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Teas, Coffees, and general Groceries are supplied at merchants' prices by the North Wales Public Supply Stores, 14, High-street, Wrexham. 77 ROSBACH WATER.—Imported direct in ship-loads from the springs near Homburg. Supplied to the Royal Families of England and Germany. "In regard to organic purity and wholesome properties, Rosbach is far superior to any other mineral water I have ex- amined (Professor Wanklyn's report). Retail, 5s. per doz. small; (is. Gd. per doz. large bottles. In tie-down cases, 50 large bottles, 23s. (id. 100 small, 34s. The Rosbach Company, Limited, 35, Finsbury Circus, London, E.C. VALUABLE DISCOVERY FOR THE HAIR.—If your hair is turning grey or white, or falling off, use "The Mexican Hair Renewer," for it will positively restore in every case or white hair to its original colour without leaving the disagreeable smeli of most "Restorers." It makes the hair charniingly beautiful, as well as pro- moting the growth of the hair on bald spots, where the glands are not decayed. Ask your chemist for the Mexican Hair Renewer," prepared by HENRY C. GALLUP, 493, Oxford-street, London, and sold by Chemists and Perfumers everywhere at 3s. 6d. per bottle. 75 HOYAL DEVONSHIRE SERGE.—No article woven for ladies' dresses equals this in usefulness it is the best, the cheapest, most fashionable. Prices, Is. Gád., Is. lUd., 2s. 2s. 9d., the yard. For gentlemen's suits and boys' hard wear it is made in strong qualities and new patterns. Prices from 2s. lid. the yard. Carriage paid on all parcels into London, Dublin,' Bel- fast, Cork or Glasgow. Patterns post free. State whether for ladies' or gentlemen's wear. Address, Spearman and Spearman, Royal Devonshire eriOe Factors, Plymouth. WATCH MANUFACTURE.— It appears to be quite an erroneous idea to entertain that a first-class and thoroughly trustworthy watch can only be acquired by those to whom price is of little consideration. In another column Mr. Sewill, the extensive manufacturer of Liverpool and London, publishes some extracts from his price lists, from which it will be seen that he is pre- pared to supply a watch similar to those which gained for him the prize medal at the International Exhibitions of London, 1862 Paris, 18G7 and Philadelphia, 1876 at a price that compares favourably with the cheamst class of instruments in the market. An illustrated catalogue is sent free on application.
Comsponbena. We -do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions ex. pressed by our Correspondents. Our columns are open to fair discussion, but we request all writers to use temperate and courteous language, and to be as brief and concise as possible. Communications not accompanied by the name and address of the writer, or which are addressed in any other way than to THE EDITOR, will not be inserted.
WREXHAM FOOTPATHS. TO THE ^EDITOR OF THE GUARDIAN. SIR,—Through the medium of your columns I wish to call the attention of the Borough Surveyor and the" Footways Committee" to the great want of properly laid street crossings. At the junctions of the more important streets and opposite the chief public buildings it would be a great boon to I foot passengers if decent crossings were placed. The streets of Wrexham have become notorious for mud and dirt, that it always has been a matter of surprise that such conveniences have not been long since provided. The steam road roller will no doubt do a great deal towards the formation of proper roads, and now that the Council have awakened to the neces- sity of placing the streets in something like decent order, the 'addition of a few crossings would be a public boon and complete the good work at last taken in hand.—I am. &c., PEDESTRIAN.
ENGLISH SPELLING REFORM.
ENGLISH SPELLING REFORM. TO THE EDITOR OF THE GUARDIAN. SIR,—In resuming this subject it will be as well to mention that the reform has been from time to time before the public in some form or other; and that various improved methods of spelling have been printed in newspapers and magazines, sup- ported by paragraphs and leading articles con- taining many forcible arguments. Most cf the professors of philology and lecturers on language at the English Universities, as well as the teachers of the public schools, are in favour of a revision in spelling. Ou the other hand there are people, who appear to be in the minority, who have a strong objection to any change, and have no desire to alter the current system or spelling, which is generally admitted to be so bad that it can scarcely be worse. R •vason and truth prevail, either actually or apparently, in most things, but in regard to spelling English, and in the use of letters to represent the spoken sounds it is found on examina- tion that reason is set at defiance, and truth, or phonetic truth, is disregarded, and that throughout the alphabet, from a to z," inconsistency and irregularity reign triumphant. One letter is made, to do duty for a variety of different sounds, whilst some letters when combined together are silent, not sounded. In truth English orthography, or the art of spelling the language, abounds in fallacies and evils, as everyone can testify who has given atten- tion to the matter, and particularly those who are engaged in teaching the young. As the case is at present no one can know with certainty how to pronounce any word which he has only seen written and not heard spoken, neither can he tell how to spell a word which he has only kc-ard spoken but never r.een written and hence are we led to the irresistible conclusion, which is not a pleasant one, that the ep -jllicg ot •English words is no guide to their pronunciation. ■ Such irregularity in spelling L,s arisen no doubt from the great difference? in character of the three main elements in the language—namely Anglo- Saxon, Norman-French, and Litin. Such being the case it is easy to imagine the troubles and sorrows of children learning to read and spell. Were they able to give full expression to their feelings and their mental anguish, it would be in seme such terms as these Oh this spelling, what a bother; its vagaries heap upon us many cares, and give us anxious hours, it multiplys our doubts and our troubles." Under the circumstances it is not. surprising to find that both the occupation of teaching to read, and learning to read, is regarded alike by teacher and pupil, as a heavy drudgery, for the quacks and quirks" of spelling are con. tinual puzz'es. Those engaged in elementary education can emphatically confirm by facts and experience the conclusion arrived at by a living philologist: to the effect thai, as usually managed, it. is dreadful task to learn to read, and, if possible, it is a still more dreadful t';sk to teach reading. The darkest shadow in the path of children is cast, by this spelling difficulty, which militates so powerfully against the acquisition of knowledge in all elementary schools. As an indication of the difficulties which foreign- ers experience in English spelling, it is related of Voltaire, the French poet, when undergoing sundry painful efforts in his attempts to learn English, he discovered that the letters a-g-u-e spelled ague (a word of two syllables) but that if the word ib in- creased by adding two letters to make p-l-a-g-u-e, the word became one syllable and so pronounced plague, he threw the book from him and fairly danced in bitter wrath, and wished in his rage that one-half the English nation might have the ague and the other half the plague. A clevar comedian ¡. used to amuse himself by making fun out of the; English method cf spelling words in one way and speaking theiu in another. He is reading his friend love letter Should my suit (which he pronounce'! like the word suet) be accepted. "— Brown corrects him, and says it is to be called sewt. The comedian giver, a stare of surprise at his Mend, shrugs his shoulders, and then proceeds—" Should my suit be accepted, I will live in hope of seeiug you wear this bucket." Brown again corrects him by saying it is not called bucket but bukay. The eemedian gives another earnest look at his friend, and settles the matter by saying "Now look Brown, I give you the suit, but I stick to the bucket." Another example of the uncertainty of spelling by sound is the name of the great poet Shakespeare, which is spelled in thirty different ways. It is possible also to spell certain words, such as scissors, in several hundred different ways. Numerous are the examples that might be given of the irregular and varying methods of spelling words on account of the want of system in Euglish OL-rhography. Such considerations as those which have been re- ferrtd to are evidence in support of the contention that a reform in English spelling is necessary and many are already convinced that it is not only necessary but practical, and that a reform of some laud cannot long be delayed. In this view, the Spelling Reform Association ia about to form a special committee for the purpose of investigating the merits of the different schemes of reiormed spelling. One amongst the new schemes is that knowu as the phonetic system, which has been tried for some time past in several schools as well as privately. It has been found practical, and very successful in lessening the difficulties of learning to read and spell. This system, and the results of experiments made with it: will be fur her referred to in another letter.—Yours, 27th October, 1879. FFERM.
The North Wales Public Supply Stores' Teas are the purest, the best, and the cheapest. 14, High-street Wrexham. 77 New Season's Teas, choicely blended, and rich in flavour, at the North Wales Public Supply Stores, 14, High-street, Wrexham. 77 The best, the purest, and the cheapest new season's Teas are to be had at the North Wales Public Supply Stores, 14, High-street, Wrexham. 77 Estimates are given upon application at the Guardian Office, 2G, Hope-street, Wrexham, for printing cata- logues, friendly societies' rules, balance sheets, accounts memorandums, invoices, programmes, circulars, colliery pay sheets, cheque and receipt books, time sheets, bankruptcy forms, articles of association, conditions of sale, &c. HOLLOWAY'S PILLS.—With the darkening days and changing temperatures the digestion becomes impaired, the liver disordered, and the mind despondent unless the cause of the irregularity be expelled from the blood and body by an alterative like these pills. They go directly to the source of the evil, thrust out all impuri- ties from the circulation, reduce distempered organs to their natural state, and correct all defective and com- taminated secretions. Such easy means of instituting healthy strength, and cheerfulness should b. in the possession of all whose stomachs are weak, whose minds are much harassed, or whose brains are overworked. Holloway's is essentially a bleod-tempering medicine, whereby its influence, reaching the remotest fibres of the frame, effects a universal good. Erps's COCOA.—GKATKFUJ. AND COMFORTING.— "By a thorough knowledge of the natural hw, which govern the operations of digestion and nutri- tion, and by a careful application of the line pro- perties of well-selected cocoa, Mr Epps has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately ilavoured beverage which may save us manv heavy doctors/ biiis. it is by the judicious use of such articles of diet! hat a, constitution maybe gradually built up antii strong enough to resist every tendency to dip- ease. Hundreds of subtle maladies are "Coating a roar, d U3 ready to attack wherever there is)1: WP9. point. We may escape many a fatal shaft by kelp- ing ouvscives well fortified with pure blood antI ú properly nourished fnurie."—Civil Service Gazette Sold m packets labelled—"James Epps A Ce, tlomciopv-hic Chemists, London." Epps's medi- cines ..ire i-old in Wrexham by W. Rowland, High street.
NORTH WALES PUBLIC SUPPLY…
NORTH WALES PUBLIC SUPPLY STORES, 14, HIGH STREET, WREXHAM, (Opposite the North and South Wales Bank). THESE Stores of Supply are based and con- ducted on the Co-operative principle,—the Smallest Profit for Cash Payment, with a view to meet the requirements of a class of Customers who are able and willing to pay ready money for their goods, and reason- ably expect to receive full advantages for the same, thereby doing away with the system whereby good customers are made to pay for the bad.
NO SUBSCRIPTION : NO LIABILITY.
NO SUBSCRIPTION NO LIABILITY. PRICE CURRENT FREE ON APPLICATION. I Special attention is called to the following list of
PROPRIETARY ARTICLES, PATENT…
PROPRIETARY ARTICLES, PATENT MEDICINES, &c., Which can be obtained at the North Wales Public Supply Stores:— NOTICE—All goods here described are the original and genuine productions of the names whose brands they bear. IMPORTANT as counterfeits are now veryfrequently sub- stituted. All 2s. 9d. Boxes of Pills, and 2s. 9d. Bottles of Patent Medicines, are sold at 2s. 3d. each. n. Usually So" Sfi, s. d. s. d. Allocck's Porous Plisters 1 H 0 9 Antakos (Cora remedy) 1 li 0 10J Atkinson and Barkers Infant's Preservative 1 lj 0 10} Benzine Collas, for cleilning Gloves, per bott. 1 0 0 9i 11 1106041 Beecham's Cough Pills 1 14 0 IO3 Beeehaui's Pills 2 9 .2 3 Black Currant Lozenges per box 1 0 0 9i 0 6 0 44 Braersr's Charcoal Biscuits per tin 2 0 1 6 „ „ 10 0 9i Braid's prepared Charcoal in bottles, per bott. 2 0 1 6 Brandieth's Pills 1 li 0 Bunter's Nervine 1 0 10J Blair's Pilis 1 li 0 10i Brompton|s Cough Specific 1 0 10J Brown's Broncial Troches 1 lj 0 li» £ Bond's Marking Ink, original (Daughter) 1 0 .0 8§ » 0 6 0 44 Calvert's Carbolic Acid Powder. per tin 1 0 0 9 „ 0 6 C 44 Calvert's Carbolic Acid per bott. 1 6 1 Ii II „ „ 1 0 0 9 Camomile Flowers. per packet 1 6 1 14 it 10 0 84 „ „ 0 6 0 44 Camphor per lb. 2 6 1 8 Camphor (Essence of) per bott. 0 G 0 44 Castor Oil >» 1 3 1 0 „ „ 0 9 0 6 Cathery's Selzina.Aperient 2 0 1 6 Clarke's Blood .Mixture 2 6 2 0 Clarke's Lotion 1 14 0 104 Clarke's Miraculous Salve 1 14 0 104 Condy's Fluid lor Disinfecting, Green 2 0 1 6 „ 10 0 9 „ „ — 0 6 —0 44 Crimson,per bott. 2 0 1 6| „ „ „ 10 0 9 Congreave's B dsamie Elixir 2 9 2 3 1 14 — «> 104 Cooper's (Sir Astley) Vitul Restorative '2 9 2 3 Court Plaster. 0 3 0 2 0 2 0 14 Coutt's Acetic Acid 1 6 I 3 Corn Destroyer (Jenkins') per bott. 1 14 0 104 Chlorodyne (Collis IJrowno's) 1 '4 0 li>4 Citrate o. Magnesia per bott. 1 0 0 8 lib. bottle 2 0 1 6| J, Bishop's per bott.109 Cleaver's Essence of Terebone 1 14 0 104 11 Liquid Terebene .Iolot Cockle's Pills 2 9 2 3 1 14 0 104 Chloride of Lime per bott.' 8 0 .0 84 Crosby's Cough Elixir 1 9 1 6 Daffy's Elixir „ 2 0 1 9 Davis* Pain Killer 1 ••• J04 Dill Seed Water per bott. 0 6 .0 44 Dixon's Pills 1 U JJ 10* De Jough's Cod Liver Oil. 4 9 3 9 2 6 1 10 Doughty's Voice Lozenges 1 0 0 84 Dredge's Heal All 1 ••• 0 104 Dunbar's Aikaram 2 9 2 3 Eade's Gout Pills .Iiolot Elliman's Embrocation 1 lj 0 10* Eno's Fruit Salt 4 6 3 9 2 9 2 3 Eno's Digestive Granules 4 6 3 9 Eno's Vegetable Pills 1 14 ••• 0 104 Epps's Glycerine Jujubes. per box10091 „ „ 1106041 FARINACEOUS FOOD- Dr. Ridge's per packet 0 6 0 5 per tin 1 0 0 9 Dr Hicholl's peT packet 1 0 0 8 Du Barry's Revelenta per tin 2 0 1 8 Neave's »> 10 tt 10 Hard's per packet 1 0 0 10 Savory and llore's per tin 1 0 0 8 EXTRACT OF BEEF- Liebifr's. ••• ••• ••• pe^-pot 3 0 2 6 „ 1 9 1 6 „ 1.3 011 Brand's. ••• per tin 3 o I 8 Fenning's Childrens Cooling Powder .IIolot Hooping Cough Powders 1 14 0 104 Adult Cooling Powders 1 lj 0 104 Luug Healers 1 H ••• 0 104 Frampton's Pills 1 ^4 ••• 0 104 Friar's Balsam per bott. 0 9 0 6 Gadd's Gout Pills per box 1 14 0 104 Glycerine, Price's best per bott. 1 0 0 84 „ 0 6 0 44 Goodall's Quinine Wine 1 6 1 2 Gregory's Powder ,1 1 14 0 1^4 Gum for sticking purposes „ 0 6 0 44 Hand's Blood Medicine 2 9 2 4 Hatfield s Tincture 1 14 ••• 0 1(;4 Holloway's Pills per box 2 9 2 3 „ 111k) lot Ointment per potIojoi Ibyman's Balsam Horehound per bott. 1 14 0 104 Henry's Calcined Magnesia 2 9 2 3 Hunt's Aperient Pills per boxIIt joi Infant's Feeding Bottles, Sand- ringham the cheapest and best per bott. 1 0 0 9 Maw's Alexandra >, 1 0 6 9 ipecacuanha Wiue „ 6 6 0 44 Joy's Cigarettes 2 6 2 0 Blood Medici-,ie .26.20 Kay's ('oa.:ufin,' perbot 0 6 0 44 Kaye's Wordtell s Pills per box 1 Ii." 0 lot Kuy's Essence of Linseed 2 9 2 3 1 14 0 104 Kfating's Insect Powder 1 0 0 9i 11 Cough Lozenges per box 1 14 0 I04 King's Dandelion Pills 1 14 ••• 0 104 Lambert's Balsam 1 14 0 104 Lamplough's Pyretic Saline per bott. 4 6 3 8 „ „ „ 2 6 2 0 „ Lime Juice Syrup „ 2 6 2 0 Peruvian Bark 2 6 2 0 Leach's Golden Pills for Diarrhoea and Cholera per box 1 14 0 104 Locock's Wafers 2 9 2 3 „ „ 1 14 0 104 Lction .Iit .olot Lowe's Pills per box 1 14 0 104 McDougall's Dredge for Disinfecting, per tin Io.olo Morson's Pepsine Globules per bott. 3 6 3 0 „ „ Wine „ 3 0 2 6 „ Powders „ 4 0 3 6 Morison's Pills per box 1 14 0 104 Norton's Camomile Pills per bott. 2 9 2 3 „ 11 „ 1 14 0 104 Osborne's Golden Drops for Deafness 1 14 0 104 Oxley's Essence ol Ginger. per bott. 2 9 2 3 Parr's Pills per box 2 9 2 2 „ 1 14 ••• 0 10 Page Woodcock's Wind Pills 1 14 0 10J Parish's Food, 16oz. 7 0 5 6 „ 4 0 3 0 „ „ „ 2 3 1 6 Pott's Corn Plaster 1 14 0 104 Powell's Balsam of Aniseed per bott. 2 3 1 10 11 1 H — 0 104 Embrocotion „ 1 1* 0 104 Robert's Oint ment (Poor Man's Friend, per pot 1 14 0 104 Roche's Emb"roc ition per bott. 4 0 3 6 Poioke's (Dr.) Pills 1 14 ••• 0 104 Rigollott's Mustard Leaves pkt. (6 leaves) 1 0 0 9i 11 11 3" 0 6 0 4i Rubini's Essence of Camphor per bott. I 0 0 84 Sal Volatile „ 1 1J 0 104 0 8 0 6 Sanitas 1 6 1 2 „ 1 0 0 9 Savory & Moore's Datura Tatula per box 2 6 1 9 I Scott's (Dr.) Pills 1 14 0 104 Spirits of Nitre per bott. 1 6 1 2 „ „ 1 0 0 9 Stanton's Cough Pills per box 1 14 0 104 „ 0 74 0 6 frteeUman's Soothing Powders for Clildren cutting teeth per packet2923 111oloi Ste dman's Tonic Drops 1 14 0 104 Stevenson's Pills per box111 t) lot Steedman's Hooping Cough Powder 1 H. 0 104 Stone's Complexion Pills per box 1 14 0 lf>4 Aclibiiious Pills 1 J4 0 lo| Sweeting's Toothache Elixir 1 14 0 10J SiÜlítz Powders, superior per box10. 0 8 Thompson's Burdock Pills 1 14 0 104 Townsend's (Old Dr. Jacob) Sarsaparilla 7 6 5 8 „ „ 4 6 3 6 „ „ 2 6 1 10 Pills, per box 1 14 0 104 Teed's Ch'oric Essence of Ginger per bott. 1 l| 0 104 Vickc-rs'An ilactic 1 14 9 114 Widow Welck's Pills per b >x 2 .2 3 Winsiow's Soothing Syrup purbo.it. J 1J 0 104 Whelptou's Pills per box 2 i) 2 3 .IIj (I lot „ „ 0 74 0 6 Whitehead's Essence of Mustard 2 9 2 3 William's Worm Lozenges 1 14 ••• •< IO4 Wood's Cousrh Linctus pc~ bctt. 1 lj 0 lo 1 Wright's Coil-tar Pills 1 14 0 94 Coal-tar Soap 0 6 0 4^ Any description of Patent Medicines, &c., not here enumerated, can be supplied at Wholesale Prices.
-4 %ratoamen s Jirtrress^s. WINES AND SPIRITS FOR EYERY-DAY USE SELECTED FROM W. AND A. GILBEyS LIST OF 220 VARIETIES. THE purity of every article is guaranteed under Act 38 and 39 Vict., Cap. 63. Consumers will JL recognise in this Act a means of verifying the guarantee W. and A. Gilbey have always given of the purity and genuineness of all Wines and Spirits bearing their seals and labels. The "SELECTED LIST" of W. & A. Gilbey's Wines and Spirits comprises two descriptions only Of each class of Wines and Spirits, the first selected on account of its moderate price, and the second for its fine quality combined with greater age. AGENT :— MR, GEORGE DUTTON, GROCER, &c., HIGH STREET, WREXHAM. PRICES THE SAME AS AT HEAD ESTABLISHMENTS. Per Per Per Per WINES. Bottle Dozen SPIRITS. Bottle Dozen s. d. s. d. s d. s. d. PORT Castle A (from Portugal). An excellent") 2 0 24 0 GIN Castle UP Highly rectified at W&A Gilbey's 9 0 24 0 fruity WiLe, well matured. 5 years old j own Distillery. 33 per cent, under proof j PORT Castle B (from Portugal). A fine full- 2 4 28 0 GIN Castle PROOF Highly rectified at W. & A. V.2 ,n o, 0 flavoured fruity Wine. 8 years old J Gilbey's own Distillery. Strength, proof } A SPANISH PORT Castle 1 (from Spain). A). „ lfi „ IRISH WHISKEY Castle UP. Pure Dublin"), 27 0 Fruity Wine of frood body. 2 years old j Whiskey. 33 per cent, under proof 5 SPANISH PORT Castle 4 (from Spain). The"),10 IRISH WHISKEY Castle DO. Very fine-)a « og a finest old Red Wine produced. 10 years old 5 Dublin Whiskey. Strength, proof ) SHERRY Castle SPANISH (from Spain). A"), „ SCOTCH WHISKEY Castle UP. Pure Malt a pure Spanish Sherry. 2 years old j Whiskey-. 33 per cent, uuder proof i SHERRY Castle C Pale (from Spain). An>2 4 28 0 SCOTCH WHIsKEY Castle SO. A high-class") „ 00 0 excellent type of nutty Sherry. 6 years old J Scotch Whiskey. Strength, proof S MARSALA Castle VP Pale (from Sicily). A 16 0 BRANDY Castle UP. Possessing the whole- > 9 « an 0 delicate dinner Wine. 3 years old S some qualities of Copnac. 38 under proof .} MARSALA Castle C Pale (from Sicily). The), 8 20 0 BRANDY Castle PROOF. Possessing the") « ai A finest Marsala produced. 7 years old J wholesome qualities of Cognac. Proof j w CLARET Castle A (from France). A pure), 0 12 0 COGNAC Castle D. An excellent Cognac"), i9 n full-bodied Wine. 1 year in bottle J Brandy of fine flavour. 33 underproof }* u CLARET Castle C (from France;. A fine- } fi iS 0 COGNAC Castle FO. A very fine Champagne"} A rt flavoured and well-matured Medoc Wine ) Brandy. Strength, proof y SAUMUR Castle Silver Foil. A") Bottles 2 1 25 0 JAMAICA RUM Castle UP. A Well-matured"), a 27 fl Sparkling dry Champagne ) Half-Botts. 1 3 14 6 Jamaica Rum. 33 per cent under proof J SAUMUR Castle Gold Foil. The) Bottles 2 6 30 0 JAMAICA RUM Castle JO. A very fine") „ „ n choicest Wine of the District. j Half-Botts. 1 5 17 0 Jamaica Rum. Strength, proof CHAMPAGNE Castle 1. A pure") Bottles 2 2 26 0 HOLLANDS Castle 1 Distilled in Holland"), „ Sparkling Wine for ordinary use J Half-Botts. 1 3 15 0 from Rye. 14 per cent, under proof y u CHAMPAGNE Castle 3. A high") Bottles 3 6 42 0 HOLLANDS (Silver Stream). The finest)- s ss class delicate Champagne y Half-Botts. 1 11 23. 0 Geneva. Bottled abroad. 14 under proof y All Bottles (except for Sparkling Wines) are charged ld. each, which is allowedwken returned. SINGLE BOTTLES.—Single Bottles of any of W. & A. Gilbey's 220 varieties of Wines and Spirits can 1>8 purchased as samples. EXPORTATION.—W. &. A. Gilbey's Wines and Spirits can be obtained free of duty from their Excise Bonded Warehouses.—For Prices see Special Export List. PAYMENTS.—In order to give every possible advantage to consumers cash payments are absolutely necessary, as all prices are arranged upon that principle. COMPLETE LIST.—A Complete List of W. & A. Gilbey's Wines and Spirits, containing full particulars of 220 varieties, sent free on application. 1386 PHOTOGRAPHY. CARTES from 6s. CABINETS, 15s.; OIL PAINTINGS from 30s. ROYAL LETTERS PATENT GRANTED TO BROWN, BARNES & BELL FOR ARTISTIC IMPROVEMENTS IN PHOTOGRAPHY. Churches, Mansions, Private Residences, Family Groups, Garden Parties, Fetes, &c., photo- graphed by Special Artists throughout North Wales. Favourite Animals at Owner's Residence by appointment. WESTMINSTER BUILDINGS, LATE ART EXHIBITION, WREXHAM. 911 MURLESS AND KNIGHT, (LATE J. B. MUBLESS & SON), WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS, W REX HAM. Entrance to Offices and Stores in Wynnstay Arms Yard-first door on the right. IMPORTERS OP HOCKS, MOSELLES, BURGUNDIES, CLARETS, SAUTERNES, CHABLIS, BUCELLAS, AND OTHER LIGHT WINES. FINEST OLD COGNAC BRANDIES. HENNESSY'S & MARTELL'S CASED BRANDIES. OLD IRISH AND SCOTCH WHISKIES FROM BEST DISTILLERS. MOET & CHANDON, LOUIS ROEDERER, PERINET & FILS, AND OTHERS, ALSO SAUMUR CHAMPAGNES. PORTS AND SHERRIES. WOODHOUSE AND BEST MARSALA. AGENTS FOR THE HUNGARIAN WINE GROWERS' ASSOCIATION. Do. do. BELLTHAL BRUNNEN MINERAL WATERS. Do. do. J. SCHWEPPE & CO.'S MINERAL WATERS. BOTTLERS OF BASS'S BITTER ALE AND GUINNESS'S STOUT. 962' THE BOOK AND STATIONERY DEPOT, 1, CHURCH STREET, WBEXHAM. WGARRATT- J ONES invites attention to his varied and choice assortment of Office, Home, and School Stationery, Fancy and useful Goods. All have been selected from the best WholeaJe Houses, and are offered at the lowest remunerative prices. BIRTHDAY, CHRISTENING, AND WEDDING PRESENTS. CARDS. Birthday Cards (by English and Foreign Makers) printed in the best style of Chromo Lithe graphy, from Id. upwards. J v, M I FANCY Stevens' celebrated Coventry Book Markers at 6d. and Is. Photo Albums, elegantly bound for GOODS. cartes and cabinets Inkstands and Writing Desks; Swiss Carvings, comprising TnVgfatn^ book and letter Racks, Pen and Card Trays, Paper Knives, &c., &c. LEATHER Ladies' and Gentlemen's Card Cases n Russia, Morocco, &c.; Purses in great variety, from GOODS. sixpence upwards; Cigar Cases, Photo Frames, Students' and Ladies' Companions, Wallets, Tourist Cases, Leather Desks, Boys' Satchels. PRESENTA- Selected Books, suitable to all ages, from the establishments of Routledge, Warne, S. P. TION Partridge and Co., Nimmo, &c. Illuminated Birthday Books, and "Links of Memo BOOKS. Russia; the "Red Line" Poets; Grimm's Fairy Library; Toy Books, on paper and liaeB^ illustrated by eminent artists, from 2d. to 2s. REWARD Books and Tracts in 6d., Is., and Is. 6d. packets; Beautifully Illuminated Text "Cards for CARDS & BOOKS, school children TEACHERS' BIBLES, CHURCH SERVICES, AND HYMNALS. BIBLES. Depot for Bibles, Prayer Books, and Church Services, printed at Oxford University Press Oxford Teachers' Bibles, from 3s. 9d. upwards. PRAYERS. Church Services, Prayer and Hymn Books, separately and bound together. HYMN ALS. Hymns Ancient and Modern, old and new editions in various sizes and bindings; the Church Hymnal, Hymnal Companion, Sankey's Sacred Songs, Congregational and Wesley's Hyms Books, with Supplement SCHOOL, OFFICE, AND GENERAL STATIONERY. SCHOOL All well-known School Copy-Books kept in stoc1": Exercise and Drawing Books, from id. to BOOKS. Is.; Pencils, Erasers, Slates, and School Books at low prices; Foolscap, Blotting Paper Ruled Paper for Examinations, Colour Boxes, School Registers Draft Ink, 2s. 6d. per gallon. N.B.—Schools supplied upon special and most liberal termI. PRINTING, LITHOGRAPHING, DIE SINKING, &0. PRINTING, W. G. J. has special terms with the best houses for Embossing, Lithographic Printing, Coppot &C. Plate Engraving, Die Sinking, &c. All two-letter Monograms in stock, and no charge for use of dies. Ball Programmes, Invite and Visiting Cards printed in the most artistio maimer at the shortest notice; Memoriam Funeral Cards- promptly supplied. NEWSPAPERS, PERIODICALS, AND MAGAZINES Supplied on days of publication. MUSIC. New Music supplied, post free, at half the published price. W. GARRATT-JONES, BOOKSELLER, STATIONER, GENERAL NEWSPAPER AGENT, PRINTER AND BOOKBINDER, 1, CHURCH STREET, WREXHAM. 000 WARNING WHEN YOU ASK FOR RECKITTS PARIS BLUE SEE THAT YOU GET IT! RECKITT'S PARIS BLUE THE GENUINE IS USED BY THE LAUNDRESSES OF THE PRINCESS OP WALES AND DUCHESS OF EDINBURGH. R E C K ITT'S PARIS BLUE IS USED BY THE POOR BECAUSE IT IS CHEAP, AND BY THE RICH BECAUSE OF ITS BEAUTY. BEWARE OF BAD IMITATIONS. SEE RECKITT'S NAME ON EVERY WRAPPER.
FLINTSHIRE CONSERVATIVE ASSO-.…
honour to propose this evening is one which expresses approval of the past conduct of the Government, and expreses the confidence, which I am sure this meeting feels, in the conduct of the Government for the future. (Cheers). This is a resolution which I can propose to you with the greatest confidence—(hear, hear)—and with the greatest pleasure. There is no doubt about this, that the present administration have fallen upon troublous times. They have had to guide the bark of State through most troublous waters. (Hear, hear). They entered upon otfice in the year 1874. Sometime before that there were clouds showing in the horizon in different directions. (Hear, hear). A short time before that, great depression in commerce had begun to exhibit itself in the western horizon, and a cloud was gathering over the commercial prosperity of America, and it was perfectly certain that it would soon reflect itself upon us. The consequence was that our exports to that country rapidly fell off, and that was the principal, if not the main, cause of the depression of trade which has existed in this country during the last three or four years. Unfortunately we did not get a knock-down blow simply c: he right hand, but we got one at the same time on the left. The same commercial panic and depression appeared in Vienna, and it then rapidly spread over the whole continent. That was the knock- down our trade and commerce received on either hand. Unfortunately we were not in a position to receive a right and left hand blow one after the other. Specula- tion had inflated trade in this country to such an extent that our commercial position was like a large bloated bauble, and it did not require much to burst it. (Hear, hear). You will all of you well remember how prices ran up in an extraordinary way in the years 1872-3, and the consequence was that everybody thought they were going to be rich all at once, rich to-day or to-morrow, and the end of it was that people spent all the money they had in their pockets and all the money they could borrow, and the result was that they soon found their pockets empty, and trade and commerce depressed. That was the state of affairs the Govern- ment had to face when they came into office in 1874. Before now good harvests have pulled this country through much. If we had had good, successful harvests from that time to this, possibly we could have pulled through in a satisfactory manner, but you are all per- fectly aware, particularly some gentlemen, whom I observe now—-(a group of farmers)—the state of affairs in this direction, which has been very serious to those engaged in the farming interest. (Hear, hear). Well, that is what the Government has had to deal with at home. They have not had a much better state of affairs, mfact a far worse state of affairs, to deal with abroad. (Cheers). Almost immediately after they went into office, at any rate within a short time, the first rumbling of the Eastern Question was heard. The fact was Russia was at her old game. I won't say Turkey was at her old game, for Turkey has always been playing the game of Russia. Turkey's bad government has always given Russia, I won't say an excuse, but an op- portunity of stirring up trouble in the East so that she may benefit from it. (Cheers). As I have said before, the rumbling of this question began almost directly after the present Government came into power, and those rumblings increased. You recollect the insurrec- tion in Herzegovina and Bosnia, and the Servian war, aiia how Russia mustered her forces on the frontier of Turkey, how the Russian and Turkish war broke out, and how there seemed tu be every prospect of Europe being in a blaze of warfare. That was a time when we wanted a good man at the wheel. (Cheers). Fortunately there had been a general election in 1874, and a new Parliament had been returned to power, and a good man had been put at the wheel. (Cheers). This country has to be very thankful for that. (Cheers). And not only this country, but Europe. (Loud cheers). It was by the firmness, the sagacity, and the foresight of the statesman, who was at the head of power in this country, that a great European warfare was averted. (Cheers). Tilings became truly critical at one time, for Russia ws at the gates of Constantinople-(hear. hear) —and there was no one ready to keep her out. (Cheers). That is, there was no one on land ready to keep her out but fortunately the British Fleet was not far off! (Cheers). The British lleet passed the Dardanelles, and, with the fleet virtually at Constantinople, England said Thus far, and no further"—(cheers)—and the mandate of the British Fleet was obeyed, and the Russian army grounded arms and stood at ease. That was ohe position of affairs in 1877. Then there was a great fight about the treaty of settling affairs in the east, You know what took place. Russia forced upon Turkey the Treaty of San Stefano. Germany, a power- ful State in Europe, unwilling to fall out with their old friend Russia, was willing to allow things to slide on but this country tood forward, and took up the cudgels —(cheers)—and the result was that the Treaty of Berlin was carried into effect. (Cheers). Now that is the'treaty which has been sneered at, and attempts have been made by the Liberal party of this country to deride it. Sir William Harcourt, who, no doubt, is an ex- ceedingly able man, and an important leader of the Liberal party, said not Ion- ago that the Treaty of Berlin had settled nothing. What he said has been repeated over and over again by our Liberal opponents so many times that no doubt they now begin to believe it. (Laughter and ch-jers). They say that this Government have unsettled every- thing by their extravagance, and that they settled nothing by the ireaty of Berlin. Now what was the Treaty of Berlin intended to settle ? What are the two main principles which the Administration took up when they tried to push forward that treaty ? The first was this, that affairs in the east of Europe were not to be settled by the will of Russia, but by the international law of Europe. (Cheers). That point was successfully settled in our favour by the fact of affairs being settled at Berlin by the great Powers of Europe instead of by the private Treaty of San Stefano. (Cheers). The seeond great principle that our Administration aimed at in hrmging about ttie Treaty of Berlin was this, that Russia's aggressive wishes should not be carried out in the east of Europe. I say most emphatically that the second principle was entirely and fully carried out. (Cheers). Supposing there had been no Treaty of Berlin then the private Treaty of San Stefano would still be in existence, and at the present moment that part of the country which is called on the map Turkey in Europe," would have been occupied bv liu^iari forces at the present moment, and would have been governed by a Hussion commissioner. (Cheers). But what is the position at the present moment? Why there is not a Russian soldier in that country, they are all within their own boundrv, there is no R tssjon commissioner there and all the Russians are within their own country. (Cheers). Furthermore, Russia is, at the present moment, the most isolated Power in th" whole of Europe, (Hear hear, and cheers). There is not at the present moment the slightest fear of Russian aggression in the East. Within the last few weeks Austria and Germany have acted together in establish- ing the Treaty of Berlin, and they have determined that that treaty shall be rigidly carried out, and that Russian aggression shall be tolerated no longer in that part of the continent. (Cheers). Our policy; the policv of this country, and the interests of this country, have been thug mast successfully vindicated. (Hear.' hear, and cheers). It will not do to prophesy too much, but I will venture to say this that so far as the observance of any intelligent person can go, there never seemed to be a greater prospect of peace in Europe than there is at the present moment. (Cheers). This, I say most emphatically, that this country, France, Germany, and Austria conjointly are all determined that the Treaty of Berlin shall be strictly carried out. (Cheers). So much for foreign affairtl. I think I ought to say one word with regard to home affairs. (Hear, hear, and Cheers). I said just now that Sir William Harcourt and other gentlefnen had said that we unsettled every- thing by our extravagance. Now the fact is, it is very easy to say a thing of that sort, but when you come to figures it ie much more difficult to prove. (Hear, hear). Moreover, it is much easier when you come to figures to prove the exact contrary. (Cheers). I am not going to the you with a great list of figures, for I know, even at school, figures are considered a rather bothering subjeet. I will just mention one or two facts. There was a long discussion after the budget this year, and on that occasion the Under Secretary for the Home Department (Sir Selwyn Ibettson), in the presence of the Liberal leaders, made this statement, which has never been contradicted since, and for which he gave facts au figures at the time in proof, and I believe his state- ment cannot be contradicted. He was comparing the five years of Mr. Gladstone's Government with the five years of the present Government. He said that the taxation whjch was drawn from the pockets of each individual tax payer, taking everybody throughout the country, amounted during the first five years to £2 Os. lid. per head. During the five years of the Eresent Administration the amount was £ 2 Os. 2id. per ead. (Loud cheers). Now you may take that as a fact. It was stated in the presence of the Opposition, and they have been unable to contradict it. (Cheers). Of course, the^ aggregate amount of expenditure in a country like this must increase year by year, because the country is growing. (Hear, hear). The population in five years increases at about the rate of a million and a, half—(hear, hear)—and as the country grows, of course the expenditure must grow a'so. Many of you, no doubt, are fathers of families If you hail taken one of your boys to the tailor five years ago and had a suit of clothes made for him and you paid so much for it, and you take him to the same tailor now and say I want a suit of clothes for my boy, what will it cost?" and if he replied Well, I must charge so much," and you found that sum rather more than you paid before, would you be astonished? (Laughter and cheers). Why, of course the boy has grown. (Hear, b' Well, so it is with the nation. We are, in the Mace, a healthy nation, and in the second place a grv iAng nation. (Loud cheers). We find that our expenditure increases because our population increases. (Cheers). As long as you find that you are doing it at less cost per head, then you may have good reason to hope that things are not being done extravagantly but economically and with care. (Cheers). The resolution I have the honour to propose is as follows :—" That this meeting desires to express its fall appreciation of the Statesmanlike manner in which the Government have guided the country through the most trying and difficult period, both at home and abroad, and its un- abated confidence that the same ability will distinguish its administration in the future." (Cheers). Colonel COOKE, who was loudly applauded on rising, said he had great pleasure in seconding the resolution. He thought it a matter for great congratulation that the Conservative Government had been in power during the late war. The Conservative Government always kept things in a state of efficiency on the principle that it was better to spend pence now thfin pr unds hereafter. (Cheers). He believed that during the Jate difficulty in the East the navy was never in a more efficient state, and the army was as good as it could be considering the reforms of Lord Cardwell during the time of the late Ministry. (Cheers). They had heard the chair- man say that shortly the question would be asked who will win at the next election ? II" thought Manchester had answered that question. (Loud cheers). Let them look at the splendid reception given by 200,000 Con- servatives to Lord Salisbury. (Cheers). He believed that Conservatism would prevail throughout the length and breadth of the land. (Cheers). Mr. H. C. RAIKES, M.P., who was received with loud cheers, said such a reception as they had been good enough to accord him made him proud that he might consider himself a Flintshire elector—(applause)—and it was in that capacity, and that alone, that he ventured to appear before them as a supporter of the resolution which had been so ably proposed by his friend and their future member. (Cheers). Although it was his lot occasionally, and not always with his freest goodwill, to appear at political meetings, he had made it a rule for some years past, since he was called to the responsible office which he now held in Parliament—(applause)—to abstain from party demonstration, except in places with which he was immediately and directly connected. (Hear, hear). When in London or any other part of the country he thought first of the duty which he owed to the House of Commons, and he preferred to keep his own political opinions in the background. (Hear, hear). It was only when he was among his own constituency, where the electors had a right to be informed of what he thought, or when he was among his own neighbours, fellow-parishioners, or brother electors, that he was entitled to speak upon the great questions of the day— (applause)—and when he came to ask them to accept a resolution, so ably moved and seconded, they must dismiss any idea of his being connected with a Govern- ment of which he was not a member. He was only an inhabitant in the neighbourhood of Mold, and a near neighbour of Mr. Pennant, who had told them very well and very briefly the story of the last four or five years. During that time one Government had held the reins of power, and that Government would have soon to appeal to the electors of the country for their verdict as to the use which they had made of that power, and he did not think that anybody who was a friend of the Government need fear the verdict which would be pro- nounced in that case. (Loud applause). It was not the Government or its friends that had monopolised public platforms, or had sought to make their views most loudly heard in the din of political contest; but it was those who had no responsibility that talked, while those who had responsibility acted. (Hear, hear, and cheers). It was by the action of the last few years that the Government of Lord Beaconsfield would be judged, either by the immediate verdict of the constituencies i or future history. Although they Lad to confront a period of almost unexampled depression at home, they had at the same time to face abroad a complication of difficulties which, he must say, were unexampled, but which rarely existed abroad, and in dealing with those difficulties at home and abroad they had also to meet for the first time a particular form of opposition in the House of Commons which had not been levelled against this or that party, but against Parliament- the Government itself. (Hear, hear, and applause). And they had to listen night after night to criticisms upon their policy which could have found no echo in any part of the country, and could only have found an echo in the councils of some foreign Power. Ill-fared that opposition which could make capital out of the misfortunes or disasters of its country—(applause)—and still worse would it fare with the Opposition if those misfortunes and disasters did not come. (Hear, hear, and applause). It was always an easy thing to be a prophet of evil and it was equally easy to be a prophet of evil when it did not come—(applause)—and he ventured to believe that the sound basis upon which the Government had settled the European difficulties would be found, in the course of the next few years, to redound to the credit of the Ministry. (Heai, hear, and applause). Referring to the depression of trade in this country, he said that if the Government was responsible for any portion of this, it was surely more reasonable to attribute it to the policy of the Government which had held office for nearly fifty years. When the Conservatives went into office they were constantly told that the Govern- ment were extravagant, and that the taxation of the country was excessive, but as a matter of fact the taxation of the country during the last five years in its incidence on the individual was less than in the last five years of the late Government, and though a large amount of money had been spent, a great deal had been done for it. As to the settlement of affairs in the East, he thought the country would say that had been achieved at a small cost. He believed that the sym- pathies and confidence of the people of England were with the Conservative party, and not with the reactionary policy which was the only policy the Radicals had to offer. (Applause). The Opposition had no policy except to undo that which had been done during the last five years. They were not prepared with Parlia- mentary reform, Church reform, or land reform which would unite their own party, and when they had those gentlemen coming before them for their support they must ask them what they were going to undo of what had been done in the past, and what they were prepared to do with regard to the future. (Applause)., They had a representative of the boroughs in that county who was prepared with a great measure, and proposed to take the field in person. Let the listening world stand in awe Where ^Gladstone .trembled and Bright was afraid there was Roberts of Abergele. (Loud laughter). Whatever might be the shortcomings of the Liberal party generally there was a gentleman representing the Flint boroughs who was prepared to close public-houses on Sunday. (Laughter and applause). That was a measure in connection with which there might be some difference of opinion, and he for one should be glad to see public-houses doing no business on Sunday but he would rather see it achieved by the unwillingness of people to go to them than by prohibitory law. (Loud applause). It was hardly desirable that they should make an exception in the case of Wales and say its people were not to be trusted on a Sunday afternoon— (hear, hear, and applause)—as much as the people in any other part of her Majesty's dominions. He had the privilege of knowing something of Wales and England, and he had not learned to believe that a Welshman was more inclined than an Englishman to disgrace himself on any day in the week, and was less capable of self- command than his English brethren. If it was desir- able at all it was desirable generally—(applause)—and he hardly complimented them upon their member's opinion of their fitness for self-government—(ioud applause)—when he found that he had selected them as a body upon which this question was to be tried. In conclusion, Mr. Raikes urged upon the electors of Mold to co-operate in reversing the result of the last election in the boroughs, and he as a voter would not be content unless Mold was at the other end of the scale. (Ap- plause). The thing could be done it had been done and it should be done—(loud applause—and they would not be content until the boys of Mold should cry Pennant am byth." (Loud cheers). Mr. SOTHAKD (Holywell), in speaking to the reso- lution, replied to several remarks make by Mr. John Roberts, M,P., and playfully charged him with aiming at the Premiership. He said he knew Mr. John Roberts had some "cheek," but nevertheless he thought he (the speaker) would make a better M.P. (Laughter). He would take good care not to sit with the Home Rulers—(laughter)—and he would take good care to leave alone Mr. Gladstone and also a gentleman like Mr. Raikes. Rev. T. LLOYD (Nerquis): Mr. Chairman, I was invited here to hear an exposition of Conservative principles, and not to hear a continuation of personal remarks such as the last speaker has indulged in. (Hear, hear, and applause). Mr. SUTHAKD If one man has a right to run down another man on a public platform, a third person has an equal right to say on a public platform what he thinks proper as a reply. (Loud and prolonged cheers). Mr. Suthard then proceeded to criticise other remarks made by Mr. Roberts, and concluded his speech amidst much applause. The CHAIRMAN then put the resolution which was carried unanimously. IIr. C. P. MORGAN moved, "That the best thanks of the Flintshire Constitutional Association are due, and hereby tendered, to P. P. Pennant, Esq., for the gallant fight made by him in the Conservative cause last year." (Loud cheers). Mr. Morgan said he hoped that at the coming election Mold would not be in the background. He believed Flintshire wished to have Mr. Pennant as their representative, and he hoped Moid would not deter Flintshire from returning whom they wished. (Hear, hear, and cheers). Mr. A. T. ROBERTS seconded the motion, which, having been unanimously carried, was briefly responded to by Captain PENNANT. Mr. W. B. MARSTON moved a vote of thanks to the president, remarking that he was most gratified to see him amonst them. (Cheers). Mr. J. COBBETT had much pleasure in seconding the resolution. The motion was carried unanimously, and briefly re- sponded to. The meeting broke up with cheers for Mr. Raikes, Capt. Pennant, Mr. Peel, and the ladies. The latter part of the meeting was slightly hurried to admit of those present catching an early train.