulse people turned to the house of God and poured out their hearts in thanksgiving. People walking through strange towns turned at once to the house of God, that there they might offQr themselves in thanksgiving. Now they had had some time to consider, and Time, the merciful healer, was also in some cases the blunter of perceptions; and during the time that had elapsed they had had an opportunity to consider the difficul- ties as well as the untold blessings and ad- vantages of the Peace. They had come to understand the burden laid upon them as victors, and they had realised what the burden would have been if they had been the vanquished. But whilst they could not offer it with the same freedom as in November, their thanksgiving that day might have a greater value, because they were there not on mere impulse, but on their reasoned con- viction after studying the just terms of the Peace. Let them give thanks for the contribution that their, Empire had made towards securing this just peace Let him read to them some words of an erstwhile enemy of their country who in thie war had been fighting on their side. I carry away with me,"
S. Mary's Church. A special service was held at S. Mary's Church on Sunday, evening and was largely attended. The Bishop of Swansea preached, and the choir gave an excellent rendering of Mendelssohn's How lovely are the messengers." The bel!< were rung for an hour before the service. A new flag, presented by Mr Evan Jones, High street, was hoisted for the first time on the tower.
S. David's. The services at S. David's (Llanfaes) were arranged so as to enable all the parishioners to attend the town gathering at the Priory. There were celebrations of Holy Communion at 7 and X a.m., morning prayer at 9-30, children's ser- vice at 2-45, and evensong ::t (>-15. The Vicar (Rev. J. Simon) officiated at all the services, and the 7 o'clack Communion and evensong were especially well at- tended. Special hymns and the pre- scribed form of service were used, and the congregation listened with close attention to two stirring sermons, the one at even- song being based on the 1st verse of the -Wth Psalm, "God is our hope and strength, a very present help in trouble." The service closed with ibe singing of the Te Deum" and the National Anthem.
United Free Church Service The united service held at the Plough Congregational Chapel in the evening under the auspices cf the Brecon Free Church Council attracted a very large congregation. Mr Wi-i. Powell (Free street) presided, the Rev. D. J. Henry, (Bethel C.M.) read a po lion of Scripture, the Rev. J. Wesley Hughes (Llaudrindod Wells, Wesley an) offered prayer, and the Rev. D. 0. Griffiths (Watergate, Baptist) gave an able and appropriate address. Suitable hymns were sung, and the y 11 F.C.C. United Choir, conducted by Mr Rhys Jones, gave a capital rendering of the anthem, The Lord hath wrought a mighty salvation for us." The National Anthem closed the service.
<h.r ,u_, i BRECONSHIRH INSURANCE I COMMITTEE. Digression into Politics. c The annual meeting of the, Breconshire Insurance Committee was held on the 2nd inst. at Brecon. Mr Jno. Pritchard (Talgarth) presiding. On the motion of Miss Philip Morgan. the committee passed a vote of congratu- lation to the three Welsh Insurance Commissioners who have been appointed members of the Welsh Board of Health under the new Ministry of Health Act. Mr W. S. Miller was re-elected chair- man and Mr Jiio Pritchard vice-chairman, and the various sub-committees were re-appointed. On the recommendation of the Finance Committee, it was decided to grant war bonuses to the staff on the scale of the Conciliation and Arbitration Board for Government employees, as follows :— Mr T. J. Parry, salary £ 180, bonus EDi; Mr Jansen Davies, salary 178, bonus X78 Miss M. B. Davies, salary £ 45, bonus JE49. A special committee appointed to con- sider the administration of sanatorium benefit presented a report which was in effect a justification of the present methods, but recommended that Mr Idris # Davies, Prof. Jos Jones, and- Mrs B. Meredith be appointed a sub-committee to consider applications for sanatorium benefit and deal with cases urgently requiring treatment. There was considerable discussion on this report in which Dr. Black Jones, Dr. A. E. Jones, and Dr. Jordan (tuberculosis physician for Breconshire) took part, but eventually the report was adopted. In accordance with notice, Dr. Black Jones moved the following resolution In view of the great advantages to the efficiency and well-being of the nation and to public health and order which has flowed the restrictions placed on the sale of intoxicating liquor during the war, this committee earnestly request His Majesty's Government to maintain these restrictions until a permanent measure of reform has been enacted by Parliament." Miss Philip Morgan seconded the motion. It was opposed by Dr. A. E. Jones, and also by Mr Idris Davies and Mr Trevor Richards, the two latter taking the line that the committee ought not to I turn aside from their proper work to discuss political questions. After a dis- cussion which was sometimes lively, a vote was taken on an amendment moved by Mr Trevor Richards and seconded by Dr. A. E. Jones, that no action be taken I until the Panel Committee had considered the matter, and showed ten members for I and ten against. The Chairman gave his casting vote against the amendment, and Dr. Black Jones's motion was then carried. It was decided to support a resolution of the Portsmouth Insurance Committee in favour of raising the income limit for compulsory insurance tof250 per annum.
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the standard paten for damaged vessels have been brought to a high degree of perfection. Salvage stories are, of course, numer- ous, but one that showed the extraor- dinary bravery of the salvage engineer was that of the commander who himselt cut away the nose of a live torpedo which through a collision had become jam- med in the ircn deck of a destroyer. So perilous was the task that the naval authorities insisted on the vessel being towed three milos out. to sea before thej grould allow to be done, .sJl !.A. said General Botha last week, "the
conviction that of all peoples in the Alliance the people of the British Empire have played a greater part than anybody. This war was in my judgment primarily a French war, it was not a British war essentially, necessarily. The British people made the war their own and so saved not only Frayce, but also civilisation itself." For the of the Empire, for the contribution of those sons from across the seas, let them give thanks. And for those from their own shores, and out of their own towns and villages who gave their lives, they must give thanks they must hear the appeal that came to them from those silent graves in France, in Flanders, in Meso- potamia, in Salonika, in Palestine, in India, and elsewhere, the call to give thanks for those true and noble men who counted not their lives dear unto them, but for the sake of honour, of liberty and of truth were ready to lay down those lives. For others rhey must give thanks, for the extraordinary bravery and cheerfulness of those who would carry to the grave the burden of their disablements—so brave and so cheerful that they hardly recognised the burden borne for their sakes. He was in a room on Wednesday into which walked a young soldier, just as other men he had no conception whatever that he was speaking to a blind man until the soldier made a remark, which at first he hardly under- stood, about finding him a chair, and then it dawned upon him that that young man, in his strength, at the very outset of his career, had made that sacrifice. And one met these men everywhere, in the streets of Brecon as elsewhere, so cheerful, so bravely bearing their burden —they must beware lest they forgot the things these men were suffering yet on their behalf. From their act of thanks- giving let them pass on to an act of recollection, of recollection of what the war had cost-a small matter the money, comparatively, but they were told that thirty thousand millions was the price that had been -paid by those engaged in this stupendous conflict. But there were things of far higher value, their own Empire alone among the combatants with casualties of over three millions and the silent sufferings that found a place in no table of casualties, the sorrows borne so courageously by the mothers and wives at home. Having been so greatly de- livered, surely without fear, in unflinching confidence they could face the future. The blessing of Peace was not inevitable, it had to be won like other blessings, and they would have to show themselves worthy of it. There was no need for depression. It was quite true that here and there were some few signs that the spirit of sacrifice and of service was being demobilised and the spirit of selfishness and of softness threatened to re-establish itself. Here and there might be some small tendency to go back to pre-war conditions, but it was only here and there. A people redeemed as we had been, at the cost at which we had been redeemed were scarcely likely to go back to the old and evil things. Peace had its trials as well as war. There was an ordeal of peace as well as the great ordeal of war through which we had come, and the only thing that was going to carry us through that ordeal was the spiri of Christ. An offertory was taken for the church restoration fund.