POULTRY KEEPING. A PROFITABLE HOBBY. BY "UTILITY." CLOVER MEAL AS A FOOD. I am often asked whether clover meal is really good for feeding to fowls, and this we«% a reader. R. J. asks if I can say how it is composed, its composition makes it just the right kind of meal for laying liens, for it lias right kind of meal for laying liens, for it has a high percentage of flesh-making materials, I such as proteids, and a percentage of fat making materials, starch, while the amount of indigestible fibre is only about. 30 per cent. But when the meal is boiled, as it should always be, the starch and indigest- ible fibre percentages are considerably re- duced. When this meal is boiled and used with potatoes, mixed and dried off with sharps and biscuit meal, an excellent food is provided, which should considerably assist egg production. It is still reasonably cheap, and should be, in a short time, quite easy to obtain. A DUCK FOR SMALL RUNS. Small ducks have their uses even as bantams have among fowls. Of these smaller kinds of ducks, the Black East Indian is per- haps the best. It used to be kept purely as an ornamental water fowl and sent to exhibitions simply for its fancy value. But now that every creature has to be considered from its utility point of view, the Black East Indian can justify its position even in the light of such a test. Though small, it has very deli- cately flavoured flesh of fine texture; there is nothing of the conrse grain and rather strong flavour which some large breeds possess to their extreme demerit. Drakes weigh from 2jlb. to 31b. and ducks from 21b. to 2^1b. The Black East Indian is hardy and easy to keep, even in a small space, for it need only be given a tubful of water sunk in the ground, if there is not a small pond or stream avail- able. Of course, in a pond it finds a great deal of its own .food; but this should be supple- mented with soft food, and a little greenstuff from the garden should be given as well as a little grain if it can be spared. When the birds are wanted to breed, one drake should be run with two ducks. If drakes are kept together in one -enclosure, thev will always be fighting. In a good season a pair will produce forty or fifty, or even more, young ones, though it is generally BLACK EAST 1,DIA-, DRAKL. I best to .give their eggs to steady broody hens to hatch, as the ducks cannot always be relied upon to sit well. The eggs early in the season are often of a peculiar dark grey colour, though later on tlvy change to white. The flavour is good and delicate. Rearing the ducklings is very little more difficult than the rearing of any breed of ducks. During the first fortnight they require care, and must be kept away from water. In fact, it is best to keep them away from water during all their early life, especially when they are wanted. to be as plump as possible for table poultry, and they should always be shut in at night, as soon as it begins to grow chilly. But one of the most important points in their care is not to let them be exposed to summer sun, as this overpowers them and may kill them off very quickly. During summer and early autumn months suiiiii-ier the plumage of the young birds may have a rustv-browti tI'PI If,. but by October the plumage in both the duck and the drake is a beautiful beetle-green. ThF duek's bill is black, shaded off to s'ate at the tip, while the drake's is olive in colour and short and broad. The appearance is TIrnL- the body being round and the head short; the legs and feet in both sexes are black. As the ducks get older they generallv have their plumage somewnat spotted with white. A NSWKRS TO CORRESPONDENTS. R. K."—SUSSEX.—This breed is particularly l;ar<>. and the chickens can be reared outdoors in winter the same as in sum- mer. The success of the Surrey fowl indus- trv (for the Sussex are what, are known as "Surrey fowls") depends on this vigour and havdihoord, so special care is taken that there shall be no inbreeding, which is one of the chief causes of weakness in any form. W hen the chickens are about four months old they are sold to the fatters. Usually they weigh then from 31b. to 41b., but after three weeks oT systematic fattening, they often make more tirtm twice this size. They are large, lanky, healthy birds before being fattened, and lend themselves admirably to the process. W. R. "-SHADE FOR FOWLS.-As I have mentioned before, it is a good plan to grow p I some kind cf tall plants along the side of the run facing south or south-east. This gives plenty of shelter to the birds in the hottest parts of the day, and also provides food for them in the autumn. You can grow nothing better than sunflowers, for they give ample shelter, and, of course, the se.-d *is excellent for poultry. Another plant which will provide shade over the roof as well is the runner bean. If you can raise 4hese plants tall enough so that the birds will not touch them they do very well planted in the run itself, for they tenefit by the birds' droppings. Otherwise grow them along ilie fence outside, giving them rich soil so that they make fine plants. "Nat."—WHAT GREENS FOlt WINTER?— It is a very wise plan to set apart a corner j of your :l for winter greens for your pouUrv. J ot recommend anytll ing better than the diiVivnt varieties of kale, the drum- head kale, avid the cottager's, and the sprout- b broccolis will all grow in exposed posi- tions and withstand the severest weather. They also produce an abundance of leaves, no matter to what extent they are picked. Brussels sprouts, too, are very good and ten- der, also kohl rabi, providing* both a good root (it is really the swollen stem) and plenlv of Also, if you have space, a row or two of leeks are very valuable, for they will provide uscfnl food next spring when the,- young birds are coming on. I G. K. C.DESTRI)YIG INSECTS ON HENS.—Dust the Lirds thoroughly with DOW- A.
BRECON COUNTY SESSIONS. Friday—Before Mr. A. A. Mitchell (in the chair) and Captain Graystoue. LICENSE TRANSFERS. The license of the Tredegar Arms," Storey Arms, was transferred to Mrs. Annie Harris, whose husband has been called to the Army. It was stated that Mr. Harris was on his way to one of the fronts. The license of the Usk Hotel, Talybont-on- Usk, was transferred to Mrs. Annie E. Morgan, widow of the former holder. SOME EXCUSE. James Ferguson, of Taihiriou Cottages, Lower Chapel, was summoned for driving a light locomotive on the 12th inst. without being duly licensed. Defendant did not appear, but sent a letter stating that this steam wagon, which was owned by Mr. E. J. Davies, of Bargoed, had been ovt of repair for a long time, and when the repairs Were finished they had not an engine-drivel' in their employ and could not get one, and he drove it to Brecon i.himself for the purpose of loading it with furniture and sending it to Fishguard. He hoped the Bench would not think that lie tried to avoid taking out a license. P.C. Prosser, who proved the case, said defendant told him he had only brought the wagon from Llandefaelog to Lower Chapel to take his furniture away. The next day wit- ness saw it with a load of furniture. The Bench ordered a fine of 5s. MUST COME. James Gibbs, of no fixed abode, who did not appear, was charged with allowing a horse to stray on the highway and also with encamping on the Hay road near Brecon on the 18th inst. P.C. T. J. Morgan gave evidence and Deputy Chief Constable Jones said he had had com- plaints of horses being turned into people's fields. A warrant was issued for defendant's arrest.
GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGES PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVE PILLS c GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS A I HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL REMEDY !S I EORGE I fPILE^GRML r k I I PILLS J i II SAFE to take. II I PROMPT in action, I EFFECTUAL, in results. I FOR UPWARDS OF FORTY YEARS THESE PILLS HAVE HELD THE FIRST PLACE IN THE WORLD AS A REMEDY FOR # 4;' Piles and Gravel, And all the Common Disorders of the Stomach, Bowels, Liver and Kidneys, Such as Piles, Gravel, Pain in the Back and Loins, Constipation, Sup- pression and Retention of Urine, Irritation of the Bladder, Sluggishness of the Liver and. Kidneys, Biliousness, Flatulence, Palpitation, Nervous- ness, Sleeplessness, Dimness of Vision, Depression of Spirits, all Pains arising from Indigestion, &c. THEIR FAME IS AS WIDE AS CIVILIZATION. TSSTIMONmia. I, There is no necessity to despair of relief even though your Doctor gives your case up as hopeless. Read the following :-After having been under medical treatment for some time and suffering acute pain, I was induced to try your Pills. One box relieved me and the second completely cured me. I gava what Pills I had left to a friend of I | mine-a sea captain, and he has also been cured I after long suffering. 1 I T. WOOD. I • I Wood Street, Middlesbro'. I I THE CONTINUED DEMAND FOR THESE PILLS IS THEIR BEST RECOMMENDATION. The Three Forms of this Remedy: No. I.-GEORGE'S PILE AND GRAVEL PILLS (White label). No. 2.-GEORGE'S GRAVEL PILLS (Blue label). No. 3.—GEORGE'S PILLS FOR THE PILES (Red label)' Sold Everywhere. In Boxes Is. 3d. and 3s. each By Post, Is. 4d. and 3s. 2d each. Proprietor. n;s' J. E. GEORGE, M. R.P.S., Hirwain, Abardare. GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS Q GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGES PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS GEORGE'S PILE & GRAVEL PILLS I
Llanwrtyd, Wake Up -To the Editor of the COCXTY TJMKS. Sir,—The letter of South Walian in your last issue has done good by giving publicity to the dilatoriness usually exhibited by the Council of this resort. The members cannot plead that they are overburdened with public work. The Towns Police Clauses Act had, I know, beeirunder consideration for years, and it must not now be urged that it was an impulsive leap to a great decision, the execution of which it is impossible to cany forward. Surely the position is not that the Council are afraid to take passage in the very boat they ave built and launched ? Is there not one strong man with sufficient courage to get up in his place and impeach the Council for their demeanour and try to make them realise that the town—its future trade and prosperity-is dependent on united enterprise in all matters appertaining to the comfort, pleasure and satisfaction of the visitors who go to Llau- wrtyd for a change of air and a holiday from the overcrowded centres of industry ? SOUTH-WEST WALIAN." —
THIN, AILING BABIES. Wasting Away with Stomach -and Bowel Trouble, but Cured by Dr. Cassell's Tablets. Mrs. Chapman, School House, Horsmonden, Kent, says I first used Dr. Cassell's Tablets for my little boy Thomas when he had bowel trouble and indigestion. He began to get better almost at once, and now is in splendid health. Then my next baby, Percy, fell ill in the same way, and even grew worse than his brother had been. He seemed always in pain, and whatever food I gave him returned. At last lie became quite helpless, and wasted to a frame. I was told the trouble was consumption of the bowels, rickets, and severe indigestion. Seeing that no good came of the treatment he was having I thought I would try Dr. Cassell's Tablets again. They were just as successful with baby as they had been with Tommy, and soon he grew strong and-plump. Now he is a fine little boy of seven months, and has cut his first tooth." Dr. Cassell's Tablets are the Proved Remedy for NERVOUS BREAKDOWN AXVE.MIA "XERVE PARALYSIS KIDNEY TROUBLE SPINAL, WEAKNESS INDIGESTION INFANTILE PARALYSIS WASTING DISEASES N EUR ASTII EN I A PAL P IT AT ION SLEEPLESSNESS VITAL EXHAUSTION SPECIALLY VALUABLE FOR NURSING MOTHERS AND DURING THE CRITICAL PERIODS OF LIFE. Sold by Chemists and Stores in all parts of the worH, including Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Africa and India. Prices 1/ 1/3, and 3/- (the 3/- size being the most economical). IMPORTANT.—Dr. Cassell's Tablets are guaranteed free from iron and from narcotics. They can neither constipate nor induce a drug- taking habit. If you desire further inform- ation, write to Dr. Cassell's Co., Ltd., Chester- road, Manchester.
All correspondence I'" Jn's column should be addressed to Utility. the Editor. Requests for &pecial information L i ? accompanied by & stamped addressed envelope -+- .C.V- mrtBT*"■*— III I I—|-TFFT»IGI—mi MI^I 11 iU'TJI*Ir'uiT I LLOYDS BANK I OSS LIMITED. j HEAD OFFICE: 71, LOMBARD ST., E.C. 3. IB — CAPITAL SUBSCRIBED £ 31,304,200 CAPITAL PAID UP 5,008,672 I RESERVE FUND 4,000,000 I DEPOSITS, &c. (December, 1917) 174,697,945 |1 ADVANCES, &c. do. 61,466,709 II FRENCH AUXILIARY: I: & NATIONAL PROVINCIAL BANK (FRANCE) LTD.
BRECON RURAL TRIBUNAL. Brecon Rural Tribunal sat on Friday after- noon, Mr. Jenkin Williams presiding. Mr. John Roberts, 37, Grade I., headmaster of Cray Council School, applied for exemption, and stated that his wife was in such ill-health that the doctor would not permit her to come back to Cray she had left home to attend the funeral of her father, whose death was due to an accident. He had only an uncertificated l female assistant to help in the school. He had written to the Education Office on the matter, but had not yet received a reply he under- stood the committee had not met. One or two members remarked that it was important that the education of the children should be kept going and temporary exemption for three months was granted. Capt. Wilson, N.S. representative, reviewed the certificate of exemption held by Mr. E. A. Williams, Class A., monumental mason and assistant overseer of Talachddu and Llandefalle. Replying to questions, Mr. Williams said he reckoned that the work of his trade took four days and his public work two days a week. Capt. Wilson The monumental mason work might stop very well. Mr. Williams, replying to further questions, stated that his wife was still in the same state of ill-health as when the certificate was granted. The Tribunal confirmed their previous decision, but directed Mr. Williams to go before a medical board, as he had not been examined for a year. Capt. Wilson also reviewed the certificate of Mr. Alfred Davies, 32, C 2, single, of Penbryn, Llechfaen, cashier to the Breconshire Coal and Lime Co., who had been granted exemption on the ground of hardship to his mother, who is a permanent invalid. It was stated that some years ago Mr. Davies gave up a good position away to be able to personally look after his mother. The certificate was withdrawn.
An Industrial War Weapon. To the Editor of the COUNTY TIMES. Patriot." in his letter in your issue of June 20th. raises an interesting question by the reference to the American Defence Society and its suggested trade boycott against Germany. May I point out that the British Empire Union (340, Strand, London) persistently advocates the need of the economic boycott as a weapon against Germany. They are out to free the Empire from all German influence and control, in commerce, industry and politics. Their policy is for British labour, British goods and Britain for the British, against German labour, German goods and German influence. They also work in co-operation with the American Defence Society, of 303. Fifth A venue,.New York, to which Patriot evidently refers. Doubtless the British Empire Union would assist if Patriot and others interested would get in communication with them. Everybody should study this question of An Industrial War Weapon," because before the war we were far too friendly with the Germans. We helped them to provide the money for. this war by befriending German trade. We even starved our own people to encourage German trade. Yet to-day the Germans, from the Emperor to to the lowest worker, regards us as their bitter- est enemy, because they wanted the earth and all therein, but we blocked the way. Yours faithfully. Abergavenny, HARRY E. PAPE. June 22nd.
GARTH. Sale of Timber aud Cottages.—On Wednes- day, the 10th instant, Mr Arthur, S. T. Lucas, auctioneer, of Swansea, conducted a most successful sale of valuable upstanding timber at the Garth Hotel. An exceptionally large number of timber merchants from all parts of the country attended and the bidding was very brisk. The audtioneer opened the proceedings by congratulating Commander Alec A. T. Wilson, Garth House, on his appointment to the magisterial bench of the county. Lot 1. consisting of 020 trees of spruce and lime, was bought by Messrs Stone! and Co., Swansea, for X252. The same buyers secured lot 2, 3GO well grown oak, 21 small ash, 111 small spruce, 152 larch, 12 small Scotch, and about four acres of alder for £ 1.400 and also lot 3, being 791 oak. 235 Scotch, 249 spruce, 30 ash, and about six acres of good alder, etc. for £ 2,30<>. Lot 4. consisting of oak. Scotch, and alder, was bought by Commander Wilson, Garth House, for JE525. Two small cottages, known as Penybont, were sold at the buyer being Commander Wilson. The vendors (as joint owners) were Lieut. A. E. Martin, who is serving- on the Western Front, and Sergt D. Evan Jones, R.A.F.
THE GAMBLER'S LAST THROW, u We are now swinging on to the hIst, victory." So said the Kaiser to his suite > few days ago, and we need hardly add that he said it in the presence of a Press correspondent The boast is one of a long series, and probabl) some of the cynical raiuds in the Imperii entourage remembered that the all-highest vai" lord had been giving his warriors the saJ)1e assurance in various forms at intervals siu^ August, 1914. In contrast to the family vaunt of the German Emperor stands the statement of President Wilson in a telegram to the head of the French State. The spokesnilo of the American people said, It is our fixe~ and unalterable purpose to send men materials in a steady and increasing volutf8 until any temporary inequality of force lS entirely overcome and the forces of freedo^' are made overwhelming." The Kaiser tallØ like a gambler trying to convince those v.'hff fortunes he has staked with his own that b last desperate venture must succeed. Presidellt Wilson expresses the measured purpose of great statesman in measured terms, and he knows and the world knows that he can achie\'6 his declared purpose. The German General Staff also knows the truth and is under no illusion as to the relatif0 value of the Kaiser's verbal tonic for hi subjects and his allies and of Presided Wilson's firm announcement of a practical resolve. Recognition of the ominous facts 0) the leading German soldiers governs the strategical and political plan of the rulers the Central Empires at this moment. The) publicly profess the belief that they can Ll the war. General von Stein, the Prussiall Minister of War. made the assertion explicit 1 in his speech on the army estimates a few dti* I ago. Winning the war means a great more than making piecemeal progress in F during the next few months. That wou prevent the landing and the ultimate ad\'t\c:. of those" ovenyhelming forces of freedol11 which America can and will send to Eui'°l'e" I tI Unless the Germans can make the Atlall r I impassable for American transports—and tilel e, hope of doing so is a crumbling .stay foi* ^7 people of the Fatherland—they can only obta111 the military decision about which the) prate by over-running France from end to end, driving the British and American armies out of the country, and holding every large French haven in such force that even the naval niigb of the Allies would not enable Britain all America to play the part which Wellingto11 played in the Peninsula against Napoleoll, The last victory" to which the Kaiser I swinging on will have to be a victory will finally sweep away British-American ;tIt for France. It is unlikely that the schemers who direct the execution of -German plans really thilJ; themselves capable of forcing a decision :0 that sense. It is much more probable th:1t they mean to create as much discourageme11 and apprehension as they can among the nations' of the Entente by a display of the most dramatic violence with which Hindenbu3^ can threaten his foes at the most advantageo^ moment of his fleeting opportunity, and the!l to exploit the misgiving's of weak-kneed people. the work of traitors and the shortsightedne^ of the dupes of pacifism and defeatism by :111 unprecedented peace offensive in all the countries of the Great Alliance. The Hortle Front is likely to be tested before long as it has never been tested before, and if the. Peace offensiye" is pressed in this countf) we must remember unceasingly that the Prussian plan which prompts it never chauges: No matter what the war-lords of Germany say their object is the attainment of worid' domination. To quote the memorable used by Lord Milner, who speaks with knowledge, Their ideal of the future 0 mankind is a Central European block 0 irresistible strength supported by giant iudu?' tries drawing their raw material from all the I rest cvf the world on Germany's own terms'^ 1 a world of servile states working for the profit ■>; of a great paramount Empire." 1
B Ta EXCELLENT FOR I Mother Seigel's Syrup is an excellent fc '| J |H| remedy for Indigestion, because it §j|f g j assists stomach, liver and bowels, to 18^ Eg do their work naturally, and efficiently. KM With these organs in perfect working f9 jH| order Indigestion becomes impossible. HS E5 i Put it to the test. •„ Pj!
»• — T.T7. ■ .M. | nereci suipnur TO L' — -» the insects; but be sure to provide the s with a proper dust- ing-place, where they can avail themselves constantly of a dust bath. This should contain a quantity of fine dry earth, and, if outdoors, should have a cover of some sort over it. It is not a good plan to put ashes in the dust bath, for white birds make themselves very dirty if after ducting they get some rain on their plumage. The outdoor dust bath can be made by driving four posts into the ground, and fixing on these a roof of iron or rough thatch 2ft. or 3ft. above the ground; then it is always dry.