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CLEANSING OF RIVERS. SIR,-I find in your last issue another letter from the pen of S. T., junior, M.C.E., &c., &c., commenting upon my letter which appeared in the Times of the 26th ult., on the above subject. His style of writing this time is truly bombastic. I hold, although hi3 letter is formidable, taking it for its length, that he has not satisfactorily rebutted any of the arguments I made use of, to prove that this town is not so dependent upon the mines as S. T. would have the public to understand. His vague asser- tions can never do away with the evidence of Mr Whalley, g'ven on oath before the Comirissioners, respecting the system of filtration accomplished at the Pantmawr mines, and besides, we can point to as scientific a person in this neighbourhood as S. T. himself, viz., Mr Graham Williams of Gloucester Hall, who is a warm advocate of the process of filtration. Mr Williams will, I believe, tell us that by erecting a certain number of slime pits to hold the water on its course from the mine, it will be effectively purified, so as not to poison the rivers when reached. Your readers will remember that I laid down two special arguments with a view of doing away with the idea that Aberystwyth benefited more from the mines than the visitors and agri- culturists of the country around, viz., that all our trades- people have lost the custom of the miners, owing to hosts of persons, dealing in almost every article'of goods, having sprung up on the mines and their vicinities, who get their goods direct from England, in order to enable them to sell with more profit than if they had purchased the same of the shopkeepers of this town. And the other argument was whether, in the depth of winter, when all the mines in the neighbourhood were flourishing, having sufficient water to work their wheels or during the summer months, when this town is thronged with visitors and the mines all at a stand, the tradesmen of this place are doing the best trade. My friend has not thought it proper to touch upon those vital points. And why! Because they are facts staring him in the face, and unanswerable But, he asks, Who are the visitors that come to Aber- ystwyth are.there any mining parties amongst them, with their families, friends, and relatives ? We may safely say I yes.' And who keeps the agriculturists around but the miners ?" Well this is again an unparalleled assumption on the part of my friend it is all nonsense. Why Aber- ystwyth would never realize a sufficient sum to provide meat for the cats of the place if it depended upon the mining families that are visiting the place. Mining families indeed They come to us, comparing their num- ber with other visitors, in proportion of a grain to the universe, or a drop to the ocean. Does my friend think that the few mining engineers, having the dashing M. C. E. appended to their names like himself, who dine on a market day at a few of our hotels, are the making of the town ? Because he tells us that of thirteen who dined one day at a certain hotel twelve of them belonged to the same profession as himself, and the remaining one was the land- lord of the house. Was it there, while arguing the scheme of purifying the rivers, having the assistance and support of the other eleven mining engineers, where they would count twelve to one on a division on the subject, and while doing justice to the champagne after the boiled beef, that my friend so humorously penned his letter ? I say again, if all the miners employed in the district, together with their captains and engineers, were to dine in town ever market- day all the year round, besides making small purchases of articles which could not be had of their shopkeepers at the mines, they would not after all bring in cash to this town much more than three or four thousand pounds. I again challenge my friend to prove that a sum exceeding that amount is spent in this town by the mines and miners. Where does the money that he dreams of come from ? And in what way ? It is certainly not the town of Aber- ystwyth that is reaping the benefit of the mines, but the villages and districts around them. After all it is far from my intention to ignore the mines. Of course the town is, and should be, very thankful for the little good it derives from the mining operations in the several neighbourhoods, but what should be made known is the fact that the town depends more upon the visitors and the agriculturists around than upon the mines, after the opening of so many shops of all descriptions at the mines or in the neigh- bourhood.—Yours, &c., Aberystwyth, Jan. 5,1870. AN OBSERVER. [This correspondence cannot be allowed to continue un- less some fresh facts or arguments have to be brought forward. Our correspondents must take a little more care too, to avoid personalities. —ED.]

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Family Notices

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