EPITOME OF NEWS. THE Emperor Maximilian's body LIAS been embalmed and brought to Vera Cruz, whence it will be conveyed to Europe. THE WE, IGI-IT of Belgian fruit exported to England amounted in one year to 10,000 tons, chiefly apples and pears. A DARING adventure has been performed by the crew of an American life-raft. These gallant fel- lows, three in number, brought over the raft from New York in forty-three days. No better evidence could be afforded of the utility of this invention for purposes of saving life at sea. A MUNTFICENT CHURCHMAN.—A gentleman who desires to preserve his incognito, has contributed £5,000 to the Bishop of London's Fund, for the-purpose of promoting the erection of a new church in Ken sal- green, the district around which is rapidly increasing in population. ABOUT 40,0001b. of fossil ivory, that is to say, the tusks of at least 100 mammoths, are bartered for every year in New Siberia, so that in a period of 200 years of trade with that country the tusks of 20,000 mammoths must have been disposed of, perhaps even twice that number, since only 2001b of ivory is calculated as the average weight produced by a pair of tusks. PETROLEUM.-Another,trial of petroleum for generating steam was made at Boston, on July 3rd, on board the Palos, the same vessel that was used in the previous experiments. The results of this trial are said to fully confirm the success of the others. The Palos steamed 44 nautical miles in four hours and ten minutes, consuming eight barrels of petroleum. THE KDINBTJRGH LAWDIERKS.—Infected with the early closing mania, the law clerks have petitioned their employers to give them evening relief, and at a meeting of the solicitors in the Supreme Courts the members were unanimous in adopting the strongest recommendation to the body to close their offices early. There are some people who would not regret the entire closing of solicitors' offices from morning to night. They are. continually harassing folks for money who find it very inconvenient to raise the needful. THE HOUSE OF LORDS on Tuesday morning pronounced judgment on the appeal of Mrs. Longwovth Yelverton. They decided unanimously against the appellant, the result of which is that Major Yelverton will not be examined on his oath. Lord Westbury ab- stained from a formal judgment, on the ground that domestic afhietion had compelled him to absent himself from the hearing of the case; but incidentally he ex- pressed his agreement with his colleagues. POSTAL NOTICE.—At the request of the govern- ment of Victoria, the tranmission in the mails sent via Panama, of newspapers, books, and packets of patterns or samples of merchandise, addressed to the colony of Victoria, will be discontinued, and in future only such letters and packets will be sent to Victoria by that route as are fully prepaid at the letter rate of postage, viz., sixpence per half ounce, and are specially addressed to be so forwarded. No alteration will be made as regards the transmission of newspapers, books, rand patterns in the mails, via Suez TERRIBLE BOAT ACCIDENT.—On Sunday after- noon a boat containing five men and three young women put off from North Shields. When near the bar the sea struck the boat, and it was capsized. All were thrown into the water. One man clung to the bottom of the boat, which had turned keel up, and held on until rescued by a pilot cobble. Another man was also saved. Three women and three men were drowned. The men were Yorkshire sailors. Anne Clarke, of Blaydon, Jesse Steward, of Newcastle, Margaret Anne Fitzgerald, of Blyth, Robert Higgins, of Whitehaven, and two seamen, names unknown, were the persons drowned. Thomas Wilson, of North Shields, and Charles Poleman, a Prussian, were saved. The sea was running very strong. ECCLESIASTICAL RESIDENCES.—A preliminary return has just been issued showing the sums expended in purchasing, erecting, repairing, altering, and furnish- ing the palaces and other residences of bishops, deans, and canons of the Established Church since 1836. The following are the items:—Bath and Wells, X4,000 Chester, £ 4,800 Exeter, zC3,526 9s. 2d.; Gloucester and Bristol (Stapleton), X23,627 5s. 9d. Gloucester and Bristol (Gloucester), £ 14,411 9s. 7d. Hereford, £ 800 Lincoln, £ 52,194 13s. 3d. Llandaff, £ 9,054 2s. 9d. Manchester, £19,037 7s. 2d.; Norwich, 27,745 6d. 2d.; Oxford, £ 6,819 Peterborough, Z3,800 Ripon, X15,491 14s. 7d. Rochester, X30,5110 7s. Id. Salisbury, £ 2,000 Worcester, R7,000 York, £ 2.000. ESCAPE AND RE-CAPTURE OF A PRISONER —A tall man, who gave the name of West, was charged before Mr. Barker, at the Clerkenwell Police-station, on Saturday, with stealing some articles of wearing apparel at Camden-town. The prisoner was brought to this court for the robbery some time back, but while the sergeant was handing in the charge-sheet he made his escape. The sergeant afterwards accidentally met him in the Strand, and re-arrested him. The prisoner said he was guilty, and should like to have the case settled at once, as it would save trouble and expense. The police asked for a remand to enabje them to find'owners for the carpenters' tools that were found in the prisoner's possession. Mr. Barker remanded the prisoner and he was carefully removed to the cells. MECHANICAL SCIENCE.—Mr. Whitworth has addressed to the Science and Art Department the following letter, which was laid before the select com- mittee on Paris purchases Feeling the national im- portance of maintaining the position which England has reached in the manufacture of machinery in general, I desire to do as much as may be in my power towards effecting this object. I should, therefore, feel obliged if you would inform the Lord President of the Council that I am willing to deposit in the South Kensington Museum, to be there perpetually preserved, three original true planes, and a measuring machine or instrument demon- strating the millionth part of an inch; and I propose, subject to some conditions, to make a sufficient endow ment to provide for the delivery of lectures to explain such instruments. Their importance wiH be manifest when it is considered that the value of every machine, when made of the best materials, depends on the truth of its surfaces, and the accurate measurement of its parts." < WE learn from Dublin that General Fariol' was brought up for examination on Monday, and finally committed for trial. He was identified by Godfrey Mauey as the Farioli who was to be chief of the staff under General Cluseret, the Fenian commander-in-chief in the late rising. A YOUNG GIRL CHARGED WITH MURDER.— Elizabeth Wheeldon, a servant girl, 17 years of age, was tried at the Derby Assizes, on Monday, for the murder, by poisoning, of Martha and Joseph Tomlinson, the children of her master. The case was a very mysterious one there was no doubt that poison had been ad- ministered, and the only question was by whom was it done 1 The case as against the prisoner was not made stronger than at the magisterial investigation, and the jury returned a verdict of acquittal. REMARKABLE EFFECTS OF LIGHTNING.—As a young man in the telegraph office at Carrick-on-Suir was transmitting some messages during the thunder- storm, a few days ago, which was then raging fiercely, the electric fluid entered the office and struck from his hand an open pen-knife, which he was holding. The knife having struck against the wall of the office re- bounded, and the haft struck the young man on the back of the wrist, which immediately became very much swollen. The lightning did no other harm. A MUNIFICENT GIFT.-Mr. Titus Salt, formerly M.P. for Bradford, and proprietor of the well known alpaca manufactory at Saltaire, has just made a very magnificent offer to the borough of Hull. He proposes to give £5,000 to the Sailors' Orphan Institution con- nected with the Port of Hull Society, on condition that the institution be enlarged to give accommodation for 100 orphans, and the school 200. So liberal a gift can- not fail to be accepted on the conditions specified. DISCOVERY OF A SKELETON.—On Saturday morning, about eight o'clock, at a newly-erected villa in Smith's-road, Brixton, some labourers engaged in re- moving loosened earth came upon a large quantity of human bones and a skull, about six feet below the sur- face. The appearances indicated that they had been under the earth about half a century. The skull was remarkably perfect, having most of the teeth in the jaw. SUICIDE OF AN OFFICER AT MALTA.-Captain Frederick Nurse Cromartie, of the Royal Artillery, now at Malta, was found dead in his bed on the evening of July 10. He was shot through the heart, and a pistol, which had been recently discharged, was lying beside him. He has left a widow and two young children. The deceased had lately been reprimanded for some neglect of duty as president of the canteen committee, and it is thought that this, preying on his mind, drove him to commit the rash act. His funeral was attended by nearly all the officers of the garrison, the deceased being a general favourite. HONOURS FOR THE LoitD MAYOR AND SHERIFFS.—Her Majesty has been pleased to confer the dignity of a baronet upon the Lord Mayor of London, in commemoration of the visit of his Imperial Majesty the Sultan and his Highness the Viceroy of Egypt to the City. The Queen has been further pleased to direct that the honour of knighthood be conferred upon the two sheriffs (Mr. Alderman Waterlow and Mr. Francis Lycett) in consideration of their having been associated with the Lord Mayor on the occasion of the reception ot the two illustrious sovereigns. His lordship is under- steod to have received a communication to that effect from the Earl of Derby on Monday. A NAVVY KILLED BY A FARMER.—Mr. Thos. Wooliscroft, of the Fox-holes Farm, near Talke, was arrested on Tuesday, charged with killing John Wells, a navvy. On Monday morning, Wooliscroft was at work in one of his fields, when Wells came up in a state of intoxication and pulled a stake out of a hedge. Woolis- croft asked him why he did that, and he replied, For spite." This led to a fight, in which Wells got the worst, and was very severely handled by his opponent, who left him lying senseless on the ground. Some comrades came up, and carried the disabled navvy to a hut on the line, when a surgeon was sent for, and all was dane that could be done for him, but without avail. He died at midnight. SWIMMING MATCH IN THE SERPENTINE.— On Monday morning a match took place in the Serpen- tine, by the members of the Serpentine Club, for a silver Leander medal as first prize, and a Victoria and Albert medal for the second. J. Stabbach, George Parrott, C. Whyte, and D. Jackson started T. M. Evans, who had also entered, not coming to the scratch. Stabbach won a very capital race by two yards only. The distance was 1,000 yards, the length of the water from the grating to the bridge, the winner's time being 19 min. 5 2-5 sec. Mr. Evans, the.honorary secretary of the club, who also acted as starter, presented the medals after the race. Mr. Kent, of Bell's Life, was judge and timekeeper. As Parrott and Stabbach have swum to- gether several times with varied success, and each of them much fancied by a host of friends, a match will probably take place which must be of considerable interest, as they are so very even. RETIREMENT OF THE HoN. G. C. NORTON FROM THE BENCH.—In consequence of its being inti- mated at the Lambeth Police-court on Saturday that the Hon. G. C. Norton, for upwards of 37 years a magistrate, would sit for the last time upon the bench, there was a very large attendance, including legal and parochial persons, police, officers of the court, kc., who wished to bid him a farewell on his retirement. In re- plying to an address on behalf of the legal profession by Mr. Wontner, sen.Mr. Norton said he felt quite over- whelmed at the kindly feeling shown towards him. He then alluded to his first appointment in April, 1831, to Lambeth-street, Whitechapel, and from thence in 1844, he came to this court, where he had ever since remained, and concluded by expressing his deep thanks for the manner in which he had been addressed. Mr. Ralph Augustus Benson, of the Oxford circuit, will be the successor of the Hon. G. C. Norton, as magistrate of the Lambeth Police court. Mr. Benson formerly contested Reading in the Conservative interest. REPRIEVE OF THE BIRMINGHAM MURDERER. —The Observer of the 28th of July said :—We are authorised to state that the case of James Scott, who was sentenced to death at the last Warwick Assizes for the wilful murder of Mr. John Pryse, of Birmingham, and in whose behalf a memorial had been prepared in Birmingham, praying for a commutation of the capital sentence, has been under the consideration of Mr. G. Hardy, the Secretary of State for the Home Department, and Baron Pigott, who tried the case, having recom- mended the prisoner to favourable consideration, the Secretary of State has felt warranted in recommending her Majesty to commute the capital sentence. A special messenger was accordingly despatched yesterday (Satur- day) to the prison at Warwick with a respite for staying the prisoner's execution, which was to take place on Monday morning next. ITEATH OF A DOG BY URUELTY.-Alfred Gar- rett, residing in Enfield-road, Kingsland, answered a summons, at the London Worship-street Police-office on Saturday, preferred against him by the Royal Sochty for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, fur brutally kicking and beating a dog, thereby causing its death. Mr. Abrahams, the solicitor, of Bow-street, attended for the prosecution, and said that the offence could scarcely be met by a fine, and called John Sheen, who deposed: On the evening of the 30th June last I was playing with a little dog belonging to a Miss Hunt. It was on a wall. Mr. Dolman, who resides next door to the defendant, had also a dog, which, springing over the wall, was joined by a dog of Mr. -Garrett's, who almost imme- diately flung a rolling-pin from the back of his house at them. He then came out with a thick stick, an inch round, with which he struck Mr. Dolman's dog,- and kicked him. The animal then laid on its side. Not any mischief had been done to the garden by the dogs that I saw. Mr. Dolman's servant corroborated this evidence.—Mr. Ellison ordered the defendant to pay 50s., or be imprisoned for 21 days. The fine was imme- diately paid. THE will of the Right Hon. Sarah Albinia Louisa, Dowager Countess of Ripon, of Nocton-hall, Lincolnshire, was administered to in her Majesty's Court of Probate, by her son, the Right Hon. George Frederick Samuel, Earl de Grey and Ripon, the sole acting executor, the other executors appointed namely, the Rev. W. Percival Ward, and Philip Ilejiry Pepys, Esq., eldest son of the Right Rev. Henry Pepys, late Bishop of Worcester-having first renounced the grant. The personalty was sworn under £ 50,000. Her ladyship was the only child of Robert, fourth Earl of Buck- inghamshire, and married, in 1814, Frederick John, first Earl of Ripon, P.C., a distinguished statesman, who died in 1859. Her ladyship exe- cuted her will July 11,1865, and a codicil July 2, 1866, and died April 9, aged 74, leaving her son, the present earl, her only surviving child. Her ladyship has left liberal bequests to several of her friends, and annuities and legacies to her servants. She bequeaths the sum of £ 1,500 for the erection of a school at Noctoii, and directs her executors to complete the church at Nocton by building a south aisle also to erect three new lodges in the grounds at Nocton. Her ladyship leaves her set of pearls to devolve as heirlooms with the Nocton estate. The residue of her property she leaves to her son and executor, the present earl. A FOREST ON iIRE.—An extensive conflagra- tion has broken out in the forests which cover" the Maures mountains, extending along the coast south of Draguignan, between HySres and Frejus. The fire which began in the commune of Gonfaron, has been for two days past extending its ravages along the sides of the mountains. The domanial forests were still un- reached by the flames on the afternoon of the third day. The fire was somewhat declining, the wind having fortu- nately fallen. The people of the districts and the authorities emulated each other in their efforts to arrest the progress of destruction, which has already spread over a vast extent of ground. SUICIDE BY DRINKING WHISKY.—An inquest was held at Liverpool on Saturday, on the body of Ann Crews, a single woman, 27 years of age. The deceased gained a livelihood by charing and sewing, and got drunk daily. She drank whisky, which she took mat. The woman with whom she lived said that for the last three months she had drunk excessively, and on Monday she was out of her mind. She rambled very much in her talk, and cursed and screamed dreadfully with her face to the wall. That afternoon she was seized with fits, which continued up to midnight on Friday, when she died. Verdict-Death from Excessive Drinking. CATTLE PLAGUE. — A supplement to the London Gazette of Tuesday, July 23, contains an Order in Council, dated the 23rd inst., directing that all cattle brought by sea from any place out of the United King- dom except the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, and landed at any place in Great Britain, shall, within 12 hours of such landing, in addition to being marked as before directed, be branded by the owner or person landing the same in such manner as the Com- missioners of her Majesty's Customs shall from time to time direct. ARTISANS' EXCURSIONS TO PARIS.—Trie com- mittee, of which Mr. A. H. Layard, M.P., is president, organised for facilitating the visits of English artisans and others to the Paris Exhibition, has been and is operating very successfully. The seventh detachment of excursionists, in number 130, left London oa Tuesday, and, were the available beds at the logements erected for the committee by the Imperial Commission more numerous, the numbers sent over weekly might be doubled at least. Among those who went on Tuesday were more than 30 members of the Bermondsey Work- ing Men's Institute, and mai-y members of mechanics' institutions, as well as teachers in science schools. THE TRADES UNIONS are acting very propprly about the affront which has been put upon them t> oblige Mr. Roebuck. They intend to ask the committee very respectfully to reconsider its resolution to ex elude Mr. Connolly at the demand of the shrewish member for Sheffield. Should the effort be unavailing, they will make up their mind afterwards whether or not they shall take any further active part in the inquiry. The whole country has been scandalised by the servility of the committee to Mr. Roebuck, whose scream for immunity from that kind of comment of which he is the patentee ought to have been met with laughter. Still, better late than never, and the com- mittee will do wisely to expunge a ridiculous and unjust minute from its record.- Telegrapli. STORM IN LONDON.—On Friday morning a storm of considerable violence passed over London. Rain began to fall on Thursday night about ten o'clock, and continued to fall steadily until past midnight, when thick clouds, began to gather, and by two o'clock the rain was pouring down fiercely. Shortly after three there was lightning, followed by tolerably loud daps of thunder, and at half-past four there was one tremendous clap, after which the storm abated. The rain, however, continued to fall during the day. Many parts of the Thames Embankment were flooded, and the works in many portions of it entirely stopped. ON FRIDAY MORNING an inquest was held at the Windsor Castle Tavern, Charles-terrace, Victoria- park, respecting the death of Martin Peeke, aged 30 years. On Saturday morning, at four o'clock, deceased was seen to walk along the banks of the ornamental water in the park and stand near a flower border. He stood gazing upon the water for a few minutes, and then stripped and walked deliberately into it. He laid down and threw up his arms and legs and was drowned. James Peeke said that the deceased was his brother. He had not latterly been given to drink. He was not a fit subject for bathing, as he was in the habit of having fits. The Coroner said that no doubt the action of the cold water upon the system had caused a fit to come on. After summing up, a verdict of "Accidentally Drowned" was returned.
0 ..—— THE ALLEGED ILL-TREATMENT OF THE JEWS AT GALATZ. PARIS, July 29. Advices received here from Bucharest state that the Com- mission of Inquiry into the deaths of certain Jews at Galat2 has positively ascertained that the Roumanian authori- ties are in no way to blame for what has taken place. The two persons sentenced to expulsion by virtue of the Code Napol6on were sent back to Turkey on account of their statements that they had come from that country. The Commission has further discovered that the com- mander of the Turkish barque gave orders that the pri- soners should be thrown into the Danube. The Roumanian population of Galatz rescued eight of theii number. These facts are proved by the depositions of eye-witnesses and by the testimony of the individual saved.
AUSTRIA. VIENNA, July 27, Evening. The Emperor has conferred the Grand Cross of the Order of Leopold upon the Marquis of Bath, the Pleni- potentiary from her Majesty Queen Victoria. The Nev Free Press of this evening publishes an analysis of tll, official accounts of the state expenditure in 1SC6 showing that it exceeded the estimates by aboui 188,500,000 florins.
THE CANDIAN INSURRECTION. MARSEILLES, July 23. Letters received here from Athens, dated July 18, state that the Arkadi had completed her 10th voyage to Crete, where, having disembarked volunteers and cargo, she took on board 400 women and chiliren for Greece. The Athens journals publish advices from Crete stating that subsequently to the advance of Omar Pasha with his forces into the Spliakia mountains, Mehmet Pasha entered Askifo, where he was closely surrounued by the insurgents. Sphakiote families were leaving their homes to seek safety in the mountains. About 1,000 women and children had taken refuge in the mountain caverns, where they were in danger of being killed by the Turks. The foreign Consuls had protested against any unnecessary violence, and the .,a English Consul had sent a steamer to protect them.
ARRIVAL OF THE BELGIANS AT ANTWERP. ANTWERP, JUIY 23. Her Majesty's ship Serapis has arrived here. The Belgians were received with great enthusiasm upon disembarking, and bouquets were presented to Colonel Gregoire. This evening a grand banquet will be given by the Belgians to the commander and officers of the Serapis.
THE MOVEMENT AGAINST BOMB. The subjoined is taken from the Movimento of Genoa:— The Popular Association of Genoa has just held a meeting under the presidency of M. Campello, chairman of the Committee for Promoting the Acquisition of Rome. He explained in a few words the object of the meeting, which was the solution of the Roman question. Many speakers had desired to be heard, but it was decided to read the proposition of the president, which was done and then the adoption of the following docu- ment was voted :Considei-ing that Italy will not have accomplished her programme until after having acquired Rome for her capital; considering that it will be vain to expect the country to become prosperous at home or to acquire abroad the position of a powerful and respected nation so long as it has not secured this supreme object—the Genoese, united in popular meeting, have decived as fol- lows :—1. To proclaim solemnly the right of the Italians to Rome, the capital of Italy. 2. To proclaim the duty of every Italian to aid by every means and with all his power in the recovery of this most important part of the territory of Italy.' On the motion of the Advocate Brusco, it was agreed to send a cordial salutation to the people's general, Joseph Garibaldi and, on that of Deputy Carbonetti, a salutation to Joseph Mazzini, the man who commenced the great struggle for the unity of country. The meeting then broke up with the cries of "fo Rome several times repeated, in presence of the Government functionaries, who were on duty to watch the proceedings.'
TOW1T T-A.I-.iC BY OUB SPECIAL COBRESPONDENT. I Ow rtadtft wtll understand that we do not hold ourselvts mpon- mfoltfor our able Correspondent's opinions, ♦— THE Queen takes rank as an authoress. The first volatile of her Majesty's work, entitled the Early Years of the Prince Consort," just published, is really a work of great interest. The judgment her Majesty has exercised in determining what should be told is very admirable. There is a genuine unreserve about it; nothing conven tional in tone pervades the volume. We hear all about the Prince's fights with his brother, and his wish for a doll that noda its head." Never was nursery prattle and schoolboy stories woven up into incidents of a manly and intelligent life with more naturalness and grace. As the history of a Royal love, it is unsurpassed, and will be regarded as a wise and welcome book in every house- hold in the kingdom. IT was not "Cole, C.B. as he is profanely called, nor Crace, who is not a C.B. nor to Sir Erskine Perry to whom we were indebted for the marvellous conversion of the unfinished court of the India-office into the Sultan's reception hall. It is said to be Sir Stafford Northcote's idea and Wyatt, Crace, Dilke, and others of the Kensington coterie are credited with the taste which gave such brilliant effect to the scheme. But I conceive the main matter of satisfaction is, that by it the reputation of England has been greatly increased for decorative skill, for promptitude of execution, and splendid resources, almost as costly and profuse as any recorded in the "Arabian Nights." In France, at the time of the Queen's visit, in 1856, a sandy plain in Boulogne was turned to a fairy palace and garden in twenty- four hours. We quite equalled this in London in point j of celerity, and with a costliness of display which France has never attained to. French decorations are always tinselly; in England they are costly and durable. Then the Sultan never heard in all his journey, from his own capital to ours, such cheering as he heard at Wimbledon. He must have gone away with a profound impression in his ears of the metallic quality of English throats. An English crowd huzzahs like a hundred thousand steam-engines. Like a true Turk, the Sultan made but one observation, and in that h showed the immense advantage of saying little. His single remark stands out like an obelisk upon a plain everybody is conscious of it. Finding a storm raging I. at Spithead, he said, That is England all over. What- ever the English set about they do it in a gale of wind." The remark does infinite credit to the Sultan's ¡ acuteness, and Douglas Jerrold could not have said anything more incisive. Parliament has voted 0925,000 for the entertainment of the illustrious Mahometan. Louis Blanc, who is an eminent observer of English manners, thinks that the English people in the streets were somewhat servile in their plaudits, and shouted because the Sultan was a monarch. The Daily I News approves this, and considers the English given to hero-hunting. I differ from both authorities an English crowd, like the nation, is essentially hospitable. They always wish to show Tilar a stranger is welcome. They had nothing to give the Sultan but their cheers these they gave with all their hearts. The Sultan was delighted with a little crossing sweeper in the Strand, 0 who cheered with his broom as though he. thought the honour of England was concerned in waving his 0 besom. FASHIONABLE life has its agreeable and tragic tyran- nies. We learn now that Madame Musurus, the wife of the Turkish Ambassador, had long been suffering from rheumatic affection and weakness of the heart. Under such circumstances, quietude and absence of excitement would be prescribed to a person in the humblest station. No other termination than that which has unfortunately occurred was to be expected from the succession of exciting public entertainments, in which the illustrious lady was forced to take par. WHEN Lord John Manners was asked what description of fence would supply the place of the present hoarding in Hyde-park, he replied, with a miracalous caution, that it would be of iron, and he hoped, to a certain extent, ornamental." The chief of the Board of Works, after what England has done, ought to feel sure that iron railings can be made ornamental. There ought to be no reserve in promising that. CO-OPERATION is at last finding a favour in Scotland it has never found in England. The Morning Journal, of Glasgow, states that Mr. Carnegie Ritchie, the Registrar of Friendly Societies-the Scotch Tidd Pratt-has within the last few months received several letters from gentlemen of large landed property who are anxious to have co-operative societies in their neighbourhood. MEAGHEB of the swerd is no more. This gallant and loquacious young Irishman has died an American ) general. Transported for his share in the Irish troubles in Dublin, hs broke his parole, and escaped to America. He took his liberty with him, but left his honour behind him. Smith O'Brien, and other fellow-prisoners, maintained honourable scruples, and remained in a captivity dignified by their good faith. Young Meagher showed a fiery turn of mind, and an eloquence wonderfully copious and fervid. He took Emmet for his model, whom he had the ability to imitate without making himself tiresome. At j one time he had before him a career which promised the highest distinction in eloquence, and might have given him rank with Flood and i Grattan; but he never achieved greatness. An Irish- man of less brilliant but of more solid qualities—Mr. Gavan Duffy went to Australia, and achieved an ) eminent position there. Last year he visited Europe, and was a listener to the Reform debates of the last Session of our Parliament. On his return home he gave an account of his political observations, and, in a report of them, brought to Europe by the last mail, appears an extract from a notorious English newspaper, which will be read now with astonishment. It is this :— Five-and-twenty years ago, the Times, writing of ¡ the elevation to office of such men as Macaulay and I Shiel, employed this language :—' Mr. Babbletonjrue I Macaulay was to have been the chief witness (against Mr. Shiel) in the case of NVI&o's the traitor 1" But the Right Hon. Babbletongue stood mute and it so happened it was not all dicky with the Right Hon. Richard Shiel. These men privy councillors! these men petted at Windsor Castle! Faugh! why, they are hardly fitted to fill up the vacancies that have occurred by the lamented death of her Majesty's two favourite monkeys. OUR American cousins, who have ofttimes been a source of distraction to us, have brought us a pleasant invention at last. Two brothers named Dobson have imported the banjo, and have actually opened a "banjo studio," and are instructing the West-end in its use. President Johnson, it ap- pears, has taken lessons from them; and in case another catastrophe occurs in that country, he will be able to imitate Nero, and play on the banjo while Washington burns. The ancient banjo known as the ten-stringed instrument had great fame. It descended to the negro. In the hands of the Dobsons it is made to discourse a music declared to be sweeter than that of harp, guitar, zitter, or lute. THE poet Young, whose works Lord Derby has still to read, appears in the pension list, just published, for £ 40; Dr. A. Hassall, the adulterated food chemist, has £ 100; and the gallant rifleman and caricaturist, Captain Cruik- shank, x95. Z.
THE island of Oparo, or Rapa, in the Pacific Ocean, which is to be made a coal depot for the New Zealand and Panama mail steamers, is about nine days' steaming distant from Wellington. It is mountainous has a good harbour, and is inhabited by about 500 friendly natives. .Tn consequence ot the Reduction in Duty, Horniman's Gmrins t-he A*ents EIGHTPENCE per lb. cheapen tr«nu» e's signed Horraman £ Co., London."
SUMMARY OF PASSING EVENTS. WE are glad to find that the President of Mexico has given up the body of the late Emperor Maximilian to the Austrian authorities. It had been embalmed in anticipation of this claim. From the official records recently received, we learn that the siege of Mexico lasted seventy-eight days. During the last twelve days the people died from famine in scores. A large number of Maximilian's followers were in the utmost destitution and had left him before his army capitulated, and the ordiaary population of the city, amounting formerly to 220,000, had been reduced one-half by famine and dis- ease. Marquez, who commanded the Imperial garrison, iled the night before the city was surrendered, and is said to have taken with him six millions of francs. The officer whom Marquez left in charge attempted to obtain conditions for capitulating these were refused by the Republican General Diaz. Thereupon it was determined to yield unconditionally, and the Imperialist troops stripped themselves of their military clothing and put on civilian's attire, in order to escape notice and ven- geance. The officers and leading Imperialist partisans hid themselves; the Republicans entered the city on June 21st; orders were immediately issued forbidding pillage, and decreeing death against all soldiers found guilty of such acts; and no intoxicating drinks were permitted to be imported into the city for three days after the occu- pation. The inmates of the religious houses were ordered to leave them, and an enormous number of monks and eight hundred nuns were driven from their former habitations without food or shelter. Five new journals appeared within a week, printed in the Spanish language and French, English, and Germans were all looked upon with unfriendly eyes. THERE is great uneasiness at Rome. The "move- ment" party is watched with dread by the Papal Government and its friends. Garibaldi has cautioned his countrymen in his emphatic fashion :—" Mark well my words.: without Rome there is no Italy;" and although the Pope is at present backed by the Church in general, he cannot hear these words without trembling. He need not despair just yet, however. The Italian Government will not permit any attack upon Rome from without and at present there is no fear of insurrectionary outbreaks within. THE Anti-Ritualistic meetings-are becoming general throughout England there is a cry raised that the Protestant Church .is divided against itself, and the High Church and Low Church are likely to come to a pitched battle. The Ecclesiastical Courts are tc be occupied for some time in hearing cases where rectors and vicars are accused of practices which are contrary to canonical law the difficulty appears to be to define the exact marginal line beyond which a clergyman of the Church of England cannot go. A very large meeting was recently held at the London Tavern, at which several notabilities assembled, but no resolutions were passed except that funds should be provided to prosecute all clergymen who deviated from the doctrines laid down by the Church of England formula. THE question of non-sectarian education is being dis- cussed in Parliament, but will come to no issue this Session, although it is generally felt that our present system of instruction requires amendment; and since the masses of the people are to be admitted to a voice in the nation by the new Reform Bill, it is considered more than ever necessary that a full, free, and independent education should be given to the rising generation. The governing bodies in our English colonies appear to be dealing with this subject in a more earnest and practical manner than we are at home. The Legislative Assembly of Victoria has before it a bill brought in by the Attorney-General, based on the recommendations of a Royal commission, which provides for a strictly secular system of instruction, at the same time per- mitting school committees, if they can agree, to in- troduce religious instruction of an entirely unsectarian character. It would appear that dissenters of all de- neminations are favourable to the bill, and there is a good chance of its becoming law. OUR national pride is getting its wings clipped and a few of its feathers plucked. M. Colin, a celebrated French writer, in an article in the Revue des Deux Mondes, does us the honour of comparing us elaborately with the Romans in tke days of Borgias, and as he goes to Sheffield for his illustrations, we cannot be very smart in reply. Even New York journalists, who can find excuses for Juarez, are shocked by our demoralisa- tion. It is to be feared that a host of resolutions of Sheffield Chambers of Commerce and Corporations and trades' unions will go but a little way to retrieve the good name which Sheffield filched from England, making her poor indeed. Sheffield is somewhat like another pl,,icp, "-it is almost paved with good reso- lutions of a certain sort. THE affairs of railways in difficulties have occupied a considerable share of public attention during the week ending with July, and some novelties have been proposed for the purpose of extricating them out of their financial embarrassments. In the case of the Brighton Railway the sanction of Parliament has been given to the issue of ordinary stock at a discount, or at whatever price it will fetch in the market, and the directors, with the consent of the shareholders, have agreed to issue about a million and a quarter of the ordinary stock at forty-five for 4100 of stock. Mr. Laing, M.P., the newly-elected chairman, proposes to raise the requisite amount to relieve the company from its difficulties by three distinct classes of security. He deals first with the floating debt of the company, amounting in all to about X700,000, and represented chiefly by the single loan of zC561,000 from the Union Bank. This latter sum is to be paid oil by a creation of R613,000 preference stock, being the bulk of that R700,000 unissued preference stock which had been pledged against the advance. Thus the floating debt is reduced within small compass, although on the other hand an additional pre- ferential charge is created to the extent of E30,000 per annum. The second measure concerns the debentures, which the creation of this additional preference stock will enable the company to issue. By such an issue of debentures, together with the sums estimated to accrue from the sale of the surplus lands, a further sum of about 2500,000 will be raised. The third and last measure is the issue of ordinary stock at the price of forty-five, to the extent of £ 1.250,000; but the periods over which the instalments will range are such as will reduce the net price of the new stock to about forty-four and a quarter. There will thus in future be over S6,600,000 of ordinary stock. The aggregate of these three operations amounts to an actual receipt of nearly Xl,700,000 for a liquidation of the fnmcial position of the company; and to an increase in the nominal capital of all kinds to the extent of about £ 2,350,000. IN the case of the Noith British Railway, which, like the Brighton, is also in difficulties, the proposal of the directors is to issue preference stock, taking precedence of all existing priorities. This course," says the Observer, "the committee of the House of Lords has very properly refused to sanction, but they have acceded to a counter proposal that the company should issue about X900,000 of debentures, authorised by previous Acts of Parliament, to be raised on the security of new lines and branches, for which, however, the capital has not yet been raised, and the lines are consequently not yet made the debentures being, in effect, pre- preference stock in another shape. The directors have not applied for power to follow the example of the Brighton Company, and endeavour to raise the new capital by the issue of ordinary stock, though this course was pressed upon the notice of the com- mittee by several of the petitioners against the bill. Mr. Gladstone was one of the witnesses called by the promoters to give evidence in favour of the bill, and he gave it as his opinion that a scheme to raise money by the issue of ordinary stock at a discount was so absurd that it was difficult to conceive how it could ever have ¡ been seiiously propounded (evidently forgetting tht, many occasions on which the Government of this country have raised loans by the creation and issue of Consols at a discount). As Chancellor of the Exche- quer he would be the last man to propose to raise money by the creation of any description of stock which would override existing Government securities, or place their holders in a more unfavourable position than that which they occupied by virtue of the Acts of Parlia- ment." SOME particulars have transpired in respect to the arrangements made in the celebrated case of Slade v. Slade, where the uncle sought to prove the illegitimacy of his nephew, and obtain the baronetage and estates of his late brother. After going through a lengthened trial, it appears that his uncle, General Slade, pays his own costs, which are reported to amount to nearly X16,0,00, out of the sum of X28,000 which he is to re- ceive in settlement of his claim. The result of this unfortunate litigation to the different parties will be, "hat Sir Alfred Slade, the eldest son of the late barenet, Sir Frederick Slade, Q.C., retains the title, and takes the estates, with a burden of about E40,000, X10,000 being his own costs, and £ 28,000 paid to his uncle whilst General Slade will scarcely receive more than XIO,000 after paying his lawyers. Thus, no less a sum than C26,000 will be distributed amongst gentle- men of the long robe, who will be the only gainers by these proceedings terminating as it has been arranged they shall, by judgment being entered for the de- fendant, to whom the General and his eldest son will execute proper deeds of release. Such is law in this country THE prospect of the English harvest is by no means so cheering as it was some few weeks ago, and it is feared that the long continuance of rain and cold during the last week in July will have a prejudicial effect upon the growing crops. We are told, however, that in Canada and America generally the crops have been un- usually good; therefore we need not fear a good grain supply. On the other hand, however, a bad harvest makes a considerable difference to the prosperity of this country. Whatever we purchase from abroad neces sarily impoverishes us at home, unless they take from us an equal value in some other form and of late years the American manufactures have almost equalled our own in workmanship and cheapness.
PRUSSIA. BERLIN, July 27, Evening. The Sultan has conferred the order of the Osmanie with brilliants upon the King of Prussia, and he more- over distributed before his departure a number of orders and piesents among persons of distinction in Prussia. The Commercial Gazette asserts that Russia has ad- dressed a diplomatic communication to the signitary powers of the Treaty of Paris in refei ence to certain negotiatious alleged to be pending on the subject of an European guarantee in favour of the Porte.
THE SULTAN. VIENNA. July 27. The Sultan and his suite arrived here this morning at seven a.m. He was received by the Emperor, the Archdukes, and the authorities of the city. His Imperial Majesty will stay at Schonbrunn. VIENNA, July 28. To-day, at noon, the Sultan received the diplomatic corps, and after that the staff of generals was presented to his Imperial Majesty by the commander-in-chief, the Archduke Albrecht. VIENNA, July 29. This morning some military evolutions took place at which the Sultan was present. Yesterday, on the recep. tion of the municipality of Vienna by the Sultan, the burgomaster made a speech in which he expressed the hope that the close relations existing between Turkey and Austria would be of long duration, and that the Austrian subjects in Turkey might continue to enjoy the protection of his Imperial Majesty. The Sultan expressed his thanks for the cordial reception which had been given to himself and his suite, and promised that the wishes expressed by the burgomaster respecting Austrian sub. jects in Turkey should be realised. 0
AMERICA NEW YORK, July 18. The Senate has passed a supplemental Reconstruction Bill substantially the same as that adopted in the House of Representatives, with additional clauses ratifying the past action of the district military commanders, em. powering General Grant to remove the Southern civil officials, declaring no person entitled to registration as a voter by reason of the Presidential pardon, and also declaring all civil officials who participated in the rebel. lion to be disfranchised. The House of Representatives passed this bill, witk an amendment deposing all the Southern civil officers, and authorising the military commanders te appoint their successors. The Senate, not concurring in this amendment, the bill went to a conference committee. The House of Representatives has resolved that the period of its adjournment shall be until the 13th November. Some letters from General Grant to Generals Sheri- dan and Orde have been published, directing them to continue the registration of the voters and their dis- tricts, without reference to the opinion of the Attorney- General. The defence in Surratt's trial continues; and addi- tional evidence has been adduced proving the bad characters of the witnesses for the prosecution, and the absence of the prisoner from Washington. Stevens, Howard, Chandler, Logan, and other radical members of Congress, have made speeches strongly de- nouncing Maximilian, and approving his execution. It is reported that the Washington determination is in favour of American intervention in Mexico. Filibustering expeditions against Juarez and his Government are organising at New Yoik, New Orleans, Buffalo, and other cities, and large numbers are reported to be enlisting. Masses have been said at all the Catholic churches in New Orleans for the repose of the soul of Maximilian. The Austrian consul at New Orleans has chartered a vessel to convey the Austrians of the Foreign Mexican Legion to Trieste. The New York papers state that the American gun- boat Haye has been detained at Quebec, having been refused a permit to proceed to Detroit, in consequence of the refusal of the captain to give the customary salute to the British gunboats. NEW YORK, July IS. In the House of Representatives Mr. Stevens has introduced a bill providing for the Government of the South by three civil commissioners to be appointed by Congress, and to be independent of presidential, military, or judicial control. The House has passed a resolution disapproving of the views expressed in the recent message of the President relative to the cost of recon- struction. The Senate has passed the bill providing that no person shall be prevented from holding office in the district of Columbia on account of race or colour. The House of Representatives has passed a resolution instructing the Judiciary Committee to inquire into the circumstances of the pardon by the President of the Confederate General Cameron, who recently testi- fied for the defence in the trial of Surratt. The preamble of the resolution declaring that Mr. John- son showed sympathy with the assassins of Mr. Lincoln, by pardoning General Cameron, in order to increase his crediblity as a witness, was struck out. The House has also passed a resolution calling upon the President to furnish information regarding any expeditions organising for intervention in the affairs of Mexico, under the real or pretended purpose of avenging Maximilian's death, and also what steps have been taken to prevent the departure of such expeditions. It is reported that recruiting for volunteers to avenge Maximilian is rapidly progressing in the South. Intelligence from Mexico published here announces that Juarez has re-opened the port of Tampico. Gomez and Canales were in open rebellion against Juarez, and had declared the State 01 Tamaulipas independent. Intelligence from Hayti an. nounces that Salnave has been unanimously elected President of that Republic. NEW YORK, July 20. Yesterday President Johnson returned the Supplemen- tary Reconstruction Bill to Congress with his veto, re- iterating the objections contained in his veto to the original bill. He declares the entire bill unconsti- tutional. Congress had assumed the Southern State Governments to be illegal, yet had ordered the military cemmanders to appoint officials to carry on those Goo vernments. Congress had repeatedly recognised the existence of the Southern States since the rebellion, by calling upon them as States to ratify the amendments abolishing slavery and granting suffrage to the negroes, and by confirming the appointments of judges, district attorneys, and marshals for those States. The Supreme Court had recognised the Southern States by holding district courts in them; and even the Federal taxes were levied on the basis of the existence of those States. Congress was attempting to strip the President of his constitutional power, by preventing him from executing his oath of office and enforcing the constitu- tional laws. The district commanders were given powei rightly belonging to the President, whose attempts to exercise the constitutional power could be defied by his military subordinates. While he held office he would oppose these violations of the constitution, which were an evil that would inevitably mp the foundations of the Federal system but the people had the ballot for a remedy. He had abiding confidence in their patriotism, and he believed that the rod of despotism would be broken, the iron heel of power lifted from the necks oj the people, and the principles of the violated constitu- tion preserved. Congress immediately passed the supplemental bill over the veto by 30 against six votes in the Senate, and by 100 to 22 in the House of Representatives. During the debate the promi- nent Radicals demanded the impeachment of Presi- dent Johnson. The House of Representatives has adopted resolutions requesting the President to issue a proclamation against the Mexican filibustering, and ordering a committee of inquiry into the execution 01 Maximilian, and into the decree issued in October, 1865. proclaiming all Republican Mexicans outlaws. A reso- lution introduced in the House congratulating Mexicc upon her recent triumphs over foreign interference has been referred to the committee on foreign affairs. Ad. vices published here from Vera Cruz to the 14th inst. announce that Madame Juarez had arrived there, and was enthusiastically received. Juarez had arrived ir the capital, and had declined a re-election for the Presi dency. Nedamri has been shot at Queretaro, and others had been condemned. The announcement of th execution of Santa Anna was confirmed. Marquez was reported to be secreted in the capital; if captured he was to be shot. The Austrian frigate Elizabeth wiu receiving refugees on board at Vera Cruz.
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