SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. MEXICAN affairs are by no means settled by the death of Maximilian. Juarez, the present President, is beset or threatened on all sides by native chiefs, who refuse to acknowledge his authority, and there are expeditions composed of members of the Church party," who de- clare that their purpose is to avenge the death of the late Emperor. Juarez has declined to take the voice of the nation for re-election to the office of President, but adheres to it as a right which he should hold per- manently. The country is in a sad demoralised condi- tion, and at present there seems no hope of it settling down into anything like a civilised form of Govern- ment. WE are sorry to say that there is an undefined and uneasy feeling both in this country and among continen- tal nations respecting the maintenance of the peace of Europe. This feeling does not go the length of antici- pating any immediate disturbance of that peace, but it cannot be denied that considerable fears are entertained as to a future which is not remote, and which is generally set down as next year." Such a feeling is highly pre- judicial to the interests of the whole of Europe, and, if unduly encouraged, may itself produce the event which is so much feared. Every indication of a supposed want of a proper understanding between France and Prussia is immediately seized upon, and forms the subject matter of various comments. The representations of the Em- peror Napoleon, whatever they may be, for they are not accurately known, with reference to Schleswig, are believed to be hostile to Prussia. The proposed visit of the Empress of the French to the Emperor and Empress of Austria, at Salzburg, is supposed to indicate a projected alliance between their respective countries, involving objects hostile to Prussia. The same hostility towards Prussia is said to have been evinced in the rela- tions between France and Italy and it is supposed, on good grounds, that France has employed her great influ- ence in that quarter to detach Italy from any alliance with Prussia in the event, which these various steps are supposed to provide against, of a misunderstanding occurring between France and the latter country. Even the visit of the Empress of the French to our Queen at Osborne has not altogether escaped comment of a similar tendency. The fears which are so generally entertained no doubt partly flow from the supposed necessity under which the Emperor Napoleon lies of setting right the position of France in Europe since the increase of territory and power which Prussia has attained. In our opinion, however, even if this neces- sity exists, it does not follow that it can only be met by an appeal to arms. It is not likely that Prussia will desire war she has many difficulties to contend with, and is surrounded by enemies. We trust, therefore, the fears which are entertained will turn out to be un- founded, although it would be dangerous to predict that no war will occur, considering that every nation is armed to the teeth and prepared for war at twenty-four hours' notice; but no greater danger to the peace of Europe may arise than that which was so happily got over in the case of the fortress of Luxemburg. Thus we have a precedent for believing that war may be averted by diplomacy. The improved temper of this country in foreign affairs, of which temper Lord Stanley is so thoroughly a representative man, affords consider- able security that we, at any rate, shall not be drawn into taking an active part in the disputes and jealousies of continental nations. It would, however, be a sad thing for Europe if war were to break out. Once the sword is brought into action, even we may be swayed by passion rather than by reason, and may, in spite of the best efforts of our diplomatists, be compelled to take part in it. THE country is becoming very weary of the Reform Bill, which, after all, is not quite settled. The Lords' amendments have surprised many people, and members of the House of Commons are commenting very strongly upon them. The Session will thus be prolonged far beyond the ordinary term, and gentlemen intent upon grouse shooting have been summoned from the moors, and those who were recreating themselves at the seaside have had to take their seats again in Parliament, to re- discuss the subject which had occupied all their time and attention for the last five months. Mr. Bright at one time threatened that he would move that the House be called," which means that every member should be summoned to take his place in Parliament—a proceeding almost obsolete, and one which has not been resorted to for many years. If the Commons refuse to accept the Lords' amendments, the next thing will be a conference composed of members of both Houses to make a compromise, or to get one House to accept the views of the other. If the bill does not proceed at a more rapid rate than it has latterly, there is a pro- bability of members being prevented from taking part in the first week's partridge shooting, as well as being debarred from grousing. There is one thing, however, to be said, that, generally speaking, the winged game have been much reduced by disease, and in many places there will be very little sport. THE Registrar of the Scotch Friendly and Co-operative Societies has just issued a report which is worthy of a passing consideration. He tells us, by way of showing 0 the usefulness of these societies, that in one instance the formation of a co-operative society has affected a complete change in the aspect of the neighbourhood; formerly the people in the district were much addicted to drunkenness, and now such a thing is scarcely known. The members agreed to purchase everything they con- sumed from the stores, and as no spirits were sold there, they could obtain none; the consequence was that men were enabled to provide for their families respectably, and were able to assist sick members. The registrar further says that he has received letters from several large landed proprietors, who, convinced of the happy working of these associations, are anxious to have them established in their neighbourhoods. The rules are framed with the direct view of encouraging morality prafane swearing is punished with a fine, and members are expelled for bad conduct. THE financial state of railways still exercises a depress- ing influence on the money market, and the conflicting decisions of committees of the Lords and Commons as to the means of extricating unfortunate and non-paying concerns from their difficulties, tend to increase the uncertainty which is felt as to the future of these under- takings. In the midst of all these mis' a 's, it it sur- prising to find how vigorously some of th railways in good repute are pushing on with their works. The Midland is rapidly advancing with its London Extension, the Metropolitan has nearly completed the widening and extension of its line, the South Eastern has all but finished its short cut to Tunbridge, and the East London is progressing in a satisfactory manner with its scheme for the conversion of the Thames Tunnel into a railway. The report just issued by the company states that an embankment has been carried within a few yards of the South London line, and that the works leading to the tunnel are progressing actively. The dividends which are announced are, on the whole, quite as good as were anticipated, and there are many indications that the depression in railway and com- mercial undertakings generally has reached its lowest point, and we may soon anticipate a change for the better in the general business of the country.
.— W EXCELSIOR PRIZB MEDAL FAMILY SEWING MACHINES sew perfectly on any thickness of material. Price, iC6 6a.— WHIGHT & YANN, 143, Hoi born-hill, London.—Lists Free. Bor wick's Baking: Powder is used by thousands oi families for making bread, puddings, tea-cakes, and Norfolk dumplings light and wesome. Once used families will never be without it. Sold by all grocers, &a., in the United Kingdom. Nothing Impossible.—The greatest and most useful nvention of the day, AGU A AMAREIJLA. — Messrs. JOHN GOSNELL and Co., Red Bull-wharf, 03. Upper TUnmes-st.. London, perfumers to tier Majesty, respectfully oJfer to the public this truly ma ivel- lous fluid, which gradually restores the human hair to it-? pristine hue— no matter of what age. The Agiza Amarella has none ot the properties of dyes; it, on the contrary, is beneficial to the system, and when the hair is once restored one application per month will keep it in perfect colour. Prioe one guinea perbottle half bottles, lfls. (id. Testimonial from artists of the highest order, and from individuals of undoubted respectability, may beinspected. Messrs. John Gosnell and Co. hive D«en 9PPQHit £ d jcp'i'umers to H.K.Q. the Princess of WsJss.
EPITOME OF NEWS. 0 PILCHARDS.—The Cornish pilchard fishery com- menced during the last week in July, but the weather was for the most part unfavourable, and the catches were small. About 150 boats went out, the whole taking from 40 to 50 hogsheads. The fish sold readily at 36 for a shilling. JNEW COMMON LAW ACT.-On Tuesday the Act to enable the masters of the common law courts to dispose of matters at the judges' chambers was printed. Rules are to be made by the judges, and to be read aloud in open court before they are acted upon. This provision will prevent the adoption of the Act till November. METROPOLITAN MAGISTERIAL CHANGES.—Mr. Norton has resigned his office as police magistrate at Lambeth Police-court, and the Secretary of State for the Home Department has transferred Mr. Woolrych from Southwark to Lambeth, and Mr. Partridge from Thames to Southwark. The new magistrate will be Mr. Ralph Benson, Recorder of Shrewsbury. A LETHARGY.—A man is now lying in the St. Jean Hospital, Turin, in a complete state of lethargy. He is quite insensible to pricks from needles, and the soles of his feet are also without feeling. Some shocks of electricity have alene produced an effect on him. He is 24 years of age, and for the last 47 days has lived on milk passed through his nose into the oesophagus. EXTRAORDINARY DEATH OF A CHILD.—On Saturday an inquest was held in Crispin-street, Spital- fields, on the body of a boy named Martin, aged six years. On Friday the deceased was going on an errand with a plate in his hand, when he fell, and his throat was so severely cut by the broken plate that he lied in a few minutes. The jury returned a verdict of Acci- dental Death. TRIAL OF A FENIAN FOR MURDER.—A telegram from Cork, on Thursday, announced that Judge Fitzgerald was occupied the whole of the previous day in trying Edward O'Loughlen for the wilful murder of a policeman named Sheedy, by shooting, at Middle- ton, on the night of the Fenian rising. The jury, not agreeing, were discharged after midnight. The prisoner is to be tried again. Two other indictments were found against him for high treason and treason felony. MAZZINI AND GARIBALDI. The Courrier Franrais has the following :—" After having taken Mazzini to Italy, although he has not stirred from London, some journals affirm that Garibaldi is in France. We formally contradict that statement, as we did the other. The Italian patriot is shortly to come to Paris, but the time is not yet fixed he proposes to visit the Exhibition with his son-in-law, M. Etienne Canzio, and his daughter, Ierezita." FACTORY EXCURSION TO PARIS.— One hundred and forty of the workmen employed by the Messrs. Broadwood, pianoforte manufacturers, left London on Tuesday on a visit to Paris and the Exhibition, under the auspices of the Paris Excursion Committee. The arrangements of the party are most complete, and it is expected that there will be ample opportunity afforded to those composing it of fraternising with their Gallic fellow-workmen. The excursionists intend holding a grand dinner at the quarters in Paris. SINGULAR PEDESTRIAN FEAT.—On Monday morning an amateur London pedestrian named Collings undertook for a stake of £ 20 to run over six bridges crossing the Thames within one hour, to commence and finish on the Surrey side of the Thames. The start was made by running over Vauxhall bridge and back over Westminster, and then Waterloo, Blackfriars, and Southwark-bridges in their order, and Collings finally completed his feat by .running over London-bridge into Surrey, and pulled up with seven or eight minutes to spare. The distance actually covered is computed at not less than eight miles an hour. THE SERGEANT-SURGEONCY.—The name of the successor to Sir William Lawrence in the above appointment has not yet been announced professional opinion is divided between the claims of Sir William Fergusson and Mr. James Paget. The Medical Times states that the former would prove a worthy successor of the great operators who have filled the office the latter, of the men like Brodie, who rather take their place as philosophical surgeons than as brilliant mani- pulators. The same journal confirms the rumour that the honour of knighthood is about to be conferred on Mr. Henry Thompson for his services to the late King of the Belgians. COINAGE OF 1866. In the year 1866, 4,047,288 sovereigns were coined at the Mint, and 2,058,776 half-sovereigns, 914,760 florins, 4,989,600 shillings, 5,140,080 sixpences, 4,158 fonrpcuces, 1,905,288 threepences. 4,752 silver twopences, 7,92U silver pence; also 9,999,360 copper pence, 2,508,800 half-pence, and 3,584,000 farthings. Altogether, there- fore, money was coined at the Mint in 1866 to the amount of £ 5,076,076 in gold, X493,416 in silver, and X50,624 in copper, or 25,620,716 in all. Worn silver coin of the nominal value of X115,000 was purchased from the Bank of England, for re-coinage, aud a loss of X15,648 was occasioned by its re-coiua^e. APOTHECARIES' HALL.—At a Cünrlof Exa- miners, held on the 25th of July, Messrs. T. H. Pindar, of Whitby, Yorkshire W. W. Saul, of Sibsey, Lincoln- shire and John Guy, of Workington, Cumberland, having passed the necessary examinations, were admitted licentiates of the Society of Apothecaries. At the same court the following passed the first examination, viz. Messrs. Edmund Vialls, of the London Hospital; J. H. Ross, of Guy's Hospital; W. P. Bridges, of Guy's Hospital; W. H. Nicholls, of Guy's Hospital; Edwin Sanders, of St. Bartholomew's Hospital; and Enoch Stell, of University College Hospital. THE FATAL STABBING CAaE IN WALSALL.— On Friday the inquest on the body of the man Somer- field was concluded at Walsall. Evidence was given to show that deceased was stabbed to the heart, and that he had entered the house of the prisoner Beaman (with whose wife he had an improper acquaintance), and after assaulting him and his wife, was attacked by the prisoner. They both rolled on the floor, and the deceased appeared to get the better of Beaman, whose life he said he would take there and then. At the termination of the struggle Somerfield was found dead on the floor. The jury returned a verdict of Justifiable Homicide." DAMAGES FOR DISHONOURING A CHEQUE.— At the Staffordshire Assizes, Mr. David Pratt, a mineral merchant, residing at Handsworth, near Birmingham, obtained a verdict of X50 against the Staffordshire Joint- Stock Banking Company, carrying on business at Walsall, in a suit for compensation from the defendants, for damages sustained by their refusing to honour a cheque drawn by himself, as a customer of the bank, they having at the time a balance in hand sufficient to meet the same. The fruitless defence set up was that at the time the account with the plaintiff was opened it was stipulated that the defendants should retain a margin in their hands of one-fourth of the amount of the bills deposited. THE SLADE CASE. A paragraph which originally appeared in the Owl, and has been copied into other papers, to the effect that this case has been compromised, is a misrepresentation of the true facts, which are as follows :—Before the trial commenced an arrangement was made by the plaintiff and son with the defendant, that the unsuccessful party in the Court of Exchequer, if he chose to accept the decision as final within 28 days of judgment, should have a right to his costs from the successful party. This arrangement has been acted upon by General Slade and his son, who have announced their intention of not appealing, and will sign a deed confirming Sir Alfred Slade's possessions. WESTMINSTER ABBEY SPECIAL SERVICES.— On Sunday the special evening services in the nave of Westminster Abbey were brought to a close, the sermon being preached by the Ven. Archdeacon Wordsworth. The services of the present year commenced on the 27th of April, and among the.preachers have been the Arch- bishop of Canterbury, the Dean of Westminster, the Bishop of Oxford, Dr. Temple, the Dean of Chichester, the Rev. T. J. Rowsell, the Rev. Stopford Brooke, the Rev. Robert Maguire, the Bishop nominate of Derry, and other gentlemen. It is understood that the evening I services will be resumed next Easter. The musical portion of the services has been directed throughout by the Rev. S. Flood Jones, M.A., minister of St. Matthew's, Spring-gardens. LOAN SOCIETIES.—The annual abstract of the accounts of loan societies in England ingludes this year returns from 835 societies, 21 fewer than the preceding return. The 835 societies had X509,798 in borrowers' hands at the close of the 1866 a society at Hanley had more than Y,10,000 out, one at Nottingham nearly 415,000, one at Birmingham £ 21,000. Loans were made in the year to 160,447 persons. The interest re- ceived amounted to £ 39,851. The gross profits, in- cluding 410,191 received for forms of application and for inquiries made, are returned as amounting to 478,640 but after payment of 920,800, expenses of management, and 229,658 interest to depositors or share- holders, the net profit is stated at only £ 6,595. 1,924 distress warrants were issued in the year, and costs amounting to X2,196 were paid by borrowers or their sureties. GREAT FIRE IN THE MINORIES.—On Tuesday morning a fire, attended with great loss of property, took place in the extensive pile of premises belonging to Mr. Worman, boot and shoe exporter, carrying on busi- ness at No. 126, Minories. The fire was not extinguished until Mr. Worman's premises were all but destroyed, the valuable stock-in-trade, furniture, and other effects con- sumed. The premises of Mr. Carter, butcher, were partly destroyed, but a considerable quantity of property was saved by the London Salvage Corps. EXTENSIVE EMBEZZLEMENT CHARGE.—On Friday, at the Manchester Police-court, a person named Robert Charles Clifton was charged with embezzling £1,450, the moneys of an establishment called the Devon Wheal Lopez Mining Company (Limited). According to the statement of the prosecuting counsel, the prisoner was the secretary of the company, and in that capacity received and misappropriated the shareholders' money. The company was described as having been set afloat and temporarily sustained on the bubble principle. The evidence in support of the charge not being sufficiently strong, the accused was discharged. A HARD CASE.—On Saturday, at the Appleby Assizes, a labouring man, named White, brought an action against a man named Fothergill, to recover pos- session of a cottage, a garden, &c., at Ravenstondale. The plaintiff bought the property eight years ago for a small sum, and out of an old ruin upon it managed to construct a habitable cottage. Subsequently the de- fendant put in a claim to the property, under a will, and served a writ of ejectment on the plaintiff, which he threw into the fire, in belief that his title was sound, j He was ejected in due course. Owing to the stupidity or intoxication of one of the witnesses there was some difficulty in getting at certain facts of the case. The counsel for the plaintiff finally elected to be nonsuited. IN RE PETO, BETTS, AND Qo.-In the Court of Bankruptcy, on Wednesday, Mr. Denton, as repre- senting the assignees under this gigantic failure, stated that a sum of £ 30,000 was about to pass into the hands of the manager-in fact, it was already paid into the bank and it was desirable, for the benefit of all parties concerned, that pending the settlement of the existing disputes the amount should be invested in Exchequer Bills. He now asked that the court should make an f order to that effect. The Commissioner having satisfied himself that he had the power to make the desired order granted it. AN ANCIENT HOUSE MADE OF BOG OAK.— Within the last few days, on the farm of a man named Thomas M'Garry, residing at Aughamore, near Granara, there was discovered a curious relic in the shape of a wooden house, which is constructed of black bog oak. It was found under water in an exhausted bog, at a considerable depth under the surface. It measures 23 feet by 10 feet, and consists of eight very strong beams, ranging in length from 10 feet to 13 feet, which are supported by cross beams of great strength, and firmly jointed. The side beams are mortised, as if intended for uprights. The house was taken asunder in the pro- cess of raising, but this was so carefully done that it can alC oe put completely together again. RESPITE OF JAMES BACON.—The unhappy man Bacon, sentenced to death at the late assize for the murder of his wife, and strongly recommended to mercy by the jury, has been respited. On Saturday morning a registered official letter from the Holi-ie office was received by the governor of the gaol, Capt. McGorrery, intimating that the sentence was respited until her Majesty's pleasure be known." Captain McGorrery, with the under-sheriff, and the chaplain, the Rev. G. B. Hamilton, had an interview with Bacon on Saturday morning, and informed him that his sentence was respited, but he appeared very little moved by the intel- ligence, and said he was quite prepared for anything. ATTEMPT TO MURDER A GTRL.-An attempt at murder was made a few nights since at La Chapelle. A cattle-dealer named Borrome, who was on terms of intimacy with a young grisette, finding by an inter- cepted letter that he had a rival in a draper's shopman, invited his mistress to go with him to his stable, under the pretence of showing her a horse which he had just purchased, and then attempted to strangle her with a halter. Her cries were, however, overheard by a carter, who forctd an entrance and rescued the young woman just as she was becoming insensible. Borrome then escaped, but was afterwards arrested. DOGGETT'S COAT AND BADGE.—The rowing match for Doggett's coat and badge came off on Thursday, the distance being from the Swan at London-bridge to the Swan at Chelsea. The competitors were six in number, and, in accordance with the will of the founder of the race, watermen's apprentices just out of their time. The following were the entries :—Thomas Hitch- cock, Lambeth; Henry William Maxwell, Custom- house Richard Deering, Legal Quays James Robert Newell, Horselydown; Charles Shaw, Rotherhithe William John Taylor, Lambeth. At the close of a well- contested race the result proved to be in favour of H. Maxwell, C. Shaw being second. DEATH OF MR. KENNETH MACAULAY, Q.C.- Mr. Kenneth Macaulay, Q.C., formerly member of Parliament for the borough of Cambridge, died on Monday morning, at his residence, Shaftesbury-road Brooklands, Cambridge. The deceased gentleman was a first cousin of Lord Macaulay. He was born in 1815 educated at Jesus College, called to the bar 1839 and became the leader of Midland Circuit, Queen's counsel, 1850. He was first elected to represent Cambridge borough in 1852; but was unseated in the following year for bribery and corruption. In 1857 he was again chosen, and at the election for 1859 headed the poll. He came forward once more in 1865, but during the election, while addressing a meeting, he was suddenly stricken with paralysis. He never appeared in public again; but from the effects of this seizure, resulting from overtasking of the brain, he died on Monday. GARIBALDI AND RomE.-The Florence corre- spondent of the Paris Temps, writing on the 30th July, says Nothing new is said about Garibaldi's plans. Things remain as they were. The military cordon of the Government is every day being reinforced. Gari- baldi's friends among the deputies, his old lieutenants, seem to have left with important instructions. Mcnotti, the son, and Canzio the son-in-law of Garibaldi go and come. They are at Milan. In every conversation the belief is expressed that something is about to happen. One of the superior Garibaldian officers said to some- body, There is no understanding with Rattazzi; there will perhaps be another Aspromonte, but we can't recede —the old man is decided.' The old man' is still at Vinci, in a patriot's pretty villa 1" MURDER AND SUICIDE NEAR UARLISLE.-A melancholy circumstance occurred near Carlisle on Friday night. A person named Toppin, who has been for some time residing with his wife and family in Asley- street, went out for a walk with his grandson, and pro- ceeded to the foot of the dam which enters the Eden at the Bone Mill. There he tied one end of a cord to the neck of the child, and fastened the other end to his own neck, and, having walked up in the direction of the varnish works, plunged into the dam. His coat and hat, and likewise the child's hat, were found on the bank, and assistance was at once obtained, but before the bodies could be got out life was extinct Toppin was a man in good circum- stances, but has for some time been in a low state of mind. THE FATAL COLLISION ON THE NORTH LONDON RAILWAY.—On Tuesday Mr. Richards, the deputy coroner, resumed and concluded, at the London Hospital, the inquiry respecting the death of John Frost, aged 25 years, who lost his life through a collision which took place between the luggage trains at the "brick siding of the Old Ford station. The collision, it will be recollected, occurred in consequence of the pointsman, named Plowriglit, inadvertently pulling the wrong lever and opening the points while a main line goods train was passing by, and allowing it to dash into an engine and some trucks that were standing in the brick siding. Two men were killed, 20 trucks and both the engines were injured. The jury returned a verdict of Accidental death." EXTRAORDINARY VOYAGE ACROSS THE AT- LANTIC.-The life raft, Nonpareil, 43 days from New York, arrived off Southampton Docks on Thursday even- ing, after a somewhat stormy passage, during which, however, her crew, who are three in number, say she be- haved remarkably well, hardly shipping any sea. The Nonpareil is composed of three gutta percha tubes covered with strong canvas, and with a bellows fitted to each, inflated with air, 25 feet long and about three feet in diameter, laid parallel with each other and about 18 inches apart, across which a platform is lashed. The sole shelter is an awning arranged as a sort of tent, in the centre, there being barely room to lie down. Under this tent is a large bunk, in compartments, to contain provisions and clothing. The cooking apparatus con- sists of an oil lamp, over which is arranged a stand to hold the saucepan or kettle, and fitted in a watertight case. Round the sides of the raft in gutta percha, fresh i water bunks. The Nonpareil is rigged as a schooner, and her crew assert, that with a favourable wind she can make eight knots an hour. She will remain at South- ampton a few days, and will then proceed to Paris to be exhibited in the International Exhibition. Since her arrival, though the weather has been very unfavourable, she has been visited by some hundreds of visitors.
EARL RUSSELL ON THE EDUCATION OF THE WORKING CLASSES. Earl Russell attended at the opening of new school buildings at Mount Ararat, Richmond, on Saturday, and was the principal speaker. The Richmond British Schools were established in May, 1858. Their commencement was very small. A boys' school was first started; soon after a girls' school was added. The educational operations have beeR up to the present carried on in the basement story of the Vineyard Chapel. By means of goodly subscriptions a more eligible site was secured, and the buildings on Saturday opened erected. Application was made to Government for pecuniary assistance, but the regulations of the Committee of Council on Education respecting such structures not having been complied with, no grant was allowed. In addition to what has been collected, zE678 more will be required by next October, and X30 remains due to the treasurer. To assist in meeting this it was suggested to raise X350 Government Stocks, so that close upon X350 remained to be made up by next October. Mr. Nicholson, Mr. C. Burt, and other gentlemen, fully explained those matters to a large crowd of ladies and gentlemen who thronged the three principal apartments of the building. The z, business part of the proceedings was followed by a luncheon. Earl Russell, in responding to the toast of his health, said Ladies and Gentlemen, I regret that I was not present at the early portion of the proceedings. My excuse is that we have, for some length of time in Lon- don, been obliged to engage in late hours (a laugh), and last night was no exception to that practice. It was very late last night when I got home from the House of Lords, and I have got so much mixed up with the ques- tion now engaging that House, that I really find it diffi- cult to speak on any other topic. I am very proud of the honour of having been elected president of these schools, more particularly as it is an establishment having for its object the providing of education for a class that cannot perhaps well provide it for themselves. It seems to me that whatever we may do in Parliament with reference to the conferring upon vast numbers of working classes and the small householders the right of voting, we ought to take care to do what we hitherto have not done that is, we ought to see that those persons are tolerably educated, that they go to school in early life, and that they at least know something of the three R's reading, writing, and arithmetic (laughter). I do not think that it is too much to ask that this should be done (hear). Cer- tainly hitherto that task has not been satisfactorily per- formed (hear, hear). For my own part, I entirely owe my connection with these schools to my father's friend- liness towards them (applause). Sixty years ago he be- came a friend and a patron of the system of education started by Joseph Lancaster, and one of my earliest re- collections is, when a boy, putting on Joseph's Lan- caster's hat and mimicking his manner of salutation (a laugh). This naturally resulted in a desire on my part to promote these schools. I must say that from that time to this I have never changed my mind re- garding these schools. The education of those who cannot well afford to pay for it is, I consider, a very serious matter, so serious a matter that I should not like to dilate upon it at any length just now.. It has always seemed to me a very great injustice that we make our laws fall so heavily upon those who commit offences, while we do not teach them in early youth the way in which they may avoid the committal of these offences (hear, hear). I remember that during the early in- quiries which I made respecting the education of this country, a story used to be told of a boy who, I think it was said, lived in Derbyshire. It was related of this boy that he was found putting down snares for the purpose of catching hares. The boy was imprisoned for the offence, and the chaplain of the prison came to him and inquired what he had been doing previously. The chaplain found out that the boy had never heard of Jesus Christ nor of the Bible. The boy stated that he had been employed as an agricultural labourer six days in the week, and that on the Sunday he used to be engaged cleaning horses. As far as the knowledge of the Christian religion went the little fellow was entirely ignorant. It seems to me to be a great injustice that in this country, where we have the means for opening schools, we employ all the rigours of imprisonment against those who break through the laws, and not give them the knowledge whlfeby they lllay be enabled to avoid those offences. Such being the case, I have always been in favour of the British Schools, because they are schools for all, as William Allen used to say. It was abso- lutely necessary that these schools should be in their nature secular, but they should also be religious. The religious teaching given in these schools should not, however, be of a sectarian character (hear, hear). It was, no doubt, desired that the children should learn that particular form of doctrine to which their parents were attached, and which was most consistent with their feelings; but while they are young boys and girls at school they ought to be made to know what Christ has taught and what the Apostles have preached, for by these precepts will they be enabled to properly guide their conduct through life (hear, hear). Ladies and gentlemen, I trust the schools opened to-day may flourish. I trust that no very great deal of time will elapse before the children attending them may learn much; that the instruction received here may benefit them through life and that after fitting themselves for those pursuits to which they may be called they may have the time and the inclination to further improve them- selves (applause). I am sorry to be obliged to have to say that there are many countries in Europe in which public instruction has been provided for, but we have in this country what I trust we shall never part with. In this country those boys and girls who receive education in such institutions as this are fully at liberty to follow their own conscientious convic- tions, and to speak and write without fear of punishment what they believe to be true and good. I am happy that such excellent schools as these are established in this neighbourhood, and I trust that those who have charge of them will attend as much to the health of the children as to their intellectual instructior (cheers). I trust that those in whose charge these chil dren are will do all in their power to promote their well being, not alone, as I have said, with regard to their mental culture, but also their health (applause). I am happy to give you now a toast to which I am certain you will be quite ready to respond. It is Prosperity to the Richmond British Schools, and all other Institu tions for the Advancement of Education." The noolt earl resumed his seat amid much applause. Addresses were afterwards delivered by Mr. Carvell Williams, Mr. E. Chadwick, Dr. Unwin, and other gen- tlemen. In the course of the evening subscription!* towards making up the amount required were announced including .£10 from Earl Russell.
A TERRIBLE CONFLAGRATION. Messrs. Lamb and Sterry's Paraffin Wax Refinery Works at Rotherhithe have been burnt down, the fire having raged from Friday night up to Saturday morning. The premises, which had recently been erected at great cost, covered nearly half an acre of land. The various floors were fitted up with powerful machinery, and the stores contained several hundred barrels of paraffin, whilst the warehouses were filled with the refined wax. About half-past ten o'clock on Friday night some persons rushed into the Old Jolly Wall and cried out, The works are on fire." A sudden panic seemed to seize every one present, it being well-known that the contents of the premises, besides being of such an easily ignitable character, would, if confined, explode with fearful violence, and such unfortunately was the case during the progress of the conflagration. The firemen of the Metropolitan Brigade were telegraphed to attend with their engines from nearly every station in London, but before they could arrive the fire had made great progress. Huge bodies of flame shot up at least 50 feet in the air. In less than 20 minutes there were upwards of a dozen engines at the scene, including several powerful prize land steamers by ShaQd, Mason, and Co. The firemen did their best to prevent the fire from reaching a row of newly-built houses, called Alexander-cottages. Unfortunately, they were unable to accomplish that, and the flames rushed into three of the houses, and in the course of a few minutes they were destroyed. The large slcin factory belonging to Mr. Moore, situate behind his dwelling, was next attacked, and the upper portion was quickly in a general blaze. It should be stated that in the centre of the front houses were a pair of gates leading to the refinery, and the firemen, in their anxiety to reach the main body of flames, proceeded down this gateway, with the branches from three engines in hand, and whilst directing the water into the press room one of the vats exploded, making a fear- ful noise, and before the firemen could get away three of them, named Rogers, Gnmshaw, and Palmer, became surrounded with flame, and were so seriously injured that they had to be taken to the hospital. This explosion had barely subsided when another still louder took place, and blew down same of the substantial walls, to the danger of killing the firemen. By ten o'clock on Saturday morning all danger of any extension of mischief was over. The loss of property occasioned by the fire is enormous, and it is said that it will reach £ 100,000. Men were actively engaged in collecting the wax, which ran -u a molten state into the streets and market gardens.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. --+- THE FRENCH CLAIMS ON MEXICO. PARIS, August 4. A decree has been issued to-day, dated the 10th of July, appointing a special honorary commission, in con- nection with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to proceed to the revision of the provisional settlement of the French claims upon Mexico concluded in the Mexican capital, and also to distribute the amount in hand among those entitled to indemnification.
AUSTRIA. VIENNA, August 3. It is announced to-day, on reliable authority, that the Emperor Napoleon will not leave Paris until the 16th of August. He will arrive at Salzburg on the 17th, and remain there until the 19th inst. The Emperor Napoleon will not come to Vienna. It is stated that Austria is prepared to join the Inter- national Monetary Union, and that negotiations for that purpose are shortly to be opened at Paris.
ROUMANIA. BUCHAREST, August 1. A Jew imprisoned in the Galatz gaol has been shot dead by the sentry on guard. The latter fired in con sequence of the prisoner's refusal to obey the summons to stop.
THE CANDIAN INSURRECTION. ATHENS, July 27 (via Trieste). The French Admiral at the Pineus has received orders from his Government to proceed to Candia and take on board and bring back to Greece the Christian women, children, and old men desirous of leaving the island, but not men with arms in their hands. The Admiral left this morning with two vessels besides his own.
AMERICA NEW YORK, July 24. Congress adjourned on Saturday last until the 21st November. The Senate has rejected the appointments of Mr. Greely, as Minister to Vienna and General M'Cler- nand to Mexico. It is reported that Mr. Seward has decided not to send a minister to Mexico. The bill passed by congress enabling negroes to hold office in the district of Columbia has failed to become law, congress having adjourned before the bill had been acted upon by the President. The leaders of the impeachment movement prevented the report of the proceedings of the investigation being presented to the house just pre- vious to the adjournment. Reports were furnished only privately, and with an injunction to secrecy. General Sheridan has designated the 31st of July for closing the registration in his district. It is reported that some prominent democrats urge President Johnson to exercise his constitutional powers as commander-in-chief of the army, and remove the district commanders. The New York Constitutional Convention has rejected the Female Suffrage,Bill. Advices received from Matamoros to the 15th July states that Juarez is a candidate for re-election. The command of the army has been' given to Escobedo. Twelve more imperial generals and four colonels have been shot at Queretaro. Porfirio Diaz has ordered the capture of all foreign representatives refusing to recog- nise the republican Government. The death of Santa Anna has again been denied.
THE BELGIAN VOLUNTEERS. The following extract from a letter of Captain Soady, of her Majesty's ship Serapis, has been furnished by the Admiralty authorities:— The Belgian volunteers, numbering about 1,000, were disembarked by noon of the 23rd inst. On that evening myself and officers were entertained at a magni- ficent banquet given by Colonel Gregoire and the officers of the Garde Civique, where nothing could exceed the en- thusiasm and the heartiness of the welcome. Carriages were sent to the landing-place for us, from whence we proceeded in procession to the hotel where the banquet was held. The speeches in connexion with their recep- tion in England and the great ovation at their departure were couched in the strongest terms of gratitude, not only to the British people in general, but to Colonel Loyd Lindsay and the English volunteers in particular. The Belgians appeared unable to express what they felt on the subject or to do suffi- cient for us. On Wednesday ovoning, tho 24,th, myself and officers were entertained by the Societe Royale d'Harmonie d'Anvers in their beautiful grounds, at a concert, on entering which we were received by the pre- sident and committee of the society and the elite of the city, the band playing the English national anthem, the company evincing the greatest enthusiasm towards her Majesty and the British nation. On Thursday, the 25th, at the special request of Colonel Gregoire, I proceeded to Brussels in company with the senior lieutenant, the Hon. Montolin F. Murray, to pay my re- spects to his Majesty the King of the Belgians. On reach- ing the capital I found that his Majesty was at Ostend. The foreign secretary, M. Rogier, who granted me a re- ception, expressed most strongly his desire that I should see the king. I accordingly proceeded to Ostend, where I found his Majesty had appointed to receive me at five o'clock, at which hour, accompanied by the senior lieu- tenant, I had the honour of an interview, being pre- sented by Colonel van Loo. His Majesty was most gracious and condescending, and expressed the greatest satisfaction at the style in which his subjects had been received in England, and was further pleased to thank me personally for the manner in which they had been conveyed to and fro on board the Serapis. His Majesty remarked upon the report he had received of the size and magnificence of the ship. I deemed it my duty to offer to anchor the ship off Ostend, in order to give his Majesty an opportunity of visiting the Serapis, but he generously declined, in consideration of the detention it would cause, at the same time expressing a hope of being able to visit the Serapis at Portsmouth on some future occasion. I may mention here that the ship was thrown open to the public as soon as she arrived, and at least 7,000 persons visited her on Thursday. In the evening the officers visited the Zoological Gardens, where they met with a most astonishing reception. As they entered the band played God save the Queen.' Amongst the thousands present every head was uncovered, while ladies waved their handkerchiefs, and vied with the male portion of the people in the warm- ness of the greeting. The crowd opened on each side to allow them to pass at every step the cheers were deafening, and continued the whole time without intermission, except when the band played God save the Queen,' or the Brabangonne. The officers felt they were having such a reception as should only be ac- corded to royalty. In consequence of the passage to Antwerp having been made so as to save the tide up, the dinner prepared for the Belgians for that day was not required, so, at the suggestion of the paymaster (after serving a certain quantity to each mess of the crew), he, with my approval, communicated with the administration of the charities, who sent an officer on board, and received 800 lbs. of bread, 800 lbs. of beef, and 600 lbs. of mutton.—I have the honour to be, Sir, your most obedient servant, J. CLARK SOADY, GaDtain."
VALUABLE PROPERTY SEIZED BY THE POLICE. Thomas Gardner, a labourer in a gas factory, residing at 14, Short's-buildings, Clerkenwell, was charged at the Thames Police-court, on Thursday, on remand with stealing 7s. 6d., the moneys of Mr. Thos. Alexander, a baker. The prisoner lodged in the same house as the prose- cutor, and since Christmas last the prosecutor has been almost daily losing money from his till, but had not until lately suspected the prisoner. On the morning in question he saw the prisoner enter the shop by means of a false key, and after he left witness missed a packet containing 5s. worth of coppers. On the constable searching the prisoner's room he found the copper money loose in a box that was concealed under a heap of old boots and shoes and pieces of leather. The con- stable also found in the room 144 silk pocket handker- chieis, 20 watches, 30 silver chains, and 30 gold rings. Police-constable Knowles, 200 G, said that owing to the publicity that had been given to this case in the press a large number of persons had inspected the pro- perty, but none of it had been identified. The watches were old, and the chains did not appear to have been used for years. Mr. Cooke said that had it not been for the good cha- racter the prisoner had received, he should have passed on him a more severe sentence than the one he now intended to pass, viz., that the prisoner be confined in the House of Correction, with hard labour, for four calendar months. The prisoner was then removed.
THE BODY OF MAXIMILIAN.—The Indepen- dance Beige, in a correspondence from Mexico, dated the 28th of June, has the following in a posteript :The body of Maximilian has just been given up to the Minister of Prussia. As to the Minister of France, it is asserted that he will be detained as a hostage for damages which the Government claims to recover from France."
TOWN TALK r BY OVB SPECIAL COBBZSPONDBWT. --+- ow "ad#" tom unamtand thd we do not hold ourstiva respon- IiWf/or eur abz. Correspondent's oinitiovi. -+- -1 ONE of the most important questions with vrliieli the next Parliament will have to deal will be that of educa-" tion. The Session is too far advanced for any satisfac- tory discussion of the subject now, but all parties must take it into serious consideration next spring, with a view to a definite settlement. The main question at issue will be—How far is education to be compulsory ? And as it seems certain that it will of necessity be so to a considerable extent, the bill dealing with the subject must be made as elastic as possible. The great fault of Mr. Fawcett's bill for the better education of agricul- tural children was, it drew a "hard and fast "edu- cational line, and was calculated to render compulsory education as distasteful as possible. The House of Com- mons, however, has done wisely in rejecting it, and may in the meantime wait till Lord Shaftesbury's bill, which has been approved of in the Upper House, comes down to them for consideration. Few men have bestowed greater attention on the subject than Lord Shaftesbury, and he 'is, moreover, practically acquainted with the wants and requirements of the children of the labouring classes. While Mr. Fawcett made attendance at school on alter- nate days compulsory, Lord Shaftesbury more sensibly desires to make compulsory only a certain aggregate number of days throughout the year. It is well known that in the case of a labourer earning only eight or ten shillings a week, the earnings of his children form an.important part of his income, and one which lie could not afford to lose. The greater number of agricultural labourers would doubtless be glad to have their children educated, if they could afford the loss consequent on sending them to school. The principle of the Factory Acts which is adopted both by Mr. Fawcett and Lord Shaftesbury, would press very heavily on the agricultural popula- tion, unless carefully adapted to their requirements. The conditions of labour in different counties, the seasons of increased demand for work in various parts of the country, must be considered. The State is bound to protect children from enforced ignorance, but the work must be done with gentleness and moderation to ensure success. Education of the most rudimentary character is all that must at first be aimed at; a more extended system will follow in due course. The question is ong of such vast importance, involving not only the welfare of this, but of succeeding generations, that it must be dealt with in no party spirit, but with an earnest desire to make the bill as perfect as possible. UPWARDS of 600,000 persons perished of hunger in the spring and summer of last year. And this hap- pened in a province of British India, the greatest and richest of all our dependencies. No one seems to be responsible for this fearful calamity and had not Lord C, ranbome called the attention of the Hoase of Commons to the fact, a few nights ago, the Orissa famine would only have been considered one of the many blunders incidental to official routine, and would have been for- gotten. But at last the indignation of Parliament, and of the nation at large, has been aroused; and Govern- ment promises to see into the matter closely, and with due energy. WlULE speaking of her Majesty, I may mention that there seems too much reason to believe that the late report in the Lancet regarding her health is in no way exaggerated. Painful headaches, sickness, and prostra- tion seem to be too often the accompaniments of any extra fatigue or excitement on the part of the Queen. It is well that her subjects should know this and while ardently desiring her presence among us again, we should not join too readily in the cry raised in certain quarters that she is neglecting her duties. Certainly this season has been an exceptionally brilliant one, and no one could have worked harder to discharge the onerous duties of his station than the Prince of Wales. It seems probable, too, that he will remain iu town until the prorogation of Parliament, which will hardly take place until the 20th of this month. London, however, is thinning rapidly. WE are curiously unfortunate in architectural matters in this country. The majority of our public buildings are in the worst possible taste, and whenever an opportunity occurs for the talent of our architects to assert itself it is generally thrown away. We are not likely to have so good a chance of redeeming our character in this respect in the present century, as is now afforded by the concentration of the Law Courts. An immense Palace of Justice is to be raised in the heart of London, fronting one of the most important thoroughfares of the metropolis. It is some time since this was determined on, and many architects have sent in designs which have been freely commented on in the public press. But instead of the competition being an open one-only a certain number of recognised archi- tects being allowed to compete-the competition was to be a select one. And what is the result ? The committee have pronounced a verdict rather upon the merits of the architects than their drawings. They recommend that Mr. Street should design the elevation, and Mr. Barry prepare the plan. No design is said to have been completely satisfactory, and this ridiculous idea, for it can be called nothing else, has been promulgated probably to relieve the judges from the difficulty of choosing one man, or rejecting the whole of the select candidates. One good effect will come of this, as has been pointed out-the whole question will be re-opened, and it is to be hoped that Parliament will throw open the competition, and that, if possible, a more competent committee of judges will be appointed. WE are in difficulties also about the India-office. It is proposed to roof over the court-yard permanently, as was done on the occasion of the ball lately given te the Sultan. Glazed courts in Paris and elsewhere are urged as examples. The proposers of this plan, among whom is Mr. Cole, seem entirely to forget how necessary open courts are to the light and ventilation of a building; and how important to health and comfort light and ventilation are. We are quite stifled eneugh in London by sombre architecture and a perpetual canopy of smoke, without closing up any of those open spaces which are the lungs of the metropolis. THE eighth party of English workmen sent to Paris by the Paris Excursion Committee has just been despatched by the Newhaven and Calais routes. They were about one hundred and sixty in number, and went off highly delighted at the prospect of their holiday in the gayest city in Europe. Such travel is education to the artisan. It will tend to remove many of the pre- judices existing in his mind against foreigners, and teach him at the same time to value more highly those insti- tutions of his own country, which they do not manage better in France." THE latest plan of advertising is a remarkable one. The names of pieces running at some of the theatres, of tradesmen, or the wares they wish to call attention to, are stamped in black or red letters on the flagstones. There are plenty of hoardings covered with advertise- ments in London, without this new mode of exhibiting them. It is on the increase just now, but it is probable that before long the authorities of the various parishes will step in to prevent it. Z.
A SUPPLEMENT to the London Gazette was pub- lished on Saturday, giving an official account of the investiture of his Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and of Bohemia, with the ensigns and habit of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, at Vienna, on the 25th ult. John G»«N»II M»4 CO.'S CHERRY Tonfli RPTI,N Decidedly the best preparation for cleansing and preserving the te*th Sold by ali perfumers and chemists.- ^3. Upper Ibames-street London* -Xeating's Insect Destroying Powder. Fleas, ^88, Beetles, Moths, 4c., are instantly destroyed by this foyggi-.quito harmless to animal life. Sold in Packets 1?., ana Tina 2a. 6cL, by T. KEATING, 79, st. Paul's Church-yard. ° £ I<ocock's Pulmonic Wafers, taken two OT three times a day, gives instant relief and rnpi !ly cures asthma, consumption, coughs, and an disorders of che breath and lunzg. Price ls. lid., 2s. 9d., 4s. 61., and lis, per t-ox.