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THE ESTABLISHED CHURCH.

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Jomgix futclltgcita.

THE AFGHAN WAR.

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---IRON AXD COAL.

AGRICULTURE.

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AGRICULTURE. AGRICULTURAL LITERATURE. Farmers in these days of general intelligence and enterprise are more fortunate than their brethren of the previous century, in having at command literature of a varied and instructive kind, relating to the theory and practice of agriculture. Such a light as is now diffused throughout the wide field of agriculture and the many enjoyments resulting from it could scarcely be dreamed of in the days gone by. During the present century there has been wonder- ful activity and advancement in this class of literature of books, pamphlets, journals, and periodicals, in relation to the science and practice of agriculture, and the various details of farming operations. A full history of the rise and progress of agricultural literature in Great Britain would in a great measure be a history of the agricultural art itself, and such a work from the hand of any qualified writer would be most interesting and suggestive to all at present engaged in farming pursuits. There is, it is true, a history of agriculture by Mr. Hoskyns, which is perhaps as full as any yet published, but this is incomplete, requiring to.be revised and continued, so as to include the ex- perience required and the progress made, to the present times. I At the first glance of the long list of agricultural works, there is a feeling of pride that the United King- dom has given birth to such able, devoted, and ex- perienced men in the domain of agriculture, who have recorded the results of their wide observations and ripe experience in the science and art of farming for the en- lightenment of those who follow them in the same comprehensive and honorable industry. The first periodical circulated on agriculture, it appears, was Roby's Farmers' Journal," commenced in about the year 1790, and that the first entire work on agriculture was The Booke of Husbandrie" by Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, published in 1534. This work is regarded as the first instalment to the agricultural literature of Great Britain. The plan of issuing journals by agricultural societies was begun by the Highland Improvers' Society (Scotland), when that society pub- lished in the year li 13 its first volume of "Transactions." It seems also that this was the first society that was formed in Great Britain for promoting agriculture. Since the days of Tull, Tusser, Rhan, and Laurence, those venerable authorities in agriculture, there has been a steady and unceasing stream of literature in almost every branch and detail of farming. This includes a choice lot of voluminous, at the same time luminous, encyclopaedias, and treaties, by well known authors, the mere mention of which, make the fingers of aspiring agriculturists itch to have them in possession. The development in this kind of literature has been most marked since the period of the general awakening with respect to the study of science, especially the science of chemistry, as applied to agriculture. This has been an excellent effect in stimulating the progress of the agricultural art, and will be so much the better for the ultimate well-being of the country. In the present day, agriculture has become with many a fashionable pursuit, and besides, there are now more enquiries than ever made into every branch of the art. Such activity and enquiry have occasioned an increasing demand for practical works respecting the principles and practice of agriculture as well as horticulture. In truth so extensive has agricultural literature become, that a great part of the science and practice connected with farming and general cultivation of the soil is recorded in books, pamphlets, and periodicals. This literature has been more especially extended during the past fifty years, as during that period most of the improvements on agriculture have been made, and scientific discoveries recorded. This activity and growth continues without intermission, and is the natural result of the combined industry and devotedness of those several pioneers in the cause of agriculture, and its literature, amongst whom may be named noblemen, country gentlemen, practical agriculturists, chemists, geologists, naturalists, en- gineers, and others in different professions. A detailed description would be requisite in order to give a fair idea of the considerable number of works that have published—say within the past fifty years only-by various authorities on agricultural science and practice, without referring at all to the many public- ations relating to the kindred subject of horticulture. Such a description however would be too long for an article like the present, and so a brief reference to the principal books must suffice. The subject will be re- sumed in this column next week. FFERM. 4th October, 1879. THE CORN TRADE.—The Mark Lane Express says- "A somewhat higher temperature has prevailed during the past week, but the weather has continued broken and unsettled. In the Midland counties the rainfall has been excessive, and harvesting has been carried on in a very desultory manner. In other parts of the United Kingdom much corn remains unstacked, as the grain was in too damp a state, when cut, to admit of its being put up. The trade opened very firmly at the beginning of the week, both in the country and at Mark-lane, and an advance of 2s. to 3s, per quarter on wheat, and fully Is. per sack and barrel on flour. A fair degree of steadiness has been preserved, the imports into London having been quite moderate, but the excitement of ten days since has been altogether wanting. In occasional instances, where sales has been pressed, sellers have accepted Is. per quarter less money, but as a rule the late advance has been maintained. Nor does there appear to be any immediate probability of a decline, judging by the probable requirements of France and Russia. Spring corn has undergone little alteration during the week. Maize has receded about 6d. per quarter."

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DENBIGH SCHOOL BOARD EXPENDITURE.

THE WREXHAM COUNCIL.

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Zty onbon a3tttt.

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WREXHAM INFIRMARY.

I warkd.