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THE LATE COUN. E. T. POWELL.

/ WHAT IS A JUMBUK?

ENGLAND'S WETTEST SPOT.

EVOLUTION OF THE PENCIL.

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EVOLUTION OF THE PENCIL. When the Egyptians, Romans, and other ancient races wrote on papyrus or parch- ment their instrument was a pointed reed. When they used wooden tablets or wax they I made their letters with a sharp stylus cf bone r bronze. It is true tat a bronze nib w as found at Pompeii, and that silver pens were ¡ sometimes used in the Middle Ages, but they s'ere merely the curiosities cf princcs and I,, ep, men, and until the nineteenth century tie quill was the only pen in common use ( among Western peoples. The pencil as we | now know it was an even later invention. says th/9 (ririphi' The earliest black lead pencil known in history was mentioned in a boo); printed in Zurich in 1565; but it was not un.i the eighteenth century that the little stick ol l graphite enclosed in wood becamc familiar to t all classes of society.

ITHE WEEK'S GARDENING. -

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| THE WEEK'S WORK.j

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