I TOWN AND COUNTY. T1 1 ■^ere.was published in the "County Times" it ffeek a letter drawing attention to a very ft A feature of the activities of the IP %?r'Can Defence Society, viz., an effort to no less than twenty million signatures to ge never knowingly to buy anything ZJ in Germany. The writer pleaded that ^thing of the kind ought to be attempted | 4^s country and asserted that in Brecon- there are plenty- of people ready to sign a patriotic resolution. This week f ther correspondent points out that there is j h,ady in existence a national organisation j^h has for a principal object a trade boycott Germany, which is another way of reaching same result. One has no special bias (irds any particular form of organisation in s Blatter, but one is strongly of opinion that .^erted action in some form is necessary,, e present temper of the individual members the nation is no doubt against Germany and things German, but with Free Trade » ^che/s already trying to delude the Ctorate-alld especially the women who are Ilt to come on the register—with the old t Jruths about the blessings of cheapness, lch depend upon free imports, there is a 4ger of the nation as a whole slipping back the war into the short-sighted policy Q lch helped the Germans to store up money fight us, their principal trade benefactors: .e are all prone to indulge selfishness, ell the opportunity, and to selfish instincts e long reign of the free imports policy has 11 due. We have all wanted to sell in the rest market and buy in the cheapest, without J^bling our heads as to what was happening .any industry or business except that in ich we happened to be engaged. Herein s the danger of inaction whilst Free Traders d Pacifists and all the other friends of every I1lltrJ' but their own are seeking to gain the J s of the masses of the people with the cry It would be a very effective ^J'of counteracting the mischievous activitiesof people to adopt the plan of the American fence Society. At the moment the temper our people is 'ri,(Ylit, but it needs to be ^tnanently fixed, so that when the war is I el' its lessons shall not be forgotten and if a e '=' part of the nation were banded together I a solemn covenant, the apostles of false irCtfine might safely be left to rave at will. a fair statement of the case there ought .) e lid difficulty in getting the working £ to join a boycott, for to them the e^ion is more important than to any other .ttion of the community. Indeed, it is a 111e against thir best interests to try and 81lade them now, when they are paying war S. that cheapness is the one thing to give 111 prosperity. During the war wages gone up enormously, and to keep them at :1.lgh level will be the main purpose of every union after the war. But it is clear that 5§es cannot be maintained at a high standard our manufactures flourish and the ings which our workmen produce can be sold j t good prices. If we let the German dumper a!^ain to bring down prices to a km lerel, must go down too and in many cases g. ^Pear altogether. A boycott of German w is sound policy for the Bri tish 11.1\, th It is a thousand pities that circnms.ances- j;* hw of libel for one—prevent the pub- k *lou just now of two classified lists of ij denshire farmers, the one containing the "^les of those who have fairly played the tlioir country, during the war and »he containing the names of those who have Ii a.;ed an entirely selfish part. In the latter tht. could it be published, should be included extraordinarily fond parents whose ^Action (?) has somehow managed to shield t\¡'() or three strapping sons, even now the bair- t¡.,lng comb-out is taking place. There is one farm in the county, whether rj^Pied by a patriotic man or a successful t^sfer, where more labour than is aTuikble ,'a^l not be profitably employed. Also Ployed—and there's the rub of it for those know how many farmers' sons were kept e at home 1 >ef ore the food supply became a y^lem—for the benefit of the .nation. ]^r>us schemes are' afoot to supply substitute ^h'J°Ur of women, schoolboys in their teens, men of the new military age. All com- Cd will not fully meet the need, and it is an ^•iswerable proposition that the patriotic t ^ers deserve to be first served. If thete j^ld be published "black"-and white lists, pretty certain that, the '"white" men would their wants attended to as it is, Ave have guarantee that the "black" men will not fare V Vvell as the others. The War Agricultural ^ecutive Committee have one small ^oi'tunity in this respect, however. In ijjVg with applications for the seryites of ell voluntarily enrolling for agricultural lh°l'k, it will rest with them to decide whether ernplon-oi- has shown a genuine "vacancy" s6 they may mete out some justice in a Ration so complicated that full justice is ^ittedly impossible.
Red Cross Hospital, Penoyre. To the Editor of the County Timks. t —In response to our appeal we have vCeived tenuis rackets and balls from Mr. ^tchell and Miss J. Powell. Mrs. Rae has r!'y kindly sent us a loom work machine and- a..s for" the pretty necklaces which the lents are now making. Mr. Hando arrangad k \'ry pleasant whist drive this week, for which Q Presented the prizes. With his usual gener- Itfh he hrrs again given the monthly medal for UVds. >cf e are also very grateful for the j :—Onions and radishes, Mrs. Jones, Tre- rtl 21) 6 "'S from Market Stall, per Miss vegetables, Captain Evans rhubarb, 34 ilV ^>lbs. butter, Mrs. McClinto«k 'j*- butter, vegetables, potatoes, and straw- Lord Glanusk 157 eggs from districts 'n 1 eVJ"1:ock- Sennybridge, Senny. ,tl Crav. per ISIiss Llewellyn Davies. C. M. PARKIXSOX, r Commandant. ^*25th, 1018
VOLUNTEERS FOR LAND WORK. Project to Help Farmers. Whilst the need of Grade 1. men for the Army must be held to justify the taking away from the land of a number of skilled workers, there -can be no question that in a great many cases the farmers are being left in a very awkward position, having more crops' to tend and harvest and less labour to do the work. The Ministry of National Service, just now a very much criticised body, recognise the diffi- culty, and in order to help the farmers, they have arranged a scheme of enrolment of volun- teers for agricultural work. The scheme also offers an alternative to military service for men over 45 who are put in Grade I., and for men of any age if they are in medical categories B 3 or C 3, or in Grade III. Men not yet medically graded can also offer their services. Of course men who have had some experience of farm work will be the most welcome, but it is expected that a number of other men will prove sufficiently adaptable for the purpose. Men will enrol as war agricultural volunteers through the employment agencies or agricultural executive committees for a period not exceeding twelve months. Volunteers receive pay accord- ing to the current local rates for the work they are doing, with certain travelling and subsistence allowances. It will be open to volunteers to choose whether they will work in their own dis- tricts or elsewhere in the United Kingdom. With regard to the protection from military service afforded, the position is as follows Should a man who has signed on for enrolment receive a calling-up notice, it will be suspended for a month from that date in order to provide time for him to be actually enrolled. This provision is necessary because no man is definitely enrolled until he has been accepted by an employer for a specific job of his own choice. Once a man is enrolled he will of course not be called up for military service as long as he remains in his job, and provided he fulfils the conditions mentioned above. Discharged soldiers and sailors and men out- side the scope of the Military Service Acts are also invited to enrol without regard to age or medical grade. Application for the services of war agri- cultural volunteers should in every case be made by an employer to the nearest employment exchange or to the County War Agricultural Executive Committee.
4 Your PotatoCrop "Spray with Bor- deaux Mixture and you increase the yield by about 2 tons per acre." Official. YOUR har- vest is likely to be reduced by Potato Disease unless you pre- vent it by spray- ing. Don't wait for disease to show itself and don't risk scordning your plants by using home-made spray- fluids which are likely to have excess of one ingredient. Use the guaranteed, scientificaliy- exact paste which cannot scorch- and which needs only water to be ready for use- y g))JBergers Bordeaux Mixture ergercide L iSStj.JS prevents Poialo Disease 1/3 per lb. -3 lbs. in 15 gallons water sprays 20 rods once. Spray at least twice, at 2 weeks interval. Ask for leaflets, J. A. DAVIES & SON, CHEMISTS, High Town, HAY. _D:,A">5<rml1r
TALGARTH. Sale of Llangoed Howell Powell (Messrs. Miller and Powell) conducted the annual draft ^sale of pedigree Herefords from the herd of Mr. H. A. Christy, of I Llangoed Castle. Llyswen, at Talgarth, on Tuesday. There was a good attendance and satisfactory prices were made. Cows with calves sold at from ')(' to G2 guineas yearling bulls 3G guineas.
^hy is Tea Rationed at Brecon ? To the Editoi-of the County TnrEs. Sir,—Would our local foocl coiiii-ollei-s kindly inform us why we are still rationed in tea, seeing that the Food Controller does not intend to ration the nation ? Practically the whole country is not rationed, and our grocers have now ample stocks, and can very well limit any unreasonable demands of customers. It mnst be remembered that the 2-ounce limit falls very severely on small householders where no intoxicants are drunk, and coffee cannot be taken for reasons of health. Yours faithfully, FREE CITIZEN.
LLAN BEDR. War Savings.—This scheme has been very popular in the parish, and the children in the school seem to have taken to it \ery much.- There are twenty-four subscribers, and twelve- certificates have been bought, and there is still some money in hand. Mrs Browne-Davies is acting as treasurer, and is working the scheme in this parish in conjunction with Miss Jones, the head teacher. War Xotes.—Two young men have left the parish to join the colours :—Tom J ohes, the eldest son of Mr Thomas Jones, Tymawr, who is a sidesman in the parish church, and William Riggs. Tom Jones is in training at Aldershot and the latter is at Rhyl.
CRICKET. I CHRIST COLLEGE v. LANDORE. (12 aside). Played at Brecon on June 22nd and endedi after an exciting finish, in a win for the School by 9 runs only. The visitors were dismissed for 110, and the School, after a steady start, fared so badly that eight men were out for 48. The next wicket, tlfanks to Thomas, raised the score to G8,and then a splendid stand by Da vies and Harries pulled the game out of the fire. Davies left with the score at a tie, but Harries did all that was then necessary. Scores :— LANDOKK. W. F. Thomas c Jones b Price 4 C. L. Rigby b Williams 0 K. Salter c Morgan b Price 36 D. Williams b Williams 9 A. Thomas b Williams 3 H. E. Schenk c and b Price 5 A R. Ford run out 0 S. Thomas b Williams 11 S. R. Herman run out 10 E. W. Butler not out 5 F. R. Savage c Daniel b Williams 10 W. Jenkins b Williams 0 Extras 17 110 CHRIST COLLEGE. 1. Ll. Evans run out 12 E. L. Jones b Savage 14 D. W. R. Thomas c Williams b 'I Savage 28 T. Ll. Price Ibw b Savage 1 i E. Williams b Savage 0 I D. E. Murray b Savage 0 N. S. Blackall b Savage 0 Ii T. R. Daniel b W. F. Thomas o D. G. Morgan bWF. Thomas 0 I L. C. Davies c Savage b Ford 24 E. G. Harries c Williams b Ford 30 I D. R. R. Roberts not out 0. Extras 7 119 ——— CHRIST COLLEGE v. MONMOUTH GRAMMAR SCHOOL. Played at Hereford on June 19th, resulting in a splendid win for the Brecon boys. T. Ll. Price and E. Williams contributed very largely to the victory, the former taking three wickets for 33 runs, as well as making the top score of the match, and the latter taking 6 wickets for 30 runs. Murray also batted well for 28. Scores: I. Ll. Evans b Curtoys. 3 E." L. Jones run out I) D. W. R. Thomas c Sartwell b C. H. Sutherland 7 T. L. Price b A. C. Lewis 53 E. Williams st A. A. Sutherland b Curtoys 22 D. G. Morgan b C. H. Sutherland 1 Blackall b C. Hutherland 4 Murray b C. H. Sutherland 28 T. R. Daniel c Mills b A. C. Lewis 14 E. G. Harries not out 0 Rees Roberts st A. A. Sutherland b A. C. Lewis 0 Extras 4 136 MONMOUTH GKAMMAll SCHOOL. Jenkins c Rees Roberts b E. Williams 11 Palmer run out 0 Curtoys b T. Ll. Price t) Mills b E. Williams 0 Hartwell b T. Ll. Price 22 C. H. Sutherland b E. Williams 2 Lewis c D. W. R. Thomas b E. Williams It.) Caldwell b E. Williams < A. A. Sutherland c 1. Ll. Evans b T. Ll. Price 4 Phillips b E. Williams 7 Gibbs not out o. I Extras 12 75
HÁY. War otes.J ohn C. Grant, son of Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Grant, Castle street, has joined the Royal Air Fórce. Reginald Morgan, son of Mrs. Morgan, of Swan Bank, has joined the Royal Air Force. Arthur Morgan, another son of Mrs. Morgan, has recently joined the Civil Service Rifles. Arthur Cook, son of Mr. and Mrs. Cook, of Brook street, has joined the Royal Welsh Fusiliers. Private J. J. Jay, R.A.M.C., of Brecon road, who has been serving on the Western Front for some time, is now in hospital suffering from trench fever. Potato Spraying.—An exhibition of potato spraying was given in the gardens of Mr. R. T. Griffiths, of Trewern, on Monday evening last, and was attended by a number of interested persons. Cycle Accident.-Oii Saturday evenirig last, as Mr. T. Halst-ead, head master of Clyro C. of E. School, was cycling from Hay, he lost control of his machine when not far from home, and was thrown to" the ground, and broke his colfar bone. The school has in consequence been closed for a fortnight. Visitors.—The holiday season is beginning to show itself, and quite a number of visitors have come to the town. Road Repair.—The steam roller has at last made its appearance, and the re-metalling of well-worn roads is proceeding apace. Zenana Missioii.-A meeting was held on the lawn at George House .on Monday evening last in connection with the Church of England Zenana Society, for which Mrs. Hincks is the local secretary. Ail address was given by Miss Barrett, a missionary from India, who described the missionary and hospital work done by the Society there. Many difficulties had to be faced, but great progress had been made, and the future was full of hope. A collection was taken, and various books, etc., were sold for the benefit of the Society, and curios were exhibited. The Rev. J. J. deWinton, vicar, thanked the deputation for her address and Mrs. Hincks for her many years' work as secretary of the local I branch.
GERMAN EXPECTATIONS. It is an old saying in this country that Bark is a good dog, but Bite is a better one. And the truth of that adage is being exemplified in this war. All that a race of men can do by self assertion and self advertisement the Germans have done. From the Kaiser to the least important journalist on the State's pay sheets, from Grand Admiral von Tirpitz to the most rickety professor under State patronage, all Germany that is vocal and authoritative has been proclaiming its superiority for years—the superiority of the German'as a super-man, his superiority in arms, in art, in science, in letters, in methods and organisation especially in organisation. And we all know that Bark has impressed a good many people outside Germany. They have been, and some still are, inclined to take the Germans at their own valuation, and to look with misgiving and trepidation at anything which Britain and her Allies may attempt against these ever-bragging opponents. The Germans are such clever calculators, such expert organisers Shall we, can we, ever succeed against them ? That is just the frame of mind which German truculence is intended to produce in those whom the Germans wish to daunt. An excel- lent corrective for the faitit-heartedness due to the fierce growling and snarling of the German Lark is supplied by the speeches delivered by the representatives of the British Empire at the supper given in honour of the members of the Imperial War Conference in,London a few days ago. The spokesmen of those political principles which the British Empire upholds dwelt on facts from which we may all draw well-,iustified encouragement. The rulers of Germany declared war at their chosen moment after more than forty years of preparation. They assailed neighbours who were unprepared. In the case of Britain they believed that she neither would nor could raise a formidable army. They based their calculations of victory on the disruption of the British Empire. The self-governing Dominions would break the wearisome allegiance that bound them to the British Crown. India would cast off -a semblance of loyalty that was merely a mask. The craven spirit of Britain, corroded through and through by the worship of Mammon, would quail and fail under the menace of the Kaiser's destructive sword." How far were the calculations of the wonderful schemers in Berlin and Potsdam justified ? On the occasion to which we have referred, Mr. Lloyd George said :—" There has never been any- thing quite like the British Empire, and nothing in the least like what it has accom- plished during the last four years. Britain ?had a small army—I think it was about the size of the Bulgarian Army. The Dominions ¡ had hardly an army at all. Britain, including those who were under arms when war was declared, has raised—the United Kingdom has raised—nearly six millions of men for sea and land. The Dominions, with nothing like the same population, the nearest of them thousands I' of miles away from the scene of conflict-they do not hear the guns throbbing as you can hear them from our shores-have raised a million. Iiiclia Germany thought that India was seething with discontent, and that when the hour of trouble came for the British Empire India would absorb and not add to our strength. India has raised voluntarily, every man a volunteer, nearly a million of men, I including the small force which was there before the war. They are about to raise another half-million." I AVe should be the last to deny that Germany has been and still is a redoubtable enemy, but conceit is a bad counsellor, and all the German computations of the values in this war are based on incorrigible conceit. The directors I of the German war policy believed that the I French were a degenerate race who had lost their courage, their fortitude, their tenacity that Italy was cowed and servile that Belgium would be instantly conquered by fear that the LTnited States would not fight and could not land an army in Europe even if they tried. In their war against the decency of humanity the Germans have reckoned awry from the beginning till now. They still expect to win a decisive victory this summer. Their only practicable hope of liquidating their venture of 1914 without getting their deserts lies in the awe which their bluster produces in tempera- ments that are afraid of Bark.
J "ffSwrtpr A. 31 .16
J < CEFN COED. Funeral.—The funeral took place at Vaynor on Saturday of Miss Annie Lewis, the fourteen years' old daughter of Mrs. Lewis, Pontycapcl road, Cefn Coed. Miss Lewis was a member of a well-known local musical family, her father and grandfather having been closely connected I with Vaynor Parish Chuch and St.' John's Church, Cefii Coed. The Rev. J. Davies. rector of Vaynor. officiated. Eisteddfod Success.—The Rev. J. Seymour Rees, pastbr of Ebenezer Welsh Congregational Church, Cefn Coed, was a prize-winner at an eisteddfod held recently at Brynamman. His successful effort was a story entitled Ffansi'r Ffin." Shorthand. — Miss Gwen Mary Watkins, Lower Vaynor road. Miss Doris Gardner, Monumental Terrace, and Miss Lena Davies, Telegragh Cottage, Cefn Coed, have been suc- cessful in gaining elementary certificates in Pitman's' shorthand. Their teacher- is Miss Annie Bettgrton, Cefn Coed.
I 4, THE BULWARK, BRECON. S.P.C.K. DEPOT. BOOKS! BOOKS! BOOKS! NOVELS, CLASSICS, Etc., Etc., including I including "Everyman's" and "The Wayfarer's" Libraries. Daily additions to the store of popular Novels in cheap editions (the latest and the "old favourites) and to a carefully selected range of the Classics in Literature. cheap editions (the latest and the "old favourites) and to a carefully selected range of the Classics in Literature. ■ POSTCARD AND AUTOGRAPH ALBUMS, NOTE CASES,&C J x AT THE UP-TO-DATE 1 a Book, Stationery and | I Newspaper Stores, 1 j 4, The Bulwark, BRECON. I 8 T Proprietors: BRECON COUNTY TIMES LTD, | Formerly T. JONES. g OUR MOTTO: S We better serve ourselves by serving others best." L, -!=- I If" ..á
WELSH HOME RULE. Shrewsbury Conference a Failure. A meeting of the committee appointed at the Whit-week Conference at Llandrindod Wells to draft a Wolsh%Jome Rule scheme has been held at Shrewsbury. Only seven out of the 22 dele- gates appointed at Llandrindod .attended. Dr. Lloyd Owen. Criccieth. proposed several reso- lutions, but found no seconder, and eventually it was decided to refer the whole matter to the county councils, with the idea of obtaining a mandate to proceed. It is understood, how- ever, that those present are agreed that nothing I z!1 more will be heard of the Llandrindod Con- ference (convened by Ald. S. M. Jones) or of its resolutions.
i irHYARCHERACWll I i pLDEN RETURNS I facsimile of One-Ounce PacM| Archer's Golden Returns 1 The Perfection ot Rtpe | Golden Returns
I BEULAH. Local Justices—Beulah has been honoured. Two local gentlemen, namely, Mr. Benjamin Davies, Beulah Lodge, and Mr. Isaac Thomas, Caerau, have been appointed on the Commis- sion for the County of Brecon. Both are connected with agriculture and are well-known z!1 in the county' War Notes.—Pte. S. Evans, son of the Rev. J. Y. Evans and Mrs. Evans, the Vicarage, was home on draft leave last week. A brother, Lieut. Gerald! Evans, has been serving in Salonica for over a year. Both are Christ College (Brecon) boys, Mr. Stanley Evans being the younger and only 18 years of age.—Mr. and Mrs. Jones. The Lodge, have been notified by the War Office that their nephew, Private Gilbert W. Williams, of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, in in hospital in Rouen, ill with fever. He had only arrived a few days before from Egypt, where he had been serving for over two years, and had only just recovered from a wound received there. The notification was dated the 17th inst., but they have not heard since, and they are hoping that he is recovering.
CALL UP Of FARM HANDS. The Cardiganshire Difficulty. •A number of Cardiganshire- farm hands cailed up for military service have returned their warrants to Brecon and declined to report themselves. We understand that the notices have beSli sent to them again, and that the authorities will take all the necessary steps to secure compliance. The special difficulty in Cardiganshire arises from the fact that the County War Agricultural Executive Committee failed to act on the Ministry of National Service instructions to provide the county's quota of young men en- gaged in farm work, aud as a consequence calling up notices were sent to age groups from the District Recruiting Office at Brecon. Had the Cardiganshire Committee acted on their instructions iu the same way as the Breconshire Committee have done, probably no trouble would have arisen. We hear that a meeting held at Tregaro i on -Tuesday night to protest against the actio i of the recruiting authorities was broken np.
High Prices for Heavy Horses. At Hereford Horse Sale on the 15th instant, three Breconshire breeders made high prices for heavy horses. Mr Morgan Morgan. Aber- llech, Sennybridge, made 142 guineas for a brown gelding, Mr Davies, Three Cocks, 140 guineas for a chentnut mare, awi Messrs Ricketts. Trebarried. 1G3 for a chestnut mare. Ten horses averaged over 150 guineas.
ABERGWESSIN. Mrs. Davies. the Shop, has three boys out of four in the Army. The eldest son, Dick, was badly wounded in France early in the war and was for a long time on crutches but by now he has recovered so that he can walk without them and is doing office work in Grantham. He was home on leave last week. quite cheerful and looking well. Caradog is in France and seeing hard service. The third of the boys who have joined, and the youngest of the sons, has "been on leave before going to France, which he did last week.