OLD ESTABLISHED 6j9 + FIBST-CLASS FxVMILY HOTEL SHELTERED POSITION IN FIN ELY-WOODED PARK. f.vi Naiional Telephone No. 13. Telfgrams Pwllycrochan, ELECTRIC UGH? 5<A vv.o^y SEPARATE TABLES, O.^NlAGNIHCENT VIEWS, If RECHERCHE CUISINE, POSTING 30LF, TENNIS, BATHING, BILLIARDS, &c, EFFICIENTLY HEATED THROUGHOUT. c: — The Grindehvald of Wales, \> THE MOST BEAUTIFULLY SITUATED IND DAINTILY EQUIPPED HOTEL N 111E PRINCIPALITY. # -'lanageresa-Mrs C. A. BAILEY c* — — O r* • GOLF Tthgrams TENNIS, 7029 JAKWOOD, \j vfsi' CROQUET, -ONWAY. ARCHELiY, AND BOWLS. .iUpuom O BOATING, SHOOTING, BILLIARDS. > A (Flair O1 Spring THEATRE 0 ————— OTEL DE LUXE OF CAMBRIA HOTEL METROPOLE, COLWYN BAY. Near Sea, Station, and Pavilion. Over 5° Bedrooms. Drawing and Smoke Rooms. Lounge, Billiards (2 Tables). Large sized Ballroom, Liectnc Light throughout. Excellent Cuisine. Near Goli Links. Week-end Assemblies, Wedding Breakfasts, Receptions, Dinners, and Balls catered lor. Manageress Miss S. A. GRISDALE. Telegrams—" Metropole, Colwyn Bay." National Telepuone-No. 188. SPECIAL CHRISTMAS FESTIVITIES. The Finest Health Resort in North Wales. RHOS ABBEY HOTEL, COLWYN BAY. facing the Sea, pure bracing air, delightful clirnUe, chiraiiag sj^ajry, wiU supply perfec Eiegant Apartments, every home comfort. Golf Links Dy th^ sea withia hall a mile Higu-class Cuisine. Terras moderate. Oinuibu* aieots principal trams. Tariff, apply Fr. MEiER, Proprietor (iati at tai vViai^or tiotel, Glasjj.v). 628 ST. W I N I F, It C D' .3, 1 -+ PKIVATE HOTEL, AND WINTER RESiOENCE, RHOS. COLWYN BAY. .-acin Sea ana Pier, Bright Warm Rooms, Excellent Cuisine, Good Smoke and Billiard Rooms, near Golt, Good Boating and Sea Fishing, Moderate Terms. C, MRS GRAY. CHARNLEY & SONS, OPTOLOGISTS, OF NEW STREET, BIRMINGHAM, AND LEICESTER. Hours of Attendance. 9-30 to 1-0. 2-30 to 7-0. WEDNESDAYS. 9-30 to I-O. Those with a difficulty when Reading, Sewing or suffering from Headache, Neuralgia and other Nerve Trouble's arising from Eye strain, should call and consult us. ADVICE FREE. CHARNLEY & SONS, Eyesight & Spectacle Specialists, I 17, Penrhyn Road, (Opposite VPost Office, COLWYN BAY. Ifa. 1 jl V. j ¡ FLEET'S MUSIS WAREHOUSE, COLWYN BAY. INSTRUMENTS BY THE BEST MAKERS FOR SALE OR HIRE. LARGE STOCK OF MUSIC AND STRINGS. KOTED FIRM FOR HIGH-CLASS TUNING & REPAIRING TUNER TO THE COLWYN BAY AND LLANDUDNO PAVILIONS. TELEPHONE— NO. 0163. — 0 Agent for Llanrwst District-MR WILLIAMS, The Library. WHAT DO YOU WANT ? If you want To Let Apartments If you want a Servant If you want Professional Engagements If you want More Business If you want Apartments If you want a Situation If you want to Sell or Buy If you want Anything Advertise your Wants in the 4 WELSH COAST PIONEER' I Series of Newspapers. SEE THIS FORM i2b,5 6d. 1 3 Weeks is. A words W £ y ^4 (1 Week) 3 Weeks 2s. 32 7wdeL)i/6 3 Weeks 3s. 4-0 words 25 (I week) ———————————————— ————————————————— 3 weeks 4/- .YAME ADDRESS PLEASE FILL IN THE ABOVE FORM "Slth the words of your Ad- 7crtisement, and send it, with Postal Order or Halfpenny Stamps, to The Publishers, The Pioneer Offices, Colwyn Bay, not later than Wednesday Night's Post. Thfl Wileh ftnflC+ Pianoor iacremgcircuhtu* in Flintshire, D« I l|v 1? vl5l| Wvflil |lwl|v«r bighshire, Cm»f«aslure, M«rioacthshire, A^lesejc
COLWYN BAY VISITORS. COLWYN BAY HOTEL- W. W. Whitehead, Esq., Man-Dhecter- T. Howe. E.q., do. Miss Hirst, Hndd*er sfiekl. Mrs Hirst, do. C. Ilixst, Esq., do. J. Bowker, Esq., Manchester. J. M. Bowker. Esq. do- Mi^ Bowker, do. W. I vey. Esq-, Lend-on. Rev. Nichol,as. Flint Rectory. Mrs Nicholas, do, J. B. Littlcdiajo, Esq. and valot, Cbeehire H. Dewhur.st, Fx-q., and valet, do. E. L. I'o'.vr.^jhend, Esq., and valet, do- R- B- Cholmondoley, Esq.. and valet, do. J- Higson, Esq.. penmacnmawr. Mies Moore, Croydb-n. Nmrso Cherry, London- — Mackay, Esq., do. M ii-:IS Mack ay, do. J. J. RoUineon, Esq., Leeds- — Robinson, E&I., do. Mrs Robinson, do- Miss R-rbi.nfton, do. Mm Rasdall, Lincoln- Mia, RasdaL!, do. H. Blcokfev. Esq., Cheater- Mrs BicokLey, do. Maisfcar Bleckley, do. PWLLYCROCHAN HOTEL. J. S. Little wood. Esq-, resident. MXS Eittievvood, do- H- p. Wiliiami<, Esq.. Uruidtou. Mrs Wilka.m>a, Mancaester. J. D. VV liiicUiiis, Esq., du. Miss Bowker, Ma.ri.LJitsU.-r. Mios llajribon, Liverpool. ri Muir. cb- E. Oliver, Eeq., Manchester- 1vl¡p Clenitvon, Mamoiiester. M iss GlemloOIl, do. G. Me>nlor, Esci-, OLdlM-m. Mar Melkar, ao. E. Clcgg, Lvq., Rodadale- Mrs OKgg, do. Mi«B Scott, CJolwyn Bay. G. indrani, Esq-, Birkeritead. Mj Wiixlrum. Manehc9tea-. L Williairis, MI" do. W- Wikiams, Esq., do. E- Cog-g, Liifi.. Milnrow. Mrs Clegg. do. Mite Clegg, do. Sir Chariens Sohwann, Majicheeter. Lady So;i\vaun, do. T- Lund, Esq-, Bradford. A. Simpson, Esq., Alirincnam- R. C- 11 a worth, lis, j., Manchester. G. Lamb, Esq., Wallasey. J- Lamb, Eeq., cib- R- F. Armstrong, Esq., Spital- N- Armstrong, Esq., Aider icy Edge. A. Jeans, Esq.. Oxton. Mis Jeans, do. R- W. Miln-os, Esq., Bury. E- Mi!;ntcs4 Eeq., do. A. J- Sykcs. Epq., Cheadle Nurse Eigerton, London. T. Mackenzie, Esq.. Rochdale- Mrs xI.ackenzic, do. Mis Heap. do. M-ioo D. Heap, do. Mia; M. Heap. do. Mrs J ae-kiso-n, Bowdcin- Miss Jaokaon and friend, do. Kirk Bui-ton, Esq., Liverpool- M is3 Jiurton, do. R. Ric'-iardpon, Cheater. Mrs Richarcfean and friend, do- MIS-J MD'lon and nurse, -c^Oergele. LOCKYER'S PRIVATE HOTEL. Mr and Mrs Wood. Ooggltsuail. Mists W'a r.ringion, 11ariiey. Mrs Heaton, Bradford- fiiII and :Y1:n Bamfor-d. Uttoxetter- Mr Hy. Bamfoird, do. Father Julian, dQ. Mr Wilhers, West Bro-mwich- M rs Tiinm-is, Crosby. Mr Leslie Timmis, do. Mr Coleman, Biriillrgharm M.rs Roberts. Liverpool. :M t"3 G region, Southport. JiT issc-is Grogaon, do. Mr Co'.erna.n, Birmingham- HOTEL METROPOLE- J. Batters. EStl" Birmingham. Mrs Battør". do. J. Peadh. I'5q, Leamington. W. II. IN-ent Eôq., Stan Zylberlast, Esq-, Biraningham. Major T. A. Jones, Manchester. J. Ilunt, do- F. Tyrer, Esq-, Lifcard-
COLWYN BAY VACCINATION CASE. A CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTOR'S EXPERIENCE. REMEDY ARRIVES TOO LATE. At the Colwyn Bay Petty Sessions held on Novem- ber 9th, Mr W. F. buchauan, û, ilighiield lUiad, Col- wyn Bay, applied for an exemption order under the Conscience Clause of the Vaccination Act. On per- using the birth certificate, the Clerk pointed out that the application was made four days later than the period of four months after the date of birth, during which the parents must obtain the order of exemption, and the Bench therefore refused the request. Mr S. T. Fi<-st, of Shos-on-Sea, interested himself in the case, and wrote on behalf of the parent to Mr John Burns, president of the Local Government Board, explaining the facts. Although it was true, Mr Frost explained, that the application at the petty sessions was tw hue, the applicant gave notice of his inten- tion to apply for the certificate at the magistrates' clerk's office three weeks earlier, supplying particu- lars as to the date of the birth, etc., and no intima- tion was given to him that the next ensuing sessions would be too late to enub'e him to secure the ex- emption in time, so that lie had no opportunity given emption in time, so that he had no opportunity given him to obtain the certificate at a special court or at a petty sessions eNf^where. No court was held at Col- wyn Bay htwcn September 28th and November 9th, and in fairness t,) Mr Buchanan, Mr Frost contended that he should have been informed that his application I would he too late if he waited until the latter date. As it was, Mr Buchanan did not know that he was too late until he was told so in court. Apparently the President of the Local Government Board handed the letter to the Home Secretary, who sent on December 4th, the following letter to Mr Fr,)-t "Dear Sir,—With reference to your letter of the 9th ultimo, relative to the failure of Mr W. F. Buchanan to obtain a certificate of exemption under the Vaccina- tion Act, 189S, I am directed by the Secretary of State to suggest that Mr Buchanan should apply to the Col- wyn Bay justices on the lith inst., and if he can succeed in convincing them that he has a conscientious objection, should request them to furnish him with a document to the effect that he would have been granted a certificate of exemption had the law per- mitted. If he can obtain such a certificate he should forward it to the Secretary of State. I am, Sir, Your obedient Servant, W. P. BYRNE." TOO LATE. On December ith, Mr Frost wrote the following letter to Mr James Amphlett, clerk to the local justices Dear 8lr,Wïth retertnee to our conversation of a few days ago in regain to uie correspondence with the Home i-Seeetary, may 1 explain why I placed the circumstances of Mr W. F. Buchanan's application be- fore the ltight liun. J "tm burns, President of the Local Government Board, wilu apparently forwarded my letter to the Secretary of State J Mr Buchanan's application for a certificate of exemption from vaccina- tion was retused by the Colwyn Bay justices on November 9th, because it was made four days too late. So far, so good. But Mr Buchanan had given notice of his intention to apply for a certificate eariy in October, and at your request, he supplied particu- lars as to the date of birth, etc. No intimation was given to him that the petty sessions wouid not be held until it was too late for the application to be granted. Consequently he was unable to take any steps to obtain the certificate. That it was known in your office the application would be too late is evi- dent from the fact that the worda "too late" were written upon tiie application form. In similar circumstances, when notice of an applica- tion is given for extensiwn of hours, the applicant is informed that an ordinary petty sessional court will not be held until too Ia.te, apd either a special court is called or the applicant is told when a special court is to be held, sy that the application can be made in time. Having regard to the fact that no pettv sessional court was held at Colwyn Bay from Sept. 28th till Nov. 9th, and that notice was given with par- ticulars as to date of birth, etc., several weeks before the child obtained the four months, in fairness to Mr Buchanan and to facilitate the impartial adminis- istration of justice, he should have been notified in good time to enable him to make his application, either before a special court at Colwyn Bay or elsewhere. As it was, Mr Buchanan did not know that his appli- cation was too late until he was told so in court. In the circumstances I wrote on his behalf to Mr John Burns, placing the facts before him, and asking what steps could be taken to obtain the certificate which the law clearly intended he should receive In reply, I have received a letter from the Secretary of State. suggesting that- Mr Buchanan should apply to the Colwyn Bay justices on the 14th inst., to furnish him with a document—in the event of his succeeding in convincing them that he has a conscientious ob- jection—to the effect that he would have been granted a certificate of exemption had the law permitted, such document to be forwarded to the Secretary of State. Mr Buchanan cannot make the application suggested, however, because the Public Vaccinator, acting with- out the consent of Mr Buchanan, vaccinated the child at its home. AN EXPLANATION. With regard to the statement concerning the Public Vaccinator, Dr. Morris, the official in question, in reply to our representative's interrogations on the matter, said he had merely called at Mr Buchanan's house in the ordinary way. The father was not at home, and RS the mother raised no objection, he vaccinated the child, realising at the same time that Mr Buchanan's application for an exemption order had been un. successful. No public reference was made to the case at the petty sessions on Saturday.
| Wlien Replying to Adverti«e- ljj || ments, please mention M 1 "THE PIONEER." 1 I L- MMMTR
MOTORIST HEAVILY FINED AT COLWYN BAY. "TERRIFIC SPEED" AND NO LIGHTS. INTERESTING EVIDENCE. At tihe Colwyn Bay Petty Serbians on Satur- day. before Mr Kneeshaw and other magis- trates, Henry Ghiristopiiieir Pearam. of 31, Shakes- speare-road, J3.e.diord, wvis summoned bv P.C. Ilobort Evans for driving a motor car along Abeir.gv-]e_roa-ci, Colwyn Bay, without lights on Suiixlay night, N-ovemb-er 17.th. He was furtheff dhiarged with driving his motor car reokksasly to rule danger of the public on the same occa- sion. M r Moseley, of Denbigh. 0,1 pea red for the defendant, and Mr E. A. Crabbe, Abergele, and Colwyn Bay prosecuted on behalf of the police. Deiendant pleaded1 guilty to the charge of driving without lights, and "not guilty" to the charge of reckless .driving.. John Roberts, of Erskine-road, a vanman in the employ 00: Mr S. Evans, baker, etc., Col wyn Bay, stated tihat on Suriday night, Novem- bell" 17th. he wap standing on the footpath be- tween Greenfield-road and Erw Wen-road, op- posite the North Wales Cycle Co's. shop, vihen he saw a motor oar coming from the direction of Od-d Colwyn.* The car carried neither head nor tail lights, and was being- driven at a reckless speed. He followed a',ter the car to see what happened and found it had been stopped near Francis' Mews- In his opinion the car was going too fast when it passed him- "A TERRIFIC SPEED." P.C- Robert Eva-iia stated the car had no head lights, a.nd "was coming at a terrific speed' Witness wag standing uroder the elec- brio lamp, and he put his hand up for the ear to stop, which it did about 50 yards past him- o-pposite Stange'e shop. He asked the driver \\Iáy he was travelling without lights, and he had not noticed tihat they were out as it was very hard to idl in the lighted streets. He tihon. asked defendant for his licence- At first defendant, said he had not got it, but after using a good deal of bad language he said it was in a bag" at the bottom of tihe car- lie (witn-ees) insisted on seeing the licence, and one of tihe occupants of the car got the bar from the botioni, but after considerable delav the defendant produced the licence from his waiet- ocat, pcoket. The oar then proceeded, but was stopped again near the Council Offices, so that the tail li-ghte. which were out, could be fieetnto, but- it eventually wo;t on again with the lamps mii'iighted- Mr Moscley: At what speed, was the car going ? P.C. Evans: 1 really cannot say; it wus at a terrific speed. Mr Mcaol'ey: You are a very sensible man, co:djit-ab'.e, because no o"e could accurately judge the ppeed in such circumstances. Mr Lumley (a magistrate): Did you say any- thing to the defendant except about the lights ? P.C. Eva.ns: I said nothing to him about the speed'- Mr Crabbo: But as a matter or fact you did report It ? P.C. Evans: Yes, about half an hour after- wards- "A RUSHING NOISE-" Samuel Johnston, of Eembank, organising fieeretary to the Oolwy-n Bay branch of the Y-M-C.A., said that on the night in question the was standing on the footpath near Stead a.nd Simpson's shop saving "Cocd night" to some friend^ wlhen he heard a ruehing noise, and b-fore he realx-od what it. was a motor car passed within a few feet oJ where he was etalnding. Tne car carried' no lights, and was g.ir;g at a very high BIHXXI. T'ue rush of air caused by the cair patsing was so strong that bs had to put up his hand to prevent ins hat being bkrwu off. He saw the constable signal the driver to stop, and he then went up to the oar- In reply to Mr Motley, witness said the de- fendant spoke to him, and he (witness) told the constable he wouid know where to find him ii he was Willt,e& The driver asked tbc con- stable to clear the nio-b away, and he also made ato the effect either that he was not going above 20 miles wn hour, or that he was ncit going at 20 miles a.n hour- Witness could not say -delinit-et!y what speed the car was going, but it ,13 a high speed- A "GENTLEMAN'S LANGUAGE- Mr Oeborn (a magistrate): Did you hear bad language ? Mr Johnston I should not tike to repeat the language used by the gentleman. Mr jvumley Gentleman The Chairman: Do you see the man who used bad language here ? Mr Jo'.mston: He looks like the gentleman there (pointing to defendant). Mr Lumile-y: Heart call him a gentleman- Ca.il !n.im the defendant- GOODNESS GRACIOUS Robert Jackson, of Hilliside, a coal merchant, said that. on the night in question he was out- side the Y.M.C.A. Rooms, when he heard some- thing coming, and exclaimed "Goodness grac- ious! Whats coming alon.g here?" He kx>k- "ed in tihe direction of Grimsby House, where he aaw a car rutihing along without lights, a.nd baore be could turn round it buzzed past at a "very quick spaed." The oar stopped near the MClvs. and he walked u>p to it. The police oHioe-r. who was very nioe and civil, was them asking to see the defendant's liccn,cc. The cor stopped about 80 yards fronn where lie was standing when it pa;-ised- Mr Moaeley: W hat rate of speed was the car goimg ? Mr Jackson. Well, according to my exper- ience oÆ speed, both ashore and afloat—watch- ing fhie mail trains psos through the station, and lying with stiiU engines whi.e torpedb boats have been passing—I sho-uld say 20 to 22 miles an hour. M-r MoseLe-y: Did you notice anything about the car ? Mr J aokjson: It was very dirty, and was go- ing at an exocssive epcc-d -or a village with a mute of people about- THE DEFENCE. Henry Claris tocher l'carKoa, the defendant, said he was the owner of the car. and was li- censed to driv-c. On the night in question he was driving through Colwyn Bay. His lamps, wihi-ch were o 3000 candlio power, were alight before ho entered the t-own. lie saw the con stable hold u,p his hand about 50 yards ahead. Witness did not know why tine officer pu>t up his laaaJ, but lie slowed down, and pulled up about 40 yards beyond the constable, when he then fou!1' that the headiighte were out. He had tli.Om Lighted again before the constable C'(.!irllC up. Nothing was said about driving at a reckless pace- There wetre two other cocu- p-aniUs cii the car--a Mr Brownliela. and his won- Tne car's speed was about 10 miles an .hour. In r0pl.. to Mr Crabbe, aeendant isaid he had been a motorist for about six months and belonged to the Associa/tion. lie was not aware that the tail lights were out all the way from St. Asaph cm the night in. question- The Chairman: as tiieie a speed indicator on your car ? Defendant-: Yes, but I did not notice it at the momen' Mr Lumiey: Where did you light the lamps in the first place? Defendant: At Chester about seven o'clock. Mr Lumley; And were lights Oil at St. Asaph ? Defendant: The liead lights were. Mr Lumiey: Were the t:il lights on? Do end-ant: I do not know. x'he headlights were on tiiil we got to Colwyn Bay. I knew no-thing about the tail lights-
"NEARLY ASLEEP." Douglas Harciid BrownfieJd, of Leigh, Staf- fordshire, one of the occupants of the car said thit in his opinion the ca.r was going through Gulwyn Bay at about eight miles an hour- It was not being driven recklessly. Mr Lumiey: Were you going at the same paz-eo through St. Agal;li? Witness: I do not know because I was nearly asleep at the back of tihe car- Mr Moseley ooutcndoo that the car was not being driven rec-kla-tsly, and that the oharge of reckless driving wats an afterthought on the part of the constable- The Chairman, after consulting with the other ji^tk.ei, said they had decided' to infliot a fine of B10 and costs for driving in a rockllese man- ner, a.nd JE1 and cotstis for having no lights- The Bench were obliged to take the course of inflicting a heavy fine to adVnonish the defen- dant for driving in suoh a reckless manner. It was alii very well to say the oar was being driven carefully. Drivers must oorsidler otthor people, and the Benoh hoped that in future the defendant would 00 more careful and consider- r.te. Mr Crabbe applied for the cost of obtaining a certificate of a previous conviction against the detfiMidaint. at St. Asaph, 10s; an advocate's foe or 10s 6d an each case and witnesses' fees- These cot-^s were granted'. Mr Moooroy gave formal notice of appeal-
WEATHER OBSERVATIONS AT BETTWSYCOED. (For the week ending Saturday, December 14th, 1907.) Mean maximum (in shad».) 46.7 Mean minimum (in shade) 38.1 Highest in shade 5:3 Lowest in stiade ..31. Maximum in the sua „ 60. Lowest on the grass.. 30. Bright sunshine (hours) 0.6 Mean amount of cloud (per cent.) 71.4 Observer: Dr. H. W. FOX.
A robaocomi-st told at the Enfield Court on Monday how to diisoover if a nor in is partly ooaTMpcoed of lead. "You place the ooiin on a piece of wlhiite paper and liook at it sideways in the gaslight," he saii. "If it is bqd, theoon- traistt of the white paper shows up the leaden duihiess-" "Were you ever in tmouibje for stealing be- fore?" a magistrate asked a coloured prisoner accused of stealing a turkey- "No> safe," was the earnest reply. "Fate has been -very kind to me, sah, and this is the fust time l'se ever been ootchect-
CHRISTMAS IN SHOPLAND. PREPARATIONS AT COLWYN BAY. CATERiNG FOR TH:, FESTIVE SEASON. Although the weather haa not been of the best during the last few days, the conditions generilly Yore of 110 mild a character that one scarcely realises how near we are to Christmas. A tour round the Colwyn Bay shops, however, quickly brings the fact home. There is 110 town in North Wales better equipped than Colwyn Bay in the matter of business establish- ments, and at all seasons of the year an inspection of their window decorations is interesting. When, how- ever, they are dressed in their special Christmas garbs, they form a very beautiful feature of the town. On Monday, a "Pioneer" represenative mae a tour of the shops of those who advertise in this journal. Amongst them, Mr W. It. Hands is showing a fine seleltion of high-class footweltr at tns shop 1\1 Conway lioad. Apart from a large and well-selected stock of walking, riding, golfing boots and shoes, he has a nice display of new designs in dress goods. Messrs Broadway and Nieholls, at their new pre- mises, exhibit an especially fine array of millinery. In addition, they have a large range of silver goods suitable for Christmas presents. Their stock of Christ- mas and New Year cards is a large and varied one. At the establishment of Mr J. L. Hunt, chemist, a large and varied 6toek of toilet requisites, perfumes, etc., is skilfully arranged in one wmdow, whilst the tobacco department is well represented in the other. In additiun Mr Hunt has an adnllrable collection of cameras, magic lanterns, and photograph enlargers, His Christmas speciality is a photographic Christmas hamper, ranging in prices from 10s 6d. At Messrs Pryce Williams and Co., a special feature is made of their provisions, of Wllcll Uey have. a very big show. The stock includes first prize Cheshire cheeses, English stiltons, Wiltshire hams and bacon, cakes of every description, fancy biscuit tins, bon- bons, crystalised fruits, chocolates, muscatels, their famous "Bara Brith, mince pies, and plum puddings. The" also have a large display of applies, oranges, nuts, etc., in fact, their stock all round is of un- common dimensions. On stepping into Penrhyn Road, one is struck with the appearance of Messrs Briggs and Co.'s premises, not inaptly termed the "Boot Palace." This shop is stocked with footwear of every cription. The v.ndows, which are without doubt the finest of their class for miles around, are filled with slippers, leg- gings, boots and shoes, etc., the prices of which are within the reach of all. In tho window-dressing great taste has been displayed, and although the stock shown is so large, every article can be clearly seen. 'iheir well-known 'Monarch" shs and "Palm" boots are amongst the best-known brands of British-made goods. The well-fitted premises of Messrs W. H. Smith and Son next demand attention. The difficulty of choos- ing suitable gifts is one which ac some time or other confronts everybody. The fashion of giving books as Christmas presents has grown appreciably during the past two or three Tears, and publishers, appreciating this fact, have published many exqufsite volumes especially for the Christmas season. Before purchasing presents, a visit should be paid to Messrs W. H. Smith and Sons' bookshop, where books can be ob- tained to suit all ages, classes, tastes, and at all prices. The firm cordially invite everyone to look round without being under the obligation to buy. In addition to the books, a special show is being made of useful and ornamental goods, Christmas cards, etc. Children are specially catered for. Music at Christmas time is an essential, and one cannot do better than visit the premises of Mr A. J. Fleet, -where a capital array of songs, music, and musical instruments is shown. Tbe gramophone forms a popular feature of the British home at this period of the year, and Mr Fleet displays a rare selection of them, A speciality is the Pathe machine, which requires no needles. The stock of records Is exceptionally large, ani includes every class of music. In addition, the proprietor stocks every description of musical instru- ments. Mr J. E. Mills displays a large show of eiderdown quilts, from all prices. In addition, there can be seen portiere, curtains, and everything conducing to winter comfort. His stock further includes arm chairs, inlaid articles, a splendid range of fire screens, and innumerable articles that would make useful presents. On Conway Road, as one proceeds towards Station Rnad, he is strtfek by the excellence of the show at the shop of Messrs Arundale and Sons. There are rows upon rows of turkeys and geese, which include over 100 prize winners at shows in every part of the country. Turkeys, pheasants, and all kinds of small game are also displayed in abundance. Turkeys vary from 61bs. to 301bs. in weight. In addition, mere is a very tine display of all sorts of choice fruits, al- monds, raisins, etc. For table decoration, one needs but turn to the floral department. There are stocked all kinds of choice cut flowers in profusion. Messrs Arundali are not a little proud of the large number of "post orders" received from all parts of the coun- try, but. intending purchasers would do well to give their orders as soon as possible, so as to facilitate delivery. A drive always forms part of an enjoyable Xmas honday, and those wishing to indulge in this direction should not fail to place their orders with Mr J. Fred Francis, of the Mews, perhaps the most popular coachee in North Wales. Mr T. Roberts, Station-road, is as usual to the front with his prdvisions, and the fact that he weekly sends orders to London and other large towns speaks for itself. He offers a choice selection of dried fruits, biscuits in fancy tins, in fact every class of goods appertaining to his business, at very moderate prices. Messrs. J. Dicken and Sons have a valuable show of blierat; u and Chippendale bureaus, music cabinets, a. splendid variety of oak and walnut bedroom suites, of which they make a speciality. In addition, they have a fine show of eiderdown quilts, luxurioiMV up- holstered easy chairs, which are all made on the premises, whilst they are sole agents for the well- known Goss china. A special feature is aJso being made of carpets and water colours. At present, Messrs. D. Allen and Sons' premises a.re undergoing extensive alterations. Business, how- ever, is still being carried on, and upstairs, in their commodious showrooms, they are making a large dis- play of fancy tables, chairs, etc. In addition there is an abundance of dining, drawing and bedroom suites, cabinets and fancy goods, and in addition thev are 1 making a special show of carpets. The chink de- partment, which is the largest of its class in the town, comprises every description and make of English and foreign china. 6 Elaborate alterations are also going on in connection with Air J. D. Cartmell's premises, immediately ad- joining. Mr Ca.rt.mell has just completed the erection of a most handsome solid mahogany front, which is well worth a visit of inspection. The beautiful carved doors, pediments, pillars, etc., are worthy of special notice. The fine bent windows are glazed with the finest British plate, as also are the embossed window lutings, which arc all set in highly polished mahogany ca<sinBs, absolutely dust-proof in construction. This latter should prove a great advantage to the con- fectwDcry t>usipess. Each window is also fitted with shapeA1 plate glass shelves, enabling the displaying of best advantage. Mention ought to be ma<.e of the attractive plate, glass facia with its ere im ground and embossed gold letters. This is quite up-to-date and is most attractive. The hotel entrance has also undergone alterations. Mr Cartmell has re- plenished his beautiful shop with an excellent new stock of seasonable goods. Of other shops situated in Station-road, where note- worthy improvements have been effected of late, the two owned by Messrs. Lewis and Thompson, are 1 f mo^ aUr?<;tive' a-ncl the shows in both sm lrt Th< SCra('n 8 branches are exceptionally smart. The windows are most tastefully decorated and specially fitted, as they are for display purposes', the the.c-vn'fure a" eyes at present In the ladies department are to be found a choice se- lection of the latest novelties in furs, muffs, gloves aprons umbrellas, belts, blouses (in silk and lace)' underskirts golf jerseys, handkerchiefs, etc., wliile 111 the gentlemen s department there are many articles rn ™'i'K acceptable presents, including ties, caps mufflers, dressing gowns, rugs, gloves, handkerchiefs' fancy braces, knitted waistcoats, umbrellas, etc. The largest on the œast. fr q°^ fram^ cabinet ^e, can be prSfd I' 20s 9d upwards. Gem rings at prices to suit all pockets, and m designs to suit all tastes. A speciality is the new wristlet watch in oxidised silver and gold, offered at from 16s 6d. In addition there are sdver hair ombs (latest Parisian designs) rose lSw £ brushes and combs to match. The eyesight testing rooms are replete with all the latest appl Lees and aie under the personal supervision of Mr J. K' Wil- vic?Sfree a quallfled optician, who gives his ad- Mr Needham at his Station-road shop, Has a very laigc stoo.K of tobaccos, cigars, cigarettes snuffs pouches, cigarette cases, pipes, walking sticks, etc! The cigar department is replete with every brand of Havanas, Mexicans and Indians, in boxes of from five i ^P,rlC6! ™n&ng from Is upwards. Mr Needham undertakes to procure any cigarette required ? suit any purchaser, and stock it regularly The cigarette stock includes the pick of the tobacco mar- ket and t.he firm holds special agencies for the De 11'iV °J} i' T<^fam ""I Co., Abdulla, Marcovitch Tf^rI "2 *1 Ha,n °ame and Malcajik brands. S French, Algerian and Brazilian makes, whilst the range of tobaccos includes every brand on mL 1' Needham s loose taboccos are becoming most popular, and the sales increase weekly .lnAf 'lis Conway-road branch, Mr. Needham has -again another large and varied stock of tobacco, cigars, agarettes, etc., etc. Mrs Needham is making a special ^v,w "f cosaques for table decoration. Fancy &0co- £ k?xe* there are galore, whilst there is also a descriptions7 XmaS Stockin«s and sweetmeats of all Messrs. and Cooke's show of Xmas cards and calendRN! ill par exceUence. Addit.ional premises hibitmg the large range of cards. They have in Sf dition a large assortment of fitted CISP« Y 'O nuals, diaries, boks, etc. aid in Xmas an* stocked library. Their show of'lpntii^ °?' -a whilst they have a large variett of Welsh and English Bibles and Praver J ?mCS' materials, cigarette and cigar cases. The 'speciality this year is a number of useful articles made Tf Messrs. Morris Bros., butchers, have a fine stock of high-class prize beaste, sheep, lambs, etc. These in elude two prime bullocks, fed by Mr NortmT fZiddv"\d' r^lyCa4f k 1 tW,° prime bullocks, from Jo^ Jones, Pant Idda, Abergele; one prime bullock Mr Hughes, Ty Gwyn, Mochdre; twenty mountain wethere by the well-known local breeder, Mr Jones, Cilgwn Fawr, Oolwyn Bavj and fifteen prime Welsh l™h Mr Hughes, HenbTas, Abergele. A number of Sme geese have been procured from Mr Roberts Plas Isa Llanefydd; and the stock further includes'a number of porket pigs. Mr Tom Homan, St. Paul'a Arcade, has his usual large stock of pipes, cigars, cigarettes, and other requisites for the smoker. There is also a large sup- ply of toys and Xmas presents, as well as Xmas cards etc. Mr S. K. Williams, Clock House, has on offer this year an exceptionally fine range of wines, spirits, etc. A rare opportunity occurs to procure some of the genuine old vintage wines formerly the property of Lord Penrhyn. Mr Williams made extensive pur- chases at the Penrhyn SaJe, and is now offering at mgst reasonable prices. Clarets, Chateau Mouton (1864); Chateu Lefite (1868); Chateu 'La Rose (1891) • nh^iC8,4^HewatlfyvS (1864)' Eaet lndian Old Gold (1875). All tne best brands of wines and spirit* are always in stock. In addition to the wine and spirit department, Mr Williams has at his adjacent shop a tine selection of provisions, including prize Cheshire, the best bacon, batter, etc. Mr George Marfel], ironmonger, Abergele-mad, has a good show of the latest tools, cutlery and aU house- hold sundries, oooking utensils, gas lamps, etc., whilst he has, without doubt, a rare variety of guns and ammunition. A speciality is the new smokeless and chimneyless oil heating stoves, which should find a ready sale at this period of the year. The proprietor cordially invites an inspection of his stock. One of the beet Christmais window shows may be seen at Sykes' Shop, Abergele-road, Oolwyn Bay where are shown dainty cases and caskets of perfum- e-ry in all styles (Including Japanese art), the products of the best English perfumers. Messrs. Davies Bros., have bought a large number of prime beasts and sheep, and in the purchase of these they have patronised local farmers, all the stock having been bought within a radius of fifteen miles. AmoBg the special purchase made ty the firm bullocks, steers, calves, etc., fed by Mr J. T. Davies, Tanrallt, Llangwstenin; Mr J. Hughes, Ty Gwyn, Mochdre; Mr E. Birch, Farm, Rhuddlan; Mr Jones, Llannerch Park, Denbigh Mr Evans, Tanrogo, Aber- gele; Mr Wright, Hhyd, Prestatyn; Mr n. J. Lloyd, Talycafn; Mr D. Jones, Anglesey House Mr J. Owen, Hendrebach, Abergele, etc. Messrs Davies also offer a capital selection of turkeys, geese, etc: Mr W. 11. 1'owlaon has made a good dIsplay for the present season with fancy goods, cards, pictures, fancy frames, albums, etc., of a high-class quality. Mr K Percival has a large selection of Xmas cards and picture post cards, and in addition, a grand ar- ray of toys, tobacgo, etc., etc. Mr J. W. Holden, Belgravia, has without doubt a library seoond to none in the town. It now includes almost 2,000 volumes, out of which even the most fastidious must find an abundance of pleasing material. His Xmas card department is heavily stocked with all kinds of cards imaginable, and his Xmas picture post cards are exquisite. Books, both for young and old, there are in endless variety, and the games are many and varied. In the smoker's department he ha every class of tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, cases and Xmas novelties. "Limerickites" has proved a most serious "disease" in the town, and Mr Holden is assisting in its work by announcing that every purchaser of goods to the value of 6d., can take part in a "last line" competition, for which he offers three prizes, consist- ing of boxes of cigars. The North Wales Cycle Company, Abergele-road, have as usual a nice show of the latest in ladies' and gent's bicycles, by such eminent makers as Swift, Humber, Premier, etc. There is also a large assort- ment of lamps, bells, tool bags, tyres, and in fact everything a cyclist is likely to want. Footballs, hockey, stick3, Sambw's developers, obesity reducers, and the latest, tl1e "Symmetrion," ma.de expressly for ladies, are a few of the many good things shown that should make useful presents. Mr E. p. Jones has always shown admirable taste both in the selection of his goods and in the dressing f his. windows, but this year. even his past reputation in this refcpect has been enhanced. His large stock of beautiful fancy boxes of chocolates, crystalised fruits, figs, muscatels, almonds, biscuits, bon-bons, Xmas fruits, etc., are delightfully displayed. The provision department is also excellently served and contains only goods marked with the Al brand. During the year, the proprietor has added a new hygienic bakery to his establishment, a.nd as a result has a very fine show of rich iced cakes, all suitably mottoed, and running most acceptable and seasonable presents. In addition he has a large stock of high-class confection- ery. Mr W. Wild, is up-to-date with a varied stock of paraphernalia necessary for "Diabolo." He introduces a special line at 2d, the lowest figure at which the game can be procured. In addition he has a large stock of seasonable musical instruments, including gramophones and phonographs, and the newest records. Of bicycles, he has a large stock, and Mr Wild is, of course, the sole agent in the district for the famous Jones' sewing machines. Butts of Wrexham ha.ve taken over the business previously carried on by the London Mantle Company, and are at present conducting a clearance sale pre- vious to restocking with a high-class stock of millinery, etc., etc. For high-class millinery, ladies cannot do better than pay a visit to The Louvre, where satisfaction is guaranteed. To bargain hunters, a note to the effect that a sale is to be commenced at these premises on January 2nd, will no doubt be acceptable. Buckley's have a magnificent show of Christmas de- corated cakes, a.nd all up-to-date confectionery made from the best and purest ingredients. To cope with tho Christmas trade they have arranged one of their tea rooms as a temporary showroom. Crackers are offered m sizes ranging from two inches to three feet in length, while all the delicacies and articles which tend to beautify,he Xmas table, including toy birds, flowers, etc., of every description are to be procured at moderate prices. A large, varied and very taste- rullv selected stock of fancy chocolates, chocolate ani- mals and various other novelties are also offered. At Mr Gibbons establishment there is a. large assort- ment of Christmas and New Year cards, fancy leather and other articles, children's a.nnuals, fancy china, etc., suitable for presents, whilst the circulating library is extensively stocked. The at the premises of Mr Francis Davies, the Little Iron Shop, at the top of Station-road, is of the best. Rows upon rows of turkeys, geese, pheas- ants, chickens, etc., a.re to be seen, all of them of the very best quality. The proprietor is himself a large farmer, and all the poultry offered are reared on his own farm. There is also a grand variety of- English and foreign fruit, and a choice selection of vegetables grown in the proprietor's own gardens. Game and poultry are packed and sent to any part. Geese and t-urkeys are kept alive, but can be prepared for the larder at any time to suit purchasers. Mr Victor Albert, shows a tasteful selection of gold and silver goods, including watches, silver frames cups, old silver goods, etc., etc. He-has in addition a fine range of rings, from which all classes can be provided. A good game of golf is acceptable at anv period of the year, and in the matter of facilities, Oolwyn Bay is fortunate for the excellent links at Upper Colwyn Bay and those at Rhos-on-Sea, are amongst the best in the eountrv. Much cooking has to be done during Xmas, and g* od fires are essential. Those who have not as vet got in their coal, should order from Messrs Rowland and Co., who keep all the best Welsh, Lanes, and Staffs, coals. It is most important that watches, clocks, etc., should bo kept in thorough working order, if only for the purpose of heralding the New Year. Those in doubt as to the correctness of their timepieces, should send them at once to Mr Challand, Gainsborough House, Erskine-road.
A PENMAENMAWR COMPEN- SATION CASE. WORKMAN OBJECTS TO AN OPERATION. At the Bangor County Court on Monday, Judge Moss heard an application by Mr Porter, of Conway, acting on behalf of Messrs Darbishire, Penmaenmawr, to review an order of 10s a week under the Workmen's Oompensation Act granted to Edward Hughes, Aber, fonnerly employed at Messrs Darbistiiro's quarry. Mr Porter said that the respondent, illSteaa of taking the advice of the surgeon who amputated his leg, and taking a kneeling pin, 80 that he migilt continue his work at the quarry, got an artificial leg. Other men similarly injured secured kneeling pillS, and were able to work at the quarry. WTiesi his Honour made the order, he stated \Jia.t. it was desirable that. the rspon- dent should adapt himself to the kneeling pin, so that he could accept the work which was olIered to him. Messrs Darbishire frequently endeavoured to prevail upon him to use the kneeling pin, but. as he had not done so, certain adhesions had formed so that the pin could not now be used. The respon- dent had placed himself in an unreasonable position by not availing himself of the surgical advice offered to him. So far as Messrs Darbishire were concerned, it was not a question of money; in fact, it would have been cheaper to them in view of the expenses attendant upon the respondent's visits to I;áv erpo 01 for medical advice, to pay the compensation, but they thought it best in the interests of the man him- self that he should place himself in a position bo earn his own livelihood. Mr C. H. Darbishire, managing director of Messrs Darbishire, Limited, said he was anxious that the defendant should qualify himself for work, because he was still young and healthy. He should earn more than 10s a week. Questioned by Mr Twigge Ellis, who appeared for the respondent, witness said he had heard that the respondent made no effort to use the kneeling pin. He believed that U Wall not necessary for the deten- dant to undergo an operation before he could use his leg. The defendant obtained an artificial leg con- trary to advice. Further evidence was given by James McClement. agent for Messrs Darbisliire, who Aid he was satisfied that the respondent could use the kneeling pin. Dr E. O. Price (Bangor), who examined the respon- dent for Messrs Darbishire, said that he bent his knee to a certain angle. The respondent said t. he would consent W any treatment exoept cutting and chloroforming. He was a hyper-sensitive man. If he had gone under the operation he would have been able to use the kneeling pin, hut if he main. tained his present position he would be unable to U1Ie the limb. Mr Twigge Ellis contended that the respondent had done everything in his power to .meet the wishes of Messrs Darbishire, and he did his utmost with his mechanical leg. Hie objection to an anaesthetic was not based on sentiment alone, and he was not malingering. Messrs Darbishire set him to Liverpool to see Dr. Robert Jones, who, however, did not ex- lWÚne him. The defendant, in the witness-box, said he had followed all advice tendered to him. The Judge suggested the appointment or a medical referee, saying it was purely a medical question. There were two doctors in the case, but apparently they disagreed. Answering Mr Porter, the respondent said that when he informed Dr Robert Jones that he would not consent to be chloroformed, the doctor told him to go home. Mr Porter It comes to this, that, under no circum- stances you will take chloroform ? Repondent: Indeed, I don't know, it's a difficult question; a daughter of my sister died under chloro- form. I am afraid of chloroform, and I will agree to treatment without choloroform if I can bear the pain. Replying to the Judge, the respondent said he wanted to work. He was afraid that when under chloroform the doctors would amputate his leg again. Dr Lumley Roberts said he was satisfied that the respondent was not malingering, and he was unable to work. The Judge, in giving his decision, stated that he oould not ask the respondent to submit himself to a serious operation, but the operation which the respon- dent was asked to undergo was not serious, its object being to avoid pain. He must look le facts in the face, however sorry he might feel for the respondent, and he would reduce the order to 2s a week, but he would suspend it for three months to enable the respondent to undergo massuage treatment, and if that did not succeed he might go under the operation recommended by the doctor*.
CHURCHYAKD BLOSSOMS. Ye starry blooms, that deck the field Where lambkins gaily leap. Or to the regal footstep yield Your fragrance round his keep, What do ye here, amid the dead, Where life and beauty all are Bed? O. tell me, by some whispering bretac That o'er you seems to pass, Beneath the solemn yewen trees, At time of evening mass, 0, tell me, Churchyard Blossoms, dear, Why do ye smile so sweetly here1 Ah, child of earth, they seem to nj, Go where the ivy leaves embrace That aged tombstone, dull and grey; There, there our answer thou shalt trace- In beauty clad. and free from pam-- The dead in Christ shall rise again. And standing by the lowly mound, Slow pondering o'er the simple rhyme, silent sermon there I found. A -warning from the pen of time. Upon the clay of by-gone years To waste not life in useless tears. Smile, smile, ye graveyard blooms who keep Your noiseless vigil o'er the dead; Direct the Qye6 of those who weep To that bright sun which gleams o'erhead— The sun at Righteousness, whose light Can rend the deepest gloom of night. Smile, smile in all your summer pride, For winter's wind will lay you low, And in the earth you too must hide, Beneath a pall of spotless snow; Then wake once more, when woodlands ring, Emblems of the eternal spring. MRS. AI^BEIiT JORES. BettvaKQMMl
XVERAG ELIVE STOCK." From a recent issue of Foreign Statig. tics by the Board of Agriculture, we learn some interesting facts in comparison withi our live stock at home. In the matter of cattle, the average life of the British ani. mal is much shorter than that of the Con- tinental variety. This is said to be due to two causes the tendency to grow baby beef and the almost total disuse of bullocks foe draught purposes in the country. Abroad oxen are kept for years for farm work, an<| only killed for beef at a mature age, while here it is only in a few localities that draught oxen are to be found at all. IiI. these continental returns, where the samc animals are enumerated year after year th. cattle population is swelled in amount, yet notwithstanding this we have a greater pro- portion to the area than any country except, ing perhaps Belgium. BRITAIN HEADS THE LIST. In the matter of sheep again only three countries beat us in number of head pe* acreage. Taken altogether it means thatj our Islands still head the world for propor* tionate number of live stock, while as ttf quality of the stock, all the world come £ here for pedigree animals to improve theii breeds. It is the fashion with some journal- ists to nag at the British farmer because eggs, butter, fruit, etc., are imported froal abroad; in common fairness they might re- member that we have more live stock and raise better crops per acre than any othej country. GROOMING COWS. For some time past some sanitary authors ties have been endeavouring to make th(( grooming of the cows compulsory, and in one case known to the writer a cowkeepeu was summoned for not doing so sufficiently, to please the inspector. How much or how, little of this kind of work should be done will very much depend on circumstances, though under no conditions could they be kept as clean as some of our authorities try to make compulsory. There are several things outside of the cows, however, whicW help to keep them clean to begin with, and one of these is the kind of stall that the* stand in. If there is a raised up manger ta feed out of then they will lie foul, because their droppings fall when they are feeding-, on just the place where they afterwards lie down. PROPER DPAINAGE. Again if there is no proper gutter behind them they will also lie foul, no matter how well they are bedded with litter. A widi and deep gutter is an absolute necessity it a cowshed, and those local authorities whf are enforcing the making of them ar< perfectly justified in doing so. The present writer has himself tried many sizes of gutk ters in practice and finds that one two feei| wide and six inches deep is the best frong all points of view. The bottom should slant! sideways away from the cow, as well as hav- ing a fall" endways, so as to keep the liquid manure quite away. When a gutteif like this is made it is remarkable how mucll cleaner the animals naturally keep them. selves,- and how much less grooming they rek quire. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE. Within the last twenty-five years or so# there has been a remarkable change in the comparative prominence' of the subjects which are included within the rsvnge of whal may be called agricultural science. Whea the present writer first began to read uj £ the theory of his work-he was a ploughmaif to his father at the time—the only scientific book in existence was Johnston s Agricul-4 tural Chemistry," which his father had studied away back in the Forties." As 0 matter of fact, it was chemistry, and cherry istry only, which constituted so-called scieni tific farming for nearly half a century, ami it is only within recent years that we hav? got outside that narrow ring. The present writer is of opinion that much of tie dial trust felt by practical farmers for the teach* ings of science is due to the failure of chem-i Istry to help us in the practice of manuring rj you cannot by analysing a soil tell whaf manure it needs, and there is the end of it* SCIENCE WHICH HELPS THE FABMXR. Two of the most notable agricultural chemists of the present day have each wrife^ ten a book on "The Soil," and in each c.,wo scarcely anything is said about the chemis- try of it, but everything is said about c mate, rainfall, texture of the soil, ca-pillarq ity, temperature, etc., while cultivation toe maie "tilth" is much advocated. As £ matter of fact geology is the science thafi explains more about the soil than any other science, but a look at the syllabus of any of our agricultural colleges will show thati there are many other of importance: tho botany of the crops, the veterinary of the animals, the mensuration and surveying ofi fields, etc., the bookkeeping of accounts, and many others have opened up a wide range of knowledge of the utmost importance to practical farm work. But this change in the In. application of science to farming is very re* markable and augurs well for future devel- opments. The subject is broadening down us it were, and the practical details of every* day work are being worked out scientifically in a way, not thought of twenty years ago., FATTENING POULTRY FOR MARKET* From the middle of November till afteil the New Year, the poulterers in the varioutf large markets have a demand for largo fowls, well-fattened and in good condition.,t and are willing to pay a good price to fa teners who can supply the class of fowl the j want. A substantial increase in profits would result if the poultry to be sold were ialf4 fattened by forced feed for ten days be* fore marketing. To "half-fat" the birdf they require to be shut up in a quiet sem £ t dark place, warm but well ventilated; usual* ly on a farm it is the spare cockerels anqj weedy pullets and old hens that are sold offr but if possible to specially breed birds foj table, the farmer will find that he gets th€ best birds—deep in the keel, -well-fleshed aztC fine in the bone, and fairly rapid growers-^ from Dorkings on light and medium soils" and crosses of Game-Durking and Game* Orpington on the heavy soils. Such birdM will be big-bodied and oarry flesh, and standi fattening well, but it is found next to im pbssible to fatten birds of the Leghorn ana Minorca type; these birds have tiny bodied1/ and are too active to stand confinement^ and to put on flesh. The birds selected ari shut up, food is given them twice n day, as much as they will eat, the leavings being cleared away at once. FATTENING AND PREPARING FOB USE. Soft food is the most usual, but many fintfr that old hens get fat more quickly on maia^, in the grain. Meals—middlings, groun<f oats, and barley-meal—are used mixed iutd a crumbly mass with skim-milk, or failings this, warm water. Milk will put good whit<| fat on the bird, but maize in meal or graix^ jjjwill put on a disagreeable yellow fat thaw rather detracts from the appearance, an4 should therefore be avoided. The birds re quire to be starved at least 18 hours before killing, and this last is usually accomplished by dislocating the neck, or by bleedijig-thdt former the more humane way, and the law ter giving a whiter flesh. The bird should be plucked at once, beginning with th. strong flight-feathers, and holding the fowl so that the head hangs down. The bird whei> plucked is better to be shaped, either be- tween two boards, as in Sussex, or by tying the hocks down and the feet close in to the wings; this helps to plump up the bird for marketing. Birds that are merely shaped will travel in better condition than th that are drawn and trussed, and it is bet for the farmer to sell his fowls undrawn than run the risk of hie consignment be spoilt through delay. p.S.—The author will be glad to answefc any questions arising out of this article 4 they are addressed to him, c/o the Editor. ?
MOLASSINE COMPANY (1907) LIMITED.; Notice has been given fbat the Prefearflnc# Shaine Register of this Company will be -k-mg groan 19th December, 1907, to 1st January1^ 1908, boifah days mahaBve. for tiie rrepyatdag] aaid payment hi tibe dividend upon PrfaA/ Shares.
Doing well tLeperads upon doing complete4- Next to tfoing a big tfcmc is giefecLag eoxnecai ebe to do k.