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TILL ■ ■■■■ — BALA. ALTERATION OF FAIR AND MARKET.—A special meet- ing of the Bala Local Board was held on Saturday, the 11th inst. Present: Messrs Richard Roberts (chairman), D. Morgan, Jacob Jones, and Dr Hughes.—The Clerk of the Board stated that the meeting was called to consider the desirability of altering the next Bala fair. Several farmers and tradesmen were anxious to have theBalafairs fixed for the 19th inst., held on Saturday next instead of Monday, as Corwen fair happen to be on Monday.—It was moved by Mr Jacob Jones, seconded by Mr D. Mor- fan, and carried, "That the next Bala fair be held on atnrday, the 18th inst., instead of Monday, the 20th; also that the market in the Christmas week be held on Friday instead of Saturday.—Upon the motion of Dr Hughes, seconded by Mr Morgan, it was resolved, That the above resolution be announced by the bellman, and that placards to the same effect be printed and circulated in the district."—Carried. PETTY SESSIONS, SATURDAY, Dec. 11,—Before J. Jones, 0. Richards, and W. P. Jones, Esq. Trespass in Pursuit of Game.—Humphrey Da vies v. John Jones.—The prisoner pleaded guilty.—Fined Is., and costs. Drunk and Riotous. P. C. Jones, of Llaadderfel, charged Peter Jones with committing this offence in Church-street, Llandderfel, on the 4th inst. He wanted to fight with the best Englishman that was in the village, and threatened to break the door of the Derfel Gadarn Inn (wherein we pre- sume the English were).—Fined 22, with costs, 7s. 6d.; in default, one month's imprisonment. Refusing to Quit.-The same officer charged David Cun- uingham with this offence. The prisoner pleaded guilty. -Fined 5s., and costs, 7s. 6d. -Another person named Peter Madryn, charged with the same offence by P.C. Jones, was fined 5s., and costs, 13s. 6d.
CORWEN. VAGRANCY.—Before Captain Taylor, on the 13th inst., two trampB giving their names as William Webb and John West, alias George West, were charged by Sergt. Wil- liams with begging on Sanday, the 12th inst., at the paiish of Gwycldtlwern. Webb was sent to Dolgelley gaol for fourteen days, and West for seven days. VAGRANCY.—At the Police-court, on the 10th inst., be- fore Captain Taylor, John Graham was brought up in custody and charged with begging in this district. He was sentenced to one morfths' imprisonment in the county ^*ST. JULIAN'S CHURCH.—During Advent, special even- ing services, commencing at seven o'clock, are held in the above church every Tuesday evening. The first was held last Tuesday week, when a very suitable sermon was greached by the Rev. Mr Owen, curate of Llandrillo, PENNY READINGS.—The second of these pleasant enter- tainments for this season came off on Thursday evening last, at the National Schoolrooms, when a well 'concerted programme was gone through. The Hon. C. H. Wynn nresidea BAFTIST MEETING.—On Tuesday and Wednesday, the 7th and 8th inst., the Baptists of this town held their quarterly meeting at their chapel here. There was a good attendance, and impressive sermons were delivered by the following ministers :-The Rev. Mr Morris, Cefn, Ruabon; Mr Edwards, Holywell; Mr Parry, Liverpool; Mr Mor- gan, Dolgelley; Mr Roberts, Rhos Mr Jones, Ruthin; and Mr Robinson, Llansilin. < PENNY LECTURE.—On Friday evening week the first'of this series of lectures, which, we are informed, are to "be continued throughout this winter, came off at the British Schoolrooms, the lecturer being the Rev, BE. C. Williams, Baptist minister, who selected for his subject, "The Hewspaper." He fully did justice to the subject, -and very ably showed the benefits of the Press. Several pieces ■were sung at the commencement and close of the meeting T)v Miss Sarah Jones, Miss E. Evans, Eryr Alwen, and a •company under the leadership of Mr Hugh Da,vies. Mr O. D. Hughes presided. There was a good attendance. The Welsh National Anthem terminated the proceedings. BAPTIST ASSOCIATION.—The half-yearly meeting of the Denbigh, Flint, and Merioneth Baptist Association was held at Corwen on Tuesday and Wednesday last week. On the first day a conference washeld at two p.m., airdseveral resolutions bearing on the present state of the denomina- tion and in favour of the "Eviction Fund" were passed, the churches being recommended to have collections in aid of the fund. Public services were held at six p.m., when the Revs. J. A. Morris, Cefn Mawr, and M. 'Edwards, Hslywcll, preached. At ten a.m. on Wednesday, sermons were delivered by the Revs. A. J. Parry, Liverpool, and H. Morgan, Dolgelley. At two p.m. the Rev. W. Roberts preached on the subject given by the associa- tion, viz., The all-sufficiency of Scripture as a rule of faith and practice." In the evening the services were held at the Wesleyan Chapel, Tcindly letit f-er the oc- casion, when sermons were preached by the Revs. E. Jones, Ruthin, and J. Robinson, Llansilin. The number of ministers and delegates present was over the average, and the congregations at the different services were very large. The hospitality of the Corwen friends deserves 5$WN AND MARKET HALL. — ADJOURNED PUBLIC MEETING. The adjourned public meeting in connection with 'the town and markethall question was held at the Court Room on Fxiday afternoon last. The Hon. C. H. Wynn presided and called the canvassers fer the several districts to give the result of their labour. They complained of their cool reception, particularly by some of the freeholders Of the town. The total shares taken only -,zmounted to £ 261. In the interim, since the last meeting, sketch plans hid been prepared by Mr Bowdler, of Shrewsbury, and were now laid before the meeting. One represented a fine substantial building suitable for Market Hall and Assembly Room, which would cost about £ 17000, and the other a kind of shed for the market, and convertible into :1. an Assembly Room, the cost of which wife estimated at between £ 300 and 02100. We hope that the freeholders who have not supported the movement as they might have done will soon see their error and grasp at this opportunity of benefiting themselves and their neighbours. A long discussion took place upon the kind of building -to be erected. j MrO. DAVJES HUGHES urged that the county building »bout being «rected for the justices' room, '&c., and the Town Hall aid Assembly Room should te combined in a substantial building worthy of the town, a sketch plan of which had been prepared by Mr Lloyd, of Plas-assa. The Hon. Mr WYNN said, from an observation by Col. "Tottenham he found that the justices would decide upon their plan at once, and if the townspeople came forward to support the project their plans should he submitted to the justices without delay. A time was given to them by -the justices, but it had now expired, and he thought their plans would be late and would not be estertained by them. Mr HUGHES-Surely the. justices would adjourn their -decision upon application to the Quarter Sessions, and would listen to the;-voice of the ratepayers of Corwen. I: A resolution to this effect was proposed by Mt HUGHES, land seconded by Mr JAMES. Mr ROBERTS, Bryn Britti, proposed an amendment, That we have nothing to do with the eouilty but adopt -the shed plan for the hall." He would have no hand in "promoting any other.Mr DAVIES, The Druid, seconded :the amendment. Mr HUGHES said he was not going to act as his friend, Mr'Roberts had said he would. He (Mr Hughes) wished -to Obtain two things, tiz., a Market Hall, and particularly an Assembly Room for public meetings, but nevertheless lie would say, if not both, be it one then. He was sure that when the observations of his friend were read by the many friends and acquaintances he had throughout Wales, they would be surprised *at his carelessness about an As- sembly Room. Mr Roberts always attended public meet- 1 ings at Corwen where he must have been often squeezed for room. Mr ROBERTS'S amendment was ultimately carried. During the meeting it was mentioned that the £ 100 be- queathed by the late Sir Egbert Vaughan, of Rhtig, had with interest accumulated to about 2150, but Mr Walter Jones argued that it was not applicable for this purpose. Several Y OICES-" Then when will it be applicable ? After a few further remarks the matter dropped. It will Be recollected that -the Hon. C. H. Wynn gives land for 4l»e building free of charge. This of itself is a fair and liberal start and can 'hardly have been properly considered by seme of the townspeople. The meeting was further adjourned for a fortnight, to allow further time for the canvassers to call upon every individual and get as large a number of shares as possible taken. Amongst those present we noticed the following: —The Hon. Chairman, Messrs W. 33. C. Jones, Moltby, W. Jones (Penybont). O. D. Hughes, E. James, Roberts §ryn Britti), Jones (London House), W. E. Williams altsterj, Jones (Maesdy), Davies (Trewyn), Jones aenog), Evans (Groeslwyd), Watkins (Treddol) Carruthers (Bryndu), Roberts (Tyfos), Jones (Feathers Inn), Llovd (Gwnodol), Roberts (Penycoed), E. Jones (Maesgwyn), T. Hughes, Hugh Jones (Pest-office), D. Foulkes, &c., &c. We are reliably'informed that further on in the evening a meeting of the principal shareholders was held, and it was, upon reflection, decided that the shed hall was inadequate for the town. Several parties expressed their willingness to double or treble their shares, if the building were made to consist of a market hall and an assembly room above it.
POETMADOC. PETTY SESSIONS, FRIDAY, Dec. IO.-Before J. Jones, Esq., Ynysgain, Owen Griffith, Esq., and G. H. Owen, Esq. Drunk and Incapable. -Edward Jones, of Fronoleu Prenteg, was charged by P.S. O. Price with being drunk and incapable in Chapel-street, Portmadoc, on the 11th of November last.—Defendant admitted the offence, and was fined Is., and 8s. 6d. cost, -The money was paid. Deserting a Vesgd.-Ellis Roberts, of Criccieth, was charged by Capt. Evan Roberts with deserting a certain vessel called the DanielMorris, atSt. Tudwell's Roads on the 8th of November last, contrary tothe Merchants' Shipping Act, without sufficient cause. -Evan Roberts, owner of the vessel, said it was perfectly seaworthy.—Defendant said that he could not trust himself with the vessel, as he had seen fire above the jibboom.—By the Bench I don't know where it came from, nor where the fire went. I can't trust myself with her.—Pierce Roberts said I made the articles produced, and saw Ellis Roberts signing them. This is his own writing, andhe signed it inmy presence.—In answer to the Bench, Captain Roberts said that defendant was the mate of the vessel, and had by deserting her when he did caused a delay in the voyage, as they had to find one to take his place. Not more than 10s. or 15s. was due to the defend&nt at the time. He had been with the vessel since April, and had been paid up tothe time he signed the articles for this voyage.—The Bench, consider- ing that he had done a very wrong act in deserting his vessel on such a poor excuse, said they could not do less than commit him to prison for fourteen days and order all money due to him to be forfeited. Cruelty to Animals.—Rowland Jones, of the Prince Llewelyn Inn, Beddgelert, was charged with this offence. -P.S. Price said: On the Oth of November last defendant was driving an omnibtt to the Port. One of the mares had bruises upon h or. I had noticed her several times before-on the tMih and 29th of October, and 23th of November aiM-and on these occasions I noticed bruises on her.. I had reported the case to the superintendent then. The animal was not in a fit state to be worked. Defendant said there was no harm whatever upon the ani- mal, And that he had the horses here to-day, and should like the Bench to examine them.—Fined 5s., and 10s. 6d. sosts this being the second offence proved against defend- ant within the last twelve months. Sheep Stealing. -Thomas Hughes, butcher, of Port- madoc, surrendered to his bail on this charge.-AirD. Pugh appeared for the prosecution, and Mr J. H. Jones for the prisoner.—Mr D. Pugh, having briefly stated the case, called Lewis Jones Lewis, who said I am a butcher living at Portmadoc. This day week, the 3rd of December, I had fifteen sheep on the Morfa grazing, thirteen of which I had purchased from Mr G. Price, Ty'nllidiart, Four Crosses, about a fortnight previ- ously. I brought those to Morfa on Thursday week last. I had some time ago, on more than one occasion, lost sheep from the Morfa.—Mr Jones protested against this answer being put on the depositions, as it was merely intended to prejudice the mind of the Bench.—Mr Pugh maintained that he had a perfect right to ask the question and have the answer down, as it showed the reason why a stricter watch than usual was kept by the prosecutor.—The Bench were of opinion the case should go on.—Prosecutor continued: In consequence of those losses, I was lately keeping a stricter watch over my sheep, and this is the reason they were turned to the Traeth, and not to another place. I had other places to keep them-at Wern. It was from the Peneyflog and the Inn Morfa that I lost the sheep before. On Saturday last I found I had lost two of my sheep from 'the Morfa, and these two were a part of the lot I had beught from Griffith Price. I went, after finding my loss, to prisoner's slaughter house and tried to get in, but it was locked. I saw a skin outside. I looked at it, and I thought I knew it, and went to the Morfa to make sure of it. Having seen the other sheep there, I was certain of the skin. I knew the ear mark. The skin is now in possession of the police. The ear mark on the skin produced has the same mark unless it is larger. After seeing the sheep in the Morfa, I was sure this skin belonged to one of the sheep I had from Griffith Price. I then went to P.S. Owen Price, and he went with me to the slaughter house. We found the prisoner outside the slaughter house, and this skin and another one were there. I believe I told him, You have killed my sheep, Thomas Hughes." He said, I believe I did, in mistake." He then said, 44 I have another -sheep, and I am not certain whom it belongs to," or some words to that effect. I saife, It belongs nothing to me." Previously to saying this, I noticed that a point of one ear had been cut off. I then left, and went away with the officer. We returned in about an hour or so. t then examined the ear of the sheep, and the officer drew my attention to the cut on the ear-it was fresh, but was not bleeding then. Blood began to run from it before I reached the police station. I then examined the ear marks, and I thought at the time it was one of the sheep I bought from Griffith Price, to the best of my knowledge. I can say now that if this ear had not been cut, it had all the same marks as those other sheep in the Morfa. The skin of the dead sheep was taken possession of by the police constable, and the live sheep is also in charge of the police. Prisoner had a ram and a lamb on the Morfa, on Friday, when I counted them; and this ram, to my knowledge, was dead in the slaughter house when I went there—the skin was there, however; and to my knowledge the lamb was on the Morfa on Mon- day last. To my knowledge, the prisoner had no other sheep on the Merfa on Friday, except the ram and lamb mentioned by me.—Cross-examined by Mr J. H. Jones The Morfa is a, very large place I cannot say how many acres. I have no right to turn sheep there, nor can I say that Thomas had either. Previously to this Friday, the prisoner had sheep on Traeth-yr-Inn. The space between the old Cob" and the Cambrian Railway is called Traeth- yr-Inn. To my knowledge, prisoner had no more sheep than the two mentioned. I cannot speak with respect to the beginning of the week, nor of the week previous. On Friday morning I failed to see any sheep belonging to prisoner -on the whole of the Traeth. I had lost five the latter end of this year besides these two. I lost one from Traeth-yr-Inn, which went with Thomas Hughes's sheep, and I never saw it since. I cannot say where they went with Thomas Hughes's sheep-thiswas some time before Michaelmas. I don't know that butchers in this town often kill sheep belonging to one another. I think John Thomas has done so sometimes-bz kills sheep for nearly all the butchers. I think he killed a sheep for Peter Pugh once which belonged to me. Prisoner showed me a live sheep in the slaughter house, and said he was afraid he had killed one of my sheep by mistake. When I saw the sheep I could not tell whose it was without examining the ear mark. 1 thought at the first sit was not mine. I know Thomas Hughes's family— he has two small children and a blind wife—he has a ser- vant girl also. I did not see any of them about when I went to his yard,—Re-examined by Mr Pugh: I had the fifteen sheep, of which I had lost these two, on the previous Wednesday night, and was therefore not quite so conversant with the ear mark as I should have been If I had had them for some time. Prisoner did not mention. about the sheep he had alive in the slaughter-house until after I had taxed him with stealing the one of which I had seen the skin. Although he sard he had killed one of my sheep, he did not give the o&eat up to me. I had seen prisoner in the market hall that morning before I went to the police officer, and I spoke to him. He did not then tell me he was afraid he had killed one of my sheep, nor that he had a sheep and was not sure to whom it belonged. This was after I saw the skin, and before I went to the policeman. I did not then say that I suspected any- thing.—By the Bench: I cannet say that prisoner had examined the skins before I had seen him m the Town Hall. I did not mention that I had seen the skin. as I wanted to know who was taking away my sheep, and I was too much afraid of him to tell him then. Prisoner did tell me on Friday evening that he was going to the Traeth for sheep, but I cannot say on my oath whether he did not ask me to accompany him or not. I will not -say that he did not ask me to go with him, but I don't think he did.—By Mr Pugh I --see the prisoner continu- ally in the course of the, day, and nearly every day, and it was not an unusual thing therefore for us to talk to- gether.—P.S. Owen Price having given evidence, Griffith Price said: I-live at Ty'nllidiart, Four Crosses, and am a farmer, and about a fortnight ago sold sheep to Lewis Jones Lewis. After examining this skin, I know that the ear marks on it are the same ear marks as the sheep had I sold to the prosecutor. With regard to the wool marks, they have been changed since I sold the sheep. The Spanish red colour has been added to the red lead mark. The ear mark of the live sheep produced is the same as mine, only that the point of one ear is cut off, and I be- lieve lately too. The ear was not cut when I sold the sheep. I took more notice of this sheep as the man who sold it to me wanted me to take it for a wether. I know some things without marks, for instance I know my wife so, but this sheep is marked. I quite believe that the point of the ear was not cut when I parted with it; I prefer not swearing that it was not cut then, but I believe it was not.-Mr Jones said there was no doubt the sheep were the property of prosecutor, but maintained that they were taken away by mistake, nor did be attempt to hide the skin of the sheep which he had killed. There was no Eroof that the ear mark and wool mark had been altered yprisoner,and it was unlikely he would: have altered them while his only defence was that he had iremovied the ani- mals by mistake. Mistakes of this kiad often occurred when different butchers kept sheep in the same place, and they could not be expected to be perfectly correct in their knowledge of the marks of sheep which were so often bought by them from various people, and there was no probability that arespectable man like prisoner would have wilfully committed such an offence.—Prisoner was com- mitted to take his trial on the charge at the next quarter sessions at Carnarvon, bail being accepted for his appear- ance, himself in 240, and Messrs John Morris, butcher, and William Timothy, sailmaker, in 220 each.
MACHYNLLETH. VAGABONDAGE.—A tramp, giving the name of John Leonard, was, on Monday, brought before the Rev. J. W. Kirkham, charged by P.C. Ashton with vagrancy. He was committed for twenty-one days.
LLANBRYNMAIR. v SAD CASE OF SUICIDE. On Saturday evening, the 4th instant, a man named James Jones, by occupation a miner, and living at Tyhir, in this parish, committed suicide by cutting his throat with a razor, in a most determined manner, causing almost instantaneous death. The deceased had a wife and seven 1 children, the eldest of whom is fourteen years of age. An inquest was held on the body on Monday, before D. R. Pughe, Esq., coroner, and a respectable jury, Mr Thomas Jarman, Ty-issa, being foreman. The evidence was as follows Martha JGnes said-I was the wife of the deceased; we have been married fourteen years. He has been very healthy always. Ten years ago he had something the matter with his neck-sore throat; he had been complain- ing for the last six weeks, and he kept his bed for part of that time. Dr Griffiths attended him. I saw him last alive on Saturday night. He had been complaining a nln good deal of his head on Saturday, and he had rather a wild look about him; he did not eat much that day, but he got up rather early-about eleven—and afterwards went about the house a good deal more than I had seen him do at all. He spoke very little to us, only answering when we asked him something. He went to bed about five o'clock, but came down again in a few minutes. About nine he took tea, and then got up from the table and walked a little about the house. A little after he asked me if I would come to bed. I said I should, after undressing the little girl. He walked about a little more, and then went upstairs before me, as I had not quite finished. I heard a noise upstairs, and went up, I found deceased lying on his face. I turned him up and saw the wound in his neck. I went and called my next-door neighbour and her son, and they came to me at once. The boy went for help, and his mother stopped with me there were only myself and six children in the house at the time. My eldest girl was with me the whole time. Nobody but David Edwards, my neighbour's son, came to see the de- ceased that afternoon. Martha Jones, a daughter of the deceased, gave similar evidence. David Edwards said-I have known the deceased four- teen or fifteen years. He was then a servant at Gwern- ffridd, and he has lived in this neighbourhood ever since. He worked lately in the mine, and I also worked there. Deceased had been ill for some time. I had been to see him on Saturday afternoon he seemed low, and looked rather fierce, looking down at the ground. I first turned in when going home from the mine, and I afterwards went there and stayed about a quarter of an hour. I did not see the deceased afterwards, till his wife called me and my mother, when my mother went to the house, and I went to Caegilbert to get some one else to help. Thomas Jones came with me, and we both went upstairs and found dc- ceased tfead, as we thought, but were not sure, We did not move him. We thought he drew one breath. We left him and went for some one else. His wife had moved him, but we did not touch him. We went up afterwards with some neighbours. The razor was found lying on his chest; it may have fallen there by his wife turning him at the first. Thomas Jones said—I live in the neighbourhood. I went up to the room with David Edwards, and found everything as he has described. Richard Griffiths said—I am a surgeon, practising at Cemmaes. My assistant and I have been attending J as. Jones for about six weeks. His illness began with a cold, then a slight fever. He got better in about three weeks. I saw him the week before last myself he then suffered from dyspepsia, which has a tendency to produce a melan- choly lowness of spirits. My assistant saw him last Thursday, when he was getting on well. I have no doubt but that he performed the deed under the influence of lowness of spirits. The wound was at least five inches long, and very deep. Death must have occurred in a few minates. The Coroner, in summing up, remarked that in cases of this nature they ought at once to acquaint a police-officer with the fact, and he thought them to blame for not having done so on Saturday night, when the sad event oc- curred. From the evidence it was very clear that this was a case of most determined suicide. Lowness of spirits might have had some effect in producing a state of mind necessary for such an awful deed, but there was not the slightest evidence to show that there was any insanity, so that he (the Coroner) had no hesitation in advising them to bring in a verdict of felo de se. The jury returned a unanimous verdict of Wilful suicide." The body was interred the same night, at nine p.m., the funeral procession being attended by upwards of two hundred of the miners employed in the mines of the locality. The body was interred in the grave yard of the parish church, without any religious service being per- formed over it.
DOLGELLEY. LECTURIC. -On Friday evening, the 10th inst., a lecture was delivered at Salem Chapel, in this town, by the Rev. W. D. Lewis, B.A., Oxon., on the "Land of Canaan," consisting of descriptions of what he saw during his travels in that interesting country. Large photographs were exhibited by him of many places of interest, and bottles containing water, taken by him from the Pool of Siloam, the River Jordan, and the Dead Sea. The attendance was very large, and the profits were devoted to the fmnds of the British School. The chair was taken by the Rev. William Thomas, Wesleyan minister; and the usual thanks at the close were proposed and seconded by the Rev. Samuel Roberts, M.A., and the Rev. Henry Morgan. PETTY SESSIONS, Dec. 14.—Before H. J. Reveley, Esq., and John Vaughan, Esq. Drunk and Biotous.-David Owen, master mariner, Llanelltyd, was charged with being drunk and riotous at Dolgelley on the 4th inst.-P.C. Phillips said I saw de- fendant between eleven and twelve o'clock at night on Saturday, the 4th inst., on the turnpike road, near the National School, very drunk and riotous, abusing every one who met him.—This being the first offence defendant was fined Is., and 10s. costs.—The money was paid. Assault.-Lewis Evans, smith, of the Caerynwch Smithy, was chargedaby Mr William Pugh, cattle dealer, Rhiwgoch, Trawsfynydd, with assaulting him on the 22nd of November.—Wm. Pugh said: I was at the Skinners' Arms in this town on the evening of the fair day, the 22nd ult., talking with some friends, when defendant came in, and without saying a word he struck me in the face. I got up to defend myself, and we had a struggle together. Defendant fell under me, and when on the floor he got my finger into his mouth, and he bit me severely.—David Jones, of Trawsfynydd, corroborated prosecutor in every particular.—Defendant denied being the aggressor, and said that he went into the Skinners' Arms on the evening in Question and saw William Pugh there drunk and being held by two persons, and that the moment he came near Pugh struck him in the face. He had no witnesses here, but there were several in the place who could testify that such was the fact.—The Bench offered to adjourn the case for a week, in order to give defendant time to summon witnesses on his behalf, provided he would undertake to pay the expenses of adjournment.—Defendant refusing to do this, he was fined 10s., and 17s. 6d. costs.—The money was paid.
PRESENTATION TO MR LEWIS WILLIAMS.
PRESENTATION TO MR LEWIS WILLIAMS. On the 3rd instant, Mr Lewis Williams, auctioneer, was made the recipient of a handsome testimonial, pre- sented to him by his fellow townsmen and by numerous friends in Bala and the county generally, as a mark of their esteem and respect, and as a memento of his mar- riage with Miss Eliza Roberts, of the Cross Keys Inn. The presentation, which consisted of a handsome set of cutlery and silvers, was made to Mr Lewis Williams, at the Cross Keys, in the presence of a large number of friends, the room being crowded to excess. Wine having been handed round, and mutual congratulations exchanged, Mr Wm. Jones, Eldon-square, was selected as the spokes man of the subscribers. Prior to the event of the evening, the usual toasts were duly proposed and hon- oured, "The Queen" being given from the chair, "The Prince and Princess of Wales' and the rest of the Royal family," by Mr W. Griffith, Glanavon Cottage; the clerical toast by Mr Evan Jones, Wnion View; the patriotic toast by Mr Robert Evans, Lion-street, and responded to by Messrs Edward Jones, R. O. Thomas (Brynrodyn), and Sergeant Lewis, M.R.V. To the toast of "The Town and Trade of Dolgelley," the respondents were Mr Wm. Jones, Lion-street, and Mr Edward Owen, Prince of Wales. The Chairman then proceeded to the toast of the evening, the health of Mr and Mrs Lewis Williams. He expressed the great pleasure he enjoyed in seeing so numerous an assembly of friends, met together to mark the esteem and regard in which Mr Lewis Williams was worthily held by the town, and to wish him God speed, every happiness, and good fortune in the future. As a very oli friend of Mr and Mrs Williams, the occa- sion afforded him peculiar pleasure, and he was specially delighted that he should have been selected as the repre- sentative of the subscribers in presenting to the newly- married couple this small token of regard, marking, as it did, that their many good deeds, kindly actions, and charity towards all men, were not wholly lost sight of, or unappreciated by their many friends and well-wishers. Amongst so many friends of Mr Lewis Williams, it was -unnecessary that he should enter into detail when the presentation was made, or eulogize Mr or Mr? Williams in any way. In the name of the stfbscribers he wished them long life, happiness, and prosperity.—Mr Lewis Williams, who was very cordially received, Said that words were inadequate to express his feelings and his thanks for the kind present which he had received. He was at a loss to know why he had thus been honoured. Their kindness to him and his wife would always be remembered. He was at a loss to express the mingled feelings of pride and pleasure which he felt in ha\ing thus been honoured, and he hoped that he should long continue to merit and enjoy the good esteem and kind .expressions of his fellow towns- men and his frfends at-"Bala. In thfe name of Mrs Williams, and on his own part, he beggetl to thank them most heartily and sinaerely for the great and unexpected mark of regard with which they had been pleased to present him, assuring them that it would he handed down as a most precious and valuable heirloom is the family, as a meinento.and remembrance of the. kindlyjfeelings which had at all times and upon all occasions been shown towards him by the people of Dolgelley and.Bla and the neighbourhood.—The health of Mrs Lewis Williams having been cordially dtunk, Ar Ieqwis Williams suitably responded, and proposed thp health i of thecojiimittee, coupling with the toast the names of Mr Edward Jones, Ship Hotel, treasurer, and Messrs William Griffith and Robert Evans, the hon. secretaries, who responded. The health of the chairman of the committee, Mr W. n. Williams (Springfield House), was neitt- given by Mr R. P. Thomas, and a number of personal toasts exhausted the list, and the company separted. after having enjoyed a very convivial evening. The testimonial took the form of a plate basket containing a handsome set of twelve pieces of the best cutlery and twenty-fow pieces of silver, «ach engraved with the initials L.E. W." in old English letters. The cutlery, made by Haywood, of Sheffield, was supplied by Mr Roberts, Bank Buildings, and the silvers, which weighed 44oz., were from the establishment of Messrs Elkington, London and Liverpool. The subscription list, made up of 130 subscribers, amounted to nearly. £ 30, the names including those of Mr Charles Edwards, Dolserau Mr Reveley, Brynygwyn; Mr Osmond Williams, Deu-1 draeth Castle; Mr BEowel Morgan, Hengwrt-txchaf; Mr, Hugh John Ellis Nanney, Mr Lewis Williams, Vronwnion; the Rev. Evan Lewis, rector of Dolgelley; the Rev. D. Lewis Lloyd; Mr Griffith Williams, Borthwnog, MrBreese, Portmadoc Mr John Jones, Brynadda Dr J. E. Jones, Brynfynnpn; Mr Thomas Roberts, C.E., Portmadoc; Dr Lloyd, Barmouth; Captain Martin Mr David Pngh; Mr Thos. Humphrey Will iams, Llwyn Dr Edward Jones Lieutenant Romer Williams, Dolmelynllyn; Mr Win. Roberts, Carnarvon Mr T. Ll. Ânwyl, Eryl Aran; Dr Owen Richards Mr John Jones, Frondderw Dr Williams, Bala Mr Edwd. J ones, Ship Hotel; Mr Whitehouse f Mr 1W. R. Williams, C.E., and Mrs Williams, Springfield House; Mr R. O. Anwyl, Brynygroes; Mr James B. Lloyd, Plasyndref; Mr Wm. Owens, Bala; Mr Wm. Jones, Bryn House; Mr Mortimer M. Maurice, Bala; Mr Lloyd, Bull Hotel; Capt. E. G.>Jones, Frohdderw; Mr Owen Thomas, governor of the county gaol; Mr Pugh, N. P. Bank, Dolgelley; Capt. Ellis, Henblas, Bala; Mr D. Evans, Plascoch, &c., &c.
ABE, RDOVEY. EXTENSIVE THIEVING.—At Aberdovey Police-stationj on the 14th, Edward Jones, a tramp, was brought before John Pughe, Esq., charged with stealing an overcoat, the property of Lewis Pugh and also eight pieces of cloth from the shop of Mr Davies, Bryncrug, near Towyn, on the night of the 26th of October.—Lewis. Pugh said: I am a shepherd, and reside at Tymawr, near Towyn, in this county. On the 26th of October last I was working near the house, and I put my coat on a nail in the barn, and left it there, about four o'clock in the afternoon. I went to the barn the next morning about nine o'clock, and found that my coat was missing. I im- mediately gave information to the police. There was a pair of gloves in one of the pockets of the coat. The coat and the pair of gloves now produced are those which I lost -John Lewis: I am a police-constable stationed at Welshpool, in the county of Montgomery. On the morn- ing of the 8th of December inst., I found the prisoner lying in the straw in an outbuilding near Llanfair-Caer- einion. He wore the coat which I now produce the pair of gloves were in one of the pockets. I took him into custody on suspicion of having stolen them and other property which I found upon him. He told me that he bought the coat from a tramp about six weeks ago.—The prisoner, when asked whether he wished to say anything in answer to the charge, said, I have nothing to say at present."—Edward Davies I live at Bryncrug, in the parish of Towyn, and am a draper and grocer. I am in partnership with my mother, Dorothy Davies. I left the shop on the night of the 26th of October last, about nine o'clock, I left my brother David in the shop, The j I shutters were closed, but I believe the shop door was not closed. I was out about half an hour, and when I returned I found my brother in the kitchen. About half-past ten o'clock he went to bed. I was the last going to bed that night. There is a door leading to the kitchen from the shop this door is locked at night. I went to the shop the next morning about seven o'clock, and discovered that a cotton sheet was missing. I suspected that part of a pile of woollen cloths which was on the counter was missing. I had occasion to go away from home that morning. On starting from the house towards Towyn, I had to pass the door of our warehouse, which adjoins our shop and dwelling-house. I found the door of the warehouse partly open. There is an immediate communication between the warehouse and the shop by means of stairs. I went through the ware- house into the shop. I searched the shop, but could not exactly remember what was missing, although I suspected that some pieces of woollen cloth were missing. I left home that day, and returned the next morning, being the 28th of October last. I again searched the shop and dis- covered that a piece of Venetian cloth (about four and a half yards) and a piece of fancy coating (about 11 yard) were missing. I strongly suspected that several other pieces of oloth were missing, but could not remember what they were. I gave information to the police, with a description of the cloths and the lengths thereof. The articles now produced are the property of my mother and myself. The value of the whole of the stolen property now produced is about 27 10s. or £ 8.—P.C. John Lewis again proved the apprehension of the prisoner.—P.S. Thos. Roberts said I went to Montgomery Gaol, where the prisoner was de. livered into my custody. I cautioned him, and charged him with breaking into Mr Davies's shop. He said, It is no breaking, if the man is foolish enough to have his door open. I call it giving it away."—The prisoner was committed for trial on both charges.
BARMOUTH. MEDICAL.—We for3 pleased to notice "lat our townsman") Mr David Wolsley Scott, of the Medical Hall, has obtain- ed a first-class certificate in chemistry, at the University of Glasgow, and has also been appointed a member of the Medical Society. WEDDING.—On Tuesday last a wedding was celebrated at Llanaber Church between the Rev. Owen Wynn Jones (Glasynys) and Mrs Jones, Barmouth. The wedding party started from the Barmouth Hotel in two close carriages for the parish church, and after the celebration partook of a d^jeflner at the hotel. The tables were laid out with admirable taste, and comprised all the delicacies of the season. The happy pair left per rail the same evening en route for the south.
NEWTOWN. ON SUSPICION.—Richard Harding, a labourer, living near the Llanidloes Road turnpike gate, was on Tuesday brought before Major Drew and R. E. Jones, Esq., charged with hawking cigars without a licence. The prisoner offered two boxes of cigars on the previousday to Mr Jarman, the Station Inn. Sergt. Ross said that the police had suspicions that the cigars were stolen, and asked for a remand for three days. P HER MAJESTY AND WELSH MANUFACTURES.—A ROYAL ORDER AT NEWTOWN.—On Monday, a royal order for the supply of Welsh flannels for the Christmas charities at Windsor, was received by Mr Pryce Jones, of the Royal Welsh warehouse in this town. The order, dated Windsor Castle, Dec. 13, was forwarded by Lady Caroline Bar- rington, the companion of the Princess Beatrice, who, on behalf of her Majesty, expressed the satisfaction which Mr Pryce Jones had given in his execution of previous royal orders, and contained the request that a quantity of flannel of Welsh manufacture for her Majesty's private use, and also for the purposes of the royal charities at Windsor and the other royal residences, should be for- warded to the Castle in time for the Christmas distribu- tion of her Majesty's bounty. The order, which was greatly in excess of those which have been given in pre- vious years, was accompanied by a second order in her Majesty's handwriting. This is the fourth successive Christmas order with which Mr Pryce Jones has been honoured by royalty, evincing thus her Majesty's interest in the manufactures of the Principality, and marking the business tact, energy, and enterprise of the proprietor of the Royal Welsh warehouse. On the receipt of the order, the church bells rang out a merry peal, the royal ensign was hoisted from Mr Pryce Jones's establishment, and at dusk the royal arms which surmount the shop were bril- liantly illuminated. This year Mr Pryce Jones has had the honour of supplying goods for the charities of H.R.H. the Princess of Wales, the Princess Christian, the Duchess of Athole, the Marchioness of Westminster, the Marchioness of Exeter, the Duchess of Sutherland, the Duchess of Northumberland, the Marchioness of Down- shire, the Countess of Derby, the Countess Vane, Vis- countess Hill, Lady Combermere, Lady Wynn, and others of the nobility and gentry, as well as mahy charitable in- stitutions in all parts of the United Kingdom and the Colonies. SHOCKING SUICIDE AT TREGYNOK.—On the 10th an inquest was held by Mr Edward Hall, at the Woodcock Inn, Manafon, upon the body of Edward Gittins, who hung himself on the previous Wednesday.—Margaret Gittins, the wife Of the deceased, said that she lived at Talwyraey, in the parish of Tregynon. The deceased had suffered from asthma for many years, anddn May last he appeared to be in a very strange way, quite different from his usual manner, not appearing to take any interest in his business, or in any of the affairs of the family. He slept but little at night, and would get out of bed, and walk about the room. He did not complain of there being anything to trouble him, nor did the witness know of any circum- stance which was likely to disturb him. She repeatedly pressed him to have some medical advice, and in October she called in the assistance of Mr Edward Hall an Mr E. M. Pryce, surgeons, Newtown. After that he husband appeared to be more tranquil and composed, more, and slept better at nights. During the last two months he laboured under a mistaken impression that his wife used to give him laudanum, but she never gave him any medicine except such as was ordered by his medical attendants. On Tuesday his wife attended New- town market, and returned home about 10.30. She found the deceased quite well, .and he partook of supper with her, and they remained up, chatting together, until nearly 'two o'clock. At eight o'clock next morning the deceased arose and tried to light the fire, but failed, the matches falling out of his hands. His wife got up, lit the :fire, and went for some water, and, returning, foiled her husband standing near the stable door. This was the last time he was seen alive. Finding that he did not return to breakfast her fears became excited, aDd opening the door of the lower bay of the stable, she was horrified to see the deceased hanging from a beam, with his legs, resting against a heap of hay. She hastily climbed the ffjflft c £ the hay, and endeavoured to support him, but failed, as she could only reach his back. Calling loudly fer cej her ories were heard by a man named Wm. Edwards, of Dolgar, who, coming into the stable, cut the cord by which the deceased was suspended from the beam. WM quite lifeless.—A verdict of death by hanging, when in an unsound state of mind, was returned.! PETTY SESSIONS, Due. 8TH.—Before J. P. Drew, Esq., R. E. Jones, Esq., and John Stephens, Esq. Trespass. —Edward George, John Jones, Edward Owen, and Richard Jones, were summoned by Stephen Jones for trespass, on November 14th.— P.C. Brown said that he saw the complainant running the defendants off his ground, which adjoins the canal. -Fined Is., each, aad costs.* r Dmielmitem. -Ebenezer Dkviei6 for being drunk on November 24fch, was summoned by P.C. Brown, land fined 2s. 6d., and costs.—Richard Thomas was summoned by P.S. Ross for drunkenness on the night of November 20th. Fined Ss., and costs. Desertion of Service.-Richard Evans was suaamonedby William Pryce, Tregynon, for desertion of service. The defendant was engaged as waggoner until the end of May, and on the morning of November 12th he left the service ¡ without giving the least intimation to his, master. A fine of 10s., and costs, was inflicted. Robberies by Tran?,ps,. James Bijerley, alias Edward Hunt, a tramp, was charged on remand with stealing a hat belonging to Mr Richard Parry, draper, Broad-street. On the night of November llth, the prisoner was observed by Mr Mortis, builder, to take a hat from the door oHSfr Parry's shop. He gave information of the robbery to the prosecutor, who followed and apprehended the prisoner. The prisoner pleaded that he had taken it to get a night's lodging. Committed to the Quarter Sessions.—George Wilson, tramp, was charged with stealing a pair of boots b«lotlging to Richard Williams, butcher. The boots were missing from the kitchen of the prosecutor, and found in the possession of the prisoner near Welshpool, _by Inspector Davies. Committeafor trial.
CAERSWS. SUDDEK DEATH.—On the 9th, an inquest was held at the Stone Factory before Dr Hall, upon the body of Edward Edwards, who died suddenly on the previous Tuesday.—Mary Edwards, wife of a nephew of the deceased, said that the deceased had resided with her husband for about twelve months. About a week previously to his death he complained of a pain,in his stomach, and witness gave him some gin, which rteBtifed him. He Went out daily up to the time of his death, but complained of the pain in his stomach. On the day of his death he partook of his usual meals, and was sitting in his chair near the fire, when he fell on his right side on the flags, and contused his cheek. He never spoke after the fall, and died in about five minutes. Richard Morgan, •pinner, gave corroborative evidence, and the jury returned a verdict of death from natural causes. PETTY SESSIONS, MONDAY.—Before the Rev. Canon Herbert, and Capt. O. M. Crewe-Read, R.N. A Row at DolwBn Station. -Four men named Cleaton, Davies, Evans, and John Jones, all hailing from Llan- dinam, were summoned for fighting at Dolwen station on Oct. 26th. Cleaton and Jones were fined 5s., Davies, 10s., and Evans, .£1, and the costs. The defendants had also to pay 4s. 6d., the value of a fender in the waiting room, which came to grief in the scrimmage. Defrauding the Railway Company.- -William Hughes was summoned for riding without a ticket on the Cambrian Railway. On Nov. 27th, Clapperton, a guard in the employ of the Cambrian Railways Company, observed the defendant get out on the off-side of the train, and he called the attention of the porter to the fact. The porter chal- lenged the defendant with attempting to defraud, and a long altercation resulted between them. A fine of 21, and costs, was imposed.
LLANGOLLEN. THE I NANT' CYPLYMEN.-This little stream, which enters the Dee at the east end of the town, brought down a high wall near the Gasworks on Monday morning. FORTNIGHTLY MEETING.—The usual fortnightly meeting was held at the Assembly Rooms, last week. Mr W. Coward, -timber merchant, occupied the chair, and delivered an appropriate introductory address. He con- sidered that in the face of prevalent ignorance concerning the duties of citizens, it would be very beneficial if addresses were delivered at these meetings upon political facts. The education movement might be explained for instance, and he would not desire any partizan spirit to be evoked, but simply that an endeavour should be made to teach the people generally about politics. The choir of the Congregational Church was the ehorus for the evening. Songs were sung by Mr Jones, Glyn- ceiriog, Mr Cyrus Walker, Llangollfen, and Mr J. Ceulanydd Williams. Mr J. Clarke read a Welsh piece from Dr W. Rees's works; Mr R. Roberts recited a Welsh piece Pawb am ei dywydd ei hun;" Mr R. Foulkes Griffiths delivered an English address upon How do you do? and Mr J. Ceulanydd Williams, of the Baptist Col- lege, read a Welsh translation of Elihu Burritt's piece on "Ambition." The concluding piece was a performance, by five of the scholars of the British School, of Honesty Rewarded, or the trials of a fatherless boy." The children acted with great ability and caused the loudest expressions of approval. The room was quite full.
SERIALS FOR DECEMBER.
SERIALS FOR DECEMBER. THE GENTLEMAN'S MAG AZINE.-The December number goes again into the Yachting question-which will be attractive to one set of gentlemen; and it contains much about farming, and her Majesty's experiences in this business- which will interest others. Then there is a satire the True Story of Mrs Shakspere's Life, in which some things resemble, or are made to resemble, the Byron Mystery. But Shakspere did not make himself the hero of all his poems, and so give a ground to the belief of his badness; or was he such an unmitigated blackguard that an additional crime or two could scarcely stain him. If we disbelieve the Byron story it is not because of our good opinion of the poet but of his half- sister. From the Gentleman's' we extract the following seasonable verses "BY THE SEA. Last nigbt I watched the old year die— A wind swept once across the sky, That seemed to me his parting sigh- The tolling ceased. Then weirdly gay, The bells rang forth across the bay- Stealing a sea-charm on their way, An echo from the hollow caves— A thrill of music from the waves, Where some that hear shall find their graves 1 These changeful bells, I whispered, sure Most like some cunning overture, Give foretaste what we must endure 1 0 young babe year, that yet shall grow To work ns either weal or woe- 'Tis strange that men should hail thee so I o dread, mysterious volume sealed- What fateful words lie there concealed— Not till the end to be revealed- 0 ship that sails the unknown sea 1- We guess not what thy freight may be— What storms—what shipwreck—none foresee! THE CORNHILL MAGAZINE.—There are several good papers this month. One on 'The Decay of Murder' is somewhat remarkable and highly interesting. The paper, 'Moretti's Campanula,' contains some charming descriptions of Alpine scenery, and in La Grand Mar- quise there are some good stories told. Our extract is taken from a paper entitled Shamrockiana' and is about duelling in the last century :— There was in Dublin a coffee-house called Lncas's "—it stood where the Exchange now stands-the favourite resort of all those whose whims and eccentricities gave them a fashionable notoriety. These were distinctly called Bucks,—a class, it must be owned, which conferred little credit on the rank they pertained to. One of the maxims of the period was, that no gentleman had really taken his proper station in society till he had fought at least one duel. Did he blaze ?" was the significant question put when any new candidate was proposed for a club or a coterie. The ambitious politician, the aspiring man of fashion, the rising barrister, all saw their readiest way to preferment by the pistol. Of Lord Norbury it was said that he shot up" to the highest walk in his profession and we hear that Henry Grattan himself summed up the whole wisdom of worldly success in the advice, "Be always ready with the pistol." The most extraordinary feature of ail this is, that society seemed really untouched by the savagery of these habits, and the very men most conspicuous for these practices were known in the world as peculiarly good- natured and easy in disposition. I own that this sounds a little paradoxical; but what is not so when we talk of Ireland and Irishmen ? The duel had actually taken that place in the cus- tom of the country that hostile meetings attracted little attention at the time they occurred, and rarely imparted any lasting bitterness between the combatants afterwards. There was a cool indifference to life, an easy jocularity throughout these proceedings, that assuredly reads very strangely to modern ears. It was Sir Boyle Roach, I believe, who, being interrupted several times by outbursts of affected coughing, took a handful of pistol- bullets from his pocket, and holding them out said, These are infallible pills for a cough; if any gentleman will try them." And this in the House of Commons, remember I CASSELL'S HOUSEHOLD GUIDE.—Only the second part has reached us of this new venture of the en- terprising firm of Cassell, Peter, and Galpin, and we cannot notice it further, as we could wish, because it is our rule not to enter into the merits of odd numbers. THE QUIVER for December contains some beautiful illustrations, and a multitude of subjects sober, popular, and readable. In an article entitled 'Stories of Hymns' there are several origins of sacred songs given which will interest all church and, especially, chapel-going people. For instance we are told that the idea of the hymn com- mencing There is a land of pure delight" was suggested to Dr Watts by his looking across the water from a' window in Southampton to the pleasant fields of the New Forest opposite. And to Charles Wesley the lines- Lo on a narrow neck of land Twixt two unbounded seas I stand, were imparted by standing on the Land's End, with the waters of the English Channel and the Atlantic ocean on either side of him. The subject of hymns, with anecdotes, is to be continued in Tke Quiver next year. We are also glad to see a series of papers by the Rev. Paxton Hood announced for next year's issue. THE ARGOSY completes its volume with a double number, in which Mrs Wood's capital story 'Roland Yorke' is concluded. Unlike most periodicals The Argosy does not issue a Christmas number, but quite one half of the December part is .taken up with Christmas literature. Amongst the seasonable articles we may mention Joseph Gelding's Last Christmas,' 'Feathers and Spangles," The First Christmas Rose,' 'Christmas Carols,' &c. In addi. tion we have a story by Johnny Ludlow (who is Johnny Ludlow?), an amount of the Leicester-square Soup Kitchen, and various other papers—^11 readable, which is saying much as papers' go. rm K STUDENT Contains an interesting account of the history of Witchcraft, in the course of which the writer, Dr White, makes the following pertinent re- mark:- A witch ridtag through the air upon a broom is just as credit- able and as possible as Mr Elome 11 elongating 11 as if he were made of Wisrabber,, or floating out of one window and in at another. The only difference is that in old times witches were cruelly tortaredand burnt to death, while modern sorcerers make • good living out of their dupes. Besides the article from which we take this quotation there is a very good paper on the Rhinoceros, illustrated by a coloured plate of an African specimen. For the re- mainder of the contents we must refer our readers to the book itself THE FLORAL WORLD.—With the next number a new volume will be commenced, and we feel an especial pleasure in urging all our friends who have gardens to take Li this valuable little serial. We have now had ten years' practical experience of the value of the work to amateurs, and we can honestly say that we have derived more profit from the perusal of its pages than we have done from those of many more costly Gardening Books.' The December part gives a beautiful coloured picture of a group of Ivy leaves, and treats of the Camellia as a hardy shrub Winter-flowering heaths and horticultural affairs ^GKX)i> WORDS. — Another capital volume of this famous publication is now completed, containing 'Deben- ham's Vow' and Noblesse Oblige'—two three vohnne novels—the Bishop of Oxford's Heroes of Hebrew His- tory,' Mr Help's 4 Short Essays,' the Editor's 4 Peeps at the Far East,' and a host of other attractions the whole of which may be had bound for 7s. 6d. Cheap enough truly The December number contains a curious paper about Christmas Carols, from "Which we must make one extract- which will conclude our notices for the present week. Speaking of the carols of Saboly, who lived in 1614, the writer says his compositions were chiefly pastorals, and in one which narrates the particulars of the birth of our Saviour he assumes that the shepherds are refused admittance to the stable beeause they are too noisy and the little one sleeps:- It is no small praise to say of a modern carol of Joseph Roumanille's that he has absolutely improved upon the naive tenderness of this piece:-in his poem, the shepherds, when re- fused, begin to pray, and the door is instantly opened to them. "Enter says the mother," since Jesus, O my friends I when men are praying, cannot sleep." Notes on the Geology of Powysland. By W. BOYD DAWKINS, MA., F.R.S., F.G.S. This pamphlet is a reprint from the Montgomeryshire collections of the Powysland Club, a club which does for the Welsh Marches the same interesting antiquarian work as the Archaeological Association does for Britain gene- rally. Mr Dawkins spent his early years, we believe, under the shadow of Breidden, and although since then he has well earned his geological spurs byltesearches into the newer rocks of the earth's crust, these notes show us that he well knows how to do justice to the grand lessons taught by the older Silurian rocks which surround his early home. After a few introductory words, in which the author states concisely the general order of rocks, he leads us pleasantly among the fossils of Trilobite dingle at Welshpool, the Quakers' burying-ground, and the in- teresting region around Guilsfield. The volcanic rock at Welshpool, from which road and building stones are quarried, together with rocks of the same character which are grouped around the centFal greenstone mass t>f Breidden itself, are then noticed. The relation also which these bear to many similar rocks spread over North Wales, is incidentally touched, and perhaps it would have been well to have noticed in connection with this the order of position these all sustain to that lower greenstone rock of which Breidden may be taken as a sample; but there is so much popularly and accurately told in a few words concerning them, that we do not complain. The author then notices the overlying Upper Silurian and Devonian rocks, or rather the remnant of the latter which is found on the top of the Long mountain, and which in its isola- tion speaks of the mighty forces among which denudation has played so important a part, and by means of which thousands of feet of strata have been removed. We are also pleased to see that Mr Dawkins is old-fashioned enough to believe in Plutonic geology, and to give it a prominent place in the Trinity of Causes," which have helped to shape the surface of the earth, and to which we owe all the beauty of the landscape, and the ad- mirable fitness of the earth for the habitation of man."
The very extensive distillery now being erected at Bel- fast, with all recent improvements for the manufacture of Irish whisky, by Messrs DUNVILLE & Co., who have- gained a world-wide celebrity for their fine old Irish whisky, is to be called The Royal Irish Distillery."
About the World.
About the World. 4' If there is one thing that the Orangemen have always claimed as their distinguishing characteristic it is loyalty, but now they seem to have abandoned that and gone in for nothing but "their noble selves." At a recent lodge in Dublin the famous Mr Johnston of Ballykilbeg, M.P. for Belfast, said-" I hold it to be no part of the duty of the Orangeman to fire a shot or draw a sword between the English Government and the Fenians." This sentiment was received with enthusiastic cheering. Mr Johnston went on to develop it more clearly: I think it high time that we stated to the Government and the English people that, if there is to be a fight, or an attempt to set up a Fenian Republic, the Orangemen will stand aside and protect their homes and hearths, and let the English Government and the Fenians fight it out between them." Hereupon a voice cried, "You've hit the right nail on the head." The men of Orange hate all English parties alike, for another speaker declared, in elegant metaphor, that bad as was the Gladstone and Bright pie, it was none the better for being seasoned with Disraeli and Cairns sau e. The Daily News adds-" Captain Madden, of Monaghan, expressed his great delight at the result of the late Tip- perary election, and his gratitude to the Tipperary people who had chosen that honest man, O'Donovan Rossa, M.P., as their representative. But Captain Madden is not content with this victory. He would like to see the convict Luby elected for another constituency. The force of this compliment to the honest Fenians is somewhat weakened by the colleagues whom he wishes to give these unfortunate patriots. If the Devil was returned for Cork and one of his Angels for Galway," says the captain, "so much the better." Probably he thinks that these honourable members in posse could be relied on to oppose Mr Gladstone's Ministry. We read, further, that at a recent meeting of the Grand Lodge of Dublin it was unanimously voted that the best thanks of the Grand Lodge are due, and are hereby given, to the gallant gen- tlemen and Conservative electors of Tipperary, in standing aloof on the occasion of the recent election, and allowing the Fenians and other opponents of the Government to scout the Government candidate, and assert their right to return the man of their choice." The Times' special correspondent at Rome reports the fol- lowing curious incident, the truthfulness of which we are assured may be thoroughly depended on Soon after the arrival of Cardinal Bonnechose last week, his Eminence went to pay his homage to the Pope, who inquired, What do they say of our Council in France ?' They hope that it will be for good.' 4 Yes, but tell us some details.' It is hoped that its work will be one of conciliation.' But more details.' 4 What does your Holiness mean by de- tails?' What do they say of our infallibility?' 'Since, Holy Father, you have inquired so precisely,' said his Eminence, 'it is hoped that it will not be declared a dogma.' The Pope, in a state of great excitement, said— 4 Your Eminence has always been in opposition. I re- member that on a former occasion vou were opposed to raising the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception to a dogma, but, thank God, we willed that it should be so, and it was so; and we will that the infallibility of the Pope shall be made a dogma, and it shall become one through the influence of the Council of 1869.' His Eminence attempted to reply, but was prevented, and re- tired in a state of great agitation. They say that nothing is true in Rome, but this is on good authority. As to the probable duration of the Council, one who is intimately acquainted with what is going on says it is decided on, and is in petto, that it shall last until the 29th of June, St. Peter s Day. If other business occurs which renders fur- ther deliberation necessary, it will be protracted to a later date." The following letter has been received from the Dowager Marchioness of Queensberry :Dear Mr Sullivan,—In your paper to-day there is a request to 'men and women, boys and girls' to work for Mr Martin of Kilbroney but what can I do at this distance, excepting to enclose you £ 10 towards the fund which will be required for necessary expenses ? It will be a blessing for Ireland, indeed, if Mx Martin be returned; and if women are called to the work, how gladly would I work night and day to ensure his re- turn, were I now, in Ireland. Oh, that everyone who loves Ireland may go to work and vote for John Martin, the true friend of Ireland, and'organise for him a glorious victory! The only astonishment is that he has not long since been elected; for who so well qualified to speak the mind o £ Ireland as that venerated patriot? May God bless him It does, indeed, send a thrill of pleasure, as the Nation says, "through the heart that this selection should be made worthy of the country and the time. Excuse this from one who perhaps has no right to express an opinion, but who loves Ireland too well to be silent at such a moment. May God bless the man who votes for John Martin!—Yours faithfully, CAROLINE QUEENSBBRRY. In his well-known work on "Irish Disturbances and the Irish Church Question "-topics then as now only too plausibly associated-the late Sir G. C. Lewis. speaks of certain politicians, who 44 seem to view the Irish people in the some light ag-Don Juan D'Aguila, the Spanish com- mander, who, we are told by Lord Bacon, after the battle of Kinsale, said, in open treaty, that when the Devil upon the mount did show Christ all the kingdoms of the earth, he did not doubt that the Devil left out Ireland and kept it for himself." < The Pall Mall Gravettc says— The Ecumenical Council would do ns a service if theywould propound and answer the question, Why is it that Christianity and civilization have failed to give us the manners of gentle- men ?" On reading the account of the inauguration of the Suez Canal by the Timet' correspondent, it is impossible not to be struck with the superiority of the Arab over the Englishman in this respect. We read that the Arabs make way for a stranger with promptness and courtesy, never stare or affect the ill-bred ease, or indulge in the vulgar chaffing of far better dressed mobs in lands near home. On the other hand, we read ef the ridi- culous and unreasonable grumbling of the Christian guests of the Viceroy, and of a .gentleman s an audience of his Highness for the purpose of complaining that he had been put to sleep in a double-bedded room. This is not as it should be. Good as the manners of the children of the desert are, ours should be as superior to theirs as our relative position in the great society of nations. Our very vestrymen should by rights be more graceful, more courteous, more-eomposed than the most highly cultivated among these worshippers of the Prophet then why is it that England has so often to blush for the con- duct of her children, who behave, not only at home but abroad, as though tact and good taste form no part of a Christian's out- fit ? They are always standing upon what they conceive to be their lights, utterly forgetting that even if they have any rights, self-denial is one of the first duties of a civilized being, and by occasionally waiving their rights they will acquire far more in- fluence and inspire more respect than by attempting to obtain them by a bluster makes them either odious or contempti- ble.. Perhaps the secret lies in our eating and drinking so much; if we exercised a little more self-denial in our appetites we might bring that virtue to bear upon our general behaviour. If, in return for the missions the faithful send in such numbers to the infidel, the latter would send us a few missionaries to teach us good manners, we should be under no obligation to them, and then, perhaps, might be tried the experiment of feeding a vestry- man on milled maize and vegetables for a month, with water for his drink; it is just possible he might thus be converted into a Lord Chesterfield. In the discussion on the Crown jewels which took place in the Spanish Cortes the other day, there was it seems some exceedingly plain speaking. The Finance Minister, Signor Figuerola, in a very long speech, which was well received by the House, said that the jewels in question "had been stolen in the most scandalous manner." They had been stolen, he added, by two persons who were very well known, Donna Maria Christina and Donna Isabella of Bourbon. It was no wonder, therefore, that the Spaniards had expelled the dynasty. Another member of the House, Senor Garcia Lopez, wished that the Spanish Cabinet should demand in the proper quarter the extradi- tion of the crinynals, France having thieves enough of her own." The discussion then took a personal tone, became somewhat stormy, and it being late the Chamber Since the election of O'Donovan Rossa for Tipperary, a adjourned. number of letters have been. addressed to him at the Chatham Convict Prison from Ireland, and elsewhere, with the letters "M.P." after his name. Under the prison regulations, however, no convict is permitted to write or receive letters from any person except at intervals of several months—ancl them onfr if he has borne a good character since the last period of his writing or receiving letters. Every letter addressed to a convict is also read, either by the governor, chaplain, or some other official, before the convict has it handed to him, and in the case of O'Donovan Rossa the prison regulations have not been de. parted from. It would seem that Rossa was soon in pos- session of the information that he had been elected, although no official communication was made to him on the subject. The whole of the Fenian convicts now under- going their sentences of penal servitude at Chatham are kept as much as possible during the hours of labour from the other convicts, and, excepting in certain instances, are always employed within the prison walls, and not on the dockyard extension works. The principal work performed by O Donovan Rossa is that of darning the convicts' stock- ings, in which he is stated to be an ^expert hand. Like all the other convicts, the Fenian prisoners have to attend school so many houw dally. A French contemporary tells a curious story of a photo- grapher's revenge. "A Moldo-Wallachian Prince"— whatever that may be—had his likeness taken by one of whatever that may be—had his likeness taken by one of those scientific artists the other day and was so dis- satisfied with the unflattering result that he declined to pay for it. Thereupon the photographer had a large num- ber of copies struck off, and offered them for sale as portraits of Tropmann. The success of the experiment was prodigious and the Moldo-Wallachian Prince awoke one morning and found himself-or, more strictly speak- ing, his portrait—infamous! In a few appropriate and telling sentences the Daily News administers a well-deserved castigation to those who are trying to induce Dr Temple to break his dignified silence. There is another class of persons busy in their own way, WlJO have long since given up the hope of opposing the appointment to Exeter with success, but who incessantly call upon Dr Temple to make some declaration of his belief before consecration. These reverend agitators appear to have reached the climax of self-stultification. For what they really ask is, that Dr Temple shall deliver them from the consequences of their own foolish wrong-doing. It is curious to hear those who have laboured for years to blacken him now saying, Surely you are not black you must be white; do speak; only say you are white, that we may believe vou." Their proceedings are met with a tilence almost judicial in its solemnity. A slanderous generation seeks after a sign, and there shall no sign be given it. The answer to their calumnies will come, hit it will be conformable in time and mode to the simplicity oud purity of the character assailed, and the dignity of the ofP^e assumed. Mr Newdegate, M.P., at the Rugby agriculture dinner on Thursday week, said he was not satisfied with the way in which the Opposition was led. Mr Disraeli seemed to think it enough to move amendments without discussing the principles of the measure to which his friends were opposed. He took amendment after amend- ment without troubling by argument to enforce them on the House. He sat there after he left office, the image of resignation seated on a milestone. During the lact session the task which would have been undertaken by the Radi- cals of old fell into the hands of the representative for North Warwickshire. He (Mr Newdegate) had to defend the right of freedom of assembly and freedom of speech in the House of Commons,