BRECON. ALL kinds of Insurances effected. Agent for several first-class Companies.—Williams, Accoun- tant, Insurance and General Agent, Sennybridge, and 6, Bulwark, Brecon. EWART WISE is giving better valne than ever in TOILET GOODS (address 34 High Street). STRAWBERRIES, Loganberries, Raspberries, Currants, etc., freshly picked every morning. Lowest prices.—Meredith and Sons, Stores, Brecon. HARVEST BEER at 101 per gallon in 9 and 18 gallon casks.—Meredith and Sons, Stores, Brecon. HOSPITAL FOR FOUNTAIN PENS.—Any make Pen quickly and cheaply repaired by the Pen Experts-A. HUGHES & SON, Brecon. AN OLD FAVOURITE.—CHARLES' ELECTRIC CORN CURE never fails; 9!d and Is lid, by post Id extra.—-Gwillim (late Charles), Medical Hall, Brecon. CYCLES. We are Sole Agents for the Raleigh, James, and Sunbeam Cycles prices from Y,4 17s 6d to JE15 15s. An iDspection of New Models respectfully solicited.—MEREDITH & SONS, Brecon. FOR BRECONSHIRE MEN. -The most satisfactory Collar, well made-called "BRECKNOCK"—and obtained only at WATTS, The Clothier. For Best Qaalicy MANGEL, SWEDE and TURNIP SEED try MEREDITH and SONS, 8, High street, and Liou street, Brecon. You DON'T NEED MAGNIFYING GLASSES to hunt out the values at my stores. They are all round you, wherever you look-real, dependable values, such as are the delight of the house-, wife. All things good to eat are to be found in my store, everything of the highest quality, and everything most reasonably priced.—W.MORRIS, the Reliable Grocer, 17, Bridge Street, Brecon. IF YOUR HAIR IS FALLING, stop it by using EWART WISE'S Special Acetone Scalp Lotion. MEMBERS of the Liverpool Victoria Friendly Society will hear of something to their advan. tage by applying to B. C. Woods, Castle street, Brecon. THE WAR EXCITEMENT is trying to the nerves. Let me soggeati that you try a cup of ] MORRIS' 2a. TEA. This celebrated Tea will quiet and steady the nerves as no other beverage can. Just you try it.—William Morris, the Value-giving Grocer, 17, Bridge street, Brecon. BRECON YEOMAN ON DUTY. Mr Burt Elston, of Brecon, who is a non-commissioned officer in the Shropshire Yeomanry, has joined his regiment. ABANDONED'-The Chamber of Trade outing, fixed for the 19tb inst., has been abandoned. As USUAL—There were no cases for hearing at the Brecon County Petty Sessions on Friday. This is not an exception to the rule-the excep. tion is to have a case at this court. NEATH AND BRECON RAILWAY.—After paying interest on the "First," "Al," and "A2" deben- ture stocks for the half-year ended June 30ch there remains an available balance of approxi- mately £ 8,231, out of which the directors pro- pose to pay the half-year's interest to Jane 30 on the "B" debenture stock on August 12, carrying forward 9,3,789. DRINK AND DESTRUCTION.—At the Borough Police Court, on Monday-before Messrs T. E. Trew and C. J. E. Large-Alfred Morris, a Special Reservist (S.W.B.), of 35 Greenhill St., Swansea, was charged with maliciously damaging a plate glass window at the King's Arms Hotel to the extent of f4 17s. 6d.—Mr Wotton, landlord of the King's Arms, said the defendant came to his house drunk on Saturday afternoon. Witness tried to persuade him to go to the Depot, but without success. Defend- ant afterwards smashed a window with a stick, and was held by another man or probably woald have done further mischeif. The amount of damage, £4 17a. 63., was insured.- P.C. Wm. Davies gave corroborative evidence. —Defendant said he did not remember what happened.—In leply to Mr Trew, P.S. Williams said the Military Authorities had been informed and would had been represented at Court, no doubt, if thoy had wished to take defendant over.—The Bench sent Morris to gaol for three weeks with bard labour. TOMATOES, POTATOES, &3., fresh daily from our own gardeias.-Quarrell, High-street. DRUNKENNESS.—At the Police Station on Tuesday-before Mr H. CRich-John Osborne, 10, Well-street, Cardiff, labourer, and a Special Reservist, who joined the previous day, was charged with being drunk. P.C. Davies gave evidence, and defendant was ordered to be detaitel p nding the arrival of a military escort frf m 'he barracks. CHUBOH LADS' BRIGADE.—A Company of the Brecon Church Lads' Brigade, under the com- mand of Assistant-Chaplain Rev. T. Aneurin Davies, spent eight days under canvas at Dawlisb, South Devon. This was their second visit to the pretty Davon resort. It is an ideal place for a camp, as it commands a magnificent view of sea and laiad. There were in all over 1,000 lads assembled, drawn from all parts of South Western England and South Wales. The Welsh lads, numbering about 400, were under the command of Major Donaldson, of Swansea. Each day's work began soon after day-break, and, excepting intervals for coffee and biscuits and breakfast, continued until mid-day. Early rising is a feature of camp life. Daring the week the camp was visited by hundreds of people, who were much struck with the provision made for the moral and physical welfare of the lads. There were at least 1,500 people present on Sacday at the evening charch parade, when a moving address, delivered in a trae Welsh style, was given by the Rev. Griffith Thomas, Carmarthen. Perhaps tbo most important day of the week was Wed- nesday, when the lads were engaged in a sham fight on Dartmoor. It was II gloriooB sommfr's day. The peaceful expanse of heather and bracken was soon disturbed by loud reports of gun-firing, as attackers and defenders got into close touch. It seemed as if the ulambering moot bad been transformed into a veritable Liege, for the lads looked in deadly earnest, like the gallant Belgians, bent on the slaughter of the Germans. It was evident that the "war fever" had taken hold of the Welsh boys. The oamp will ever live in the memory of the lads. The outbreak of war with Germany raised their enthusiasm to the highest pitch. Patriotic songs, such as "Rale Britannia," were sung with much gusto. A telegram was sent to His Majesty King George expressing the devotion and loyalty of the lads, and their readiness to perform any duties that might be assigned to them. His Majesty very graoionsly sent a telegram in reply, thanking effisers and lads for their loyalty and offer of service. The war soon bad its effect upon camp. The Brigadier, Colonel Elton, was called away to resume the command of his regiment, the Third Battalion Welsh Regiment; then the Brigade Majors, the camp doctor and bis staff, the camp cooks, and about 100 of the lads answered the call to serve their country. They were ali given arousing,send-off. Indeed, the camp was an object- lei-sc n,, I the patriotism and the unity of Britons in the face of a common foe. Rumour had it that when the Brecon lads were on night guard German spies had been seen, who wisely beat a hasty retreat when challenged by the Welsh soalwarta. Tbio year, again, the Brtccn Com p my won the S. David's shieiu lor proficiency aDd stearin JSH in drill, and the lads under the charge of Sergt. Kingdom obtained medals for the best kept tent in the lina. H rebounds to the credii of tbe Brecon Coinpauy »hit year after year their tents are looked upon as patterns of w-ll-kept tents. The la,48 returned home on Fridiy evening, and, hcaue:' by thsir bugle-band, marched from the station through streets lined with admiring crowds to the Church House, where they wexe dismissed. INFIRMARY ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.—Eggs, flow- ere, jam, and postal order 3s. from Llangattock Sunday Sohooi per the Rev R M Cole-Harailton fruit, Miss Williams, Peupont, and Mrs Me Clintock flowers and cakes, Miss Bevan, Ely Tower flowers and magazines, Mrs A Mit chell; eg'i* find medicine bottles, Mrs Garnons Williams; ilower-o, Mrs Jonea Williams: fruit and flowers, Mrs Christy; flowers, Mrs Napier- J Sturt, The Hon Mrs Morgan, Boughrood; periodicals, Rev Tertius Phillips, Mrs Senior. WaLsH SUMMBR SCHOOL SOCIAL EVENING.— On Saturday evening last the lecturers, stu. dents, and a few friends of the Welsh Summer School met for a special evening in Christ College. An interesting programme bad been prepared by the entertainments committee, but the musical part of it was postponed when news was brought of the death of Sir Edward Antvy 1. Mr S J Evans, Llangefni, made a touching reference to the great loss which had befallen the Welsh Summer School and the country in general. His vote of sympathy with the family of the late professor was sup- ported by Mr B Samuel, Aberystwytb, and was passed unanimously. Thanks are due to the Rev R H Chambers, Headmaster of Christ College, who has rendered the school every possible assistance, not only on this occasion, but throughout the visit. Refreshments were partaken of, and the evening passed very pleasantly, although of necessity very quietly. The other doiugs of the school are reported in another column. WORKHOUSE MASTBR AND MATRON. SHORT LIST.-At a special meeting of the Brecon Board of Guardians held. on Tuesday, the following were placed on the short list, out of 32 appli- cations, to be interviewed for the post of master and matron of the workhouse:—Mr and Mrs Reginald Provost Perkins, master and matron of the Chiswick Workhouse; Mr and Mrs An- thony Bigwood, master and matron of the Calne Union Workhouse; Mr and Mrs Benja- min Prosser Thomas, porter and cook res- pectively of the Llanelly Workhouse. HOItTICULTURAL.-At the Flower Show held last week Mr D Hill, Priory Row, won a silver medal for the most prizes gained in the show. Ex MILITIAMAN IN TROUBLE.—At the polioe court yesterday morning, John Mitchell, of no fixed abode, an ex-militiaman, was charged with being drunk the previous day. P.C. Newell proved the case. Defendant was ordered to pay the costs, 4/6.
BUILTH WELLS. FOR ART WORK, Illaminated Addresses, Church Decorating, Pictures Cleaned and Restored. Portraits and Landscapes in oil, water colours or black and white. Tapestry painting to enrich the panels of interiors. A thing of beauty is a joy for ever." All that training, intelligence and experience can do are at your command. Eitimates free. F. D. B. George, Builth Wells. Reference for work lately executed: Rev David Owen (late Vicar ol Alltmawr). ABANDONED.—Builth Wells Races, fixed for yesterday (Wednesday) were abaudoned owing to the War, and for the same reason the, Agricultural Show, fixed for next Wednesday,' I has also been abandoned. At a meeting of the committee of the latter body, held on Monday, it was decided to return subscriptions. RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL.—At a meeting of this Council on Monday, the application of the road men for an increese of wages was defefred for two months. It was agreed that an engineer be engaged to get out plans and specifications for the new bridge at Abergweasin. COUNTY COURT.—At the County Court on Thursday an action brought by Mr William Hacoer, Tanhouse terrace, against Mr J. P. Pugh, the exacutor to the will of Mr William Meredith, late of Tanhouse, Builth Wells, was heard. The claim was for C79 12s 6d, and £ 20 had beea paid into c urt —Mr A. Gwynne Yaughan w(!s for plaintiff.—Judgment was given for plaintiff for 3;50, with costs.
TALYBONT-ON-USK. SHOW ABANDONEI) --O-,N-in(, to the outbreak of the war T-alybont Flower Show, fixed for to day (Thursday), has been abandoned. <
FACTS ABOUT FUR. The costliest sable is the Yakutsk (Russian) skin that runs "silvery"—that has, in other words, a number of equally-distributed white or silvery hairs among tlie soft and silky brown ones. Such skins, of the average size of 15in. by 5in., are worth 750dol. apiece. The black silver fox is most valuable when there is no silver in it—when it is a pure rich black throughout. Ermine, contrary to the general belief, cleans well, and is an exceed- ingly durable fur. Sea otter skins measure .j? 48in. by 24in. The best colour is a dark bluish brown, almost black. A perfect skin in this colour is worth 4,090dol. Fisher grows more and more popular. It is a large marten found in Canada and the Northern United States. The skin measures 30in. by 12in. The best colours, which resemble fine sable, are worth about ISOdol. per skin.
<f. i I Your King and Country I NEED YOU A CALL I TO ARMS An addition of 100,000 men to His Majesty's Regular Army is immedi- ately necessary in the present grave National Emergency. Lord Kitchener is confident that this appeal will be at once responded to by all those who have the safety of our Empire at heart. TERMS OF SERVICE General Service for a period of 3 years or until the war is concluded. Age of Enlistment between 19 & 30. HOW TO JOIN Full information can be obtained at any Post Office in the Kingdom or at any Military Depot. I GOD SAVE THE KING. I i
HAY. BREDWARDINE PETTY SESSIONS, Monday, before Messrs W. M. Baylis, C. E. Tnnnard- Moore and D. F. Powell.-Alberb Williams, Pit fares, Dorstone, was summoned by Mr E. A. Watkins, Taxation officer, Hereford, for shooting a pheasant out of season and was fined 10/-including cost.—James Blankiu, The Standard, Moccas, farm assistant and Frank Rogers, New Court, Moccas, chauffeur, were fined 2/6 each, to include costs, for riding cycles without lights at Bredwardine on July 29th. INTERCESSORY SERVICE.—On Tuesday even- ing last a solemn service of Intercession was held in the Parish Church and there was a crowded congregation. The service was pre- faced with an address from the Vicar, the Rev. J J deWinton. The special form of service was then taken with special hymns and psalms, with intervals of silent prayer, concluding with the National Anthem, sung kneeling. A collec- tion was taken in aid of the Local War Fund. LIBERAL CLUB —On Tuesday last the final games of the tennis and bJwls tournaments were played on the Liberal Club courts, and by the kindness of Mr and Mrs R T Griffiths all those present partook of tea. Mrs Griffiths provided prizes for tennis, Miss Robinson,, daughter of Mr Robinson, M.P., giving the first, and Miss Davies was the recipient. A Aery keen match was played, the second prize going to Miss Marwood. The final of the bowls resulted-Ivor Jamrs 21, B Howard 20.
LLANWRTYD WELLS. SHEEP DOG TRIAL SUCCESS.—Mr D. W. Morgan, of Llanwrtyd Wells, divided -first and second prizes with another owner in class 1 of the Pontardulais Sheep Dog Trials on Friday. AUCTION MART. Our fortnightly stock auction, held on Wednesday in last week, was again well attended. There was a plentiful supply of sheep and lambs, and all the pens were praotioally cleared. The following were the prices:—Fat lambs 21s to 28s, store lambs 14s to 258 Small Welsh lambs 13s to 18a. Cows and calves f.14 to V17. Barren 413 to JE16. The trade in pigs was slow. THE AUGUST CROWD.—The majority of the holiday-makers made their exit on Friday and Saturday last. It has not been the same jolly crowd as in previous years, and the incessant rain on Saturday and Sanday did not add to their comfort. THEFT OF A RUG.-At the Police Court, on Monday, before Dr. Black Jones (in the chair), Mr J T Evans and Mr Evan Price, William Dean, Llwyucadwgn Farm, Beulah, tramping labourer, was charged with stealing a carriage rug, the property of Mr John Williams, Cilmaengwyn Farm, Pontardawe. It appears Mr Williams was staying in Llanwrtyd and his trap was left at the Neuadd Arms Hotel, from which place the rug was missed on Sunday. Sergeant Edwards, of Llanwrtyd, arrested the prisoner at Beulah, and he directed the sergeant to a barn at Brynarth Farm, where it was found on the top of the hay.-Prisoner pleaded guilty and was sentenced to one month's hard labour. THE CALL TO ARMS.-Our Yeomanry and Territorials have received most enthusiastic "sends-off." Crowds, numbering some hun- dreds, have accompanied them to the Railway Station. Large sums of money were collected for the men on each occasion. On the signal. ling of the trains patriotic songs were indulged in and continued until the train was lost to view.
BRONLLYS WEDDING.—An interesting wedding took place at Eyebrow, Sask, Canada on Monday, July 27th, when Lucy, the third daughter of Mr and Mrs Davies, "Slwcb," Bronllys, was married to Mr John Flock,' of Caron. The bride was attended by her sister, Miss Edith Davies, and the officiating clergyman was the Rev. F. W. Westwood, a personal friend of the bride's familYr After the ceremony Mr and Mrs Jack Flack left in their car for a fortnight's tour in Saskatoon.
SCIENCE NOTES AND NEWS. r SPAN OF HUMAN LIFE. Professor Fisher, of Yale University, has expressed the opinion that within another seven or eight centuries nobody will die be- fore the age of 100, and by the year 4,000 the average span of human life will be about 250 years. Women, it appears, will attain these patriarchal ages in greater proportion than men, for Professor Fisher declares, since Pas- teur's discovery in bacteriology, life has been lengthened by five years in the case of men and by six years in that of women. COOLING WATER WITHOUT ICE. To cool water without using ice, get a slender glass test tube from any drug store. Half fill it with nitrate of ammonia salts, fill up with water, cork tightly. Shake till the salt is dissolved. Be careful to wipe the out- side of the tube dry in order that all traces or the nitrate may be removed. Place this tube into a glass of water and agitate as you would a spoon. The water is rapidly chilled. The nitrate of ammonia, salts can be bought Pat any drug store. This is a far better way of cooling water than putting ice in it. BURGLARS' MICROPHONE. The microphone has been used by burglars for picking combination locks. On turning the lock a slight sound is made when the proper number comes opposite the working point, and this can even be heard by a sensi- tive ear. However, it is imperceptible to most persons, but by using a microphone it is an easy matter to hear the sounds. A suit- able form of flat telephone receiver is em- ployed, and it is applied against the safe next the lock. A pair of rubber ear tubes are used with the telephone. In this way the sounds are heard which allow of opening the lock. HEAT FROM FLAMELESS COMBUSTION. Flameless combustion of gas for the pur- pose of producing heat in usable form is made possible by a burner that has been patented by a Chicago inventor. The purpose of the invention is to obtain the highest possible temperature from the combustion of a mixture of gas and air without the danger of backfire or explosion that accompanies such combus- tion in a flame. The construction of the burner allows the current of gaseous mixture, flowing with great velocity, to pass through heated tubes made of a substance such as a combination of thorium and uranium oxides, which becomes incandescent through contact with the gas mixture, and gives off intense heat without flame. I ALTITUDE AFFECTS MUSCULAR POWER. Two French scientists, after long tests with squirrels in rotary cages, determined that at the sea level a squirrel would revolve the wheel 6,700 times a day. The animals were then carried in their cages to the top of Mont Blanc, 15,782ft. in altitude, and carefully ob- served. The squirrels made but 900 revolu- tions a day n the wheels. After a consider- able time they were again brought down to sea level, where they regained some portion of their former strength, the number of revo- lutions rising to 5,000 per day. This series of experiments demonstrates that the fatigue felt by Alpine climbers is not due wholly to their muscular exertions, but that the alti- tude has a great deal to do with it. ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE AT GREAT HEIGHTS. It is usually supposed that at great heights .the pressure of the air is almost negligible, but the application of an ingenious method indicated by Ramsay gives interesting results. He asserts that the green line characteristic of the spectrum of krypton remains visible under a pressure of 0*000035 millimeters of mercury. Now this green lino is found in the spectra of the aurora borealis and it seems to be well established that this exists fre- quently at altitudes between 100 and 200 miles, and even sometimes up to nearly 500 miiles. But krypton is one of the heaviest gases in our atmosphere. It would seem, therefore, that the density of the air at these altitudes is by n'o means negligible, as what- ever the cause may be of the presence of krypton there, it could not remain there un- less the air possessed an appreciable density. SMOKE RING'S LESSON. We may gain some idea of the modern notion of the constitution of matter, writes John W. N. Sullivan, in the Scientific Ameri- can, by considering rings that some tobacco smokers are able to produce. A smoke ring is produced by setting part of the air in a par- ticular kind of motion, a motion at once of rotation and translation, which then travels through the air as if it were a separate object. In the case of a smoke ring the little particles of smoke caught up in the air travel with it and enable us to trace its progress. We have set up a local modification of the air, which then takes on a more or less per- manent existence and travels through the air as if it were some solid body. If the air were continuous and frictionless, the smoke ring would last for ever, and could, in conjunction with other smoke rings, build up systems which would manifest the properties of mate- rial bodies. Now, a continuous and frictionless medium does exist, to wit, the ether. The ether per- meates all space, and is the universal carrier of energy, whether in the form of X-rays, light rays, heat rays, or rays of electricity. An electron, then, is regarded as some modi- fication of part of this universal medium; it is entirely composed of ether, and is yet dif- ferent from the ether, much as a smoke ring is composed of air and yet travels through it as an independent body. So that the old philosophic puzzle as to the atomic constitu- tion or continuity of matter here receives an answer which embraces both solutions. Mat- ter is continuous, since it is one with the ether; and matter is atomic, since it is built up of small particles which are separate from one another. THE EVOLUTION OF MATTER. The atoms of matter are built up out of electrons much as our solar system is built up out of planete. In each case there is a central body; in the case of the solar system it is the sun, and in the case of the atom it is a change of positive electricity. Circulat- ing round this central change are a number of negative electrons, the whole system con- stituting an atom of matter. By a consider- ation of the different systems which can be built up in this way, we can account for many of the properties manifested by the chemical elements. But in regarding the atom as built up in this way there is one fact which must strike us as of unusual significance. On this theory matter is not stable. We have already pointed out that rotating electrons radiate energy, and here we consider an atom as built, up of a system of rotating electrons. So that an atom is not a stable affair. Energy cannot be radi- ated indefinitely without a fundamental transformation of some kind occurring. We should expect the atom to break up eventu- ally into some simpler form. The phenomena of radio-activity show us that this is precisely what does occur. In an atom of radium we have a system which is in process of disintegration. The radium atom is breaking up and ceasing to exist as radium. Elements of less atomic weight, the results of its destruction, form in its place. But they also, although more stable, are not permanently stable. They, tc*, must break up and disappear, to give place to still simpler elements. This process cannot cease till the atom is resolved into its constituent electrons, but side by side with this disinte- gration of matter we have a synthesis, of which we have the clearest evidence in the stars. The older and cooler stars contain more complicated chemical elements than the hotter and younger stars, and the conclusion is irresistible that we are in the presence of a gigantic evolution of matter from its primi- tive source in the universal ether. Side by side with death we have birth, and the universe moves through ceaseless cycles from decay to a fresh renewing.
MARKETS GUIDE. Trade and Prices. BRECON General, Friday.—Good supply and prices kept well down, notwithstanding tb' war. Quotations :-Butter Is Id per lb, eggs and 10 for Is, 11 wholesale plenty of good cooking apples at 2d per lb, chickens 59 to 6s t per couple, ducks 5s 6d to 7s 6d per couple rabbits 6d and 9d each. w TALGARTH, General, Friday.—There was t a larger supply and prices were down fot t poultry. Eggs, Id. each butter, lid. and Is- per lb.; dressed fowls, 4s 6d. to 6s. Od. couple t ducks, 5s. to 6s. 6d.; rabbits, 6d. each applet ld. lb.; gooseberries, ld. qt.; whim terries, 6d. qt.; plums, 2d. and 3d. lb. HEREFORD, Cattle, Wednesday.-Better supply and prices easier. In fact, owing to large imports and foreign meat supply of beef was too big for demand and prices dropped very considerably-about a balf-penny per lb-* best averaging Sid., inferior quality 6-1d. to 7d.J 2 wether mutton Sid. per lb., against 9d. and gid. last week lambIJ also cheaper, Sid. to 9d. per lb., against 9d. to IOld. last week porks scarce, up to 7d.; small stores were cheap audio little demand veal still dear. HEREFORD, Poultry, Wed need ay.-B usi- ness brisk for dressed poultry, spite of the increased prices Fowls 4s. 6d. to 6a. 6d. a cpl., ducks 5s. to 6s. 6d.; butter Is. 2d. per lb. wholesale and Is. 3d. retail eggs 10 and 11 a Is. wholesale, 9 and 10 retail.
BWLCH. BoY SCOUTS.-OWirig to the war the annaal encampment of the Boy Scoots at Glanusk his for this year been put off. By the boys generally the disappointment is much fc- It. Fortunately for oar local sections, Bwlcb and Catbedine, they received a kindly invita* tion from Mrs Gwynne Holford to spend the week at Backland, where they are now engaged in a variety of useful and enjoyable pastimes. The lads aro under tbe control of Sconi-Master the Rev. D. H. Pictou, and Assistant Scout-Master W. O. Lewis.
CEFN COED. TERRITORIALS.—There was quite an electric feeling in tbe air upon tbe departure of tbe members of G Company, Brecknockshire Battalion Territorials, by the afternoon train on the 5tb inst. A huge crowd assembled near the Drill Hall and afterwards at tbe station. Many are tbe Reservists in the village who have been called up and also volunteers sent off for training. FOOD PRIoEs.-The raising of tbe prices of foodstuffs aroused much anxiety in the village, and a public meeting was held at the Stocks on Friday evening. The meeting was taken under oontrol by Mr R T Ec-Bm, Mr James Davies, and a few ethers, and owing to some conflicting reports of prices charged, a deputa- tion was sent to all tbe shopkeepers to ascer- tain definitely what was being altered. Upon their return, quite a satisfactory report (under the circumstances) was presented, the shop- keepers intimating their readiness to sell at the lowest possible cost. The Chairman (Me Evans) said they coald accept that assurance.
BAXDIT BEES KILLED BY WORKERS. In the struggle for life among the lower animals there is no place for the drone. He that will not work must die is the inexorable rule of creation. Some of the insects display amazing intelligence in enforcing this law. The ants and bees execute it according to the principles laid down by certain schools of Anarchists among people. When a queen bee leaves the hive the workers that are left seem to become discouraged. Some of them behave as if they had lost heart in their work. They begin to loaf; they desert tlieir native hive and, as they must eat, become bandits, rob- bing other hives of the honey stored up by the busy workers. But the owners of these more prosperous hives do not submit willingly to such robbery, and defend their stores eigerly. They chase out the marauders and kill them if they resist.
ORIGIN OF THE FAX. Arthur Diosy, in his The New Far East," tells the following story about the origin of the fan. He says; The folding fan is un- doubtedly a Japanese invention, due, accord- ing to tradition, to the widow of the young warrior, Ateumorf, slain by the hero Kumagai Naozani in the defeat of the Taira clan by their rivals, the Minamoto, near the present Kobe in A.D. 1184. The young widow became a Buddhist nun. and during her retirement at the temple of Miei-do, at Kioto, she cured the abbot of a fever, so it is said, by fanning him with a paper folding fan, made by her in imi- tation of the structure of a bat's wing. This was the prototype of all the fans of Japan, and, therefore, of their imitation the folding fans of all other countries. The legend states that the fanning was accompanied by incanta- tions, and leaves us to decide whether the abbot had to thank them or the fan for his re- covery. The part played by the bat as the model for the invention was commemorated in the name of a fan used at the Court of Old Japan, the Comori or "bat." To this day the priests of the Miei-do Temple are famous as fan-makers, and throughout Japan shops where fans are sold often hang out the name of that temple as a sign.
HOW THE FAN CAME TO CHINA. From Japan, through Korea, the half-way house of her ancient, intercourse with China, the folding fan reached the Court of the third Ming Emperor, who reigned from A.D. 1403 to 1425. It rapidly became popular, probably be- ing looked upon r. > i, invention; as a Japanese one it would hardly have found favour, the Japanese having twice raided parts of the Chinese coasts during the Em- peror's reign. Strange to say, the average Chinese is unaware that what he fondly looks upon as a truly national invention dating from remote antiquity was originally an importa- tion from Japan. It must be said that the stiff, non-fokling sort, evolved from the palmetto leaf, had come to China probably from India traditionally in 1106 B.C., histori- cally they were in i,tie under the Tang Em- peror Kau-t-suns A.D. 650 to
igiWO AND THREE-COLOUR POSTERS. JI When yon want a Poster out of tbe common run, and do not mind paying a trifle more for it, yoa natorally fbinl- of cmi iu two or three colours, At tbri County Times OfBc1, Brecon, we pride oarselvts on our two ,IJd three,colour Posters, caving so offctu bee"a hacked by Ccatoruers fo:' the way their wishes have been interpreted. rrinted and Published by THE BRECON COUNTY TIMES LIMITED at the liulwark and Lion Street; Brecon, in the County of Brecknock, THURSDAY, AUGUST 13th, 1914, and registered at the General Post Office as a newspaper.