RHYL PETTY SESSIONS. ANNUAL LICENSING MEETING. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 12TH.—Before T. G. Dixon, Esq. (in the chair), and W. P. Jones, Esq. THE RHYL PUBLICANS AND THE SUNDAY CLOSING ACT. Mr Wm. Davies said that before the magistrates proceeded to renew the licenses he had an application to make on behalf of several of the licensed victuallers of the town, with respect to the much abused Sunday closing Act. The Chairman—I hope you do not want us to interpret it. Mr Davies-No. Sufficient to the day is the evil thereof." They should interpret it when a case came before them. What he asked them to do was to adjourn the licensing meeting for three weeks or a month, they had power to do so until any day in the month of September in that district. He had two reasons for making this application. The first was that the publicans thought they were harshly dealt with, inasmuch as they had paid the inland revenue duty for twelve months, and now, if they would be compelled to close next Sunday, they would loose nearly a month. Another reason was that the season had been a very short and an unusually poor one. Two or three days more would be invaluable tothepublicans. By granting this application the Bench would confer a great boon upon these tradesmen. Mr E. Roberts said that he should oppose the application. He was going to apply for an outdoor license, in the interest of his client he was compelled to oppose Mr Davies' application. Mr Davies-My friend has no locus standi in the matter. The license he applies for will not come into force until October, therefore the adjournment of this meeting will not effect Mr Roberts' client at all. Mr Roberts again essayed to speak, but Mr Davies objected and asked the Bench if they thought Mr Roberts' application had anything to do with the matter and said that in Cardiff, counsel opinion was taken, and the stipendiary acting on that advice adjourned the licensing sessions for three weeks. Mr George (the clerk)—What they did in Cardiff had nothing to do with Rhyl. That day was the annual licensing sessions and all licenses ought to be renewed that day. If an applicant was absent through ill-health or forgetfulness then the Bench would be bound to adjourn the renewal of his license, but it would be very wrong to adjourn the renewals simply to allow people to play fast and loose with the new act of Parliament. If there was any special reason for adjourning of course the Bench would be bound to do so. He did not think there was any grounds to adjourn on that occasion-merely to quibble with the act. The Chairman--I and my brother magistrate are of opinion that it would not be right to put off this meeting, and we are strengthened in the opinion by the remarks of Mr George, therefore the licenses will be renewed to-day. The licenses were then renewed—50 in all, the chairman remarking that out of such a number of licensed houses not one was on the black book (hear, hear, and applause). NEW LICENSES. Mr E. Roberts, on behalf of E. C. W. Jones, 18, Aquarium street, applied for an outdoor beer license, and Mr Wm. Davies made a similar application on behalf of Hugh Jones, 25, Aquarium-street. Mr Roberts' application was considered first. The Clerk informed the Bench that they had no discretion in this matter, inasmuch as Mr Jones held an excise wholesale license, therefore the magistrates were bound to grant a retail one. The Chairman said that of course the application Would be granted, because, he was sorry to say, the magistrates bad no discretion. There had been fifty licenses renewed that day-surely that would be suffi- cient for a town like Rhyl. Mr Roberts thanked the Bench and said that in the next case they would have discretionary power. Mr Davies said he was very much obliged to Mr Roberts for his voluntary information, but he was on that, like many other occasions, wrong, and added that the Bench would have no discretion in his case "—the application was exactly on the same ground as Mr Roberts'. Mr George was of opinion that it was not on the same ground. Mr Davies remarked that from his instructions he understood that his application was under 32 and 33 Victoria, but after what Mr George had said he found it was under 26 and 27 Victoria. If the Bench had any hesitation about granting the license he would have the matter adjourned, and have fresh notices served. The Chairman supposed that in that case they would be compelled to grant the license. Adjourning the case would only cause expense to the applicant, therefore the license would be granted—though as he said before he was fully convinced there were quite sufficient licensed houses in the town. There are now 52 licensed places to sell intoxicants in the town—35 to sell wines, spirits and beer on the premises 12 to sell beer only; 2 to sell wines, spirits and beer off the premises and 3 to sell beer only off the premises. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY. Temporary authority was granted to Mrs Anne Moore to sell wines, spirits, and beer. at the Dinorben Arms Hotel.—A similar authority was granted to Mr W. G. Jones, for the Mona Hotel. This was all the licensing business. DRUNKENNESS. Bartholomew Keaty was charged by A.S. Denson, With being drunk and disorderly opposite the Brit- annia Inn, High street, on the 5th inst.—Fined 15s. and 7s. 6d. costs. ALLEGED CHARGE OF OBTAINING GOODS BY FALSE PRETENCES. Margaret Jane Davies, who said she came from Car- narvon, was charged by Mary Davies, grocer, 47, Wellington road, with having obtained, by certain false pretences, a quantity of goods, and a week's lodging, between the 31st ult. and the 9th inst.—Prosecutor deposed that on the first mentioned date the accused Went to her house and after some conversation said that Miss Ruth Evans, the lady that built the schools for poor children "in Crescent road, was her aunt and that Messrs Joseph and Richard Evans were her uncles and that Mr Squires was also related to her, on the strength of that statement it was arranged that she should have a bedroom for 2s. 6d. per night and a sitting room for tl per week. She afterwards got several things, such as tea, coffee, sugar, candles, &c., from the shop, to the value of, including the price of the apartments, £ 1 17s. 6d. Prisoner after- wards stated that Miss Evans had been very kind to her when she was suffering from brain fever—gave her fruits, &c., and she had also given her a gold brooch, a pair of gold earrings, and a pair of bracelets, all of which were In her box at the station. On the 8th inst., she wanted to send two telegrams away and asked for 2s. to pay for them, but when asked to give her watch as security for the money and the other things she had had, prisoner refused. She was then told that she would be given into custody, aDd Inspector McLaren was sent for, and a warrant taken out for her apprehension-Prisoner had nothing to Say in defence, but was sure that if Miss Evans wa s communicated with, she would gladly pay the moneys Miss Evans, being communicated with, went to the Police station the same afternoon, and the accused was again taken before the same magistrates as in the horning- Miss Evans said that prisoner was not accountable for her actions and if the magistrates Would discharge her, she (Miss Evans) would pay all expenses.
THE RIGHTlktAN~AT~LAST If there were health in a multitude of medical systems, as there is said to be wisdom in a multitude of counsellors, sickness would be unknown in this age of so-called pathological discoveries. The homceo- Pathists tell us that the salvation of our lives in sick- ^pss depends upon infinitesimal doses and infinite dilution the hydropathists profess to raise health upon us from shower baths, or soak disease out of us with blankets while a still new set of exclusives Purpose burying us up to the armpits in the earth- Putting both feet in the grave as it were, by way of having our lives! Then, we have Sangrados, who are all for bleeding, blistering, and low diet, and ^ineralists, whe believe in nothing but mercury and oxides. It happens unfortunately, however, for aU these theorists, that they can show no practical Proofs of the assumed iufallibility of their methods of cure. Not so Professor Holloway, whose medicines the last forty years have annually benefited tens thousands. This is no assumption, but a fact drifted by the unimpeached evidence of a "choice of Witnesses." The archives of his office in London contain manuscipt certificates, autnenticoted in the congest maimer, and placing beyond the possibility in the infallibility of his Pills and Ointment th IIla^adies to which man is subject. Great Britain, Continent of Europe, India, China, Australia, the an 1St *n<iies> British America, every civilized land, corii evei7 C0UI1try to which the pioneers of civilisation, Wit>faerc^a'^ and i eligious, have found their way, ring i lth the fame of these all-conquering remedies. Such he demand for them in all parts of the world that the^ 3ustly called a great commercial staple, and Of (i?UDQker of agencis for their sale amounts to tens voougfl.mjg I— Orleans Fiaayune.
THE SUNDAY CLOSING ACT. Last Sunday there were five houses opened at St. Asaph, one at Rhuddlan, and we understand that all the houses at Dyserth and Prestatyn were closed. But in consequence of a decision come to at a meeting of the publicans of the district held at Rhyl on Thursday, all the houses will be opened in those places tomorrow, and will continue to open on Sun- days, unless the disputed point will be settled pre- viously, until the 10th of October. What action the police will take in the face of this turn of affairs we will not attempt to predict, but we anticipate that a test will be made in some instance. RHYL HOUSES TO BE OPENED ON SUNDAY. A meeting of the publicans of the Rhyl district including Rhyl, Rhuddlan, St. Asaph, Abergele, and Prestatyn, was held at the Oxford Varieties, Rhyl, on Thursday, to consider the Sunday Closing Act. Mr H. B. Lawrence, Belvoir Hotel, occupied the chair, and Mr Steer acted as secretary. There were also present among others, Messrs W. P. Jones N. Costi- gan W. G. Jones, Mona; Smith, Wellington Dining Rooms Hack forth, High street; Ellis, Birmingham Arms Roberts, Sun Inn Anderson, Plough Hotel, St. Asaph; Joseph Lloyd, St. Asaph; Edwards, New Inn, Rhnddlan, &c., &c. It was decided that all present should bind them- selves to open their houses on Sundays up to the 10th of October, when the excise licenses would expire, and that another meeting be convened in the mean- time. It was said in the meeting that this step was not taken to oppose the police or the magistrates, but as a question of right—the licensed victuallers' be- lieving that inasmuch as they had paid for' 365 days it was but right that they should get them. It was also decided to establish a licensed victuallers association for the Rhyl district, and a provisional committee consisting of the following gentlemen was appointed to make the necessary arrangements Joseph Lloyd, H. B. Lawrence, W. P. Jones, H. A. Steer, E. Ellis, and N. Costigan. A vote of thanks to the chairman and secretary brought the meeting to a close. CAERWYS. At the Caerwys petty sessions on Monday last the licenses of the several innkeepers were renewed, the police having no complaints to make regarding any of them. A deputation from the licensed victuallers appeared before the Bench, seeking their advice as to the period when the Welsh Sunday Closing Act would come into operation within the division, but the Bench in view of the present doubt in the matter refused to express an opinion one way or the other. HOLYWELL. All the licensed houses in this town, with the ex- ception of two, were closed on Sunday last. But it is expected, in consequence of the difficulties encoun- tered in determining the time when the measure comes into operation, that a far larger number will be opened on Sunday next. MOLD. The public houses in Mold were all, except one, closed on Sunday last. The one which remained open was visited by a large number of people, the names of whom the police obtained. It is thought that the house was kept open as a test, as the police had visited all the houses in the town the previous day to warn them not to keep open. At Northop (between Mold and Flint) the houses were open as usual, and they were visited by a large number of persons. CARNARVON. The notice issued by the chief-constable of Carnar- vonshire (Major Clayton) that the Sunday Closing Act would come into immediate operation in the Carnarvon, Conway, and Bettws-y-coed petty sessional divisions, although the magistrates had declined to express an opinion on the licensing day, was univer- sally acted upon last Sunday. It was expected that in the County and borough division one house would be opened for the purpose of having a test case, as suggested by Mr Allanson, who, at the licensing sessions, notified that Mr Harwood, the chairman of the local branch of the Licensed Victuallers' Associa- tion, would thus challenge the chief constable's notice by opening as usual. Contrary to expectation, all the houses remained closed at Carnarvon as well as at Llanberris, which is in the petty sessional division. Several hotel proprietors have, it is said, served notices upon the chief-constable that, should his notice be declared illegal when a test comes to be decided in a superior court, he will be sued for damages. The varied opinions respecting the above act seem to create quite a commotion-not only among the pubikuus themselves but also among stipendiaries and other magistrates, and the police. The actions of magistrates are eagerly watched by all interested in the matter. THE MAYOR OF FLINT AND THE ACT. At the last meeting of the Flint magistrates, the mayor, in congratulating the publicans upon the satisfactory manner in which they had conducted their houses during the past year, said that the Sunday Closing Act would come into operation there the following Sunday. At the same meeting his worship condemned the act as a measure that would deprive ths working man of the consolation he derived from his glass of beer If there is a consolation to be derived from this source how is that Mr Muspratt himself abstains from it P Consistency is a jewel." AN ADVERSE LEGAL OPINION. In reply to a question whether, inasmuch as the Sunday Closing Act is to come into operation on the day next appointed for the holding of the general anuual licensing meeting, the act can be said to have any operation over the procedure of the justices at miiy of the licensing meetings appointed this year, the Jit'-fir. of the l't'(!ctJ (of Saturday last) gives the following opinion:—"Without professing to say that the question is altogether free from doubt, the inclina- tion of our opinion is that the act does not affect the procedure of justices at licensing meetings appointed prior to the 27th of August last. The act comes into operation 'on the day next appointed' for the holding of the general licensing meeting and not on the next day appointed for holding such meeting, as would have been the correct description, if it had been intended to apply to a day already appointed. This interpretation seems to be the more reasonable when it is remembered that it has the effect of obvia- tiug the anomaly of having the license in a different form, according to the fact of whether it was or was not granted before the 27th of August last. The difficulty evidenlty arises from the delay which took place between the introduction of the bill and the time when it received the Royal assent, the general licensing meetings having, in due course, been appointed in the interval."
CHURCHES IN THE RHYL DISTRICT. (Aug. 3, 1881.) MELIDEN AND GWAUNYSGOR. From Bye GOIIS" in the Oswestry .Advertiscr. Meliden is a minifig village one-and-a-half mile south of Prestatyn. The Church is small, miserable, and dilapidated, plastered all over externally, of one pace, with a nondescript ruinous bell-turret and one bell at west, porch on the south, and a covered roof inside, all modern. There are no architectural char- acteristics to indicate what the building originally was. The east window, in which are a few fragments of stained glass, has been a good perpendicular one, but the mullions and tracery are all gone, and a plain one built inside the original arch. There is a good Tudor window of three lights on the south. The rest of the windows are square-headed, without dripstones, of two, three, and four lights of Tudor age. A pointed door on the north is blocked up. There are no old grave-stones in the churchyard of note. The interior has several modern coffin plates affixed to the walls, and there is a marble tablet of Edward Parry, Esq 1825, aged 65. A rough scramble over the high limestone moun- tain, Coed-yr-Esgob, on which there is a small tumulus, brought me to GWAUNYSGOR, A retired agricultural village on the edge of a valley bounded by Coed-yr-Esgob on north-west, and Gop on the south-east. This latter has a large and lofty tumulus on its summit, which in early ages probably formed the base of a mountain fortress. The Church is of one pace, small and without distinction of nave and chancel. The walls externally upright are in- ternally curved outwards. The curious triangular- headed south door, and also the blocked-up northern one, indicate the edifice to be of early Saxon or rather British period. At the west is a good open bell turret with one bell, but no window. On the south is a modem porch and square-headed window of three trefoiled lights, but no dripstone. On the south chancel is a similar window of two lights. The east window is exceedingly good and beautiful, a Henry VII. depressed perpendicular window of three lights, trefoiled with six upper divisions also three-foiled. On north side of chancel is a small square loop-lided window, and also a square one without dripstone of two lights, the heads being depressed without cusping. The north door is pointed, but now blocked up-the keystones of the arch of alternately long and short narrow stones. The triangular head of the south door is ornamented with rude depressions of dots, loops, crosses, &c. Internally over the south door is a sepulchral floriated cross, with a sword, built in the wall. The roof is carved, of open timber work. On the south walls are five modern coffin plates, and the north wall is f', marble tablet to Walter Jones, sixth son of Wm. Greslev Jones, Esq., and Elizabeth his wife, 1873, aged 8. Near this is a large escutcheon of arms, quarterly, 1, gu., a chevron erm. between three saracens' heads proper; 2, arg. a chevron be. tween three boars' heads sa. 3, arg., a pelican feed- ing her young from her breast sa.; 4, az., a lion passant arg. Over all an escutcheon of pretence bearing arg., a cross indented between four birds sa. and a chief az. with boars' head arg. impaling arg. a heart gu. and a chief az. bearing three stars of five points arg. Over the first quartering is a crest, a saracen's head ppr. Over the second a dove ppr. and over the female a boar passant under a tree, both pp'er. Motto :—Heb Dduw, heb ddim Duw a Digon. Slabs in floor. Thomas Morgan of Gronant 7 June 1771 aged 36. Thomas Kirk of Gwaniscor August 1743 aged 47— both in capitals. Slabs in the churchyard in capitals. Robert Owen son of William Owen Rector of Gwaynyscor 12 February 1672 and his relict. Owen, Rector 1646. Catharine, wife of Robert of Gw 1641. Pillar dialstone 1663 RE PE No Interment on north side. Population, 220. Register, a thin 8vo. volume, begins 1.538, and is the oldest existing register in the Diocese. W.A.L.
Correspondence. Whilst freely giving expression to the opinions of our corres- pondents on all subjects of public interest, we beg distinctly to state that we do not necessarily endorse any of them and are therefore in no way responsible for any statement made.
THE MODE OF ELECTING COMMISSIONERS. To the Editor of the RHYL ADVERTISER. SIR,-I believe the majority of the ratepayers of Rhyl are of opinion that the best mode of reforming our annual election of Commissioners would be to adopt the Ballot Act. As several of the Commis- sioners are against this being done, would it not be well to have a town's meeting to consider the ques- tion P—Yours truly, A RATEPAYER. 16th Sept., 1881.
RHYL AND ITS BEER LICENSES. To the Editor of the RHYL ADVERTISER. SIR,—I was present at the Town Hall on Monday last, when the public-house licenses were granted. I heard the chairman remark, while granting two beer licenses—"We are very sorry to have to grant these licenses, but we have no alternative. There are now 52 public-houses in this small town of Rhyl." I am also very sorry that we are to have two beer houses in Aquarium-street, where I suppose by and bye efforts will be made to get spirit licenses. There are already too many of these beer licenses, and it is time the Government -of our country put a stop to the grocers' licenses. I was given to understand that a gentleman was entrusted with a petition to be pre- sented to the magistrates against the granting of these two licenses, but it was nor brought forward, or else it might have had some little effect.-Yours respectfully, AN OLD RESIDENT. W IS IT? IMPRISONMENT OF DEBT
(UNDER ANOTHER NAME CALLED, CONTEMPT OF COURT.) To the Editor of the RHYL ADVERTISBR. SIR,-I have had the bitter experience of enduring 14 days in one of her Majesty's prisons for not paying JE1 13s. 9d. to a Jew bum-bailiff on a certain occasion in March last, when taking possession of my family estates at Bettesfield Park, he having been overpaid the sum of 12s above the wages he was entitled to. Without further ceremony he summoned me before the Couuty Court judge, who gave judgment against me for 20s and costs, to be paid in a month. I did not pay the same, and a judgment summons was taken out against me. I appeared, and in answer to his Honour I said I had neither goods, chattels, or money, being solely dependant upon my children. I pro- duced my medical man's certificate, to shew my bodily infirmities. Being 7.5 years of age, and without em- ployment in any way to earn the means of paying the claim (not debt). I was arrested on the 2nd inst., and confined for the 14 days in Ruthin prison. I did in no way treat this court with contempt, but with the greatest respect. If imprisonment for debt is abolished, what brought me there ? I had five companions, poor men, who were clothed in rags, with families at home, and the husband and father imprisoned for debt, sent by the same learned judge from different courts in his circuit. I have the following evidence to prove that imprisonment for debt is not abolished. One poor man for a debt of 5s, 28 days imprisonment a per- son, called a gentleman, owed X23, a judgment was obtained, a commitment made for the enormous time of seven days, and that seven days paid the debt of £ 23. This is only a sample. I also knew a lady who owedfa debt of XI 18s (the daughter of a magistrate) she was sued before the same judge as myself, a plea was set up that she had neither goods nor chattels to pay with, yet wearing at the time a most valuable gold watch and other jewellery, yet his Honour said, "Nothing could be done!" What did that mean ? Debt or contempt P I see no way to alter these matters except by ex- posing this fraud on the public, between debt and contempt, and by first making it imprisonment for debt, and abolishing the quagmire of contempt of court, so that the poor as well as the rich shall under- stand the laws of our country county courts, which ought to be the most comprehensible instead of the most incomprehensible law.—I am, sir, yours very respectfully, C. J. HANMER. Englefield House, 3, Crescent-terrace, Rhyl.
BIRTH. I ROBERTS.—On the 10th instant, at 8, Abbey street, Rhyl, the wife of Mr Jos. Roberts (Garibaldi), of a daughter. DEATHS. CHIvAs-On the 9th instant, at the Manor House, Queen's Park, Chester, aged 75 years, Elizabeth, relict of the late George Chivas, Esq., and the beloved oldest sister of John Churton, Esq., J.P., MôraDedd, Rhyl. DAVIES-On the 12th instant, at Manchester, Jane, the beloved wife of Mr. John Davies, bricklayer, and daughter of Mrs. Susannah Davies, Vale-road, Rhyl, aged 35 years.
HOLLOWAY'S PILLS.-For the cure of debility, bile, liver, and stomach complaints this inappreciable medicine is so well-known in every part of the world, and the cure performed by its use is so wonderful, that it now stands pre-eminent above all other remedies, more particular for the cure cf bilious and liver complaints, disorders of the stomach, dropsy, and debilitated constitution. A course of these diges- tive Pills painlessly but surely regulates the organs of digestion and acts most beneficially on the secretory excretory organs generally. They expel from the secretive organs and the circulation those effete and morbific matters which produce inflammation, pain, fever, debility, and physical decay-thus annihilating by their purifying properties, the virulence of the moist painful and deyastating diseases.
) PROCLAMATION OF THE NATIONAL ) EISTEDDFOD FOR 1882. SPEECH BY MR P. MOSTYN WILLIAMS. This interesting ceremony was performed at Den- bigh on Thursday last with an ecl&t which has been seldom witnessed before. The arrangements of the committee were perfect, the company which consisted of the elite of the neighbourhood, as well as the chief bards and literati of Wales added dignity to the occasion, and the weather was all that could be desired for an open-air meeting. At 10 o'clock in the foienoon a procession was formed at the Town Hall, which proceeded in the following order marshalled by Major Casson, Capt. Lloyd Williams, Mr Lloyd Roberts and Supt. Vaughan:—1, The Volunteer Band 2, the Police 3, the Grammar School; 4, the Oddfellows, preceded by the banner of the Order; 5, the Foresters; 6, the Fire Brigade; 7, the Eistedd. fod Committte 8, the School Board 9, the Clergy and Ministers; 10, the Borough Magistrates; 11, the Mayor and Corporation of Denbigh; 12, the High Sheriff of Denbighshire; 13, the County Magistrates 14, the Ovates and Bards; 15, the Arch-Druid. Within the precincts of the Castle a Gorsedd had been formed consisting of twelve stones, in the centre of which a huge block of limestone from the Graig Quarry constituted the throne or Maen Crair. Around this circle, kept at a respectful dis- tance by the police, were assembled thousands of the inhabitants of Denbigh and the surrounding district. The walls of the ancient castle, and every vantage ground among the ruins, were thronged by the spec- tators, giving a most animated appearance to the whole scene. A harp having been placed in front of the centre stone, the proceedings were commenced by the playing of a Welsh melody accompanied by the sing- ing of a portion of the Ode on the Destruction of Jerusalem by Eben Fardd. Then the herald gave the usual signal by sound of trumpet, under the direction of the Arch-druid—Clwydfardd. The fol- lowing gorsedd-prayer was intoned by the Rev W. Glanffrwd Thomas, in Welsh and English, the bards present within the circle responding, an innovation which produced a thrilling e:ff ect God, grant thy protection; And in protection, strength; And in strength, understandig And in understanding, knowledge; And in knowledge, to know the right; And in knowing the right, to love it And in loving, to love every being And in loving every being, to love God." The usual proclamation and announcement was made by the Arch-druid, which, reduced into modern phraseology meant that an eisteddfod and bardic congress would be held at Denbigh in August or September next year. After delivering this with due emphasis, the Bards were invited to take hold of a sheathed sword while the Arch-druid, grasping the handle,partlydrew out the blade, asking in a loud voice Is there peace f" The bards with one voice answer- ing Peace The Arch-druid being then reassured returned the sword to its scabbard, called upon the harpist again to play on the harp, Eos y Berth singing penillion in the customary style. The Rev R. Parry (Gwalchmai), was then called upon to address the vast audience. He dwelt upon the origin of the circle, and said that some thought it was taken from the memorial stones of the twelve tribes of Israel, as commanded by Joshua. He re- ferred to the progress which had been made in Wales since the revival of this institution, paying a deserved compliment to the Denbigh press for the Baner news- paper, the Gwyddionadur, the dictionaries of Dr Owen Pughe and D. Silvan Evans, and the Myvyrian Archeology; and instanced the fact that now we had legislators who had their own names put on the Statute Book of England in connection with recent Acts of Parliament. He then recited some Welsh poetry on the Gorsedd and its functions, which met with great applause. Mr P. Mostyn Williams (Pedr Mostyn) then ascended the stone. He said, Archdruid, Bards and Ovates, Ladies and Gentlemen,-400 years ago the question was asked what was the special work of the Eisteddfod, and the answer given by Dafydd ap Edmwnt, the highest authority then living, was some- thiug to this effect, Remembrance of the past, a survey of the present, and a forecast of the future." In regard to the past they had to look back through a long vista of ages to a remote antiquity where tradi- tion was lost in primeval darkness. Long before the Magna Charta was forced from an unwilling sovereign, ages before trial by jury was established, or the representatives of the nation were assembled together, anterior to the Forum of Rome or the Areopagus of Greece, we have a dim outline of this magic circle and a reverberation of its ancient maxims. Combining within itself the treasurea of literature, the annals of the country, the exploits of heroes, the concentrated wisdom and experience of ages, we find it exercising authority, administering justice and teaching the young for countless generations (cheers). In surveying th epresent we have nothing we need be ashamed of-in fact, we have much to feel proud of. It has been the fashion to laugh at us. We have been ignored which is worse than being laughed at. By this time we are recognised as worthy of some notice. There ar3 some things connected with these rites and cere- monies which may excite a smile taken apart from the meaning they convey. But it so happens that the life blood of a nation is connected with some very simple traditions and precedents (app.). The present fills us with hope. When I look at the bright intel- ligent faces of this vast assembly, when I see the sun shining so splendidly upon our inaugural meeting, when I look beyond these noble ruins at that grand amphitheatre of hills in the distance which seem to protect from all harm, this beautiful Vale of Clwyd, when I think of the historical asbociations connected with the place, and the courage and energy of its people, I am proud of the present, and look forward with hope to the future. As to the future, the motto of the Eisteddfod is progress. Nid da lie gellir ei well (" Nothing is perfect that can be improved.") It has learnt to adapt itselft to the spirit of the age, making every social improvement, and every intellec- tual discovery subservient to its own purposes. The objects of the Eisteddfod are stated to be the advance- ment of learning, the doing good, andjthe promotion of happiness. It is an educational institution which has planted a love of literature in the working men of Wales (chrs.). The incentive given to youthful genius by its competitions has awakened many a latent in- tellect, and in music the cultivation has been so successful and so universal that All Wales is now one sea of song." Who can calculate the amount of good which has been effected by this instrumen- tality? (applause). He concluded by reciting the following spirited lines composed by him for the occa- sion Within this circle, on this stone, Behold the mystic, bardic throne Rude emblem of a power sublime, Descended from barbaric time. Here Justice, robed in spotless white, Once held the balances aright And here, with bold defiance hurled The motto-Truth against the world. Then merit, had its friend indeed, And genius, found its help in need. The Arts and Sciences of yore, Here kept their deep mysterious lore. All culture and refinement sprang, From where the poets wrote and sang. Religion even, in Nature's sphere, Found its most wise exponents here While true morality was taught, In maxims quaint, with wisdom fraught; Ere priest or lawyer—cowl or gown, Had reached to power or renown Ere Witenagemote had met, Or Parliament was heard of yet. From here the cry-Defend the right, Thundered against the warrior's might; And heaven-born liberty was found At home, within this magic round Among the Muses, happy nine Her heaven-born kinsmen, all divine 1 The Gorsedd now revived again, We will its honour still maintain Aud thus to our descendants hand The glory of our ancient land. The reading of these lines was received with tremendous applause. Next to him came Hwfa Mon, who dwelt with fer- vid eloquence upon the special advantages of Wales and the preservation of the Welsh language. In answer to the assertion that Wales was poor, he re- ferred to the health-giving properties of its pure air, the beauty of its daughters, the strength of it sons, and the mineral resources and natural wealth of the Principality. In caricaturing the detractors of the language, he drew a fanciful picture of an English- man going to bury the Welsh language with Moel Famau and Hiraethog under each arm, Cadair Idris on his back, and Snowdon on his head, implying that such an event would never come to pass. (Cheers.) The venerable Dr. Rees (Gwilym Hiraethog) then spoke. He made a touching allusion to the Royal Eisteddfod of 1828, at which he had been present, and after naming Aneurin Owen, R. Davies (Bardd Nantglyn), Gwilym Padarn, Gutyn Peris, Dryw, and many more who were then present, he asked- "Where are they P Gone every one of them except Clwydfardd and myself,"—putting his hand on the Arch.Druid's shoulder—" and most likely I shall never be present at another Gorsedd or Eisteddfod on earth." The sight of the two venerable, noble-look- ing bards, one bordering upon, and the other upwards of eighty years of age, and both of them looking hale and hearty, was not to be forgotten. The speaker continued, and said that he had not been present at an Eisteddfod for 53 years, but always felt great in- terest in the proceedings, and often took part in the adjudication. He looked at the Gorsedd as an ancient relic, and thought that its origin and constitution would be a suitable subject for an essay at the forth- coming Eisteddfod. The preservation of the Welsh language was advocated by German students, who blamed the Welsh for not doing more towards its de. development. (Rear, hear, and applause.) Bardic addresses were then delivered by nearly a the bards present, after which the Gorsedd was closed by the ceremony of holding the sword and challeng- ing the peace as before. The Mayor of Denbigh ascended the stone and moved a vote of thanks to the bards and others who had come from considerable distances to take part in the ceremony. This was seconded by Mr Thomas Gee and carried unanimously. The Arch-Druid acknowledged the thanks on behalf of himself and his friends. On returning from the castle the proces- sion was re-formed, when the bards and ovates walked in front preceding the band, the others following in reversed order. In addition to the bards already named W3 noticed the following:—Rev W. B Joseph (Myfyr), Gwilym Cowlyd, loan Arfon, Andreas o Fon, Josephus, Mynyddwr, Drywysyn, Cynfaen, Gutyn Ebrill, Iago TegeingI, Gethin, Bodran, and many others. At two o'clock in the afternoon a meeting of the Local Committee was held, to which was invited the bards and literati, for general consultation. The question was put as to the propriety of holding the Eisteddfod meetings for three or four days. Opinion was divided upon this point-some being in favour of three and some in favour of four days. A very unani- mous expression was given to the desirability ofjre- ducing the number of subjects and increasing the prizes. In connection with the Chair prize, Immor- tality was named as a subject. An alternative one being The birds of the air." In connection with the Chair prize it was suggested that an oak chair should no longer be given to the chaired bard, but that a chair made in the highest style of art should remain in the hands of the committee, and that a gold medal, with the likeness of the chair embossed upon it, should be given to the successful bard. This sug- gestion was not adopted, although favoured by Hiraethog, Cowlyd, and other chaired bards. The names of Clwydfardd, Glanffrwd, Pedr Mos- tyn, and Drywysyn were recommended ,for the Liter- ary Committee, they being within:a convenient dis- tance of the town of Denbigh. The "utmost ?good feeling prevailed in the meeting indeed, the meetings throughout were pronounced to be a perfect success, auguring well for the success of the Eisteddfod of 1882.
» LOCAL & GENERAL ITEMS. MR. OSBORNE MORGAN, M.P., ON WESLEYANISM.— On Monday, the Right Hon. Geo. Osborne Morgan, Q.C., M.P., opened a Wesleyan Chapel at Moss, near Wrexham. In addressing the assembly he said he had great pleasure in being present at the opening of that bazaar. He knew what Wales was a hundred years ago, and that, to a great extent, its present position was owing to the labours of Wesley and his followers. Although a member of the Church of England, he could not fail to see the advantages of the voluntary principle which obtains amongst Non- conformists. He recognised the difficulties that arise in working a church in this locality, owing the exis- tence of two languages. One might go two miles in one direction and find a man who could not speak English, and two miles in another and find a man who could not speak Welsh. This bazaar was on be- half of an English church, and he must admit that the tongue was makinga gap in Offa's Dyke. STRANGE DISAPPEARANCE AND SAD DEATH. The inhabitants of Rhos, Ruabon, have for the last fort- night been in anxious concern as to the whereabouts of Solomon Jones, a miner, who left home for Rhyl on the 22nd of August. While at Rhyl, he is said to have shown signs of mental debility. On the 29th of August, he left Rhyl by an evening train, and, not. withstanding the unremitting inquiries of his rela- tives, who scoured the country in search of him, for several days his whereabouts was a matter of mystery. Handbills descriptive of the missing man were sent to all likely places, and on the following Saturday tidings were received that a man answering to that description was taken up at Chester on Tuesday, 30th of August, as a wandering lunatic. The probability is that he had become so deranged as to be unable to give a coherent account of himself, for the first clue the asylum authorities at Chester received was the description given in the handbill. The saddest part of a sad story is, that when inquiries were made by his friends at Chester Asylum, on Monday, the 5th inst., they found that his derangement had proved fatal, he having died on the Friday evening previous. Deceased leaves a widow and family. THE CEFN CAVES.—At the recent meeting of the British Association in York, Professor Hughes (son of the Bishop of St. Asaph) submitted the result of his examination with Mr. A. Williams Wynu of the deposits in the caves of Cefn, near St. Asaph. Glaciated stones had been found there, together with signs of the existence of man, but his investigation proved, as he maintained, conclusively that these de- posits were long past glacial, and were even subsequent to the period of marint, elevation following the glacial deposit. He attributed the deposits to the rearrange- ment of the boulder clay. Professor Prestwich in this case felt rather inclined to doubt whether these deposits might not be pre-glacial. This is one of those questions which he would put to their suspense account. THE ATTACK ON BICYCLISTS AT PENMAENHAWR.—At the Conway sessions, held on Monday last, Inspector Williams called attention to a case reported in a Liverpool contemporary of an attack made upon bicyclists near Penmaenmawr. The police had as- certained that whilst three young gentlemen were on their bicycles they were met by William Jones, a sett quarryman, who had been apprehended at Portmadoc. This man kicked at them, and unfortunately succeeded in reaching the third. The rider (a London gentle- man) was thrown down, and remained for three days in an insensible condition. He had been removed home, and in reply to a telegram to his father he had telegraphed his son's unfitness to attend. He (the inspector) applied for a remand upon the charge of unlawfully wounding, and it was probable a more serious charge might be made. The prisoner was re- manded, bail being refused. RUTHIN CHARITIES.—At a meeting of the governors of these charities, held on Wednesday last, Mr Miles R. Partington, of Rhyl and St. Asaph, was appointed auditor of the accounts.
RHYL. RHYL FOOTBALL CLUB.-The opening game of the season will be played on the Wellington-road field on Saturday (to-day), the 17th inst. Play to commence at 3 p.m. As it is intended to have a second eleven team this season, it is earnestly hoped that the youths of the town will join the club, and avail themselves of the opportunity thus given them of being able to play in matches. CARRIAGE ACCIDENT.—An accident that might have been attended by more serious results took place in Wellington Road about two o'clock on Monday afternoon,through the nonsensical pranks of an excur- sionist. A party of trippers hailing from Rochdale, had, it appeared, been out for a drive in a carriage belonging to W. Mellor, Vale Road, and after returning they stopped opposite the Birmingham Amrs, where Mellor went to procure change. In his absence one of the party drove off, and when near the Albion attempted to turn the carriage around, and in doing so turned the fore wheel under the vehicle, completely overturning it, and throwing the occupants but fortunately no one was injured. The horse became restive and commenced to kick, breaking the harness and the front of the carriage. We trust that this will be a warning to carriage drivers not to leave their carriages in charge of inexperienced persons. CONFIRMATION. On Sunday afternoon the right rev Lord Bishop of St. Asaph held his confirmatory service at St Thomas Church, when there were 64 candidates from Rhyl, and five from Towyn, St Asaph, and Flint. The bishop was assisted in the service by the Rev T. Richardson, M.A., the vicar, and the Rev J. Rowland Thomas. The church was crowded with spectators. GOOD TEMPLARY.—On Tuesday evening the Good Templars of the town held a competitive meeting among themselves at their lodge-room, Clwyd-street, and an edifying and pleasant evening was spent. THE QuimEx. "-This steamer will make a few excursions next week, and the last trip of the season will be sailed on Friday. FROM our advertisement columns it will be seen that Mr J. W. Jones has taken the Morley Road Steam Saw Mills-for many years so successfully worked by his late respected father. We wish Mr Jones every success. THIS week the debt on the English Wesleyan property in our town was reduced to S700 by the payment of X500; the debt having been, for the last 12 months £ 1,200. PROPERTY SALE.—An important property sale was announced to take place on Thursday last at the Royal Hotel by Messrs. Ainsworth and Jones, but by about noon the whole of the property (which comprised houses in different parts of the town) was sold by private treaty to Mr. Thomas Ellis, West Parade. Mr. W. R. Williams was the solicitor in the matter. There was great disappointment felt by the large company that assembled, as no notice of the with- drawal of the property had been given. THE family of the President of the Board of Trade (Right Hon. J. Chamberlain, M.P.) are now staying on the West Parade. THE PIER PAVILION.-The endeavours of Wr W. H. Newsome and his dramatic company, have secured a large number of patrons, and their performances have been attended with unabated success. Next week the following popular pieces will be produced Worth a struggle," The Honeymoon," and the comedy of Extremes, or men of the day." Bosco.—We understand that this talented gentle- man's connection with the pier pavilion ceases next week. We believe that Mr Boseo has secured the services of a good company, and will shortly start on a tour. TABERNACLE CHAPEL, BANGOR.-The Rev R. Owen, of Rhyl, a minister whose fame has spread far and near, and whose names has been for many years a household word amongst the children, catechised the Sunday School children of all the Calvinistic Metho- dist Chapels, at Bangor, on Wednesday evening, 14th inst. There was a large eoncourse of ^children, and grown up people, to witness a scene not to be wit- nessed often at Bangor or elsewhere, for the rev. gentleman is now so far advanced in years that he is compelled to give up his "labour of love," and rest from the public work. This was termed his larewell visit to Bangor, but we hope that such will not be the case. CONGREGATIONAL TEA MEETING.—On Wednesday evening last a tea meeting was* held'at'the Water- street Congregational Schoolroom to inaugurate a movement for getting up a bazaar next August. A committee of ladies was named, consisting of Mrs Francis, Mrs Brown, Mrs Oldfield, Mrs Peat, and Mrs Mostyn Williams, with power to add to their number. The first sewing meeting will be held on Tuesday evening, when the arrangements far carrying on the preparatory work will be completed. A FOUR-IN-HAND BRAKE will leave the Queen's Hotel, West Parade, at 9.30 on Tuesday morning for Llandudno sports. Proprietor-J. Cossins. Mr WM. JONES, late in the employ of Mr J. Morris, printer, is now the advertisement canvasser for the Rhyl Advertiser, and represents Messrs Amos Brothers, printers and publishers. Ffyuongroew Cottage, Sept. 15, 1881.—Advt.
MELIDEN. THE VICARAGE.-We are pleased to learn that the Bishop of St. Asaph, has conferred the living of Meliden, rendered vacant upon the preferment of the Rev J. Morgan to the rectory of Denbigh, upon the Rev E. Williams, curate of Mold, and of Fron-deg, Holywell.
EXTRAORDINARY CHARGE. John Conway, a well dressed man of middle-age, described as a contractor, of 24, Catherine-street, Buckingham-gate, was charged on remand at the London Westminster Police-court, before Mr. Par- tridge, with stealing nineteen glasses, value 7s., the property of Mr. Charles Marless, proprietor of the Shakespeare Hotel, Victoria Station. Mr. T. Duerdin Dutton defended. It appeared from the evidence of Biggs, 108 B, that on the night of Saturday, the 28th ult., he found a number of publican's glasses con- cealed behind some rolls of lead under the shop front of premises in Holden-terrace, Pimlico. The constable left the glasses where he found them, and watched some distance off. He saw the prisoner walking about in a suspicious manner, and ultimately noticed him remove the glasses in a bundle. Prisoner was then stopped by the officer, who found twenty glasses in his possession, several being in his pockets. Pri- soner svid he brought the glasses from home, and they belonged to him. In reply to the magistrate the constable said the prisoner was quite sober at the time. All the glasses but one were identi- fied the same night by the landlord of the Shakespeare Hotel, which was close to where the defendant was taken into custody. Mr. Dutton, for the defence, said the prisoner was drunk when Arrested, and he purchased the glasses from two strange men. Accused was a man of good position and irreproachable character, and a conviction would be ruin to his future prospects. He proposed to call evidence as to character. Mr. George Reginald Grant, articled clerk to Mr. Edward George, solicitor, of the Strand, said he had known the prisoner for some years. Prisoner was a railway contractor, and a man of means. He had lately entered into a large contract with the Staines and West Drayton Railway Company, a new company, for the purpose of carrying out extensive works. Prisoner's wife had a considerable private in- come under her father's will, and the deceased had car- ried out many important railway contracts. Mr. George acted as his solicitor, and had known him twenty years. Mr. Wm. Conway, book-keeper, of 80, High Holborn, first cousin to the prieoner, gave him an excellent cha- racter, and stated thit two years ago he completed a section of the London and North-Western Railway Com- pany's line in Wales. Other evidence to character was called, but Mr. Partridge said the case seemed so clear against the prisoner that, unless the prosecutor, who had beard the evidence, expressed a wish to withdraw from the prosecution, he must send the case for trial. Mr. Marless, after being spoken to by the prisoner's advocate, expressed a wish to withdraw. Mr. Part- ridge said that, under tbb circumstances, he would discharge the prisoner, but "be bad better be very careful in future how he dealt with glasses that were offered him by strange men in the street."
ALLEGED ATTEMPTED MURDER. About ten minutes past three in the afternoon as Police-sergeant Adams was on duty in Johnson-street, Somers Town, London, be heard screams proceeding from the house situate at the junction of Johnson and Clarendon-streets, numbered 37 in the latter- named street. A woman, whose name was ascertained to be Ellen Fredericks, was trying to escape, and was followed by a woman named Ellen Deacon, aged 45, who was calling Murder and Police." She stated to the sergeant that the woman Ellen Fredericks had stabbed her with a knife several times about the head and neck, and struck her on the head with a poker. He (the ser- geant) secured the woman Fredericks, who still held the knife in her hand. He at once sent for medical aid, and Dr. Andrews was soon on the spot, and dressed the wounds at the station, where the two women had been conveyed, the wounded woman being taken home. She is said to be in a precarious state.
THE FRENCH WINE CROP. Good reports come from the champagne districts ai to the quantity likely to be produced, estimated at 75 to 80,000,000 bottles, and if it had not been for the late heavy rains the quality would have been that of a grange annte. As it is, that expectation is dispelled, and the quality will y be oply average. Prices at Ay are still offS. the increase, but not to the same extent that they were last year. In the Lower Burgundy vineyards the yield and quality will be alike satisfactory, but in Upper Burgundy the quantity will be deficient. fin the south the drought has done much barm, and .the < crop will probably come very short. From the districts of Touraine and Saumurois the reports are excellent^ tolerable from Charente, Cognac, and Angoulême (in vineyards which the last year's frost and the phylloxera have spared) very poor from Aunis and Saintonge. The valleys of the Gironde and Garonng are in a flourishing condition, and the coming wilfe harvest is likely to yield two or three million hec^o-* litres more than last year, while the quality is e £ l6p- tionally good.
ST. ASAPH. CATHEDRAL SERVICES.—14th Sunday after Trinity, Seqtember 18tli. Morning at 11—Service, Garrett in D anthem, The Lord hath done great things (Smart). Evening at 3.15-The Litany; anthem, God is our hope and strength (Greene). Evening at 6.15-Chants; hymns 164, 224, 10. Rev. W. Morton, M.A., succentor; R. A. Atkins, Esq., Organist.—Choral Services on Thursdays at 11.30 a.m., and on Saturdays at 3.15 p.m. SUNDAY CLOSING.—On Sunday last, opinion seemed to be divided as to when the new Act comes into operation in this neighbourhood, with the result that one half of the public houses were closed throughout the day, and the other half opened as usual. TOM BARGER.—This popular mimic gave his won. derful performance in the National School-room, on Monday last, before a large and enthusiastic audience. MISSIONARY LECTURE.—This day (Saturday), at 4 p.m., in the National School-room, Mrs Greaves, late a missionary in India, will lecture on behalf of the Zenana Missionary Society, which is in co-opera- tion with the Church Missionary Society. The chair will be taken by the Very Rev. the Dean of St. Asaph. GINNETT'S well-known circus will visit this city on Wednesday next, the 21st inst.
„ V THE DROUGHT has ended in the United States, rain having fallen throughout the country for several days. It is said, however, to be too late to be of service to the crops. Two BAKERS, named Sutton and Popple, were fined S5 and costs by the RamFgate magistrates for mixing alum with bread. THE DEPTH OF THE CHANNEL,"—Doubtless many of the travellers who cross from Paris to London, and who suffer all the miseries of a rough passage, look upon the Channel as a fathomless abYIM. But the fact is, that, if St. Paul's Cathedral were placed in the deepest part of the Channel, the whole of the dome would stand above water. For in its deepest parts, the depth of the sea does not exceed 188 feet, and from a long distance from shore it does not exceed a depth of 50 feet, while for two miles outside the Calais coast the surroundings are only in about 20 feet of water.-Good Words. LOGIC.-No oat has two tails. A cat has one tail more than no cat. Ergo, a cat has thm UUsi,