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WREXHAM RURAL SANITARY AUTHORITY. An ordinary meeting of this body was held at the Office of Mr. Oswell Bury (clerk), on Tuesday last. Present—Captain Griffith-Boscawen, in the chair Mr. S. T. Baugh, vice-chairman; Sir R. A. Cunliffe, Bart., Messrs. T. LI. Fitz-Hugh, J. Burton, W. Low, E. Evans (Bronwylfa), W. Thomas, H. Humphreys, C. A. Thorneycroft, Owen Hughes, J. Sykes, E. Woolrich, R. Jones, R Roberts, R. C. Webster, J. Rogers and Gomer Roberts. MEDICAL OFFICERS' REPORTS. Dr. W. Jones, Ruabon reported that several cases of scarlet fever were under treatment. Three had ter- minated fatally at Ruabon. There were also several cases of measles at Rhosymedre and Ruabon. Deaths were 23 a.;ainst 22 last year, showing a death rate of lfl.08 per thousand. Dr. Davies reported that scarlet fever was very pre- valent in his district. Fifty deaths had occurred, show- ing a death rate of 20 per thousand. SANITARY OFFICER'S REPORT. Mr. Hugh Davies reported that the National Schools, G-wersyllt, were in an insanitary state. The closets of both the boys and girls' schools were in bad repair. Rev. J. DOBELL (vicar of Gwersyllt), who was in at- tendance, stated that the closets had been repaired and provision made to prevent a flow of water into the cess- pool, which, he feared, had not been periodically cleaned out. After consideration, it was resolved that Mr. Hugh Davies attend the schools and confer with Rev. J. Dobell and other governors of the schools. The Inspector also complained of want of drainage in connection with several cottages in Gwersyllt, and after consideration, it was resolved that Mr. Hugh Davies send in particulars of half a dozen of the worst cases with a view to the Clerk taking proceedings if he thought fit. Mr. Hugh Davies also reported several cases of scarlet fever in Riiosddu. ENGINEER'S REPORT. Mr. Glennie reported that no connections with the main drain bad been made in the Rhos during the month, but 14 with five water closets had been made in the Cefn. In several places he had caused metalling to be put around the mouth of the manholes, to make the roads lenl with them. THE SEWAGE OF RUABON AND THE DEE. Mr. J. O. BURY, the clerk, read the following letter :— Town Clerk's Ofiires, Abbey Gateway, Chester, 15th October, 18r9. Ruabon Sewage, DEAR SIR,—I have laid your Jetter of the 11th instant befove my committee, and am desired to ask you to be good euousrh to inform me by the taking of what means you arc '• endeavouring to arrange for the prenutlOll of the pol- lution cf the Kuitbon Brook iu future," and when we may tuiderstand the remedy will be applied? The great object i, of 0(¡Ur,e to prevent sezeage fiowing into the brook without the best practicable moans beiiig taken to r aider it harmless. Your early will oblige—yours truly, JOHN TVALKER. J. Oswell Bury, ESQ., Clerk, Wrexham Rural Sanitary Authority, Wrexham. Mr. BVRY stated that he sent a copy of the last letter from Chester to Mr. Owen S. Wynne, in reply to which he received the following :— Plasnewydd, Ruabon, October 13th 1879. DEAR SIR,—I hnve to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the lltli, and I wili bring the matter before Sir Watkin a" scon 8 he returns borne, but "t present he is in London laid up with ú budly sprained smkle. The question cf the drainage of Ruabon by gravitation always has been and always will be a difficult one, unless it h drained into Wyunstay Park, nnd I must again observe that I do not thick a 111/one would like* to have the draina6 of a town emptied into their if it could be aroided. May I aalc whether thé Town Coundl of Chester have written a similar letter to the one you enclose to me to the authorities at Corwen, L'.angoden, and other places which empty their sewage into the Dee before it reaches Chester, and the sew ag ■ i'rr m which indivtdioaHy must be far more than the sewage from RUt/ùen, alJd. mcreover tbe sewage from tkose phces would pollute the river much more as they empty it inunediattllj jut., the Dee, whereas the Euabon sewage passes down a brook for about a mile and a half before it enters the Dee, and so is almost entirely filtered ami 1:armless, as anyone would ec by observing the outfall of the Ruabon brook into the river. 1 will write aguin tis soon as I have seen Sir Wa'k:in,- Yours faithfully, OWEN S. WYNNE. J. Oswell Bury, Esq. The following letter was received at a later date :— Wyniastay Office, Rhuabon, Nov. 1st, 1879. DEAR 5IR,-I have shown your letter of October 11th, enclosing a cOl11mm1Ícation iron: the Town Councilof Cheater, relative to :11e Rhuabon sewage, to Sir Watkin, and in reply Íle wishes me to say that he is willing to assist in any scheme which may be devised for getiing rid of the sewage, but he will not agree to haiing it emptied into the park, and he thinks the great expense which would be incurred in a pumping scheme unlJeesary and wasteful. Tbe people d Rhuabon pàfÍsh are already overburdened with rate, and I believe thai with further alterations and iro- provements to the ùwellings in the lower parts of the village Rhuabon will compare favourably, even if it does not do so at present, as regards the health of its inhabitants with the Celli, Rhos, or lihosymedre, over the drainage of which so many thousands of pounds have been pent, Änd as regards the pollution of the Dee frem the sewage of Rhnabon, I shall be very glad to meet any reprhoolatiYes of the Town Council of Chester any day they may like to fix, and iro with them to where the R Ruabon biook disch3.rge,itfj,l.!to the Dee, And-; I shall be able to show them that the pollution exists merely in imaginatiou,-Very faithfully yours, OWIN S. Wrsm. J. Oswell Bury, Eq. Mr. GOMES ROBERTS suggested that someone had complained of Ruabon to the Chester authorities. Mr. HUMPHREYS also thought that it seemed strange that Ruabon should be written about and Wrexham not. The CHAIRMAN said a great number of places along the river had been inspected, and no doubt complaints would be made of all. Mr. HUMPHREYS said there must be great pollution from the farm at Hafod-y-Wern, which ran into the Dee. Mr, GmlEB. ROBERTS said there were great suspicions in Ruabon th&t someone had complained of them. The CHAIRMAN said they were very suspicious in Ruabon. (Laughter). In regard to the letters from Mr. Owen S. Wynne he thought they did not affect the point, because the Act said that" if the sewage went into the brook," and he thought the responsibility would be the same even if they could show that the sewage did not reach the Dee. In reply to the Chairman, Mr. GLENNIE said he could reduce the cost of his pumping scheme by a small amount. He then explained that he estimated that the cost of material would be less, and labour would be cheaper. In bis previous plan he suggested pumping half of the sewage to Maes Llyn, to which the other half would run by gravitation. By this means, the machinery needed would be less, and not so costly. In regard to the motive power, he said that no doubt the river would have sufficient power to work a turbine for nine months in the year, but they could not depend on it during the summer months. He, therefore, proposed to supplement the turbine with a steam engine, but there was a demur about the cost. Since then some engines had been introduced which were driven by gas, and he thought that by using one of these instead of a steam engine they may dispense with the attendance of a special engineer or stoker. Their sewer man could go to the engine-house twice a day to look around and oil the bearings, &c. By this means, he thought they could reduce the cost from £4,.000 to £ 3,.°>21, which would in- clude the purchase of an acre of land at Maes LlYli. If arrangements could be made with the owner and tenant to take the sewage and dispose of it, another J2500 wG-uld be saved, bringing the total down to £2,800. The CHAIRMAN What would be the continuing ex- pense? Mr. GLENNIE About £65 per year, against £2.50 previously. The CHAIRMAN What do 'you think, would it be possible to apply Mr. Shone's system to take the sewage from Ruabon into the Cefn system? Mr. GLENNIH Quite possible, but especially costly, and much more so for a place like Ruabon than for ordinary steam pumping machinery. The CHAIRMAN More costly than your acheme for a turbine ? Mr. GLENNIE Very much more so. Mr. Low Has Mr. Glennie gone into this matter thoroughly. Could he not use water to compress air ? Mr. GLENNIE Well why not pump sewage with it as well as compress air ? The CHAIRMAN There may be a delicacy in asking Mr. Shone to interfere in this matter. What do you say at Mr. Glennie being asked to confer with Mr. Shone? Mr. Low: What I suggest is that Mr. Glennie go into the matter, and give us the details of expense of the scheme. I am sure Mr. Shone would give every information. Mr. GLENNJJB Mr. Shone does not know the cost himself yet. VOICES Weil then, how can you tell the cost will be more than yours ? (Laughter). Mr. GLENNIE {Warmly) Because you are going to do two operations instead of one, and by the simplest law of mechanics it must be more expensive. The CHAIRMAN I think it woulel be well if we adopted Mr. Low's suggestion, and asked Mr. Glennie to go into the matter with Mr. Shone. Mr. Lovr, who is an eminent practical engineer, thinks the system would be quite practicable. Mr. Low Oh, yes. Mr. GLENNIE I have no objection. Mr. GOMER ROBERTS said he thought there was but little sewage going down the brook and he asked why Mr. Glennie did not construct a tank by which the farmers of the district should have the sewage. would take his share. Mr. GLENNIE said there was too much sewage for such a scheme, and then what could they do with the sewage when they had it ? After further discussion it was resolved that Messrs. Low, Edward Evans, T. Ll. Fite-Hugh, Owen Hughes, and Gomer Roberts, assisted by the Engineer, be a committee to consider the question of the disposal of the sewage and report at the next meeting of the Board, and that they ask Mr. Owen Wynne to confer with them. The CHAIRMAN said Mr. Low was acquainted with Mr. Shone's scheme and no doubt he would be enabled to assist the committee in considering it. Mr. Low It is the best and the cheapest scheme. THE SEWERAGE OF STANSTT. The CHAIRMAN said he believed they had all had a copy of Mr. Shone's scheme. He had read it with great care and he hoped he had understood a great deal of it. The least they could do was to thank Mr. Shone for the trouble and expense he had put himself to and he would move that the best thanks of the Authority be given to Mr. Shone for his report and that a copy of it be sent to the Local Government Board with a request that they send down a commissioner to make enquiry into the practicability of applying the scheme. Mr. EDWARD EVANS seconded the motion. Sir ROBERT CUNLIFFE said he had endeavoured to understand the report and he believed there were some very strong reason in its favour. Mr. HUMPHREYS Is it not desirable that we should have some mention of cost ? The CLERK It is there, sir. The CHAIRMAN Have you not read it? Mr. HUMPHREYS Not all of it. (Laughter). The motion was then put to the meeting and carried. WAST OF BURIAL GROUND AT GWERSYLLT. The CLERK said he had received a letter from Rev. J. Dobell (vicar of Gwersyllt) in regard to the want of cemetery accommodation for the parish of Gwersyllt. A vestry meeting had been held on the matter in the parish and a deputation had been appointed to wait on the Board. On receiving the letter from Rev. J. Dobell he asked Dr. Davies to report on the matter. The CHAIRMAN said they had now an application to put the Interments Act into operation. The Act was a short one and applied the provisions of the Public Health Act in regard to mortuaries and cemeteries, so that in sec. 141 they substituted the word cemeteries for mortuaries. There was also a circular letter from the Local Government Board stating how the Act may be carried out. The point was as to the charging of the expenses. Primarily it would be charged on the dis- trict rate, but it provided that in cases where the ceme- tery would be appropriated to one particular place the application may be made to the Authority that the expenses be charged specially to the district which it benefited, which he thought was very fair. First they were to settle whether it would be necessary in the interests of the public health to provide a burial ground for jGrwersyllt. and next whether they would borrow the money or charge it as a continuing rate. After a short discussion, the deputation were asked into the room. The CLERK then read the following report, made by Dr. Davies:- To the Chairman and Committee of the Rural Sanitary Authority. GENTLEMEN,—I have inspected the above burial ground, and b"g to report as follows:—The present churchyard is above G,000 square yards in area, or about one-ih rd of an acre, exclusive of the ground on which the church stands. The number of burip.ls up to the present is 1,047, and the AVERAGE number per annum 60. So full is the graveyard that net live square yards of clear ground is left, and there is not room for more than 25 new graves. The nearest burial grounds are those of Brymbo and Gresford. It is therefore very evident that additional ground is urgently and absolutely meeded. I recommend that the whole of the field adjoining the present graveyard, in extent about 3. acres, be taken. It is suitable as regards situation AND nature of subsoil, FCC. I say the whole of it, for I fLd that the population of the districts immediately surrounding it is about 4,500, namely:- Gwersyllt 1,9^0 Half of Stansty 322 Two-thirds of Broughton 2,220 4,452 and at the present rate of increase, this number will be doubled in the next teu years. I have requested the inspector to prepare a plan of the ground, and to obtain the consent of the owners and occupiers 1,2r" of all houses situated within 200 yards of the proposed site, as required by the Act.—I am, gentlemen, your obedient servant. EDWARD DAVIES. Sir ROBERT CUNLIFFE asked the deputation how they proposed to divide the land between the Church people and Nonconformists. Rev. J. DOBELL said they had thought of leaving a piece of neutral ground, which might afterwards be taken into either portion, but they had not decided anything about this matter, thinking it would rest with the Authority. In reply to Mr. ROGERS, who thought a meeting of the whole parish should be called to consider the matter, the CHAIRMAN said they were there simply as a Sanitary Authority. From the Medical Officer's report it was clear that additional burying ground was needed, and the only point now before them was what steps should be taken to provide the additional ground. Mr. W. THOMAS asked whether they went beyond the ecclesiastical parish in regard to the cemetery. Rev. J. DOBELL said that at present they proposed to have a cemetery for the ecclesiastical parish only. In answer to further questions Rev. J. DOBELL said the ecclesiastical parish included the colliery houses in Stansty. After further discussion the CHAIRMAN moved that "In the opinion of this authority additional burial ground is needed for Gwersyllt, and that a special committee be appointed to inquire into the best means of providing the additional ground." Sir Robert Cunliffe, and Messrs. W. Thomas, J. Rogers, and John Burton were appointed the committee. The Rev. J. DOBELL thanked the authority for their hearing, and hoped that they would not delay the work, as it was most urgent. This concluded the business.


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