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SMITHFIELD FIGURES. The Smtfchfield Show is now past for an- other year, and some of the results of this show are worth considering. There have been none of the enormously heavy animals this year that we have seen in byegonc ycar3, but all the same there is the usual run of immensely fat animals that the or- dinary practical man has no use for. Tho very Iea--itst animal in the whole show was a South Devon under 3 years old with 18 cwt. 3 qrs. 21 lbs.; the lightest a Shorthorn Dexter-Kerry with 7 cwt. One breed is thus practically twice as heavy as the other. IliL- heaviest sheep were the Lincolns, on* pen of three "euhers (22 months old) waigliod over 10 cwt.; on the other hand a pen of Welsh Mountain of same ago were nnder 2} cwt.—one breed being thus about four I times as heavy as the other. Among oiga a pen of two mountains of bacon of the Lai-ge White breed, weighed over 11J cwt. (1 nder one year old), while at the other end of the scale we had two Tamworths at about G cwt. (same age). DIFFERENT OPINIONS. Of course mere size and weight do not mean quality," and so the prizes did not go by this, but to the ordinary farmer size and weight go for a good deal. A curious state of matters arose at the meeting the champion beast of the show was not first of its class. Now if an animal is first in its class it ought to be the best for the cham- pionship contest, or per contra, the cham- pion of the whole show ought to be best iu its class, but this was not so on this occa- sion. Of course this hitch was wholly due to the fact that two different set! of judges settle the prizes, but it is curious that; such n clash of opinions never occurred before. It will bo ncccssary before another year to make a rule that only first prize animals shall compete for the championship, so that there can thus be no room for dificreucoy of opinion. A FARMER'S PARTY. This column has always been non-political, and the writer flatters himself that no reader suspects on which side his political ideas lie. He may therefore offer some re- marks on the movement which is being in- augurated to form a farmers' party in Par- liament. The time is not ready for such a movement just now, and it would be better to leave it over for a year or two. It might have been tried with some hope of success, say ten or twenty or thirty years ago, and it will be tried with success after a few years again, but not just now. The reason is that there are some subjects before the country now that in the olden days would have been settled with dirks and whingers in a civil war; we do not run civil wars in the twentieth century, but until these mat- ters are settled it is useless to try to do anything else, or form any new parties. PARLIAMENT AND AGRICULTURE. There is great need for such a party, for although farming is the most important in- dustry in the nation, either as regards the number of people employed in it or the money represented, it is one of the worst treated by Parliament, no matter which government is in power. At the present time however, there are some matters of infinitely more importance to the nation, and behind which there is a tremendous intensity of feeling, and any new party that tries to split votes at an election will itself be wrecked. The present writer has done his little best for over thirty years in helping on the improvement of agricultural legisla- tion, and will help again when the time comes, but the time has not come yet. LIQUID MANURE. What we are to do with the liquid manure of the homestead is becoming a greater trouble as the years go on. Certain vision- ve bandied the stuff them- of liquid manure tanks, and carting out the liquor on to the fields: certain others who have gone to the expense of tanks, pumps, and carts, have retired from the business in disgust. The writer knows of scores of farms where the tackle is lying idle and will never be used again. The late Sir John Lawes long ago declared that it would never pay to use liquid manure so long as nitrogen- ous manures could be got at reasonable prices. THE TRENCH SYSTEM. Usually the drainings of the homestead are allowed to run into the nearest ditch: this will be put a stop to sooner or later for sanitary reasons. It is therefore necessary to get rid of the stuff the best way we can, and the best way is on the same principle as town sewage is now dealt with. If a fiiece of grass land Jbelow the homestead is aid off with a few parallel trenches across the slope at a dead level contour on the catchment" plan, and the liquid run into the top one, allowed to overflow and spread itself over the surface till it is caught again by the next trench, and so on, it will be found that the ground soaks up the liquid and purifies the residue in a wonderful iran- ner. If the soil is porous very little land will be needed for this bacterial and filter- ing system, but a larger area will be re- quired if the soil is stiff clay. Weedy rub- bish will be apt to grow, but that cannot bd helped, as the object is to get rid of the sewage, or to so purify it that it can be al- lowed to run into a brook. A NEW ROOT CROP. A very large number of our regular farm crops have been introduced into this coun- try within the last 150 years or so, and it is pretty certain that we have not rcached the end of our tether in this line, and that there may be many more new ones yet to come into the regular farm list. The writer haa just come across a new one introduced into his locality by a neighbour, to which he would like to call attention, as it gives a promise of great things. It appears to be a hybrid between the thousand-head kail and the kohl-rabi, and the story of its in- troduction is interesting. One of the reli- gious orders expelled from France has set- tled in Germany: the writer's friend on a holiday there saw the crop growing, entered into conversation with the foreman priest, learnt what it was, got a few plants, brought them home to Essex, dibbled them out, and now they are growing finely and are being reserved for seed. CHARACTERISTICS AND USES. The characteristics of the plant are that it is practically a kail with a thick, fleshy, luscious stem, like an elongated kohl-rabi. During summer the leaves can be stripped off the stem and used, while the tuft at the top is left. This latter can also be re- moved if the root" is required for clamp- ing purposes, but otherwise the plant as it grows is an ideal one for sheep-folding, or feeding green to milk cows. The stem is soft and juicy, and can easily be pulped if nec- essary. The monks claim that the plant ia their own production, and call it Chou Mocllier," but as the seed is offered in French seed-catalogues it cannot be very rare in France. It is the first time the writer has heard of it, however, and there are so many points in its favour for south- country farming that it is worth while at- tcmpmg to spread the use of it. P.S.—The author will be glad to answer any questions arising out of this article if they are addressed to him, c/o the Editor.

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