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SUMMARY OF PASSIN3 EVENTb THE oppressive heat of the third week in August, though not very agreeable to the human constitution, has been of the greatest service to the growing crops, and the rain which followed, instead of injuring them, has been very beneficial. There is every prospect, we are happy to hear, of a good harvest, should the weather be propitious for the next fortnight or three weeks. The thermometer in the 'un on the 13th and 14th of August stood at 121Q on an average, which is 11 points above blood heat, and even in the shade it reached 85"; and people in most parts of the kingdom were almost panting for breath. There have been several instances of persons dying from exposure to the sun's rays. A CORRESPONDENT writing from Rome says that the cholera is making great havoc in that city and the environs. "The disease," he says, "is of the most virulent character, the majority of those attacked dying in two or three hours." In so small a place as Albano, where the climate is considered very salubrious, hundreds of cases occur daily! Nine of the family of the ex-King of Naples were attacked, and the Queen-Dowager and two of her children are dead. In a postscript the writer says-" Worse and worse news of the cholera. Cardinal Alfieri, Princess Colonna, and hosts of others, have died after a few hours' illness. Those who fly from Rome die in reaching their destinations. This has been seen at Terni, Leghorn, and elsewhere." WE are not exempt, however, from complications. The very unusual circumstance of fining a high sheriff has just occurred. Mr. Malachy Hussey, the High Sheriff of Dublin, was not present in the Commission Court held in that city, and the Lord Chief Justice, viewing it as a grave breach of duty, ordered a fine of £50 to be recorded against him, and rumour says that the said high sheriff will not readily submit to his lord- ship's decision. THE administrative irregularities in the Government of the United States have rather an unhealthy appear- ance. The President and his Secretary-at-War differ upon many points, and Mr. Johnson called upon Mr. Stanton, his War Minister, to resign, which he declined to do, as he considered his appointment as permanent as the President's. Mr. Johnson, however, took no notiee of the refusal, but appointed General Grant to what he termed the vacant office. Thus, the Government are in what the Americans call a fix," which is interesting from the very closeness of the parties to one another. THE use of the knife is becoming now a common occurrence in England. Stabbing is carried to such an extent in Bristol that the foreman of a grand jury at the recent assizes suggested that some steps should be taken to prevent sailors roaming about the streets at night with knives in their possession. The frequency of noc- turnal stabbing, it was urged, was sufficient to show the importance of such a recommendation, in which the judge fully acquiesced. We find, also, that in most large seaports a similar complaint is made. Jack," when he gets ashere after a long voyage, takes to drink, his brain becomes maddened, and, as every sailor carries a knife, these results follow. A CASE was tried at the Ipswich Assizes which shows how foolish it is for persons not to follow what the law prescribes. A gentleman named Millburn was pro- secuted, at the instance of the Lunacy Commissioners, for receiving and taking charge of a lunatic, not having legal authority to do so. There was no denial of the fact that the defendant had undertaken the care of a gentleman named Barnes, nor was there any dispute as to his having treated his patient with the greatest humanity and kindness. Nevertheless, the law had been broken, as no licence or certificate had. been obtained. A fine of 150 was inflicted, and paid early next morning. IT is characteristic of Englishmen to celebrate any special event with a dinner. The members of the London Working Men's Association and delegates from the trades' societies who took part in the Trades' Reform demonstration of December last, met at Birmingham the other day, and unanimously resolved to invite the Re- formers of London to hold a Reform fete and banquet on an early day, to celebrate the passing of the Reform Bill. The fete will take place on a Saturday. Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Bright, and others of the Liberal Parliamentary leaders are to be invited. Delegates from all the trade societies will be invited to join the committee. The arrangements are intended to be on the largest possible scale, and the tickets placed as low as possible, to enable the working men to take part in the proceedings. THE terrible accident on the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway, which resulted in the death of a guard, is only another instance of the sacrifice of life on account of the obstinacy and cupidity of railway companies. It appears that some person had been cutting the linings of the carriages and stealing the horsehair. The company offered £10 reward for the apprehension of the offender. The unfortunate guard fancied he had discovered him, and was creeping along the roof for positive proof, when his heal came in contact with a bridge, and he was killed instantly. All this might have been prevented if the company had only adopted the simple plan of having a passage through the middle of the carriages, so that the guard could walk from one end of the train to the other whenever he pleased. All the telegraphs, the glasses to be smashed, the wires to be pulled, and the dials to be turned, are inefficient, simply because- however good they may be-they must occasionally fail. Suppose a blood-thirsty villain had thrown a passenger on the floor of a first-class carriage and held a knife to his throat, how could he smash a thick glass, or go through all sorts of mysterious operations with a dial! The plan we refer to is adopted on continental lines, and has answered admirably-murderers and thieves, never knowing when the guard may be walking through the train, discontinue their former villanous propensities. Whatever may be the expense, we think the Govern- ment should insist in such a scheme as this being carried out in England. UNREFLECTING persons little think how fashion somtT times affects large portions of the community; the ladies, for instance, do not draam how the change in bonnets has brought to starvation the strawplaiters of Luton, Dunstable, Bedford, and contiguous villages. Some years ago every lady had a straw bonnet of some kind or another, and at this season of the year the young ladies, at least, prided themselves on broad- brimmed mushroom hats-indeed, at that time a large family, before starting for the seaside, literally thatched themselves with straw, from Paterfamilias down to the youngest baby; now, however, not only have hats decreased in size and bonnets faded to a cobweb, but very little straw is used in the manufacture of either. We are told that at Luton, on market days, something like X5,000 worth of etrawplait was foimerly sold per week, and now only a few yards are purchased. This has thrown many thousands of women and children out of employment, and also a large number of men known as blockers," whose occupation is entirely gone. It is well the public should know this before the winter comes I on, so that, if possible, something may be done to alle- viate the distress which must necessarily follow a want of employment. The ladies came gallantly forward to help the poor Coventry ribbon weavers then, in the words of a contemporary, cannot some female Curtius plunge into the gulf and set the fashion for gigantic straw hats at Scarborough or Ryde 1" The poor straw-plaiters were called into existence by Queen Fashion, and surely her most fickle majesty will do something to help them in the day of their trouble.

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