PERSONAL. Mi-is Mary Gcdsal, of Iscoyd Park, Whitchurch Salop, left £ If,694. Lord and Lady Harlech returned to Brogyntyn, Shropshire, on Monday, from Glyn, Talsarnau, their Merionethshire seat. Mr Ellis Jojies Griffith, M.P., will spend Christinas at Lausanne, whither Mrs Griffith and the children have gone for the winter. The Earl and Counters of Powis returned to Powia Castle on Monday from a week-em. visit to Mr and Mrs Whitelaw Reid at West Park. Major-General Hugh Sutley Gough, C.B., C.M.G., of Caerhun, Talycafn, Conway, and Lieut.-Colonel Charles Henry Darbishire, of Plas Mawr, Penmaenmawr, have been appointed Deputy-Lieutenants for Carnarvonshire. Lady Theodora Guest, grext-aujit of the D.'ke of Westminster, has presented to the hospital at Shaftesbury a nsw operation-room, complettly equipped with modern appliances, as a memorial to her mother, the lato Marchioness of West- minsrer. Mr Lloyd George, while motoring to London from Manchester, on Sunday, was thrown against the windguard of the car, and the glass cut his left eye. The accident happened near Lichfield. The right h-on. gentleman was able to attend a meeting of the Cabinet on Monday. It was formally notified in the "London Gazette" on Tuesday night that Mr Owen Slaney Wynne, of Dol Rhyd, Dolgelley, had been com- missioned to act as Vice-Lieutenant for Merion- eth during tho Lord-Lieutenant's absence from the county from sickness or other inability. It h announced that a marriage has been ar- ranged between Sir Foster Cunliffe, Bart., d Acton Park, Wrexham, the prospective Conser- vativo ard Unionist candidate for East Denbigh- shire, and Lady Violet Anson, youngest daughter of the Earl of Lichfield, of Shugborough Pa k Stafford. The ma/riage will probably take placa in January. FREEDOM OF CARNARVON FOR MR LLOYD GEORGE. A movement in which all political parties par ticipate hM ba-sn initiated with the object of conferring on Mr Lloyd George the freedom of the borough of Carnarvon. A special meeting of the Town Council has been summoned for this purpose, and the resolution is expected to be unanimously adopted. He will be the third on whom this honour has been conferred, Sir Wm. Preece being the first, and the lato Mr Bodvcl Robert, for many years town clerk, being tho lecond, The birth of a son and heir to Viscount and Visoounte," Crichton, has giveii rise to much re- joicing. Lady Crichton is a daughter of the first Duke of Westminster by his second marriage. WILL OF MR ALEXANDER YOUNG. Mr Alexander Young, of Aberdeen-terrace, Elackheath, Kent, chaiterjd accountant, of Messrs Turquand, Youngs, and Co. (formerly Coleman, Turquand, and Young), of Coleman-st., E.C., chiaf acting executor of the will of Thomas Charles Drnoe, of the Baker-street Bazaar, under which he leccived a legacy of £ 100 and an an- nuity of JB200 during the continuance of the trusts of his wili, and a prominent art collector, who died at Pontresina, Switzerland, on August 15th last, aged 78, left estate valued at £442,308 gross, with net personalty 9373,923. The testator's pictures, prints, arid engravings are to devolve with his residuary estate, which he left to his wife for lifg. Mr Young bequeathed L500 to R. C. Thurley, the mission pastor of the Rothbury Hall Mission at Greenwich) and an annuity of £ 150 f 3r 10 years certain, and thereafter in the discretion of his executors, towards the augmen- tation of the stipend of the said R. C. Thurley, or other pastor for the time being of the Roth- Dury Hall, Greenwich, provided that the stipend of he post from other sources shall amount to at least £ 100 per annum. Mr Alexander Young was the father of Mr E. A. Young, of Tany- 1 T> 1 uryu, z>«iiigor.
-=.=- BROWN & CO., MERCERS, Eastgate Bow, CHESTER, Beg to announce that they are devoting r SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THEIR Dressmaking Department, And will be pleased to send patterns of materials, latest Fashion Plates and Forms for self-measurement, on application. Orders by Post receive prompt and careful attention. | i ■ —— —— i LADIES' TAILORING. iLEXAIDEi BEE LADIES' TAILOR, of 10, Pepper Street, CHJEiSTIilR, 13 NOW SHOWING A LARGE ASSORT- MENT OF ALL THE NEWEST MATERIALS FOR AUTUMN AND WINTER WEAR. PERFECT FIT GUARANTEED in the LATEST STYLES. A Good Serviceable Costume mado to order for 50s. Riding Habits, Motor Coats, etc. Patterns sent post free. ff tb Welsl) Coast pioneer. LARGEST CIRCULATION ON THE COAST. THE SALE OF THE Welsh Coast Pioneer Amounts to an average which, if tested, will show an EXCESS OF SEVERAL THuUSANO COPIES WEEKLY DVEK ANY OTHER rENHV PAPtrt. Branch Offices LLANDUDNO MOSTYN STREET LLANRWST WATUNG S iKbET RHYL 29, HIGH STREET. AbERGELB CAX I ON HuU £ E. London Representative t MR. PERCY DAY. 74, FLEET STREET.
Rhyl was visited on Sunday morning last by the biggest blaze it has ever known, and it has seen some big fires in its time. The result was the total destruction of the mag- nificent building known as the Queen's Palace, one of the largest, and certainly the most sumptuously decorated place of public „ resort in North Wales. One can hardly o. realise the fact when writing these lines, and the news will cause sad reflections, not only in Rhyl and its neighbourhood, but to thousands in all parts of the country, to whom the beautiful ballroon with its luxuri- ous appointments and elaborate decorations was a source of delight and pleasure when- ever they visited Rhyl. During its erection money appeared to be no object, and it is estimated that quite £100,000 was expended on the structure. Unfortunately we believe that financial success did not latterly attend the company's efforts, and the directors have the sympathv of everybody in 'their culminating misfortune, which has deprived them and the town of Rhyl of a beautiful and stately erection, whose architectural and decorative features were the pride of the inhabitants. < < < It is to be regretted that Rhyl is rapidly acquiring a most unenviable notoriety for fires, and very soon the fire companies will mark down the town as a black spot on their map. There is a certain area of Lon- don packed with warehouses and other structures which the assurance authorities regard as a danger zone, and all buildings within this belt are only insured at a very high premium. The number of large and small fires which have occurred in Rhyl is, compared to other towns in North Wales, astonishingly numerous, and if they con- tinue to occur with the same frequency in the future as in the past, Rhyl's reputation will suffer in more than one respect. Some ten or twelve years ago the Grand Pavilion was destroyed by fire. The town at one stroke was thus deprived of its principal at- traction, and to take the place of the ill- fated Pavilion a company undertook to erect a handsome building, which has in turn fallen a prey to, as the descriptive reporter puts it, the devouring element. ? < < It is somewhat singular that for several weeks the Rhyl Urban Council have been discussing the desirability of erecting an elaborate pavilion and providing their own orchestra. A certain amount of opposition was offered the suggestion and it was re- solved that a meeting of ratepayers should be called upon to decide whether or not the Council might embark upon the scheme. We think the Council need hardly trouble the ratepayers for their decision. The town is without any public place of amusement, and the sooner the Council decide upon a definite course of action the better. The Llandudno Pier Company may be forgiven any feelings of egotism or lofty sat- isfaction when they read about the parlous position in which both Rhyl and Colwyn Bay are situated in regard to public amuse- ments. Whilst in one case a destructive fire has for the second time deprived the older town of its principal centre of attrac- tion, Colwyn Bay has this week received a severe shock by the announcement that the proprietors of the Victoria Pier Pavilion nave abandoned their intention of giving erchestral concerts next season on the ground that they are conducted at a finan- cial loss. The outlook is therefore serious for both towns. « « In a letter written to us by Mr Pryce- Davis, the Pier Company's secretary, the reasons which have actuated the proprietors in coming to their decision are set out at length, and it is interesting to notice that one of the reasons assigned for the non- success of the concerts is the severe com- petition the Company have had to face in the various entertainments that take place on the promenade during the evening. These entertainments are held practically under the auspices of the Urban Council, who let the promenade for the purpose. To what extent these al fresco gatherings do in- jure the Pavilion concerts is a matter of opinion, but it is somewhat singular that the directors of the now extinct Queen's Palace at Rhvl were continually at variance with the Rhyl Council on the same subject. There is undoubtedly a good deal in these complaints, and if the two towns in ques- tion had only followed the statesmanlike policy of the Llandudno Council, who allow no rivals to the more pretentious entertain- ments of the Llandudno Pier Company, the results might have been different < A Pioneer representative interviewed several members of the Colwyn Bay Council and one or two large property owners on the Pier Company's decision. It will be seen that the concensus of opinion is that the Company are merely playing a game of bluff in order to intimidate the Council to buy the concern. Mr J. M. Porter, how- ever, believes in the bona-fides of the Com- pany when they declare the" cannot afford to give high-class orchestral concerts through want of support. That also is our opinion. If the orchestral concerts are abandoned the residents and the best class of visitors to the town will certainly go to Llandudno, and it is a curious coincidence that they will have just in time remarkably convenient travelling facilities enabling them Z, to do so. The light railwav will unques- tionably be a great factor in helping visitors to enjoy the famous concerts at Llandudno. The Council, we consider, would therefore be well advised in view of the fresh develop- ments to consider a sensible scheme for the acquirement of the Pier Company's pro- perty. The Rhyl Council have resolved to build a Pavilion of their own, and we see no reason why Colwyn Ba" should not do the same. If their Acts of Parliament will not allow them to do so at present they must extend their powers. Private enterprise has failed at both places, and it remains for the local authorities to step in and cater for visitors themselves, and we shall see whether any rival shows will be allowed to give performances simultaneously. w. A Nonconformist paper in North Wales has been watching the lectures and sermons of Welsh preachers from the point of view of the language purist. "The Rev. H. M. Hughes, B.A., Cardiff," it is pointed out, "finds the English language of great assis- • tance in driving home his points in a Welsh address." In the course of a ten minutes' Welsh speech at Liverpool the rev. gentleman is said to have made use of the following words "Registro, hootio, shario, ripht, monk, exercises, aestheticism, sheet anchor, steps, engineer, ideals, sham, reality, pas- time, millinery, dead earnest, facts, mummi- fied, theories, power, Socialism, wrong, minority, slaves, initiation, registration, crowd, fee, transparent." it It has been decided to restore, at an estimated cost of £ 300, the historic Welsh Congregational Chapel at Newmarket, Flintshire. It is the oldest Nonconformist place of worship in the county. It was given to the Dissenters" as a place of worship by John Wynne, of Caparlleni, Newmarket, barrister-at-law, in 1707, and has been used continuously ever since. Its past ministers include Matthew Ilenry, the commentator, and the old black oak pulpit from which he delivered his sermons is still in use, and is regarded as a sacred relic. A Cabinet Minister was once shown an important speech of his after it had ap- peared in Welsh in a local paper. The Minister (who knew about as much of the vernacular as Dr Alex. Hill) stared at the report, and then observed, "Well, I thought myself that parts of it were a little in- volved, perhaps even ambiguous, but I had no idea I had said anything like that 1" « < < A deplorable squabble between neigh- bours and members of the same church" is how Judge Moss described a little difference of opinion in Anglesey, where one man clawed the other and called him a devil, and the devil" retorted by knocking down his co-religionist and kneeling in a pious attitude on his chest,
EDUCATION DEPARTMENT AND THE RATEPAYERS. Elementary School-children and Medical Examinations. BOUND TO COST MILLIONS. It is to be feared, eavs the "Western Mail," that not iiali. luus been told as to fcae cost of the new Socialistio law under wii-ea tho Govern- ment orders that all the children hi the eJo- mentary axe to be metilica-ily examined- zotO,Uuu has Leen given as tue probable yearly oust of tne doctors, nunsee, etc., who will bo required to give eiteot to the regular uon of tho Board od Education- .iimouier i important litem of expenditure must not be Ov'crioO'lied. L>atWi~r<jou& will nave to be at- tached to tile iWii'ooie, and it is m the inchest uogreo imipiru'ixM>L<e mat a local auenoriity can provide a oaui-room, witln hot and coio1 w mer anu tiiov.er boon, xor Iclo lunan I-iuo. -13 latere ilre i4,uuu sc^ooiis in the kingdom, the tasK of -equipping txieiii atol wiiiih butki-roomis at JolUU each will absorb ±Jl,4UO,UU0- iiivon i-iiis is mot ail. i ae regulation says that the medical esxa-nunation must be made in line soucol wiirun soiaool hours- in nearly aU tne scuoojs tliene 16 not a room, to spare for tins purpose. Ari the ciass-roJims are occupied, and it is safe to iiay feiat in tHe lnaiontv of eehoo'is tine t'liuno space is occupied by ue teachers and the clashes. True,, it 16 possible to digmists a class jLioir a day in order to release a room for the medical examination, but if this were done to any cxwnt-and. of course, the doctors will be on duty every day throughout tone school year—the result would be eo detrimental to tne avarage attendance tnat tne lops m grants would to considerable, 'linis IS a point Chat will weigh with education authorities; and it is quite possible that when faiyey build the batn- room tlhiey wid provide a medical examination room ae well. A octrneir of this room will, no d'cubt, be used by tne school nurse or tQaciher who is expeote-d to treat oases of minor ail- ments, low tiiis cannot be done in view of the other children in the school. The cost of the mtedical-iroom will vary with the large or email ideas of the education auti.iorities. Jucilging from past experience, their ideas wiU be large rather than small- Thus the total cost of putting the Board of Kdu^joituon regulation into operation increases the further the details are examined. If the medioal roam and the bath-room can be ereo- ted for Li5O, the new equipment lor the 14,000 eohoola would mean an expenditure of j. £ 2 100,000- The probability ia that the £ 150 will be exceeded in a larj?e majority of oaees, and the total cost of these two features alone may well! reach L3,000,000-a stupendous addi- tion to the local xatka. The position is further complicated so far as [ rural schools are concerned. Many of these buildiugrJ are not furnished with a sufficient supply of col<J water for the ordinary sanitary requdremionte- The provision of hot and cold water for baths under these conditions must F Pl'O'VB an expensive matter. That the provision will have to be made is shown by the clear wamirjig of the Board of Education that grants will depend upon the efficient enforcement of the new iioguilation- Further, it will be noted that the Board of Education places no limit upon the number of the medical examinations. It will insist upon three examinations during a child's school li e, and suggests that four would be motre desir- able. It needs no special knowledge of the composition of the education authorities to en- abie one to hazard tho opinion that verv many ctf them will beiore liong establish annual in, spections. At first many of them-peirhaps most of them-will, DO doubt, remain content Im m with meeting the minimum requirements, but it will not be long before the examinations will increase in number, and tho cost will propor-, tiorately grow. It is, therefornot at all imiprdbable that by the time the new eoheme is in ifulil working order the ratepayers of the country will find themselves forced into am ex- pen^c'itra-e of anything between £ 2.000,000 and £ 3,000,000 on bath and medical rooms, and an annual expenditure on doctors^ nurses, clerks and new medSeal department in Whitehall, ot anything between £ 670,000 and £ 1,000,000. Nor is this all. It is suggested in tlie regu- lation that one of the sequels to the discovery of defective children will be special arrange- ments for teaching- them. The educational wind is to be tempered to the shorn lamb. Training will va.ry with mental and physical fitness- Eaoh child must bo studied and his qualifications considered with an eye to his future, amd thje teadbing will be in accordance with his qualities. Children with weak eyes will require special; books; children of weak intellect will require special teachers. Strong boys will be trained for tho more robust careers., and tho weaker ones for others- AM this means a tremendous upheaval cIÍ tho existing system. Once the results of the first medical exa.mina- tion are examined and tabulated we must pre- pa,re for a weeding process and for a re-grouping olf effasses in the (schools- All this makes for irjccreased staff, increased accommodation, and, consequently, a largely increwsed cost. It ie impossible to even guess all that this may mean in £ B. d. That the reform ought to have an immeriiso beneficial effect on tho nhy6iquo of the raoo is to be expected: whether the same result cannot be obtained for a smaller eum than the millions that this scheme will cost ie a matter that oalfe for eeriotia consideration-
THE REPRESENTATION OF DENBIGH BOROUGHS. CONSERVATIVE CANDIDATE AT RUTHIN. Tlhe Hon. W. CXrmsby Goro the Conservative candidate for the Denbigh Boroughs, was ac- corded an enthusiastic welcome at Ruthin on Monday evening-, when he attended the gene- ral meeting of members of the Constitutional Club, Ilreld undlor the chairmanship of Mr Geo. Bdezard,, president of the club. Having commented uipoai the absence of an afsaooiartion, a Larger organisation tnat was ne- cessary indopeJident of a club. Mr Gore next paid a tribute oit praise to the late member for tho Boroug-ns, the Hon. G. T. Kenyon. At- tempts, he said, were being made to overthrow the British Constitutkwi, and it beihoved all Conservatives an«$Unionists to unites in main- taining that British constitution (hear, hear)- 'Iaæ Government at present waa three-fold— there was the constitution;11 side, the liberal side, And the domestic ar social side-ii),d at- tempts were boing ma die to subvert and over- throw a constitution that time had honoured, and* which Uhey had been brought u>p to re- vere He took hde stand firmly on the p.rin- cdpile that a two-Chamber Government was ab- solutely necessairy. amd there must be no at- tempt to alter the British Constitution (ap- plause). He had been termed a "rank and reactionary Tory," but the policy of the party w§s not re- actionary but progressive. He expressed him- rollf in sympathy with a policy of social reform that meant to better the conditions of the working classes, to' increase the welfare of trade, amd furtljer the prosperity of our Emipire aa a whole- Tho Socialists and Liberals' idea, of carrying out euclh a policy was to carry on a sort of cirusadle against the rich, end not to consider whether it would be of any benefit as a whole- That was an ill-considered and ill- dirccted policy, aiid was taoking social reform ait the wrong end- They required more and better edbcution; tibia would require a great cfeal of mo.ney, and the only metlnod of getting that money was a method of tariff reform (hear, bear). This he believed was bound to oomo as a method of taxation- Other speakers included tlhe Chairman, Col- onel Comwiallis West (Lard-Lieutenant of the county). Colonel Saxon Gregso-n Ellis and the Mayor of Ruthin (Coiuneillor T. J. Rouw), and) a vote of confidence in Mr Gore was unani- aaoujsly carried amidst applause.
I "ALCNG 1 11 E COAST." (By a Travelling Correspondent). Unhappy Rhyl! All our eyee, and many of our feet, have turned thitherward, this week. This pleasant, homely, airy and sunny resort has had an unenviable notoriety in recent years for aerious fires, but the fire of last Sunday out- heroded Herod. There seemed almost a. weird, uncanny collaboration of elements in their grim' sport, and concrete floors, expensive sprinklers, r heroio firemen, all failed to stem the overwhelm- ing tide of destruction. If things go on like this, we shall be whispering that there is a euree upon the fair place, and, decidedly, if the string" of fires which has occurred in Rhyl during the lafet six or seven years had occurred in the cor- responding years of the first decade of the eighteenth century, we should have been cast- ing about for some author, or authoress rather, of the witchcraft which was being exercised against the well-being of the town I • • • • Ab it is, peoplo are whispering in awe-struck groups about the place wondering what fate will overtake the next house of entertainment to be built. The tale of Marie Hall, near Conway, may be recalled, which it was seriously said, up to a few years ago, had been repeatedly burnt down by Satan. Possibly we shall hear it hinted in some pulpit hereabouts that the destruction of Rhyl halls of comic fiong arisen from the judgment of a Being as benignant as that just mentioned is impious. But we must put superstition of every sort aside, and look this fact of the liability of Rhyl to destructive fireG in the face with a. common-cense deter- mination to- find out the cause and apply the re- medy. There ought not to be more fires in Rhyl than the average of other towns in North Wales. That is what everybody is eaying juet now. e w w It is a calamity to Rhyl to lose this fine placo of amtisement, and I am sure every inhabitant along the coast will join with Mr J. H. Eilis in the expression of sympathy which he uttered at the Council meeting yesterday, with the enter- prising men who have embarked their capital in this undertaking, have devoted so many years although it is not fire that destroys it as a rule. and have now practically seen tho whole edifice, raieed with such pain-3 and sacrifice, vanish like a dream. It is an unpleasant fact that outside capitalists who have ooone down to the North Wales coast with the view to a profitable investment of their wealth, scarcely ever escapo with more than the fragments of their capital, although it is not fire that destroys it as a rule. Wo can begin at Rhyl, and we can tramp along the ocast right down to Aberystwyth, and we can scarcely find an institution established by imported capital that is worth to-day what it cost. I am not blaming the local com- munities for this, but merely indicating a fact. Often, of course, losses aro caused through a schemo being initiated unwisely, or unwisely carried out. The Rhyl Palace—now, alas, no more -wae, well designed, but had two defects. It was intended to combine a. ballroom with a theatre or music hall, but the stage being where it was it did not blend these purposes at ail well. » Tho Rhyl Council have not gone far with their "municipalising" of the means of amusements before they have perceived that what was sauce for the goose should Hot be sauce for the gander. The competition which other people's evening indoor "shows" was subjected- to by the Council will not, as I suggested last week, bo offered to the grand concerts in the Rhyl Council's own pavilion, when it Tisee up in its magnificence upon the beach opposite Edward Heni-y-st-'cet. Mr Frimston told the Council eo quite plainly yesterday, and the Council did not demur vo the soft impeachment. How wondrously circum- stances alter cases! My comments last week were aniiply justified by the announcement of the directors of the Colwyn Bay Pier Company of the abandonment of their gummer concerts. » » • I should think that it needed no argument to demonstrate the justice and oommon.m:c of the principle that indoor amusements provided at a large expense should have the best encoui- agement at the hands of the local authority in a. seaside pleasure resort. I well remetmber the days before the Colwyn Bay Pier was built, and the polite invitations dropped every now and again by eloquent councillors to outside syndicates. "Come down to Colwyn Ba.y," it was said, in effect, "and provide for us nice attractions for our visitors. We will give you a. hearty welcome; you will give us the very thing wo need to make our growing report the finest in the land, and you will at the same time earn a fine dividend upon your investment!" And, yet, when the pier, pavilion and concerto aie provided at great expense, the Council, who ha.ve thus iriviWd the company to come to their asaistance, have not the grace to comply even for a trial year with the petition that they should, by the stopping of competition on the promenade in the evenings, be given fair field for their enterprise. That being the case we cannot wonder at or object to the company sitting tight upon their property, and declining to spend more money upon an expensive orchestra, until they are more adequately backed up by the Council. • » » • The Sanitary Inspectors' Association very pro- perly considered, when they wetnt to Pcnmaen- m-awr last Saturday, the question of the pro- vision of isolation hospitals. This is a question which should be brought home to the local authorities of Penmaenmawr, Conway, and Con- way Rural District, Llanrwst, too, and Albergele, St. Aisaph, and other localities, need to be stirred up vigorously upon this matter. One argument in tho address of Mr W. H. Worrall struck me aa very pertinent. Hospitals should 00 pro- vided, he said, not only to cope efficiently with outbreaks in each district for the benefit of the district itself, but in order that one place might not be a menace to its neighbours. It ? very hard that Colwyn Bay and Llandudno should tax themselves pretty heavily to maintain suitable isolation hospitals, for tiheir own people, and yet that other communities on their bordere should escape that tax and expose them.elves and their neighbours to the very perils both of hoaltih and wealth against which the more ad- vanced resorts make the required sacrifice to guard themselves. w < I have studied with no little interest the notice appearing in the "Pioneer" last week of the application to the Light Railway Commission fcr powers to make the "Abbey, Dolgarrog, and Trefriw Light Railway." It seems to me t'hat this is a Echcmo full of promise foT the picturesque district formed in geological tunes by the great subsidence which has left us the vast "fault" on the west side of the Con.way Valley. As I understand it, the proposed line will commence from a point alongside the Lon- don and Nortlh-Weetcrn "Railway where the high road practically adjoins the railway, two and a half miles on the Llanrwst side of Talycafn Station. As the notice states, there is a Metho- dist Chapel close to the spot. Most of us have observed the chapel, thougih I do not for the moment recollect its name. No doubt the Lon- don and North-Western Railway Company would bo disposed to build a station at this point, as there are roads loading up to a number of farms and several email villages on the Denbighshire eide of the liver, and the distance between Taly- cafn and Llanrwst is unusually great to be with- out an intermediate stopping place. From this .point the new line is to cut straight across the valley which is here narrower than at any point between Talyoafn and Llanrwst. 0 It will cross the river, of course by a bridge, and the bridge will have either to be of the swing variety or to give sufficient headroom for the passage of the river steaaners. This, of course, will be eaeily arranged, notwithstanding the oczy nature of the banks. Once over the valley, no engineering difficulty will be pre- sented. The streams will be crossed by suit- able bridges, and th line will be laid on the river side of the high road between Conway and Trefriw 8.6 far as the Trefriw Wharf below tlie Belle Vue Hotel. From this point it will, after crossing the Crafnant River close to the wharf, be laid on the side of the embankment of tfnat river to a terminus close to the TrefTiw bridge. Thus the traina will convey passengers from the North-Western line right into the village of Trefriw, with stopping places at the different points of interest or places of residence en route. Tho line is to be worked by electricity generated by water power abstracted frcan t!he Afon Dulyn. Its main purpose, of course, will be to carry away the metal manufactured by the Aluminium Corporation, but its secondary use for passenger trains to a district well de- serving modern exploitation will not be without its advantages.
Little Tommy appeared the other day with a bruise on his brow and another on his chin. "You told me mamma," said Tommy," to count a hundred when I was angry and tempted to fight. Well, I did it, but it's no use. See what Billy Jones did when I was counting the hundred."
TRAINING OF OFFICERS AND MEN. The dciay in issuing the special instructions promised by the Army Council a few weeks ago concerning the details of the Territorial Army is responsible for the very tardy pro- gresp that is being made by the county asso- ciations. The "Western Mail," however, has made inquiries in ce-tain military ouarters with a yjew of gleaning something of the scheme which is in conuaniplation, particularly in re- spect to the ionyalion the W elsh Territorial Division, w'.hicn was officially announced from tne War Oilice last week. The division, winch is to be brought into existence during the en- suing y/ear, will, we understand, be formed from the Artillery and' In; a 11 try Volunteers al- ready raised in the comntieo contained within the grouped regimental district, which has its headquarters at Shrewsbury, and which is commanded by Brigadier-general A. W. Hill, C.B. The existing cadres consist of A,rtillery-1st. Cardigan, let Carnarvon, 1st Monmouthshire, and 1st Shropshire atnd Staffordshire. Engineers—1st Cheshire, 2nd Cheshire (Railway), and 1st Flintshire- I nf ambry—1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Cheshire Riegiment, 1st 2nd. and 3rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers, 1st, 2oo 3rd, 4t.h. and 5th South Wales Borderers, 1st, 2nd. and 3rd Welsh Regiment, 3rd Glamorgan Volunteer Rifle Corps, 1st and 2nd Shropshire. Light Infantry, and 1st Ilereord Volunteer Rifle Corps. This force ha,s to provide a divisional estab- lishment of tbree infaintry brigades, complete with artillery, engineers, cavalry, Arrn-y Ser- vice CorpSi, and medical eorvices, and there is, wo are ira ormed, ample material to do 60 with the oarryuiur out of verv few chances. T.:i> mere immediate changes will necessarily be fc .e conversion of the Volunteer Artillery into field batteries a.nd aananunitian columns, the Engineers into field unitsi, and some of the innanr.ry Volunteers into supply and transport 5?Clt.<ns an<p bearer companies. THREE INFANTRY BRIGADES. The ieifantry will comprise t, rea brigades, each cf four battaJaora a tiio-usand strong, and tor t;ln,is purpose we have thoB- Cheshire Brigade—Five battasions. North Wales Border Brigade—Five bat- talions. South Wales Border Brigade—Five bat- talions,, and the Wei-Xi Brl;gad-Four battalions- One cf these brigades will, dbubtlcss, net be required for tne WeLan Division as an infantry force, and at Least one battalion in each of the olnetr brigades will become absorbed into the establishments ot" tho four battalions required to comprise each brigade. This dees not neces- sarily niean the abolition of the company unnts, but simply a re-onganimation of the territorial areas of the battalions, wiiereby each battalion will oons.ist of ten coinpainses, enlisted within a definite ara, and comprising, as lar as pos- sible, the existing coinrpanies of the several bat- talions- NEW ARTILLERY REQUIREMENTS. So far as the artillery arm is concerned, eigh'tqen batteries of field artillery will have to be raised by conversion of the existing Royal Garrison Ai-ttillery Volunteers, in addition to thoso required iot coast defence, and it is pos- sible tha.t three of the regiments will be selec- ted, eaoh to raise a brigade division of held artillery, comprising six batteries, together with the necessary ammunition columne. If two brigadte divisions are decided upon, then double the number of batteries will be re- quired. The change to Md dirties will affect the es- tablishment of all the corps concerned, wihioh now comprise the number of comnanies shown against their names, viz-:—1st Cardigan (3), 1st Carnarvon (4), 1st Monmouthfehiro (b). and 1st Shropshire and Staffordshire (tf). The Cardigan and Carnarvon, if not allotted' to ccust defence duties, will probably be merged into one bri- gade organisation, which, together with a bri- gade amimunition column, yet to be raieed, would absorb tfie estabHflhme 111 at present ex-* isting in the two regiments. The 1st Monmoutfehiro would have to find its ammunition transpoit by increasing itf3 numbers, and the SaJoip and Stafford1 corps would probably drop two- of its companies, which would be converted into ammunition col- umns. Each off the field artillery brigadier will be attached to am infantry brigade nearest to its own enlistment area, so tihg/fc some arrangement like the following may happen: — WELSH TERRITORIAL DIVISION. 1st Brigade.—South Wales Bord'er Brigade. Art.1Iery Brigade Division.-l.st Monmouth- shire R.F.A. 2nd Brigade.-No,rth Wales Boirder Brigade- Artillery Brigade Division.—let Shropshire fl and Staffordshire RF-A. 3rd Brigatfe.—Ch.esai.re Brigade. Artillery Brigade Division.—1st Cardigan and lf?t Carnarvon (amalgamated) R.F.A- The creation of a field company of Engineers wiil create no difficulty. It is within the bounds of poesibilitv that the Wehah and South Walejs Border Brigades wi 1 be merglwt into one, since both organisations are recruited in South Wales- Such an ar- rangement wouJd provide for the formation by conversion of surplus infantry companies into Army Servico Corps units and Bearer Com- panies. which could be conveniently headquar- tered at Cardiff- Since more artillery are aJso likely to be wanted, some of the spare com- panies might be added' from the overplus in lantry. COAST DEFENCE. There are two important defences to consider in relation thereto in South. Wales, viz., Pem- broke Dock arud the Severn,, and if the new brigades are to bo detached for this particular duty from its division, then no question arises; but if, cm the other hand, the new territorial divisioro; are purely for field operations—apart from garrison duties—then provision will line to be made for the necessary infantry outside the divisional units- FIVE TRAINING BATTALIONS- The training of the infantry of the Territorial Forcio is to be carried out bv its own officers and non-commissioned officers, who are to re- oeive instruction eitlier by going through courses art tho headquarters of a training bat- talion or at a centre at which a section de- tached' ulrom the latter is quartered. So far as the Welsh Division is concerned, training battalions will to formed at Chester, Wrexham, Brecon, Cardiff, and Shrewsbury. The Militia staffs of the various regiments be- longing to these depots will be built into the training battalions. These organsatjoT16 will also train .recruits of the Special Contingent (Militia Infantry) for six months, and provide for giving them a. short annuial training afterwards- On mobilisation the,oIQ battalions will be at oneo brought to a war et.rengl.h off about 1000 officers and men by calling out. the prevent Militia, and by incor- porating the casuals of any of tlie battalions serving at home, and also their Reservists, TRAINING OF OFFICERS. Subject to exemption in proper cases, it is pxopowd to require Volunteer oflicers during their first year of service to carry out 40- recruit attendances with their own unit and one month attachment to or 100 attendances ait a depot or with a regular battalion. In subsequent years they are to carry out ten attendances with their unit and twenty attendances or one week's at- tachment to a training or regular battalion, and are also to attend the annual camp fcr a mini- mum of eight days or 31 maximum of fifteen days. In crcleir, however, to afford every facility to officers to perform the required training, it is proposed to allow general officers ooliim-anding Territorial Divisions full power to substitute training with a territorial unit for that with a training battalion when he may consider ne- cessary- Sergeants are as nearly ae possible to carry out the earne annual training as ofEcerf. RECRUITS. Tlhe rank a.nd file of the Territorial Divisions are to carry out 40 recruit attendances with their own unit during their first vear and ten in ♦(subsequent years, in addition to attendance at the annual camp for the same ^eriod1 as laid down for officers. In addition, a course of rnupketrv is to be fired annually by every re- cruit and trained soldier. ARTILLERY TRAINING. In the case of tho Field Artillery, which ij to bo brought into existence by the conversion of the Royal Garrison Artillery cadres, the training brigade is to act as a training centre. It is proposed to form training brigae'es in certain Territorial Divisional areas, and for the Weish Division field artillery training will be carred out at Newport, a.nd shell practice mostly at Trtawsfynydd, Merioneth. The force will generally be trained by its own officers and nion.-coimmE5sior-ed officers, but a proportion of these are to be at first trained by the training brigad'o, so as to fit theim for_ tiheir instructional d-utics. In all matters of training affecting the territorial artillery the divisional ariillery com- mander is to. be resiponsib-'e under tha general commanding the division- The staff of the
"Llandudno Directory." A NEW SERIAL STORY by that celebrated novelist JOSEPH HOCKING Will shortly be commenced in the Directory ENTITLED Rogeti Ttfecuinion." The Story is one of the best ever written by this well- known novelist and in book form has had an enormous sale. i he Publishers of the Directory have acquired the serial rights for this district and they feel sure that readers of the paper will appreciate the enterprise which has secured for them the privilege of reading such a thoroughly good tale at no cost to themselves.
CURIOUS INCIDENT ARISING OUT OF A MISAPPREHENSION. An incident which has bee.n magnified out of all proportion to its importance occurred at the University College of North Wales on Satur- day morning. In fact very few of the students participated in the affair, and those who did so w^ro acting under an erroneous impression, so tnau tne anair will most likely terminate witn an apology to one of the most respected of the Col- lege proiessors. it appears tnat Dr. Arnold was conducting a Laclll class in one of the rooms near the Com- mon Room, where a number of students had as- sembled and being agitated by the "Normal maten" which was to take place in the after- noon they wero rather more demonstrative than usml. The noiso they created disturbed the Latin class, wnich was composed of students of both sexes, and Dr. Arnold quietly asked them to desist, but his appeal not being responded to he sent them out ot the Common Room. Believing that their rights were being unsurped the students became very demonstrative, and the epidemic ex- tended to the Latin class, the male students of which, stamped their feet when, it should be added, Dr. Arnold had his face turned away from them. When, at the conclusion of the class, Dr. Arnold emerged from the room he was hooted by the students who lined the passage. THE STUDENTS' VIEW OF THE AFFAIR. The students were unanimous in declaring that the report of the affair in the daily press was exaggerated, and in some respects inaccurate. They state (says a Liverpool contemporary) that they did not run away when Dr. Arnold ap- peared. They had not read the reports of the Aberystwyth affair when this "incident' oc- curred, and they declare that wbe.n appealed to to be quiet they became quiet. They also deny that the lecture was broken up. They say that on Satuday morning (that being the day for the return football match with the Normal College) there was the usual football excitement amongst. the 200 or so students then in and about the Col- lege. Of these a dozen or so were in the Com- mon Room, and after a while some of them be- gan singing, and, absent-mindedly, in a while raised tneir voices a little too high. Some of tnem, however, called attention to this, remind- ing the others of the proximity of class-rooms, tnereat the singing died down to a mere bumming. Dr. Arnold, who was at the time en- gaged with his Latin class, had, however, heard the noise, and came to the Common Room, and ordered the students to leave. They did so, and Dr. Arnold locked the door. This closed the stu- dents' smoke-room as well, and they assembled in the entrance-hall, the library, and other places where smoking was more or less indulged in. Some of them eve.n entered Dr. Arnold's private room, and smoked there. Shortly after, Dr. Ar- nold had occasion to pass through the corridors, which were now thronged with students, and a call for "Three 'boos' for the Professor" was vigorously responded to. THE SORE POINT. The sore point is not Dr. Arnold s rebuke of the students' noisiness, but his exclusion of them from the common and smoke-rooms, especially as the students believed he had no power to do so. On this point, however, Mr W. J. Roberts, pre- sident of the Students' Representative Council, and of the men's Common Room, interviewed the Principal on Monday morning, and was in- formed that quite recently tho power to close the Common Room when necessary had been con- ferred upon the Dean of the Faculty of Arts (Dr. Arnold) and the Vice-Principal, in the absence of the Principal, said that it is now quite clear that Dr. Arnold acted within his rights in closing the Common Room. WOMEN STUDENTS' DISAPPROVAL. The women students of the College on Mon- day passed by a large majority the following resolutionThat we, the Women Students of the College, wish to express entire disapproval of the demonstration of feeling which took place on Saturday last, a.nd regret, for the reputation of the College, that any such incident should have occurred." This resolution was sent up to the Students' Representative Council for adoption, but the coun- cil a.donted a resolution not to condemn the action of the male students because that action was taken on the misapprehension that Dr. Arnold W8 exceeding his powers in closing the smoke- room.
Yachtsman (reco-unting his experiences): "I tell you we had a regular bad time..Once we ran out of port in a gale of wind Sceptical friend (interrupting): "Oh, I say, and what did you drink then, sherry Yawning is a wholesome exercise, since it stretches the tendons of the head, send the blood to the jaws, and sharpens the appetite and in- tellect. It is also a cheap remedy accessible to young and old, and rich aud poor.
LLYSFAEN PARISH CHURCH. ENGLISH SERVICES. MORNING, 11-15 a.m. I beats Free 18428
Births, Marriages, and Deaths. DEATHS. McEWEN.—On Nuvember 21st. at Pen Rallt, Abergele, Margaret t:mma, reiict ul William McEwen, M.D., late of iti, Nicholas 6treet, Chester, and daughter of Charles Cuiveicy, Esq., late ol Brook l'ark, Nor- th op, i'lints. HILL. At Cliii Cottage, Cliff HiJI, Gorleston-on-Sea, of pneumonia, after a short illnees, Sister Ellen, C.S.N., daughter of the late Hev. John Edward Hill, formerly Vicar of Welshpool, and llonuurd- cum-Shrawardine, Shropshire, grand-daughrer of Colonel Hill, 23rd Royal Welsh Fusiliers, C.B., of Hood, Totnes, Devon. HAT.-Nuvember 2Jid, at Gwern-y-mynvdd, Mold, in his 83rd year, David Hay, of 40, OarBtairs Ituad, Liverpool. OWEN.-Noveml)-er 21st, suddenly, at Liverpool, in his 32nd year, John Henry, the beloved youngest son of Mr and Mrs Owen, 2.)2, High Street, 13aiigur. (Xo flowers, by request). HARKER.—-November 25th. suddenly, at .cc eon's residence, Borrow dale, Rhyl," in her 82nd year, Louisa, widow of the late Adam Harker, of Liverpool and New Brighton. FUNERALS BY Established 1867.
D. Allen & Sons, 4c„ su 'hi'ko^d, Colwyn Bay. Telephone 9187 Telegrams: Aliens, Undertakers, Colwyn Bay I Funerals Completely Furnished by J. DlC.N a SONS, rAlïUN hOAD, COLWYM BAY TELEPHONE 0176. ..riime—Dicken, Undertaker, Colwyn Bh_, i
THE ANGLESEY HARRIERS. will meet on Saturday, November iUih Trogaian Grose iStag ufrerrioo-n). Monday, December 2nd Pengariijeiog- Wea^iieesday, December 4th Gwyudy. Saturday, DeoenuOier 7th Round Tables THE FLINT AND DENBIGH HOUNDS will meet Saturday, Nov. 30th Upper Lodge, Gianywem 11 &.111. SIR W. W. WYNN'S HOUNDS. Saturday, November 30tb Malpaa Monday, December Zrid Grediugtou. Tuesday, JL>ecom>ber brd Golxnven. Friday. December 6t.h ^xidersey. Saturday, December 7th Pree6 Heaun.
English and Welsh Markets. CATTLE. WREXHAM, Monday.—There was a good all-round supply of stock at to-day's market, and it met a steady demand. Store stock sold fairly well, while pigs met a ready sale. Veal wag scarce and dear, tteef made from 6!d to 7!d per lb. mutton 7d to bd veal Sd and pigs from ba 9d to 10e per score lbs. LI\ KitFOvyL, M jiiuay.—Tiie bupply ol cattie was considerably larger than last week. Demand good, but pnees unchanged. A large decrease in the number of sheep un olier. Notwithstanding this trade was slow, and to effect a clearance a snado easier prices were accepted. (Quotations lieef Gtd to 4id; mill ton 9d to (ild per lb. At market: 1, i cattle and 4,li6 sht;ep. The Christmas market will be held on Decem- ber 16th. SALFORD, Tiiesday.-Ratiier larger supplies of fat cattle, which met a fair trade at about last week's prices. A few choice Herefurds and Irish shorthorn lieiiers made (ijd per lb. Welsh and Irish bullocka 5id to 6d; cows and bulls bid to 6d; and rough wrts 4 to 5d. A full market of sheep, trade fair, and prices steady. Light Scotch cheviots and cross- breds made 9;d to id; heavy Sid to 9d cheviot ewes 7d to 7j<i Light Irish Bid to tkl heavy 8d to bid ewes 6d to 6fd per lb. vea.1 calves Sid to Sd per ib. Cattle finished fair; sheep slow. 2,419 cattle, and 8,384 sheep were exposed. BIRMINGHAM, Tuesdvy.-Yery few beasts on offer, and trade inactive. Quotations Best Herefords 6Jd; shorthorns 6d to 6Jd; bulls and cows 4d to 5d; wether sheep Sid to Eld ewes and ranis B.Id to 6fd per lb. Large supply of pigs, but business qufet. Prices: Bacon pigs 9s porkets 9s 6d to 10s; sows 7a per score. BUTTEB. CORK, Tuesday.—Average supply unchanged prices active demand. Firsts 93s seconds 89s thirds 85s; fourths 74s; superfine 99s; fine mild 89s. Fresh A. 102s; ditto B, 90s. WOOL. BRADFORD, Monday.—The market is steady in tone, but, pending the opening of the Loudon sales, busi- ness is quiet; cross. bred forties are quoted at Is 34, merino sixties 2s 4d. English wools, mohair, and alpaca are quiet. The export yarn market is without feature. Merchants have as much on hand as they care to take at present. In mohairs particulars are coming freely. The piece trade is unchanged. FEEDING STUFFS Molassine Meal, Ld 5s per ton. BUTTER. MEAT. EGGS, Etc. BANGOR, Friday.-Fre&li butter, Is 2d per lb.; eggs, 6 for Is; Irish, Danish, and Canadian butters. Is to Is 4d per lb.; beef, 7d to lUd; mutton, bd to lOd; lamb, bd to lOd; veal, 7d to lOd; poirk, 8d to lOd; ham, 7d to lOd; bacon. 7d to 9d; fat pigs, 3d to 3id; potatoee, for Is; carrots, Id; turnips, Id; parsnips, Id; cabbages, Id to 3d each; cauliflowers, 2d to 4d; ceieiv, 3d per stick; lettuce, Id each; leeks, Id a bunch; cucumbers, 6d to 9d each; English grapes, 2s to 3s per lib.; foreign ditto, 4d to' 8d; tomatoes, 6d to 16; app.es, 2d to 6d; pears, 3d to 6d; chickens, 3r.. 6d to 4s per ooupie; fowle, Is 9d each; ducklings. 2s 9d to 3s; hares, 2s to 3s; rabbits, 6d to 9d; pigeons, Is 4d per brace; pheasaints, 4s 6d; partridges, 4s; wild ducks. 2s 3d; turkeys, Is per ib.; turbot, Is 2d; haliibut, 9d each; lerncn soles, 9d per ib.; pl&ioe, 4r3 to 6d; whiting, 4d to 6d; dabs, 4d; gurnetB, 3d; hake, 3d to 4d; skate. 3d; ood, 3d to 6d; haddocks, 5d; white bait, 6d per pint; shrimps, 5d. LLANGEFNI. Thursday.—Butter, Is Id per lb. eggs, 8 for Is; beef, 6d to 8d per lb. mutton, 7d to 9d; lamb, lOd; veal, 7d to 8d; pork, 5d to 8d; fat pge, 3.J to 3d; porkets, 10s to 14a each; fow.b. Is 3d to Is 9d; ducks, 2s to 2s 3d; potatoes, 7s to 9s per sack; black cxats, 17s 6d to 189 per quarter; white do., 19s to 19s 6d. PWLLHELI, Wedne.sday.-Frer,h butter, Is per it oorkets, 10.5 to 14s; iat pigs, 3d to 3 5-8thd per ib.; eggs, 118 per 120; ducks, 3s 6d to 4s per couple; gfn:se, 6bd to 7d per lb.; potatoes, 4s to 4s 5d per 112!bs bsef, 6d to 9d per lb. mutton, 7c to 10ci per lb. chickens, 2s 1CId to 3s 6d ptr couple; fowls, 23 per couple LLANRWST, Tuesday.—Butter Is Id to Is 2d per lb. eggs 7 for Is fowls 08 to 4s per couple; docks -4s 6d to 5s 6d per eouple; potatoes 3s 9d to 4s per cwt. pigs 18s to 22s each.
Judge: "What is the verdict. of the jury?" Foreman of the Jury: "Your honour, the jury are all of one mind-temporarily insane Benedict: "That luminous paint is a splendid invention." Singleton: "What do you uee it fod" Benedick: "We paint the baby's face so as we can give him a drink in the Light without lighting the gas." Railway Manager: "Now, look here, that map that you have prepared won't do. Go a-nd do it over again. You must how our lines going straight from London to Edinburgh, and all the opposition lines going as crooked 8fi ifou can make em." I
training brigade is to co-operate to the full, but is not to assume direct co-ntrol or responsi- bility for oominand or training. WORK FOR THE NON-COMS. Non-cottiunissioiied officers are to be made thoroughly capable of imparting instruction, and' the training of gun-layers and range takers is to be continued throughout the year. Arrangements for the instruction of drivers in equitation are to be made by hiring 1Jonooes, a grant of funds for this purpose being placed at the disposal of the Territorial Brigade. CAMP AND RECRUIT ATTENDANCES- In addition to the annual camp it is proposed that the rank and filo during- their first --ear shcuJd carry out 40 recruit attendances, and in .fcujbfequent yeans twenty attendances. Tno annual camp, which will be held eitlier at Traws ynydd or Salisbury Plain-until other gun ranges are made avail,able-Is to afford an opportunity for completing the individ'ual training of all ranks. COAST DEFENCE ARTILLERY. Those unit", of the Divisional Artillety which are to be allotted to land-front d-a ence are to be placed periodically under the commander of the coast defences to whieh tirey are allotted, for t.he purpose of being especially trained in too ctuties wiiicb they wid be required to under- take on the outbreak «f war, as they will have little or no opportunity of nerfecting themselves in th^ise duties a.ter the beginning cf hostili- ties. SUGGESTED WELSH MOUNTAIN BATTERY- In regard to the Artillery changes fore- shadowed in the foregoing, it ie ouite possible that tho Cardigan and Carnarvon Artillery will be converted into a mountain battery. In, or in close proximty to, each county there is ad- mirable manoeuvring ground for t,he proper training of mountain ariilOery. It is not gene- rally known that the Monmouthshire Volunteer Artillery a,re already a corps of Field Artil- lery. One of the curiosities of the Army List is that they are Ftyied Roval Garrison Artillery, whereas in truth they a.re Royal Field Artil- lery- In the oase of this well-known corps, which will form the nucleus of trie Artillery brigade for tho Sou till Wales Border Brigade of the Welb-h Division, the work of conversion will not, thera"cre,, be so great, although it wiU be necessary to find ammunition transport. We understand that new quick-firing ^uns are pro- mised for the Artillery brigades, and inasmuch as these brigades are to be a great feature in the training of the "reservoir of trained* Artil- lerymen," it is most important that the guns should be of an up-to-date pattern.