TITE IICO-YFESSIOIVAL UNMASKED" CONSIDERED AN INDECENT WORK. At Marlborough street Police court, on Monday, William Reach was charged by Lieutenant F. Sandys Dugmore, of her Majesty's Royal Canadian Rifles, with selling indecent books and with obstructing the public footpath. The complainant said he was passing through Tottenliam-coart-road when he saw the defendant selling a work called the Confessional Unmasked," published by the Protestant Union. He wished to direct the attention of the magistrate to one or two points which would prove the work to be indecent. Mr. Tyrwhitt, having looked at the passages referred to, said the book was certainly a very dirty book," and he should now ask the defendant what he had to say. The defendant stated that he got the book from the secretary of the Protestant Union he sold it with- out knowing anything of its contents. The com- plainant, however, must have known more about the work than he chose to avow, because in a few minutes after the purchase he brought a constable and gave him into custody. Mr. Tyrwhitt wished to know how the complainant came to hit upon the indecent pas- sages so readily. The complainant said he had seen in the newspapers an account of the seizure and condemna- tion of the work by some magistrates in the Midland Counties. He had not read the work before he bought it of the defendant, and was unacquainted with its con- tents beyond what he learnt of them from the news- papers. Mr. Tyrwhitt said it was certainly odd that the complainant should know so much about a work which he had never read. As for what appeared in the newspapers, he could not take anything of the kind into account, unless he had placed before him an authentic and impartial report of what really occurred. The work sold by the defendant might be different from the work condemned by the magistrates. The defendant said he got the work from the secretary of the union, and his only object in selling it was to get the price of a day's work for his family. The complainant said he was an officer in her Majesty's service and he hoped he should be believed on his oath when he stated that he had only given four hours' attention to the work since the de- fendant had been in custody. Mr. Tyrwhitt said the work purported to consist of translations of questions asked of women in the confessional. He pronounced no opinion upon the accuracy of the translation, but cer- tainly nothing could be more objectionable than the matter. The defendant might have known nothing about the work he was selling lie had, however, created an ob- struction by carrying a large placard, and for that offence he fined him Is.
THE PARDON OF MR. GREENLAND. INDIGNATION MEETING. A meeting of the Leeds Chamber of Commerce called by Mr. Darnton Lupton, the president, was held on Monday, and many of the first men of business in the town attended it. In opening the proceedings, Mr. Lupton said, in the course of his business life he did not remember any circumstance occurring which had affected all of them to such an extent as this strange release of Mr. Greenland from prison had done. When his mis- doings first became known, it appeared for some timers if he would escape altogether, being brought either to the bar of public opinion, or of punishment, in con- sequence of the peculiar circumstances of the case; but at length he (the chairman) had an interview with the Board of Inland Revenue with reference to Mr. Greenland having sworn to false bank returns, and they agreed to assist in any prosecution, though not to find any of the expenses. At length he was convicted and sentenced to 15 months' imprisonment, with hard labour, the judge telling him that but for his advanced years and increasing infirmities he would have been sent to penal servitude. For some time after his arrival at Leeds Gaol he was an inmate of the hospital, and, instead of the ordinary diet and discipline, he was at once put on fifth-class diet, which is the best, and he had wine and such things as were necessary for an invalid freely given to him, owing to his bodily infirmities (a laugh). When his health was sufficiently restored to permit of his being put in a cell as an ordinary prisoner, application was made on his behalf that Macaulay's Essays, Scott's Novels, and such litera- ture might be provided, as the books in the library of the gaol were insufficient for an. educated gentleman. It was felt that to give a prisoner such books as the Waverley Novels" would be taking away much of that fair amount of punishment which a gaol should always impose, and was contrary to all notions of prison discipline. He (the chairman) mentioned this because something had been said about the cruelty of not allowing the prisoner such books as he had a fancy for. (A Voice Well may we have so many prisoners.) The chairman went on to say that the pardon of Mr. Greenland had been granted without the least previous intimation being given to the visiting justices. A few weeks ago the Home Secretary had made some inquiries from the surgeon, and that gentleman had replied that Mr. Greenland's health certainly was not good, but no doubt it was necessarily more or less impaired by his imprisonment in gaol. However, the visiting justices were not applied to, but, on Wednesday morning, to their utter astonishment, the first intimation came that Mr. Greenland had received a pardon-an un- conditional pardon. He could but say that he felt a great wrong had been dene to the mercantile community, that after five months' imprisonment crimes such as Mr. Greenland's should be condoned in that way. He held in his hand a list of the shareholders of the Leeds Banking Company. It was a melancholy list to look over, for there were no two of them now consecutively who were not either reduced to wretchedness or misery, or were dead. At the time of the stoppage of the bank there were 243 shareholders, but now there remained only 51 and there were about 20 estates of deceased shareholders. At least 25 of the proprietors had died directly or indirectly in consequence of the losses they had sustained. In addition to these, there had been two or three suicides but these really did not present the most lamentable aspect of the case, for they had yet to re- member the cases of the widows and spinster ladies who had lost their all, and were now objects of wretchedness and misery. It was not necessary to dilate further upon these things. He proceeded to mention, however, that a man named Scaife was in Leeds Gaol who had been sentenced to 15 years' penal servitude, and would never have been in that position but for the villany of Mr. Greenland. He could not for a moment conceive why, if mercy was shown to Greenland, it should not also be extended to Scaife. It was exceedingly unpleasant to have to refer to such things, but he could not help thinking that it looked as if there was one law for the rich, and another for the poor (hear, hear). Alder- man Tatham moved, and Mr. F. Baines seconded, "That the frauds proved against Edward Green- land, late a prisoner in the Leeds County Gaol, are of a most flagrant kind, and this meeting having ™ J 7^ a free Pa^on has been granted to the said Edward Greenland, is of opinion that the grounds on public "S pardon was granted should te made On the motion of Mr. Lishman, it was resolved to petition the House of Commons for copies of the corres- pondence and memorials having reference to such pardon, ,nq""y be made •» stances of the case. After several gentlemen present had expressed their gratification that the Chamber of Commerce had taken this matter in hand, the meeting concluded with a vote of thanks to the presidents
AN ADOPTED CHILD. A suit brought by a mother to recover possession of a child she had abandoned under rather singular circum- stances, more than nine years ago, has just been heard before the Civil Tribunal of Paris. On the 4th of May, 1858, a person named Martin, accompanied by another, M. Delignon, presented to the Commissary of Police for the district of St. Martin a female child, aged about two- and-a-half years, which he declared he had found exposed atthe doorof a house, with apaper bearing the words She has neither father nor mother pinned to her dress. M. Delignon at the same time offered to adopt the child, which was in consequence made over to him with the necessary formalities, and receiving his name, with the addition of Louise Marie. M. Delignon has since died, and the girl, now 11 years old, has been brought up by his widow. A woman named Rottier, wife of a gen- darme, at present deceased, lately came forward to claim the child as her daughter. She declared that on the death of her husband, in 1857, Delignon, with whom she had been on terms of intimacy, and who had been a friend of her husband, Rottier, offered to adopt the child, he having no family of his own that offer was accepted, and, in concert with the mother and M. Martin, the pretended abandonment was arranged. Delignon at the same time gave a written paper to the mother acknowledging that the child was hers. Mdme. Delignon appears, however, to have been ignorant of the parentage of the child and of the scheme in ques- tion, which was probably intended to conceal from her the intimacy of her husband with the woman Rottier, who had, moreover, been partially maintained by Delig- non to the moment of his death. Mdme. Delignon had conceived a sincere affection for the girl, to whom she had acted as a mother during the last nine years, and in consequence she refused to give her up to the per- son claiming to be the parent. The tribunal, however, decided that the proofs of the maternity of the woman Rottier were incontestable, and ordered Mdme. Delignon to restore the child to the mother and pay the costs of the suit.
PERFECTLY SOBER. diaries Turner, a tall, portly, fine-looking man, a farmer, at Stone Mead, Sussex, was charged at Bow- street, on Tuesday, with being drunk and incapable of taking care of himself. Police-constable Mills, F 140, said the prisoner was drunk the previous night in Drury-lane, and a man (now in custody) attempted to rob him. As he was quite in- capable of taking care of himself witness took him to the station-house. The Prisoner: I utterly deny the charge. I was quite capable of taking care of myself. I was going home and should have found my way all right if I had been left to myself. Inspector Parker said he was at the station-house when the charge was taken. The prisoner was com- pletely drunk and incapable. The Prisoner: I suppose they think I was drunk because I was quiet (a laugh). Could not walk very well? Mills: You could not walk very well. You were rolling about (a laugh). Prisoner: You probably don't know what drunken- ness is (renewed laughter) ? Mr. Flowers Do you remember what occurred ? Prisoner Everything most distinctly. I was per- fectly sober. Mr. Flowers Have you any recollection of an attempt being made to,rob you ? The Prisoner: No such thing occurred. There was no attempt to rob me. My money is safe, and so is my watch. I had plenty of money, and I have got it still quite safe. As for my watch, I don't bslieve the man would steal it. It is not worth it. Mr. Parker He has also a medal. Prisoner I beg your pardon. (He was about to say more, but checked himself on perceiving that he had his medal attached to his button-hole.) Well; I have got my medal safe. Mr. Parker But the man tried to take it. Prisoner No such thing. I believe he is a very re- spectable man. Mr. Flowers: Well, I will hear that case before I de- cide this. I do this for your satisfaction, as you say you were not drunk, though I really have no doubt about it and this is the first time I have heard a person deny it under such circumstances. John Donovan, a young man dressed as a labourer, was then placed at the bar charged with attempting to rob Mr. Turner. Mr. Flowers: I suppose you yourself make no charge against him ? Mr. Turner: Certainly not. I have no doubt he is a respectable working man. He says so, and I believe him. Police-constable Hine, F 169, said he saw Mr. Turner treating a prisoner and a woman at the bar of the Marlborough Head, Drury-lane. The prisoner took the woman aside and spoke with her in a corner. He then returned to the bar, drew the medal from his pocket, put it back and drew out the watch, but seeing that he was observed, put it back again. Mr. Flowers (to the prisoner) You are fortunate- in the person who ought to be the prosecutor. I hope he is more right in believing you to be respectable than in thinking he was sober. I shall discharge you, and he must pay the usual fine of 5s. Mr. Turner (with great astonishment) Nonsense! (laughter).
LORD HENRY THYNNE, M.P., ON THE TORY LEADERS. Lord Henry Thynne, M.P. for South Wilts, occupied the chair at the dinner of the Chippenham Agricultural Association, the other day. In responding to the toast of his health he said I came before you on the last occasion thinking I was supporting those in whom you and I could place implicit reliance, but what have we found ? Faith broken, the trust which we had re- posed in our leaders betrayed, and those principles which they advocated not this year and the year before, but for the last ten or fifteen years-at all events, ever since I have been in Parliament—thrown to the winds and I and those who have supported that party have been asked to throw over our prin- ciples in the same way as they have thrown us over (cheers). Last year I took what I believed to be a straightforward course with reference to the Reform Bill which was then introduced, not because I objected to Reform, but because I considered that the bill intro- duced by the late Government was wrongly constituted. That bill, by Lord Derby's and Mr. Disraeli's advice, we threw out; and now, this year, we are asked by the very men who asked us to throw out the bill to support a franchise still lower, and with what I consider a very unfair redistribution of seats. Nor is this all. I do not hesitate to say that every pledge which Lord Derby made at the meeting when he called us together in Downing-street has been broken (hear, hear). I a<n*ee with every word which was said by General Peel and Lord Cranborne on the subject. I believe that the only principle which has influenced the Government in this matter has been that of place and pay and patronage, and the result will be, as the electors of this county will find, to throw the representation into the towns and to annihilate the counties. I do not wish to go further into the subject, but as member for South Wilts I wish to say that my principles are the same as they were when you elected me-that they are the same as they were last year and that, although her Majesty's Government have broken faith with you, I remain the same as I always was. In a second speech his lordship said He had had to sit from the first week in February until now seeing the party which he used to worship degraded lower and lower, and they must therefore make some excuse for him if he felt strongly when that particular topic was touched upon. If there was one thing more than another which had aroused his indignation, it was the reply which Mr. Disraeli gave to Lord Cranborne, when Lord Cranborne taxed him with inconsistency of conduct, and compared his present course with that which he had professed last year. What was Mr. Disraeli's reply? He said, when I opposed the franchise of last year, I then meditated a franchise similar to that which the Govern- ment has now brought forward. You no doubt," said Lord Henry, "have most of you been used to auctions, and when you attend them you like them to go off quickly; but the auction to which we have been subjected has been going on for more than twelve months, during which we have been sold not once, but over and over again, until it vl ™posfb e t0 know what will be the ultimate result And we are now told by Mr. Disraeli that he t jJ'T s™P]y to come in himself and f™°,. thls blU* 1 say> if the lowering of the Was necessary, it would have been more creditable m the Conservative party to have accepted the bill from the other side than to have come down to the pitch to wliLL we have been brought, and that merely for the sake of office. It has lowered and degraded not only those who have assisted to carry the measure, but those also who have left the party, be- cause it nas made them feel what idiots they have been to be bought and sold over and. over again in such a I manner. It is this which makes me feel so stronly and speak so strongly on the siibjoct."
EXTRACTS FROM OUR COMIC PAPERS. (From Punch.) REPRESENTATION OF MINORITIES. DEAR PUNCH,—I don't read penny papers, nor do I make a study of politics. Old maids may, but I am not an old maid. As to what is going on in Parliament, I know no more from reading than Mop does (Mop is asleep on my velvet mantle-how happy he looks, bless him with his hair all over his eyes), yet when I travel, too often alone, from London to Brighton by odious rail, I can't help learning something from loud-talking M.P.'a, whose conversation, instead of taking a light, first-class tone, invariably falls into a heavy Parliamentary train. (I said odious rail, didn't I ? Yes because there is a charming four-horse coach now, and I should So. like to occupy the box-seat.) Where was I ? Oh, I remember. Well, it seems that some sensible man in the Commons has been proposing to give a voice to minorities—a still small voice, of course—in legislative matters. Now, that I call a very kind thing indeed for dear Punch, by way of illustration, just look at my position. I am a ward in Chancery, and shall be till next ApriL Corne- lius and I have been engaged for nearly two years. Cornelius is a cornet, and will be 18 next birthday. In law we are both infants, and during our minorities are looked upon as things of no more consequence than a crochet-needle or a ball of cotton. We must not dream of being united for an age (at least for eight months), unless the chancellor will kindly give his consent, which, as Cornelius is entirely dependent on his father, who allows him 2300 a year to find him in cigars, is very, very doubtful. And although I am entitled to X30,000, and mean to give it all to Cornelius on our bridal day, I am not allowed, at present, to have a will of my own! How do you account for all this injustice ? simply because there is no representation of minorities —it stands to reason it can't proceed from anything else. Now, Mr. Mill is a dear creature, and I am a person very unfortunately situated, and I therefore leave my case in his hands, feeling with him that until every per- son, and especially young persons, are properly repre- sented, we can never have that political paradise of which his admirers so fondly dream, and which I hope will soon be realised, although I differ from them on one point, and cannot allow that mind should take precedence of millinery in their approaching millennium. Dashington Chase. DIANA DERBY. P.S.—Is Mr. Mill a military man? Cornelius fancies he must be, because it is reported he once had the com- mand of a review. AN ANECDOTE COMPLETED.—The National Portrait Exhibition contains a picture of Dr. Freind, and in the catalogue we are told that he was imprisoned in the Tower, and released by Sir Robert Walpole at the re- quest of Dr. Mead, who refused to prescribe for Sir Robert till he had obtained an order for his friend's re- lease." The editor has omitted to add, that when Freind heard what Mead had done for him he said, A friend in Mead is a friend indeed." THE ORGANISATION OF MURDER.—There are artisans at Sheffield who refuse to work with any man who does not belong to their Trades' Union, but have no objection to working with Crookes, the murderer. All such work- men ought to be working in gangs. To CONSERVATIVES WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.—Will household suffrage let into the eonstituencies the class of persons whom Mr. Bright calls" rat catchers 1 If so, let the rats look out. ECCLESIASTICAL.—The Council of Trent. Drink Bass's bitter." DRINK FOR LAWYERS.—The Wool-sack. xFrom Fun.) "THE POET.We suppose the Times, with that marvellous adaptability it possesses, sent a gentleman of thoroughly corporate mind to notice the Corporation display at the Guildhall. As of course City magnates know more about turtle soup than about Heliconian springs, prefer green fat to green bays, and think a poet a very inferior composer to a cook, the Times reporter left his literature at home, and we are accordingly indebted to him for the following charming novelty The poet Wordsworth has somewhere said- A thing of beauty is of joy for ever.' We are a little afraid that if "the Poet Wordsworth ever said anything at all like that line anywhere, it must have been in Keats's Endymion," which is generally believed to have been written by the Poet Keats," not "the Poet Wordsworth." At any rate, Keats wrote :— A thing of beauty is a joy for ever." What a pity that the picturesque reporters of the Times are not always t hings of beauty. HI'VE AN IDEA "-A few days since a hive of bees was being conveyed through the High-street at Win- chester, in a South-Western delivery cart, when the corner of the hive by accident shifted. The bees in es- caping became enraged and stung the driver of the cart, and he, being enraged in turn, turned the hive into the street, where the bees stung a number of passers-by, who fled in all directions. It is very evident that if the bees did not know how to be-hive themselves, the driver did'nt in the least know how to behave himself, as behove, or he would not have allowed the bee-hive to be heaved into the street as described behuve-we beg pardon, above CHARITABLE ENDS.—A society has been formed at Munich for the collection of cigar-ends. It puts forth an address to all smokers in Bavaria, and begs them to give their cigar-ends to the society, as means to the end it has in view, for it means to apply the proceeds of the sale of these unconsidered trifles to the clothing of poor children. It is calculated that upwards of £ 500,000 a-year may be obtained in this way. This is making smokers "stamp" up with a vengeance. THE GREATEST ATTRACTION IN HYDE-PARK.- The "Ladie-s' Mile. A HACKNEYED E-XPRESSION. "Riding the high horse." 0 ° VERY LIKELY !—Look here, what we've found in the papers A Respectable Family want PLACE, RENT, and FIRING free, in return for looking after it.—Address. We know a great many respectable families who have been looking after something of the sort for a long time. We fancy when the advertisers have looked after it till they have found it, they will probably get it, but not before, however much they may wish. BROACHING A QUEER SUBJECT.—This is curious LOST, en the streets of GUsgoiv, yesterday, a Silver. U mounted Pebble Brooch. By returning it to Mr S Druggist, Road, they will be rewarded. The streets, it appears, are to be rewarded if "they'' return the lost property. But we fear the offer, like the brooch, will be lost on them. THE FETE-AL MISTAKE.—We believe there is no truth in the report that next year the organisers of the Dramatic Fete will supplement the Music-hall attrac- tions by a "Judge and Jury" booth. A rumour that they would be proceeded against under Lord Campbell's Act for the sale of certain photographs is also without foundation. But we do believe that there will be no Dramatic Fete at all next year. A HINT FROM DR. GUMMING TO LADIES ABOUT TO MARRY.—Bee-master. THE ROCK AHEAD. What a young husband fore- sees when the cradle is brought home. (From Judy.) CURIOUS FACT IN ORNITHOLOGY.—Crows have the character of being great thieves but, strange to say, they never take anything without first bringing it before the beak NEW WORKS. The Habits of Untidy Women by A. Trollope. The Butler with Fifty Flames by the author of A Valley (valet) of a Hundred Fires The Poetry of Croquet Balls;" by A Tenis'un. THERE is an old saying that a fellow-feeling makes us wondrous kind." But that is not always the case. When we find a fellow feeling for our watch, we are by no means inclined to be wondrous kind. ON former occasions greaves was prepared for the dogs. Since the introduction of the licensing system, a great number of dogs have to be prepared for their graves. WHAT promontory would an Irishman mention when in a row ?—"Kape Clear." JUSTIFIABLE MONOPOLY.—Keeping yourself to your- self. WHEN does an acrobat resemble a cheese.—When he's a Stilt-on. DEFINITION for the Human Hair—The thatch of your ignorance. THE most Universal Tax-The tax on one's patience. (From the Tomahawk.) IN THE PRESS. We are happy to announce that the following in- teresting works, by members of the Royal Family, will be shortly published :— "Recollections of the Nursery." By H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. (Edited by his Nurse.) How I Fought my Brother for Two Shillings a-side and a New Humming Top." By H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh. "Draughts on my Scrap Book." By H.R.H. the Princess Alice of Great Britain and Ireland. My First Spelling Lesson." By H.R.H. the Princess Beatrice..
THE EARLY YEARS OF HIS ROYAL I HIGHNESS THE PRINCE CONSORT. | HIS MARRIAGE. The first volume of the "Early Years of Prince Albert has been compiled, under the direction of her Majesty the Queen, by Lieut. General the Hon. C. Grey, and we extract the following notice of the mar- riage preliminaries given in the Times of July 29th The course of events which led to the marriage be- tween the Queen and the Prince Consort is clearly indi- cated in this volume. From their earliest years the hope of the marriage was cherished by the Duchess Dowager of Coburg, who was their common grandmother. From the letters we have quoted it will be seen how the two children, "The flower of May" in England and Albert at Rosenau, were constantly connected in her thoughts. Moreover, she cannot have made this idea any secret, for the Prince in after years told the Queen that his nurse used to chatter to him about this destiny, and that, when he first thought of marriage at all, he always thought of her. But the King of the Belgians seems to have been more coneerned than any one else in bringing the marriage about. From the first he discerned in the Prince the qualities which fitted him for such a position, and in 1836 Baron Stockmar, the Prince's faithful friend in after years, wrote to the king to express a similar opinion. The arrangement encountered, nevertheless, a good deal of opposition. King William IV. was very much averse to it, and tried, it is said, everything to prevent it. No less than five marriages were contem- plated for the young Princess, and King William desired more especially to marry her to Prince Alexander of the Netherlands, brother to the present King of Holland. With these views, he endeavoured to pre- vent the visit of the Duke of Coburg to England in 1836, but, as we have seen, without success; and after this visit the marriage was very generally expected, though, as the Queen tells us, nothing had as yet been arranged. At length, early in 1838, the King of the Belgians seems to have mentioned the subject to the Queen. At least, in March'of that year he spoke openly to Prince Albert on the subject, and, of course, with the Queen's cognisance. The prospect of delay was, as we said, strongly opposed by Prince Albert and his father, and the Prince himself states that when he came over in 1839 he intended to have told the Queen that unless she made up her mind he must withdraw from the affair. His anxiety, however, was unnecessary. He reached Windsor on the 10th of October, and was engaged on the 15th. The circumstances of this happy event our readers have already learnt. This volume, moreover, gives us an interesting view of the feelings of the different parties who were concerned in its settlement. The Queen, about to be marrried to the husband of her choice, appears full of hope and happiness. She describes her own feel- ings in the following letter to her uncle Leopold:— Windsor Cascle, Oct. 15, 1839. My dearest Uncle,—This letter will, I am sure, give you pleasure, for you have always shown and taken so warm an interest in all that concerns me. My mind is quite made up, and I told Albert this morning of it. The warm affection he showed me on learning this gave me great pleasure. He seems perfection, and I think that I have the prospect of very great hap- piness before me. I love him more than I can say, and shall do everything in my power to render this sacrifice (for such in my opinion it is) as small as I can. He seems to have great tact, a very necessary thing in his position. These last few days have passed like a dream to me, and I am so much bewildered by it *11 that I know hardly how to write, but I do feel very happy. It is absolutely necessary that this determination of mine should be known to no one but yourself and to Uncle Ernest until after the meeting of Parliament, as it would be considered otherwise neglectful on my part not to have assembled Parliament at once to inform them of it. Lord Melbourne, whom I have, of course, consulted about the whole affair, quite approves my choice, and expresses great satisfaction at this event, which he thinks in every way highly desirable. Lord Melbourne has acted in this business, as he has always done towards me, with the greatest kindness and affection. We also think it better, and Albert quite approves of it, that we should be married very soon after Parliament meets, about the beginning of February. Pray, dearest uncle, forward these two letters to Uncle Ernest, to whom I beg you will enjoin strict secrecy, and explain these details, which I have not time to do, and to faithful Stockmar. I think you might tell Louise of it, but none of her family. "I wish to keep the dear young gentleman here till the end of next month. Ernest's sincere pleasure gives me great delight. He does so adore dearest Albert. "Ever. dearest uncle, your devoted niece "V. R." King Leopold's answer to this is in the same homely and affectionate strain which characterises all that we hear of him in this volume, and it shows how much his heart had been set upon the marriage October 24, 1839. My dearest Victoria,—Nothing could have given me greater pleasure than your dear letter. I had, when I learnt your decision, almost the feeling of old Simeon Now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace.' Your choice has been for these last years my conviction of what might and would be best for your happiness and just because I was convinced of it, and knew how strangely fate often changes what one tries to bring about as being the best plan one could fix upon-the maximum of a good arrangement-I feared that it would not happen. In your position, which may and will perhaps be- come in future even more difficult in a political point of view, you could not exist without having a happy and agreeable And I am much deceived (which I think I am not), or you will find in Albert just the very qualities and disposition which are indispensable for your happiness, and which will suit your own character, temper, and mode of life. You say most amiably that you consider it a sacri- fice "on the part of Albert. This is true in many points, because his position will be a difficult one but much, I may say all, will depend on your affection for him. If you love him, and are kind to him, he will easily bear the bothers of his position, and there is a steadiness and at the same time a cheerfulness in his character which will facilitate this. I think your plans excellent. If Parliament had been called at an unusual time it would make them un- comfortable and if, therefore, they receive the commu- nication at the opening of the Session it will be best. The marriage, as you say, might then follow as closely as possible. "LEOPOLD R." The Dowager Duchess of Gotha was naturally full of trouble at the thought of being separated from the grandson over whom she had watched with so much care. She was greatly pleased, however, because the Queen wrote her a letter, as she interpreted this as a reflection of the Prince's regard for her. The Duchess of Kent was rejoiced, though it was afterwards a trouble to her to be separated from the Queen, and, for the first time since she had been in England, to live alone. Prince Albert's brother Ernest, the present reigning duke, was also disturbed at the thought of separation, and a letter from him to the Queen is not only full of the best wishes for his cousin, but speaks in the most enthusi- astic terms of his brother. Nor is the language that of commonplace praise. It agrees remarkably with the pecu- liar characteristics of the Prince as we afterwards learn them. He speaks of him as not only so clever, but of such pure and noble impulses that he never knew what it was to hesitate." In the Prince's subsequent life it is certainly very striking to observe how promptly, and with a fine instinct often thought peculiar to women, he at once showed the right course to be followed. The Prince himself at this time appears moved by conflicting feelings. He was not less happy than the Queen in the affection of his future consort, but his joy is tinged with some anxiety. In a letter to his mother he writes that with the exception of his relations to the Queen, his future posi- tion will have its dark side but he consoles himself with the same reflexion as he had suggested to the Queen at her accession. "Life," he says, "has its thorns in every position; and the consciousness of having used one's powers and endeavours for an object so great as that of promoting the good of so many will surely be sufficient to support me." He is conscious I that he must throw all his energies into the land of his adoption, and separate himself in a great decree from his native countij but he assures one of his corre- spondents that he will not forget his old home, and that it is intention to be a true German and a true Coburg and Gotha mail." In a word, he betrays a sense of re- sponsibility most unusual in his age and position, and very noble impulses. Perhaps a frank letter to his friend Prince Lowenstein gives us the best view of his mingled feelings tJ "Yes--I am now actually a bridegroom! and about the 4th of February hope to see myself united to her I love! "You know how matters stood when I last saw you here. After that the sky was darkened more and more. The Queen declared to my uncle of Belgium that she wished the affair to be considered as broken off, and that fol four VP" -1, n,,1.:1 n therefore wth the quiet but firm resolution to declare, 011 my part, that I also, tired of the delay, withdrew entirely from the affair. It was not, however, thus ordained by Providence for on the second day after our arrival the most friendly demonstrations were directed towards me, and two days later I was secretly called to a private audience, in which the Queen offered me her hand and heart. The strictest secrecy was required. Ernest alone knew of it, and it was only at eur departure that I could communicate my engagement to my mother. I think I shall be very happy, for Victoria possesses all the qualities which makes a home happy, and seems to be attached to me with her whole heart. "My future lot is high and brilliant, but also plenti- fully strewed with thorns. Struggles will not be want- ing, and the month of March already appears to have storms in store. The separation from my native country-from dear Coburg-from so many friends, is very painful to me When shall I see you again, dear Lowenstein ? H Pray show no one this letter, I write you these details, relying upon your silence, for I know your friendship for me. Now good-bye, and think sometimes of your "ALBERT." We may conclude, however, that his hopes far over- powered his anxiety. On his return to Coburg he met his uncle Leopold at Wiesbaden, who, in a letter to the Queen, describes him as full of fun and gaiety." By the people of this country, the marriage, when announced to them, was welcomed with enthusiastic delight. Per- haps, as Lord Melbourne said to the Queen, what gave them the greatest satisfaction was the knowledge that the marriage was one of affection, and not a mere State arrangement. But, in addition to this, they were ex- tremely glad to be delivered from the prospect of a reunion with Hanover; and the King of Hanover, who after the demise of the Queen was the next heir to the throne, was very unpopular. Lastly, in Gotha and Coburg we hear that there were sad lamenta- tions over the prospect of the loss of the Prince, but this, too, must have been abundantly balanced by their delight at his good fortune and the Prince in a letter to the Queen describes how, on the day of the public declaration of the marriage, they went on firing in the streets with pistols and guns during the whole night, so that you would have imagined that a battle was taking place." Meanwhile the arrangements preliminary to the mar- riage were being conducted in England. The engagement was not made public until the Prince left England, which was on the 14th of November. On the following day the Queen wrote to the various members of the Royal family, and received kind answers from all of them. It was decided that the public announcement should be made in the first instance to the Privy Council, and the Queen returned for that purpose to Buckingham Palace on the 20th of November, where Lord Melbourne met her with a draught of the statement she was to make. The declaration was made on the 23rd of November, in the presence of 83 Privy Councillors, and it suggests sad reflections that no less than 61 of these are already dead. The Queen herself gives an interesting account of this brief scene Precisely at two (the Queen records in her journal) I went in. The room was full, but I hardly knew who was there. Lord Melbourne I saw looking kindly at me with tears in his eyes, but he was not near me. I then read my short declaration. I felt my hands shook, but I did not make one mistake. I felt most happy and thankful when it was all over. Lord Lans- downe then rose, and, in the name of the Privy Council, asked that I this most gracious and most welcome com- munication might be printed.' I then left the room, the whole thing not lasting above two or three minutes. The Duke of Cambridge 0 came into the small library where I was standing and wished me joy." The Queen always wore a bracelet with the Prince's picture, and I it seemed,' she adds in her journal, 'to give me courage at the Council.' The intended marriage having thus been made known to the public, the Queen was enthusiastically ceived at the opening of Parliament on the 16th of January, 1840, and in the two Houses all parties were unanimous in their congratulations.
THE REGISTRAR GENERAL'S QUARTERLY RETURN. The quarterly return of the marriages, births, and deaths registered in the divisions, counties, and dis- tricts of England, and published by authority of the Registrar-General, was issued on Tuesday night. During the first three months of the year 72,760 per- sons were married in England. In the quarter ending on June 30, 199,649 living children were born and registered, showing an excess of 7,190 over the numbers of the previous spring quarter. The birth rate was 3,742, which is the highest rate on record. In the same period 112,523 deaths were registered. The mortality was at the rate of 2.109 per cent., or 21 in the 1,000. The average death rate of this quarter is 22. In the 13 principal cities of the United Kingdom, containing about 6,187,764 people, the mortality was at the rate of 23 in 1,000. The rates of the great cities stand thus in order: London, 20; Bristol 21 Birmingham, 20 Liverpool, 26 Manchester 28 Salford, 25 Sheffield, 22 Leeds, 25 Hull, 22 New- castle-on-Tyne, 27; Edinburgh, 29; Glasgow', 29 Dublin, 27. In health Birmingham has had the best, Edinburgh the worst of it during the season. Even Glasgow is beat by Liverpool. In addition to her ex- cellent water, Glasgow will now get for its people the other complimentary requirements of salubrity; but Manchester in these measures, as in the water supply, may take the lead. London presents a striking contrast in health to its condition in the spring quarter of last year; the mortality, now 20, was then at the rate of 25. To every five funerals in that quarter four only were per- formed in this quarter. Cholera at the close of the previous June had broken out in the region of East London water supply; in the last June no traces re- mained of its malignant type
FIRE AT A SUGAR FACTORY. On Tuesday afternoon, between three and four o'clock. fire, suspected to be the work of an incendiary, broke out at the extensive sugar bakery and refining factory belonging to Messrs. Joseph Wohlgemouths, in Chris- tian-street, Backchurch-lane, Whitechapel. The works are several stories high, and were in full work, when suddenly the workpeople were startled by a cry that the stove was on fire, and at the same time the interior of the premises was filled with smoke, compelling them to make a speedy escape into the open air. The stove extended throughout the centre of the building, from the basement to the roof, having doorways leading into it on every floor, but it appears not to have had a fire in it for nearly 12 months, and no light has been known to have been taken into the place. This, and the circumstance of the fire having no doubt commenced in the basement part of the stove, led to a belief that it must have been the work of some malicious person. Captain Shaw, in less than 20 minutes reached the spot with a force of 150 men and nearly a dozen engines, most of which were steamers with steam up. The fire by that time assumed a threatening aspect, the stove was gutted, and the flames had extended through the sixth floor of the building and were issuing from all parts of the roof, but the fire- men eventually succeeded in getting the fire under and preserving the greater part of the factory, although the stock of sugar on the various floors was partly washed away by the torrents of water thrown in by the engines. The roof of the building, and the warehouse storey underneath, were entirely destroyed. The firm are insured in several fire offices to the extent, it was said, of £ 15,000.
♦ — SUICIDE OF A SOLDIER.-On Monday morn- ing, at Wellington Barracks, while the soldiers were sleeping, the report of a rifle was heard. It was dis- covered that a private of the 2nd Battalion Scots Fusilier Guards had apparently shot himself through the head. His rifle lay along the corpse, the butt near the feet, which were naked. In all probability he had pushed the trigger with his toe, and thus committed suicide.
DARING ROBBERY AT HONG-KONG.—DANGER TO THE ToWN.-The Overland China Mail reports a daring and artful robbery of gunpowder from the old magazine at Hillside, Hong-Kong, on the night of the 3rd ult. Two sentries guarded the magazine, one being stationed at the rear and the other pacing round the building. The thieves, nevertheless, succeeded in break- ing open the back door of the powder store, and carry- ing off 1.3 patent gunpowder cases, worth five guineas each, three of which they carried away full, strewing the powder in the remainder about the floor. The police succeeded in finding some of the cases in a godown, and arrested several Chinese. The blowing-up of the maga- zine, which might well have resulted from the proceed- ings of the thieves, would, it is said, cause the destruc- tion of. Hong-Kong. The thieves must have passed within two yards of one sentry and within three or four yards of the other. The sentries, who belong to the Ceylon Rifles, were court-martialled on the 7th ult., but the finding of the court was not known up to the dtptf
OPINIONS OF THE PRESS. THE BANK OF ENGLATfD. The public will learn with much satisfaction that a change is talked of in the 11 issue" and tellers" de- partments of the Bank of England, whereby much time and no little annoyance will be saved. It will be remem- bered by those who are in the habit of changing Bank of England notes for gold, that upon entering the office set apart for that purpose, the bearer, after having written his name and address upon the note, is required to hand it to a gentleman upon the other side of some brass railings for examination, in the first place, to ascer- tain whether it be a genuine note, and, in the second place, whether it is stopped. The examiner has before him an extensive list of the numbers of the notes which have been stopped, which list must be diligently scruti- nised to discover if the number of the present note be there or not. On receiving his note back the bearer works his way out of the crowd which will be generally found collected in front of this examining cashier, or inspector of notes," as he is professionally called, and proceeds to obtain gold for his note. Here a second delay takes place, the duration of which is proportioned to the number of people to be served. Instead of the inspection being confined to one spot in the office, and constituting the duty of one person alone, each cashier in the issue department will for the future i.e., when the organisation of the new system is completed-assume the responsibility of inspection himself. Pall-mall Gazette. THE BIRMINGHAM AND COVENTRY ELECTIONS. The Liberal triumphs at Coventry and Birmiiigham teach the Tories what they may expect. The plain truth is that the people at large are not in the slightest degree conciliated towards Toryism by what the Tory Government have done. The people know perfectly well why it was done. They know that the Tories became Reformers only that they might keep their opponents out of office. They know that if any trick or dodge of any kind whatever could have enabled the present Ministry to keep in office and yet withhold or postpone Reform, no stratagem would have been too mean for the adoption of the party. Therefore, the people feel no manner of gratitude to the Tories. Who feels grateful to a steward who is doing his best to em- bezzle one's property, and only gives up at last what he would fain keep on a threat of being handed over to the police? Who feels grateful to the fraudulent debtor who only pays when the sheriff's officers are at his elbow ? One never heard that the Roman Catholics of Ireland ever felt particularly grateful to the Duke of Wellington for their emancipation, or that any freedmen of the American States acknowledged a deep debt of thankfulness to Southern planters who at the latest hour accepted the conditions which the progress of events imposed on them. No Minister, however unscrupulous and clever, can dupe a whole nation, and the people at large quite see through Mr. Disraeli. They thank him —for nothing.—Morninq Star. DANGLERS. Men who, having no mind to marry, nevertheless employ and amuse themselves as much as they safely can by insinuating themselves into the affections of the inexperienced and young, under the pretence of being what they are not, and of meaning what they do not mean. Our contemporary complains that these noxious beings, wearing, as they do, the outward and visible semblance of men of feeling and honour, are with difficulty detected befare they have made a firm lodgmen in the homes and hearts of their victims, and, when detected, are not easily ejected with- out a scandal from which most women naturally shrink. 'Nobody willingly charges a dangler with intentions which the man has skilfully implied but has not declared; nobody willingly risks attracting attention to a cruel injury of so delicate and indefinable a nature that the sufferer can scarcely bear to admit it to herself, much less speak of it to others. And thus the dangler contrives to dangle on with im- punity from year to year, blighting the prospects and trifling with the affections of the poor girls whom he chooses for his amusement, until middle age, obesity, and gout-those sure avengers of a life of selfish plea- sure-overtake him; and then, leaning on some very crabbed stick, or perhaps without any stick at all to support his declining years, he sadly reflects on the many slender and comely saplings whom in his youth he has wantonly cut and cast aside.-Saturday Review. OUR NOBLE VOLUNTEERS. Among the healthiest signs of vitality in our volunteer army is the encapment at Shoeburyness. The National Artillery Association has initiated a work which ought to be warmly supported by the public. For the volunteers who assemble on the flats of Essex not only compete for prizes with great guns, but act while in camp like regular soldiers. They mount guard, parade, drill, and undergo the somewhat monotonous routine of military life the dulness of ordinary toil being relieved by nothing but the contest in front of the floating targets, the zest im- parted by rivalry, and the spirit of good fellowship. Artillery is an essential arm of defence. In the event of war the gunners on the coast might at any hour be under fire; should invasion be threatened the artillery would be almost invaluable; and practice with shot is essential to the efficiency of the service. Too much encourage- ment can hardly be given to gatherings like that at Shoe- buryness, and we feel confident that the Association will be well sustained. The meeting is not so showy as that at Wimbledon, but it is quite as useful.-Telegraph. OPPOSITION TO REFORM IN THE LORDS. When Lord Grey, contrasting the American Con- stitution with our own, asserted that the will of the House of Commons is necessarily s-upreme, he virtually cut away the ground from under his amendment. His previous declaration that he did not in any way intend to interfere with the progress of the bill may, however, be accepted as conclusive that at the proper stage the amendment will be withdrawn. It is sufficiently evident that Lord Grey could count on no effective support for his proposal. Lord Camperdown, in a maiden speech, ingenuously explained how impossible it was for a Liberal to support it. Lord Stratford de Redcliffe, avowing considerable sympathy with the opinions of Lord Grey, protested against the amendment, as at once unnecessary and dangerous. It is unnecessary, because it leads to no practical suggestion it is doubly dangerous from the elements of discord between the two Houses contained in it. We are glad, however, to believe that its hours are numbered, and can only regret that Lord Grey did, not formally signify last night his intention to withdraw it. -.Th c Times. What are the amendments which will be made on the bill in the Lords ?—that is the sole question in which either the public or the House of Commons feels any marked interest. As yet we cannot pretend to answer that question but that several amendments will be carried, and that some of them will be worthy of permanent adoption, we do not doubt. Lord Derby himself expresses regret (as we did at the time) that the Commons refused to adopt the Government proposal in regard to compounding for rates, and also the system of voting-papers. And we should not regret if some noble lord prevails upon the House to pass a resolution in favour of the cumulative vote, as a means of securing a fair system of representation instead of the virtual disfranchisement of all minorities, however large. It is very desirable, in our opinion, that those points should be submitted afresh to the judgment of the Commons. On each of those important points there was no decided majority, no matured and settled conviction, in the Lower House and none of them is in any respect a party question. In the general interests of the country, we desire to see those questions of detail rediscussed in the House of Lords and also an opportunity afforded to the Lower Hsuse to reconsider its judgments. If, on such reconsideration, the House of Commons choose to adhere to its former decisions, good and well; but at leas, let it have thP rm+mn of reversing those decisions if subsequent reflection has convinced it of their inexpediency— The Olobe. +
DEATH OF LORD ROBERT PELHAM CLINTON -We regret to announce the death of Lord Robert Pelham Clinton, uncle of the Duke of Newcastle, which occurred on the 25th of July, at Earlswood, near Reigate, after a protracted illness. The deceased lord was the youngest son of Henry Pelham, fourth Duke of Newcastle, and Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. E. Miller Mundy, of Shipley county, Derby. He was born on the 15th of October, 1820, and was a lieutenant of the Sherwood Rangers. The deceased nobleman formerly represented North Nottinghamshire in the House of Commons, being first returned at the general election of 1852 in conjunction with Lord Henry Bentinck, and also returned with the present Speaker of the House of Commons at the elections in 1857 and 1859. In politics he was a Liberal Conservative, being a H friend to our Protestant institutions," but advocated the great prin- ciples of civil and religious liberty," was in favour of an extension of the suffrage, but against the ballot. He was compelled to retire from his legislative duties at the close of the last Parliament, on account of his bad. health.
HEALTH OF THE METROPOLIS. The Registrar-General, in his usual report, states In the week that ended on Saturday, July 27, the births registered in London and 12 other large towns of the United Kingdom were 4,451; the deaths registered, 2,816. The annual rate of mortality was 24 per 1,000 persons living. In London the births of 1,107 boys'and 1,056 girls, in all 2,163 children, were registered in the week. In the corresponding weeks of 10 years, 1857- 66, the average number, corrected for increase of popula- tion, is 2,008. The deaths registered in London during the week were 1,347. It was the 30th week of the year; and the average number of deaths for that week is, with a correction for increase of population 1,453. The deaths in the present return are less by 106 than the estimated number. The deaths in the metropolis from diarrhoea have rapidly increased since the week which ended June 22, when 16 persons died from the disease; in the four following weeks the numbers were 48, 54, 115, 170. Last week 196 deaths from diarrhoea were registered; 39 of these cases occurred in the West, 59 in the North, 22 in the Central, 52 in the East, and 33 in the South districts. Twelve children and three adults died from cholera or choleraic diarrhoea. In the corresponding week of last year (1866) the deaths from diarrhoea were 349, and from cholera 904. The annual rate of mortality last week was 23 per 1,000 in London, 23 in Edinburgh, and 23 in Dublin 22 in Bristol, 21 in Birmingham, 27 in Salford, 21 in Sheffield, 24 in Leeds, 20 in Hull) 26 in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and 23 in Glasgow. The late in Vienna was 23 per 1,000 during the week ending the. 20th inst., when the mean temperature was 8'6 deg. Fahrenheit higher than in the same week in London, where the rate was 21.