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I FEELING THE PINCH. Austria Learning What German "Loyalty" Means. [BY OBSERVER."] OUR cartoon this week illustrates in more ways than one the plight of Germany's partner in the crime of 1914. Austria is feeling the pinch of a fourth year of war very badly. and, being nearly at the end of her resources, she turns to Germany for help. A very natural pro- ceeding. It is only the ether day that the Kaiser telegraphed to the Emperor Karl that the Central Powers must support each other "in all the theatres of war." and a reasonable interpretation of that phrase surely would embrace support of each other in internal economic matters as well us at the battle front. A loyal pooling of resources for all purposes is a fii-st essential of an effective war alliance; the Allies have recognised that from the start. The Germans have given the principle lip service, but now that its operations are, to put it mildly, incon- venient to Germany, it is quite another story. Jaded and Helpless. All through the great war one part has been assigned to Austria with generous b ZD hand—she has been expected to provide in unlimited quantities that food for powder" on which the German military machine depends. For a long time the people of the Dual Monarchy have been war-weary. More than half the Austrian Empire," Mr Lloyd George said the other day, sympathize with the objects of the countries with whom that Empire is at war," meaning, of course, that many of the peoples who constitute what is called the Ramshackle Empire have no longer any heart in the war, because they know now that the victory they were promised so soon is as far off as ever, and that, even if it were achieved. their plight would be worse than it was in the beginning, since they would all be 9 tD more firmly shackled than ever to the oppression ,¡ of strongly-entrenched mili- tarism. Why, then, do they go on y n with the war There is only one answer to the question: It, is because Germany says they must, and Germany holds the whip hand over her Ally and orders what she pleases. For this submission Austria is being made to pay a fearful price. Left to her- self, it is very unlikely that she would have embarked on the offensive against Italy which has led her to such a complete disaster. She did it because Germany needed a military operation on a large scale in Italy that would divert some of the strength of the Allies from the Western Front, and would, if successful, help the political offensive which Germany was hoping to develop before the American Armies in France are filled out to really effectual proportions. Austria obeyed and has failed, and some of those who offer apologies for her failure say that this was partly due to the' decline both moral and military of the Austrian troops, and to the fact that Hindenburg could not or would not release any German divisions from the Western Front to replace them. If that is the case, we can imagine that the Austrians will be feeling rather sore about the Kaiser's dictum that the Central Powers must support each other in all the theatres of war." Germany Takes All. But that is only one particular in which it seems that Germany's idea of loyalty to her alliance is fairly elastic. Austria, in dire straits for food, turns to Germany for supplies. She knows that Germany has plundered and is plundering the Ukraine and Roumania and Bessarabia for foodstuffs, and, being a partner in the business, she looks for a share of the plunder. Impossible to render any assistance," was the first reply. Only when it seemed likely that the supplies for the Austrian Armies would have to be seized for the benefit of the civil popula- tion did the Germans grudgingly consent to send along 5,000 tons of grain, and even then they stipulated for its return in Julv. That is the characteristic way in which Germany always has and always will treat the under-dog, and it is good that the Austrians and Hungarians are learning at last by bitter experience what German loyalty really amounts to. Read what- a Member of the. Hungariau Parliament said about it only a fortnight ago The Germans have a. queer lmtioi: iiiyalty. They respect private jiropertv ;it home; there is no soldier who would touch it. The moment they leave their country and enter the country either of an enemy or a friend they forget everything about loyalty and lay hands on the property of their own ally. They do not fulfil their treaty obliga- tions. Against that picture just range in imagination a picture of loyalty to each other as practised by the Allies. The British Empire has never failed to respond to a single appeal from any one of its Allies for help in the great war. Men, materials, clothing, food, ships, all have been provided, and to-day the great American nation is acting in the same spirit of real loyalty. Well may we rejoice, seeing the miserable plight of "the Ram- shackle Empire," that the loyalty which binds together the Allies is sterling stuff and not a wretched substitute Made in Germany."