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We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions ex- pressed by our Correspondents. Our columns are open to fair discussion, but we request all writers to use temperate and courteous language, and to be as brief and concise as possible. Communications not accompanied by the name and address of the writer, or which are addressed in any other way than to THE EDITOR, will not be inserted. THE LUCUBRATIONS OF JOHN JONES. DISESTABLISHMENT—(Continued). TO THE EDITOR OF THE GUARDIAN. SIB,—To carry ou the thoughts of our last con- tribution, I often feel very strongly that the nation at large,and more especially its legislators, do not adequately realise the incalculable influence for good of our national schools. The opponents of religious teaching and the Church of England are, neverthe- less, well aware "f the fact, and hence their frantic endeavours at all costs to supersede them, and establish purely secular education throughout the country. We are told that many countries in Europe are honeycombed with infidel and secret societies, and we even read of school children piaying at the game of high treason. Infidelity, socialism, nihilism, and terrorism of manifold hues are tearing asunder the fabric of human society on the Continent. How different hitherto has been the state of things in our own land. Nothing less than the astounding revelations of the Last Judgment will make us fully realise what national blessings the old Catechism" of the Church has bestowed upon ur. There is a reciprocalbor.d of union running through the people up to the throne, and from the throne down to the people, and welding- us together into a great and compact nation. Through a recondite and unspeakable sentiment of a higher and mys- terious unity penetrating all grndes and classes of society, whose origin can only be traced to the teachings of the Catechism which have become un- consciously part and parcel of our national existence. We have, as it were, imbibed these teachings with our mover's milk. They form that which is stable in the English character. The Christian religion has entered the very bones and marrow and mental habits of Englishmen. reverence for public law and order, and the irre- pressible yearning for liber!y and fair play, which has made them so illustrious in the annals of 1 he world, are only traceable to the same source. The doctrines of the Christian religion and the Church Catechism I take to be synonymous. The I believe' and My duty towards God, and C-My duty towards my neighbour," and the I desire" or; every baptised child, are the beginning and ending, j the perfection and sum total, of all known an.: knovvabje religions, natural and revealed. The Catechism is or no denomination or party, of n-i race or nationality transcends all Merely national boundaries, is commensurate with Ciiristianify it-self, and satisfies the yearnings of the humu race, irrespective of age or latitude. 1 am curious to know if an- Englishman or Welsh- man ever existed in any of the msnifold relations of life, except the insanely political—either PS father, uietlie", brother, sister, master, sorraul, employer, or etupl.yed—wlco objected to his or her child, servant or tenant, to desire in their heart, of hearts to become and to be the I desire" df the Chinch "Ctrifc-echism ? Or, again, is it. possible to conceive a'Rjind so constituted as to be capable of serioctsh" o^gvcMng to trhe two-fold duty towards God ana -man inculcated in tlie-Catecbisuif And is this not. the final cause of all legislation? Tu lac the CGoatKnm&tion annihilation 0: ail law. except the law of duty, which underlie!! conce.p- trwe and moral existence. And the wer" has beca,and never can be, 'explained except as originating in, and emanating from, the Creed. Ail trio positive and sensational ischoois of philosophy have not a shadow of a shades explana- tixj word "dct.y to offer to their disciples. It seems to me that the miserable attempts of th<' Darwiniau developeroent school to explain ..his word j proceed from utter hopelessness of ever-acquiring a j moral ascendancy over the human mind. It. is absolutely non existent e-xcejst. as grounded on the j Christian belief. Co the b, lid" and the co duty and the desire" are indissoiubly bou-ad together, and constitute the'whole of man the doctrines, the | conduct, and spirituality of the perf-cst eiczen in alt -his relations of life and his hopes of im mor- ta'.by. j Infidel politics and fanaticism under the cloak of religion are endeavouring to oust from our schools this profoundly unseetarian teaching of fbristiauity. There is not a single watchword or crotchet of any uf the sects in it from 'beginning to end. It is sublimely above them all, eschews them all. It re; ognises nothing but pure and simple 'Christianity. And the Creed is*imp!y a forestalling of life ulti- mate spiritual analysis of all possible discovery, scionee and philosophy; that which the human mind in its efforts through all its sciences might be supposed to be able to reach to—the belief in the Triane God. The Creed of the Church proves the continuity of the Scripture, and haa- monises in a higher truth all its seeming discrepan- cies. The Creed is the concentrated quintessence of all discoveries and revelations vouchsafed as yet to the human mind. And we are abundantly justified in calling all schools which reject the Catechism, godless schools, and characterise t ueir teaching as Iofidel. Why, then, has it been so jealously forbidden even to be named in our board schools P Certainly not on sectarian grounds; for the Creed is of no party. fC My duty towards God and man." I hope, is not merely a shibboleth of the Church of England; and the" I desire," has been hitherto the universal instinct of the human race, and let us devoutly hope will continue to be an ineradicable yearning burn- ing in the human breast, school boards notwith- standing. Why then are the youths of England and Wales jealously guarded from learning the Catechism, while every book and publication, of whatever Infidel and immoral nature, maybe put into their youthful and susceptible hands without let or hinderance. I de not say that these things are taught them in school, but nothing is for- bidden by law except the Catechism and the Bible. A parent may object to the Catechism being taught in the hearing of his child, but he may imbibe to his heart's content the works of Torn Paine, "The Fruits of Philosophy," or "The Mysteries of London," &c. And this is the edu- cational legislation of Christian England in the last quarter of the 19th century Because the National Schools, with their catechetical teach- ing of religion have been the great bulwarks of the nation against the inroads of Socialism and Secularism, this is the reason that the Catechism must be done away witn in the daily instruction, and relegated to the care of illiterate, careless, and immoral parents, or to the voluntary efforts of a section of the community on one day in seven. If the teaching of the Cate- chism can be suppressed, the game of the Infidel is won, for the disestablishment of the Church must follow. There are thousands of people under the parental instinct of love for their offspring who would rather have their right arms cut off than bring up their children to the age of thirteen with- out a knowledge of the saving doctrines of Christianity who are quite willing to doom their children to a godless education under the blinding iuiuence of sectarian zeal and political fanaticism. It is already too well known with what demoralis ing rapidity the cheap infidel and vicious publica- tions of the day find their way to youthful hands, all precautions to the contrary notwithstanding. But when all the holy inSuences of Christian teaching are withdrawn, the young mind will be left a fair game, as it were, for all profligate and nefarious spirits to decoy with seducing tempta- tions. A child sent to buffet with the world of pleasures, secularly educated only, is a ship launched on the stormy billows of the ocean, in full sail, with colours flying, but without a ballast. Strong impressions made on the tender mind are well nigfo ineffaceable, be they good or bad. Now,our modern philosophers, in order to be con- sistent, bring this nod-religious beginning of life to assert, itself at the grave j so the Christian hope of immortality must be given up also. The Catechism is condemned, the Buiial Service is condemned no Gospel truth to the young, no hope to the old. Now they have only the middle portion of life to deal with, and if they could only effectively dry up the sources of religious teaching in the pulpits of the Church of England, their secular theory would be complete, and Christianity would be a theme of « by-gone age. The cry is, "We will stop the re- ligious education of the young with the hulla-balloo of Conscience," and denounce the Christian burial of the dead under the plea of U Intolerance," a.nd do awa;7 with the National Church under the cover of "Religions Equa&ty." Conscience, Intolerance. and Religious Equality are the abracadabra of modern S ocialism and Infidelity. Politicians of the conjuring .school are wont to exhibit their wonders before an ab"toni«hed nation, and the popular tricks cf the school aow-a-daye are secular education and spoliation of t.he Church of England, and the re- erection of B. in every church-yard. And we ask in astoni&'bment—"But you do not mean to it anish religion i iltogether ?" 16 Of course we do not; and more, do not you see that we are the religious people?" But pray, how are you going to act? Compulsory rates for all purely secular schools, and religion to be mai ut&ined on the voluntary prin- ciple. Then you first of all compel us to accept a II godJess education, and expect religion to flourish on the voluntary efforts of a nation of infidels! Then infidelity is the soil from which religion grows! Things that proceed from such a centre at what r circumference will they arrive P Can it be possible that the highly favoured Island of the West has come to this P—I am, &c., Observatory Cottage. JOHN JONES. PUBLIC LIBRARIES AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. TO THE EDITOR OF THE GUARDIAN. SIR,—The reports in recent issues of the Guardian relating to t-hese institutions suggest the thought that it would be very advantageous if they were more numerous in North Wales than they are at present. It is true that there are in some neigh- bouring towns small libraries, and perhaps a few private evening classes, but their usefulness is very limited, and they are inadequate to meet the wants of such places. Wrexham and Rhyl seem to be the most enterprising towns in this respect in this part of the Principality where there is a good library—at Wrexham another library is being formed—as well as evening classes for tuition in science, art, and literature. It is a matter for wonder that the majority of the tcwns in North Wales are not more fully alive to the necessity of keeping abreast with the times by establishing- libraries (or enlarging those already in existence), mechanic's institutes, science and art classes, under the scheme of the Government Science and Art Department also classes for com- mercial knowledge and domestic economy, under the system promoted by the Society of Arts. The inhabitants of towns in those districts who have not the facilities or such educational institutes, are being left behind in the wave of progress which is passing over the country, and they may be shortly awakened to a realization of this fact sooner or later in case they do not set to work promptly and energetically to follow the example of other centres of culture and intelligence. j In every town in Wales that has any pretension to sizf and importance, there should be "Sin adeciuate library, with a collection that, includes j recent standard books, a suitable reading room, or j rather mechanic s institute, with various classes attached, so that i he inhabitants may have the privilege and benefio of sharing in the general ad- vancement in science and art. Wherever these institutions have been established in the United Kingdom, there is ample evidence that thev are much appreciated and that they are doing great gooa in a moral and intellectual sense among all classes. Those towns which are destitute of such facilities for general education, are reararded as almost, benighted and altogether behind the times. In regard to libraries, which perhaps demand greater effcris to establish than, nnv of the other institutions lviiuiecl, thera are two methods that may he adcoted. Ore is bv raising- the necessary money by means <vf subscriptions <111.1 donations sod the other plan is to adopt the Free Libraries Act, which is being gentrallv done throughout the country on account of its con- vemeuce and advantages. The additional half- penny or penny added to the rates by the adop- tion of this Act- is insignificant compared to the privileges and benefits secured by it/ In a letter in this column last week, Mr. Bradley, in pointing out the puoiic benefits of these libraries, very ap- propriately spates:—"As a means cf promoting < cont-intf.us education, intellectual culture, and generax intelligence nmong all classes, such library have been fouvd-emi useful wherever they have been estah isfe-o. This is confirmed by the observation and testimony of rnauj who are well ouahfied to sp-eakon the subject. Ttn-re is, bowsver, no need for labourpl argument to sitiC;W the desirability 0: such institutions whieh have referred to, so that North Wales may share in th* ben-fits of the general scheme now in actrve progress for promoting culture cu literature, < science, and art.—If ours, 1 3&TH September., IF79, FFERM. | j THE COAL CART BELL KJISANCE. J TO THE OF THE GUIRDIAN. i Sis.—I hope the committee for the revision of OBS- Borough Byf:~3uws will not fonret the hideous beII-ring-in¿ o the coal cart attendants—a trying nuisance, introduced recently and quire unneces- earily into ou" streets,and which should be promotly fsappressed. I extract trsm the 8tanila:rI:. of Monday Lisrs which I commend to the Town Council as eontatEing a useful regulation on the subject.—Your obedient- servant, A PROFESSIONAL MAK. Alexander Perl:in?, tn the employ of the Tyne Main CafLiecy Company, was Mimmoned by the police for causina: two bells attached to the harn-ess of a horse to be ruing for the purpose of hawking or seiliasr coals, to the annoyj-nce of the inhabi- tants.—Constable Joha Kobinsnn said he saw the defendant in charge of a coal vac, and on a hoop over .the horse's h there were bells, which rang as the animal moved.—3>?r. De Rutzen pointed out the following words in the 14th sllb- j. section of the Police Act" Every person who shall blow any horn or use any other noisy instrument for the-pur- pose of calling persons together, or of announcing any show |- or entertairnent, or for the purpose cf hawking, selling, rlis- tributing, or collecting- sny article whatsoever, or of obtaining- j' money or alms, shall be liable to a penalty."—Mr. Thomas Stevens, an auctioneer, said the annoyance of these bells !? which were used by two companies who hawked coals in the [; streets, was very great. The nuisance was becoming in- I: tolerable, there being some 20 or 30 vans a day hawking coals in this manner.—A nominal line of 2s. 6d. and 2s. costs was I inflicted. i



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