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Mr Leigh Murray, the actor, died suddenly last week. Mr Oliver Wendell Holmes is said to have a new volume nearly ready- A man has !been committed to take his trial for intimidating a witness at Middlesex sessions. Another new word-" suicided haa been introduced America. One of the Liverpool Guardians, Mr Glover, is trying tosprove that it is bad ibeer which, to a very large extent, renders people mad. It has been decided in the Liverpool police court that the owner of pledged goods destroyed by fire, they not being insured, cannot recover the value of them from the pawnbroker. A number of boys were sliding or skating a few days back on Lake Kunitz, near Leignitz, in Silesia, when the ice broke and sixteen fell into the water and were all drowned. A few nights ago, in London, a child fell out of its mcfter's arms, while she was asleep in bed, into a pail containing.a qaart of water, and was drowned. Sir W. Stirling Maxwell has declined the rectorship of the Aberdeen University, and-a fresh election will- be necessary. It is thought possible Mr Disraeli may be invited to stand. Garibaldi is at present suffering severely from his old enemy, rheumatism. He has been obliged to give up all correspondence, being unable even to sign his name and, confined to his bed room, he sees only the members of his own family. The first iron-clad vessel ever built in Turkey is nearly ready for leaving the slips. It is said that she has been built entirely at the expense of the Valide Sultana (the Sultan's mother), as a present to his Imperial Majesty. Mr Foster, a well-known banker of Cambridge, fell down dead in his bank the other day. On the fact being communicated to a woman named Rooke, it had such an effect upon her that she, too, fell down and instantly expired. The "Countess of Derwentwater's" bailiff has been appre- hended and bound over to keep the peace for threatening to sign the death-warrant" of Mr Grey, agent of the Greenwich Hospital Commissioners. Money has actually been paid over to the Countess for the of stock a few days since. It is very probable that the Red River rebellion will end with- out bloodshed. The New York correspondent of a London paper telegraphs that the rebel half-breeds have been persuaded to send a deputation to Ottawa in order to effect a peaceable settle- ment of the difficulty with the Canadian Government. In the course of his appeal last week against the judgment of the Divorce Court, the Rev. Mr Kelly said on one occasion his wife was actually reading a novel-(laughter)-and she a pro- fessing Christian. (Laughter.) No wonder Mrs Kelly finds her husband a difficult man to live with. Mr John Hardy, M.P., has been committed fortrial at Burton- on-Trent on a charge of libel against one of his tenants, an auctioneerl whom he had charged with gross fraud and extor- tion for giving evidence against him in a suit with another tenant. A new honour has been conferred upon Lord Lytton. He is made a K.G.C. of the revived' Order of St. Michael and St. George, in compliment, of course, to his services as Colonial Secretary during the Derby Government's tenure of power in 1858. At a meeting recently held at Edinburgh in support of the movement for conferring the franchise upon women who are householders, Mr Duncan M'Laren, Mr Jacob Bright, Pro- fessors Mason, Caldewood. and Lyon Playfair, and Sir D. Wed- derburn were amongst the speakers. A Bill on the subject is to be introduced next session. The discussion concerning the head-mastership of Rugby School is stated to have tranquilly ended. The masters will remain at their posts, and do their best, in conjunction with Mr Hayman, to maintain the traditions of the school. There is reason to believe that the good feeling which previously existed has been restored. The War Office has just given its sanction in conjunction with the Horse Guards to an entire change in most of the principal points of infantry drill, which is to be applied to the volunteer as well as to the regular service. It is said the new drill will tend to combine simplicity of movement with greater rapidity, so essentially required when the new breech-loading arm of the service is distributed generally. The Marseillaise" states that M. Ledru Rollin, who can now return with safety to France whenever he may be disposed, is to represent the Noir family at the trial of Prince Pierre Bonaparte. M. Ledru Rollin, however, announces that he must decline to act as counsel, on the ground that he would thereby recognize, by implication, the status of the Imperial Judges. The "Pall Mall Gazette" learns from Washington, on what it considers to be good authority, that President Grant and his en- tire Cabinet have decided that the honour of the United States demands the prompt conclusion of the purchase of St. Thomas, negotiated by Mr Seward, and that there is little doubt that Congress will earnestly be recommended to fonvard the sum originally named to Denmark without further delay. According to the correspondent of a London paper, the secre- tary of a reciprocity association recently wrote to Lord Derby, requesting him to attend a meeting in support of its object. His lordship replied that he could not attend, and, further, tliat he did not approve of the policy advocated by the association, and would not be a party to the reimposition of any of the im- port duties which had been repealed. Marshal Lopez seems determined to wear his enemies out. Instead of being a hopeless fugitive, as was reported from Itio do Janeiro and .Vlonte Video, he is again at bay. According to the news brought by the Cordillera, he has now an army of 20,000 men—5,000 Paraguayans and 15,000 Indians-and has taken up a p.osition in which it is impossible for the Brazilian army to at- tack him. An American paper says-Venry Seitz, a German boy, sixteen years old, visited the house of Mrs Wehowski, in Alleghany City, Pennsylvania, on Saturday, to solicit the company of a young lady to the skating park. She gave him no decided answer. He declared if she would not go he would shoot himself, flourishing a pistol at the time. Shortly afterwards the boy was found shot in the forehead. He died in a few hours. The inquest concerning the death of the two youths kiDed at the tire at a London colourman's the other day has resulted in the following verdict being returned" The jury find that the deaths were accidental; but they cannot separate without expressing an opinion that it is highly dangerous to work in such confined places with an open light, and think that a safety- lamp should be used in places containing materials of so com- bustible and inflammable a nature." The replies made to the inquiries of the North Riding Chamber of Agriculture, suggested by Government, as to the working of the Highway Act, are generally unfavourable to that measure. The returns of sixteen districts are to the effect that in the great majority of instances the roads under the new system are more costly and worse than before the board system giving the waywardens plenary powers, is approved of; and many parishes recommend the repeal of the Act, and a return to the old system. The men charged with being concerned in the roVcery from Earl Russell's are said to have been engaged in duping the public for some time past by an advertising scheme. An advertisement was inserted in Lloyd's" offering a premium of £ 300 for the adoption of a child. Hundreds ox letters were received in a few weeks at the residence of the prisoner Steel, Red Lion-street, Richmond, and it is known that many of the letters contained postage-stamps. One gentleman, who sent 10s. worth of stamps, applied for a warrant against the prisoners on Wednesday last week. It appears that about a score of young women have called at the scene of the Finsbury murder, and represented themselves to have been sisters of the unfortunate Cecilia Aldridge. It is almost unnecessary to say that the stories which they have told are fabrications intended to gather sympathy of a substantial character from the unsuspecting British public. Some of the tales were very ingeniously constructed, notably that of the girl who stated on Monday that she and her murdered sister were natives of Liverpool, and that although she was herself respect- able, she could not be held responsible for the path in life which the unhappy Cecilia had taken. The coroner's enquiry into the circumstances connected with the explosion at the Platts Bridge Colliery, near Wigan, when twenty-five men lost their lives, was concluded last week. The evidence pointed to the conclusion that there had been a sudden rush of gas into the workings, and that this was ignited by a shot fired at the time. The jury endorsed this view in their verdict, and found that no one was to blame for the calamity. Mr Higson, the Government inspector, intimated that it was his intention to issue a circular directing that no shots should be tired until the adjacent places had been thoroughly examined. The" Sentiuella Bresciana" narrates the following extraor- dinary incidentTwo children were amusing themselves by torturing a mouse which they had caught. They covered it with petroleum and set fire to it. The little animal in its fright fastened upon the leg of one of its tormentors, and the other in going to his brother's assistance was bitten in the hand. The cries of the boys attracted the attention of the mother, who sent for a doctor but notwithstanding his attention, they died in three days afterwards from the effects of the bites of their mad- dened victim." It is announced that preparations are being made at the Palace in Brussels for the reception of the English deputations of the municipalities who took part in the manifestations in favour of the King of the Belgians when he was in London. It is on Tuesday, the 1st of February, that the English committee which organized this manifestation is expected at Brussels, ac- companied by various local authorities, to present the King with a silver box containing the national address. The members of the committee, as well as all the magistrates accompanying them, will be received by the King; in presence of the Royal family, the Ministers, and Court dignitaries. The next day a ball will be given in their honour. Mr Lovibond, Mr Kinglake's agent, has obtained a mandamus from the Court of Queen's Bench, compelling the Election Com- missioners to grant the certificate which they had withheld, on the ground that he had not made a full disclosure of all the facts within his knowledge. The Lord Chief Justice, in deliver- ing judgment, expressed his opinion that Mr Lovibond was subjected by the Commissioners to a rigorous, inquisitorial, and almost oppressive examination, and that he had given proper answers to the questions put to him. The proceedings which had been commenced by the Attorney-General against Mr Lovibond will now be stayed. One of the speakers at the soiree of the Manchester Unitarian Home Missionary Board, last week, was Lady Bowring. Her ladyship asked permission of her husband, Sir John, who pre- sided, to address the meeting, for a thought had struck her, and she wished to speak it. Why, she asked, should not the Mission- ary Board open its doors to women? "I, for one," continued Lady Bowring, should be delighted to see such an opening. No one can feel the weaknesses and deficiencies of our sex more thau I do; but I say, let them have the same chances, and then if they fail, you may fairly blame them if they fall behind. I have now said my thought, and I have no more to say." Some time since several barrels of paraffin oil were washed ashore on the Galway coast, and the poor fishermen who seized and secreted them have paid a terrible price for what they con- sidered their good luck. In dividing the contents of one of the barrels a few weeks since, a fearful and fatal explosion ensued and a similar catastrophe, arising in precisely the same way, has just occurred at a place called Crcggan. About twenty persons met in a house to divide another barrel of the oil, and again a terrible explosion occurred. A young man, named King, was literally blown to peces; two others are believed to have re- ceived fatal injuries; while of the remainder not fewer than ten persons have been frightfully burnt. The village of Eastoft, in Lincolnshire, has been the scene of a shocking murder. A few evenings ago an altercation took place in a public house, between a young man named Brown and several Irishmen, one of whom, named Welsh, engaged in a scuffle outside with Brown. The latter was seen in a few minutes afterwards leaning in a, helpless state against a wall. and on being carried home it was discovered that he had been stabbed in three places. He died a few hours afterwards. The murderer was taken to the deceased man's house, and the brutal fellow burst out laughing on the body being bared before him. The coroner's jury have returned a verdict of "Wilful murder against Welsh. The President of the Poor-Law Board has made a handsome offer, in his private capacity, to the Emigration Society. In re- sponse to an appeal made to him, Mr Goschen says he will be happy to subscribe 10s. a head towards the expense of each emigrant sent out by the society this year, up to the number of 2,000 emigrants, "paying you, therefore." says the right hon. gentleman, "by results." He adds that he "has spoken to a friend who, he expects, will similarly subscribe 10s. a head for a further 2,000, so that zP2,000 for the emigration of 4,000 persons would be secured during the current year. Subscriptions on similar terms might, Mr Goschen thinks, be largely obtained for "people like to see their money utilised, and would contri- bute more largely the more they know that they are only paying for results." The Cabinet (says the Echo") met on Friday, and we believe were enabled to study, with a view to its improvement, printed copies of the Irish Land Bill. We said recently, that while something in the shape of fixity of tenure was the demand of a very formidabl e bulk of respectable opinion in Ireland, we believed it was the desire of the Government to conciliate this feeling, and now it seems that the awkward and somewhat absurd phrase, fixity of tenure," is to be commuted into the much better expression, "non-security of tenure." We venture to predict that while the Government measure will interfere with no rights of property, it will so far reverse the position of landlord and tenant as to indispose the former to evict the latter on grounds which have hitherto been not uncommon. Lord Derby must support such a Bill, for he has laid it down that every good tenant has a fair claim to a proper security of tenure. The Government have to take care that their measure is not I e.;s liberal than Lord Mayo's suppressed scheme, a copy of which, we understand, is still in Mr Diwaeli's possession. 1 » -■ < Mr Cardwell, the "Broad Arrow" believes, will probably adhere to his proposals as to a new scheme for the<volunte«r service ia the main. It is said that a daughter of Madame Lind-Goldmthmidt has a beautiful voice, which she is educating with a view to her pro- fessional appearance. The Court of Queen's Bench has decided that betting on com- mission is a contravention of the law, and affirmed-the conviction of a London commission agent named Wright. Sir Francis Lycett has retired from the contest in Southwark, leaving Sir Sydney Waterlow, Mr Odger, and Col. Beresford now in the field. It is positively stated that it is the intention of'the Postmaster- General to begin the transfer of the telegraphs on the morning of the 29th instant, and to complete the whole of the transfer by the 5th of next month. After a protracted struggle the revolutionary party in Hayti has attained complete ascendancy. The insurgent leader, Saget, has been declared provisional president, and Salnave, who made his escape to the woods, has been declared an outlaw. Mr Gladstone has issued an address to his supporters, strongly urging them to be in their places at the opening of the session, as matters of great public moment will be submitted to the House of Commons on a very early day. On Thursday week Mr Elliman, whde replying to a toast at a volunteer dinner at Slough, suddenly expired-it is supposed from heart disease. Mr Charsley, the coroner for Bucks, was so overcome by the occurrence that he went into a fit, which lasted for twenty minutes. Mr W. Williams, of the Boys' Refuge, 8, Great Queen-street, Holborn, appeals to 100,000 persons to give one shilling each in support of the admirable work carried on by the refuges for homeless and destitute children and the Chichester training ship, When the Rev. James Kelly had concluded his arguments before the Court of Appeal on the 21st, the judges, before calling upon the counsel for Mrs Kelly, adjourned the further hearing of the case until Wednesday, for the pir-noss of considering the documentary evidence which had beer put in. The death of Sir G. F. Seymour, Admiral ui the Fleet, is an- nounced. The deceased officer, who was in his 84th year, was the heir-presumptive to the Marquisate of Hertford. He entered the navy in 1799, was at the capture of Surinam, fought under Lord Nelson in the Victory, and was wounded in the battle of Si. Domingo, in 1806. Sir Fairfax Moresby now becomes Admiral of the Fleet. Prince Arthur arrived at Washington on Saturday evening, and took up his residence with the English minister, Mr Thornton. The prince excited no popular demonstrations either on his journey or at Washington, but it is stated that, on his re- turn to Canada, public receptions will be offered him at New York, Baltimore, and Philadelphia. On Saturday afternoon, at four o'clock, Mr R. C. Allen, a farmer, residing at Bucklesham, Suffolk, went into a sandpit in a field called Crag-pit-hill. He was accompanied by another farmer. The pit was twenty feet deep. All of a sudden the pit fell in, and both were buried beneath the sand. A number of men were set to work, and after digging for about thirty minutes, both the bodies were recovered, but life was quite extinct. The annual report of the New York public schools refers to matters which will be interesting in this country in connection with the present education controversy. During the last year the expenditure for these schools was something under £ 600.000, and the whole number of pupils taught was 230,000. This state- ment may help to a settlement of the disputed question as to the cost of the League scheme. In the New York schools the Bible, in the Protestant or Roman Catholic versions, is required to be read without note or comment. In an appeal case, respecting a vote claimed by a Wesleyan minister in respect of a minister's house provided for him, the case was struck out for special reasons, but Justice Willes said- It must not be supposed that^there is any doubt upon the law of the case. The law is clear. If the minister were bound and required to live in the house as part of his duty to his flock, he would have no vote, but if he were not required and bound to live in it, but only had the benefit of living in that house as part of his remuneration, then he would have a vote. The other judges concurred in this view. The Paris Correctional Tribunal of Police found M. Henri Rochefort, on Saturday, guilty of insulting, in the columns of the Marseillaise," the Emperor and other members of the Imperial family. He was sentenced to six months' imprison- ment, and also fined 3000f. Two other contributors to the "Marseillaise," MM. Dereuxe and Grousset, were for a similar offence to that of which M. Rochefort was convicted sentenced each to six months' imprisonment, and in addition were severally fined 500 francs and 2000 francs. A sad boat disaster has taken place on the Northumberland coast. Three men and a boy, belonging to the fishing village of Newbiggen, were on Wednesday week overtaken by a squall, dur- ing which their boat capsized. In a short time the boat righted itself, and the whole of the crew managed to get on board, but only to sit for hours up to their necks m water. Two men and the boy died from the intense cold, and the other man was at the point of death when he was picked up, but it is expected that he will recover. A question as to the'meaning of the word "counting house," in respect of a voting qualification, has been raised in the superior courts. The claimant occupied the first floor of a house as offices, the landlord paying all the rates. It was objected that the tenancy of the claimant was not sufficient to confer a vote, there being no such structural severance as would consti- tute his rooms a "counting house" within the meaning of the 3rd and 4th William IV., cap. 45; and, secondly, that the claim- ant w:; s not an occupier of premises legally liable to be rated, because he was an occupier of part of a house not structurally severed from the rest of the house. The Court, however, de- cided that such an occupation came within the meaning of the Act, and allowed the vote. A terrible instance of railway decapitation occurred on the Midland Railway o:i Thursday week, near Leicester. On the express train arriving at Trent Station, a man's cap, full of brains," was found on one of the steps of a carriage. About the same hour the driver of a Peterborough train arriving at Leicester Station, noticed a dead body lying on the six-foot." An alarm having been given, the body was removed, when it was found that the flanges of the carriages had decapitated the man at the chin. The deceased was a scarf weaver out of employment, and it is presumed that he committed suicide, as there was no public approach to the place where the body was found. In the Court of Common Pleas last week judgment was given in the case of the "Guardians of Mailing Union v. Graham." The defendant was sued upon a bond which he had given as surety for Mr Assiter, who was in April, 1865, appointed assist- ant overseer for the parish of West Mailing. In this capacity it was Mr Assiter's duty to collect rates, but subsequently he was appointed to the office of collector of rates. The question now was whether the second appointment vacated the first one, or so varied his duties that the defendant as surety would not be liable. The Lord Chief Justice said that in reference to the first appointment the parish were the employers and paymasters, and had power to dismiss; whilst as to the second, the guardians occupied the position of the parish. The duties of the two offices and the control over their performance were also different. In his opinion, Mr Assiter ceased to be assistant overseer when he received the appointment of collector of rates, and the lia- bility of the defendant as his surety in reference to the first office ceased also.-Judgment for the defendant. A discussion has taken place on the question whether death by decapitation is instantaneous, and the Globe" says:—" It is more than probable that the poor wretch sees, hears, and re- tains all the faculties of special sense in their acuteness for an awful moment of uncertain duration after his execution." The Daily News says :—" A French physician, Dr Pinel, has con- tributed to 'Le Gaulois' an opinion that after its separation from the body by the guillotine there still remains for about one hour a degree of consciousness' in the human head and brain, and that to this consciousness a period of two hours' insensibi- lity or inertia (which is not absolutely death) succeeds. If Dr Pinel had written vital action' instead of consciousness,' he might have startled the general reader less but perhaps he would have found more adherents among physiologists. Surely the loss of consciousness is caused by the shock off the falling knife, not by the loss of blood, as any gamekeeper who has knocked a rabbit on the neck can testify. Divide a frog in two with a sufficiently sharp instrument, and the vital action will be seen to continue in both the severed parts for some hours after the experiment. Snip a bee in two, and the one half of the bee will continue to fly and sting, the other half to bite. Eviscerate a frog, and the vital action of the creature will not be instantly suspended. Knock it on the head, and it will be without con- sciousness in a moment. We are not, of course, arguing the question physiologically, but simply stating the results of the commonest observation, which seem to controvert the theory that it is on the loss of blood, and not the shock, that the instant unconsciousness of a guillotined head depends." The speech of M. Thiers gave special interest to the debate in the French Legislative Chamber on Saturday upon the com- mercial treaties. As was anticipated, he made a forcible attack upon the commercial treaties, urging that, whilst they had been of no advantage to the French silk trade, they had been posi- tively injurious to the French cotton manufactures, which could not compete in cheapness with those of England and Switzer- land. He also asserted that the treaty with England had ruined one-fourth of the linen manufacturers of France, and had damaged the woollen trade of that country. He admitted that there had been an increase of trade in France, but this he attributed to "fifty years of general peace." He contended that the duties which he and those for whom he spoke asked the Government to impose on imported textile fabrics and woven foods were not prohibitory; they would not in fact fully protect 'rench manufacturers, as they would not altogether neutralise the local advantages of motive power possessed by English and Swiss firms. He eloquently eulogised England for her liberal institutions and generous hospitality to exiles, but thought that her prosperity was on a very insecure basis, as it depended upon the markets of her colonies and of the United States remaining open to her. France, he thought, could build her prosperity upon a much more solid basis than this country, if she would only retain possession of her home markets. At the close of M. Thiers's speech, which was much applauded by the Pro- tectionist deputies, the debate was adjourned until Monday. Notwithstanding the eloquence of M. Thiers, the Free Traders have so far had the best of the argument, and apparently are in the majority in the chambers.

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