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€nrm\t fejics.


€nrm\t fejics. Mr. Hodgkinson's amendment is no departure from the principle of the Ministerial Reform Bill. On the contrary. it era bodies the principle in its most perfect form. The opinion characteristically expressed by Mr. Henley, that the practice of composition was a device invented by Old Nick," has gained ground. There may be, and there no doubt will be, some demur in a parish here and there to an alteration of a system of rating which has for some time prevailed, but the conscience of the nation has become satisfied that the principle which has been followed is bad in almost every point of view, and the objections of local ratepayers will prove in- effectual. The compound householder will be converted into a ratepaying householder, and will obtain his vote upon the condition of paying his rates, as has been already provided. We agree with the substance of Mr. Whitebread's motion, that the terms of the service into which they are about to enter should be explained to all recruits before enlistment. Nothing can be more unjust, nothing more shabby, than to tell a man he is to have a shilling a day, and then to give him only a part of it, the rest being stopped for jackets and trousers, and so forth. If here and there a recruit were repelled by being told the truth at the time, his loss would be a much less evil than the discontent and ill-will engendered by the present practice. There was abundant testimony in the debate that the raising ot the pay by 2d. a day would have a good effect in increasing the number and improving the quality of the recruits. Though our military expendi- ture is even now excessive, yet. if with the increase of wages there is a necessity or an increase of military pay, the nation will have nothing to do but to submit. No machinery of military schools, whether the boys be taken young or old, will remove the necessity of paying the soldier the market price of his labour. If the ex- pense he more than the nation can tolerate, the only remedy will be to ecerease the number of those who re- ceive :he country's pay. In the release of an unscrnplous and implacable enemy, one of the least excusable rebels who ever helped to plunge a country into civil war, after only two years' detention, the United States have once again given an example of magnanimity and mercy by which the Old Woi Id may well profit. They have given an example of political wisdom too. Jefferson Davis, executed on the scaffold as a traitor, might have left a bitter and even a dangerous memory behind him. Jefferson Davis, contemptuously dismissed to the obscurity of private life, will soon fade out of memory altogether. Already, indeed, the world had begun to forget him. One finds it hard to believe now that three years ago Jefferson Davis was a hero and an idol in the eyes of a large class of English society. While men in England, too, are crying out even now for the life- blood of some petty and powerless Irish rebels, it is right to remember how grievous were the crimes of Davis against the United States, and bow the United States have punished them. Another important decision has been given with regard to trades' unions. A notice by a union to an employei tILt they would call out all his hands on strike if he did not dismiss a non-union man has been held by the Court of Queen's Bench to be intimi- dation, and consequently an offence under the Masters and Servants' Act. Mr., Justice Blackburn remarked, with the assent of the other judges, Lush and Shee, that it was impossible to imagine a greater piece of tyranny than to insist that a master should have his work stopped unless he consented to dismiss a work- man for not belonging to a society, which he had a right in the exercise of his liberty, as a free subject, to refuse to belong to." The full text of the report by the Royal Commis- sioners on liailways is now before us, along with the in- dependent reports contributed by Mr. Monscll and Sir Rowland Hill. In opposition to the views of the ma- jority of the commission, Air. Monscll urges the pur- chase. in one form or other, of the Irish railways. Sir Rowland Hill, at considerable length, and in a most exhaustive manner, discusses the whole subject, and arrives at conclusions, the boldness and comprehensive- ness of whicii may be estimated from the first reconi- mendation he makes. It is to the following effect: That it is expedient that the State should gradually j purchase the railways, hue that it is not expedient that it should undertake their management." In our first notice we scarcely did justice to Sir Rowland's in- dependent and statesmanlike views, but we are glad to recognisc in his remarks a most valuable contribution to the right understanding of a difficult subject. He re- commends that Government should let each railway on a lease, as a landed proprietor lets a farm, and en- forces this idea by an enumeration of the benefits to be expected from it. He further advises that the plan should be tried experimentally by the purchase of one line, or of the Irish railways. Properly understood, the advertisements of attorneys and solicitors who take this mode of soliciting business may be turned to useful account. Persons in want of legal assistance would do well to take a careful note ot the names and addresses of those gentlemen, in order to avoid them. fr. Flowers at Bow-street on Tuesday, on being applied to for advice by a poor man who had been victimized by an advertising attorney, expressed his astonishment that people would employ attorneys who advertised in the newspapers. 4* That was, he added, a practice to which respectable solicitors did not resort, and those who did so ought to be regarded with suspicion from that very fac jus. like the adver- tising quack doctors. The day before, Mr. Selfe had Westminster found it necessary to warn people against a still lower order of practitioners—those who "tout" in the police-courts. Mr. Selfe had heard of such things at the Middlesex sessions and the Old Bailey, and they brought disgrace on an honourable profession." But he is determined not to let his court sink to the. level of those he mentioned; and all "touters" are therefore warned off the premises. If it be true that suitors at the Middlesex Sessions and Old Bailey are ex- Vised to the blandishments of these rogues, why arc no measures taken to prevent the mischief? There is also tnis further question do barristers actually accept briefs from" touters," and have the benchers nothing to say to it ? The Duke of Cleveland, the Earl of Derby, Earl lpencei-, and Lord Egerton of Tatton, have each sub- scribed jE500 towards the erection of a new church in St. James's, Westminster, the district for which has been carved out of the northern part of the parish and £ 3.000 having been raised for its endowment in 1865, it was in the course of that year constituted a Peel dis- trict, and placed under the charge of the Rev. W. Ed- wards. The population exceeds 5,000, and by far the largest portion is of the poorest class. For the present the Church services are held in the coiiser, atory of the Pantheon, which Messrs. Gilbey, the recent purchasers of that property, have lent for the purpose. It is under- stood to be the wish of the Rector of St. James's, who has set on foot this undertaking, to obtain a site for the new church in Great Marlborough-street. Towards iSt. Peter's Church in Great Windmill-street, which was also built by Mr. liernpe, the noble Premier contributed £ 4,500. Cardinal Cullen, during his stay in Longford, paid a visit to the Earl and Countess of Granard, at Castle Forbes. On his return journey by Edgeworthstown, laurel arches, hung with lights, were in one place sus- pended over the road, the houses of the peasantry were illuminated, and bonfires were lit on the hills. The town commissioners of Longford in their address praised the Cardinal's zeal for the right education of youth, ex- tensive learning, and widespread fame; and the pupils of St. Mel's College, headed by their preceptors, fomented that the monasteries, hospitals, cloisters, Ifhich pious generosity had founded, had been rifled, jsmantled, confiscated for the pay of some sacrilegious jobber, orto make a homesteadforsome fierceCromwellian trooper." The Irish Catholic people, however (the address added), "more ruthlessly crushed than the Helots of Sparta, multiplied under persecution, as the Hebrews in the bondage of Egypt. The remainder of the paper, which warmly welcomed "Ireland's first cardinal," was in the same strain.

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