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ABERYSTWYTH. COUNTY COURT, FRIDAY and SATURDAY. Before Thomas Humphreys, Esq., Deputy-Judge. Richards v. Herbert—William Herbert was sued by John Richards to recover n3, the value of a stack of corn. £ 1010s. had been paid into court. Mr Hughes, who was for the plaintiff, said that both parties were farmers, and in October the plaintiff sold off his stock by auction the defendant buying a stack of corn for £ 13.—The defendant pleaded that he had been taken in, as the better part of the stack had not been through the machine. Three witnesses were called to prove the peculiar construction of the stack one of them putting £ 10 as a very high value, and smother valuing it at £ 7-The plamtiff saiS that he had no intention of selling the com, when he stacked it, and could prove that the stack was a good one, but unfor- tunately his witnesses were forty miles away. In answer to the Judge, he said that he was ayearly tenant, but had only a fortnight's notice to quit. His landlord wanted to sell the farm, and gave him £ 50 as a bonus to quit.—His Honour held that it was a clear case of fraud, and gave judgment for the amount which had been paid into court. -Mr Hughes asked for costs, but the judge declined to ATIQW Jones v. Manchester and Milford Railway Company.— William Jones, butcher and dealer, Tregaron, sued the Manchester and Milford Railway Company fo* the recovery of damages for injuries caused to pigs. Which had been delivered to defendants for carriage, lhfe damages were laid at £11, and. the flowing jury were empanneled to try the case Messrs Isaac Morgan, William Evans, Thomas Oliver (draper*, Thomas Thomas (painter), and James Jones, Llwynglas. Mr Crealock was for the plaintiff, and Mr David Lloyd, Lampeter, for the Railway Company. When the jury had been sworn, Mr Lloyd said that he objected to the jurisdiction of the Court I he action was brought against the ^Manchester and Milford Hailway Company, the ground of action being a question of the camagt of pigs from Lampeter to Pencader. The contract had been entered into at Lampeter, and the pigs were delivered at Pencader, both places being in the Carmarthen or Newcastle Elnlyn circuit. The question, howevei, "would be as to the residence of the defendants ■; did they reside or carry e» business in the Aberystwyth circu* and within tifae Jurisdiction of this court ? He 1 contended that they. did not, the directors resided in London, where the offices of the company were, and where the secretary lived. At Aberystwyth they hada joint station with the "Cambrian Railway, and an official to manage the traiftc. This he contended did not constitute a residence of the defendants. He quoted Shields v. G.N.R. Xftd Addison on the Law of Tdrt." He called Mr Edward Hamer, in support of the- fOA&L--In answer to Mr Crealock, Mr Hamer stated that at each station the head offices of the company were .Announced.—His Honour Saicl that he held with Mr Lloyd as to the juris- diction Of "fee court the case might M well have been brought in Zeotland.-Mr Crealock said that his client wasa podtman, and it was rather hard that he should be defeated napon a technical point of law. He suggested that the'f oint should be waived* but, Mr Lloyd declining acquiesce, the case w«ts struck out, and Mr Crealock sai he should commence proceedings de novo. Fear v. Manchester and Milford Railway Company.— ,I Frank Fear fishmonger, Aberystwyth, sued the Man- chests and Milford Railway Company for the recovery of 1-21 '18. the value of » cask of herrings. Mr Raven hill was for the plaintiff; the Railway Company were represented by Mr David Lloyd.—In December last the plaintiff sent a cask of salt herrings, "on spec. consigned to Mr Evan .'Davies, at Llanybyther, on the Manchester and Milford line of railway. The consignee declined to take the her- 'rings i*, because they had not been ordered, and the 'her- rings, being perishable goods, were sold by private auction for 10s.—Mr KaVenhUl contended that the plaintiff should have received nptiee that the goods were to be sold.—His Honour gaoe judgment for the defendants. Hughes v. Rogers.—This was a jury case, the plaintiff being Mr Richard Hughes, of the Globe Inn, Market- street, and the defendant, Mr J. W. Rogers, draper, Little Darkgate-street. Mr Atwood was for the plaintiff, Mr Crfalock tfor the defendant. The claim was for R-0, for electro plate and other articles detained by defendant. Mr Atwcuodsaid that in August, 1867, the plaintiff lent his sister, itrs Jones, who was then keeping the Globe, 2418 11a, to extricate her from pecuniary fetobarassment. This amount was secured by a bill of sale, dated August 23rd, Subsequently Mrs Jones married a Mr Newattj-^and two or three months ago, Mrs Newall, being pressecffcy creditors, applie«t-to-Mr Rogers for assistance, and pkSged with him the articles which formed the sub- ject of the present action, in consideration of a loanof a sum of money. The bill of sale was a genuine bill of ssle, and had formed the subject of enquiry at the Bank- ruptcy Court, Bristol, and also in this court, and its validity had been there established. The action was bronght for the recovery of the articles, which they were willing to receive back, but failing that they sued for the value of the articles.—Plaintiff, who is a joiner by trade, said that the articles were comprised in the bill of sale, and included the family bible, watches, a clock, weather- glass, concertina, draughtboard, pier glass, «ad various pieces ef furniture. He had demanded them from Mr Rogers, who refused to give them up unless the money, 217, was paid which he had advanced to Mrs Newall.— In cross-ex&miination b-, Mr Crealock, witness said that his sister was the widow of John Jones, son of the late Jólm Jones, <wetfechmaker. The father left A will disposing of his property, but witness knew nothing of the probate. Mr Cratlodk said that tifee will lay at <he root of the bill of saie, and he must apply for an adjcmrciment of the case for the production of a copy of the will. He had written to his proctors to procure a copy of the will from Doctors' 'Commons, but, unfortunately, they had sent down acopy of the will of another John Jones, watch- maker.— The case was adjourned, conditienally that at the next ooinit it -should be tried without a jury. Jowoasd Another v. K-Acebone and AnWher.-This was a jury case, in which Mr Crealock was for the plaintiffs, Richard and-John Jones, who sued Charles Kneebone and WillSam Mitchell to recover £ 40, due on'account of a sum of £ 70 payable for the saie of an interest in a take-note.— Mr Hughes was for the defendants, and pointed out that by the agreement- a man of the name of Thomas Pryce ought tt hare been joined as co-plaintiff, he being a co- partner in the agreement.—His Honour held with this, and Pryee declining to be made a eo-plaintiff, a nonsuit wacentered, Mr Crealock stating that he should bring the case undef the Equitable Jurisdiction Act. Williams v. James.-Griffith Williams, grocer, Goginan, sued Mr John James, of the New Railway Establishment, a shareholder in the Himant Mine, to .recover S3 7s. 7d., forymateri"nd goods- gwplied to the mine. Mr Atwood appeared for the defendant.—Mr John-gilvanus Williams, secretary of the Hirnant Mining Company, said that Mr James's name was on tite books of the company as a share- holder holding 136 shares. No agreement had been signed by ."Mr Jamas, but witness understood be was a contribu- tory. from ~a conversation he had with that gentleman. Witness's wife had paid the calls on behalf of Mr James's shares, to the amount of £ i> and more. -Mr Atwood handed a letter to witness, who admitted that it was in his hand- writing. The letter was dated November 24th, 1869, and admitted that Mr James's name had been entered upon the books Without any express authority irom that gentle- man.—Mr James said that he had never been a share- holder in the eompany. The secretary liad offered him some-shar-ea, and he said that if they wese very good he would considertthe matter. He heard nothing further about the matter until he received the summons from the County Court, .and, writing to the secretary about hip b £ ing a shareholder, received the reply which had been read. by -Mr Atwood. -His Honour said there must be a nonsuit, and allowed1 the eoste. Rowlands v. Richards. 88ault. 011 Saturday the Court was engaged for a long 4ime in hearing a case, in which Wm. Rowlands was the plaintiff, suing Edward Richards for £49 18s. 6d., damage for assault. A jury of three, of which Mr Cars well was the foreman, was sworn to-try the case. Mr Hughes wa# for the plamtiff, and Mr Atwood for the defendant.—The plaintiff is a cattle dealer living at'Cefnllwyd. In December last he met the de- fendant in Aberystwyth, and they started home together about nine o'clock at night. At Trefechan they made a short stay, and after leaving there and traveling for a minute or two, defendant, according to plaintiff's account, struck plaintiff a violent blow in the face; Plaintiff ran to a neighbouring farm called GwasWlin. A medical man was sent for next day and plaintiff remained under his hands for a 9fortnight. He was prevented from eing to England With some cattle, and estimated his loss, by being laid up inconsequence of the blow, at £ 49 18s. 6d.— Ann Richards, of -Gwasfelin faarm, said that the plaintiff,came to the farm with his face covered with blood. He re- mained there ail night, leaving between seven and eight o'clock next morning.—Dr Rowlands, surgeon, practising at Goginan, said that he was-called in to attend the plain- tiff onOthe mornillg of December 7th, twelve hours after the assault had been committed. He was lying in bed and bleeding from the nose, the bridge of which was fractured. There was a swelling about the right eye, which was bloodshot. Witness attended him for a fort- night, and his bill amounted to £6 10s, He had a violent headache, which might have resulted in inflammation of the brain. In cross-examination witness said be could Fnot say how the injury had been canted; by a blew, or by a fall against a hard.aubstance.-Dr Pughe, Aberdovey, F.R.C.S., said that theuncle of the jflaintiff came to him on the night of December 8th, and -at his request he vicited plaintiff the following morning. The bone of the nese appeared to be crushed, as from a blow. He com- plained of the head ache. It was possible, but hardly probable that the injury could have been caused by a faU. His charge for the visit was two guineas.—The defence was that the injury was the result of accident; that the plaintiff, who was drunk, had fallen when going home, and had thus damaged his nose. The defendant and other witnessas were called in support of this theor. -The jury found-for the defendant.
ABERDOVEY. A MODEL HUSBAND AND PARENT.—On Saturday, Evan Mills, labourer, Towyn, was brought before Mr Foalkes, charged by PYS. Roberts with desertion of family. The prisoner had left his wife and three children to their own resources since May 28th, allowing them to become charge- able upon the pariah. An expense of £7 7s. had thereby been incurred, and, as the prisoner could not refund this sum, he was sent to Dolgelley gaol for a month.
DOLGELLEY. THE MARRIAGE OF THE MISSES EDWARDS.—A hand- some lectern, intended as a memento of the recent mar- riage of the Misses Edwards, of Dolserau Hall, has, through the rector, the Rev. Evan Lewis, M.A., been presented to the parish churchy by Mr Chas. Edwards. The desk is of polished oak, and on the carved brass pedestal appears an inscription, setting forth why the pre- sentation has been made. AN INTERESTING PRESENTATION.-In one of our late impressions, a report appeared of the rejoicings, conse- quent upon the marriage of Miss Pahud, niece of Mr Edward Walker, .of Brynhyffryd, to Mr Thomas, Car- marthen. Miss Pahud had for y years been actively engaged in Sunday school work in this parish, and a sub- scription was set on foot amongst the scholars attending the Church Sunday schools, to present her with some token of the regard and esteem which her kindness and charity have won for her amongst all classes. The appeal was very liberally responded to, and a few days before her marriage Miss Pahud was made the recipient of a handsome despatch box and writing case, the gift of the Church Sunday school scholars. The presentation took place in the Grammar School, in the presence of a gre Ai number of the parishioners. Mrs Lewis, with a :ew graceful words, handed the gifts to Miss Pahud, arA as. sured her that she had the heartiest and most sincere wishes of her numerous friends for her future happiness and welfare. The Rev. D. L. Lloyd, curate If Dolgelley, and master of the Grammar School, in a potable speech, expressed the many obligations under wljjeh the heads of the Church Sunday school laboured, fr the zeal and de- votion with which Miss Pahud had talked her exertions in Sunday school work. A reply was made by Miss Pahud, and the proceeding terminated. THE GREEN.—It appears tj¡M; ikcommunication has been received by the present acting trustees of the Dolgelley Green from the Charity Commissioners, respecting an application which was. made in August last year for the appointment of addjtional trustees. It will be recollected that a public meeting was afterwards held in the town, at whichit was resolved that the names of additional gentlemen should be forwarded to the commissioners, and recom- mended to be added to the list. From the document now lying open to the inspection of the public at the office of Mr G. J. Williams, solicitor to the trustees, it will be seen that the townspeople have had their wishes met to some extent. The new trustees approved of are the fol- lowing—John Vaughan, Esq., of Nannau, Hugh John Reveley, Esq., of Brynygwin, Henry William St. Pierre Btinbury, C.B., of Abergwynant, the chairman of the Dolgelley Local Board, and the churchwardens of the pairish for the time being. The old trustees are R. Metedyth Richards, Esq., of Caerynwch, and the Rev. Evan Lewis, rector of Dolgelley. THE LATE CAPTAIN HALLOWES.-The will of Francis Hallowes, Esq., Commander R.N., late of GlapwellHall, Bolsover, Derbyshire, and formerly of Coed, near Dol- gelley, Merionethshire, was proved in London, on the 10th ult., by Mary Hallowes, the relict, the sole executor. The personalty was Sworn under £ 40,000. The will is dated 1862, and two codicils November 17 and 18, 1869 and the testator died December 1st, 1869. He leaves to his eldest son, the Rev. Brabazon Hallowes, M.A., vicar of Kilken, Flintshire, a legacy of C500, and all his free- hold estates, except his estate of Seizen Park, Wicklow, Ireland, which he leaves to his son Francis. He has made some specific as well as pecuniary legacies to mem- bers of his family. He leaves to his wife a life interest arising from the residue of his personal estate; and after her decease he directs that his personal estate be divided into five parts, leaving two parts between his two sons, Francis and William, and the remaining three parts amongst his daughters. He leaves to his wife the use of all his plate ana household furniture for her life, which, at her decease, will form part of his residuary estate.— Illustrated Lotidon News.—The deceased gentleman Was for many years manager of the National Provincial Bank; i in this town. COUNTY COURT, WEDNESDAY, Jan. 26th.-Before T. Humphreys, Esq., deputy judge. Number of plaints entered, 50; original judgment sum- monses, 7 adjourned commitment hearings, 12 original commitment hearing, 1. Most of the cases were disposed of by the-registrar, Mr Edward Walker, and of the re- mainder the following only appeared to create any interest in court- Dobie v. Aiton.-The Recent Aqteged Sheep StedMng.—Mr Wm. Aiton, of Corsygedol, was sued by his late shepherd for balance of wages due. Defendant paid B1 <68. 6d. into court, and proportionate costs, Mr D. Pugh for plaintiff. —Thomas Dobie said I was engaged as a shepherd to Mr Aiton about March last year, and I remained in his service until some time in November last, when I was taken at his instance before the magistrates. I was kept in- custody for a full week. The letter now produced was written by Mr Aiton, and dated 13th November, giving me one month's notim; and I claim for-Chat month, and also for some days' work which were then due for my wife and children, who were employed by him about the house. -Cross-examined 'by Mr Aiton I stated that I had a right to the carcases of dead sheep. I was engaged by Wm. Davidson, and ndt by Walter Davidson. I had letters from Walter, which I now produce. '[His Honour: Am I to read these letters ? YoU Will hafre to wait some time while I do so.] I was paid up to November 13th I was 'I taken into custody on that day, aÐd remained in custody until the 27th. In consequence >of the letter received by, me on the 27th to call upon you lor settlement, I called on Monday, the^Qth. You then iffered to pay my wages until the 19th, and also for my wife and children. I re- fused to aocept of that, because I wanted my month's wages, and my expenses baok to Scotland. You then asked me if I had letters from Walter Davidson, and should you see them I said I had net got them then. I remem- ber you said that it was strange that I made a claim upon the terms of Walter's letters, and would not show them to you. The reason I said that I had no time to go for them was that you had told me to leave the house at once, and I had a-cart ready then by the door to remove my things; and you had told me to go off the grounds as soon as pos- sible. I got employment afterwards on December 1st; I was promised a few days' work by the party who removed the turiiiture. Of the fortnight I worked seven ana a half days, Eot from Is. 3d. to Is. 6d. a day, and my food. The two letters now given me are also as far as I know in Walter Davidson's handwriting.—Mr Aiton: WiU your Honour read these letters. -The Judge: Why am I to raad them ? They are no evidence; you ought to know that.-Plaintiff I said before the magistrates that I had taken the carcases of dead sheep found on your land. You did ask me-some time at the latter end of the summer to bring my books to you. I cannot exactly remerifeer when, but the books were ekawn in October, I think, -and com- pared with other years I don't remember that you com- plained that I'haAnot saved more than five out -of forty- eight, but you showed me that sixteen died in one day the year before. I brought to you all that I found I could bleed, and all I found dead I used myself. I engaged an- other shepherd on the same terms as myself, and I told him that he was to get his share of the -dead -sheep like myself. -For the defence Wm. Kinnaird said.: I am in your (Mr Aiton's) employ as shepherd, and was. employed for you by Dobie by letter; that letter was burnt by my wife. I cannot say-how long before Dobie wasXtaken up, but it was about three weeks.—Mr Pugh interrupted, and said that defendant had no right to examine his witness upon the contents of a letter which was not produced.- Mr Aiton (sworn) said The plaintiff was as far-as I know engaged by Waiter Davidson, and according te my in. structions he had nothing to do with dead sheep. On two occasions I called his attention to the small number of sheep saved or Wed before death. In consequence of disagree- went between the two shepherds I was obliged to discharge one of them, and I -gave plaintiff a month's notice. In about a week after I found that he had a large qíiàintityof cured mutton in his -house, and I obtained a search warrant and found eight or iiiae carcases of sheep there. He was taken in custody, and remained there for a week, and the charge was dismissed 'by the Bench. I maintain under the circumstances that he has no right to claim except, far the time he worked with jAe. -Mr Pugh shortly replied, and remarked that it would have been monstrous if a master couM bring a trumpery charge of larceny against 'his ser- vant, and have him taken into custody, and .after "having done so plead that trumpery charge as an excuse for refusing to pay him his just and lawful wages.—Judgment for plaintiff for the whole amount, and costs, with imme- diate payment. Lloyd and JBuynpTuneys v. H. D. Pochin, Quay-strset, SalforU. An action to recover £ 1110s. due for-carriage of iron from Dolfrwynog mine to Bontnewydd station.—Mr G. J. Williams, for the defendant, admitted the cartiage of eleven tons, which he -was willing to pay.—William Lloyd said: I am a farmerliviii- at Blaenglyn, LlanfaQh- reth. I claim the amount ior the carriage of twenty-three tons of iron. I thought that we had carried mope. but we could only get an account of twenty-three tons at (the rail-, way station; and the maa Who had let us the contract (Robert Griffith) advised us to charge for twenty-three tons. There were two parties .carrying, and the railway^ people could not give us the aceount separately. I am certain we could not have carried less than twentyJfhree tons, because we carried twenty-one loads—and of those eleven were waggon-loads drawn iby three horses, and ten cart-loads drawn by two horses. Our agreement was at the rate of 10s. per ton, and to take the railway weight. The account erf the iron carried, which I now produce, was given me at Bontnewydd station. -Cross-examined I did not see the contents of these trucks .referred to in the ac- count produced loaded at Bontnewydd. The loads were not weighed there, as there is no weighing machine there. —Robert Griffith said I live at Hafodlas, and was en- gaged by Mr Pochin to look after the materials on the mine. I saw plaintiffs loading each load they carried, and the account given by them of those loads is mnwt; T cannot say what each load weighed. -M.r Williams pro- duced for the defence, a portfolio containing all the way- bills received by defendant from the railway company, from which it appeared that the account of iron received by him was twenty-five tons odd, and having reference to the demand made by the other party carrying iron also, he argued that plaintiff's share could not exceed the eleven tons fee offered to pay for.—William Lloyd But Mr Pochin himself admitted to me at the Ship Hotel, Dol- gelley, Hi August last, in the presence of Robert Griffith, that he had received fifty tons lit Manchester.—The Judge (to plaintiff): I will adjourn this to next court, and in the meantime you will do all you .cas to get a more correct account from the railway company and if you fail to do so come here to tell the Court.-To the defendant (the judge continued): I will not hear another word, Mr Wil- liams but I say that I am strongly of opinion that the Bjoney is due to plaintiff, although I am not satisfied with his accounts and it is my further belief that Mr Pochin is only trying to play one set of carriers against the other, in order not to pay either of them. David Jones find Co., Liverpool, v. Lewis Williams, Tailor, Llanymawddwy.—An action to recover the sum of 250 for goods sold and delivered.—Robert David Roberts, commercial traveller, represented the firm, and said De- fendant lived at Llanymawddwy when the goods were delivered, and I have the railway books to show that they were sent. I have also our day-books. The receipt signed as for goods sent in one case to Henry Williams should have been Lewis Williams, and he acknowledged to me personally that he had those goods. I saw him last about six weeks ago, and he then promised to pay me soon; that was before the summons was issued. The account produced is a copy of the day-book. We have abandoned the balance, and only sue him for £ 50.— Judgment for the amount, with costs, and immediate payment. All cases of commitment hearings, and also bankrupt- cies, were adjourned until next court-as it was now doubtful whether this court had now jurisdiction over them.
ARP,IRDOVEY.. SUDDziq D-Ell.A shocking case of sudden death purred b on Monday. A servant in the employ of the Rev. Jones, named Jane Davies, a native of Machy*rose early in the morning for the purpose of washi^ some clothes. In a short time, she was found tl.1"ln. d, the cause of death being heart disease. On the F AIDe day an inquest was held on the body by Mr Griffith Jottfes Williams, and a verdict in accordance with the medical evidence, was returned. The evidence was as followsMaiy Jones said I live at Glandovey Terrace. Deceased was in my service, and had been for five weeks. The last week she complained of pain in her chest, but did not describe the pain. She went to chapel twice yesterday, and last night, about a quarter of a mile dis- tant. She complained after walking home for a few minutes. There was no difficulty of breathing. She always walked slowly. She had some pepper in some water before she took her tea. She appeared better after- wards. I heard her moaning a little after three this morning. No one was in the same room with her. I went to her after she had taken some more of the pepper. When I saw her she looked as if in a fit. Her eyes seemed sunk in her head and her face pale. I ttied some cold water, but she did not take it. I found she was dead about six a.m. I went to Dr Lewis, but she was dead before he arrived. -John Pugh said I am a surgeon at Aberdovey. I have viewed the body of Jane Davies, and have also heard the evidence of the last witness. I am of opinion that deceased died of disease of the heart. CORWEN. PETTY SESSIONS, FRIDAY, the 28th ult.—Before the Rev. John Wynne, Captain Taylor, and W. Corbett Yale, Esq. Drunkenness. -Richard Davies, of Glyn Dyfrdwy, was charged by P.O. Roberts with being drunk, at Glyn Dyfrdwy, on the 1st ult.—A fine of 2s. 6d., and costs, was inflicted. Refusing to Pay Toll.-Robert Thomas, of Bala, was summoned at the instance of Margaret Hughes, toll collector, at Cilan Bar, for this offence.-Ordered to pay the costs in a fortnight's time. Illegal Claim jor Exemption of Toll.-Thomas Bodden, a farmer, in the neighbourhood of Llandrillo, was sum- moned at the instance of Margaret Hughes, the informant in the last case, for claiming exemption of toll while he was going on other business than those exempted in the Turnpike Act. Defendant asserted that he only took his horse to the smithy to be shod, while complainant said that he had been on other business, at Llandrillo Village.—The Bench considered the case proved, and fined defendant ls., and costs, and ordered him to pay the toll money. Illegal Hours.-Robert Hughes, of the Drovers' Arms, Llandrillo, was charged by P.C. Evans with having his house open and serving beer and liquor on Christmas Day, at illegal hours. Defendant showed that he had only friends in the house, who had been invited to tea, and that no beer or liquor was sold at illegal hours on that day.—Case dismissed. Butchers at Loggerheads.Eva.D Jones, of Cynwyd, butchfir, was charged by another butcher, David Roberts, of Llandrillo, with having embezzled 10s.his money. It appeared complainant had confided Evan with 20s. to pay for "stuff," to one Robert Morris, of Cynwyd; but Evan, taking advantage of the trust confided in him, only paid Morris 10s. out of it, and retained the other half. In defence Evan said that David and he were partners, and that he used to buy "stuff" for the firm, and on the day when he received the 20s., he had to go a journey to "buy "and was obliged to retain the 10s. for his "inci dentals," and had not the remotest intention of em- bezzling it. The man Morris corroborated Evan as to the contemplated journey, and keeping the 10s. towards the expense. The Bench ultimately dismissed the case.— There was another charge between the same parties, but it was not entered into. Larceny. Shatp Pi-actice. -Catherine Griffiths, alias Kitty Factory, of Cynwyd, was charged with stealing a parcel containing toys, from the shop of Mr Erasmus Edwards, of Corwen, on Wednesday last. It appeared that prisoner had gone into the shop, and when Mr Edwards had occasion to leave the shop for another part of the house, she managed to take off the shelf the box in question, and popped it under her shawl, and looked quite Unconcerned. Mrs Edwards, who had her sus- picions about prisoner, having lost a greait many articles from time to time, watched her this time, and saw all her manoeuvres—searched her, and found the box. Sergeant Williams was soon on the spot, and she was taken into custody. Prisoner preferred being tried summarily, and was sentenced to one month's hard labour. The Tramps Again.-The number of these walking gents had lately very much diminished, in consequence of the strict surveillance of the police in enforcing the Vagrancy Act, but they begin again to visit -our ctown and neighbourhood, and two of them were brought up to- day and charged with begging, by P.C. 'Roberts. One, whose name was Thomas Jones, was sentenced to one month's imprisonment, and the other, John Smith, to three weeks' hard labour. These were the first sessions at which Mr Yale took his seat on the bench since qualifying as magistrate for this county. RUABON. AN ASSOCIATION FOR SCHOOL TEACHERS. A meeting of schoolmasters from the neighbourhood of Ruabon, called for thepurpose of taking into considera- tion the advisability of forming an association for school- masters, was held in the National Schools, Ruabon, on Saturday last. The following were present:—Mr J. Archer, Penycae N.S., Mr A. Brown, Brymbo N.S., Mr W. G. Jones, Ruabon 7N. S., Mr E. H. Davies, Overton N.S., Mr W. Baker, RhosllaneroontgOg N.S., Mr 'J. Bond, Llangollen N.-R, Mr Coburn, Rhosymedre N.S., Mr T. Davies, Mineral N.S., Mr J. Parkinson, Pentre N.S., near Newbridge, Mr Haughton, Wrexham N.S., and Mr H. Roberts, Wrexham. Mr Haughton having been voted to the chair, a code of rules for the management and carrying on of an associa- tion was submitted by Mr W. G.'Jones to the meeting, and after some discussion adopted. The following is the basis of the intended -sssociation I.—That this association be calkid "the Denbighshire and Flintshire Church of England Sdhool Teachers^ Asso- ciation." II-—That the objects of this aisseciation are—(a) To bring together in closer bonds of sympathy and co-opera- tion the Church school teachers of -,the district; (b) the mutual benefit of. its onembers by thetaelivery of lectures, reading of papers, and discussion of ieducational and other topics connected with the interests <>f the scholastic pro- fession. III.-That the association shall -,consist of the clergy, and certificated ghool- teachers who.are members of the Church of England. IV.—That the.officers of the association consist of a president, vice-president, and secretary and a committee of nine members, any five of whom- shall form a quorum, all to be elected at the annual meeting. V.—That meetings of the association shall be held four times a year at -two-eclock,, at anyplace decided upon at the last meeting. VI.—That notices of motions, and reading of papers, shall be made known to the committee two weeks before the day of meeting. VII.—That a special meeting may at any time be called by the secretary at the request of the oommittee or through a requisition of-six members at least. Vrll.-T.hat eadh member pay, in advance, an annual subscription-af two shillings and sixpence. # IX.-Tha.t the admission dfliany member to this asso- ciation be proposed and seconded by two of the members. X.—1That all meetings be opened and-Closed with prayer from the liturgy of the-Uhurch of England. After the discussion of the rales it was arranged that circulars should be sent inviting the attendance of those likely to become members to the first animal meeting, to be held in Wrexham on Saturday, April 2nd, when the rules will be discussed and, if necessary, amended and finally adopted. The officers will then be appointed, and the association will proceed to the discus-don of educa- tional topics. The greatest unanimity piovcaled as to the proposal that an association should be formed, and it was stated that as far m-cotild-in so short a time be ascertained the clergy generally would support it. SHREWSBURY. SAD DEATH BY DROWNING. Considerable.excitement was caused in the Airbey Foregate and Coleham on Jan. 28th by the occurrence .of a melancholy accident to two boys named Bliss and Collier, the former, the son of a ..sawyer living in Ccdeham, the latter the son of one of the keepers at the County Lunatic AsyUiui. The unfortunate youths, with a njiojber of their companions, tempted by the apparent safety of the ice, ventured on the Abbey pool, a large sheet Of water much frequented by skaters in the winter. Unfortunately this iee, which ap- peared to be thick and safe, gave way, and the two boys were speedily under water. Efforts were at once made to save them, their cries for help being piteous in the ex- treme, and a ladder was obtained, which W5LR in the pool when a man named William Ebrey courageously went down 4t, and beneath the water to the depth of ten feet. The bodies had disappeared, but they were reeidvered, through Ebrey's heroic exertions as soon as possible, when one of them was found to be quite dead, the other having signs of vitality. The house surgeon to the Infirmary, who was on the flpot, assisted by Sergeant J. Davies, of the borough police force, adopted every available means to restore animation, but without effect. The scene on the banks of the pool was most heartrending. An inquiry was held into the circumstances at the Crown Inn, Cole- ham, on Friday ewening, before the borough coroner, Corbet Davies, Esq., when the above facts were detailed by a number of witnesses, and a verdict of accidentally drowned" was returned by the jury, who warmly com- plimented Ebrey on his heroic conduct, and subscribed a sovereign for him in acknowledgment of it. A GENTLEMAW CONVICTED OF AsSAULT.-Am amault case of more than usual interest came before the magis- trates on Feb. 28th. Herbert Pryce Jones, son of a gentle- men residing at Greenfields, near the town, was summoned for having on the previous Tuesday assaulted Robert Leslie. Mr C. Chandler appeared for the complainant; Mr Wm. Salt for the defendant. -Robert Leslie stated that he lived at Greenfields, and was an overlooker in the service of the Midland Waggon Company. On Tuesday, between 4 and 5 p.m., in going home from his work he crossed afield in the occupation of Mr Barter, which he was m the habit of doing with Mr Barber's knowl idge and con- sent. Defendant, who had a gun in his hand, crossed his path. Complainant said, Master Jones, are you aware that you are on trespass ?" Defendant walked on without halting, and then said, If you give me any of your in- solence I'll give you what foradding, If I had five minutes at you I'd give you what for." Complainant answered, "Oh, indeed, five minutes at me!" and then went on towards his home; defendant followed. Com- plainant then turned round and stood, and defendant went up to him and asked, Who authorised you to order me off the ground ?" Leslie replied that he knew Mr Barber had never given him (Mr Jones) permission. De- fendant then struck him a violent blow on the nose, which stunned him for a minute or two, when he said he would make defendant pay for that. Defendant thereupon put his gun down, and struck complainant with his two fists several times (his face bearing marks of severe illusage). He lost a good deal of blood he had done nothing to pro- voke Mr Jones; had never had a quarrel with him, and had said nothing offensive or abusive to him—nothing more than he had repeated to the Bench.—In cross- examination by Mr Salt, Leslie said he had frequently crossed that field, and had authority from Mr Barber to do so whenever he liked. He did not swear at defendant, or shake his fists in his face. He never offered to fight defendant; he had a dog with him, but he did not set it at him.—For the defence Mr Salt called Mr Richard Barber, the occupier of the field, who stated that Mr Jones and his family had the exclusive right of sporting over the land. He had never given complainant permis- sion to use the field, but he had no objection to his doing so—Miss Mary Pryce Jones, defendant's sister, stated that a little before five on Tuesday evening she was coming out of a cottage adjoining complainant's, when she heard voices in altercation in the adjoining field. She knew that one was her brother's voice, and she saw that Leslie was the other man. They were speaking in rather high words, which she could not distinguish, and then Leslie shook his fist in her brother's face. Upon that her brother said something which she could not hear, moved a few paces back, and then laid down his gun, after which he went up to complainant and they both fought. She was positive they both fought, but could not say which of the two struck first. They both took to fight, the one as much as the other. When it was over Leslie ran home, and her brother got quietly over the fence into the road.—The Bench, after a lengthy delibera- tion in private, fined the defendant 40s., and 10s. 6d. costs.—The adjudicating magistrates were J. Watts, J. Walton, T. Groves, and J. T. Nightingale, Esqrs. FORDEN. TESTIMONIAL TO A RAILWAY OFFICIAL. As soon as it became known that we were to lose the services of Mr E. Beedles, the late station-master, whose removal was necessitated by his appointment to a similar position at Buttington, it was at once determined to present him with some small testimonial in acknowledg- ment of the very efficient, as well as courteous manner in which he had discharged his official duties, both with reference to the railway company and the general public. Sufficient money was soon raised for the purpose required, and was expended in the purchase (at the establishment of Mr J. Evans, Welshpool) of a very handsome and service- able time-piece, which, together with a suitable address, was presented to him at a dinner at the Railway Tavern on Friday evening week. Between twenty and thirty of his friends sat down, under the presidency of Mr M. Williams Mr J. Jones (Nantcribba) very worthily filling the position of vice-chairman. Grace having been said, ample justice was soon done to the very excellent spread prepared and served up in firstrate style by Host and Hostebs Owen, to whom great praise is due for their liberal catering for the occasion. Upon the removal of the cloth, the CHAIRMAN gave the loyal toasts. Song, The Indian Weed," Mr W. Williams. The CHAIRMAN then gave the Army, Navy, Militia, Yeomanry, and Volunteers," coupling with the toast the name of Mr T. Bunner, as an ex-member of the Yeomanry. (Loud cheers.)—Mr T. BUNNER responded. Song, The Fishermen," Mr J. Pryce. Mr J. JONES begged to give the toast of the Bishop and Clergy of the Diocese," coupling it with the name of their esteemed vicar, the Rev. R. J. Harrison. (Lowd cheers.) He should call upon Mr Amos to respond. Mr AMOS, in answering to the call, said—I feel very sensible of the honour of being associated with so im- portant a toast, but must likewise confess that I feel perfectly inadequate to do full justice either to the toast or to the rev. gentleman whose name has been so suitably connected with it. To attempt to do the latter would be as vain as to "paint the lily," as every one present is fully as able, ana probably more able, to testify to his real worth, both as a pastor, landlord, magistrate, and neigh- bour than myself. I have, however, one duty to discharge with reference to the toast, that is, permission to convey the rev. gentleman's entire acquiescence in the object of our gathering this evening—(hear, hear) ^-as well as to express to Mr Beedles his cordial congratulations on his recent promotion, and to convey his best wishes for his future happiness. (Applause.) Song, "Let us help one another," Mi-Emmanuel. The CHAIRMAN again rose and said—Mr Vice-Chairman and gentlemen Doubtless you are as Well aware as I am myself of the object of our gathering this evening. It is true I am in part public property, though I cannot but think that I am occupying a position which would have; been more worthily filled by some one else—(no, no)- still I am very proud of the honour you have conferred upen me in asking me to preside. You all know that it is contrary to my usual habits to attend meetings of this kind, but justice to a friend and a neighbour induced me to depart from my usual course. (Hear, hear.) I have known Mr Beedles for a long time, and have always seen those things in him which I admire, viz., truth, honesty, and straightforwardness. (Cheers.) Before I sit down I beg to -call upon Mr Amos to read the address which has been prepared, -and ask Mr J. Evans to make the pre- sentation. Mr AMOS read the following address, after which the presentation was made Dear Sip,-Wie, your friends, neighbours, and fellow employes, take the present opportunity oi offering to you our most hearty con- gratulations upon your recent promotion, though not; unmingled with regret at your removal from amongst us. It has afforded us much satisfaction and pleasure to have witnessed the cour- teous bearing,* the obliging disposition, and uniform kindness of manner invariably manifested by you upon every occasion towards all whom either business or pleasure ^brought into contact with you in your position as station-master; at the same time rendering strict justice to the interests both of your em- ployers and the public, while in the discharge of your official duties. That you have earned a title to the confidence of the former is evident from your recent promotion. We are not the less willing to acknowledge and appreciate, however slightly, your services, and we should be sorry that either they or The old acquaintance be forgot, And never called to mind." We therefore ask your kind acceptance of thistimepiece, which we hope-you will value not so much for its intrinsic worth as from its being a small, but inadequate expression of the feelings of respect and, esteem which we entertain towards you person- ally. We hope that it will fulfil the twofold purpose of reminding you of the happy time spent amongst us, as well as prove an additional incentive to the profitable use of the time ■which may be granted to you in your fue. That success may crown your efforts in your new sphere of duty, that every blessing may rest upon you, as well as upon those that are most near and dear to you; and that we may all one day meet "where time- shall be no more," are the sincere prayers and hearty desires df your faithful friends and well-wishers, Fowlen, Jan. 1870. THE SUBSCRIBERS. A letter from H. D. Scholfield, Esq., was here read, expressing best wishes for Mr Beedles. The CHAIKMAH then said I now give, Long life, hap- ness, and prosperity to Mr and Mrs Beedles." (Three times three and musical honours.) Song, The Roast Beef of Old England." Mr BEEDLES (who was received with much applause) said—Mr Chairman and gentlemen: No doubt you natur- ally expect me to say something upon this occasion. I assure you I feel deeply thankful for your great kindness to- wards me-both as expressed in the address, as well as in the handsome present by which it was accompanied. I cannot find words to express sufficiently all that I feel, but I hope you "will believe that what I do say- comes from my heart. (Cheers..) It-is true that I had a somewhat difficult task to perform, having a duty both to my employers and the pnfelic. Mytask was, however, much lightened by the civility and kindness which I met with from those with whom I had >t« do. (Hear, hear.) If my pace was too quick in the eaarying out of my duties I hope this time- piece will serve to keep me in proper time. I again beg to thank you most heartily on behalf of Mrs Beedles and myself, and wish you all much happiness. (Cheers.) Song, The Hunters," Mr Meddins. Mr PRYCE then proposed very eulogistacally the health of Mr W. Williams, of Leighton. (Drunk with honours.) Mr WILLIAMS said—I am exceedingly obliged to Mr Pryee and the -company for so cordially drinking my health. I think we have done to-day no more than Mr Beedles deserved, and it affords me "much pleasure to be present. (Cheers.) I know more perhaps of the guest of the evening than many present, having had many trans- actions with him as a trader in "black diamonds" and "gold dust"—(laughter)— and I have always found his dealings characterized by the strictest accuracy and upright- ness. (Cheers.) I am sure that he must have profited by what he learned in school, viz., his duty towards God and his neighbour. I have the greatest pleasure in wish- in him success, and Long may he live, Happy may he be, Full of contentment, From misfortune free. (Loud cheers.) Song, Put your Shoulder to the Wheel." The CHAIRMAN then gave the health of Mr S. Jones, churchwarden, remarking that he was ever ready in any good work. (Very heartily received.) Mr JONES suitably responded. Song, The Curly Headed Boy." Mr T. WILLIAMS then proposed "The Committee," associating with it Mr James Evans, who had been the most active promoter. (Three times three.) Mr EVANS having responded, Mr J. JONES proposed in very laudatory terms the health of Mr and Miss Amos, wishing them long life and happiness. (Applause.) This toast having been suitably acknowledged, "The Host and Hostess," "The Chairman, and Vice-Chair- inan," and The Station Master," were then severally given and received most enthusiastically. These were sue- eeeded by others of a personal character, after which songs, &c., were given until the iron hand pointed to the small hours, when Our next Merry Meeting" was given, the very pleasant evening terminating by the singing of God Save the Queen."
LLANGOLLEN. AMATEUR CONCERT. —On Friday week a concert was fiven at the Assembly Rooms by the Llangollen Phil- armonic Society, conducted by Mr E. S. Jones, Eirianfa, and assisted by Messrs H. B. Morris, Rhyl, and Mr J. Martin, Manchester; Mr Fred. Owen (Alaw Maelor), acted as accompanist. The choir numbered above a hun- dred voices, and is a revival of the Philharmonic Society which Mr E. S. Jones conducted some twenty years ago. The pieces sung were mainly selected from the "Messiah," but in two or three instances Handel's work was de- parted from in favour of a piece by another great mas- ter. The music performed was all sacred. The first chorus was beautifully sung, and the careful arrangement of the tenor and alto voices testified to the audience that the entertainment would continue successful, as the great dearth in provincial choirs generally bears upon these voices. Mr James Martin next appeared in a solo, and was warmly received by his old friends. The aria, He shall feed his flock as a shepherd," was very feelingly given by Miss Morris, and was re-demanded. The chorus, For unto us a child is born," was delivered with great precision, the choir seeming to out,-or jaW the spirit of the anthem; an encore was warmly demanded. The trio, On Thee each living soul awaits," was given by Messrs James Jones, J. Martin, and Miss Morris. The three voices did not however seem well suited to one another, and Mr Jones's alto was scarcely heard by the greater part of the audience. The chorus, "Lift up your heads," which is perhaps one of the most stirring in the "Messiah," was very well rendered, and loudly recalled. The con- ductor, however, appealed to the audience to consider the length of the programme, and the encore was not com- plied with. Miss Morris and Mr Martin severally ap- peared in solos, and were each encored. The audience was thoroughly aroused by the appearance on the orchestra of Mrs Jones (wife of the Rev. H. Jones, M. A-) and of Mrs Edwards (wife of Mr Edwards, Chirk), who sang the duet, 0 lovely peace." These ladies were members of the Philharmonic Society at its commencement, and their re-appearance, after so many years have elapsed, was the signal for loud applause; an encore was not complied with. Mr James Jones was re-called in the aria, "Thou shalt dash them, &c. which he sang with great power. The Hallelujah" chorus was given with much more than average merit, and loudly applauded. The room was "crammed."
MACHYNLLETH. THE SANITARY STATE OF THE TOWN. At the adjourned meeting held on the 26th ult., at the Board Room of the Workhouse, there were present-the Rev. W. G. Davies, chairman, Mr E. Davies, deputy- chairman, Mr R. Gillart, Mr G. W. Griffiths, Mr John Owen, Mr John Davies, Mr Morris Davies, Mr John Davies, Mr Evan Jones, Mr W. Ryder, Mr Robert Roberts, and Mr Griffith Griffiths, guardians; Mr D. Howell, clerk; Mr C. F. Thruston, Mr Sackville Phelps, Mr E. Morgan, Mr Thos. Morgan, Mr J. O. Jones, Mr Strausbourg, Mr Richard Jones, Mr David Jones (Uni- corn), Rev. G. Griffiths, Rev. J. M. Jones, Mr David Owen; Dr Lloyd, and Dr Pryce. Mr Szlumper, of Aberystwyth, was also present. Mr HOWELL stated that in accordance with the resolu- tions agreed to at the last meeting, he had issued notices, warning owners and occupiers against permitting the ex- istence of nuisances, and also requesting applications to be made for an inspector of nuisances for the town and liberties of Machynlleth. He had received applications from Messrs Richard Williams, Robt. Edward Stephens, Lumley Williams (Tymawr, Eglwysfach), David James (Miners' Arms), Wm. Davies, cabinet-maker, John Owen, joiner, David Lloyd, and Edward Morgan, county court bailiff. It appearing that Mr Lumley Williams had filled the office temporarily upon a previous occasion, it was moved by Mr C. F. THRUSTON, and seconded by Mr EDWARD DAVIES, that Mr Lumley Williams be appointed inspector of nuisances for the town and liberties of Machynlleth, at a salary of £1 per week, the engagement to be terminable at a week's notice. Mr JOHN JoRES moved as an amendment, and it was seconded by Mr MORRIS DAVIES, that Mr David Lloyd be appointed. On being put to the vote, the amendment was lost. Mr GRIFFITHS proposed, and Mr GILLART seconded, the appointment of John Owen; this amendment also was lost. David Jones was next proposed by Mr JOHN DAVIES, but found no seconder: and Edwd. Morgan, proposed by Mr ROBT. ROBERTS, shared a similar fate. Mr Lumley Williams was thereupon appointed. On the motion of Mr GILLART, seconded by Mr GRIFFITHS, it was unanimously resolved that the salary be charged against the town and liberties of Machynlleth.' Mr E. DAVIES moved, and it was seconded by Mr GILLART, and carried unanimously, that Mr Szlumper be instructed to prepare a report upon the present drain- age of the town of Machynlleth, with recommendations as to improved drainage, and estimates of cost of the same, and to supply the Board of Guardians with sections and rough sketch plan upon which his report may be founded, and that his report also include the desirability of a supply of water for flushing purposes. The cost not to exceed 218." It was understood that the expense should be defrayed by voluntary subscription, and that when the works are constructed the sum of 218 is to be deducted from the usual commission of five per cent., assuming that Mr Szlumper should be hereafter employed. It was resolved that the inspector lay before the Guardians, at their next meeting, a list of those houses which are not provided with sufficient privy accommoda- tion, and give the names of landlords and tenants. COUNTY COURT, MONDAY.—Before Thomas Hum- phreys, Esq., Deputy-Judge. The cause list contained three adjourned hearings, ninety original hearings, seven commitment hearings, eleven adjourned commitment hearings, and one appli- cation in bankruptcy. Evans Vt Evans.—Robert Evans, a miner, was sued by Morris Evans, shopkeeper, Dylife, to recover £ 5 8s. 5a. for goods supplied. -The defendant appeared and admitted the debt, but asked for time to pay. He had been em- ployed at theDyforgwm mine, and jE9 10s. was owing to him by the agent—An order was made for JS1 per month. Holt v. Davits.-Mr Robert Holt, timber merchant, Rhiwlas, near Machynlleth, sued Mr William Henry Davies, Aberystwyth, for the recovery of 225, half a year's rent. Mr Davies admitted the debt, and pleaded a set-off of 211 3s. 9d., having paid the balance of 213 16s. 3d into court. Mr Davies was formerly a tenant of Rhiwlas, near this town, under a lease from his brother, the owner of the estate. In the course of last year the property was sold by auction, and purchased by Mr Holt. Mr Davies, for some time did not know that the estate had changed hands, and continued paying the rent half- yearly in advance. At the time he ceased his occupation of Rhiwlas, he left in the house a bookcase, some piping, roller blinds, and other articles, to which Mr Holt had taken as being owner's fixtures, and for their value the set- off was pleaded. His Honour held that the pipiing was a fixture, but that the bookcase and roller blinds were not. He allowed the deduction of jOl 7s. 9d. on account of in- come tax which had been paid by Mr Davies, on behalf of his brotherJ giving judgment for £ 9 16s., in addition to the amount paid into court. If the bookcase and blinds were not returned within a fortnight, the judgment would be for £"2 only. Evans v. Tama.-WiUiam James and Martha his wife, Tynycornel, were sued by Morgan Evans, to recover 29 17s., balance of account for wages due. The case was a very complicated one, and engaged the attention of the Court for a long time. The plaintiff, a labouring man, entered tha service of Mr Jenkins, who was the first husband of Mrs James, in 1861, and left in May, 1863. He received no portion of his wages. and the amount due to him when he left was £2Q. In May, 1864, he again entered Mr Jenkins's service, and received 25 10s. on account of the previous balance. He received various sums from Mr Jenkins, and claimed a balance due to him on the old accoant of L9 I7s.—Mr David Pugh, who appeared for the defendants, said that his clients had no desire to act unfairly towards the plaintiff, but they thought that the case required some explanation, and thus it was brought into court. An account book, shewing the transactions between Mr Jenkins and the plaintiff was handed in, from which it appeared that there was nothing due to the plaintiff.—Mrs James was called to prove that there had been an account of settlement, and that the present claim had not been preferred until a fortnight after her late husband's death, which occurred lastvear. —Mr David Evans, from the office of Messrs Howell and Morgan, said that* the estate of Mr Jenkins was wound up in that office, and that plaintiff had made no application as a crediWr.-His Honour said that it seemed utterly improbable that a man should work for the time that plaintiff had done, and receive no wages for four years, and until he returned to the old hiring. He also com- mented strongly upon the fact that the claim had not been sent in prior to Mr Jenkins's death. He gave judgment for the defendants. Before the Court rose, plaintiff returned and asked for a new trial. -His Honour said that he might have one upon giving the necessary notice, but advised him, if he was a sensible man, not to persevere with his intention, but to avoid further expense in connection with the matter. Peat v. The Cambrian Railways. -David Peat, Llanbryn- mair, sued the Cambrian Railways Company, for the re- covery of 21 9s. 9d., for damage caused to a crate of glass by the negligence of the company's servants. In December last the plaintiff received a crate of glass consigned from Liverpool, at owner's risk. He took the crate away from the railway goods yard, and paid the carriage 6s. 2d. In a day or two afterwards ne complained that a quantity of the glass had been broken, and instituted the present pro- ceedings. Mr George Dodwell, stationmaster at Llan- brynmair, and Mr George Thomas, the inspector of the eompany, appeared on behalf of the railway authorities, and invoices were put in, shewing that the crate had been consigned at owner's risk.—His Honour said that he had no alternative but to give judgment for the defendants, and at the same time, ne commented in strong terms upon some discrepancies in the evidence given by the plaintiff and that of Mr Dodwell. Costs were asked for and allowed. In re Owen Hughes, a Bankrupt.-On behalf of this bankrupt, a slate agent, living at Eglwys fach, Cardigan- shire, Mr David Pugh applied for an adjournment, which was granted and protection extended. c
On Thursday morning the stoker of a goods train, Thos. Powell, of the Moss, thought he heard a break down while the train was near Gresford, and proceeded to raise it. He slipped between the waggons, one of his legs was cut off, and he died at Chester Infirmary in the evening of the same day. HOLLOWAY'fl PILLS. -The Female's Friend.—The won- derful cures effected by these Pills have alone enabled them to withstand the keenest opposition for years. They are valued at the humblest hearths as well as in the houses of comfort and wealth. Holloway's Pills work a thorough purification of the whole system without disordering, weakening, or otherwise interfering with the natural action of any organ. They are admitted to be the best restorers of appetite, strength, and perfect health to the most delicate constitution. They give colour and fresh- ness to the face, and by their gentle alterative properties eradicate from the system the germs of complaints which, by the obstruction of humours, consign tens of thousands of females annually to an early grave, who might, by the use of these Pills, be spared to their families and friends. ADVICE TO MOl'HERS.-Are you broken of your rest by a sick child, suffering with the pain of cutting teeth; go at once to a chemist ana get a bottle of Mrs Winslow's Sooth- ing Syrup. It will relieve the poor sufferer immediately; it is perfectly harmless; it produces natural quiet sleep, by relieving the child from pain, and the little cherub awakes "as bright as a button." It has been long in use in America, and is highly recommended by medical men. It is very pleasant to take; it soothes the child; it softens the gums, allays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the best known remedy for dysentery and diarrhoea, whether arising from teething or other causes. Be sure and ask for Mrs Winslow's Soothing Syrup. No mother should be without it.—Sold by all Medicine Dealers at Is, lid. per bottle, London Depot, 205, (High Helborn,
-fTHE WELSH EDUCATION CONFERENCE…
f THE WELSH EDUCATION CONFERENCE ANIf THE RELIGIOUS DIFFICULTY. The Aberystwyth Conference has thrown some fresh light upon the religious difficulty" in connection with national education. It will strike everyone at once as remarkable, that perhaps the most religious" body of men in the world-using the word "religious" in its ordinary acceptation—have not only declared unhesitat- ingly against anything like denominational education, but almost turned the scale in favour of the absolute exclusion of the Bible from the national schools of the future. According to one account of the Conference, it was the voice of the Dissenting Ministers which decided that the Scriptures should not be used, and an accession of the local lay element which subsequently modified that deci- sion. However this may be, it is certain that the vote of the Dissenting Ministers of Wales has been given in favour of what is ordinarily called secular education. One of the conclusions arrived at by the Conference was adverse even to the proposal of the Birmingham League, to allow the use of school buildings for religious purposes out of school hours; and with regard to the reading of the Bible, the resolution eventually carried neither imposed nor forbade it. It is vain to hope that we shall hear no more nonsense talked about godless" opposition to religious education, because, unfortunately, no men are more given to the use of hard names, however undeserved, than those who imagine themselves to be particularly zealous in defence of Christianity. But the advocates of a purely secular system can, at any rate, afford to treat such easy arguments with profound complacency for the future, since the Welsh preachers, who are charged with many imaginary offences, but can never be accused by their most unscrupulous enemies of a want of religious zeal, have ranged themselves on the same side. The question which was argued, to some extent, at Aberyst- wyth, was, whether what is called "religious education" tends to promote religion, or to produce a very different result; and on this point two forcible arguments were employed by the advocates of a secular system. It was urged that unless religious teaching can be made entirely unsectarian—a somewhat difficult matter-it does an immense amount of injury by encouraging those unchar- itable feelings which separate the members of various denominations from one another, and are the scandal and the curse of the Christian Church. If that is true, there can be little doubt, we imagine, in the mind of any careful observer, that "religious education" does more harm than good. Sectarianism is the curse of our religious life in England, and it is intolerable that children should be educated by the State into bigoted churchmen or bigoted dissenters. In another column we quote the opinion of the Rev. R. TEMPLE on the'' religious question," and as' we have to refer to it to illustrate another point, it is onlyright to say here that Mr TEMPLE doubts whether it ever enters into the head of any child to think that because it has been at a church day school it ought to grow up a churchman." Of course the rev. gentleman has indefinitely better opportunities of judging than we have, and his opinion is entitled to very great weight, because it is the opinion not only of an exceedingly sensible but also of a thoroughly impartial mind. But then Mr TEMPLE also believes that religious teaching" is not likely to benefit the children permanently, because the necessarily hard way in which a [subject comes to be regarded by those who have been lectured and examined in it for years makes such a training by no means the best preparation for teaching young children to be God-fearing and good." This brings us into the second argument employed at Aberystwyth but before we leave the first it should be observed that Mr TEMPLE'S opinion of the sectarian result of "religious teaching" only goes as far as this, that, as a rule, there is no permanent result of a positive kind. If that is true, of course the religious difficulty would be solved at once by a very summary process; and if it is untrue, we must believe that the denominational system is answerable for a vast amount of the bigotry and narrowness of the "religious" world. It is difficult, indeed, what- ever the "religious" result may be, to resist the conclusion that as long as church boys" are educated by themselves, and "dissenting boys" by themselves, when they grow to be men the results of this mischievous separation will be only too apparent in the broad line of demarcation which separates churchmen from dissenters. But the second argument is the one which strikes most directly at the root of religious teaching," because, with regard to the first, it may be argued that such teaching can be made unsectarian. To the second argument, if it is founded in fact, there is no reply. Mr TEMPLE, in the passage which we have quoted, was only saying in other words what was subsequently said, perhaps in stronger terms, at Aberystwyth. Religious teaching,, it was urged at the Conference, iustead of promoting religion, positively tends to deaden the mind to those sacred impressions which might otherwise be produced by different agencies. Looking at the matter in one light, there is something almost repulsive, as well as absurd, in the idea of teaching religion, like grammar and geo- graphy, or drilling it into children like order and method. Religion, it cannot too often be repeated, is not what many people suppose, a thing apart from daily. life. It is, or ought to be, mixed up with every part of life, from child- hood to the grave, and when it is separated from that it becomes a mere superstition. But still, religion is so sacred a thing that ordinary teaching and drilling, unin- spired, as they too often must be, by anything like the enthusiasm of humanity," are far more likely to drive it away than encourage it in the mind of the pupil. Another question arises, however—whether, putting all thought of religion aside, the Bible should not be read as part of any complete secular system of primary education. And admitting the religious element again, for a moment, and looking at the matter as a whole, to select the Bible for exclusion, though there are many good reasons for doing so, is a measure which naturally gives rise to grave mis- giving, especially when it is remembered that a certain proportion of the children who would be compelled to attend a day school might come under no other educational influ- ence. The subject is surrounded by so many difficulties of various kinds, that we cannot wonder at the uncertainty which characterized the proceedings of the Conference on this point, or the apparent inconsistency of its conclusions. We have purposely referred in these remarks only to the somewhat novel aspects in which the religious question was placed at Aberystwyth, and omitted all reference to other and more prominent difficulties that are commonly urged—such as the argument that some ratepayers would object to the reading of the Bible, which is not a very strong reason, we imagine, for giving it up. It must not be supposed, either, that we are insensible to the force of the arguments which the advocates of "religious education" have to urge. Those arguments, and tha motives which generally give rise to them, should be treated with the greatest respect, and cannot be met as easily as some people appear to suppose; but it seems to us that the weight of advantage is decidedly in favour of secular education, with some element of doubt admitted as to the desirability of permitting the simple reading of the Bible. This, it should be added, was really the only matter in dispute at the large and truly representative Welsh Conference. The principle of compulsion, we are glad to say, was adopted with almost perfect unanimity, and of course denominationalism was entirely condemned. It is to be regretted, as a waste of power, that the Conference was unable to agree at once to work with the Birmingham League. The proposals of the League, drawn up with the view of meeting, as far as possible, the opinions of dif- ferent parties, were not radical enough for the Welsh edu- cationalists, who, though they certainly seem to have detected the weak points of the programme. Derhans make the mistake of supposing that a larger measure of reform can be carried than is feasible under present circumstances. In as far as the League gives place to the evil spirit of denominationalism, it is undoubtedly in the wrong but possibly that spirit cannot be exorcised all at once; and we hope our Welsh friends will remember that in great movements like this a considerable surrender of opinion is often necessary, in order that as large a force as possible may be arrayed against the common foe. The foe in this instance is ignorance, with its long train of attendant evils, and to vanquish it is an object worth all the sacrifice and self-surrender of which the best of men are capable. -Oswestry Advertiser,
REASONS FOR PREFERRING DR DE JONGH'S LIGHT-BROWN COD LIVER OIL.-On the important question of the right kind of Cod Liver Oil to be administered, Dr Edward Smith v F.R.S., many years one of the Physicians to the Brompton Hospital for Consumption, and now Medical Officer to the Poor Law Board of Great Britain, in his well-known treatise on Consumption," gives the following instructive information: "The quality of the Oil shouldbe regarded. We have been informed by a manufacturer of Cod Liver Oil that probably not one-tenth of the Oil which is sold is altogether derived from the liver of the Cod Fish. Hence we think it a great advantage that there is one kind of Cod Liver Oil which is universally admitted to be genuine— the Light-Brown Oil supplied by Dr de Jongh. It has long been our practice, wnen prescribing the Oil, to recom- mend this kind, since, amidst so much variety and uncertainty, we have confidence in its genuiness." Drde Jongh's Light-Brown Cod Liver Oil is sold only in capsuled imperial half-pints, 2s. 6d.; pints, 4s. 9d.; quarts, 9s.; labelled with his stamp and signature, without which none can possibly be genuine, by his sole consignees, Ansar, Harford, and Co., 77, Strand, London and re- spectable chemists, spectable chemists,