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EPITOME OF NEWS.

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EPITOME OF NEWS. THE Emperor Maximilian's body LIAS been embalmed and brought to Vera Cruz, whence it will be conveyed to Europe. THE WE, IGI-IT of Belgian fruit exported to England amounted in one year to 10,000 tons, chiefly apples and pears. A DARING adventure has been performed by the crew of an American life-raft. These gallant fel- lows, three in number, brought over the raft from New York in forty-three days. No better evidence could be afforded of the utility of this invention for purposes of saving life at sea. A MUNTFICENT CHURCHMAN.—A gentleman who desires to preserve his incognito, has contributed £5,000 to the Bishop of London's Fund, for the-purpose of promoting the erection of a new church in Ken sal- green, the district around which is rapidly increasing in population. ABOUT 40,0001b. of fossil ivory, that is to say, the tusks of at least 100 mammoths, are bartered for every year in New Siberia, so that in a period of 200 years of trade with that country the tusks of 20,000 mammoths must have been disposed of, perhaps even twice that number, since only 2001b of ivory is calculated as the average weight produced by a pair of tusks. PETROLEUM.-Another,trial of petroleum for generating steam was made at Boston, on July 3rd, on board the Palos, the same vessel that was used in the previous experiments. The results of this trial are said to fully confirm the success of the others. The Palos steamed 44 nautical miles in four hours and ten minutes, consuming eight barrels of petroleum. THE KDINBTJRGH LAWDIERKS.—Infected with the early closing mania, the law clerks have petitioned their employers to give them evening relief, and at a meeting of the solicitors in the Supreme Courts the members were unanimous in adopting the strongest recommendation to the body to close their offices early. There are some people who would not regret the entire closing of solicitors' offices from morning to night. They are. continually harassing folks for money who find it very inconvenient to raise the needful. THE HOUSE OF LORDS on Tuesday morning pronounced judgment on the appeal of Mrs. Longwovth Yelverton. They decided unanimously against the appellant, the result of which is that Major Yelverton will not be examined on his oath. Lord Westbury ab- stained from a formal judgment, on the ground that domestic afhietion had compelled him to absent himself from the hearing of the case; but incidentally he ex- pressed his agreement with his colleagues. POSTAL NOTICE.—At the request of the govern- ment of Victoria, the tranmission in the mails sent via Panama, of newspapers, books, and packets of patterns or samples of merchandise, addressed to the colony of Victoria, will be discontinued, and in future only such letters and packets will be sent to Victoria by that route as are fully prepaid at the letter rate of postage, viz., sixpence per half ounce, and are specially addressed to be so forwarded. No alteration will be made as regards the transmission of newspapers, books, rand patterns in the mails, via Suez TERRIBLE BOAT ACCIDENT.—On Sunday after- noon a boat containing five men and three young women put off from North Shields. When near the bar the sea struck the boat, and it was capsized. All were thrown into the water. One man clung to the bottom of the boat, which had turned keel up, and held on until rescued by a pilot cobble. Another man was also saved. Three women and three men were drowned. The men were Yorkshire sailors. Anne Clarke, of Blaydon, Jesse Steward, of Newcastle, Margaret Anne Fitzgerald, of Blyth, Robert Higgins, of Whitehaven, and two seamen, names unknown, were the persons drowned. Thomas Wilson, of North Shields, and Charles Poleman, a Prussian, were saved. The sea was running very strong. ECCLESIASTICAL RESIDENCES.—A preliminary return has just been issued showing the sums expended in purchasing, erecting, repairing, altering, and furnish- ing the palaces and other residences of bishops, deans, and canons of the Established Church since 1836. The following are the items:—Bath and Wells, X4,000 Chester, £ 4,800 Exeter, zC3,526 9s. 2d.; Gloucester and Bristol (Stapleton), X23,627 5s. 9d. Gloucester and Bristol (Gloucester), £ 14,411 9s. 7d. Hereford, £ 800 Lincoln, £ 52,194 13s. 3d. Llandaff, £ 9,054 2s. 9d. Manchester, £19,037 7s. 2d.; Norwich, 27,745 6d. 2d.; Oxford, £ 6,819 Peterborough, Z3,800 Ripon, X15,491 14s. 7d. Rochester, X30,5110 7s. Id. Salisbury, £ 2,000 Worcester, R7,000 York, £ 2.000. ESCAPE AND RE-CAPTURE OF A PRISONER —A tall man, who gave the name of West, was charged before Mr. Barker, at the Clerkenwell Police-station, on Saturday, with stealing some articles of wearing apparel at Camden-town. The prisoner was brought to this court for the robbery some time back, but while the sergeant was handing in the charge-sheet he made his escape. The sergeant afterwards accidentally met him in the Strand, and re-arrested him. The prisoner said he was guilty, and should like to have the case settled at once, as it would save trouble and expense. The police asked for a remand to enabje them to find'owners for the carpenters' tools that were found in the prisoner's possession. Mr. Barker remanded the prisoner and he was carefully removed to the cells. MECHANICAL SCIENCE.—Mr. Whitworth has addressed to the Science and Art Department the following letter, which was laid before the select com- mittee on Paris purchases Feeling the national im- portance of maintaining the position which England has reached in the manufacture of machinery in general, I desire to do as much as may be in my power towards effecting this object. I should, therefore, feel obliged if you would inform the Lord President of the Council that I am willing to deposit in the South Kensington Museum, to be there perpetually preserved, three original true planes, and a measuring machine or instrument demon- strating the millionth part of an inch; and I propose, subject to some conditions, to make a sufficient endow ment to provide for the delivery of lectures to explain such instruments. Their importance wiH be manifest when it is considered that the value of every machine, when made of the best materials, depends on the truth of its surfaces, and the accurate measurement of its parts." < WE learn from Dublin that General Fariol' was brought up for examination on Monday, and finally committed for trial. He was identified by Godfrey Mauey as the Farioli who was to be chief of the staff under General Cluseret, the Fenian commander-in-chief in the late rising. A YOUNG GIRL CHARGED WITH MURDER.— Elizabeth Wheeldon, a servant girl, 17 years of age, was tried at the Derby Assizes, on Monday, for the murder, by poisoning, of Martha and Joseph Tomlinson, the children of her master. The case was a very mysterious one there was no doubt that poison had been ad- ministered, and the only question was by whom was it done 1 The case as against the prisoner was not made stronger than at the magisterial investigation, and the jury returned a verdict of acquittal. REMARKABLE EFFECTS OF LIGHTNING.—As a young man in the telegraph office at Carrick-on-Suir was transmitting some messages during the thunder- storm, a few days ago, which was then raging fiercely, the electric fluid entered the office and struck from his hand an open pen-knife, which he was holding. The knife having struck against the wall of the office re- bounded, and the haft struck the young man on the back of the wrist, which immediately became very much swollen. The lightning did no other harm. A MUNIFICENT GIFT.-Mr. Titus Salt, formerly M.P. for Bradford, and proprietor of the well known alpaca manufactory at Saltaire, has just made a very magnificent offer to the borough of Hull. He proposes to give £5,000 to the Sailors' Orphan Institution con- nected with the Port of Hull Society, on condition that the institution be enlarged to give accommodation for 100 orphans, and the school 200. So liberal a gift can- not fail to be accepted on the conditions specified. DISCOVERY OF A SKELETON.—On Saturday morning, about eight o'clock, at a newly-erected villa in Smith's-road, Brixton, some labourers engaged in re- moving loosened earth came upon a large quantity of human bones and a skull, about six feet below the sur- face. The appearances indicated that they had been under the earth about half a century. The skull was remarkably perfect, having most of the teeth in the jaw. SUICIDE OF AN OFFICER AT MALTA.-Captain Frederick Nurse Cromartie, of the Royal Artillery, now at Malta, was found dead in his bed on the evening of July 10. He was shot through the heart, and a pistol, which had been recently discharged, was lying beside him. He has left a widow and two young children. The deceased had lately been reprimanded for some neglect of duty as president of the canteen committee, and it is thought that this, preying on his mind, drove him to commit the rash act. His funeral was attended by nearly all the officers of the garrison, the deceased being a general favourite. HONOURS FOR THE LoitD MAYOR AND SHERIFFS.—Her Majesty has been pleased to confer the dignity of a baronet upon the Lord Mayor of London, in commemoration of the visit of his Imperial Majesty the Sultan and his Highness the Viceroy of Egypt to the City. The Queen has been further pleased to direct that the honour of knighthood be conferred upon the two sheriffs (Mr. Alderman Waterlow and Mr. Francis Lycett) in consideration of their having been associated with the Lord Mayor on the occasion of the reception ot the two illustrious sovereigns. His lordship is under- steod to have received a communication to that effect from the Earl of Derby on Monday. A NAVVY KILLED BY A FARMER.—Mr. Thos. Wooliscroft, of the Fox-holes Farm, near Talke, was arrested on Tuesday, charged with killing John Wells, a navvy. On Monday morning, Wooliscroft was at work in one of his fields, when Wells came up in a state of intoxication and pulled a stake out of a hedge. Woolis- croft asked him why he did that, and he replied, For spite." This led to a fight, in which Wells got the worst, and was very severely handled by his opponent, who left him lying senseless on the ground. Some comrades came up, and carried the disabled navvy to a hut on the line, when a surgeon was sent for, and all was dane that could be done for him, but without avail. He died at midnight. SWIMMING MATCH IN THE SERPENTINE.— On Monday morning a match took place in the Serpen- tine, by the members of the Serpentine Club, for a silver Leander medal as first prize, and a Victoria and Albert medal for the second. J. Stabbach, George Parrott, C. Whyte, and D. Jackson started T. M. Evans, who had also entered, not coming to the scratch. Stabbach won a very capital race by two yards only. The distance was 1,000 yards, the length of the water from the grating to the bridge, the winner's time being 19 min. 5 2-5 sec. Mr. Evans, the.honorary secretary of the club, who also acted as starter, presented the medals after the race. Mr. Kent, of Bell's Life, was judge and timekeeper. As Parrott and Stabbach have swum to- gether several times with varied success, and each of them much fancied by a host of friends, a match will probably take place which must be of considerable interest, as they are so very even. RETIREMENT OF THE HoN. G. C. NORTON FROM THE BENCH.—In consequence of its being inti- mated at the Lambeth Police-court on Saturday that the Hon. G. C. Norton, for upwards of 37 years a magistrate, would sit for the last time upon the bench, there was a very large attendance, including legal and parochial persons, police, officers of the court, kc., who wished to bid him a farewell on his retirement. In re- plying to an address on behalf of the legal profession by Mr. Wontner, sen.Mr. Norton said he felt quite over- whelmed at the kindly feeling shown towards him. He then alluded to his first appointment in April, 1831, to Lambeth-street, Whitechapel, and from thence in 1844, he came to this court, where he had ever since remained, and concluded by expressing his deep thanks for the manner in which he had been addressed. Mr. Ralph Augustus Benson, of the Oxford circuit, will be the successor of the Hon. G. C. Norton, as magistrate of the Lambeth Police court. Mr. Benson formerly contested Reading in the Conservative interest. REPRIEVE OF THE BIRMINGHAM MURDERER. —The Observer of the 28th of July said :—We are authorised to state that the case of James Scott, who was sentenced to death at the last Warwick Assizes for the wilful murder of Mr. John Pryse, of Birmingham, and in whose behalf a memorial had been prepared in Birmingham, praying for a commutation of the capital sentence, has been under the consideration of Mr. G. Hardy, the Secretary of State for the Home Department, and Baron Pigott, who tried the case, having recom- mended the prisoner to favourable consideration, the Secretary of State has felt warranted in recommending her Majesty to commute the capital sentence. A special messenger was accordingly despatched yesterday (Satur- day) to the prison at Warwick with a respite for staying the prisoner's execution, which was to take place on Monday morning next. ITEATH OF A DOG BY URUELTY.-Alfred Gar- rett, residing in Enfield-road, Kingsland, answered a summons, at the London Worship-street Police-office on Saturday, preferred against him by the Royal Sochty for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, fur brutally kicking and beating a dog, thereby causing its death. Mr. Abrahams, the solicitor, of Bow-street, attended for the prosecution, and said that the offence could scarcely be met by a fine, and called John Sheen, who deposed: On the evening of the 30th June last I was playing with a little dog belonging to a Miss Hunt. It was on a wall. Mr. Dolman, who resides next door to the defendant, had also a dog, which, springing over the wall, was joined by a dog of Mr. -Garrett's, who almost imme- diately flung a rolling-pin from the back of his house at them. He then came out with a thick stick, an inch round, with which he struck Mr. Dolman's dog,- and kicked him. The animal then laid on its side. Not any mischief had been done to the garden by the dogs that I saw. Mr. Dolman's servant corroborated this evidence.—Mr. Ellison ordered the defendant to pay 50s., or be imprisoned for 21 days. The fine was imme- diately paid. THE will of the Right Hon. Sarah Albinia Louisa, Dowager Countess of Ripon, of Nocton-hall, Lincolnshire, was administered to in her Majesty's Court of Probate, by her son, the Right Hon. George Frederick Samuel, Earl de Grey and Ripon, the sole acting executor, the other executors appointed namely, the Rev. W. Percival Ward, and Philip Ilejiry Pepys, Esq., eldest son of the Right Rev. Henry Pepys, late Bishop of Worcester-having first renounced the grant. The personalty was sworn under £ 50,000. Her ladyship was the only child of Robert, fourth Earl of Buck- inghamshire, and married, in 1814, Frederick John, first Earl of Ripon, P.C., a distinguished statesman, who died in 1859. Her ladyship exe- cuted her will July 11,1865, and a codicil July 2, 1866, and died April 9, aged 74, leaving her son, the present earl, her only surviving child. Her ladyship has left liberal bequests to several of her friends, and annuities and legacies to her servants. She bequeaths the sum of £ 1,500 for the erection of a school at Noctoii, and directs her executors to complete the church at Nocton by building a south aisle also to erect three new lodges in the grounds at Nocton. Her ladyship leaves her set of pearls to devolve as heirlooms with the Nocton estate. The residue of her property she leaves to her son and executor, the present earl. A FOREST ON iIRE.—An extensive conflagra- tion has broken out in the forests which cover" the Maures mountains, extending along the coast south of Draguignan, between HySres and Frejus. The fire which began in the commune of Gonfaron, has been for two days past extending its ravages along the sides of the mountains. The domanial forests were still un- reached by the flames on the afternoon of the third day. The fire was somewhat declining, the wind having fortu- nately fallen. The people of the districts and the authorities emulated each other in their efforts to arrest the progress of destruction, which has already spread over a vast extent of ground. SUICIDE BY DRINKING WHISKY.—An inquest was held at Liverpool on Saturday, on the body of Ann Crews, a single woman, 27 years of age. The deceased gained a livelihood by charing and sewing, and got drunk daily. She drank whisky, which she took mat. The woman with whom she lived said that for the last three months she had drunk excessively, and on Monday she was out of her mind. She rambled very much in her talk, and cursed and screamed dreadfully with her face to the wall. That afternoon she was seized with fits, which continued up to midnight on Friday, when she died. Verdict-Death from Excessive Drinking. CATTLE PLAGUE. — A supplement to the London Gazette of Tuesday, July 23, contains an Order in Council, dated the 23rd inst., directing that all cattle brought by sea from any place out of the United King- dom except the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, and landed at any place in Great Britain, shall, within 12 hours of such landing, in addition to being marked as before directed, be branded by the owner or person landing the same in such manner as the Com- missioners of her Majesty's Customs shall from time to time direct. ARTISANS' EXCURSIONS TO PARIS.—Trie com- mittee, of which Mr. A. H. Layard, M.P., is president, organised for facilitating the visits of English artisans and others to the Paris Exhibition, has been and is operating very successfully. The seventh detachment of excursionists, in number 130, left London oa Tuesday, and, were the available beds at the logements erected for the committee by the Imperial Commission more numerous, the numbers sent over weekly might be doubled at least. Among those who went on Tuesday were more than 30 members of the Bermondsey Work- ing Men's Institute, and mai-y members of mechanics' institutions, as well as teachers in science schools. THE TRADES UNIONS are acting very propprly about the affront which has been put upon them t> oblige Mr. Roebuck. They intend to ask the committee very respectfully to reconsider its resolution to ex elude Mr. Connolly at the demand of the shrewish member for Sheffield. Should the effort be unavailing, they will make up their mind afterwards whether or not they shall take any further active part in the inquiry. The whole country has been scandalised by the servility of the committee to Mr. Roebuck, whose scream for immunity from that kind of comment of which he is the patentee ought to have been met with laughter. Still, better late than never, and the com- mittee will do wisely to expunge a ridiculous and unjust minute from its record.- Telegrapli. STORM IN LONDON.—On Friday morning a storm of considerable violence passed over London. Rain began to fall on Thursday night about ten o'clock, and continued to fall steadily until past midnight, when thick clouds, began to gather, and by two o'clock the rain was pouring down fiercely. Shortly after three there was lightning, followed by tolerably loud daps of thunder, and at half-past four there was one tremendous clap, after which the storm abated. The rain, however, continued to fall during the day. Many parts of the Thames Embankment were flooded, and the works in many portions of it entirely stopped. ON FRIDAY MORNING an inquest was held at the Windsor Castle Tavern, Charles-terrace, Victoria- park, respecting the death of Martin Peeke, aged 30 years. On Saturday morning, at four o'clock, deceased was seen to walk along the banks of the ornamental water in the park and stand near a flower border. He stood gazing upon the water for a few minutes, and then stripped and walked deliberately into it. He laid down and threw up his arms and legs and was drowned. James Peeke said that the deceased was his brother. He had not latterly been given to drink. He was not a fit subject for bathing, as he was in the habit of having fits. The Coroner said that no doubt the action of the cold water upon the system had caused a fit to come on. After summing up, a verdict of "Accidentally Drowned" was returned.

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