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-6 MEBTHYK. DEATH OF MR. WILLIAM CRAWSHAY. The startling news-startling, although Mr. Craw- shay's serious illness had long been known-reached Merthyr on Monday morning, and as soon as it spread through the town most of the tradesmen put shutters up, and in other ways indicated their regret. At Cyfarthfa the works were carried on as usual, and this was a wise arrangement, as in all probability a holiday would have only been a temptation to excess. The only difference made was in withdrawing permission for the Cyfarthfa band to attend the Oddfellows' fete, and preventing the festival from taking place near Cyfarthfa, as intended. Mr. Crawshay died at ten o'clock on Sunday even- ing. He was in his 80th year, having been born in 1788. He was twice married, and his second wife survives him. The history of the Crawshay family is bound up with that of Cyfarthfa, and the iron works at Merthyr so long associated with Mr. Crawshay's name. Mr. Charles Wilkins, in his History of Merthyr," gives a long and interesting account of these works and the Craw- shay family. This family lived in Yorkshire, and Richard was the first member of it who became con- nected with Cyfarthfa. He appears to have been the making of that concern. He is described as a rug- ged Yorkshireman keen-witted, strong-tempered, and blessed with that kind of iron will which brooks no opposition, but must force its way." He prose- cuted his enterprise, and died a millionaire. Mr. Richard Crawshay was succeeded by his son William, the father of the gentleman who died on Sunday. When the works came into the hands of the subject of our notice-which was about five years after his grand- father's death-they very soon began to wear a dif- ferent aspect, and were made highly productive. In 1819 there were six furnaces, and the average yield per furnace was 65 tons in 1857 the number of fur- naces was eleven, and the average yield 120 tons. Mr. Wilkins thus sums up Mr. Crawshay's career The career of the great iron-master has been one of singular success, characterised by smart specula- tions and successful ventures. Like all men of strong individuality, his actions have carried with them the impress of a man above the ordinary stamp. Firm, even to the border of stubbornness; bold, even to the margin of rashness; he has yet proved that he did not lack the truest and most generous impulses in his re- lation with the world; that his mind was not warped solely to the gathering of wealth, nor his life of action simply that of speculation. He started into life with two mottoes—honesty and perseverance. These are the indices to his policy, the causes of his success. When Austria and Russia menaced the asylum of the Hungarians, William Crawshay was the first to step forward and head a lift with £ 500 to preserve inviolate their freedom. His connection with his workmen has been a just < ne. If the men have been taught not to expi ct unwise leniency and license, they have learnt that justice between man and man, irrespective of posi- tion, will always be meted out to them." Of such an one it may well be said that he leaves behind him a mark for the instruction and guidance of future generations.