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;AGRICULTURAL NOTES. j

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AGRICULTURAL NOTES. BY A PRACTICAL FARMER. CALF AND PIG FEEDING. oaConfirmation of the great value of crushed ,s and separated milk in the rearing of comes from some experiments which Wing carried on at the Holmes Farm ol West of Scotland College of Agriculture i determine the most economical method of calves. e fu the first experiment sixteen Ayrshire Ves, divided into four lots, all of which fed. for the first four weeks on whole only, were gradually put on the follow- £ rations: Lot 1, separated milk with sh-ed oats; lot 2, separated milk with maize lot 3, whey with home-made calf-meal; J1** lot 4, whole milk. From the age of eight ^ks onwards all the calves received an allow- Cne of finely-broken linseed cake and hay. occlusions are based on the results of twelve ^^ks' careful feeding and weighing, but that j Period is not yet completed in the case of j 4, which so far shows a relatively high cost j feeding as well as great increase in weight. I,, fed on separated milk and crushed oats, ,J0ws the highest average increase in weight week throughout the experiment, while | L rjj* actual cost of feeding is not piuch higher I' ^8!] that of the other lots, and' the average only a fraction over 2id. per pound in- f Cpease per week. I another test, of three different methods of j fading pigs, forty-eight pigs, divided into 1 '■ee lots, are being fed on whey, along with following mixture of meals: Three parts raiz« meal and two parts thirds- and one part prley meal (2 £ lb. meal to 1 gallon whey). i receive their meal dry; lot 2 receive, in Edition to the dry meal, fisdimeal; and lot 3 jl^eive their meal scalded with boiling water. *lsh meal, it is found, adds very greatly to the Jjjtiritive qualities of the food supplied, and h cost is almost negligible. In lot 1 the t'VIerage increase per week has been 81b.. at a ,to-t of 3£d. per lb. in lot 2, 91b., at 2|lb. 4 2 r lb. and in lot 3, only 7ilb., at a cost of per lb. ft FARRIERS AND LABOUR. I sav to the highest-skilled men in agri- ^ltnj-e—the foremen, stockmen, carters, ?^eplierds, engine-dTivers, thatchers, and ^aeksmiths: If you leave your present post go- into the Army or Navy or into a muni- factory your motives may be good but tou-r judgment is wholly bad, and you can Perform a greater service to England to-day Y staying where you are than by going any- where else." It would be impossible, I think, to find a better and stronger defence of the farmer's kild protests against the enlistment of his killed hands than these words, which were I ntly uttered by Lord Selborne, the Presi- ell.t of the Board of Agriculture. There Wa,P,, however, some little reproach in other ^Baarlcs of his, though the farmer is no more to blaIne. than any other employer in not being very readv as a rule to turn to new sources of labour There have been a great number of wiling to volunteer their services, and *^ry few farmers have availed themselves of *«ose services. There has also been a con- siderable amount of volunteer labour offered, again many farmers have not availed joerriselves of these volunteers. I think," said Selboroe, I shall be able to show from example of farmers who liave used women Qd unskilled voluntary labour during the P^st few weeks that a great deal can be done trough such means under the direction of farmer himself. The farmer also has not accustomed to make use of the Labour ^change. It has been outside his sphere of {^rations, and although the Labour Ex- 3'inge has been \ery anxious to help liim, has been no contract between the Ex- a8e and the farmer. Lord Kitchener, under certain restrictions, *S willing to put military labour at the dis- mal of the fanner, and that labour has been to a very considerable extent, though in trying degree in different parts of the conn- Jv"- But 1 do not think anything like as i 1^eh use has been made of it as might have }sor was there any machinery before thing was settled by the War Office to cii- farmers to give a criticism of the condi- under which the War Office was pre- ted to lend the assistance of soldiers. There- i;,l"e, while the farmer will have great difficulty *j* the rnatter of labour, there are various ■Otirees from which labour may be drawn." THE DAIRY SHOW. i The British Dairy Farmers' Association ts?Ve now issued' the prize list for the Dairy jjw> to be held at the Royal Agricultural Islington, on- October 19th, 2t)rh, 21st, J-'d 22nd. Whilst deciding to. continue the how the association has necessarily been CMige<] to lower the prizes somewhat, »•> de- T^iled below; but exhibitors should give it all J?* support they can as a mark of their -appie- .lation of the society's efforts to keep this D'Structive exhibition going in war time. A Inparison of this year's prize list with that Jj 1914 shows that the classes are practical!} same, but there are a few omissions. The classes for cows and heifers are exactly last year, but there is an appreciable de- base in. the prizes for the milking trials, i^e being reduced in some classes from |, r,^ (first), £ 10 (second), and £5 (third), to c I. 1ft 0, X5. and £ 3 respectively, whilst where r t year they were £15., £ 10, and £ 5, they are f j w' £ 7, £ 4, and £ 2. Further, in the case of j^'sey heifers. Kerry and Dexter cows, the /^Pection; prizes are now £ 5, £ 3. and £ 2. ?8a.inst £ 7, £ 4, and £ 2. The bull classes and Tetter tests are as last year, as are the classes prizes for goats. Y The cheese section will this year lack the I _o -at-iot-. Mayor and Corporation* of London's hampion Cup, and there will be no cham- P^n.ship for cheese, whilst there are n umer- but .sligiit reductions in the amount of the ^izes offered. The bacon aixl ham classes on the same lines a-#last year, -and with exception that Colonial butter is mow pro- Vlded with two classes only, instead of two for Australian and New Zealand, the r^ter classes are again the same, but the are lower. There are no classes for t. Elections of dairy produce. I I. CONTINUOUS CROPPING. | jyA very interesting statement by Sir Horace r*;Ullkett is made in a report of a Depart- Committee on Food Production in Ire- He says: "While I am convinced that 5 Oiore productive agriculture depends chiefly t Pon a- reorganisation of the whole business1 of Jfi^ng, such reorganisation must be con- Q-ered in connection with the system of culti- ^tion it is to subserve. So I will now give my ^a8ons for believing that continuous crop- jlrig> as it is called, gives every promise of an in the production of food. j^This system was brought before the Com- ^ittee by "Mr. T. Wibberley, himself a prac- farmer with considerable qualifications ? the scientific side. He maintained that it far better suited to the climatic con- fftlu°ns ^s country" than the ordinary Nor- jj rotation, and' that the change can be igu.n at almost any time of year. By ad-opt- it the farmer can reduce substantially the f an.tity of artificial fertilisers and imported j^eding" stuffs he usually has to buy, and can fj^ble and even treble his production of food, great increase of forage crops (which can q converted into meat, milk, and butter) 8 110ti it- is claimed, preclude a simul- 5opsUS increase in tlie production of grain J tie system depends, absolutely for its sue- itiSs "Upon the use of modern implements and ac«inery, with which, the statistics show,. lar8'e farmers are singularly iil equipped, th great majority of small farmers are wholly unknown. The most important tj 'Tnent made by Mr. Wibberley was that Will implements, by economising labour. eI make it much more efficient while it will ihi re|idered much less toilsome by the added \pjp 'of the work. In the result, laboui iw* much better paid and an increase ol "will be assured to the farmer. anticipations are based on a good °f diversified experience. Several country ti etnen have, under Mr. Wibberley's ad. 'iW °^eT1 up grass lands and1 tried con- tkf croPPing during the last two years, r^whole they are well satisfied witJi the

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