A Baby's Diet. The inquest held at Rhyl this week reveals the extraordinary amount of ignorance -on the proper (method of feeding infants. From the evidence of the father, it appeared that the child, who was oirly seven months old, had been habitually fed on meat, bacon, and, as he sig- nificantly put it, "anything that might be on the elate at the time." In fact, on the night before the child's death, it had been served with a little meat off a pork chop, and this the doctor thought might have proved fatal from the con- ditions of the organs. There were some grounds to believe, however, that the baby had been overlaid by the mother while asleep, and acci- dentally suffocated, and the jury took that view of the (matter. Both causer were, of course, preventible, and the sad little story emphasises anew the importance of educating ohcldr bearing mothers in their duties. In view of the alarm- ing decrease in the birth-rate in England and Wales, even one young life cannot be lost to tihe ration in thJ; manner^ and for that, if for no other reason, tihe gcod work initiated by Colonel Com wed lie West in Denbighshire should be emulated. < w w Men-of-War at Llandudno. Vico-Admi'ral Curzon Howe and his divferon of the Atlantic fleet will, no doubt, have a reception at Llandud.no to-morrow worthy of the town. It is singular ihat wihiie we all know a good I deal about OUT soldier very few ctf us have any conception of the conditions under which exists the "handy maun," who is responsible for our first line of defence. From childhood to old age inlanders and others dwelling away from dockyards and naval stations have heard and read of the "figihting nary," but many have not 6e remotest idea what a m-n-of-war is like, Utougb contributor* towarnc fthe coat leii ita- construction. North Waliane have had few op- portunities of seeing a modern wa.r vessel, and we have no doubt that this has much to do with the fact that North Wales is regarded 86 a poor reoruiting ground for the Navy. A few suoh visits as tibi. would, we feel sure, spcedijy remedy matters in this direction. it it Foreshore Rights. Prestatyn is just now realising a difficulty which some yo-,ra ago faced Llandudno, and ha* at, times hampered other seaside resorts. It i. all a Question cf the control of the foreshore. Lady McLaren, the present holder of the* e fore- shore rights, is prepared to grant the Urban District Council the power to exercise certain. rights of control for a year, such power to be renewed year by year at her ple-asure. This, of course, ii, an impossible oondiDçn for any public body to consent to. The Council very properly point out that for practical purposes anything less than a ten years' lease would be of little use to the Council. We think the Council are very modefit in their request. Why should not such powers as are necessary for the proper con- trot of public bathing places be vested in the loc-al authority in perpetuity? The question of terms it, surely one capable of adjustment. A peer who is an important figure in tho A peer who is an important figure in tho Upper Chamber by reason of a very long a.nd very bushy beard, had dismissed his valet for the night. Shortly afterward-, however, he was much annexed to hear the peals of laughter from below, and called back the man to explain. The valet answered that it was just a little joke, but his lordship would have none of it, and demanded details angrily. "We-ll," ad- mitted the man with reluctance, "it was really a little game we were having, my lord." "What Kame?" "Well, my lord, a kind of guessing game." "Don't be a fcol, Walters; I rang for you in order to get afi explanation. What gucsijig game are you playing. Guessing what?" "We blindfolded the cook, to tell you the truth, my lord, and thou one of us kissed her, and &he had to guess who it was. The foctman held the mop up, and the kissed it, and then cried out, 'Oh, your lordship, how dare you? Thij week's will be the third successive Golf Union meeting held in the South of the Princi- pality. It is disappointing to find that none of I the Northern clube is sanding- a team. The Northern people must know that it has been only their inability to provide suitable course which heus prevented a recent visit to their 5ide of Wales, and they mig'ht, at any rate, have shown their sympathy with the Union's diffi- culties by continuing to compete it its meetings. The difficulties of travelling have i aen overcome before, and so need not be impcsiible now. How- ever, in spite of the absence of the Northern clubs, the entry for the team championship has increased by one, while there is a very sub- stantial increase in the competitors for the in- dividual championship. These on Mcwiday af- ternoon numbered about ,r:r: Obviously, more interest is being taken in the event, and scfiie in- crease in the entry may be due to the reduction elf the handicap bringing to the meeting a rather better claen of golfer on the whole. W. H. Ball, the Bangor professional, is competing for the championship. it Aberystwyth, eays "Truth," has invented a new form of entertainment for visitors which promisee to become so popular that it mat7 be recoaimended to the consideration of other sea- side municipalities as a cheap attraction. The title of the entertainment has not yet bee.n de- cided upon, the choice being about equally di- vided between "Mayor-baiting" and "A Short Way w:th Councillors." The performance takes place in the Town HaE, all seats in the gallery being free to visitors and townsmen alike. The initial performances have been so successful that the Aberystwyth Tcwn Council contemplate se- curing a larger hall for the remainder of the season, while the shouts of applause and hearty laughter have testified to the delight afforded by a really merry piece of fooling. 0 0 0 0 It is of interest to note that Mrs Townsend Mainwaring, of De.nbigh, the c(d lady of 96 years who performed the opening ceremony at the Church bazaar near Rhyl last week, is the only direct deecendent living cf old Salisbury family, who flourished exceedingly at Lleweni and the Vale of Clwyd. The most famous member, William Salisbury, was gifted with very considerable literary attainments, and, be- sides being' the author of numerous books, to hiim is duo the honour cf having first translated the New Testament into Welsh. This was in 1567. The more the Old Age Pensioi?- Act is ex- amined the more it is felt that the greatest diffi- culty will be experienced by the local committees in administering it. Lawyers who are studying it in the interest of their clie.nts complain that it has been very, loosely drafted, particularly the clauses relating to means and income. Too much discretion appears to have been left to local and central pension authorities, and it is quite likely that the Act will be construed in a far more generous manner in some districts than it will be in others. The Act, again, does not define the terms "medical and surgical assist- ance supplied by or on the recommendation of a medial officer": whether the receipt of such assistance in a workhou'e infirmary is a disquali- fication or it. It is felt that the Local Govern- ment Board should issue some directions on this point before January 1st, amd when the House meets overtures to the Local Government Board will be made with this object. 4 0 0 With the Teport cf the Cambrian Railway Company, which was issued on Tuesday, the Welsh Railway record for the past half-year is now complete. Naturally the result.3 have proved less satisfactory than those for the first half of 1907. but with two notable exceptio the di- vidends have not suffered much. South Wales has, ctf course, felt the effects of the reaction in business, and the depression in the local iron and steed trades has been exceptionally severe, but two important factors which have to a large extent counteracted the effects of declining gen- eral trade have been the sustained activity of the foreign demand let- Wehti ocal and (the high wage rates paid in the coalfield. Among the small lines the principal feature is the de- cline shown by the Festiniog Railway, owing' to the depression in the date trade. The Bala and Festiniog had the benefit of the military camp at Trawsfy.nydd, which compensated for a decline in Cecal traffic, but the results of the Ross and Monmouth line show that tourist business in the Wye VaJley did not come up to last year's level. The Cambrian records a decrease in receipts of small amount, a decline in minerals being partly balanced by increases in other goods and in passengers. ———'
tbt Welsb Coast Pioneer." LARGEST CIRCULATION ON THE COAST. THE SALE OF THE 1 Welsh Coast Pioneer Amounts to an average which, if tested, will show an EXCESS OF SEVERAL THOUSAND COPIES WEEKLY OVER Am OTHER PEN41 PAPcil Branch Offices LLANDUDNO MOSTYN STREET. LLANRWS1 WATLING S-FREET RHYL 9, HltiH STREET. ABERGELE AX rON HOUSE. London Representative MR. PERCY DAY, 74. FLEET STREET. fe TARIFF REFORM MEANS LOWER INCOME TAX AND WORK FOR ALL. l WE BEG TO INFORM THE PUBLIC THAT IN FUTURE, OWING TO PRESSURE UPON OUR COLUMNS, ALL LISTS OF WEDDING PRESENTS WILL BE CHARGED FOR AT ADVERTISE- MENT RATES. I
ST. ASAPH SANITATION. The Local Government Board Inspector's rc- port on the sanitation of the St. Asaph (Flint- shire) rural district is essentially an independent view of the various points concerning which there have been differences of opinion between the Rairal District Cou.ncil and their Medical Offioe-r of Healti, Dr. Lloyd Roberts. It will be recollected that when Dr. Roberts presented hia annual report some time ago he renewed hie vigorous appeal for reform in ;he sanitary arrangements existing in various pajrts of his district, and specified a number of matters to which he directed the Council's instant atten- tion. Some of the nionib,-if- took exoeption to the report, and the Medical Officer was eventually re- queued to reconsider it. This he refused to do, on the ground that it was correct, and because a copy of the report bad been already sent to the Local Government Board. By the casting vote of the then Chairman the Ccuncii decided not to invite an inquiry into the matter by the Local Government Board, but Dr. Roberts promptly accepted the implied challenge, and athl6 own request the whole position was inquired into by Dr. Fletcher, of the Local Government Board. That the Medical Officer has scored a trium- phant victory will be obvious to all who peruse the Inspector's report. His views have been substantially confirmed from first to la/t practi- cally. But Chat is not all. Tho Council have I been sternly reproved for neglecting their duty. While giving the two rural distTictc credit for improvements effected in Tecent years Dr. Fletcher declares "it is quite out of tibe ques- tion now to say that the Kajiitarty administration of either district is satisfactory., Dr. Lloyd Roberts's reports for recent years, and the late Dr. Whitaker's report on Llanddulas, and my own experience on an extended tour thrcug'h both districts alike convinco me that there has been a falling- off in the activity of sanitary ad- ministration, and that the two St. Asaph rural districts have not been so well looked afteir dur- ing recent yeans as thsey were formerly." These are not the hasty words of a public speaker, but those of a Government official who has made deliberate use of them in a well-cciisidered re- port, so that they must be regarded at their full value.
LLANDUDNO AND COLWYN BAY. It is to be regretted that the L!a.ndudno Ur I ban District Council have failed to meet the Cov'ivd Water Board with respect to the water chorees Under the terms of the agreenien. between thi two bodi the Llandudno Council have undertaken to supply a quantity of water to the Board under given circumstances at a charge of EIC per day. As the Council supply only one twenty-seventh of that quantity it is but an elementary point in equity to expect a reduction in tihe charge, end sure! y«J-h ere appears to be nothing charitable about reducing the charge by one-half. A nombelr of the coun- cillors appear to have overlooked the fact that the favou- sought at their han<? was sought not by Colwyn Bay, but by the Cowlyd Water Board. The Mayor of Conway, in. fact, was the first to urge the desirability of discussing terms with the Llandudno Council. To talk about conferr:,ng favours on Colwyn Bay was therefore Quite beside the mairk, It is true that Colwyn Bay will have to bear the largest proportion of the expenditure, but the ratepayers otf Conway borough and the Conway rural dia trict will now be suffering in coaieequence of an unfortunate misunderstanding between Llandud- no and Colwyn Bafy. As Mr E. E. Bone said, this would have been an excellent opportunity of showing the Council's good will towards Col- wyn Bav. but it is to be feared that an old sore which haa long festered will now be re- codified. a. fact which is all the more disappoint- ing because merely twothirds of the Council had a voice in the matter. Moreover, once the Cowl yd Board have their new main in working order they will be in a position to retaliate whenever Llandudno are short of water, which might happen at any moment under prevailing conditions. From all pointP of view, we think the decision of the Lkuuludno Council a L-ing-a- 1a.rh unfortunate one.
THE" PIONEER" AND THE LLANGOLLEN EISTEDDFOD We have pleasure in stating that the ser- vices of Mr Beriah Evans, the well-known lit- terateur, have been retained by the "Welsh Coast Pioneer" to write exclusive descriptive hcoounts of each day's proceedings of the Llangollen Eisteddfod. Mr Evana, who is well-known in bardic circles as Beriah Gwynfe, is one of the lead- ing Welsh writers, and is unrivalled for his powers of graphically describing the proceed- ings of the National Festival.
JASPER IN NORTH WALES.-The boom in jasper and heliotrope, due in part to the magni- ficent new frontage of the Norwich Union, in Piccadilly, has led many quarry-owners to give more careful attention to these most beautiful stones. North Wales is the richest field of sup- ply, the granite cliffs of South Carnarvonshire possessing an especially fine yield both in quality and quantity. Perhaps the finest vein has been discovered on the property of the Co-operative Granite Quarries at Aberdaron, who are BOW making energetic preparations to win it, and put it an the avkei
PERSONAL. Lady Ingestre is staying at Plas Newydd, Anglesey. Colonel II igsc-n, Plas Madcc, Llanrwst, is the oonsulting engineer for the Maypote Pit, the scene of iaK week's terrible disaster. Sir W. T. Lewis, Bart., K.C.V.O., is resigning the management of the Bute Docks, Cardiff, after 28 years *etrvice. Lord Ridley, the chairman elf the Tariff Re- Reform League, has accepted an invitation to address a demonstration in tho grounds of Gwrvoh Cattle, the seat of Lord and Dun- donaid, Abergele, on September 14th. Mr Ll. Hugih Jones, the Official Receiver for Chester and. North Wales, intends to leave Liv- erpool cm the 28th inst. for a tour in Canada and the United States, having been granted by the Board cf Trade seven weeks' leave of absence. The Bofrd of Trade have appointed Mr Francis Henry Hawkins, LL.B. (London), of Wrexham, to be Deputy Official Receiver in Mr Hugh Junes' absence. Sir Herbert and Lady Roberts have issued in- vitations to two garden parties at Bi-yngwenalit, which are to take place this week. At tho first, to be held on Friday, about 650 Abergele friends are to be entertained, and arathr larger number of po.itical frie.nds are in,r,teq on the following day. They wril ccire from prso- ticaily all parts cf West Denbighshire. His Highness the Maharaja of Kapurthala, K.C.S.J.. and IT.H. the Rami, accompanied by Captain Chaterje. Aide-de-Gamp, paid a shc.rt visit to Cobden's Hotel, Capel Curig, last week. II s Hxo'hncss, who rules over one cf the largo Indian States, was delighted with Capel Curig, and proposed ta.king the whole of the hotel for himself and «uite .next August for a month. Lord Alfred Dougfas is also a visitor at Cobden's Hotel. Vi-itors at Llandrindod Wells include the Earl and Countess c.f Listowel, Sir Walter Gilbey, Sir Waiter Vaughan Morgan, Sir Francis Monte- fiore, Sir Bargrave and Lady Deane. Sir Cyprian and Lady Bridge, Vice-Admiral Sir Reg-nald Henderson, Lady Audrey Buller, Adiniral Kane, the Bishop of Worcester, Lord ajid Lady Henea.g'e, Viscount Melville, Sir George and Lady Ramsev. Sir Alfred and Lady Scott-Gatty, Dr. Ward law Thompson (Pro-ident of the Con- gregational Union), Principal and Mrs Garvie, Lord Kesteven, Sir Daniel and Lady Morris, and Mr Timothy Davies, M.P.
THE ARMY. THE PRINCE ALBERT'S (SOMERSET- SHIRE LIGHT INFANTRY. Captain Lambton A. Jones-Mortimer, frogi half pay, to be captain, on augmentation, with precedence next below A..E. J. Wilson. Dat.d August 23rd, 1908.
THE TERRITORIALS. Major G. M. Grogan, Royal Irish Regiment, Adjutant of the 5th (Kilenny Militia) -Batt., has, on promotion, Leen appointed to the 2nd Batt., and Major R. A. Berners, Royal Welsh Fusiliers, also on promotion, to the 1st Batt. 6th (Carnarvonshire and Anglesey) Batt. Royal Welsh Fusiliers—Capt. lion. Charles R. Clegg-Hill, D.S.O., Royal Welsh Fusiliers, from the Adjutancy of the (late) 4th Batt. Royal Welsh Fusilieri. to be adjutant for the residua unexpired of his tenure, vice-Capt. Walter Lloyd, Royal Welsh Fusiliers, whose tenure of that appointment ha3 expired.
7th (MONTGOMERY AND MERIONETH- SHIRE; BATTALION ROYAL WELSH FUSILIERS. The under officers, from the 5th Volunteer Battalion the South Wales Borderer, are appointed to the battalion, with rank and precedence as in the Volunteer Force. Dated April 1st, 1908: Major Sir William Lennox Napier, Ba.rt., Captain David Davies, Chaptain Charles Edward Elwell, Lieu- tenant Pryce Victor Pryce-Jones, Second Lieutenant William John Evans, "Second Lieu- tenant Edward Wynne Lloyd-Jones, Quarter- master and honorary Captain William France Richards. Captain Algernon Edward Revelev Jc-Jf- Reveley, from the 3.rd Volunteer Battalion the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, to be captain, wj h precedence as in the Volunteer Force. Dated April 1st, 1908. THE WELSH REGIMENT. Second Lieutenant Douglas P. Dickinson to he lieutenant, vioo E. L. Willcox, promoted. Dated July 25, 1908. 3rd BATTALION THE ROYAL WELSH FUSILIERS. Dated June 28th, 1908: Captains—Herbert S. Coles, Hugh A. Kortright.
WILLS. Among latest wills are the following: — Mr Oliver Ormrod Openshaw (48), of Bron- gain Cottages, Llanfcchain, Montgomeryshire, a native of lltry, Lancashire, owner of large es- tateii in Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Shropshire; left L3000 to charities, including £ 1000 to the Southport Infirmary, and L250 each to the Churgh Army, Dr. Barnardo's HOTOCS, the Church Missionary Society, and the Man- chester Royal Infirmary, Dispensary, and Lunatic Hospital or Asylum. He left his es- tates and £ 10,000 to his son Herbert Arthur Openshaw when he attains the age of twenty- one, and to his wife during widowhood an an- nuity of £ 2500, or in the event of her remar- riage an annuity of £ 80(1 The ultimate red- due of his estate he lew upon trust for all his children, equally. The gross value of the estate is sworn at £ 314,614. The will has tren proved of Mr John Alex- ander Walker, J.P.. aged 79, of Mer Vue. Old Colwyn, formerly of Sorrento, Colwyn Bay, and late of Seafort Lodge, Blackrock, County' Dub- lin, for many years district, manager of the Palatine Fire Insurant* Company, Dawson- street, and at one time a leading member of the Dublin Corporation, and actively connected with the promotion of the Dublin and Blessing- ton Steam Tram-way. The gross value of the estate is sworn at £1212.
THE CHURCHES. CALI. FOR A HOLYHEAD PASTOR. The Rev. Thomas Evans, P44or of the Ar- menia C.M. Chapel, Holyhead, has been invited to take charge of the Bethesda C.M. Church, Amlwch. DEATH OF A NOTED WELSH CLERIC. The Ven William Latham Bevan, who re- signed the office of Archdeacon of Brecon about a yea.* ago, died on Monday, at his residence, The Towow, ll ecoin. in his 88th year. The rev. gentleman, who was born in Wal on the 1st May, 1821, was educated at Rugby and Hertford College, Oxford. faking his B.A. (2nd Class Lit. Hun..) degree in 1842, and his M.A. in 1845. Ordained in 1844 he first held the curacy of St. Phillip's, Stepney, and from 1845 to 1901 fas vicar of Hay, in tihe diccw.e of St David's. being appointed Canon in 1879, and Archdeacon of Brecon in 1895. One of the most distinguished men in the lis Church of Wales, his ext)ra-eoolesia«tical appoint- menta included the following: —Prebendary of Llanfues in St. David's Cathedral, 1895; Chaplain to the Bishop cf St. David's, 1897; and Examin- ing Chapla-n to the Bishop, 1881-97. He was the author of several pamphlet^ on Church Defence and other works of hig-h literary merit, includ- ing "The ManuaQ of Ancient and Moder.n Geo- graphy," and he was responsible for a Diocesan History of St. David's. His son, the Rev. E. Latham Bevan, the present Atfohdeaoon of Brecon.
FARMERS' SUPPLY ASSOCIATION. — Colonel Uotton-Jodrell, C.B., received on Mon- day at Reaseheath Hall, Nantwich, in the pre- sence of a large gathering of farmers from Che- shire, Shropshire, and North Wales, a costly silver-gilt epergne in recognition of his services as Chairman of the Cheshire, Shropshire, and North Wales Farmers' Supply Association du- ring the last twenty-one years. The presenta- tion was made by Canon Armistead. Colonel Cotton-Jodrell, in acknowledging the gift, said he should treasure it as an heirloom of his family. The subscribers to the presentation, who were all members of the Association, numbered some three buadred,
MUSICAL WALES. In tho course of some desultory reading, I hap- pened tiie oulier day upon a book by tne distin- guished Welsh flautist, Mr Fred. Griffith, at one time solo flautist at the Royai Opera, Co vent Garden, which gave an interesting a.nd sufficient- ly critical account of the imuMcai art, jn Wales. 'Tii'b accidoiit, combined with the finding among my papers of a lengtny let.uar from another 011 W ales's iiij&t dist.ingu.shcd musical sons, the oc- cupant of a particularly lofty position, who .never- thelet s. desires to remain anonymous, turned tiie trend of my thoug'hts to the gallant little Prin- cipality and its mu-oal doings. Says Mr Giif- ikih "Waies has the reput-ation a being a. mu- sical country, and in many ways it may be said that ehe deserves the appellation. At the same time, it is a singular fact, that, whilst no coun- try has displayed snore natural aptitude for music, there is none which has made so small an in)pres.-k>n upon the history of the art. The ex- planation of this (at firct sight.) strange statement is not far to eeek. \Valt„ suffers from trie very prodigality olf her gifts. Music seems to come to her children as instinctively an speech. Sing- ing is the natural gift of the Welshman it is his amusemtMi-t, his consolation at all times. Theie its no village, however small, but has its choir or its unaie voice party." Possibly this is true in every particular. Certain- ly it is the .traditional and the general belief. Acroncs of the last statement that all villages, however smal, have their ohoim, male, female, cr mixed. I have a clear recollection of a village quartet which existed some years ago, and, so •far as I know, still exists and sing; the bass of which owned one of the mist glorious voices it haa ever been my lot to listen to. The oc- ca< ion on which I heard it was that of a village concert- in a (mountainous re-sort, wherein I was spending a portion of my summer holidays. My host was a large landed proprietor, who, in vir- tue of having built and endowed the Iccal whcol, controlled that institution. In the building he, or his father before him, had erected, was a large room admirably adapted for entertain- ments, and at one such entertainment tins superb bass vo OS was to be heard. A number of my hoist',? guests had organised a ceneer," among tihems-elves ohiefly for the benefit, so far as memory serves, of some local charity, and, in order to give "local colour" to the entertainment, and .no doubt with a view to attracting the natives of the dislrict, talent from the immedi- ate neighbourhood wa,, summoned to give of its best. It wus this -Lihat attracted particular at- tention, for it strongly supported Mr Griffith's statement, and it had for me, at any rate, an in- terest entirely its own. The celebrities from the "Hall" were undoubtedly good of their kind, and for that rea.-on the "locals'' fought shy of competing, as it were, with them upon their own native platform, which says something for their critical faculty. No native of the v;llage could be induced to take. an active, a platform, part in the entertainment. As the arrangers insisted upon aboriginal talent being present, it fell to their lot. to discover out-ide the immediate rad- ius of the village a willing few. THE LOST BASS. At length a male quartet was discovered able, and anxious, to participate. The four yo-nths, of about 25 years of age, it comprised we( guardians of various flccl-,5 oir (followers of the ploug'h or of a kindred implement. Rough, uncouth they were, and so thoroughly aboriginal that they had no EnjJivh whatever among them- But voices they aill had, and of quite fiiSv-iate quality. Tho bass, however, stood out entirely bv himself. Such a voice as his, wh-cfi could oing the low C and B flat till the dust danced upon the schcolroom floor, I have not heard out of a Russia.n church choir in Russia, and the Welshman's wa.; incomparably the more flexible and the wider in range. So deep was the :m- pression this youth s voice made upon me that, through aji interpreter, I made ¡r.n offer, guaran- teed by a brother guest.. to pay the base singer a handsome stipend for five years on condition that he would abandon his buoollic calling and come up to London, there to study with the best mas- ters pr;<Jr to a sojourn on the Continent. But not a bit cf it would my bass have. To him the very idea, of forsaking flocks and herds, his native mountains, the village maidens, and all the rest that combined, made up the sunn total of Life to him, wte obnoxious. And, so far as I know, that youth is &tiil vegetating' among hie friends, the sheep and the cattle-a youth who, with so glorious a voice, and having presumably normal intelligence, might by now be earning at Covent Garden and elsewhere as much per night in (salary as I was enabled by my friead to offer himi folr a ve-ar's keep. There is no doubt about the Welsh voices. To glance at the other side, as cfet forth in the letter referred to above. Says my correspondent, as thorough a Welshman and as keen an artist as ever drew breath. "The Welsh wi'd devote themselves wholeheartedly to a year's study of a worthless work for the sake of winning an Eis- teddfod prize. Otherwise there is no genuinely inherent love of imusie, or rather, no particular interest in it. A musicaj centre is required, is essential, from which shall radiate the right kind of influence; the standard of Welsh musician- ship mui-t be raised, and imoney-prizes at the Eis- teddfod-au must be abolished. The Welsh have a natural aptitude for reproducing music, if .not for creating it." I wish I could quote in cxt-enso the letter now lying' before me as I write. Its length, however, prevents thi-, and, therefore. I can but auote a few salient details. "Psalmody festivals are the solo musical institutions, apa'rt from the Ei-Jteddfodau. Every denomination in eaoh town and country district will have its Psalmody Festival, or 'Gynianfa Ganu' (I trust I may be forgiven if my transcription of the Welsh titles is incorrect), annually. 1 The pro- grammes consist of hymn tunes, anthems, and occasionally chants, with a familiar chorus by Handel or Mendelssohn. At these functions one hears frequently the most remarkable singing— remarkable, fha-t is, in its fervour un4 in ten. sity of expression. It seems to me that here is the great drawback to the pursuit of the high AJrt. EMOTION VERSUS ART. Gro-wds of emotional people congregate in over- crowded and ill-ventilated buhdings to unite in 3inging the hymns and old tunes they love ao well. Witlh their intense enthusiasm and im- agination (to say nothing of the over-heated room), they become unduly excited and elated, to mistake tOOiiT enthusiasm for inspiration. One of.ten witnesses such a result in meetings the participants in which will not be at the pains of learning a new yet superior hymn-tune, but prefer to grind out the old that they know, the result being aesthetically an5 artistically nil. A natural consequence of this is that among the foremost musicians, many of whom conduct these ea called festivals at, a fee (which often is a chief source of their income), some become thor- oughly saturated with this particular type a music, and take advantage of the manifest. °'P. poirtunity of making money out of it by writing music of the easy anthem character, especially for these gatherings. From the purely business standpoint this, of course, is correct enough, as on each occasion several hundreds, possibly thou- sands, of copies of the music are rold, But from the artistic standpoint there can be no question ctf it being an error, for these composers, capabk in many cafes of vastly better things, are in reality wasting* their genuine creative faculty. They sink into a groove and stagnate, and on seeking, as occasion may axige, to venture into other forms of Art, this Psalmody style of music oredominates. Another serious effect is that so much ap- narent fresuk is obtained by so little effort, and the people do mot, or cannot, see the force of struggling with more modern work of teas ob- viousfy emotional content. There1 can be no doubt that the most serious deterrent to the pro- greem of our ohoira has been, and stili is, in- ability on the part of the choristers (and often of the conductors), to read music intelligently. The Tonic-Selta notation ja, to my mind, an ad- mirable method far choristers ae a stepping stone to the older notation. Five and thirty jeart *go «4w«* used to be teucbt soua»whmt afW rhis style: The oonductor oould read the music,-Possibly two or three members of his choir were equally proficient. But the teaching was parrot-fashion. The conductor would siug a phrase, which the choir repeated. A few of the owners of better voices would be invited to the coiiductorfis house, who^re he wouOd teach them the notes, and in tur.n they would become the chorus leaders at rehearsal. This, of course, was a painfully slow process; when it is under- stood t-hat no kind of instrument was available, it is little short of remarkable that as much was achieved as actually wai achieved." But I must stop; possibly I may return to the subject one day. Enough has been said already, however, to f-how the enormous difficulties t.hat the Wekh singers, recruited as they are 'largely from among the colliers and iron workers, have had, and st.11 have to contend against. May be a day will scon come to pass when from among the enor- mous mass of Ireproduotive Welsh natural musi- cians will arise a genuinely great creator. He;8 sure of a welcome, .not only in the Principality but Daily Telegraph."
I CALVINISTIC METHODIST SASSIWN. QUARTERLY MEETINGS AT CARNARVON. FINANCES OF BALA THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE. CHAPEL DEBTS DISCUSSED. The quarterly meetings of the North Wales Calvinist-c Methodist Association opened at Carnarvon on Tuesday, the Moderator (the iifv. John Hugheo, Liverpool) presiding. The fir-st business meeting touk place at Mor- ia.h Chapel, there being a large attendance. It was decided to hold the next quarterly meetings at Doig'elley on November 3rd, 4tih ajrd 5 th. BALA THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE. The Rev. J. OWel], Mold, presented the re- uort. of the Executive Committee of the Baia. Theological College, which congratulated Princi- pal Ellis Edwards upon the distinction conferred upon linn by the Scottish University, and also Sir J. Herbert Roberts, a member of the com- mittee, upon the. knig. thoud wuiich had been oon'toired upon h.IL Mr Owen stated that Dr. Porter had been appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the appointment of Dr. Stephenson to the Hebrew chair at Edinburgh. T.he ap- pointment, however, was only temporary. W-th regard to the principal's report, they would notice that, there were eight fewer students than in the previous year. Through Mr Williams, of Liverpool, the sum of J820 had been provided for I the purpose of giving lectures in elocution at the oo-llege, and the committee feciing that tho work could iio,t be properly done for that money inc:xj.as?d the amount by £ 5. AS to the pro- posal to establish a chair of postoral theology at the college, it would involve an expenditure of £ 200 a year, and they had not the money in hand. The committee would be only too pleased to found a chair of Homc'letics and Pastoral Tneology if funds permitted, but until the funds wore forthcoming two of the senior professors would undertake the work. At the Preparatory School excellent work had bee.n done. A committee had b^en appointed to take into consideration the future location of the school, and also its financial pcsition. Mr J. R. DAVIES, Ceris, t.he treasurer of the college, stated that he had pleasure in congratu- lati.ng the Association upon the condition ot the institution. As they were aware, the conego really, ever since he had been connected with it -he was afraid to say how many years-had been in considerable financial difficulty, and dulr- ing the whole period 05 his association with the institution it had been up-hill work. Ths year, however, there was, an improvement, a.nd though they were net out of t,he fog, yet he hoped to live long enough to see the college established permanently (cheers). It bad no-t been alto- gether the fault of the committee; it had been very largely the f-au'lt of the Association. They attained a certain mark, only to find that the Association had placed a higher mark before them. When that ma'rk was reached the Asso- ciation made fresh demands. Then nature had also fought against them, as the oollege building was injured, and a considerable sum had b--eti enent on repairs but they had now arrived at what he might call a safe anchorage- and if the C8000 to L10,000 which was required was raised the college would be in a secure financial posi- tion. This year's accounts showed a credit bala.noe of J647 (hear, be-air). They should, however, remember that the year ended last De- cember, and since then one of the new professors had entered upon duties, and several salaries nad been increased, so that the accounts next year wou'd not look go. favourable unless the money thcv wanted came to hand. He had, however made up his mind on one point, having had the experience he had undergone wit;h the col- lege in debt, ro long as he retained the office off treasurer he would not allow the in- stitution to sink into debt again—(cheers)—and he hoped that that resolution of his would stimu- late thoee who had promised to collect money. If everyone else did their ",hare he would un- dertake that the college would not run into debt, but, cf course, if they neglected their work he would be freed from his promise. As far as the finances went tihey only required £ 7000 to put them in a position off security. Twelve months laP-t May Mrs Robert Rowlands, al. though under no obligation to do 00, kindly un- dertook to hand over to the college the £ 500 which Mr Rowland left in his will to be given to the college after Mrs Rowlands' death, but her love for the college was so great that she handed over the imrnev for its use during her lifetime. With the interest the money .now amounted to B525. As to the college generally, Mr DAVIES said that it. had been a matter of profound gratifica- tion to the college that the Scottish University had recognised the. work of their professors. It set a seal upon the labours of the committee (hear, hear). Principal ELLIS EDWARDS remarked that though th,re were fewer students the college was progressing. He was glad that special ab tention was to be devoted to elocution at the oollege as was done at other theological colleges. They 'must, however, have more money. It was his intention to go round England, Scotland and Ireland in search of money on behalf of the oolieete, but he heard that the country had been well drained by the Bangor College New Build- ings Fund, so he had postponed his mission. Rev. EVAN JONES (Carnarvon) advocated the publication of the diaries of Howell Harrif at Trevecca, which dealt with the history of the Calvinistic Methodist cause. PN-fessor WILLIAMS (Bala) supported the proposal, and fa id that Howell Harris wag now recognised as the first reformer of the 18th century, and not Whitfield or Wesley. Mr BENNETT (Llanbrynmair) remarked that other denominations knew more abo-ut Cadvini>- tic Methodism that they d:d -about themselves. Rev. JOHN WILLIAMS pointed out that Howell Harris was a voluminous writer, and it would not be wise to publish all fus diaries. It was decided to send a representation to the South Wales Quarterly Meeting on the sub- iect. CHAPEL DEBTS. The report with reference to chapel debts, which had been adjourned ftrom the las t quar- terly meeting, came up for discussion. Mr PETER ROBERTS (St. Asaph) submitted the report, and pointed out t;hat it was most important that they should deal with the matter at once. If they did not do so he was afraid that thev would not be able to overcome the difficulty. Their present debt reached some £ 600,000- Dulriiig the last tihree years the debt had increased by £ 189,000- On the other hand, he was glad to say that there were 600 churches free from debt; and that about 469 churches had debts under £ 500. What the cemmittee recom- mended was that, the Monthly Meetings and Presbyteries should make a strenuous effort to clear the debt in a time limit. They suggested three time limits as foflows:-T-he churches where the debt was under 2500, they proposed that it should be cleared in five years; churches where the debt was between £ 500 and £1000. the debt should be cleared in eight years; and churches where the debt was over £1000 should be paid in twelve years. He hoped that they would commence the debt-reducing work at ance. He also proposed that some members should be appointed to encourage the movement in the monthly meetings. The committee dealt with the measure^ to be taken to avoid sucih debts in the future. They recommended, among other things, that no per- mission be given to any place to buy -I"d or to erect or acquire buildings except where the (monthly meeting, through ite Building Commit- tee, had satisfied itself that such steps were ne- cessarv, that the outlay waP a reasonable one, and that at least one-fou,rth of the money was in hand before beginning to build. Rev. J. WILLIAMS (Brynsiencyn) supported the PTOPOMI, but he asked whether the country waø ripe for such a movement. Still, they had to face the situation. Mr EDWARD GRIFFITH (DolgeHey) said that he was certain that the spirit which pre- wufod in so cowqtzy was equal to die situation., Mr J. R. DAVIES (Ceiria) spoke further. He did not think that such an amount of debts was altogether to be deprecated. This country owed a large debt, but its security was sound. He was sure that it was because their denomination was able to offer such a good security that it could borrow money. So in a way a debt was a security to borrow money. Still, Mr Peter Roberts' proposal deserved consideration. He favoured the appointment of a committee to control the expenditure on new buildings of the different congregations. He also said that they should not allow themselves to be discouraged by what outsiders said, but proceed in t.he direct tion of checking unnecessary expenditure. Alderman EVAN JONES (Bala), and the Rev. ELLIS JAMES JONES (Carnarvon) made ad- ditional remarks. Rev. PULESTON JONES (Pwllheli) eeconded the proposal made by Mr Pet-er Roberts, recom- mending the appointment of gentlemen to visit the monthly meetings. The motion was carried, and the following' I were appointed: Meesrs Peter Robert, J. Owen (Che-te.r), Rev. J. Williams (Brvnsieneyii), Mr Matthews (Andwch). Mr Eva.n Jones (BaJa), Mr W. G. Williams (Llanrwst), Rev. Evan Davies (Trefriw). Mr Jonathan Davies (Portmadoc), Mr Wm. Morris (Oswestry), Mr E. Jones (Tre- witihan), Rev. T. G. Owen. M.A. (Liverpool), Rev. E. Parry (Newtown), Mr Owen Jones (B'aenau Festiniog), a.nd Mr WIll. Jones (Tyrol, Liverncol). PROPOSED ABOLITION OF THE SYNO. DICAL EXAMINATION. The Rev. John W iliiams opened a discui-sion on a rule proposed by tho General Assembly, by which candidate for ordination who have se- cured the B.D. degree of the University of Wales should bo exempted from passing tho svnodical examination. He regarded the syno- dioai examination as an anachronism, in view of the fact, that theology was now taught at Baja. and Aberystwyth, and it wal; not to be expected that young men would look up to it after passing other examinations which were considerably more difficult. He moved that the synodical exami- nation be abolished, and that every candidate for "0 should be posses ed of a certificate from the coilege authorities. Principal ELLIS EDWARDS (Bala Collcge) felt- strongly opposed to the abolition, on the g'roind that the synodical examination was tho only test of a candidate's orthodoxy (hear, hear). In the ab ence of euoh an examination it would be competent for a man whoso creed was faulty to be admitted into t.he ministry of the Con- nexicn. As an amendment he moved that the whole ouc; f c.n of examination of candidates be referred to a special committee. The Rev. WILLIAM THOMAS (LlanrwsQ seconded the resolution. The Rev. T.' C. WILLIAMS, though himself an examiner, admitted that the synodical ex- amination was a farce under present conditions. The Rev. JOHN WILLIAMS eventually with- drew his proposal in favour of t.he amendment, which wa., carried, and on the motic.n of the Rev. GRIFFITH ELLIS (Bootle), it was decided j to ask the same committee to consider the 1 method and conditions of ordination- in the future. CHRISTIANITY AND SOCIALISM. This was the subject discussed at a. public [meeting held III taie evening. The opening ad- dro.c, was dehve.ed by tne Rev. John Owen, iiowydd, secretary of the A; £ ocinition, who said that the religion of Wales stood in danger of bo,nR exclusively exercised in the direction of But it was well that they should occasionally apply their Christianity to the affairs of this world. It was not religion that made men a society. Men had an instinctive tendency to form imo society, and consequently men mlli-t be regarded not only as individuals, but in the ma. At present society was nothing than humanity out cf jont, and a society in a disordered state was a terrible thing to contemplate. The world was undoubtedly at the preoont day far from obla.ni.ng the high lueais of (Jhrirt. There were thousands of men upon whose spirit the sufferings and poverty of their feil-owmen lay as a heavy buideil. them were nwaiy who were not in any way associated with Christian.tv; many who with one iland endeavoured to raise a wall of protection and ahoiter for distressed, while with the other they tried to ouli down the walla of the city of God. It was, however, no part of his duty to criticise the religious b-rheves of those people, but to con- sider whet the Church and those who ryrofeissed Christianity should do to assist various sections of society in removing the burdens by which they were orushtad down. What, he asked, wa.s the duty of tho Church in the face of an industrial dispute? Had the workmen the right to etirect the Church to interfere in ca^-es? He did not believe th.Lt they had. I no Church was not an institution intended to iak-j t:.O side of the men of neceisity in ail deputes. It was .not entitled to oonfme itself to any par- ticular class. It was the church of the pastor no less t;>an of the servant, and it was no part of ita mission to interfere with any quarrels. At tihe sari r time, the Church had a gre4 deal to do. It should not stand aj-ide an4 allow the elements cf disaster to spend their strength without dis- aster. Its duty was to teach employers and workmen such things as would make disputes pcrfootly imjxjssible, and it could only do this by ensuring that its moral and spiritual atmos- phere proved a help to rear men and fitting mis- s.ontrs elf Christ andtociety. It must abo continue to instil into imen the fact that sin was the root of every social evil. The Church oould not condescend to become a kind of charitable society without removing its highest aims. This did 'lot imply that the Church was to be reo gardless of the every-day affairs of life. Every poverty-stricken man had a claim upon its sym- pathy and as Christ had not defined any system for society, but he had taught that a man was not the absolute owner but imerely the overseer of his property, and this was the kernel of Christian Socialism.
SECOND DAY'S MEETINGS. THE INFLUENCE OF THE CONNEXION. The meetings weie resumed on Wednesday morning, under the presidency of the Moderator. I,E-ITER On A letter of introduction was r-ad on behalf of Rev. Humphrey W. Griffith, of Wisconsin, America, ho brietly addressed the meeting on the wkjrk of the Calvinistic Methodists in America. He said that their chief difficulty was the language difficulty. Son e churches required English pastors, whilst several congregations, true to their mother country, insisted upon Wekh pastors. The Revs. Evan Jones, Francis Jones, and J. R. Williams, Pwllheli, welcomed the Rev. H. W. Griffith, and spoke from personal know- ledge of the excellent work done by the Calvinistic Methodist denomination in America. CALVINISTIC METHODISM AND THE NATION. The Rev. R. D. ROWLANDS (Anthropos), Carnarvon, delivered an address on "The Rela- tion of our denomination to the life of the Na- tion." He stated that it might be nena to so e of them that the nation was in existence be:o.e their denomination (laughter). Though known as the" Hoe-n Gorph," there was to-day a light shining in the eyes of their denomination, and now blood in its heart. They could clam of their denomination that it was of pure Welsh birth. What was true of Welsh natronal patriotism, was true of their denomination, and with all due respect to the other denominations it could not be said that they were purely Welsh; rather they were Welsh by adoption. The influence of their denomination upon the spiritual life of the nation was reat, ahd that faot had, no doubt, contributed to its success. In Welsh literature the connection had left its influence, too much sc in the opinion of some people who believed that the" Mahinogion" contained more poetry than the Bible. The Connexion claimed among its members Anni Griffiths, described by one authority as the greater of women hymnolopists in Europe, Is- lwyn, the greatest of Welsh poets, and Daniel Owen, the finest interpreter of Welsh life and characteristics. There was a time, when there was no close relationship between tho Connexion and the Eisteddfod, the-re being a wide gulf be- tween the society meeting of the bards and that of the Connexion (laughter). Lafer the atmosphere of the Eisteddfod was purified, and when the Rev. Dr. Lewis Ed- wards undertook to adjudicate upon the crown poem at the Birkenhead Eisteddfod, the Jin-e of demarcation entirely disappeared, and now the Calvinistic Methodist body and the Eis- teddfod were fast friends, and the dignity of the Connexion was worthily maintained on the Maen Llog by one of their own ministers, the Archdruid. At the reoent Summer School of Celtic in Dublin, ono of the members said he was struck with the remarkable manner in which the Welsh are able to preserve their lan- guage, and observed that they must have had vory good priests (laughter). The explanation, of course, was that Wales was indebted for the preservation of its language not to its priests, but to its preachers, its Sunday Schools, its hymns, and its great festivals (chcers). On the motion of the MODERATOR, a vote of thanks was accorded the Rev. R. D. Row- lands for his address. RULES OF APPEAL. The meeting then considered the rules of ap- peal which had been considered by a committee in May, at Shrewsbury. The committee recom- mended that the appellant must be present when his appeal was under consideration. The Rev. EVAN JONES proposed, an amend- ment to the effect that the appellant should have t the right to be present or elft if the committee's -==-=. recommendation was adopted the appeal could not be discussed unless the appellant was pre- sent. The amendment was accepted, and the rules adopted. EXAMINATION BOARD. On the motion of the Rev. GRIFFITH ELLIS, Bootle, the following were appointed an Exami- nation Board for next year's examination for the ministry 1Tho Revs. J. J. Roberts, Portmadoc; John Williams, Brynsiencyn; J. O. Thomas, Bala; J. Puleston Jones, Pwllheli; Edward Parry, Newtown; W. Thomas, Llanrwst; and Messrs Robyn.-j Owen, R. B. Ellis, John Owen, Chester; Wm. Evans, Liverpool; E. 0. Davies* Bala; and the Rev. J E. Hughes, Carnarvon. TEMPERANCE SUNDAY. A resolution from the General Assembly was considered, which recommended the change of the Temperance Sunday from the last to the second Sunday in August, so that it might bo general throughout the world. The Rev. J. LEWIS, Dublin, proposed that the resolution should be adopted, and this was carried. LETTER OF TRANSFER. The Session granted letters of transfer to the Rev. I. Glynne Jones, Nantglyn, to the Pres- byterian Church of Australia. It was stated in the course of a discussion that the reverend gen- tleman had married an English lady. BOARD OF TRUSTEES. Mr JOHN OWEN, Chester, submitted a very, satisfactory report from the Board of Trustees, and said that the mortgages were secure in Liver- pool. He also reported that the Ministers' Re- serve Fund had reached a sum of £2000, and that it was intended to inaugurate a reserve fund in connection with the Bala College. The report was adopted, and a vote of thanka was accorded the committee. CHARLES O'R BALA'S MEMORIAL. Mr JACOB JONES, Rhyl, presented the re- port) of the committee in charge of the Charles or Bala's Memorial Fund, which stated that there was a balance of £ 96. The committee re- i commended that of that amount JMO be given to the Rev. D. E. Jenkins in recognition of his labours in preparing the biography of the famous Welsh divine, and also that Mr Jenkins should be asked to publish the biography in Welsh in roadiness for the 1911 celebrations at Bala. Mr E. LLOYD JONES, Bala, did not think that the proposed grant to Mr Jenkins should be made, especially as the monument would have to be repaired in the course of a. few years. At present the slight repairs which were required were carried out by a few friends at Bala at their, own cost. Mr HENRY LEWIS, Bangor, delivered an culogium of Thomas Charles, and he supported the proposal to make a grant to Mr Jenkins. Ho hoped that a history of their connexion would be written from a scientific point of view. Mr LLOYD JONES moved an amendment that voting of £ 30 to the bookroom for the pub-< hshmg of the works of Thomas Charles should net be done until a committee had inspected the condition of tho monument, and this was car- ried. The proposal to grant Y.40 to Mr Jen- kins was carried. NEW WELSH EDITION OF THE BIBLE. Dr. HUGH WILLIAMS, 13ala, stated that he had a very pleasant duty to perform. This oar tne Jiibio hcciety had published the first re- Vied version cf the Bible in Welsh. He, therefore, proposed a resolution expressing their great indebtedness to the Bible Soctiey for its very useful work in publishing a nw edition of the Bible in Welsh, with the hope that the publishing of that Bible would be the means of continuing the deep interest which tha Welsh people took in the Bible Society, Mr J. HKRBERT LEWIS, seconding thai proposal, ivferred to the close connection be- twcen tho Principality and t!he Bible Society.' No part, of the world had been so faithful ta the Bible Society as Wales, throughout whicW interest WM evinced in the Society. The rami4, fixations of the Society extended even to tlba I Khassia IIills in India. In the biography of 1 nomas Charles, written by the Rev. D. E.1 Jenkins, he was struck with the description of the arrival of t.he first cartload of Bibles i Bala: how the car was surrounded by cxci villagers, and that scene occurred 20C years after the Old Testament had been translated. The revised edition of the Bible, which had just been issued by tho Bible Society, reflectcJ credit upon them.
NON-SMOKERS' RIGHTS ON RAILWAYS. LLANDUDNO JUNCTION PASSENGER'S PROTEST. Mr T. C. Davies, of Llandudno Junction, on August 15th, addressed the following letter to Mr Warner, dis- trict traffic superintendent of the London and North- western ltuilway at Cliester:- I onclo.^e herewith a return ticket, dated the 6th of August, which I refused to give up to Collector No. 16, Deg-juiwy, on this date, as a protest against his re- fusal to take the name and address of a passenger (1 believe a contractor), who, in persistent defiance of many prote-sts fr(,m me, and also from the Company's servants (who on one journey made him change com- partments), continues to smoke in compartments not) smoking compartments. I believe him to be a regular passenger Junction to Llandudno, and well known to the Company's servants. I persist in avoiding smoking compartments, and also insist on my legal right in being provided with compartments that do not smell of tobacco smoke, eo often f und in compartments not smoking compartments. I insist that such compartments must not be used for smoking, even if at the time they contain no other passenger than the one who desires to smoke. I have so frequently got into compartments not smoking com- partments and found the compartment smell so strong- ly of tobacco smoke that I have again and again got into another, frequently three or four in one train. I claim, and persist, that no passenger has a right to ask permission of another passenger to smoke in a com- partment not Libelled for smoking- If the request is refused, in nearly all cases it ends in dispute, and bad feeling, often bad language and insult, and no pas- senger has a right to grant permission to smoke in such compartment." As vou, sir, are aware smoking is very frequent in' compartments not smoking compartments, and it con- tinues chiefly without protest from the Company's ser- vants. I, therefore, admit that during the last three year", I have frequently protested in the Conway dis- trict-, and this, by the Collector No. 16, Deganwv, is regarded as a fault of mine and an excuse why he re- fused to obtain the passenger's address. I therefora submit that the servants of the Company entirely mis- apprehend the merit of my protest, which I intend to continue until a remedy is found." THE COMPANY'S REPLY. In his reply the Superintendent says ;—"I am in receipt of your letter of the 15th inst., and have to thank you lor calling my attention to the matter. I quite agree with your views, and will take up sharply, with the tacket-collector."
SALE OF WORK AT PEN- MAEN MA WR. SECOND DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. The sale of work in aid of church funcCa which was opened yesterday week in the groujids of the Vicarage, Penmaenmawr, waa continued on Thursday, when Mrs Gee, Caer- hun Hall, who was unable to be present the previous day, announced the sale open Dr. Williams (Ardre), who was to have open- ed the sale, at the outset, said it was very gra- tifying to have Mrs Gee with them. He was sorry that the weather was so unfavourable. Mrs Gee needed no introduction, for she waa loved by rich and poor alike, and that was the greatest compliment anyone could desire. He did not think anyone could apply in vain to Mrs Gee for suppoort towaras a charitable ob- iect. Mrs Gee, to whom a warm welcome was ex- tended, in formally declaring the bazaar open, said she had very great pleasure in performing the duty, and wished the bazaar every success. She was extromely sorry that she was preven- ted from giving her presence at the function the previous day. Mrs Gee was presented with a beautiful bouquet by Miss Owen (Tan-y-Foel). Mr J. H. Ilickson proposed a hearty vote ofi thanks to Mrs Gee for her kind services. The Vicar (Rev. Canon Jones) seconded the vote of thanks, and said it was always a plea- sure to have people who were so well-known and greatly respected to open sucn functions (ap'" plause).. At the conclusion of the opening ceremony, the! stalls were invaded, and the ladies who were in charge were kept busy with customers. Not- withstanding the unpropitous weather, there were a good number of people at the function, and the receipts were highly satisfactory on both days.. Owing to the ram, tea was served in the. Vicarage instead of on the terrace as on the previous day.
HE COULDN'T READ.—William Jones, of Aberfan, who said he came from North Wales,! was summoned at Merthyr, on Tuesday, for tra-! veiling on the Great Western Railway between; Merthyr and Aberfan without paying his fare onj the 25th of July. Defendant presented a ticket' on the date named, which was dated last Decem-I ber, and which he said had been given him by a man whose name he could furnish. He could; not read, so that he did not know the date waa; wrong. The Stipendiary: If you cannot read you should not go into a train. You should stay at home with your mother and father (laughter)* There's no excuse. Pay 40s and costa. The "Fipraro" stetes that the contract was signed on Monday in the matter of establishing wirelees coiii.iiiinio&k>n between the Eiffel Towdf and New Yosi6.