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REFORMATORY LADS' ESCAPADE. Captured by Crickhowell Police. At the Abergavenny Police Court Robert Luker and William John Morrison, boys from the Little Mill Reformatory, and both 17 years of age, were charged with ab- sconding from the Reformatory and with breaking and entering the dwelling-house of James Clark, at Glanynant, Llanellen, on the 23rd July, and stealing two jackets and an overcoat. James Clark, a furnaceman at Blaenavon, said be valued the two jackets in question at 7s 6d and the overcoat at 15s. He left them hanging up in the front room on the morning of the 23rd July and missed them on the 24th, when he found the sitting room window open, and a mark on the stone as if someone had got through the window. In the pockets he had a notebook, medical card, "Lloyd George's" card, a dog license, and a few pay tickets. I P.C. Ayland said he traced the boys along the cinal bank to Crickhowell, where he received Luker into custody from the police. Defendant admitted entering the house through the window, which was unfastened, and said "We only took the coats because we were in our shirt sleeves He was in possese,i( n of the purse and pocket-book, and when asked what he had done with the cards aid tickets, said be had torn them up on the canal bank and scattered them about. Wit- ness afterwards discovered the card and pay tickets in pieces scattered about for a mile and a half. That morning he charged both boys with absconding from the Little Mill Reformatory and with breaking and entering the cottage, and they replied "It's quite right." P.C. Trigg said that on Thursday Jast he proceeded to Crickhowell and received Morrison from the custody of the police there. He brought him back to Aberga- venny and charged him with breaking and entering the dwelling house and stealing a coat, and he replied "Right." In reply to the magistrates' clerk, P.C. Ay land said there was no evidence of break- ing into the house. The window was evi- dently open. I Both prisoners were committed for trial at I the Quarter Sessions
u. Marriage of I Lieut G. A. Garnons Williams, R.N. The marriage of Lieut. Gelald Aylmer Garnons Williams, R.N., eldest son of Mr and Mrs Garnons Williams, Rock House, Burry Port. and Miss Enid Eileen Towy Lewis, youngest daughter of Mr and Mrs C W Mansel Lewis, Stradey Castle, took place at All Saints' Church, Llanelly, on Saturday. There was a large attendance. The bride wore a dress of white crepe chiffon over flesh-eolour georgette, embroidered with pearls and orange blossoms, a tulle veil with a wreath of myrtle and orange blossoms, together with a magnificent antique Brussels train. She carried a sheaf of lilies, and wore a pearl necklace, the gift of the bridegroom. The bridesmaids were Miss Guston (Derwydd) and Miss Pryce- Price, who were accompanied by little Miss Marged Howard (daughter of Lady Howard) and Miss Joan Garnons Williams. Mrs C W Mansel Lewis (the bride's mother) and Mrs Garnons Williams (mother of the bride- groom) were also present. The bride was given away by her father, Mr C W Mansel Lewis, J.P., and the bridegroom was attended by his brother, Lieutenant Fenton Garnons Williams, a best man. The Bishop of St David's, assisted by Cation D Watcyn Morgan, officiated, and Mr A W Swindell was at the organ. The choir was present and the service was fully choral. Amongst the guests were the Stradey Castle bouse party, Mr and Mrs Garnons Williams and party, the Hon. Lady Stepney, Lady Howard, Captain and Mrs Morton Evans. Mr and Mrs Pryce-Price, and Mr Mervjn Peel and Miss Peel. The young couple, who received a large number of costly presents, left later in the day for their honeymoon, which itdbeing spent in North Wales.
r Dr. Mary Phillips Lectures at. Builth Wells t Dr Mary Phillips (Breconahire's distin- guished lady doctor) gave a lecture entitled My experiences in Serbia," to the members of the Social Club and others at the Foresters' Halll, Builth Wells, on Friday last. Mrs Bligh, Cilmery Park, who presided, introduced Dr Phillips as one of the pioneers of the women's movement. Dr Phillips, at the outset of her address, explained that when the war began she knew nothing about Serbia, not even how to pronounce its name. She went on to describe the journey to Serbia with a women's hospital unit of 50, accompanied by one man and a boy. The voyage began at Cardiff. At Malta they were able to attend to some of our soldiers, including men of the glorious 29th and Anzacs. An interesting "event here was the catching of a wireless from Germany to America in German, which they were afraid no one could read, hut which was at last interpreted, and conveyed the sad news of the first terrible gas attack by the enemy. After a description of the journey through Bulgaria and of Salonica, and a 'humorous account of a futile endeavour of the inhabi- tants to "fleece" her company (a Scotch unit), Dr Phillips told of the weary waiting in the railway stations and trains. On one occasion they had been told they were to have a complimentary dinner at a certain town at seven o'clock. The train arrived at its destination at eleven o'clock, but even at this belated hour a delightful dinner awaited them as their welcome to Serbia. Dr Phillips described the Serbians as people of remarkably fine physique, and their uniform as one of the finest in the world. Around Nisb much tobacco was grown, and rows of maize with rows of pumpkins in between were often seen. The flora of this district was most beautiful. They were shown a group of 200 graves of soldiers killed by a raid made by Bulgarians Jong before they entered the war. She considered Nish a very ugly town, and i:s streets deplorable. The arrival of a traction engine there caused immense excitement. She next described a Serbian hospital with its Greek and Russian women doctors, the sight of a number of Albanian recruits being brought in, and her attendance at a crowded church at a service in honour of our king's birthday. In this church there were no chairs, all stood, the Government were in the front row, and conversation went on among the congregation while the service was pro- ceeding. From this place the unit received a hasty summons to a typhus hospital. All the company were Boatlerud at the time, and sconting parties were seut out to gather them together bat at thersilway station, when they were ou the poipt of starting, they found two nursea were naming and she (Dr Phillips) had to stay tehind to look after them, as they knew no language bat Eagliah. An interesting account of the joorpey the next day in a troop train followed. On this train, fall of troops, mtiti were sitting (10 the roof with umbrellas to protect themselves frow the burning son. At tbe stopping places people were very kind and brought water, toe which Ltio troops were extremely grateful, but whiob tbe aieaioal women were afraid to accept. The typbua hospital consisted of tents placed on a suitable site, and containing beds for 200 aad a staff of 60, witb Serbian soiaierB and convicts to help tt-etli. The hospital warda were staffed wi'.h Austrian prisoners trjt i'e wetr 42 orderlies, and th-ir service w*s quite jjood. Kerosene of which there JB waa a large quantity, wero used for every domestic porpORe-to oatry milk iu, to bold water for sotubtyng floors, &o. Tbe leoturer spoke ia eulogistic terms of the Serbian people, of their kuowitdae of tbe Otitic türoperament, and bow they seemed to appreciate the Celts more than, tbe Ac^Io-Saxons. Serbia wae a | little country of intense Opatitiatipai it bad kept it* language, Church, and ideals. The lauguage difficulty was a very real one throughout their travels it was possible to fiod 15 different laDgasgeH spoken at a dinner tnhle. With a few words, however, they managed to net on wonderfully with the patients. It waB a dreadfal time. The typhus diss-ftbo bd spisaj until nearly every house had tbe black flasj;, Another difficulty was the obtaining of supplies. There was only one railway iine to Nisb, and all supplies of gone, food, &c, were bronght up on a little light railway and ee?.t on in bollock oatta. Their nnit Lai gone out very Saely fquipped, bat ROOD I.bfrt) was great teed of frt-^h Hupplies. No fiGi>ar was to be hai the re, and whitt was worse, 00 salt. Auioogst the people everyone waR a peanaut proprietor owniog a bouse aod orchard, hot very little agriculture was going on. Much scurvy was prevalent, acd when she asked why they di-A not cultivate the land and produce fre-ii vegetables she received the j grave rep'y, 11 Yon forget we have been I). "af three veate." Every ptibliq building was turued into a hospital, and each bed bad three patients, but iu spite of tbe lack of vegetables they roaijaged, with sorrel and dandelions and tbo drog they had, to cure the scurvy. Ie J cocclui<ior Dr Phillips gave a harrowing des- cription of the woode-ful trek of tbe Serbian I)eoplt" and of the 30 000 schoolboy*, thy pride and hope of the Serbian nAlien, who, during (heir terrible seven wp^ks' marcb to the sea, dwindled down to 15 000, dying on the way of typooid and starvation. Mrs Bligh. in proposing r vote of thank* to tbe lecturer, remarked that all Dr Phillips's sympathies tbroOfihoot the lecture had. teen < with the suffering Serbians, she keepiuK oat of 3 the picture I;d b hardships she herself bad endured. tj Mrs Rem Tborms, in seconding, remarked bow rrDfd they in Builth were of tbe lecturer an » Brt-oot shire woman, AJi Urecoosbirn must be very proad of its diptingaished daughter, wbo bad sacriiiaed much to aiisvi&te tbe nufferiegs of others.
r:: WAR SAVINGS. Brecon makes an Important Move. On Friday evening last a public confer- ence was held in the Guildhall, Brecon, to consider the desirability of forming a War Savings Committee for the town and district. A representative attendance included the Mayor (Mr William Williams), Miss Helen Frazer (from the National War Savings Committee), Alderman David Powell, Coun- cillors C W Best, W F Parry deWinton, G T Jones, Princ. LAwis, the Rev. D J Henry, the Rev. Father Finucane, Dr Shingleton Smith, Messrs John Meredith, John EUndo, A J Corbett, W H Gimson, Hitchcock, W J Knight, Lambert, W J Price, A Leonard, T Maund, W T Lee, &c. There were also a number of ladies present. The Mayor, in opening the meeting, said the object of forming a War Savings Com- mittee was to enable persons to contribute small sums from 6d per week up to 15s 6d, to augment the large sum which bad already been contributed to assist the Government to bring this cruel, this terrible war—un- paralleled in the history of the world-to a I speedy and successful conclusion. (Applause.) If they decided to form such a committee- and he would not call themselves patriotic subjects if they did not-they would have to appoint officers to carry on the work, but he wished to emphasise the fact that no expenses would come out of the aumS/Cou- .tributed. (Applause.) I Miss Helen Frazer, in the course of an admirable address, explained that a war savings' certificate for 168 6d, if held for the full period, was worth £1, and the money was just as available as if it were in the Post-office Savings Bank. The certifi- I cate could be cashed at any time if within 'I the first year, at 15s 6d, at the end of the year at 15s 9d; and a penny per month was added for every month afterwards, so that I at the end of the second year the certificate was worth 16s 9d, and so on. The interest I was free of income tax, and it was not necessary to include it in returns of income. The interest was at the rate of f4 5s 7d per cent. compound in the fifth year, and the largest number of certificates any one indi- vidual might buy-because the interest was so high—was to the value of £500. which was obtained fur 1:387 10s. The work was done through war savings associations, and there was one in Brecon in connection with the Church House already going. Those associations now numbered just under 36,000, with a subscribing membership of between four and five million people per week. The business of a local war savings committee was to promote the for- mation of such associations, and she sug- gested to them that they should t.ke natural groups of people and form associa- tions amongst them schools, churches, workmen's clubs, women's unions, &c. All the books necessary were supplied free of charge, also franked envelopes for corres- pondence. All the work was done volun- tarily, and 1 every penny paid into an association by any member was paid out to him. To give an idea of the magnitude of the operations of existing war savings associations, Miss Frazer mentioned that every year the members bought £119,000,000 worth of certificates, which was put in Exchequer bonds, and over 104,000,000 war savings certificates had been sold. People eaved very much better if they belonged to an aesoeiation, and knew that somebody was waiting to take their money every week. Having promised to save in this way, there was a more conscientious saving, and hundreds of thousands of people were saving through the associations who had never saved before, and who would never save for the interest, but who had been made to feel it was a patriotic duty, and that they were helping their own men at the front as well as the Government. Miss Frazer next disposed of the notion that very small sums were not worth having by showing the enormous total of money that would be obtained in a year if everybody subscribed a penny per day, and also met the objection that might be made that people were already buying certificates through the Post-office by showing that individual mem- bers of a war savings association derived an advantage from the pooling, of the contri- butions, by which means certificates cotjld be purchased much sooner. She pointed out that about 1450 local committees had been established in England and Wales. Mr Leonard was kindly acting as hon. secretary for the county of Brecon until the organi- sation was complete. At the request of Lord Devonport the National War Savings -Committee took up food saving propaganda work, and the result was so successful that there was no need to do it now. In the autumn they would ask their cemmittees to combine in a great war savings campaign. For special propaganda work they would make a grant. They were late in coming to Brecon, but they had been trying to overtake their work with a small staff. In one way it was not too late, because the position now in regard to money was more urgent than ever. There was greater need now for organised saving than ever. And it was pretty certain that the savings move- ment would go on after the war: the ccyn- mittees showed so strong a desire to continue it that she was certain the Treasury would give sympathetic consideration. We were spending between seven and eight millions per day. Some of it was being spent by the Government on goods which were re-sold, and the money would come back, but the war expenditure was from six to seven
I 208th Year of the U f^jFIRB 0PFiCE- FOUNDED 1710. The Oldest Insurance Office in the World. Insurances effected on the following risks frm Mfej Ufd in* FIRE DAMAGE. Resultant Loss of Rent and Profits. E«.ployei>' Liability and Workmen's Compensation ineludiug Accidents to Domestic Servants. Personal Accident. Sickness and Diseuse Fidelity Guarantee, Burglary, Plate Glass J OOAE. AGBNT: 13RECON MR. DAVID POWELL
-0- PROPOSED WELSH EDUCATION COUNCIL. The Llandrindod Conference. A conference of education authorities and others, convened by tlia Central Welsh Board, was held at Llandrindod on Thursday and Friday to consider the Board's proposal for a Welsh National Council for Education. Alderman the Kev f) H Williams, Barry (chairman of the Executive Committee of the Central We\"h Board), presided, supported by Lord'Sheffield. THURSDAY'S PROCEEDINGS. Mr William George (Carnarvonshire) moved the first resolution drafted by the promoters—"That without prejudging in any way the question of control of Univerbiiy education now under consideration by the Royal Commission, the Conference Is of opinion that a Nation*) Council of Eduction for Wales should forthwith be constituted, exercising complete control over elementary, continuation and al! forms of secondary and i technical education in the Principality, and vested with all powers relating to those furms of education in Wales now exercised by the Board of Agriculture fo T.-d Fisheries, the Board of Educatiou, the Central Welsh Board for Intermediate Education, the Secretary of State for Home Affairs, and by any other dep Irtments concerned with education in Wales" in doing so he criticised the members of Parliament for the Principality for tSeir lack of interest in thri movement only one of them (Mr ET John) being present! Mr A Beck with (Breconshire) moved an amendment expressing the view that it was inopportune to formulate any definite scheme until the provisions of the Education Bill were actually before Parliament. The Rev D A Griffith (Breconshire) seconded. The amendment was lost. A further amendment was moved by Breconshire representatives, providing that local educational authorities should not be deprived of the powers they now possess in the control of elementary and secondary education. The Chairman and Lord Sheffield said this was not the intention of the Central Welsh Board, and after discussion Lord Sheffield suggested the omission of the word "complete" in the resolution. This was Accepted by Breconshire and agreed to. Professor Joseph Jones (Breconshire) moved e. further amendment which suggested that the National Council should act as an advisory body in reference to Welsh educa- tion, and Mr W E Jones (Breconshire) seconded. Lord Sheffield and Sir 'Harry Rwichel opp,)sed the amendment, which was lost. Mr Christmas Jones moved a Denbighshire amendment, urging the Government to intro- duce a bill providing for the appoment of a minister responsible to Parliament for Welsh affairs and the establishment of a National Council of Education for Wales. Professor Joseph Jones pointed out. that his county had an amendment on the agenda in favour of the appointment of an Education Secretary for Wales, and the discussion revealed much support for the proposal for a Parliamentary secretary, 'but the Denbigh- shire resolution was not generally acceptable. Mr B T John, M.P., said that to ask for a Parliamentary Secretary was to ask for what was going to be scrapped in Ireland and what Scotland was completely tired of. Finally the principle of this amendment was agreed to and the wording was referred to a committee. FRIDAY. On Friday the following resolution was accepted :—" That his Majesty's Government be respectfully requested in the forthcoming Education Bill to make provision for the creation of a National Council for Education for Wales, and pending the granting of complete autonomy to Wales for the appoint- ment of a Parliamentary Secretary for Education for Wales and Monmouthswire." Mr J E Powell (Wrexham) moved that pending the granting of complete autonomy to Wales, the National Council of Education be a body elected by the authorities at present controlling education in Wales. Professor Joseph Jones seconded. An amendment in favour of election by the people was lost and the original motion i carried. • An Executive Committee was appointed to approach the Prime Minister and President of the Boar I of Education, and it was resolved to ask the Welsh members to accompany it The Committee was also instructed to prepare a draft scheme for a council, to be submitted to a further conference, and Mr Myrddin Evans was appointed secretary. I A further resolutions called attention to the disparity in the education rates of England and Wales, asked for Government grants on the basis of local effort and ability, and for a compulsory uniform basis of valuation of property for rating purposes throughout the country and another deprecated any diminu- tion of popular control over University educa- tion in the Principality and welcomed the disposition of certain county councils to levy an additional rate for free colleges. A resolution in favour of the abolition of all fees in secondary schools and university colleges and of educational facilities in each locality being made uniformly adequate and efficient as far as practicable met with con- siderable opposition and was deferred.
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RHEUMATiSMHUONEY TROUBLE. Rheumatism is dne to uric acid crystals in the joints and tnascJesi, the rc-ptilt of SKces^ive uoid acid in the system that the kidneys failed to remove as nature intended, to whijb every gaalified physician -av.res, and this acid is also tbe cause of backache, lambagof poiaticia, goct urinary trouble, stone, gravH, and dropsy. Estora Tablets, » thoroughly harmless speci- fic based on modern medicinal science, are the eooceosful and have cured t'nmberlee3 obstinate caers after the failure of all other tried remedies, which acoounts for their Hupersoding out-of-date medicines sold at a price beyond all but the wealthy. Women frequency soff-r from iilg, achss and painp, nnder the impression that they are victims of ailments cornojoo to their sex, but more often than not it iq dOA to the kidnpVH nod in such c."se; E-,Iora Tablets will ""f:t, them right. Estora TabIFts-an honest; remedy at an hooeefi price—1/3 per box of 40 tablets. o hiz for 6s 9d. All chemists, or postage free from Estora Co., 132 Charing Croes Road, Loudon, W.C. Brecon Agent WALTER OWILLIM, M.P.S., Medical Hall; Builth Wells Agent-T. A. Coltman, M.P.S. The^harujacy.
LLANWRTHWL BRIDGE. Rhayader District Council's Views. At the monthly meeting of the Rhayader Rural District Council, held on Wednesday last, the Rev D L Thomas asked what had been done with regard to Llanwrfchwl Bridge. The Chairman (Mr B P Lewis) replied that the matter had been discussed by repre- sentatives of the Breconshire and Radnorshire County Councils, and the bridge would have to be repaired jointly between the two authorities. The County Surveyor for Radnorshire was of opinion that the portion of the bridge belonging to Radnorshire was safe enough for ordinary traffic. Mr E E Thomas observed that when the bridge" was examined by the surveyors for both counties three or four of the planks were broken. The Chairman said the County Surveyor for Radnorshire had promised that the bridge should be attended to when necessary, and he was aware that Mr Morgan Lloyd had carried out some repairs recently. He I strongly objected to carry out repairs in a piece meal fashion, as it was a very expensive way of doing any work. The argument offered for delaying thorough repair was that timber cost so much at present. Mr Evan Morgan asked if the Surveyor considered the bridge in its present condition safe for traffic. The Chairman The Surveyor said he would see that it is kept safe for traffic. Mr Evan Morgan further asked who was responsible in case of accident, and if the Llaawrthwl Parish Council had taken up the matter. Mr E E Thomas said they had talked about it, but they had taken no active part. The Rev D L Thomas said he understood that the bridge was alright but the planks across it were rotten. He thought if the Radnorshire County Council bad the Radnor- shire side done, they might be able to force Breconshire to do their portion. The Chairman Are you afraid of the Breconshire County Council ? Mr Thomas No. The Chairman said he felt that if pressure was brought to bear on the Breconshire County Council to do their share the work would be done. The Rev D L Thomas asked if they could assume that the Radnorshire Council were prepared to do their share if the Breconshire Council could be prevailed upon to do their part. The Chairman answered in the affirmative. It was fibally agreed to approach the Chairman of the Main Roads and Bridges for the County of Brecon.
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I l millions a day, including loans. Of that sum we were raising about twomillions in revenue by heavy taxation, and it wa a questionable point how much more we could raise in that way and still keep secure. We had been finding a good deal of the money by living on our past saving's, but that was not an inexhaustible source. We had been living on our savings by commandeering; securities and selling them in America, and that could not go ou for ever. Also we had lived on our gold we did that especially in the first two years of the war, shipping about five years' production of gold out of the country in that time. We had borrowed, of course, as well. Our resources were not getting bigger, they were getting rather less. America was still lending us money, but we ought not to borrow more than we could help there because of the interest to be paid. The only other way was to get the money from our own people. The Treasury at this moment had outstanding bills almost as heavy as they were when we floated the thousand million war loan. Owing to the submarine campaign it was with difficulty we imported all the material we needed, and with the Government bidding and the people bidding for what they did not really need, neither people nor country got value for money. The one fundamental way to help was to get people to limit their purchases to reasonable necessities of living and carrying on their work and every individual they could ioce to save 15: 6d and hand it over to the Government was doing that funda- mental thing, by banding over that value and saving labour and material they would otherwise use up. The more we could divert labour and material to this struggle the more swiftly we should end it. They appealed to people to deny themselves she did not use the word sacrifice, because she liked to keep that for the men and those who lost them. (Applause). What did we know of the war compared with the countries that had been ridden over by a conquering enemy and subjected to every tragedy and horror ? We had been saved from that, whereas our men bad given themselves in tens of thousands, and the one unthinkable thing g was that through any weakness of ours the country should get into a position where it would make an incomplete and unsatisfactory peace. (Applause). Mr Best remarked that there was- nothing that should appeal to the public more than this question of war savings, both from the prtriotic and economic point of view. Brecon as a town had done as well as any town, perhaps better than many of its size, in send- ing men to the front. (Hear, bear). Brecon had made a good number of sacrifices, but there was a great deal that could be done, even with their small means, in helping towards the ultimate result by this war savings scheme. Mr W F Parry deWinton proposed that a war savings committee be formed for the Brecon school district. Principal Lewis seconded and it was carried. The nucleus of the cOIittee was then formed. Later it will be enlarged by a representative of each war savings association formed. The five members of the Town Council who were appointed a committee some months ago to consider the question of war economy were elected members, viz., Aldermen E H Wright and David Powell, and. Messrs W F Parry deWinton, C W Best, and G T Jones; also the Bishop of Swansea, Mr T Jones, Mr W H Gimson and Mr W J Knight (president and secretary of the Chamber of Trade), Principal Lewis, Mr A J Corbett, Mr Bevan (a6 a railwaymen's representative), and Mrs Weaver Price. Mr Corbett and Principal Lewis were appointed hon. secretaries. Alderman David Powell proposed a vote of thanks to Miss Frazer for her very lucid and instructive address. 4 He remarked that they came there to be taught and they were going away a little wiser-They knew more about the requirements of war savings than they did when they came. He also pro- posed a vote of thanks to the Mayor for presiding. Principal Lewis seconded and the compli- ment was sincerely ptid.