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FRIDAY. In the House of Lords the scheme devised by the Government for reorganizing the work of the judges was explained by the Lord Chancellor, and a Bill relating thereto was read a first time. In the House of Commons the Lord Advocate gave notice that on Thursday next he will introduce a Bill having reference to the tenure of land in Scotland. Mr Whalley made an attempt to elicit from the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he in- tends in the forthcoming budget to reduce the income tax, and make up the deficiency by increasing the property tax. Mr Lowe declined to answer the question on the ground that it would be premature to give any information upon the subject until the general financial statement for the year be submitted to the House. In reply to a question by Captain White, the Home Secretary stated that at no time during his imprisonment had corporal punishment been inflicted upon O'Donovan Rossa. TURNPIKE ACTS. Mr WHALLEY drew attention to the petition of the Wrexham Highway Board and Board of Guardians, against the reimposi- tion of the turnpike toll tax in that district; and with reference to the statement on the part of the Government, touching the necessity that required the introduction of the annual Continu- ance Bill, moved for a copy of any correspondence or other documents explanatory of the necessity for the annual Con- tinuance Bill, either generally as to all expired Turnpike Acts, or specially as to those relating to the Wrexham district. Mr OSBORNE MORGAN expressed a hope that the Government would see their way, if not during the present session, in some future session, and bring in a measure to abolish turnpike tolls. Mr KNATCHBULL-HUGESSEN said he was not at all inclined to underrate the importance of this subject, and he had shown his opinion of the matter by having brought in two Bills, as an in- dependent member, for the abolition of the turnpike system. That abolition was merely a question of time. He was glad to find that the people of North Wales were now willing to abolish turnpikes on the only condition on which they could be abolished, namely, that the expense of maintaining the roads should be defrayed out of the rates. The petition from the Highway Board at Wrexham afforded an instance of the vexatious nature of the system. But they had to deal, not with one isolated case, but with a variety of trusts. The Acts relating to about one-half the turnpike trusts had expired, and they were only kept up by an annual Continuance Bill. These trusts were divided into two sections—trusts out of debt and trusts in debt. Last year he moved the appointment of a Select Com- mittee, who recommended that the trusts out of debt, the Acts for which had expired, should be abolished. With regard to the trusts in debt, there was greater difficulty. Parliament, he apprehended, would consider it unjust to abolish the tolls as long as the bondholders were unpaid. He hoped to see a Bill brought in establishing a general system of road management, but no one connected with the Government had pledged him- self to bring in a Bill on the subject during the present session. The motion wasthen withdrawn. Mr Goschen rose in a House of less than a dozen members to ask leave to introduce a Bill to provide for the equal distribu- tion over the metropolis of a further portion of the charge for the relief of the poor. The right hon. gentleman narrated at some length the beneficial results which have already flowed from placmg the maintenance of children and lunatics, and the payment of the salaries of workhouse doctors in the metropolis upon the common fund; and, assuming that it was desirable to proceed a step further in the direction of equalization, stated that by this Bill he proposed to allow the authorities of each union to charge upon the common fund 3s. 6d. a week for the maintenance of every inmate of the workhouse. This would afford a great relief to poor unions, and would at the same time leave a margin of cost to be charged upon the rates of unions sufficient to stimulate the guardians to vigilance and economy in the admission of paupers to the House. There was no general discussion upon the Bill, and after a short conversation it was allowed to be brought in. Mr Plimsoll got leave to introduce a Bill to compel railway companies to provide footwarmers for first and second class passengers; and soon afterwards the House adjourned.





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