NORTH WALES WILLS. MR. R. D. DARBISHIRE, PENMAENMAWR. r Mr Robert Dukinfield Darbishire, LL.D, F.G.S., F.S.A., B.A., of High Ems, Victoria Park, Manchester, and of Pendyffryn, Penmaen- mawr, solicitor, a student of distinction m $"™"ous branches of science, aged 82 years, left xmI'inn £ >ross' which the net personalty is ±,14,174 He directed that his body should U cremated and the residuary ashes scattered on the ground in some plantation "for restoration to the world which I have found so delightful,' and that his funeral should be conducted in the ILost unostentatious, private, and, indeed, secret manner possible, without any announcement, ad- vertisement, or notice of the proceeding in any newspaper or circular, or the circulation of any invitations to attend, and that no gravestone should be erected over his remains. He de- clared that the legacies to his executors should be ipso facto annulled if these directions were not fully and exactly observed. He also stated, "I direct that all my letters received and all copies of letters of my own (concerning, as they do, only my own atomic and momentary existence, and perhaps some private concerns of correspondents) may be scrupulously destroyed without examination or perusal." He excepted any biographical sketches, which he directed should be dealt with in accordance with any memoranda attached thereto. The bequests were—His collections of so-called curios" to the Manchester Museum; his books and illustrations of various kinds as to 200 books (not volumes) as he shall select to his grandson, Robert Shelby Darbishire, stating that "I do not trouble him with more because he may not care for my library, and after all he should make his own for himself;" 100 as the director may select to the Library of the Manchester Whit- worth Institute, together with any of his en- gravings, collections of scrapbooks or of photo- graphs; as to 100 to the Library of Manchester College, Oxford; as to any scientific works then remaining to the director of the Manchester Museum; as to the balance of his books for the Reference Libraries of the Corporation of Man- chester; as to the balance of his pictures and engravings to his said grandson; £100 to the Governesses' Institute and Home for its benevo- lent fund, in memory of his wife; £ 100 to my friend, my amanuensis and typist, Miss Louisa Green. "To each of my friends, my maidservants, one year's stipend, with a special memorandum of my personal regard and affec- tion for each of them;" £ 50 each to "my venerated friends," the Rev. Adam Doel the Rev. Benjamin Walker, and Mrs Benjamin Walker; £100 to each of his brothers, William Arthur Darbishire and Charles Hy. Darbishire, "with special favour and benediction;" JMOO to his friend, Beatrice Laura Dymes, companion of himself and his wife; £ 100 to each of his friends, Mrs Amy Buller Brooke and Miss Hen- rietta Matthey; L100 upon trust for Winifred Rignatorre, niece of Miss Henrietta Matthey; 250 each to his sisters-in-law, Emily, widow of his brother Francis, Florence, widow of his brother Samuel, Lilian, the wife of his brother Charles Henry, and Marie, widow of his brother Vernon; a life annuity of JB200 to his daughter-in-law, Anne Shelby Darbishire. The residue of his property he left to his grand- son, Robert Shelby Darbishire, now a student at Balliol College, Oxford, on attaining the age of 24 years. MR W. J. DAVEY, CAERWYS. Mr Wm. John Davey, of Holm Leigh, Aig- burth, and of Maesmynan Hall, near Caerwys, Denbighshire, shipowner, and a member of tihe firm of Messrs Elder, Dempster, and Co. and other companies, left £ 80,427 gross, of which L63,356 is net personalty. The testator left) the whole of his property to his widow absolutely. FATHER IGNATIUS. The late Father Ignatius, Anglican monk, of Llanthoray Abbey. Brecon, left estate vaJued at) E2710 gross, the net personalty amounting to £ 984. This probably does not include the value of the abbey, over whidh he appears to have held the power of dispood.
MOTOR COATS. We have a Large Selection of STORMPROOF and absolutely RAINPROOF FRIEZES, Suitable for MOTORING, of which we are SOLE AGENTS AUTUMN & WINTER COSTUMES. Patterns sent on application. ALEXANDER BEE, LADIES' TAILOR, 10, PEPPER ST., CHESTER. Che Wtlsb Coast Pioneer.' LARGEST CIRCULATION ON THE COAST. THE SALE OF THE Welsh Coast Pioneer" Amounts to an average which, if tested, will show aa EXCESS OF SEVERAL THSUSAMB CSPIES WEEKLY om AMY OTHES PEIfijY PAPE& Branch Offices: LLANDUDNO MOSTYN STREET LLANRWST WATLINfl STREET RHYL 29, HIGH STREET. ABERGELE CAXrON HOUSE. London Represent a I ivs MR. PERCY DAY, 74, FLEET STREET. b- — TTTE BEG TO INFORM THE PUBLIC f THAT IN FUTURE, OWING TO PRESSURE UPON OUR COLUMNS, ALL LISTS OF WEDDING PRESENTS WILL BE CHARGED FOR AT ADVERTISE- MENT RATES.
THE COST OF EDUCATION. Education progress Is no longer a party ques- tion, and it is practically oertain, no matter whether a Liberal or Conservative Government is in power, that the cost of education will oon- tinue to increase. Mr Balfour's Act of 1902 has been much criticised on certain points, but it is admitted on all hands that it raised the level of efficiency in the non-provided schools, and everyone admits that this is a substantial gain to the country. It has had to be paid for, however, in heavier chargos upon both the National Exchequer and the local authorities. The same upward tendency has continued since the present Government came into office. In 1906 an optional Provision of Meals Act was I passed, and last year the administrative provi- sions which formed part of Mr Birrell's re- jected Bill were embodied in a separate measure, and received general assent. This Act, which imposed on local authorities the duty of pro- viding for the medical inspection of children, and gave them authority to provide vacation schools, vacation centres, and play classes, was un- attended by any additional grant, so that the ex- tra cost which it has involved has fallen entirely on the local authorities. And it may be taken for granted that the new Scotch Education Act and every fresh departure not only in legislation, but in the codes and regulations issued by the Education Board, will augment the burden fall- ing upon the local authorities -or the nation. for in spite of the progress which has been made in popular education in the United Kingdom, we are not yet up to the standard of Germany and the United States, and in both those countries the cost of education is still increasing. It is interesting to recall that when the Act of 1870 was passed the local charge for education was not expected to exceed a few pence in the £ but to-day in many areas it is one of the heaviest of the local burdens. In Manchester for oxample the education rate has reached Is 8d in the £ —an increase of ninepence during the past five years. And this is by no means an exceptional case, for the growth of the population has necessitated heavy capital outlay, and this has been accompanied by a great increase in the cost of maintenance. In 1872, a year or two after the passing of Mr Foreter's Act, the average cost of maintenance per child in the Board Schools of England and Wales was 28s 4d, but twenty years later it had increased to 69s. A large share of this increase is provided in the shape of addi- tional grants from the Exchequer, but the local authorities complain that the proportion of tho expenditure upon education which falls upon the rates steadily increases, while the percentage which Î8 met by the Education Board corres- pondingly declines. Fifteen or sixteen years ago the State grants reached an aggregate of 62 per cent., which left a balance of 37! per cent. to bo defrayed from local sources, but to-day only 50 per oent. is defrayed by the Government, leaving about an equal proportion to be borne by the localities. An increased percentage of a dimin- ishing expenditure would not be so serious a matter, but when it is remembered that year by year the aggregate outlay upon education shows an advance, it is not surprising that the local authorities should vigorously protest against being called upon to bear a heavier proportion than they were formerly required to pay. This protest took definite shape at the confer- ence beid a few daya ago under the auspices of the London County Council, when 300 local au- thorities in England and Wales were represented. The ground taken by Lord Belper, chairman of the Executive Committee of the County Coun- cils' Association, was that education is a. national service, should should be mainly paid for jut of national funds. Mr Hayes-Fisher, who repre- sented the London Council, contended that the State contribution should not be less than three- fifths of the cost, and he estimated that on this basis the local authorities would be relieved to the extent of £ 2,160,000. It was pointed out hy Mr Ernest Gray and other speakers that un- der Mr Runciman's Bill, if it had become law, a further grant of about a million and a haII would have been made from the Exchequer, and It was urged that the Government should adhere to this part of their proposals. In view of the additional charges thrown upon the education rate by recent Acts of Parliament, particularly >n connection with the medical inspection of T the.deputatlon which is to wait upon the Prime Minister has a very strong case in asking for substantial relief. One obvious ad- vantage in placing a heavier share of the burden upon national funds would be the relief it would give to the poorer areas, where the pressure of the education rate is very much felt. For in the case of the Exchequer the wet of education would fall upon the whole body of taxpayers, while local burdeM have to be borne by the particular locality. It is true that a certain measure of relief has been given to necessitous districts, but there is still a grievous outcry against the heavy charges for education in poor and rapidly increasing areas, and an increase in the Exchequer grants would be welcomed by the local authori- ties. We are glad to notice that the proposed deputation to the Prime Minister is to include representative men of both political parties, and in the interests of local government—which is heavily handicapped by high and increasing rates -we trust the Government will see their tray to make a substantial additional grant to the kclj education authorities.
11ft., r After an outlay of about £18,(WJO on the niw marine gardens and pavilion scheme the Rliyl Urban District Council discussed on Monday another project estimated to cost £3000. One of the most satisfactory features of the former undertaking is that it has justified all that was said of it as a means of checking the sand drift from the shore in that vicinity. Mr J. W. Jones now suggested that the gardens be ex- tended with a view to protecting a further por- tion of the promenade, and also to provide work for the unemployed. To this Mr J. H. Eflia objected, on the ground that twelve months ago, when he brought forward the question of ex- tending the East Parade right through to West Parade, the work was postponed, although the Council unanimously agreed to it. Having regard to the fact that the Council have virtually bound themselves to the scheme on a previous occasion it is only fair that they gave the matter their first attention. Before anything definitely ia decided upon, however, it is to be hoped that the question will be referred for the considera- tion of the ratepayers, as Mr Tilby recommended. To increase the Council's outstanding loans to the extent of £ 21,000 is a matter that should not be hurriedly undertaken. ? I Agricultural Shows. The suggestion made by Professor Winter to. Old Colwyn agriculturists on Monday evening deserves the consideration of all promoters of local shows. Classifying agricultural shows into the three grades of local, county and national, he said that, while he believed there were too many shows of all grades in the country, there oouldt never be too many of the local type, provided they were managed on proper lines. He em- phasised the importance of limiting the local! show's sphere of action to its own particular neighbourhood, and ineistoo that not only did this prove more beneficial to the community, but it invariably tended to a more successful financial result. In order to make these exhibitions addi- tionally attractive and fruitful, however, he sug- gested that sections for fruit, flowers and vege- tables be provided in addition to those for cattle. This idea has been already put into practice in other parts of Wales, and it has proved distinctly successful. In these days of small holdings and allotments it should prove doubly successful. There is no reason why the bulk of flowers and vegetables retailed in the shops and markets of Colwyn Bay, Llandudno and Rhyl should not be grown in the immediate districts, and any- thing that can be done to encourage this should not be overlooked. The Chancellor Frightened of the Ladies. The Chancellor of the Exchequer is determined not to face another hostile demonstration of mili- tant Suffragettes. He has lost faith in the man- ners of a certain section of the "gentle" sex, and henceforward womankind is to be banned from his presence when he seeks to make a public speech. This startling announcement is conveyed through the medium of a circular which has been issued by Mr Bertram Furniss on behalf of the Liberal Federal Council. Under the heading, "Lloyd George Demonstration, Sun Hall, Decem- ber 21st. Mr Furniss states:—"As a result of his experience at the Albert Hall meeting on De- cember 5th, Mr Lloyd George has reluctantly come to the decision that he will not address any meetings at which women are present. I am therefore compelled to inform you, with great regret, that if a ticket has been sold to you for the Sun Hall meeting on December 21st., which you intend to be used by a lady, it will not be available for that purpose." On the strength ot this declaration Mr Furniss offers to refund the value of any ticket or tickets purchased. If petti- coats are anathema, will the despised and rejected ones resort to masculine masquerade?
A CONWAY MINING ENGINEERS AFFAIRS. At the Bangor County Court, on Monday, Mr Tobias, the Assistant Official Receiver, mentioned an application which was to have been made by L. W. Carder, mining engineer, Conway, ask- ing the Judge to approve a composition of 7s 6d in the B. He asked for an adjournment in view of a possible claim by a creditor. Mr Brundent of Llandudno, represented the debtor. His Honour granted the application for ad- journment.
The nomination of LOIrd Detby as Chancellor of Irverpool University bIIi been approred,
} PERSONAL. The Squire of Vaynol, Mr C. G. Assheton- Smith, is entertaining a shooting party this week. Sir Roger and Lady Palmer are now staying at Cefn Park, Wrexham. Sir Robert Egerton, K.C.S.I., is still confined to his room at Coedyglyn, Wrexham. Colonel Platt, C.B., attended the Smithfield Show in London, and has now returned to; Gorddinog. Lord Mostyn, late 3rd Batt. R.W.F., has been gazetted to the Hon. Colonelcy of the 3rd Batt. R.W.F. (Special Reserve). The Duke of Westminster continues to make good progress, and is able to leave his bed for a little while daily. Lord Kenyon, K.C.V.O., presided on Wednes- day evening at the Shropshire Society's Bohemian concert at the Galleries of the Royal Society of British Artists, SuffoIK-street, Pall Mall. The Pudsey Liberal Association have invited Mr W. Gladstone, the Squire of Hawarden, and grandson of the late Mr W. E. Gladstone, to become a candidate for the division at the next election. Mr E. Honoratus Lloyd, K.C., and Mrs Lloyd gave a dance at the Grafton Gallicries, Bond- street, on Friday night. Herr Stanilaus Wurm's Band played, and about 400 guests accepted invi- tationa. Mr R. J. Berwyn, who came over from Pata- gonia to attend the National Eisteddfod at Llan- gollen, is in mourning for his youngest son, who; died in his thirtieth year, a few days after his father's return to the colony. Lord Harlcch, Lady Harlech, and the Hon. W. Ormsby-Gore are staying at Glyn this week. The Earl of Winchilsea formed one of the shoot- ing party during the week. Mr T. II. Kyffin Roberts, of Maidstone, whoso death is announced at the age of 71, was former- ly Government auditor for the Eastern and Mid- land district, and was a son of Mr Kyffin Ro- berts, of St. Asaph, at one time auditor of the North Wales district. Sir John Rhys was the principal guest at the annual dinner of the London Jersey Society last week. The company included the Lieutenant- Governor of Jersey, Major-General H. S. Gough, C.B., C.M.G. The marriage arranged between the Rev. J. Allen Jones, vicar of Llanyblodwel, and Miss Millio Adela Onpenhoim, only daughter of Mr and Mrs Oppenheim, of Parkfield, Didsbury, will take place at Holy Innocents Church, Fallowficld, Manchester, on Thursday, January 14th next. Lord Glantawe presided at the annual dinner of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion in. London, when Mr Lloyd George, M.P., and Mrs Lloyd George were the guests of the evening. The health of Mr Lloyd George was propo&ed by Lord Justice Vaughan Williams. Mr A. T. Davies, Permanent Secretary of the Welsh Department of the Board of Education, visited Llangollen on Friday evening to take part in a dinner in celebration of the successful launch- ing by the Denbighshire County Council and Education Committee of an experiment in afforestation in the Ceiriog Valley district.
MR LLOYD GEORGE AND BRIGHTON. Mr Lloyd George has taken a house in Chichester-place, Brighton, in order that he may enjoy during each Parliamentary session the leisure of the week-end.
MR LLOYD GEORGE TO LEAD THE COMMONS. Sir Edward Russell writes in the "Liverpool Daily Post:" "I have the best authority for stating that Mrs Asquith has expressed her confi- dence that her husband will accept a peerage at the general election. This would leave the leadership of the Government party in the House of Commons to Mr Lloyd George. The fore- going statement may be prematnre, but there is no reason to doubt its accuracy. Mrs Asquith again finds her nervous system a little over- vitalised, and has already left London until the New Year."
MARRIAGE OF THE REV. A. O. EVANS. The marriage took place at St. John's Church, Chester, oh Tuesday, of the Rev. Albert Owen Evans, B.A., inspector of schools for the Diocese of Bangor, to Miss Grace Hen- rietta Kent, Bryndyffryn, Bettwsycoed, fourth daughter of the late Mr Edwin Jackson Kent, of Grassendale, Liverpool. The bride was accompanied by her sister, Miss Alice Kent, and was given away by her brother, Mr Fred Kent, of Liverpool. The officiating clergyman were the Revs. Daniel Morgan rec- tor of Llantrisant, Anglesey, and Canon Cooper Scott. Amongst those at the Church and at the sub- sequent lunch were the Rev. Gomer Price rec- tor.of Pennal; Captain J. H. Evans, brother of the bridegroom; and Mr A. I. Pryce, diocesan registrar, Bangor. The Rev. Mr and Mrs Owen Evans left subse- quently for London and the Continent.
WELSH M.P.'S AND THE GOVERNMENT. FATE OF DISESTABLISHMENT. There was a meeting of Welsh members in the House of Commons an Tuesday for the pur- poee of considering the question of the Disestab- lishment of the Wolsih Cffiurch. The meeting was private, but we ("Liverpool Echo") understand that bitter complaint was made by some of the failure of the Government to introduce those legislative measures affecting Wales which were promised at the general elec- tion. Others pointed out the great difficulty the Government were in, owing to the action of the House of Lords in rejectrng measures passed by the Commons, and they argued that any at- tempt to pass a Welsh Disesablishment Bill would certainly be thwarted by the i.,orcts. Mr Lloyd George was present, and took part in tthe discussion. At the close tfhe following official statement was made.—"The meeting amounted to a frank interchange of opinion amongst the Welsh mem- bers as to the present political situation in view of the end of the session, especially so far as Welsh Disestablishment is concerned." The general opinion of Welsh members test nigihrt was that the Government) would introduce a Welsh Disestablishment Bill next session, but would do nothing more than read it a second time. The "Times" Lobby correspondent writes: It is stated that the Welsh party has as yet had no official intimation of the postponement of the Welsh Disestablishment Bill, although it is now an open secret. It is expected that such postponement will be received with considerable dissatisfaction in Wales.
The monthly memorandum prepared the Labour Department of the Board of Trade states that tihe proportion of unemployed at the end of November in the trade unions making returns was 9.1 per cent., compared with 9.5 per cent, at the end of Ootober and 5 per oent. in No- vember, 1907. The Committee of the Eleazer Roberts Scholar- ship Fund met at Shrewsbury on Friday, when it waa reported that the amount now in hand was about JB500. In the Marathon race in New York between Darando and Longboat the former collapsed in the last miJe. and the Canadian won easily. The South African Cricket Association has resolved to invite the M.C.C. to send out a team to South Africa during tihe 1909-10 season. The Postmaster-General, on Friday, opened a wireless telegraph station at Bolt Head, near Kingsb ridge, South Devon, for communication [ with ampt St m*
FLOUR MILLING IN NORTH WALES. THE "SNOWDON FLAKE" MILLS. PROGRESS OF AN OLD ESTABLISHED FIRM. If a line is drawn southwards from Rihyl to Montgomery and then west to Barmouth, the angle formed embraces almost the whole of Nortih WaJes. Besides a small roller flour mill in Anglesey, there is only one other mill in that part of the Principality at Bangor. Its name is the Snowdon Flake Flour Mills, and it is owned by Messrs Thoe. Lewis and Co., a firm of very high repute in the district, and which is now being converted into a limited liability com- pany under the title of "Snowdon Flake Flour Mills, Ltd." From the abridged prospectus wihwah appears on another page, it will be seen that the capital is fixed at £ 25,000. Twenty years ago there was quale a goodly number of flour mills in North Wales, but the exigencies of modern competition have swept most of them away, the only merchant mill near the centre of the habitations 01 the half million people in the radius mentioned being the Snow- don Flake Flour Mills at Bangor. The mills enjoy a unique trade foT high-class patents in the numerous seaside and mountain resorts of North Wales Besides, the demand for mill cffais in the district is so great that it clears off the production at good prices Bran, being a bulky article, costs a considerable freight and thris amounts to a measure of proteoton to the local mill As much of the local grown wheat as pos- sible is blended with the colonial grain, and this adds to the mill's advantages. There is a spacious wharf and steamship berth for vessels of 200 tons, in the same ownership. This is quite near, and is a material factor in the success the firm have attained, because by this means the cost of landing goods from sBeamers is much below that on the public wharves. In addition, the firm carry on a large meal trade, the malls being fitted with a good provender plant for the purpose. A fair business in grain, seeds, oakes and other feeding stuffs is done, and all the con- ditions affecting the mills seem to attract local trade. Periodically the machinery has been re- newed and increased, so that to-day it can turn out something like nine sacks of flour per hour, besides 300 tons of meal per week. The founder of the business is Alderman Thomas Lewis, J.P., who commenced it in a very humble way nearly forty years agio. Pre- vious to starting in the milling trade, Mr Lewis had considerable interest in a distributive busi- ness which he built up in the district. His first _z I I: _J. 1.1- _1' A ■ujHii'-ug vcuntrc woo a unw imu in AUgie.-sey; Pentre Berw and Cadnant Mills soon followed, and worked in conjunction with) one near Beth- esda, and later a steam flour mill in Dean-street, Bangor, was started in 1870. lIe was the fix-at miller in North Wales to use rollers) in oojijunc- tion with millstones, and hia anxiety to keep in the front as regards new machinery and methods is proved by a visit he made to a Mill Machinery Exhibition at Cincinnabtà in 1880. Four years later he made great improvements to the mills, discarding millstones for rollers in the flour mak- ing plant and putting down a large modern steam engine* etc. The first roller plant was completed in 1885, being erected b, Mr James Higginbottom, of Liverpool. The capacity of this was a little over seven sacks per hour, and it did good service for many years, being slightly improved from time to time, as now ideas of milling were evolved. Quite recently the mill- ing' plant has been thoroughly overhauled by Messrs Thcs. Robinson and Son, Ltd., of Roch- dale. One object of this re-modelling was to increase the proportion of patent flour, and this was accomplished by the introduction of the cyclo-pneumatio separating system so recently perfected by the above engineering firm. Aid. Thoa. Lewis had lately delegated the chief share of the management of the business to his sons, Mr Thos. Charles Lewis and Mx W. Howard Lewis, who possess much of the commercial ability shown by their father. Although a strenuous business man, Alderman Thos. Lewis has made it a rule of his life to do all he could for the welfare of his fellow-citizens. For two years, 1886-87, he served as Mayor of 14he city, and was High Sheriff of Carnarvonshire in 1901-2. Last yeaT his great services to the public wore recognised by granting him the freedom of the city. Mr T. C. Lewis is also well- known to the public in North Wales. He occu- pied the chair of the Finance Committee of one of the earliest County Councils of Carnarvon- shire, and was subsequently appointed chairman of the Council itself. Mr W. Howard Lewis is a miller by tuition as well as by birth, and in his early manhood he spent several years studying the grain business and flour milling at the important centres of Duluth and Minnea- polis. A brief outline of the chief features of the Snowdon Flake Flour Mills may not be unaccept- able. The premises having been enlarged from time to time, do not present the outward ap- pearance of a set of buildings erected simultan- eously yet they are well adapted for economical workung, being situated in dose proximity to one another. The driving power is derived from a steam engine, a modern one by Messrs Poliit and Wig- zell, Ltd., of Sower by Bridge. It is of the com- pound tandem type, being fitted with the latest contrivances for securing economy. Tihe steam is generated by a double-flued Lancashire boiler fitted with Mekhiim's forced draught. The pres- sure of steam raised is 100 lbs. per square indh, and the whole power plant works in a very smooth and economical manner. The flour mill machinery includes a double "iMoir" feeder, seven "Robinson" diagonal double 4b by 10 inch mills, and six of other makes—varying in length of rolls from 20 to inches. Four of the "Robin- son" 40 inch double mills break the wheat and clean the bran in four operations, the rest of the roller mills performing the work of reducing' the middlings, etc, in a range of nine reductions. The floyr dressing process b carried out by fourteen silk clothed machines, all except one being of the centrifugal type, and by various makers. Sundry accessory machinery and ap- paratus help to form the complete plant, as also do sets of clean wheat bins and mixers, an automatic scale by Messrs R. Simon, of Notting- ham, being placed over the oleanod grain bins. The wheat is cleaned, washed, dried and pol- ished in a separate building, divided from the mill by party walls with fire-proof communica- ting doors. For the storage of wheat in bulk, 20 silos are provided, and each ur'abie to hold 50 to 100 quarters. As a large feeding stuffs trade is done there is also a provender mill of considerable size. In connection with the var- ious methods of grinding there is used a num- ber of separating machines, sudh as sieves and reels, besides twelve special mixers, for making the many blended specialities in feeding meals, for which Messrs Lewis are so famous. There are two ta-rgla buildings for warehousing purposes, one being used for flour mall products and the other for general goods. There are also many other features of minor importance, including the foreman's office, Howard's workmens* time- dhecking clock, sack cleaning and storing rooms, joinery with circular saw and lathe, engineering shop, feeding cake store with crusher, flour pack- ing room, smithy for repair work and shoeing horses, stabling for 19 animals, and shedding for five wagons, a "Mann" steam wagon and sundry smaller vehicles. In the large mill yard there are two pure water wells, one being 40 feet deep and 6 feet diameter, and these supply the wheat washing plant. A nice suite of offices completes the range of premises, every part of which is ligihted by electricity, with about 180 lamps of 8 and 16 candle power. The means of safeguarding the mills from fire consist of stand pipes under town pressure, with plenty of 2 £ inch hose on every floor, besides a number of chemical ex tine tours. The best brands of flour made bv Messrs Lewis are "Snowdon Flake" and "Snow White," both being high-class patents of exceptional purity and bloom The third quality is branded "XX Patent," and is abo a high grade flour, and one which Wolsh bakers are fond of for general trade. Other brands are "XXX Bakers," -"I "Horseholds," "LLLL" and "Blue Tape." Aid. Thos. Lewis confesses that he named his mills and their top quality flour after the snow on the summit of Snowdon, because a flake of snow on that mountain is the acme of purity, and this is the standard which he and his sons always endeavour to maintain.
WELSH CHURCH COM- MISSION. ■ In the House of Commons, on Monday, Mr Walter Roch asked the Prime Minister when the report of the Welsh Church Commission might be expected. Mr Gladstone (who replied): The chairman in- forms me that he expects the draft report will be under the consideration of the Commissioners in a few -days' time.
Professor Gilbert Kapp, of Birmingham Uni- versity, in a paper on "Electrio Railways," said the high-speed experimental car had attained a opened of 160 milefi an ho
I MUSICAL NOTES. By Petu Edwards, Mus. Bae. ("Pidr Alaw"). RHYL BOXING DAY EISTEDDFOD. This popular Eisteddfod is as full of promise as ever: the number of entrants in each oom- petition, is ample proof of this. Suoh meetings, bold at a central town like Rhyl, in a splendid Pavilion suoh as that town possesses, cannot fail to be an attraction during the festive season of Christmas—when the musio- loving people of Wales specially look forward for an outpouring of sweet sounds! This year there is a special reason for looking forward to this Eisteddfod, viz., the engagement of MISS MAGGIE DAVIES, the ever-popular Welsh soprano, whose presence as a songstress ought to fill the Pavilion to over- flowing. There is always something' to be learnt in listening to a singer w.ho knows his or her art thoroughly, and Miss Davies knows it. Hbe entries up to the last few days were aa below, bull of course, others are, I understand, expected. At any) rate, there is a musical treat in store for Rhyl residents and visitors on Box- ing Day! Entries: Male voice choirs, 7; mixed choirs, 2; juvenile choirs, 7; quartettes, 5; duetts, 4; sopramo solo, 7; contralto, 4; tenors, 7; bass, 6; dhalkmge solo, 16; juvenile solo, 6; pianoforte playing 5. < WELSH FOLK SONGS. This subject is spoken of in many musical ciroles now'-a-days. A prize was, I believe, offered for a collection by the Llangollen Eis- teddfod Committee, and the London Committee are offering a prize for arranging some of the songs in the collection of Miss Jane Williams, Aberpergwm. Mr Lloyd Williams, of Bangor, has edited a small volume, recently published in London; and he has still in his possession a large number of folk songs, which will be published as soon as funds will permit. If some of these are as good as several in toe volume referred to, they deserve publication. Miss Mary Daviea, the famous vocalist, takes a great interest in the subject of Welsh folk sonars; and it was upon her suggestion oW-ld strong recommendation of those recently pub- liahed Mr Lloyd Williams, that the London Eisteddfod Committee included about half-a- dozen in various solo items for competition. Probably no more effective means could have been devised to popularise these songs. Folk songs have been in vogue at least since the Middle Ages. When the famous companies of singers, called Troubadours, popularised them, then persons of high rank joined them; but in course of time the singing of folk songs degenerated into "Fair day" vocalism. Witbin the last hundred years Wales has liad a fair share of such minstrelsy, and it is well its days are over. No good can come of inartistic sing- ing of poor music wedded to doggerel poetry Apart from this, however, ample proof has been given of the existence of really good melodies among the people of Wales—melodies transmit- ted from parents to children, relations to rela- tions, or friends to friends, and it is well some- one should take an interest in collecting as many as possible of them and arranging them for publication. Besides, we have excellent lyrical writers^ from whose works meet suitable words can be selected for them. How folk songs came into existence may be imagined without any great effort on the reader's part. Tho people must give expression to their feedings of joy, sorrow, hope, etc., and to a people possessing the imaginative, poetical, temperament of the Welsh, nothing was more natural than that the poet-musician of long ago should expa-caa these things for the less talented among his fellows. I do not think I should bo wrong in stating that every nation upon earth has its folk-songs. I infer this from the fact that human nature is very much alike all the world over; that even those people who are out- side the pale of civilisation—people who know nothing' of the misery often attendant upon the struggle for existence in enlightened Britain to-day—have their periods of joy, sorrow, hope, etc., and endeavour to give expression to the same in soma sort of song. Folk-songs have a historical value, inasmuch as they often chronicle events. The important battle of "Morfa Rhuddlan" is an event, the relation of whidh in the form of a beautifully pathetic song sudh as we know, is more likely to re-kindle our feeling of patriotism than any- thing else I know of. Such a song is, there- fore, a precious heritage to a conquered people suoh as ourselves. The modern Welsh song may be totally diffe- rent from the 18th century Welsh folk-song, but much of the spirit of the latter lives in the for- mer and thus do many things fulfil their pur- pose. There is no reason, however, why a pret- ty folk-song which lives in the memory of the. few should not become the property of the many. Therefore, we should rejoice when we hear of the riches of Welsh folk-songs which are likely to bo placed within our reach before long. < < < < WAGNER'S MUSIC. "Tbo Musical Times" quotes the following "special criticism" from a Welsh newspaper anent a concert! performance of "Die^H^alkure": Wag"ner thought to acquire greatneSVby com- plexity- Saturdays performance was a mass of diisoords without resolution or cadence design, the music repeatedly closing on the leading note. At times every instrument of the ninety per- formexs was playing away, and every part bear- ing no oonneotioai whatever with one another. The mental effect was grotesque. One fact I am convinced of is, that Wales will never appreciate Wagner, and a audience would be disgusted, providing always it is a concert performance. The following is tihe observation of the M. T.: "We forbear to give the name of the Welsh town referred to, as it might hurt the feelings of its inhabitants. Poor Wales! Poor 'Special Oriticdsm.' jThe critic in question ought to have known it is not fashionable novv-a-cJays to write or speak unfavourably of Wagner's music. Thirty years ago it was very different. < ELGAR'S SYMPHONY. At last t'he great English composer has pro- duced a symphony It was first performed in Manchester under Dr. Richter, to whom the work is dedicated. The success of the work in Cotonopolis has been repeated in London, where it received nothing but praise: It is acknowledged to be as splesidtdly independent as it is masterly in conception. The orchestra- tion is a thing of joy. ROBERT FRANZ. Carl Ambruster recently lectured upon this neglected German composer. He paid an enthu- siastic tribute to him, remarking that he and some others ranked in a trinity with Schubert and Schumann. Even in Germany, only a few of his songs are being sung, although he com- posed 280. a < w w If A GOOD groRY. A story of a song by an Italian composer— Spinelli-is told. He took the memlscuript to a publisher, who, after looking at the first line of the song (it was for soprano) handed it back to the astonished composer with the remark, "My dear friend, there is not a woman in the world who would sing this song !—it began with the words: "When I was young and beautiful!" MUSIC IN RELIGIOUS SERVICES. A musician remarked recently that the reason why Roman Catholicism, gained ground in Eng- land every year was because of the superiority of the music sung in its services. Churchmen and Nonconformists of Wales see to it that you make your churdh and dhapel music as perfect and as attractive as possible! < < < SIR WALTER P ARRAfIT SPEAKS. Sir WaJter says that a man of letters would probably condemn sixty per cent. of the h^ mns in any collection; and the man of music would condemn an equal proportion of the tunes (In the ground of weak sentiment. According to this, the people of England and of Wales must have hymn tune books, which are far from be- ing perfect! Those whose tunes were left out of present collections can, therefore, take heart- their dbance of immortality is get to come it A RHUDDLAN MUSICIAN. The old town of Rhuddlan possesses a police officer who is organist in the C.M. Chapel. I am glad to hear it, and wonder how many of our English, friends can point to such officers having the ability and inclination to serve the cause of musio and religion in sudh a way ? MENDELSSOHN. A recent writer points out this favourite com- poser's "waning popularity" (?} and to the aft- repeated faot tha/t be never suffered as many gem uses have. He infers tihat Mendebsohn- great compose* that he wae-rinight have been ever, greater had he "been made perfect through aufiermg;" in odbet wordfe, Bad be shared Inej fate of *-fet izHtanoe, Soimbert and Moeart. Nd doubt those who suffe* have enlarged sympathise; but it is xfio to speculate how different Mendels- sohn would hove been under different and less favourable circumstances; or whether Scbubertj and Mtasairt would have given the world greater works had theff em joyed the luxuries that tell to the lot of Mendelssohn. We must be content wHih them aB they are, and be grateful that they did so much to beautify the world of music. I have received a copy of a musical setting by James Coleman, Vicar CSmroJ at ladkeld Cathe- dral, to words by J. H. E. While. The words are good, and an improvement upon many which are to be met with for caa-ol pur- poses. I suppose it is a poet's licence when he wntes that "flocks were safely seal'd." In Ve1"8e V. the meaning in the last of the two lines is not) quite okax- "Glory to Him for endless days, Life in the world to come." We know what the poet wants to express, but wisth he had avoided the possibility of two mean- ings in the last line. Regarding the musio, it is a pretty piece, stately and devotionad. The harmony is rich, and helps to deepen the sentiment expressed in the melody. In bar nine the musio changes from Key E flat into that of A flat, but remains there only during one bar and a half. If re- issued, I should advice that bars 9-12 remain in A flat for two reasons: (1) it will give Key A flat a better chance of establishing itself; (2) it will, by contrast, give an added freshness to the musio to the words "Far in the East," etc. The last chord but four in the piece, viz., bbat of the Dominant Major thirteenth, is most ap- propriate and effective. I can strongly recommend tihis carol to those wishing to sing a new one. The publishers are the City Music Publishing Co., Lichfield. Price, twopence. Mr Coleman is well-known professionally to a large number of "Pioneer" readers, because he has proved himself one of the most popular baritone vocalists yet heard at Cohvyn Bay.
THE NEW PENMACHNO SCHOOL. LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD REFUSE TO SANCTION LOAN FOR PURCHASE OF SITE. INTERESTING LETTERS. (To the Editor of the "Pioneer."). Sir,—I should be obliged if you would insert the following letter from the Local Government Board, which, as your readers will observe, is addressed to the Clerk of the Carnarvonshire County Council, and is the decision of the Higher Authority upon the Council's application to bor- row money for the purchase of a site and the erection of a school thereon, at Penmachno. To those of the public who have not followed the fierce and protracted discussions that took place at the Education Committee's meetings, in re- spect of the erection of new Council Schools at Penmachno and elsewhere, the contents of the Local Government Board's letter will come as a surprise, and even shock. It shows how the ratepayers' money is being frittered away on costly sites, owned by Radical friends of members of the Council. The case of Penmachno is un- usually glaring, and it exposes the really repre- hensible manner in which the County Authority "rushed" the business through. As the Assist- ant Secretary to the Board points out, the site was aotually purchased before application was made for consent to borrow the money, and when the Local Government Board Inspector came to hold the inquiry, the works were in progress- The result is that "the Board do not think that satisfactory steps were taken for the selection of a site. They are dis- posed to think that a more economical site might have been obtained, which would have been suitable. In these circumstances the Board are not prepared to consent to the borrow- ing of money in respect of the purchase of the site." The Rector of Penmachno pointed out at the inquiry that several cheaper and infinitely better situated sites were available, but all the evidence in the world was useless when the bargain was actually struck, and the purchase effected. It made the Government inquiry a pure farce, and nothing else. The site of the new school, which will be opened to-morrow, with a great flourish of trum- pets, is about one of the worst that could be found. Probably the majority of the children have to cross the river and climb up a steep hill to reach the building. Almost adjacent is the village sewage tank, and in passing, I might say that it would relieve public anxiety if the autho- rities assured them that the school drainage does not go into the river. The Radical party on the Council have certainly not distinguished themselves by the exercise of economy. Another instance of needlessly throwing the ratepayers' money away was at Bethesda, where some hundreds of pounds were spent in the pur- chase of the Cefnfaes School site, which, by the way, is adjacent to a big rubbish heap. The discussion at the next meeting of the Council will be decidedly interesting.—Yours, etc., ONE INTERESTED. The following is a copy of the letter referred to:- (COPY.) Local Government Board, Whitehall, S.W. 28th November, 1908. Sir,—I am directed by the Local Government Board to advert to the application of the Carnar- vonshire County Council for consent to borrow £ 1750 in respect of the provision of a public elementary school at Penmachno. The Board direct me to refer to the fact that the site was purchased before application was made for their oonsent to the loan, and that the works were in progress when the Board's in- spector, Mr Reed, visited Penmachno in April last. The Board do not think that satisfactory steps were taken for the selection of a site, and, on the information before them, they are dis- Eosed to think that a more economical site might ave been obtained which would have been suit- able. In these circumstances, the Board are not prepared to consent to the borrowing of money in respect of the purchase of the site. With regard to the buildings, the Board have decided with some hesitation, to authorise the borrowing of the sums of JB1458 for the erection of the buildings, and 2192 for furniture and fittings. Their formal consents to loans of these The Clerk of the Carnarvonshire County Council. amounts are forwarded to you herewith. The consents are given on condition that ar- rangements will be made for disposing of the drainage of the school in a satisfactory manner, and that the supply of water for drinking and lavatory purposes, etc., will be obtained from the mains of the Rural District Council of Geir- ionydd, the water from the stream near the site being used only for flushing the water closets. The Board understand that the water can be stored in two cisterns, each with a capacity of 350 gallons, which are to be provided in the roof of the building. I am to add in reference to the loan of £ 192, that the cost of attendance boards must not be charged against the loan as the Board do not consider that they con properly consent to the borrowing of money for such articles. The Council must clearly understand that should they in future adopt the irregular course of proceeding with the purchase of land or the erection of buildings, the cost of which it is in- tended to defray out of borrowed moneys, before obtaining the Board's sanction to the necessary loan they will run the. risk of having to defray the cost out of current rates. I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant, I.. (Signed) JOHN LITHIBY, Assistant Secretary.
THE CHURCHES. The Rev. J. Rowlands, D.D., Llanelly, who has been in the Baptist ministry for sixty-two years, is retiring. Dr. Rowlands is a native of Llanfachreth, Dolgelley. The Rev. H. Cernyw Williams has just com- pleted his fortieth year as pastor of the Baptist churches at Cynwyd and Corwen. Mr Williams is a native of Llangernyw, and has been in the Baptist ministry for 43 years. His services have this year been partly reoognised by his election as President of the Welsh Baptist Union, and in addition his friends in all parts of Wales joined recently in presenting him with a national testimonial. The first instalment of the Church extension scheme recently inaugurated in Wrexham is al- ready in the builders' hands. Last week the committee met to go through the tenders for erecting the Church House, and that of Messrs W. E. Samuel and Son was accepted at £3720, exclusive of furniture, etc. It is anticipated that when completed the building will cost £ 4300, ex- clusive of site. NEW RECTOR OF LLANDDOGET. 'The living of Llanddoget, near Llanrwst, has been offered to, and accepted by the Rev. Ellis Davies, curate of St. Giles', Oxford, formerly of Old Col • 9
■I I i HUNTING. SIR WATKIN WYNN'S HOUNDS. These hounds met at Bettisfield Park on a-fr urday. They found a fox in the Bettvfield Wood, but, unfortunately, he ran into some wire netting, and hounds chopped him. The nexti fox was discovered emerging from the covet close to the Hanmer road, and be swung away down to Hanmer Mere, then turned right-handed past Hanmer Old Hall and to cover on the ban^» Crowing the Whitchurch-Hanmer road he wont very fast, in & ring back as far as the Bangoc road, and passed into the big wood Btelowl Gredington, and back just below Gredingtoo Hall, and swung round left-handed to Bettisfield. There were then two foxes in front of them, and they hunted one of them back to the Hanmer Old Hall, where the cb.-ae was reha. quished. This must have been a capital hound hunt, lasting over an hour, but it was unfortu- nate that bounds managed to give the slip to the field. They then made for the Fens, where a fox was soon on foot. Scent seemed not to have improved, however, and after running the fox up and down the Fens hounds lost their qua. 91
SIR W. W. WYNN'S HOUNDS will meet Saturday, December 19 Broughall At 10.30 Monday, December 21 Gredington Wednesday, December 23 Cockshutt Thursday, December 24 Aldersey Saturday, December 26 Maipaa At 10.15. THE PLAS MACHYNLLETH HOUNDS. Will meet Friday, December 18 Abergwydol Bridge.: 11.0 a.m. THE FLINT AND DENBIGH HOUNDS Will meet Saturday, Dec. 19 Llysmeirchion, 11.0 a.m. THE ANGLESEY HARRIERS. will meet on Saturday, December 19th Llanbedrgooh. Wednesday, December 23rd Bodorgan Hall. Saturday, December 26th Llangefni Each day at 11.45 a.m. NORTH MONTGOMERY FOOT HARRIERS will meet Saturday, December 19 Trewylan (By permission of the Tanat Side) At 11. Monday, December 21 2. Llwyr At 10.30.
HOCKEY. INTERNATIONAL TRIAL MATCH. An important trial match, East v. West, will be played on the Denbigh club's ground ott Saturday. A splendid game is anticipated, aa both teams are representative. The East half- back line is very strong', all three men being internationals. Much interest is being -taken in the matdh, and at the close there will be a ban- quet at the Crown Hotel. One important change ia made in the West team, the captain, W. E. Jones, of Llandudno, the well-known inter- national, being prevented from playing by in- disposition. His place will be taken by G. Bryner, Carnarvon. E. Bone will captain the side, and F. W. Fosberry act as vice-oaptain. Both men are internationals. The teams will be- East: A. Bowman (Denbign), goal; Wynn. Reeoe (Denbigh.) and R. N. Lloyd (Newtown), backs; F. White-house (Wrexham), G. Panry; Jones (Denbigh), vice-captain, and F. Connor (Rhyl) captain, halves; J. Owen. (Ruabon), Stroud-Jones (Ruthin), T. P. Pritchard (New- town), F. Foster (Newtown), and W. B. Thomas (Ruabon), forwards. West: A. Williams (Pwllheli), goal; H. Thomajl (Holyhead) and F. W. Fosberry (Carnarvon), vice-captain), backs; Ernest Parry (Llandudno), P. G. Elias (BangOr University), and R. Wood- ward (Llandudno), halves; E. Bone (IAandudno), captain, A. Hardcastle (Pwllheli), G. BrAw (Carnairvon), W. Bailey (Llandudno), and Owen (Holyhead), forwards. Bully-off 2.30 p.m. Referees: H. B. Douehty-Davies (Coln BajJ and W. Gunner (Rhyl). (Further items of Sports appear on 4tlh and 5tli Pages.)
VALE OF CONWAY FANCIERS' ASSOCIATION. MEETING AT LLANDUDNO JUNCTION. A meeting of the Vale of Conway and District Fanciers' Association was held at the Old Junc- tion Hotel, Llandudno Junction. Mr A. Gof Eastwood presided over a poor attendance. Mr A. T. Johnson, the secretary, submitted the statement of accounts, showing a credit bal- ance of 23 118 7d. The members' show held recently was a complete success, with the excep- tion of the dog section. There were now 231 members of the Association. Mr Cragg proposed, and Mr Johnson second- ed, that the dog section be eliminated from the < Association. This was carried by a large majOoi a rity, one member only voting against the pro-, posal. Mr A. G. Eastwood was elected chairman of the committee, and was also heartily thanked for his services in connection with the last show. Numerous vice-presidents were elected, and a General Committee appointed. The following officials were re-elected:—Hon. veterinary sur- geon, Mr W. J. Bushnell, M.R.C.VS., F.E.V.M.S.; hon.' auctioneer, Mr W. C. P. Dew; hon. solicitors, Messrs Porter, Amphlett* and Jones; hon. auditors, Messrs A. R. Temple, F.C.R.A., and F. W. Jones; hon. treasurer, Mr Owen Rowland, J.P.; bankers, The National Provincial Bank of England, Ltd., Conway; aeji secretary, Mr A. T. Johnson, Glan Conway.
MENAI TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. A FEW EDUCATIONAL WANTS. .The annual meeting was held on Saturday, M1 W. J. Roberts, Penmaenmawr in the chair. Mr W. R. Jones, secretary, in his report; stated that the area covered by the Association was the "cleanest" in the matter of non-members in North Wales (applause). The following were elected officers for the eftoi suing year:—President, Mr Arthur Thomas, Beth-eeda; vice-president, Mr D. Jones, Llan- fairisgaer; treasurer, Miss Bennett, Llanfairis- gaer; secretary, Mr W. R. Jones; press secre- tary, Mr S. D. Williams, Bangor. The new President delivered an address on "A Few Educational and Professional Wanta." Among these he mentioned (a) an end to the present education controversy, which waa im- posing a life-ksng handicap on the rising genera- tion; (b) more fully qualified teachers on the school staffs; (c) greater aid from the Imperial Exchequer. Another requirement was an im- provement in the Superannuation Act (hear, hear1). The average amount paid to each of 4168 Civil servants during 1908 was 2150, while the amount paid to each of 2443 teachers in the way of superannuation and breakdown allowances averaged only JB26. A doorkeeper of the House of Commons, after 38 years' service, received a. pension of 9200, while for a similar length of service a certificated teacher would receive £38 (shame). The following were afterwards nominated a6 candidates for the offices named on the County; Association of TeachersVice-president, Mr R. E. Jones, Nant Peris; treasurer, Miss Crowther, Carnarvon (Mrs King, Bangor, declining nomina- tion) secretary, Mr W. R. Jones, Bangor. The following were appointed representatives on the Council of the County Association« Messrs Arthur Thomas, Tyntwr, and W. J« Roberts, Penrnaenmawr. SBBEBBBaBBOOK
The rough lot of men out west who had just lynched a man tried to break the news gently to his wife, and added—"We admit we've hunig the wrong man, so you've got the laugh of uq there." Four men were drowned by the. capsizing of aj coal barge on the Mersey at Liverpool on Friday., This year's Nobel Prize for Physics has been awarded Professor Rutherford, of Manchester University. Mr R. C. Selfe, assistant secretary, has beea appointed secretary and financial adviser to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. Sir Alfred Jones stated at a meeting the other day that the blue books issued in connection with! the Sewage Disposal Commission had ooefc £ 50.000. The Nineteenth District of Ohio, once repr&o eented in the United States Congress by Presi- dent Garfield, is now represented by Mr Aubrejj Thomas, a native of Carmarthenshire, who leql Wales whoa two ywa olg,