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WELSH EDUCATION ALLIANCE.
WELSH EDUCATION ALLIANCE. (From our own Reporter.) THE DEPUTATION TO MR GLADSTONE AND MR FORSTER. Last week we gave a short account of the deputation to Mr Gladstone and Mr Forster; we now give a more com- plete report' At four o'clock the deputation met at the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, but they had to wait a short time until another deputation, consisting, we believe, of nearly 500 persons, from the Birmingham League, had retired. In addition to Mr Gladstone and Mr Forster, Earl De Grey was also present. Mr VIVIAN introduced the deputation, and in doing so referred so the confidence which the members of the deputation felt in the good intentions of her Majesty's Government on this great question and remarked that although there were points on which they considered that the Bill required modification, they still felt that they had one common end with her Ma- jesty's Government-to provide the blessings of education for the children of the country. The hon. gentleman added that Mr Henry Richard would describe the points that were considered essential. Mr RICHARD, first of all, said that he was very anxious to convey to the members of the Government that the de- putation came there in no spirit of hostility to them. (Applause.) Indeed he ventured to assert that no part of the United Kingdom was more loyal at heart to the Go- vernment than the inhabitants of the Principality, and especially of that part of the population represented by this deputation. (Applause.) He could go further and say that the conference which met at Aberystwyth, and from which this deputation had sprung, contained men who were certainly amongst the most active and earnest in their respective neighbourhoods in securing the return of that large majority of liberal members for Wales which helped in some humble measure to instal the Govern- ment in office, where he hoped they would long remain. (Applause.) The members of the Government, Mr Richard went on to say, were aware in part, though not wholly, of the peculiar circumstances of Wales, arising from the fact that a large body of the people, the over. whelming majority, were nonconformists, and their prin- ciples, whether right or wrong, they felt, had been at- tacked by the Bill, though they were sure it was uninten- tionally. (Applause.) The points on which they objected to the measure were these. First of all it indirectly sanctioned the principle of concurrent endowment—by providing for the religious teaching of all sects, which was a principle exceedingly obnoxious to the nonconformists of Wales. Then with regard to existing schools it was ex- ceedingly desirable that the children of nonconformists should be absolutely protected against proselytizing influ- ences, and they felt that the Bill in its present form did not protect them. (Hear, hear.) Welshmen had a great antipathy to a conscience clause—(hear, hear)—because it was a provision to protect the enormous majority against the minority. And then a conscience clause was con- sidered to be no protection to the nonconformists. Mr GLADSTONE here asked if they had any amendment to propose. Mr RICHARD said the nonconformist members had a form of amendment which they intended to put on the notice paper and he thought it would be generally adopted by the Welsh Alliance. Mr GLADSTONE—With which you will be satisfied? Mr RICHARD-I think they must answer for themselves. (Laughter.) The hon. member went on to say that with regard to the new schools the opinion was that they should be entirely unsectarian, and that the matter should not be left to the boards to determine, because it would lead to great sectarian strife through every part of the kingdom. Then there was another point on which they laid some stress, and that was that school houses should not be used for purposes of worship by any denomination, so as to constitute a system of church extension. The Alliance objected to the constitution of the boards by vestries. The effect in the rural districts would be entirely to throw the management of the schools into the hands of the land- owners and clergy, whereas the great bulk of the people were nonconformists. Mr Richard concluded by saying that the clergy were jubilant over the Bill and the noncon- formists were in dismay. Mr GLADSTONE-You do not object to the other points of the Bill, as to gratuitous and compulsory education ? Mr RICHARD-They object chiefly on the religious points and are content to leave the others to the League, with whom I think we are very much of the same mind. The Rev. T. KENNEDY here read the memorial of the Alliance, which was as follows To the Right Honourable William Ewart Gladstone, First Lord of the Treasury, and the Right Honourable William, Edward Forster, Vice-President of the Committee of Council on Educa- tion, the Memorial of the Executive Committee of the Welsh Education Alliance," RESPECTFULLY SHEWETH,—That your memorialists have long regarded the educational necessities of the country as demand- ing the wise and beneficent inte-ference of the State, and ac- cordingly regarded with great satisfaction the announcement at the beginning of the present session, that a comprehensive measure on education would shortly be introduced but your memorialists are constrained to confess that when this measure was expounded, and its details published, they were disappointed to find that instead of furnishing a probable and desirable set- tlement of a great national problem, some of its leading provi- sions are such, that if carried into law, their operation would prove more injurious to the national welfare than the continu- ance of the present imperfect system. At the same time your memorialists entertain a very strong hope, that having regard to the deeply-cherished convictions of the nonconformists of England and Wales, you will be pleased to modify those provisions, which if carried into operation, would inflict a great injustice on a large and loyal section of her Majesty's subjects. Considering the religious divisions that exist, and believing that, in such circumstances especially, anymea.sureofeducationt claiming and calculated to be national, should be secular ana unsectarian, your memorialists regard with no small alarm the introduction of provisions into the Bill, which instead of di- minishing will assuredly increase religious dissension through- out the land. They feel especially aggrieved with the proposal to perpetuate and even extend the denominational system in England and Wales, which will necessarily lead to its being de- manded for Ireland, and thereby the principle of concurrent endowment" will come into operation, and the necessity for "a conscience clause" be created, which in this Bill is presented in its most objectionable form. They disapprove of the constitu- tion and powers of the proposed school boards, and regard with no ordinary dissatisfaction the proposal to allow the nation's schools to be used as places of public worship. While the past history and present condition of Wales suf- ficiently demonstrate that your memorialists and those they re- present are in nowise indifferent to the importance and necessity of training the youth of the land in the fear and knowledge of God, they are increasingly persuaded that this may be safely left in the hands of parents, Sunday school teachers, and min- isters of religion. Your memorialists therefore pray that you will so alter the Bill as to provide that inspectors shall not enquire into the re- ligious knowledge of scholars-that school districts and school boards be formed throughout the whole country, and that the election of these boards be by ballot-that but one class of ele- mentary schools be supported by the State, and these of a purely unsectarian and secular character-that compulsion to attend the schools be enacted by imperial authority, and not left to the discretion of school boards—and that the school buildings may not be statedly used as places of religious worship. In the name and on behalf of the Executive Committee of the Welsh Education Alliance." MORGAN LLOYD, Chairman. Mr GLADSTONE remarked that the memorial asked that one class of elementary schools should be constituted, and enquired whether the Alliance objected to any religious education in schools assisted by grants from the Privy Council, or whether their objection extended only to rate- aided schools. Mr KENNEDY—To all. Mr GLADSTONE—Then you go beyond what I under- stand to be the feeling of the League. The League are disposed, if I may judge from the deputation which has just been here-and which ought to be competent to express its opinion—(laughter)—to recognize the distinc- tion. Dr EDWARDS, of Bala, said he went further, perhaps, than some of his friends in agreement with the proposed Bill, and he would not conceal the fact that there were different shades of opinion; but in one thing they were unanimous-in their wish to acknowledge the intended fairness of the Bill—(applause)—and to give every credit to the Vice-president of the Committee of Council for his earnest efforts to do what was right and just in the present circumstances. On the other hand they were as unanimous in opposing concurrent endowment in every shape and form and disguise it as they might, the Bill would establish concurrent endowment in England and Wales, and ultimately, and as a necessary consequence, in Ireland, for they would be ashamed to receive for them- selves what they were not ready to grant to others. (Hear, hear.) And it was concurrent endowment in its most invidious form, for instead of helping the weak it helped the strongi and left the weak with little assistance, if he understood the Bill. There was another thing in which they were unanimous, and that was in their opposition to the conscience clause. They did not speak for themselves alone in opposing it, or from merely selfish motives, for he was sure that in many parts of Wales, if this Bill were to pass, the nonconformists would have the power in their own hands—(hear, hear)—so that instead of granting it, the Church of England would have to accept a conscience clause. The Alliance, therefore, were speaking not in their own interests alone, but in those of the Church of England as well. He did not say that what he had described would be the case in the greater number of places, but he was quite sure that in that part of Wales with which he was connected they would have the power in their own hands. But it would entail continual strife -(applause)--and that was their great objection-a strife compared with which the church-rate contests were only child's play. (Hear, hear.) The rev. doctor concluded by saying that the nonconformists of Wales asked no favour —they had never been in the habit of asking favours from any Government, liberal or conservative-but they were trying to prevent a liberal Government from inflicting what they considered a grievous wrong on the liberal party throughout the Principality. (Applause.) Dr REES, of Swansea, began in a similar way to Dr Edwards, by declaring that the nonconformists of Wales had unbounded confidence in the Government—(applause) and not the slightest suspicion that the Government would willingly wrong them in any way. The vast majority of the people were nonconformists, and the mem- bers of the Church of England chiefly belonged to the wealthier classes, whose children would not attend the elementary schools; so that 90 or 95 per cent. of the scholars would be the children of nonconformists. The National schools of some parts of Wales depended at present entirely upon the attendance of the children of dissenters. The present Bill, as he understood, would perpetuate that state of things, and give power to school boards to establish fresh sectarian schools. Dr Edwards had remarked that the nonconformists could win the battle and so they could, for they had done it, but they dreaded quareling with their neignbours-(hear, hear)- and quarreling would be the result, unless the Bill were modified. Dr Rees went on to speak of the unsectarian character of British schools, seventy of which had been established in South Wales within the last five years Not a word was taught against the Church of England, the schools were perfectly unsectarian, and he thought if such schools were established, not one among the numbers of the Alliance would object. (Hear, hear.) Mr GLADSTONE, after deprecating the idea that what he termed the narrower ground of opposition to the Bill could be conclusive with the Alliance or the Government, went on to remark that he should have expected the opposition on that ground to have come from the landlords, and not from the nonconformists. The school boards, the right hon. gentleman pointed out, would have the power of establishing rate-aided schools to compete with those which were supported by Government grants, and the votes of the nonconformists in Wales, according to the statements of the deputation with regard to the proportion of Dissenters would be an overwhelming majority.— This remark of Mr Gladstone's was not allowed to pass without an observation from one of the audience to the effect that there was not freedom of voting in Wales; and the right hon. gentleman afterwards proceeded to enquire what was meant by saying that the schools must be secular and unsectarian," terms that seemed to be rather opposed to one another, since unsectarian appeared to imply some amount of religious teaching. Mr GEE'S explanation of the apparent contradiction was, that the words meant unsectarian in management and secular in education. Mr GLADSTONE said that was a perfectly clear and logical explanation, and one to which there was nothing to object on the ground of clearness. In the course of the conversation that followed, Mr RICHARD explained that some members of the Alliance advocated the use of the Bible in the Government schools, while others wanted purely secular education. The Rev. SONLEY JOHNSTONE thought Mr Gee's ex- planation was the true one. They objected to having the schools managed by any particular denomination, and they wanted purely secular instruction. There was a division of opinion on the subject of purely secular edu- cation but he thought all present would maintain that it was not within the province of Parliament to impose or prevent the reading of the Scriptures. Mr Johnstone went on to explain that the provisions as to school boards were strongly objected to. It was felt that they ought to be at once established throughout the whole country; and that only in that way could the present destitution be effectively met. It was felt to be very objectionable that time should be allowed for the denominations to provide fresh schools, and thus to prevent the establishment of school boards. As to the constitution of the boards, those who were acquainted with the Principality knew that the ratepayers in vestry would find it almost impossible to carry out their own views; for freedom of election hardly existed in some districts. He gave Welshmen credit for a great amount of courage and spirit, but in each separate parish there could not be that spirit which was found in the whole Principality at the last election, when the people made so many sacrifices. They could not be ex- pected to run the risk of losing their livelihood for the mere sake of electing a school board. Unless the boards were elected by the ratepayers as a body, and by ballot, they could not see how those boards would truly represent the ratepayers, for they would virtually be chosen by the clergy and the wealthy landed proprietors, most of whom were members of the Church of England. Mr Johnstone next referred to the permissive character of the compul- sory clauses, and remarked that as the boards would largely consist of men who had an interest in the labour of children, their decisions could not be expected to be per- fectly impartial; and the Alliance thought that Par- liament, and not school boards, should decree compulsion. (Hear, hear.) Mr Johnstone said it was also felt that members of the boards should not be exposed to the re- flections which would be cast upon them if it lay with them to compel attendance at schools; and further, that as compulsion might be enforced in one parish and not in the next, considerable confusion would arise throughout the country. Then the school boards might compel children to attend denominational schools, under the pro- tection of a conscience clause, and the Alliance felt that that would be unjust. (Hear, hear.) The conscience clause in many cases would be no protection the parents dare not avail themselves of it, without exposing them- selves to even greater injury than they incurred by record- ing their votes against their landlords. In conclusion, Mr Johnstone pointed to the objectionable power given to school boards to delegate the management of the schools to three persons. The Rev. Mr TILLEY said a few words on the subject of not allowing any new denominational school to receive a grant after the passing of the Act. Mr GEE referred to the use of the schoolrooms as places of worship. Mr FORSTER, however, explained that the Bill provided that no school should receive any assistance that did not fulfil the conditions of the code, one of which was that no schoolhouse should be used for the purposes of worship. Ic was quite a new idea to him that the clause of the Bill to which the Alliance referred would give the power sup- posed. The object of inserting that clause was to enable elementary schools to be used, by nonconformists or church- men, as Sunday schools. Mr GEE-Then our objection as to places of worship falls to the ground. The Rev. Mr LANOE said he should like to see all associa- tion between Government schools and sects abolished, and one measure passed for Great Britain and Ireland without regard to nationalities. The rev. gentleman said Sir John Ramsden was elected by the people of Newport on the ground of civil and religious liberty, and if that was outraged by the Bill he should not like to say what would be the result of another election. Mr GLADSTONE thought the objection to the use of the rooms for Sunday schools could hardly rank as an objec- tion of the first order. He presumed it was the object of all parties that existing means of education should be turned to account, and, if so, they must take existing schools into account, and ask what was to become of them. If, wishing to make the schools unsectarian during the week, they went on to say that they should not be used for denominational purposes on Sunday, although they had been so used before, they greatly increased the severity of their terms. When Mr LANCE had expressed his agreement with Mr Gladstone, that this point was not one of the first magni- tude, and Mr GLADSTONE had. in the usual way, promised carefully to consider what had been laid before him—add- ing that the Welsh nationality, which had hardly had fair play in the past, had now asserted itself-the proceedings were at an end, and the deputation withdrew.
MONTGOMERYSHIRE SPRING ASSIZES.
MONTGOMERYSHIRE SPRING ASSIZES. The commission for holding the assizes for the county of Montgomery was opened on Saturday, before Mr Baron Channell, in the Assize Court at Welshpool. On the arrival of the learned judge from town, his lordship was met at the rail- way station by the High Sheriff, Capt. Crewe-Read, R.N., who was accompanied by the Under Sheriff (R. D. Harrison, Esq.), the Sheriff's Chaplain, Chief Constable, and a retinue of javelin men, by whom his lordship was escorted to his lodgings, and thence to the court. The commission having been read, the court was formally adjourned. On Sunday morning Mr Baron Channell attended Divine service at St. Mary's Church, accom- panied by the Mayor and Corporation, and escorted by javelin men, sergeants-at-mace, and police. There was a very large con- gregation. The assize sermon was preached by the Rev. W. Lawson Barnes, rector of Knighton, Norfolk, and chaplain to the High Sheriff, from Psalm ciii., v. 19—" The Lord hath pre- pared His throne in the heavens, and His kingdom ruleth over all." His lordship took his seat at ten o'clock on Monday morning. The following grand jury was empanelled;—Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart. M.P. (foreman), R. E. Jones, Esq., Edwin Hilton, Esq., Capt. R. D. Pnrce, WM. Fisher, Esq., John Buckley Williames, Esq., R. S. Humphreys, Esq., Major Joseph Davies, Thos. Bowen, Esq., John Robinson Jones, Esq., Devereux Herbert Mytton, Esq., Major C. V. Pugh, E. Salusbury Rose- Trevor. Esq., Capt. Heyward-Heyward, P. H. Harrison, Esq., Pryce Lloyd Turner, Esq., Maurice Lloyd Jones, Esq., R. M. Bonnor-Maurice, Esq.) Thos. Gill, Esq. The calendar contained the names of six prisoners, all de- scribed as of imperfect education. In delivering the charge to the grand jury, his LORDSHIP said —I am very glad to have the honour of again meeting the grand jury of the county of Montgomery. The business which we have to discharge is, in point of quantity, rather above the average, as far as my knowledge of the business of this circuit, which I have now traveled for many years, goes. Still, there are scarcely any of the cases in the calendar which require any ob- servation or remarks from me. The first case is that of a man named Geo. Saunders, who is charged with a robbery at New- town, but who, since his committal, has died in prison, and therefore you will have nothing to do with that case. There are two cases of burglary, in which two prisoners are charged with breaking into the premises of a person named Evans, and of another person named Catherine Morris. In the first offence the prisoners are jointly charged, in the second case they are indicted separately. The prisoners were seen in company, some portion of the property has been traced to their possession, and if the facts of the case come out before you as they appear on the depositions, it will be your duty to return a true bill against the prisoners. There is a case in which a soldier named Adam Howell is charged with assaulting with intent to rob. The pro- secutor is a person named Thos. Rutter, and the case, I think, will give you but little trouble. On the occasion in question the prisoner appears to have followed the prosecutor down a dark lane, and used language to him, to get from him such money as he might have in his possession. The prosecutor said that he had got no money, but this did not satisfy the prisoner, who put his hand into the prosecutor's pocket. No money was taken from the prosecutor, and if nothing further had occurred, the case would probably not have come before you, but the pro- secutor says that the prisoner knocked him down, and then kicked him when he was upon the ground. Now, the first question which will arise, is, whether you will be satisfied as to the identity of the prisoner. The prosecutor ad- mits that he had been drinking, but he affects to be able to identify the prisoner as the man who assaulted him in the lane, and on the day following the assault, he namedjthe prisoner as the man who had committed the assault. When before the com-, mitting magistrates, the prisoner set up an alibi, and two wit- nesses were called to support the defence. These witnesses, however, will not be called before you, but, if you return a true bilL they will, I suppose, be called before the petty jury who will try the ease*. Inere is a caw of night poaching, a man .J <- .0. ( ¡. named David Williams, being charged with entering a certain close of land at Aberhafesp, in the occupation of the trustees of the late General Proctor. The keepers, it appears, heard firing between the hours of two and three on the night of Dec. 17th, and saw three men in the close. They followed the prisoner, who had a gun in his hand, and did not lose sight of him. Upon the other cases in the calendar, there is, I think, no occasion for me to trouble you with any remarks. Repeating his observa- tions of former assizes, he exhorted the grand jury to assist, by all the means which lay in their power, all institutions having for their aim and obiect the promotion of sobriety and good order amongst the lower classes. Mr William Asterley was foreman of the petty jury. Pleaded Guilty.—Arm Jones (30), married woman, pleaded guilty to stealing, at Welshpool, on March 7th, one pound, three shillings, and sixpence, belonging to Aaron Watkins. Six months' hard labour.—George Wood (18), labourer, and William Johnson (20), labourer, to breaking into the dwelling-house of Edward Evans, at Llansaintffraid, on the night of October 19th, 1869, and stealing two pairs of boots and 101bs. of cheese. The prisoners were also indicted for breaking into the shop of Catherine Morris, at Llangadfan, on October 23rd, 1869, and stealing a quantity of tobacco and other articles. Sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment, with hard labour. The Welshpool Assault Case.-In the case of Adam Howell (34), soldier, who was charged with assaulting, with intent to rob, Thomas Rutter, at Welshpool, being armed with an offensive weapon, on February 18th, 1870, the grand jury ignored the bill. Mr Morgan Lloyd, instructed by Mr C. E. Howell, held the brief for the prosecution; Mr M'Intyre, instructed by Messrs Harrison, was retained for the defence. Night Poaching at A berhafesp.-David Williams (40), factory hand, surrendered to his recognizances on a charge of night poaching at Aberhafesp, on December 17th, on lands in the occu- pation of the trustees of the late General Proctor. Mr Horatio Lloyd (instructed by Mr George Woosnam),who appeared for the prosecution, said that he had no wish to press the case against the prisoner. No violence had been usea, the prisoner having surrendered peaceably to the keepers. He had five children, one of whom was totally blind.—1The prisoner pleaded guilty, saying that he had been led into it, and his Lordship said that under the circumstances of the case, he would pass a sentence less severe than was usually inflicted in such cases. Sentenced to six weeks' imprisonment, with hard labour. In the remaining case in the calendar-that of George Saun- ders (29), tailor, charged with stealing, at Newtown, on August 9th, 1869, a quantity of articles belonging to Mary Ann Hum- phreys and William Reese, the prisoner was entered as having died in prison on January 7th, 1870. This terminated the criminal business of the assizes, and the Court, after an adjournment of two hours, proceeded with the hearing of the following civil cause Haigh v. Wilkinson and OtNerg.-In this case, Mr Morgan Lloyd, instructed by Mr John Jones; Newtown, appeared for the plaintiff, Mr George Augustus Haigh, of Penithon, near New- town, who sued the defendants, Messrs Morgan and Wilkinson, wool merchants, Newtown, for damages for non-fulilment of a contract entered into between the parties for the purchase of a quantity of wooL Mr M'Intyre, with whom was Mr Horatio Lloyd, instructed by Mr John Jenkins, Llanidloes, was for the defendants. The case was heard by the following special jury: —Messrs Sampson Summerfield, banker Newtown, E. T. Greaves, Llanfair, George Fanner, Hugh Lloyd Jones, Griffith William Griffiths, David Gilbertson, Richard Jones, Machyn- lleth, Alexander Davies, James Eaton, John Maginnis, Welsh- pool, Devereux Herbert Mytton, Garth, and William Fisher, Trewern. Damages were laid at £ 76 2s. 4d. Mr Morgan Lloyd having opened the case, called Mr Thomas Gough, the plaintiffs bailiff, who said that he had a quantity of Scotch wool, of the clip of 1868, in stock, and a quantity of Welsh wool of the same clip, stored in a loft over the stable. They had also a quantity of Welsh wool of former clips, the Scotch wool being stored on the right-hand side of the door, the new Welsh wool on the left side, and the old Welsh wool in the centre of the room. On the 14th of February, 1869, Mr Morgan called at Penithon, and witness went with him to examine the wool, the Welsh portion of which was in small packs, a portion of the Scotch was also packed, and the re- mainder loose about the room. Mr Morgan opened several of the packs and looked into them, and at his request one pack was drawn out, and the contents emptied. He noticed the wet wool at the door, which had been caused by the rain beating through the cracks of the door. The roof was perfectly sound, and no wet penetrated but by the door. Mr Morgan also looked at the old Welsh wool, and after leaving the room, offered 17d. per lb. for the Scotch wool and Is. per lb. for the Welsh, the wet and damaged wool to be rejected. Witness said he could not sell it on such terms, and no other interview took place until April 14th. On February 25th, 1869, witness wrote to defendant, saying that Mr Haigh would accept the terms offered, conditionally that a specified quantity of damaged wool should be separated, the Quantity to be agreed npon before the picking out commenced, n February 26th he received a reply agreeing to take the wool at the prices offered, if Mr Haigh was willing to throw out 100 fleeces. On April 1st witness wrote to defendants, saying that he thought 60 lbs. enough to be thrown out or rejected. On the same date he received the reply accepting the wool at the prices named, 60 lbs. of the damaged wool to be thrown out. On April 7th witness replied that Mr Haigh agreed to sell at the price named, throwing out as damage to the extent of 60 lbs., and asking when it would be convenient for Mr Morgan to come up and weigh the wool. On April 10th the defendants replied, asking that some one should be 'sent for the sheets in which to pack the wooL On April the 14th Mr Morgan came to Penithon, bringing two men with him to pack the wooL Witness went with the men, and put out the wet wool which was near the door. The men then commenced packing the wool in defendant's sheets, throwing aside wet and coarse fleeces. Witness remarked to Mr Morgan that he was rejecting more than the 601bs. which had been agreed upon. Mr Morgan said that he was; that he must have a further allow- ance. Witness said that he could not allow anything beyond the bargain, and then Mr Morgan replied that he could not take the wool, unless he had a further quantity allowed him. He went on packing until he had packed all except that Welsh wool which he had rejected, and then he again asked witness to allow him a larger quantity. Witness said that he could not do so without instructions from Mr Haigh, and Mr Morgan said that he would not have it. He then went up into the warehouse, and said that he would have the Scotch wool. Witness told him that he could not have it singly; that he must take the Welsh also. He then went away, saying that he would communicate with Mr Haigh. The rejected wool was then replaced in the room, and that packed was stored in the coach house, and there left. On July 27th, the wool was taken to Newtown fair and sold, a portion of it being bought in and returned to Penithon. -John Jones, shepherd to Mr John Arthur, Llanbadamfynydd, and formerly shepherd to Mr Haigh, and Rees Phillips. a mason, were called to prove the condition of the wool, and of the build- ing in which it was stored.—The Court adjourned at five o'clock until ten o'clock yesterday morning. TUESDAY. The case of Haigh v. Wilkinson and others was resumed on Tuesday morning, when the following witnesses were examined:— Edward Corfield said he was at Penithon in April last. Remembered Morgan coming to pack the wool and assisted him to pack. Witness observed that the bag next the door was wet; some of the other bags were also a little wet. Morgan came into the room and ordered up men to turn out the Welsh wool; this was accordingly done, the wool being taken out into the YIJord. The black fleeces were put against the wall. The black wool of the coarse fleeces was taken out, and the rest of the wool was packed in Mr Morgan's sheets. Ten sheets were packed. After this wool had been packed Mr Morgan went into the wool room and examined the Scotch wool; Morgan told Mr Gough that the wool was all right, and that there was nothing the matter with it. Morgan asked Mr Gough if he should pick it, to which he replied "No, unless you take it alL" The coarse, and black wool was put back into the loft without k^fiiswitness was examined by Mr M'Intyre. William Price, auctioneer, Llanidloes, stated that he sold a quantity of wool for Mr Haigh at Newtown. The conditions of sale were read. The wool came packed in bags but was opened before the sale by Mr Haigh's men. Mr Gough kept the account of the sale. The Scotch wool was to be sold without reserve. Mr Gough said he kept an account of the sale of the wool; the prices at which the different lots were sold were entered in a book at the time. There were fifteen lots of Welsh wool; the Scotch wool was sold in one lot. The whole of that which Morgan bought fetched £ 201 Is. 2d.; if Mr Morgan had carried out his bargain it would have amounted to £ 275 9s. 6d. The expenses of the sale were P.3 14s. The wool market was falling when Morgan came to pack. The Scotch wool was bought by Mr Owens. Cross-examined by Mr M'Intyre—I did not tell Ritchie that I had a difficulty in selecting a sample to show Morgan. The wool was not weighed until it was brought to Newtown. Lots one to seven were bought in. George Middins, innkeeper Newtown, said he remembered the sale of the wool on the 27th July; he was employed to weigh the wool; he called the weights out, and they were booked Dy Gough. The wool was in a dry state. Cross-examined by Mr M'Intyre—I sell wool. I don't buy. I examined about twenty bags of the wool which was sold. By his Lordship-I grow wool. I keep a farm as well as an inn. Valentine Lloyd stated that he was in the employ of Mr Haigh in 1868, and had charge of the wool. When he left, which was in March, 1868, there was wool in the coach house. Mr John Jones, solicitor, Newtown, said he wrote to the defendant Morgan, at the request of Gough, on the 8th of June, 1869; the letter was put in the usual box for post, and on the 8th of June witness had a conversation with Morgan about the letter. Witness also wrote to defendant (Morgan) on the 5th July and 27th July; but received no answer to any of the letters. Cross-examined by Mr Mllntyre-r never remember the de- fendant Morgan calling upon me, but I met him in the street. This was the plaintiff's case. Mr M'Intyre in a lengthv speech opened the case for the de- fendant, after which he called Mr Morgan, of the firm of Wilkinson and Morgan, who said he went to Mr Haigh's farm on the 9th of January, 1869. That was the only time he was there previously to April. On the 9th of January saw Mr Gough, and went to the loft where the wool was. The room was crammed with wool so that he could scarcely stand by the door. Got into the loft by a ladder from the out- side. The Scotch wool was on the right hand and the new Welsh wool on the left; in the centre, the old Welsh wooL Gough handed witness a bag of the old Welsh wool, and, on examina- tion, he found part of it discoloured; it was perfectly dry. Gough said it was discoloured owing to the place it was kept in previously. He examined a fleece of the Scotch wool, and found it in very good condition, perfectly dry. Also examined a bag of the new Welsh, which was perfectly dry. Was in the loft about five minutes. Witness offered Gough I7d. for the Scotch and Is. per lb. for the Welsh. Gough said the whole of the wool was in good condition, with the exception of from 301bs. to 401bs. of old Welsh wooL Then left the room, and heard nothing more of the wool until February 25th, which was by letter, and witness answered on the 26th February. Witness wrote again on the 1st ApriL On the 14th April saw Gough again at the farm; he threw down a bag of wool, which was very wet. Witness told Gongh he could not take the wool in that state. Gough replied, j am very sorry; I must make you some allowance also stating that the building had been made by con- tract, and had turned out very bad. Witness examined other pieces of wool and scarcely found a dry fleece. Told Gough he could not take the wool in that state, and he said he would make some allowance for the wet. The driest of the wool was put out by Mr Haigh's men, the rest being laid aside, an allowance to be made for it. Examined about three-fourths of the wool. Witness pressed Gough as to what allowance he would make for the wet woo4 and he said he would have to write to Mr Haigh, as the wool was so bad he could not possibly make a proper allowance himself. Went into the loft and ex- amined the Scotch wool, which was wet. Told Gough to write and get the proper allowance, and witness would come and pack the wooL Saw Gough some time afterwards in Newtown, and he said his master could make no allowance. Witness said if no allowance was made they could not take the wool. Never heard any more about the wool until they received Mr Jones's (the attorney's) letter. Saw the wool at Newtown before the sale, and found it damp. Witness was cross-examined at considerable length, during which he said he could not swear whether Thos. Owen was ordered to bid for him and the other defendants at the sale of the wooL Witness gave Owen a eommission on what he bought at the sale. Samuel Morgan, who is in the employ of the defendants, said he went with the last witness to see the wool; it was very wet, aDd the last witness and Gough put some of the wool oat to :.l l dry; there were other pieces too wet to dry. He did not s into the loft. s Wm. Richie, who was in company with the two last witnesses at Haigh's farm, stated that after Morgan, the defendant, had left, Gough told witness that he had great difficulty in finding a dry bag to shew Mr Morgan, and if he had wanted to see an- other bag he could not have got one for him. Gough also said the bags were so rotten with wet that his fingers went through them. Witness and Mr Haigh afterwards had some conversa- tion about the storage of wool generally, when Haigh said he thought wet places were best, as the wool weighed better. (Laughter.) Cross-examined by Mr Morgan Lloyd-Believed this converts tion took place in the month of February, 1869. Could not remem- ber what led to this conversation and called forth the remarks. That part of the conversation appeared remarkable to witness's mind. (Laughter.)—Mr Morgan Lloyd Can't you tell us what led to the conversation?—Witness: I believe Mr Haigh was schooling me on what he thought were my erroneous ideas on the storage of wool. (Laughter.) We were talking about the storing of wool generally. I was not discharged from Mr Haigh's service for making a false accusation against one of the servants. I was discharged for dismissing a workman whom I did not consider qualified for my service. I was discharged in October, 1869. The man I discharged may still be in Haigh's service for all I know. Thos. Owen, flannel manufacturer, Newtown, said he bought seventeen cwt. of Scotch wool at the sale in July, and paid Is. Id. per lb. for it. Paid Mr Gough, as agent for Mr Haigh, and received a receipt for 4100 2s. 7d. (receipt produced). About one-third of the Scotch wool was discoloured and damp at the time of sale. Henry Barrett, J. Hall, Wm. Matthews, C. Morris, Rd. Francis, and Thos. Bumford. were also called, and stated that the wool was damp at the time of sale. This being the whole of the case, Mr M'Intyre addressed the jury for the defendant, and after an address from Mr Morgan Lloyd, his lordship summed up at considerable length. The jury retired at five minutes to six o'clock, and at half- past six they proceeded to his lordship's lodgings with the fol- lowing verdict—" Verdict for plaintiff, contract proved as stated in the declaration, not obtained by fraud damages 472 2s. 4d., special jury certified." This terminated the business of the assizes.
CORN, L-c. LIVERPOOL CORN MARKET.—TUESDAY. Market fairly attended. Very slow sales for Wheat, and to effect sales in quantity holders would have to take LOWER PRICES. The business has been limited. Flour slow at nominally previous rates. Beans steady, and 6d. per quarter over Tuesday. Indian Corn in limited request. Quotations advanced 6d. per quarter on the week. Oats and Oatmeal firmly held. Peas unchanged. All the stock is in second hands. LONDON, MONDAY.—Last week's supplies were generally short. Exports: 15 qrs. Wheat, 115 qrs. Oats, 5 qrs. Maize, 96 cwts. Flour. English Wheat 5,320 qrs., foreign 9,743 qrs. This morning's show of fresh samples from the near counties was moderate, and, with the country markets generally dearer, factors were at first asking 2s. per qr. advance; but eventually business was quiet at a rise of ONE SHILLING only. The foreign demand was very limited, and the only quality which occasionally realised an improvement was American red. Country Flour 21,281 sacks, foreign 741 sacks 1,000 barrels. The firmness of English wheat enabled factors to obtain Is. advance on country samples. For- eign, both American and French were held at previous rates, without finding more than a retail inquiry. Town sorts were unchanged. Maize 820 qrs. This grain was 6d. to Is. per qr. dearer. British Barley 3,770 qrs., foreign 1,421 qrs. Malting sorts were unaltered in value, but from the limited supplies of foreign and good demand inferior sorts were rather dearer. In Malt there was but a quiet trade at former rates. English Oats 1,021 qrs., foreign 5,800 qrs. Fresh corn on board was worth fully 6d. per qr. more money, and granary samples participated in the advance slowly. Native Beans 916 qrs., foreign 3 qrs. Good old corn was very firm. English Peas 432 qrs. White sorts were fully as dear. Linseed 584'qrs., exports 386 qrs. There was no change in the value of seed .or cake.
CURRENT PRICES OF BRITISH…
CURRENT PRICES OF BRITISH GRAIN AND FLOUR IN MARK LANE. Shillings V, qr. Wheat, Essex and Kent (white), old 45 to 50 Ditto, ditto new 39 49 Wheat, Essex and Kent 'red) old 44 46 Ditto, ditto new 87-44 Wheat, Norfolk, Lincoln, and Yorkshire (red) old 45. 47 Ditto, ditto ditto new 37 44 Barley 25 40 Beans 32 48 Oats, English feed 18 20 Flour, per sack of 2801b, Town, Households, 37s. to 48s. SHREWSBURY, SATURDAY.—There was a fair attendance at this day's market, and an improved tone in the trade for both wheat and barley. White wheat made 6s. 10d. to 7s. 2d. per 751b; red, 6s. 6d. to 6s. 8d. Barley, malting, fetched 5s. 6d. to 5s. lOd. per 38its. grinding, per 13sc. 101b, 19s. 6d. to 20s. 6d. Oats, per llse. 101b, 19s. to 20s. Malt, per imp. bushel, 8s. to 8s. 6d. BRIDGNORTH, SATURDAY.—There was a large attendance of farmers, dealers, and millers. Best samples of wheat were in good demand, at au advanced price, and business appeared more brisk in all articles, and the market was altogether better. The following were the quotations at the close of the market:- White wheat, 6s. 8d. to 7s. Od. per bushel of 721b; mixed wheat, red and white, from 6s. 4d. to 6s. 8d. per bush. of 721b; red wheat, 6s. Od. to 6s. 4d. per bushel of 721b. Malting barley, 5s. 6d. to 5s. 8d. per 38qts.; grinding barley, 14s. 8i. to 15s. per bag of lOse. Beans, 15s. Od. to 163. Od. per bag of IOsc. Oats, 13s. Od. to 15s. Od per bag of 8sc. Vetches, from 7s. 4d. to 7s. 6d. the imperial measure. Indian corn, 12s. 3d. to 13s. Od. per sack of lOw- Peas, seed, 17s. 10d. to 18s. per bag of IOsc. MOLD, WEDNESDAY.—Wheat, 13s. 6d. to 14g. 6d.; barley, 12s. Od.to 13s. Od.; oats, 8s. Od.; butter, Os. Od. to Is. 7d.; tub butter. Is. 2d. WREXHAM, THURSDAY.—The following were the quotations: White Wheat, 6s. 3d. to 6s. 61. per bushel of 751b; Red Wheat, Os. Od. to Os. Od. ditto; Malting Barley, 5s. 2d. to 5s. 7d. per 88 quarts; Grinding ditto, 4s. Od. to 4s. 6d. per bushel of 641b; Oats, 3s. Od. to Ss. 91. per 461b; Potatoes, 2s. 6d. to 8s. Od. per mea- sure; Butter, Is. 4d. to Is. 5d. per tb; Eggs, 14 and 16 for Is.; Fowls, 2s. 6d. to 4s. Od. per couple. WELSHPOOL, HONDU.-Quotations :-Wheat (per SOlbs.) 6s. 4d. to 69. 6d.; old ditto, Os. Od. to Os. Od. Barley (per 40 qts.), 53. Od. to 5s. 6d.; Oats, (per bag), 148. to 18s. Od.; Eggs, 18 for Is.; Butter, Is. 2d. to Is. Sd. per lb.; Fowls, 8s. 6d. to 5s. Od. per couple; Ducks, 4s. Od. to 5s. Od. Potatoes, 8s. Od. to 8s. 6d. per bushel
CATTLE. NOTTINGHAM, SATURDAY.—The trade for beef was fair, and prime sorts were sold at lijd. to 7d. per lb. Mutton was scarce and very dear, prices ranging from 7d. to 8d. Small show of pork, which made high quotations. Veal scarce, and very dear. METROPOLITAN, MONDAY.—The total Imports of foreign stock into London last week amounted to 8,456 head. Increased supplies of stock were on sale to-day, for which the trade gene- rally was quiet. As regards beasts, the receipts from our own grazing districts were on a moderate scale, and the quality of the Norfolk stock was satisfactory. The Scotch arrivals also came to hand in good condition. Included in the foreign supply were some good serviceable animals. In all breeds sales progressed slowly; nevertheless, the best Scots and crosses sold at 5s. to 5s. 2d. per 81b. From Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, and Cambridgeshire we received about 1,850 Scots and crosses; from other parts of England, 400 of various breeds; from Scotland, 214 Scots and crosses; and from Ireland, 250 head. There was a tolerably good supply of Sheep in the pens. The trade was slow. Really prime Downs, from their scarcity, maintained late rates, and were disposed of at 5s. lOd. to 6s. per 81b. Shorn sheep were rather lower, and the value of tegs in the wool had a drooping tendency. The Lamb trade was unaltered, prices ranging from about 7s. 6d. to 8s. per 81b. Calves were scarce and dear. Pip sold slowly at about late rates.
MISCELLANEOUS. LONDON SEED, MONDAY.—There continues to be a very limited quantity of English Cloverseed, and the few fine samples offering were taken off at very high rates. Foreign samples of red were held again higher, and in steady demand. Fine Eng- lish Trefoil realised the recently enhanced rates readily. White Cloverseed remains very scarce, and for fine qualities high prices are paid, but small lots only are taken. White Mustardseed sold at fully as much money. Canaryseed, whether EngHgh or for- eign, brought late quotations. Foreign Tares continue to be taken off, and last week's prices were rather exceeded. LONDON PROVISION, MONDAY.—The arrivals last week from Ireland were 196 firkins Butter and 2$70 bales Bacon, and from foreign ports 17,537 packages Butter and 2,204 bales and 135 boxes Bacon. In Butter markets we have little alteration to notice during the week. The finest foreign met a good sale; best Dutch, the quality of which has improved, advanced to 124s. to 126s. The Bacon market ruled quiet, and prices declined about 2s. per cwt. At the close of the week rather more business transacted. SHREWSBURY CHEESE FAIR.—There was an unusually large supply for the time of year. Prices were: Skims 45s. to 55s., middlings 60s. to 703, fat 75s., very fine dairies 80s. There was a capital attendance of dealers, and very little, if anything, was left unsold. LONDON HOP. MONDAY.—Our market continues Inactive, consumers still contenting themselves with supplying immediate wants only, and the actual business done being very small. There is little or no change in the market quotations of ehoice new English and the best Boris of new Bavarian and American hops, but a disposition is everywhere shown to. meet buyers. Yearlings of all kinds are most difficult of sale. Imports for the week ending March lith, 3,22o bales against 1,278 the previous week. New York advices to the 1st inst. report no change in the market, trade being very dull, and the recent fall in gold tending to farther depress business. Mid and East Kent A7 0 £ 9 5 £ 12 19 Wealds 6 0 7 0 8 0 Sussex 5 12. 6 6. 6 18 Bavarians 6 6 7 7 9 0 French 5 0 5 15 810 Americans 4 5. 5 6 6 0 Yearlings. 1 10 2 10. 8 18 LONDON WOOL, MoNDAY-In the market for TCNAIIAH wool only a moderate business has been transacted nevertheless, the value of all qualities has been maintained. The new clip will make its appearance in the market shortly. CURRENT Paicze OF BNGLISH WOOIM e. a. to a. d. FLEECES—Southdown hoggets per lb.101 11 Half-bred ditto 14 1 6 Kent fleeces „ 1 8 1 8; Southd'n ewes and wethers 10 11; Leicester ditto n 1 2$18; SORTS—Combing » 1 4 1 4' Clothing 1 4 1 4 LONDON POTATO, MONDAY.—These markets have been moderately supplied with Potatoes. The inquiry has been restricted: but Drices have been supported. English Shaws 120s. to ISOs. pet ton. English Shaws 120s. to ISOs. pet ton. English Regents 75s. to 110s. n Scotch Regents 75s. to 110s. „ Scotch Rocks 70s. to 75s. „ French 60s. to 70s. n French 60s. to 70s. It BIRMINGHAM HIDE AND SKIN MARKET, SATUILDAT- Hides: 951b. and upwards, 4#d. to Od. per lb; 851b. to 941b., 4jr<L to Od. per lb.; 751b. to 841b., 3Jd. to Od. per lb.; 651b. to 741bM Sid. to Od. per lb; 561b to 641b, 8|d. to Od per lb; 551bs and under, 8jd- to Od. per lb.; cows, Sid. to Od. per lb.; bulls, 8d. per lb.; flawed and irregular, BleL to õd. per lb.; horse, 7s. 6d. to 18s. 6d. each Calf: 171b. and upwards, 5d. per lb.; 121b. to 161b, 7Jd. per lb 01b. to 111b, 7jd. per tb.; liRht, 7id. per lb.; flawed and irregu isr. fim. pa M Wools, A1,8s. fkL; A, 6s. 6d.; B, Ss. Od. 11. M. .:C_