Dst or fomii*. LOST, on the night of the Ball, a GOLD BRACELET, set with Topazes. Anyone restoring the same to Mr Bracfkhaw, D.C.C., will be handsomely rewarded. 728b LOST (supposed to have Strayed), a Black PONY, about 14 hands high, undipped. Who- ever will bring the same to Mr J. Pryce-Jones, the Grove, Wrexham, shall be rewarded for his trouble. 730h antth. WANTED, immediately, a ROOM in the centre of the town for an office.—Apply at the Guardian Office, Wrexham. 733c WANTED, a respectable middle-aged Woman to NURSE an Invalid, from 8 p.m. to 8 am,-Apply to Dr Burton, Wrexham. 732h CURATE WANTED for an important Parish. Diocese of St. Asaph. Duty chiefly English. Liberal stipend.—Address M.A., Wrexham Guardian Office, Wrexham. 720o IRMINGHAM GOODS, JEWELLERY,1 WATCHES, HARMONIUMS, &c. Agents Wanted, New Specialities. New Illustrated Book free. —Apply, Henry May, Birmingham. 578b WANTED, in the neighbourhood of Wrexham, a Detached HOUSE, without land. Three entertaining Rooms, and Six or Seven Bedrooms. Rent not to exceed XIOO per annum.—Apply to Mr Ranson, Church Aston, Newport, Shropshire. 630b WANTED, a steady, trustworthy Man, to loek after the Garden and Grounds, to clean the Schoolroom, Baots, and Knives, and to look after a Horse. Also, wanted a Boy, to run errands, and to assist the man with the boots and knives.—Apply to Mr J. Pryce-Jones, Grore Park School, Wrexham. 731h RUABON SCHOOL BOARD. WANTED early in February Certificated Teachers for the new schools at Acrefair. Salaries for the first year-Master of Boy's School, 5; Mistress of Girl's School, .i75; Mistress of Infant school, X75. Payments for teaching Pupil Teacher's in addition. The salaries to be recon- aidered at the end of the first year with a view of a participation in the annual grants. Applications stating age. experience, class of certificate, and enclosing copies of recent testi- monials to be sent to the undersigned or or before the 30th inst. By order, r J. DENBIGH JONES, Clerk to the Board. Rnabon, 5th December, 1876. 721f NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. We cannot undertake to return rejected communica- tions. We cannot take notice of anonymous communi- cations. Whatever is intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the writer not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. In consequence of the increasing demand upon our space we beg to say that for the future, in reporting Meetings and Entertainments, we shall give the preference to those which are considered by the promoters to be of sufficient public importance to be advertised in our columns. A Rhos Ratepayer."—Your letter is libellous, and we therefore cannot insert it.
SANITARY MATTERS AT DENBIGH. The Corporation of Denbigh is feeling the great tidal wave of sanitary improvements. Legislation on the subject is not usually popu- lar. There are always croakers, who, if they cannot calculate on a dividend upon all public monies invested, immediately conjure up the bogey" of extravagant expenditure. The good health of the public is not to be compared to the pleasant circumstance of paying a mode- rate rate to the ruling authority, even if a sub- stantial sum has to be given to the family doctor. The inhabitants of the county town of Denbighshire have cast themselves about, and learnt that their sanitary arrangements are, if not discreditable to the town, very defective, and likely to jeopardise the health of the bur- gesses. Those who have carefully studied the medical officer's periodical reports must be aware that there is more disease in the town than there should be. And, unhappily, the untimely deaths from preventible causes have mot the magical effect upon the 11 people's leaders" as has the necessity of contributing trifling rate to improve matters. It is most difficult to educate the public to take a lively interest in the question of sanitary legis- lation. Lord Beaconsfield, two or three years ago, enlarged upon its importance, and since then scientific gentlemen and sanitarians have devoted considerable time to its study. But it is yet in its infancy. The great bulk of the people do not realise the advantages of good drainage, pure water, and pure atmosphere. If they could be brought to believe that life depends upon these necessaries, the labours of local legislators would be an agreeable task, rather than, as now, an unpleasant duty. It is hard to believe that any educated man would question the policy of securing a perfect system of draiaage for towns. If there is one thing more necessary than another in populous spots it is that all filth should be quickly despatched from our homes to regions where human habitations will be unaffected. The dis- posal of the sewage is, of course, a difficult question, and one that perplexes even those gentlemen who make it the study of their lives. At present the conclusions of the learned are somewhat chaotic and contradictory. But it is fuUy conceded that in disposing of the filth of the town the municipal authority must not get rid of it at the expense of other districts, and recent legislation has been based upon premiss. But it is not easy to convince the Councillors of Denbigh that they cannot solve the G ordiaa knot in ridding themselves of the Sewage matter and leaving it to fate to finally dispose of it. A ludicrous proposition was lubmitted, a few weeksgago, for the Council to adopt the-town stream as a sewer, and the idea has only been discarded after taking legal opinionj thereon-LOf course sanitary law is entirely (opposedJ^to the discharge of sewage matter into streams, and very properly so too, The Pollution of Rivers Act pasted last Session is conclusive against it. It enacts that persona. eorporate or incorporate, causing the discharge of sewage matter into any stream—other than one used as a sewer communicating direct with the sea—are liable to an indictment. The Local Government Board are vested with powers to extend the time for the local authority to adopt the best practicable and available means to render the sewage matter harmless' But the Act in no way prescribes for the con- tinual flow of sewage matter into the feeders of streams and rivers. And the Public Health Act of 1875 also bears out this view oftheease. Section 17 says" Nothing in this Act shall authorise any local authority to make or use any sewer, drain, or outfall, for the purpose of conveying sewage or filthy water into any natural stream or watercourse, until such sewage or filthy water is freed from all excre- mentitious, or other foul or noxious matter, such as would affect or deteriorate the purity and quality of the water in such stream or watercourse." There need, therefore, be no uncertainty about the course of action Denbigh should dopt. It must drain the town, and it must initiate a system that will be of a permanent character. We have no doubt the poor men of Denbigh, who are about to be "robbed" of their manure, will be glad of the relief. The working classes can appreciate pure atmo- sphere and wholesome premises as much as those whose better knowledge of sanitary science enables them to provide such creature comforts. Mr Councillor Morris has not shewn that he comprehends the question he is pug- nacious, but certainly not argumentative, and we doubt very much whether the poor men of Denbigh, who are represented by him as being opposed to sanitary improvements, will mete out that gratitude which champions desire. A good drainage system is an absolute necessity, and, as Mr Gee said, the sooner the town faces the difficulty the better, whether it is a popular or unpopular cry. We are not dis- posed to think that the burgesses will object to measures that have for their object the good health of the community. We have not seen the proposed scheme, and therefore cannot judge of its advantages. The question of disposal of the sewage is not alluded to in the Council proceedings. Irrigation seems to us the most feasible process to be adopted. The elevated position of the town gives advan- tages which many other towns would be thank- ful to have in this matter. But that is a I point to be discussed when real action is taken. At present it is sufficient for us to feel satisfied that Denbigh is to be thoroughly and effectively sewered.
NOTES OF THE WEEK. In its eagerness to exert its authority the Ruthin School Board has adopted regulations for the supervision of what are called" private adven- ture schools." It claims not only to have jurisdiction over -the kind of rooms utilised for educational purposes, the keeping of registers, to have access to the rooms, but to determine the age when a child shall cease to attend these private schools. Evidently the board is not cognisant of the scope of its authority, and we shall not be surprised to learn that the chiefs of such seminaries resent the contemplated intrusions. The school board has no such powers, and there- fore cannot lawfully carry into execution the regulations just made. Prince Bismarck has responded to the meek appeal and earnest entreaty of the Times to step out of his retreat and declare his intentions. Th great German statesman has, however, taken his own time, and will do things after his own fashion, notwithstanding the" Thunderer." His foresight is indubitable, and consequenlly his opinions are valuable. It is very ominous when so high an authority on Continental politics tells us that there is every prospect of a war between Russia and Turkey. The terrors of such a conflict are pain- ful to contemplate, and when we have misgivings aa to the localisation' of it, our dread of the campaign is increased. As to the part Germany will take in the event of its interests being at stake, Prince Bismarck hints anti-Russian proclivities. If Austria is injured by the course of events, which is tantamount to saying "if Russia infringes on the Danube," the Germans will resist the Czar's aggressions. Prince Bismarck evidently thinks that there will be war, and as a rule we must con- template, that Russia will seek annexation of territory. What wonder then if England should doubt the pacific assurances of the Caar P Nonconformists utilise their chapels for a great number of purposes other than of religion, and do not scruple to inform Churchmen that there is no sanctity in their buildings. Concerts, plays of a a serio-comic character, and political gatherings, all have their turns to the monoply of the build- ings. There can, therefore, be no surprise for the lack of veneration in the house of prayer," which Churchmen avow. The latest application of such a building to secular purposes is reported from South Wales. A Welsh journal states that a few days ago Siioh Independent Chapel, Pentre, Rhondda Valley, was constituted a petty sessional court. His Worship, the stipendiary, occupied the pulpit, and the legal gentlemen the sacred "setvawr" while facing each other, and stand- ing at each end of the" set vawr," stood com- plainant and defendant in each case. The new arrangements were, says our contemporary, on the whole satisfactory, except in the accommodation provided for the reporters, who were relegated to a pew behind the pulpit stairs." The conver- sion of the room is certainly a novel one, and we hope ic is only a solitary instance of the kind. The rehearsal of Billingsgate language in the house of prayer" is not likely to enhance its sanctity, nor to raise the aspirations of the worshippers. Neither aion nor Bethel" should be the rendezvous for brawling an drunken disputants. A new epoch in the history of National Educa- tion will date from January 1st, 1877. Ou and after then it will be the duty of the Boards of Guardians and Town Councils to perform some of the functions now undertaken by school boards. Lord Sandon's Act, passed this year, provides farther provision for the education of children. And henceforth it will be-as the preamble of the Act prescribes—" the duty of the parent of every child to cause such child to receive efficient elementary instruction." This parental responsi- bility is now about to be laid down as a legal duty, and its observance or non-observance, will either elevate or mar the future prospects of the children. A few years hence, the Legislature j lella us, "no education" will mean "no employment. » And as the preparatory process commences nexKi j year this fact cannot be too widely known. Par- liament has enacted that for the dissemination of this knowledge it is the duty of the local authorit- ies to publish the provisions of the Act. In some parishes this has already been done, but there is great tardiness shown in others. This may, in a great measure, be due to the authorities not being cognisant of the provisions. In fact we have evidence of it in the remarks made at the Ruthin Board of Guardians this week. School board districts are, of course, unaffected by the Act. It is only where they do not exist that the provisions apply. In boroughs, not under the jurisdiction of a school boord, it will be the duty of the Town Council, and in parishes the duty of the Guardians of the Union, to appoint u School Attendance Committees" of not less than six or more than 12 of their respective members, to see to the education of the children in neglected districts. In the case of the selection of committee by unions it is provided that one-third at least must consist of ex-officio,Guardiank;, that is to say, of Justices of the Peace. This then is the first duty of the e x isting local authorities, and no time should be lost in undertaking it. Delay will impede the progress of national education, and will seriously affect the welfare of the rising generation. When the Attendance Committee is elected it will rest with the ratepayers to decide upon the kind of bye-laws to be enforced. It must not be forgotten that the Education Department will step in and appoint the committees, upon the failure of the local authorities doing so. To those engaged in mining operations, the voluminous mineral statistics published by the Mining Itecord Office are always interesting. We should have been in possession of those for 1875 some months ago, but there has been an unusual delay. From the return, we gather that the total value of the minerals and metals raised in that year was,267,487,688, which includes the following three heads: Metals, A18,476,746; coal, ^46,163,480; minerals not reduced, earthy, &c., JB2,847,456. In 1874 the total va!ue of the output was X67,834,319, shewing a falling off to the extent of j £ 346,624. And in that year, too, there was a falling off of A2,888,679, compared with 1873. But it is gratify- ing to learn from the details that the reduction in '1875 was in values, but not in amount of the minerals produced. For instance, although the pig-iron made in 1875 sold for nearly iil,000,000 less than that raised in 1874, it was in amount over 400,000,itons more-6)365,462 tons to 5,991,408 tons. There is ample evidence in the returns to prove the abundance at present of our supplies of coal. In 1873, the Coal Committee learnt that the produc- tion of coal in the year before had exceeded 123,000,000 tons. Next year it attained 127,000,000 tons,.but these were years, as every one knew, of abnormal activity and when in 1874 the production receded to 125,000,000 tons no astonishment was expressed.. But in 1875, a year not commonly sup- posed to have brought with it prosperity to busi- ness, the coalfields of the United Kingdom attained the largest output that has yet been reached, and produced 131,867,105 tons. The increase due to coal and coke sent abroad was only 669,274 tons, and this leases from 6,000,000 to 7,000,000 additional I tons of coal disposed of in our own country. The total value of the coal thus raised was 946,163,486. It exceeded the value of the smaller amount raised in 1874 by about £ 300,000. Gold to the value of 42,105, and silver to the value of Y,115,747, were among the metals obtained last year from the ores produced. After coal and iron, our largest mining industry is lead ore, which was worth 41,202,148, and next to this came salt to the value of £ 1,158,322. More than half the salt was produced in our neighbouring county, Cheshire, and more than half of all the salt in value, but less than half in quantity, was exported, chiefly to British India and the United States. The most ancient mining industry of these islands—tin—continues to fall off, arid the same remark applies to copper. The value of clays produced has diminished in a remarkable degree, while the amount produced has increased.
Hocal txttoe. A LECTURE is to be given on Monday evening, in Sion Chapel, by the Rev. James Williams, of Chester, on "The superstitious traditions and history of Brittany." The proceeds will be devoted to a charitable object. A CHRISTY MINSTREL Company is being formed in Wrexham, several well-known gentlemen taking the various parts. The first rehearsal was held a few days ago. THE QUARTER SESSIONS for the county of Den- bigh are announced to be held at the County Hall, Ruthin, on the 4th and 5th proximo. The business having reference to the assessment application or management of the county rate will be transacted on the first day, and the criminal business will be proceeded with on the Friday. THE FORTHCOMING SCHOOL BOARD ELECTION.— The election of members for the new board is expected to take place on the 8th proximo, when, as at present arranged, the polling places, if there is a contest, will be one in number in each of the wards; for the north ward at the Savings Bank; for the east ward at the National School, in the Beast Market; for the south ward, the Working Men's Hall, Mount-street; and for the west ward, o' the Council Chamber, at the Guildhall. The voting will be of course by ballot. WKEXHAK FIRE BRIGADic.-In response to an appeal made by the secretary of the above for pecuniary assistance to enable the brigade to main- tain its present state of efficiency, the following donations have been received, viz :— L s. d. Edmund Peel, Esq 3 0 0 Simon Yorke, Esq 10 0 Capt. Godfrey 10 0 P. Walker, Esq 1 I o Goo. Plant, Esq 10 0 Rev Canon Cunliffe. 0 10 0 T. L. FitzHujth. Ei-Q 2 0 < Further subscriptions are required to defray the cost of repairs and renovations to uniform, &c., which are constantly being incurred; and as the brigade is entirely voluntary, the members devoting time and incurring considerable risk, we hope their services are so appreciated that there will be a liberal response to their appeal. SCHOOL. BOARD MIS 'ETINQ.-ON Tuesday after- noon, an ordinary fortnightly meeting of the members of the Wrexham School Board was held in the Council Chamber, at the Guildhall, Mr Charles Hughes in the chair. There were also present Messrs T. H. Coleman and J. Pryce-Jones. Two persons were ordered to be Summond for not com- plying with the requirements of the Elementary Education Act. A number of cases of irregular attendance, none of which were of a flagrant character, were reported by Mr J. Lindop, the attendance inspector, and they were dealt with in the usual manner. Cheques were signed for the payment of a quarter's salary to the clerk and the attendance inspector. The clerk reported that he had received a precept from the Education De- partment ordering the election of a new school board in Wrexham, and it was stated that the day fixed would be Monday, January 8, 1877. WHA.T IS AN OBSTRUCTION?—A correspondent writes asking What is an obstruction ? adding as his reason for so doing that on Tuesday afternoon for a considerable length of time a sale by auction of jewellery was being conducted on the foot- path, opposite the entrance to the Art Treasures Exhibition, in Hope-street; that a large crowd of persons was asssembled there, causing pedestrians along that, the principal street of the town, to turn into the road, which was well covered with mud and slush, greatly to their annoyance and discom- fort. He adds that the inspector of nuisances and a sergeant of police were watching the proceedings -for some time without ordering the removal of the obstructors," and that the police-officers at the exhibition were viewing the same from their sentry box, apparently enjoying the "fun." If this is not an "obstruction" in every sense of the word, our correspondent hopes that the chief magistrate will define the term at the next council meeting. In concluding, he remarks that he has seen the in- spector of nuisances order a peor woman, whose only means of gaining a livelihood was by selling coal which she retailed from a cart, to move her cart away from the door of a house at which she was selling her coal, adding that unless she went away at once he should summon her before the magistrates for an '• obstruction." That happened to be in a part of the town where the traffic is very limited, and on the occasion alluded to the woman, her donkey and cart, the inspector of nuisances, and the correspondent" were the only occupants of the street. He thinks that under the circum- 1 statoet, eompMiaoM are odious." j MR OSBORNR MORGAN intends to address his constituents in Wrexham, on Thursday, the 28th inst. PEDESTRIAN ISM.—A walking match will take place on Monday next, between Henry Vaughan and Thomas Roberts, both of Wrexham. The distance is to be ten miles, from the Skating Rink in Chester-road to Rossett and back again. The match is for .£5 a-side, and the men will leave the mark at two o'clock punctually. TH* PBITNT READINGS.—On Wednesday evening another of these popular entertainments was held in the Town Hall, when the chair was occupied by Dr Burton. The attendance as usual was very good, and the programme was lengthy and of a miscellaneous character. Seyeral juvenile per- formers enchanted the audience by their pleasing mode of singing, and were well applauded. Mr Robert Anderson, in his comic songs, sustained hia well earned reputation, and the other artists acquited themselves admirably. THE POST Postmaster General has issued a notice calling attention to the advantages offered by the Post Office as a savings bank, and for life insurance and annuities. Printed papers containing the principal rules either of the Post- office Savings Bank or of the Insurance and Annuity Offices can be obtained at any Post-office, and if further information on any point is desired, it can be obtained by application (the postage of which need not be paid), to the Secretary, General Post-office, London. LOCAL COMMISSIONS.—Militia Royal Carnarvon: Captain W. W Cragg to be major. Yeomanry Cavalry :—Cheshire Captain W. C, Brocklehurst resigns his commission, also is permitted to retain his rank, and continue to wear the uniform of the regiment on his retirement Captain G. B. Worthingten, Lieutenant F. H. Cotton, and Sub.- Lieutenant J. Pender, resign their commissions. Volunteers:—3rd Flintshire the appointment of E. H. Barton, gentleman, to be sub-lieutenant, which was notified in the London Oaiette of May 31st, 1875, is cancelled. A COUNTY CRICKET CLUB.—On Thursday after- noon a meeting was held, at the Wynnstay Arms Hotel, Wrexham, for the purpose of taking the necessary steps for resuscitating the Denbighshire County Cricket Club. The Hon. Geo. T. Kenyon occupied the chair, and was supported by the Rev. G. H. Streatfeild, Messrs H. R. V. Kyrke, T. W. Rowland, U. H. Broughton, and Crawford, the sec- retary of the Wrexham Town Club. It was resolved that Mr T. W. Rowland be appointed hon. secretary, and that a number of circulars be issued to the residents of the county directing attention to the attempt to reorganise this club, and soliciting sub- scriptions, the sum to be fixed for members at AIls per annum. A committee was appointed to assist in carrying out the desired object. Members of the club must of necessity be either natives of the county or have been brought up in it. ESCLUSHAM CHURCH.—On Friday evening, the 22nd inst., Mr W. St. Chad Boscawen, of the British Museum, is announced to deliver a lecture in the Town Hall. the subject being entitled Under the Dust of Ages," and that naturally suggests that the lecturer intends giving his hearers some in- teresting and entertaining particulars of ancient days, and, it may be, Eastern antiquities. The lec- turer is not unknown in the town, through his recent sketch of the late eminent Assyrian scholar, Mr Smith, which ran through" most provincial journals, in addition to several metropolitan prints. For this and other reasons we anticipate a large and appreciative audience will avail themselves of the opportunity of judging of the talents of Mr Boscawen, which are of a no mean order. The pro- ceeds of the lecture are to be devoted towards the fund for the erection of Esclusham Church. On the 26th and two following days several Christmas trees are announced to be exhibited in the Town Hall for the .same laudable purpose, and on the 2nd of January a grand amateur concert, with the same object in view, will be held in the Town Hall. Further particulars may be gleaned from a glance at the advertisement. FATAL RAILWAY ACCIDENT.—On Monday last, a fatal accident occurred on the Wrexham, Mold, and Connah's Quay Railway, at Castle Brick siding, near Northop. It appeared, from what we have been able to learn, that on the night in question a. man named George Astel (37), of Rhosddu, Wrex. ham, one of the oldest and best respected of the company's servants, was riding up on a wagon which was attached to a mineral train, and when the train reached the siding named the gates a.t the level crossing were closed, and the wagons dashed into them with considerable force, throwing several trucks off the line, and it is supposed that as one of them was falling over the deceased was knocked down, for he was found under it, with his head completely smashed to pieces and his body much cut and bruised. Of course death was in- stantaneous. Several persons soon arrived at the scene of the fatality and conveyed the body to the Lion Inn, New Brighton, Pxntre Moch, where it was speedily placed in a coffin. The gatesman, whose duty it was to have been at the scene of the accident, to have opened the gates, and to have prevented so lamentable an occurrence, it is said, inquired at the station about six o'clock whether there would be any train along that night, and a reply in the negative was given, but he was afterwards informed that there would be one in about a quarter of an hour. An inquest was opened on the body on Wednesday morning, at the Black Lion Inn, Buckley, before Mr Parry, coroner for Flintshire, and after some formal evidence had been taken, the jury viewed the body, and the in- quiry was adjourned. The coffin containing tbe re- mains of the deceased was brcught to Wrexham by the last train. The deceased leaves a widow and four children, the youngest of which is only three months' old, totally unprovided for. DENBIGHSHIRE AND FLINTSHIRE CERTIFICATED TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.—The quarterly meeting of this association was held in the Girl's British School, on Saturday last, under the presidency of Mr J. Clarke, Board Schools, Llangollen. The teachers present included Messrs J. Clarke, Board School, Llangollen, president; G. J. Jones, Board School. Penygelli, secretary i W. Baker, National School, Rhos, vice-president; E. B. Astley, Board: School, Pentre, Broughton A. Fyfe, British School, Wrexham; G. Whitehouse, National School, Brymbo; E. Williams, Board School, Brynteg, Broughton; J. Archer, Board School, Cefn; Mrs Archer, &c., 4c.—Mr Clarke, the president, said the business was the consideration of the draft rules of the National Provident Society for Teachers, and the Orphanage, suggested by the Executive and National Union.—Mr Barker, vice-president, dwelt ] upon the importance of a court of arbitration for ] teachers.—Mr Fyfe, in the course of his remarks ] upon the grievances of the profession stated that for himself individually he had no grievances, that he had been allowed the utmost latitude in organis- < ing and disciplining his school, a course which had contributed greatly to the success of the schools, and which all school-managers would profit, ma- terially by its adoption. It was the duty of all teachers to train up the children to a love of truth i and honesty, and inculcate habits of order, punc- tuality, and obedience, and that school-managers < should give teachers credit for being truthful and 1 honest, without subjecting them to much espionage, i and should also give their moral support to teachers < both in and out of school.—Mr Astley introduced 1 the National Provident Society, a draft of rules < which had been submitted by the Executive for I consideration, intimating that they compared most favourably with the benefits offered by their ] mutual societies, and recommended themselves to all prudent and thoughtful teachers.—Mr Clarke 1 alluded to the advantages to be derived from the 1 National Provident Society.—Mr Fyfe stated that the society was founded upon the mutual basis and affiliated with the National Union, the adoption of which would bring teachers more harmonious- He moved the following resolution which was seconded by Mr Astley, and carried unanimouslyThat this meeting highly approves of the establishment of a Teachers' Provident Society as calculated to unite teachers of all classes more firmly together, as well as afford them timely aid and assistance when age, sickness, or other bodily infirmity over- take them in the prosecution of their arduous and responsible duty."—Mr Jones, the secretary, intro- duced the Orphanage," a proposal of the Executive -j for the establishment, of an orphanage, reminding J the meeting that there were at present 2.000 orphans of teachers, most of whom were unprovided for, and that in its establishing teachers were only following the example of their professions in the a matter.—An animated discussion ensued, the T majority being of opinion that it was altogether i premature, and that only one half of the teachers i were at present connected with the union, so it I could hardly be carried .out.—Mr Astley subse- i quently moved "that in the opinion of this meeting t the Orphanage is not at present desirable."—The t secretary called the attention of the meeting to the c forthcoming annual conference in London, at c Christmas, a special conference called to consider s the Provident Society and Orphanage.—The a meeting expressed a doubt as to the probability of j this association being represented at the conference. —The secretary also gave notice of a meeting of s managers and teachers to be held in Wrexham, to 1 consider the" Uniformity of school fees," i t; Capucious removals," Admission and withdrawal t of scholars," &c., &c., urging upon all the im- ? portance of being present and endeavouring to 1 issist.—A vote of thanks to the chairman and to c the managers for the use of the room terminated i the proceedings.—The next meeting will be the t uinual one, and will be held in February next. E WREXHAM SOCIETY OF NATURAL SCIENCE.—AT the Third General Evening Meeting, to be held on Tuesday next, Mr D. C. Davies, F.G.S., of Oswestry, will read a paper entitled. An outline sketch of the Geology of North Wales and the Borders." 1ST D.R.V.—This corps marched out on Tuesday evening last, the officers present being Sub-Lieu- tenants J. S. Crawford and T. B. Williams. The members were supplied with refreshments at the Gate Inn, Rhosnessney, at the expense of the officers. APPOINTMENT.—H. R. Hughes, Esq., of Kinrnel, Lord Lieutenant of Flintshire, ha3 appointed Mr Evan Morris, solicitor, Wrexham, Clerk of Sub- division Meetings of Lieutenancy, for the Hundred of Maelor. A WELSH SERVICE is now held every Sunday evening, at 6-30 p.m., at the Town Hall, in addition to the afternoon service .at the Parish Church, at 3 p.m. The services were commenced on Sunday, When a powerful sermon was deliveredby the Rev G. Jones, curate. The harmonium was presided at by Mr Joseph Matthews. NEW MUSIC.—Encouraged by the success which has been meted out to the Princess Waltz," Mrs J. T. Pilkington, of Chevet Hey, Wrexham, has given the musical world another dance piece in the shape of a galop. The title Irresistible" is exceedingly appropriate, and judging of the en- coniums passed upon it at the Exhibition Fancy Ball, on Wednesday, we anticipate for it a great run. Mrs Pilkington had the honour of having two of her compositions down on the programme of the ball, and we believe that they are exceedingly papular in the Metropolis. The galop is dedicated to Mr Fred Godfrey. WREXHAM BOARD or GUARDIANS. — At the ordinary meeting of the board on Thursday, there were present Capt. (Jriffith-Boscawen, chairman Mr A. W. Edwards, vice-chairman; Lieutenant Colonel White, and Messrs B. Davies, Q. Roberts, J. LI. Thomas, W. Low, E. Rowland, E. B. Samuel, W. Thomas, W. Lester, J. Rogers, J. M. Jones, C. Belmont, J. Daniel, M. Hughes. J. Beale, and Mr J. Oswell Bury, clerk. Mr B. Davies brought under notice the case of an old woman at the Rhos, 73 yearp of age, in receipt of 2s 6d per week out-relief, and she had applied for it to be continued with an advance. From enquiries he had ascertained that one of her sons had been summoned before the county bench, and an order made upon him to con- tribute 3s a week towards her support. He ex- pressed surprise at this, as the clerk was instructed to write to the three brothers, and that only one should be summoned, while the other two in probably equally good cercumstances were let off scot free, seemed rather hard. The Clerk replied that the board had instructed him to write to the three sons of this old woman, which he had accord- ingly done; but two of the letters came back from the Dead Letter Office. The Relieving-officer re- ported to him that the brother who was summoned was a man of property, owning seven or eight houses at the Rhos. Considering that he ought to contri- bute under those circumstances, he brought the case before the magistrates, where the defendant, by his own showing, wa.s ascertained to be in receipt of £40 a year rental, but he had a mortgage of ..i400 upon the property. Mr Gomer Roberts thought the case should be re-considered j but the Chairman said the magistrates had made their order, and the Board of Guardians was not a court of appeal against the decisions of the magistrates. Mr Gomer Roberts said it appeared as if the re- lieving officer had given wrong information. Three of the cottages were made into a shop, yielding £13 a year rent; three cottages were let at Is 6d a week, making 14s, together 14; he had a mortgage of J400, on which he had to pay £20 a year and one house he lived in himself, leaving a balance of Al14s. Mr Daniel remarked that it ap- peared the only remedy the defendant had was to re-appear before the bench with evidence to show that he was not in the position he was supposed to be, and endeavour to get the justices to reconsider the matter. After some further remarks, the matter dropped.—The Chairman afterwards in- timated to Mr B. Davies that he was unable to put his motion for the dismissal of the chaplain, and read Article 187 to convince him that it was clearly illegal, and Mr Davies then withdrew his motion.— The case of Louis Leadbeater was next before the board, a medical certificate from Dr. Davies stating that he was subject to epileptic fits, and not fit to be at large. Since this unfortunate youth had been admitted he had become so violent that he was confined in the padded room. Mr J. M. Jones believed his insanity was brought on by drunken- ness but this was denied, the father having stated before the magistrates that it was due to nothing but chewing tobacco. The Chairman did not think it was properly a case for the workhouse, the father being in a good position as a watchmaker and silversmith and it was understood that if it should be necessary to send the patient to the Denbigh asylum, Mr Leadbeater should be called upon to contribute to the maintenance of his son whilst an inmate of that institution.—On the nomination of Dr Davies, Mr R. Low, his partner, was appointed to act in his absence as medical officer for the workhouse and Wrexham district.—Mr Daniel withdrew his motion for a reduction of the chap- lain's salary to J130 per annum; but thought one service on the Sunday for the 290 paupers to whom he ministered was not sufficient.—The Chairman said the duties of the chaplain were prescribed in the Consolidated Orders, his duties being to read prayers and preach a sermon to the paupers and other inmates every Sunday, and also on Good Friday and Christmas Day, unless the guard* ians should otherwise direct; to examine the children, and catechise such as belong to the Church of England at least once a month, and to make a record of the same and of the general con- dition and progress of the children and to visit sick paupers, and to administer religious consola- tion in the workhouse at such periods as the guardians may appoint, and when required by the master and matron for that purpose. Mr Daniel said that when they considered that the salvation of 290 paupers depended in a great measure upon the services rendered by the chaplain he thought they were entitled to additional services. He did not see there would be any difficulty in establishing a Sunday School in the workhouse for the adult inmates, and promised to bring the matter forward again at a future meeting. Mr Lester: The salvation of the paupers dependant on the chaplain Surely you don't mean that ? Mr Daniel: I have not come here to discuss questions of theology with my friend, Mr Lester. Mr Daniel then moved that a Sunday School be established in the workhouse, and that the paupers be collected together once every Sunday for that purpose.—The Chairman said they could not com- pel the chaplain to do that.—Mr B. Davies found that the chaplain had visited the house no fewer than four times in one week, and that with what he did on Sunday was quite as much as could be expected of him for J640 a-year.—The Chairman suggested that the matter be deferred until the Master was well enough to attend the board, and this was agreed to.—Mr Edwards corrected a mis- representation of some remarks of his at the last meeting of the board. He had made no reflection on the Ruabon guardians, who were some of the best working members of the board. What he said in effect was, that protracted debates at that board caused many of their most useful members to leave before the business was over, leaving the relief cases to be disposed of by those who remained behind.—The weekly statement showed that 282 were in the house as against 247 for the corres- ponding week last year and 277 last week vagrants relieved, 47; imbeciles, 36 workhouse schools— boys 27, girls 40; receiving industrial training, boys 10, girls 14. ——————^»
THE WREXHAM ART TREASURES EXHIBITION. I .1 I GRAND FANCY AND DHESS BALL. The last scene before the final fall of the curtain at the Wrexham Art Treasures Exhibition, was witnessed on Wednesday evening, and in all respects it was the most brilliant of any of its predecessors, not excepting the opening day itself. A fancy dress ball in an art gallery whose walls are adorned with a prsfusion of splendid paintings is one of those rare combinations which, in the nature of things, can be seldom witnessed; but whenever it occurs one can easily imagine how the gay and diversified costumes of the dansers in the midst of such surroundings, and in a brilliantly-lighted apartment, tend to make up a scene worthy of the pencil of the most gifted artist. Just such a scene was realised on Wednesday evening, when in re- sponse to the invitation of the committee a very large company from town and neighbourhood, and in some instances from places considerably wide of this locality, arrived at the Exhibition to be present at the ball given in honour of Major Cornwallis West. Some few weeks ago, and just prior to the closing of an Exhibition which will long live in the memory of the public at large, a desire was evinced by a number of gentlemen in Wrexham to make some public recognition of the services of Major West as the chief promoter, and chairman of the executive committee, of the Exhibition. That gentleman was in due course consulted as to the form of testimonial which would be most agreeable to himself and his lady, and his views and feeling* in the matter having been ascertained, it was de- cided to present himVith an address, and also to arrange for the giving of a fancy dress ball. An excellent local committee was constituted, with the Mayor for its chairman, and a most efficient hon. secretary in the person of Mr J, F. Edisbury, and their exertions in the promotion of this, twofold object have been crowned with the most complete success. The members of the committee were the Mayor (Alderman J. Beirne, who we may mention was prevented from attending the ball in conse- quence of a domestic bereavement), Dr Eyton- Jones (ex-Mayor), Dr Williams, Mr T. Rowland, Mr E. Evans (Bronwylfa), Mr D. Johnson, Captain Williamson, Mr FitzHugh, Mr Whalley, M.P., MJ: Low, Mr Pryce-Jones, Mr Geo. Bradley, Mr W. Garratt-Jones, Mr C. Hughes, and Mr Walter Jones. As our readers will remember, the first of these demonstrations came off on Monday week, when the address was presented, the proceedings in connection with which were reported in our last impression. There was no difficulty in obtaining Sir Watkia Williams Wynn, Bart., as president, and the Duke and Duchess of Westminster as patrons of the demonstration; and the following gentlemen kindlj consented to act as stewards:—Sir R. Brooke, Bart., Norton Priory; Hon. G. T. Kenyon, Greding- ton; Messrs G. Osborne Morgan, Q.C., M.P.; T. LI. Fiti-Hugh, Plas Power; Edmund Peel, Brynvl pys; S. P. Hope, Marchwiel Hall; A. P. Lonsdale, Acton Park, T. Barnes, the Quinta; Reginald Cholmondeley, Condover Hall; G. H. Whalley M.P., Plasmadoc; J. F. Jesse, Llanbedr; Major Conwy Rowley Conwy, Bodrhyddyn; Messrs T. P. Jones-Parry, J. R Barnes, Brookside; Lieut.-CoL Jones, V.C., Abenbury; Lieut.-Colonel Tottenham, Plas Berwyn; Lieut.-ColoRel White, Gladwyn Lieut.-Colonel Cooke, Colomendy; Messrs W. Low Roseneath; George Rae, Birkenhead; E. Evansl Bronwylfa; T. Sandbach, P. H. Chambres, LIVB- meirchion; R. F. Birch, C. Dunville Lee, Oliver Burton, Gwaenynog; P. H. Rathbone, Liverpool; amwaring, Llaethwyd; A. Meshain, Pont- v ? T> ^revor Parkins, Glasfron; John Roberts, Bryngwenallt; P. Godsal, Iscoed Park T. Longueville, Llanforddu; and Dr Harrison, Chester f m?reparatlons were made for the cominir event. The cases which had stood in the middle of the covered entrance or corridor were cleared away; shrubs were tastefully disposed on either side; and to heighten the general effect and remove any appearance of nakedness the arched entrances to the hall and art gallery were hung with crimson curtains bordered with yellow fringe. Crimsos cloth was also laid down along the approaches to the ball-room, the floor of which was covered with canvass properly stretched, supplied by Messrs John Edgington and Co., West Smithfiaid, Lon- right-hand corner was a da 13 with chairs for the principal guests. The orchestra was occupied by the splendid band of the 106th Regiment whose performances at the Exhibition have alwava given unqualified satisfaction, and who on the present occasion confirmed the favourable opinion already formed of their first-class abilities aa aa orchestral band. The guests, to the number of 100 or more, began to arrive shortly after nine o clock, and continued to drop in in parties up to eleven o clock. As it was not a strictly fancy ball, a number of gentlemen preferred to appear in evening dress; while those who belonged to the army, the militia, and the volunteers wore the uniform of their respective corps, and one gentle- man appeared in the full dress uniform of am officer in the Royal Navy. The majority, however preferred fancy costume; and those who were- receiving tickets inside the entrance were general^ apprised of the arrival of some gentleman or la< £ with an extraordinary get up by an explosion of laughter from a large crowd outside, who also cheered the more distinguished arrivals, such as ^Qe 1and Duchess of Westminster, the Hon Geo. T. Kenyon and Mrs Kenyon, Lady WiHiam« Wynn, and Major and Mrs Cornwallis West and and par y. We cannot, of course, pretend i^i introductory notice to enumerate the costumes of all those who had the good fortune to be thus tinguished; but we may mention that one gentleman who commanded a large share of attention St Chinaman, wore two very good imitations of cups and saucers upon his shoulders, willow patteS plates in front and behind, and an enormous pigtSJ rhe Asiatic element was rather stroDal/r?™ fainted upon this occasion: Hindoos and Parsees Turks and Arabians, &c., in their turbans and flow' ing robes, when clustered together, gave BometSing of an Eastern bazaar appearance to one part of the room ,wh!le another had a more European aspect! The ladies toilets were, of course, as varied as the characters they assumed; but some of them were very elegant and costly. The «ladv 0f the period wa. in the main distinguished by powdered hair' a la Pompadour looped skirts, and other peculiarities of the reign of Louis Quatorze and some credit is due to Mr F W \r,wr f .whose skilM maniputa&n-lT^tew?™ dresses of'othn °ithese headdresses. The head- dresses of other ladies carried the mind back to a RTh°aSPeri°>,d m ?ritui8h hist0r7> saJ tie time of Richard, when high-peaked caps were sup- hprfW* nf Tmive attractiveness. She £ sented • and q n tyPe were als<> repre- ^ed' ,a,nd Spanish gipsies, or something them» lent their swarthy to ohe general effect. Bluff King Hal was a good make-up; and there were cavalier« and courtiers of the^time of Charles and LoSJ equally successful. The Crusades were forcibly brought to mind m the person of a rather imposW Knight Templar clad in helmet, and glisteninf sSca^trmMa[terr lon* white ™be witf scarlet Maltese cross was gracefully worn. A knted° Hi I]??11 °latTe Was much 1 amS S several representatives ? throng; jesters with cap and bells re- called the period in the far distant past when every nobleman kept a "fool" to make sport for himself and his family; Mary Antoinette of tragic memory was not forgotten; and there was a very good Duchess of Devonshire after Gainsborough: the picturesque costumes of Italian and Swiss and Welsk peasantry added to the gaiety of the scene a vivandiere wasamongst the company and an imp<L'in £ Don and a Mary Queen of Scots. Of SfliSrf uniforms there were a g-reat number. The prevail- th! hW if! regulars contrasted well with TillSL mS °f,the ^opshire Yeomanr £ Ind the Hon6C W%n J the Duke of Westminster i T- Kenyon; while Major West, « county, wore a scarlet n orm. Some gentlemen showed a preference for court dress; while others affected the jolly tar and one looked decidedly "horsey" in the closed fitting gear of an English jockey. Nor must we forget Dr Panslo.s (Mr liarid Johnson) make-up was capital, and who acted his part te perfection, going about among the company and offering his snuff-box with characteristic Dolitene— that created much amusement. The continuous shifting of the commingling colours when the dancing began, m which 8Cfrlet whit „Tn8 ^^dominated, and the stranS ationalities and periods made up- grotesque but withal brilliant and pictured! SThoIe »ho"witoeS^ tr° h 46 ™et°°3 skates: thp parlv r iif evemPr>- ^rs West appeared im q y part of the evening as Catherina Cornave, Sp °* ^Pras, and afterwards as a Zingara; Miss « -ratrick, as thePrincessa de Lambell, and sufcse- quently as a Spanish gipsy. The ball was opened by Major West leading out the Duchess of Westminster for the first dince the Duke having Mrs West for his partner. From that time dancing was kept up with unflao-ein*. spirit until the approach of five in the morning Dr Eyton-Jones made a most efficient master of the ceremonies, and the whole arrangements were oarried out in the most satisfactory manner. Mrs Cornwallis West's quadrille party consisted of the following:— Mrs Nay lor Leyland. nant Naylor Ley]»ni. M& de Kicei C- S- Mainwarin?. Miss FiUPatriek J3* Peacocke. Bifle Brigade. iL E.gM.f'S The following is the programme of the daBoe music 1 Quadrille Wrexham Exhibition a vi* Amoretten Tame f y e-' botdaten Lieder I Lancers Medle University Ials?-.V, Manoh. 7 Quadrille Amusement Ocean J Valse Eydropaten 1? £ 22™ ?}■ -David'sDay livS: Vi Galop V. ri? n-tnwss- 14 Valse i 15 Vaige ^uhlmgs Grusse GaioP; ma>7,S'iro/'j!k 18 Mazurka. Junglierren ll 'se Dancing was continued with unabated vigor until three o clock, when those who came from the Vale of Clwyd had to leave with the special train. Tke greater portion of the company, however, remained until five.