TUESDAY'S PROCEEDINGS. THE ARCHDRUID ATTRACTS THE CROWD. Although the attendance at the Exhi- bition was large on Monday, it was eclipsed to-day. Perhaps the fame of Madame Clara Novello Davies's Welsh Ohoir, who were to sing in the evening, was partly responsible for this. Perhaps, the strange poster affixed to the prosaic walls of the Mansion House, which had attracted th6 attention of passers by the previous day with its gorgeous colouring, showing a Welsh maid in all the oharm of mountainous setting. with the inevifable blood red dragon had stirred the curiosity of the crowd, so that they could not resist the second day's pro- ceedings. At all events, there was a larger attendance, and those who were in time for the opening ceremony were not dis- appointed. For there was the Archdruid Dyfed, resplendent in his robe of white, with gilt breast plate, and a wreath of coloured oak leaves on his head. 'Die in- itiated knew the oostum e to be the con- ventional archdruidical dress, designed by Professor Her Komer, but to the vulgar it was a. spectacle: and right well the Arch- druid acquitted himself. He was shortly introduced by Sir David Evans, who said politics had no place in the Mansion House. This was one element of safety by which the office of Lord Mayor was surrounded. But he might say that the Archdruid was one of the staunchest of Jones' (Laughter)—in this way, that follow- ing in the footsteps of so many predeoes- sora, he was determined that the rights and privileges of his anoient possessions should be maintained (hear, hear). He might say that the office of Arohdruid was older than that of the Lord Ma.yor, but for centuries there had been Lord Mayors and Arohdruids, and the desire of each had been to maintain his office in all its in- tegrity. He asked the Arohdruid to declare the Exhibition and sale open. THE ARCHDRTIID then spoke in Welsh, and at the end of his remarks, said: I must now try to say a word or two in English. I am sure that I express the feeling of all present, when I say how much we regret the inevitable absence of the Lord Mayor (hear, hear). Personally, I feel it would have been far more fitting had he opened this exhibition to-day. Nothing could ex- ceed his deep sympathy with everything Welsh and with Wales, the land of his fathers. I feel sure that nothing but the responsible duties of his office would ha/e prevented the Lord Mayor from being JJM- on this most interesting occasion., Much praise is due to the Welsh Indust- ries Association for the excellent work it has engaged in, and we unite in the that its endeavours will be crowned ivith the success it deserves. The object, as I understand it, is to develop tLç" industry of the country along artistic lines. In no country can this be done to better aiv.ir- e than in Wales (hear, nea"i. things are necessary for the work—re- sources, the raw material, and artistic ideas with which to develope it. As to the natural resources, Wales has an abunda-noe. i r I would like to say that were it not for the uaturaJ resources of the Welsh mountains there would be a aeaalock in the commer- cial world. The mountains are rich in metals. Gold has not been extracted, it is true, but that is due to the restrictions which make working the mines impossible; and it is to be hoped that these restriction* soon ba reicovad. The Welsh nation is an artistio nation. I am afraid this is only theoretically true, but the artistic character needs developing, and already signs are not wanting that the work is being taken up. The pioneer work is being nobly done by the Welsh Association. The same spirit is manifest in other spheres, in our national colleges, for in- stance. We look forward hopefully to the future when the world shall say our moun- tains yield something other than ferns and heather, and our elmrm.ing valleys may be put to better use than flooding as reser- roirs for our large cities (laughter). I have great pleasure in declaring the exhibition open (oheers). THE HON. ALICE DOUGLAS-PEN- NANT, who was dressed in old rose-colour- ed velvet, trimmed with pink flowers, and a black toque, said she had pleasure in proposing a hearty vote of thanks to the Archdruid. They were all very pleased, she said, to See him so picturesquely ar- rayed. It was quite delightful nowadays that all parts of Wales were happilv united '1 in working together for the good of Wales (cheers). LADY NEWBOROUGH seconded, and the vote, being put by Sir David Evans, was carried with acclamation.
ASYLUM ACCOMMODA- TION IN NORTH WALES. THE QUESTION OF A NEW INSTITUTION. CARNARVONSHIRE'S ATTITUDE. INTERESTING DISCUSSION AT DENBIGH. (From Our R&porter). The quarterly meeting of the visitors to the North Walofl Counties Lunatic Asylum at Den. bigh was held in that town on Monday, the mombers of the committee present being:For Flintshire, the Chairman (Mr P. P. Pennant) Messrs W. Elwy Williams, and William Daviee; Denbighshire, Dr. David Lloyd, Messrs D. S. Davies, A. O. Evans, Thomas Williams, J. A. Chadwick, and John Roberts; Carnarvonshire Messrs J. Jones Morris, J. R. Hughes, T. W. Griffith, Maurice Jones, and Dr. J. M. Morgan; Merionethshire, Dr. Roger Hughes; Anglesey, Mr Harry Clegg; and for the subscribers, Mescit P. E. Story, William Parry, and E. A. Foulkes with the Clerk (Mr Barker) and the Medicai Superintendent (Mr LI. Cox). THE PATIENTS. It was announced that the number of patients on the books that day was 872, out of which 853 were in the asylum itself, the remainder being boarded out. As compared with the correspond ing day of last year, there had been an increase of 20 patients. BALANCES. The balances on the various accounts were stated to be as follows:—Maintenance, £3803; enlargement, £3860; water supply, £82; the "Four Hundred" account, £212; excess account. £2740. SHOULD THE PRESENT ASYLUM BE FURTHER EXTENDED. CARNARVONSHIRE'S THREAT. The next business on the agenda was to re- ceive resolutions from the five County Councils in union on the question of providing future accommodation for patients, and aJso a report by the sub-committee appointed to deal with the same. Most of the County Councils did not express any definite opinion, but the following resolution passed by the Carnarvon County Coun- cil gave rist1 to a. very interesting, and, at times, heated discuesion:—"That this Council's repre sentatives on the Committee of Visitors of Den bigh Asylum be urged to press home upon the committee the imperative need for taking im- mediate steps with a view to o?ta.biishmg L separate asylum in the western portion of the district, so as to provide accommodation in readiness for the time when tho present asylum wiU become too small, and that the Committer of Visitors be asked to give this county thei, candid and definite assurance as to whether intend acting upon tho recommendation of the conference held at the asylum on the 4th day 0; September. 1905." Mr J. R. Hughes said he should like to knov., out of courtesy to the small and poor counts of Carnarvon—(laughter)—whether there was arn reply to be given that day as to the information asked for by that county. Supplementing the above question by M Hughes, Mr J. Jones Morris pointed out that at th( conference in September, 1905, the representative: o" Carnarvon were given to understand that ii had been practically agreed that no furthe buildings would be put up at Denbigh. The report of the conference had been sent to each County Council, whose replies were now before the meeting but the Carnarvon County Council. the other day felt that the matter' was not being dea)t with seriously, and that the question of providing further accommodation was beim: put off until the time when something could b' done at Denbigh, and to leave no time to pro- vide accommodation elsewhere. Now, however. the Carnarvon representatives on the Committee of Visitors were authorised to ask for a definite pledge that no further buildings would be nut up at Denbigh (applause). There were on the books of the asylum that day 872 patients, and when the two new blocks now in course of erection were completed, there would be accom- modation for 917. That meant a margin of 4t only, and in all probability the accommodation required for this number would be taken up in two years' time; in other words, further a;rem modation would then have to be provided. The question therefore arose—how was this to oc provided? True, the committee had gone verv carefully into the question of the administrative capabilities of the asylum, and were OC opin;or that something might be done with a cxtr<i expense to provide accommodation for a few more patients. But tho point was this—whether it would be worth while to spend anytlurif- further in regard to the administrative capabilities of the asylum in order to nrovidc further accommodation for 50 or more patie»i-=. Carnarvon had already decided that it would be unwise to spend more money on the Denbigh Asylum either on the administrative or on the lodging accommodation for lunatics (hear, hear). They felt that the time had now arrived when the Committee of Visitors should be asked to state definitely that they did not intend to spend more money than what was absolutely required to complete the new blocks now in course of erection (applause). CHAIRMAN'S REVIEW OF THE POSITION. The Chairman thought it would be easy enough for individual members of the committee to give the pledge asked for by Carnarvon, but as a collective body they could not do so (hear, hear). As a matter of fact, they did not know what the complexion of the committee would be a'ter the County Council's elections in March next (hear, hear, and laughter). Speaking as an individual, however, he felt inclined to say that the bulk of the County Councils were agreed on one point, viz.. that they had almost reached the extreme point in regard to the size of the asylum at Denbigh (applaoiee). The buildings, when completed, would contain accommodation for 917 patients, and with improved machinery and appliances, this number could be extended to about a thousand; but when they reached a 1000 or thereabouts, they would, in his opinion, have as many lunatics as it was desirable to assemble in one spot (hear, hear). They might here and there find a medical superintendent of such ability as to be able to adapt his super- vision to a larger number tha.n a. thousand patients, but to look after a 1000 lunatics would be as much as the average superintendent could be reasonably expected to do. The medical superintendent ought to be able to look after all that went on in the asylum, more especially the mental condition of the patients; but if they made the asylum too large it would be impossible for him to pay sufficient attention to what was his primary duty (hear, hear). He (the chair- man) would singly object to any extension of the buildings at Denbigh, if their administra- tive capabilities were unequal to provide for more than a thousand patients (applause). How- ever, it was impossible for the committee to give any pledge on the question, because their "lives," he supposed, would come to an end in March, when the County Council's elections took place (laughter). Therefore, they must not befool I Carnarvonshire by pretending to pledge themselves to do a thing whioh in April might be upset and over ruled (hear, hear). THE CASE FOR CARNARVONSHIRE. Mr J. R. Hughes said he quite agreed with the chairman that the committee were not in a position to pledge their successors; indeed, with the exception of the Carnarvon representatives, they were not in a position to pledge their Councils in the matter. The County Council of Carnarvon had considered the matter very thoroughly, and had come to a definito under- standing as to what they intended to do. They were told eighteen months ago that the other Councils would consider the matter, but what did they find? In Merionethshire, one number got up and defied his Council, and the Council, naturally or otherwise, did not pass anything (laughter). Denbighshire had dealt with the ma.tter by referring 1t to the Finance Committee, but that committee, as yet, had had no time to consider it. He wished the visitors to con- sider what the real position of affairs was. If it took them as king to decide on the erection of a new asylum as they did to enlarge the old, it would be very long indeed before such an Institution would be an accomplished fact —— The Chairman: Wo ha.ve now more experience in these things, Mr Hughee, than we had then (hear, hear). Mr Hughes: And my experience of the ex- tension of Denbigh Asylum is that we do not become much better in these matters (laughter). Mr A. 0. Evans: I quite endorse that, Mr Chairman (renewed laughter). Continuing', Mr J. R Hughes said the mem- bers of the Committee of Visitors were almoot ike t.he patients—tho longer they remained with the asylum the lorgtr wanted to etay (loud laughter). If they lesolved to put up' an asylum in the western division of the union, it would take some time to decide upon the locality, and then they would have to find the requisite land. Plans would then have to be prepared, a.nd the committee would want tive years to consider them (laughter). So that in any caso eight or ten years would elapse before any further accommodation could be provided. At tho present rate of increase in population, and the eonseqjont increase of im>an>ty, the present asylum would bo pretty well iiiied be- fore tho new blocks in course of erection were completed. So far, they had not received ex- pert id\ ice 4) ropinion as to whether the ad- ministrative port on of the asylum was suffi- cient to meet the requirements of the institu- tion when, complete; and in fairness to Carnar- vonshire. it would be well to oall in an expert to aidv.ee on this particular point (hear, hear). It was the bounden duty of the committee to decide the quest. ion at anoe, otherwise they would be m the lurch a.s regards the important matter of provision for lunatics (hear, hear). Carnarvonshire wanted a definite final reply. They had tried all along not to go to litigation over the matter, but if litigation were the result the burden would rest on the shoulders of the other counties, a-nd not Carnarvonshire (hear, hear). Mr D. S. Davies said he fully agreed with the Chairman's remarks. There could be no doubt that tho moot economical thing to do would be to utiliso the capabilities of the ad- ministrative part of the asylum to their utmost, so as to eater for the greatest number of patients (hear, hoar). Carnarvonshire was, no doubt, looking ahead, and he sympathised with that county—(hear, heai)—but he could not help thinking that they hEd, or would have, accom- modation for tho next ten or twelve years. The above statement was received with loud protests by <he Carnarvonshire representatives, who contend <1 that the accommodation would be exhausted in a very short period ol time — probably two years. Continuing, Mr Davies adhered to his state- ment :ud went on to say that the management of one thousand lunatics was quift sufficient for one body to undertake, and when the number at Dcmbigh roached that figure, he would eup- port the establishment of a. separate asylum (hear, hear). On that point he was quite n accord with the Chairman, but first of all he would want to sec the administrative capabili- ties of the present institution ub li&cd to the full so as to meet the needs of as many patients 1M possible ;hea.r, hea.r). That would be much the most economical thing to do. Mr T. W. Griffith, I think Carnarvon cxpect that some definite decision be arrived at today. It has be-or. admitted by each of the gentleman who have spoken today that the Lime is not far distant when further accommo- dation nut be provided either in Denbigh or clsewhero. In fact, the matter is ripe for con- sideration, and I thiiik that we should deal with the matter a.t once (hea.r, hear). The question seems to be the building of a new asylum some- where Oil the borders of Carnarvonshire and An- glesey. or extending the asylum at Dcnbign. Population, and consequently insanity, are the increase in North Wales, and I think that an expression of opinion should go to the Car narvon County Council that this committee is dealing in earnest with the matter (hea-r. hear). Mr Chadwick pomted out that in 1905 the committee were of opinion that there would be 8ufficicnt. aeeommodation in the present asylum for fiv 3 years. There was consequently no im- mediate hurry, and Carnarvonshire ought to be satisfied with an assurance that the subject was under consideration. Mr J. R. Hughes: In any case this committee 'vas of opinion in July, 1905, that all the avail- able accommodation in the present asylum would J.y.J CX:lltlL"t2<i in five years. Sinco then, however, nothing has been done. THE VOICE OF ANGLESEY. Mr Clegg agreed with tho Chairman's views. Almost an the County Councils ■aesned to know whthcr the admim"trat.vo poruoai of the asylum was capable to de-al witn more patients. ibey required this information before makmg up their minds as to the provil3.on of turUicr liceomniodatio 1 for lunatics in any part of the district (Juti hear), He was qujta sure in his own mind that Anglesey would not go in 'or iurthcr extension ot the asylum at lJoobigh- diear, hear)—but first of all they wanted 10 Know d"i.nileiy haw long it would tate toO absorb v'^e accommodation now being provided, Cainarlonsjiue ought to be oatkfied with the assurance that the committee had not shelved tho matter, but ratbeo* were giving it very t-erious alitorr.on lappiause). He had no hesita- tion in saying that a new asylum woulo eycn. tually have to be provided, that whether it wat 10 be 1/1 the union or a separate instJltutJOn wat; quite another question. WIL.. THE UNION BE DISSOLVED? Mr J. R. Hughes said one remark of Mr D. G Davies reierred to the very impoitant i|U<-stk;ii of dissolving the Ulllon. It was indeed a matter oi very great importance to C'arn&r*- vonshire, because it it was to be so, then Car narvonshire preferred to dissolve at once rather than spend any more money in Denbigh, therefore, it should be decided, in ca;-c aView asylum were to be put up, whether that msD tution should be in, the union or not (hear, hear). "We have in Carnarvon," continued Mr Hughes, very shrewd chairman of our Finance Co;nm.ttee, and before he is going to spend the money of the county ho will want to know on what grounds they goung to be spent (hear, hear). It is; therefore, a question of whether the union is to be dissolved or not. The Chairman: That question will depend very much on tilie prico Carnarvonshire will want for its share of accommodation in the pre- sent asylum If jou in Carnarvon have this very shrewd chairman of Finance Committee, I am afraid we shall have to remain in union, oe- cause he may object to the price we can offer hoar, end laughter) However, as he ;6 SO clever, a 11<1 Crrnaa-vonshire is w earnest "n having an a.sylum in their own county, then perhaps wc may come to some arrangements. But it is obv-ous to the other counties what Carnarvon will want for their share in asylum. Mr W ElIVY YVilliams said he feit sorry for Carnarvon. lie represented a very important county, and one that always paid its way (laugh- ter). The question of spending money was pure- ly and simply one for the County Council, and tho Committee of Visitors could not be ex rect xl to pledge themselves in a matter of < xpenditurc unauthorised by the oouncils (hear, hear). The County Councils must have an ex plantation.and before they could give any autho- rity to mor-c-y on the building of a new t'Sylun many old faces that were familiar in that room would pobably disappear before that time (hear, hea.r. and loud laughter). Proceed- ing, Mr Williams said 1h, whole question was one of dissolution or of remaining in the umon, end when that grand chairman of the Carnar- von Finance Committer came to Denbtgh to see the tsylum for himeelf, no doubt the other County Councils wouid have to pay dearly CO" Carnarvon's share (hear, hear, and laughter) But the question first of all would have to be decidcd with the County Councils, and tho oommittee therefore could give no pledge in the matter. Mr Maurice Jones aid that the matter of dis- solution was not new to Carnarvon, becauee they had been talking about it for the last twelve years. It had aEo been before the Committee of Visitors, so often that they ought to ha.ve submitted it to the County Council9 for their opinion. A special meeting held at Rhyl some time ago favoured the idea of building a new asylum in the western portion of the district, when the accommodation at Denbigh became ex- hausted. The difference between the number of patients now on the books a.nd the number which the asylum would accommodate when com pleted was only 45, and in two years' time, according to the present increase of insanity, these 45 lunatics would be forthcoming. The matter should, therefore, be immediately con- sidered. In Carnarvon, they looked at the question from a. financial aspect, &nd in this connection they ought not to forget he fact that the present asylum was situated at one extreme end of the district, and patients had to be taken to it from a point 20 miles away from the ra.il- way terminus a.t Pwllheli. Those patiente were often visited by relatives to whom *he expense was very considerable. Let the committee look a.t the matter from a humane ooint of view (hear, hear). Carnarvonshire wa.nted a.n amicable settlement. Mr Story said he rather agreed with cno con- tention of Mr J. R. Hughes, viz., as to the de- sirability of having the opfriion of the architect as to the capabilities of the administrative portion of the asylum. He moved that the arohitect be requested to give an opinion by the next meeting. Mr J. R Hughes seconded. Mr Jones Morris: To what extent ÍE. the asylum overcrowded now ? The Clerk: By 87. Mr Jones Morris thought they all a^raed that the administrative portion of the asylum were more than sufficient to accommodate 917 patients,
KIRBY & NICHOLSON, Ltd., 6, ST. ANN'S SQUARE, M A. N CHEST ER. Costumiers, Milliners, Furriers, SPECIAL. SHOW OF NOVELTIES AT THE HOTEL METROPOLE, COLWYN BAY, On Tuesday & Wednesday next, Oct. 23rd & 24th. KIRBY & NICHOLSON, LTD.
FOUR POINTS IN VIEW. When a man's joints begin to stiffen he has acquired one of four toiefchods of looking at his fellows with indifference, with in- diguation, with laughter, or with charity. The point of indifferenoe is the worst, be- cause one sees only himself, for the mist of selfishness that lies thereabout. The point of indignation is high enough to shew other men, but darkly. on tha.t hill the observer suffers in a bitter wind, and he is benumbed into the idleness of mere words. The hill of laughter is the best earthly coign of vantage, but it is altogether earthly in wlhat it shows. From it one sees further than from the hill of indignation, but myopically. The mountain of charitj is said to a wonder- ful vision, but so few ascend it that the re- port is almost not convincing.
Colwyn Bay Lad's £ a End. THE "HALE MYSTERY" EXPLA INED. In our last issue we briefly referred 00 the sad bereavement of Mr E^enry Gold- smith, of Rlios-on-Sea, consequent upon a fatal accident which befel his son Leonard, at Bowdon College. Certain newspaper reports have indirect- ly conveyed the impression that the lad committed suicide, and, with a view to dispelling this idea, we are glad to publish the following letter, inserted in the" Al- tnncha-m Advertiser, "1 rom Mr W. M. Smith, who had not only educated, but inti- mately known Master Goldsmith for sixteen years:— Sir,-You will, I ieel sure, grant. me the opportunity afforded by your oolumns of bringing before the notice of your readers in a simple manner, the circumstances of time and place, surrounding the acoident (to Leonard Goldsmith, which proved fatal, and thereby became involved in mysterv. It is an example of one of the thousand risks, great and small to which human existence is exposed, issuing with a sudden- ness and finality truly horrifying to con- template. Having viewed every detail of the scene, and made most careful enquiry as to exact time, etc., I find, as to place: — 1. that in a room used as a workshop, with two doors (both of which were wide open at the time) is the boiler ajid stoke ho.e forming part of the heating a-^aratus of the house. From the boiler a strong iron pipe ascends perpendicularly to within s;; inchea of the ceiling and then beuds at a ri-ht angle and runs across the room parallel with the ceiling. The iron pipe forms a firra support which would bear a -reat weight. 2. Some empty boxes on the left are piled up against the wall with their fronts paral- lel to t,he above nipe. On the right hand, as the boy was found, there is nJ supj>ort for hands or foot. 3. Undoi-iiaeth the parts of the pipe is the stoke hole of the furnace, against the up- nght rvipe is a platform, wiiich is only 6tt. 2m below the hoizontal part of the pipe. Further from the upright pipe is the stokq hole, 4ft. Sin. below the fleer level. 4. Over the iron pipe wa^s toulId suspend- ed a piece of throe quarter inch rubber garden hose. It was supported b" a pieca of quite ordinary string, exactly three thirty seconds of an inch in thickness. The arrangement looks like a small bow with. slackened string. To anyone acquainted with e'ectric apparatus it suggests at once an insulator. The rubber tube is 19 inches, and tlie string 3G inches long, the knot was above the pitie. There is no noose or sliD knot. 6. It was pointed out to me that ixsonard Goldsmith's left boot had come in contact with one of the projecting hinges of one of the empty boxes, the lid of which gives about half an inch support, and the hinge another three-eights. I found that the rust had recently been violently rubbed off. Tha slip mark on the sole of the koot starts witn a well defined imprint of some hard substance and then travelled to the edge of the sole. 6. On an open chest in front was placed the boy's ordinary screw driver, and I at hand, also in front, a pamphlet showing amateurs how to make simple electric appa- ratus. As to time:— 1. Leonard Goldsmith had been heard doing something with his tools at 12.10 p.m. 2. The family returned from Church about 12.30 p.m. NOAV how could the unfortunate bov have met with the mischanoe under these cir- cumstances ? Having placed my left foot upon the box. and raised myself, by means of the iron pipe, with my hands I tried the experiment of -inz the string, and found that a slip was almost inevitable- If I raised mv heed to get a view of what m* fingers Avere-doing, it was above the bow of the rubber tube. I put the rubber loop against the top of my neck, and up and behind both ears. It tightened with a most astonishing grip. and I found upon supporting a part of my weight, that my voice was quite inaudible and my hands useless. It was onl" bv re- moA'ing my weight from the rubber loop that I could reJease myself. Had I fallen, 60 as to be oaueht by the rubber loop. owing to the suspension of the weitrht of mv body, I should have been as helpless as if my neck were in the hands of an expert Ju Jitsu Japanese. Further expert medical evidence is una- nimous upon the point of instant and total unconsciousness, with loss of voice and poAver, otherwise the h-- would have boo-n rescued by the five persons who were Avithio a few yards of where he was. Now this is verv largely constructive, but I think it is well worth thinking out as affording an example of one of the thou- sand risks we all know ourselves exposed to with the chance all against our suffering damage.
WALES IN LONDON. "W ELS H IndcistFies Exhibition AT THE MANSION HOUSE. PICTURESQUE GATHERINGS. [FROM OUR LONDON REPRESENTATIVE.] Pioneer Office, 74. Fleet Street, Monday. The Egyptian Hall of the Mansion House, the scene of so many historic pageants, was this afternoon thrown open to London, an an occasion romantic enough, even if it kfcked some of the pageantry that attends the customary ceremonials at that house of oivic state. It was the opening of the Exhibition of Welsh Industries, the bringing of the work ;ff tho Welsh peasants to the Metropolis, here wealthy folk were to become pur- chasers of the industries of the poorer people of the Principality, and by their patronage were to bring hope into the homes of the rustic dwellers in Cymru, possibly a meed of good cheer; at any rate, a. reward for humble toil in homespuns, wood and Petals, pottery, paintings, and other works of art. For this is the object of the Welsh Indus- tries Association. In accomplishing its ahl1 of bringing the worker's industry to the door of the purchaser, the Association sets up a high standard of finish, encourages Artistic colours and designs j in a word, edu- cates the worker as to what sort of articles are saleable. In these ways the efforts of the Association were very manifest to-day; for whereas formerly the stalls, on which shown the counties' industries, were l&den with pile upon pile of woollen rolls, and nothing much else, to-day there were ehown innumerable artistic and pretty things,—beautifully designed candlesticks and platters in beaten copper, odd looking knives and rings in quarried stone, nume- rous and chaste pottery devices, pictures, and what not. y In a word, this year's Exhibition at the "Mansion House is far more up-to-date than previously held, even than the last Ex- hibition in the spring of this year at Lady Baylor Levland's house in Hyde Park. The holding of the Exhibition at this Period of the year is due to an invitation >!r0ln the Lord Mayor, Sir Walter Vaughan "organ, to the Association to visit the Man- House. It is the first time that the Inhibition and Sale have ever been hold «re. The Lord Mayor himself is, unfor- nately, away in Paris, and the duties of fhel house fell upon his niece, the Lady loress, Mrs Hornby-Steer. The occasion further graced by the presence during le afternoon of H.H. Princess Louise ugllsta of Schleswig-Holstein, patroness of e Anglesey branch of the Association, who gave an added charm to the occasion, and si i,a worthy example in purchasing at the •Jails. Egyptian Hall, which, this afternoon, turned into a busy mart of industry and Corntneroe, js, it might be recalled, the spaci- 11S chamber of the Mansion House where 3 big; mayoral banquets and entertain- e are given. In this chamber, to-day's *nibitors found plenty of room for the did- r,ay of their goods. On the platform Miss ^nnie Mason introduced harmony by j '^coursing sweet airs on the harp, and r> the Cymric London Ladies' Choir of ¡,tigers gave a taste of Welsh choral sing- J). SOME OF THE DRESSES. n the weather was that of a perfect autum- j al afternoon, and the hall was filled with a ^^ionable tiuong. The Lady Mayoress in cream chene silk, trimmed with lace Indian embroidery; Lady Eva Wynd- Quin wore a smoke-coloured gown y Llangatteck appeared in pale green loth; Mrs Richard Helme, the honorary secretary, in black an 1 white homespun, a I ack and white toque, and white lace. The jO.mpany also included the Hon. Gladys |ce, Mrs Godfrey CLarke, in brown; Arch- ,l'nid Dvfed, Miss Irene Brent on, grand- daughter of Sir John Puleston; Major- 11-eral Lee, and Mr Vincent Evans. fhe Hon. Alice Douglas-Pennant (Carnar- i011 stall) was in pale grey, with a white a^; the Hon. Mrs Henry Mostyn in brown, M Tuscan hat; the Misses Vaughan Mor- in Welsh national costumes; Miss Main- faring (Denbigh stall) in brown silk and a *r?Wn hat, with white and brown feathers; I t i«s Reckitt in mauve silk and a brown hat Miss Jones-Parry (Cardigan staH) olack velvet, with lapels embroidered in J £ °la and whitÆ; Miss Patchett (Merioneth 'all; in mulberry-coloured cloth and a pink àt; Mrs Wynn, Peniarth, in black lace and black toque; Lady Magdalen Williams- i ulkeley (Anglesey) in a pink coat and black at; Lady Verney in grey; Mrs Fox-Pitt in jfrey velvet; Miss Neave in brown: Miss An- ,°nia Williams in cashmere, with Indian em- ,r°idery; and Miss Hardwicke (Cardigan all), who was wearing a Welsh poplin dress ()\>er a hundred years old. "here were numerous ladies in Welsh cos- Ufties at the stalls, thus adding picturesque- to the scene. THE STALLS. PRAISE FOR ANGLESEY. As hinted above, the stalls presented a js.°re artistic appearance than is usual. The Ja*n°rgan stall was noticeable for its show Ewenny pottery, the Carmarthen stall for J* fine display or cloths and its Llanelly Pottery. fiut, the most effective of all the stalls, ^•'hapsj was that of the Anglesey branch, v^ose aim at improving the textile fabrics of ^ales by providing the makers with good Patterns seemed to-day to be accomplished. ere were baskets made by the blind in- mates of the school at Holyhead, baskets Amlwch, rush baskets from New- Orough, of the pattern from which they rvav« been made ever Bince the days of Elizabeth; and baskets from Aber- j/aw; knitted articles from the Holyhead fitting industry and the LLandegfan knit- school, metal work by the Holyhead acksmiths, done not by any organisation syndicate or manufactory, be it remem- ^red, but by individual workers, in the>r time. Proudly displayed were the rought iron hinges, which won the first tl at the Liverpool Exhibition. There shawls, rugs, blankets, old Anglesey 4i linsey aprons, while on a stand was the silver cross which was won by ttlgJesey for the best collection of flannels, at the Home Arts and Industries Ex- J 1110n, at the Albert Hall, in May of last 1". This is a worthy token of excellence, j),1" the competition was an open one for ^ngland, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. wl^er interesting feature was the wooden j of tihe old Welsh spinning wheel remind- of the statement of tne branch that ih mills and hand looms are included in f scope of the Association, and thie,*it is will do something towards preventing People from crowding to the towns; as Wn as ^os^er Welsh national pat- <k an<* fabrics! many of which have been out of late years." Golf coats— and men's—were shown, and the %0rar7 secretary explained that the nad had the honour of supplying the h 11 with one of these garments. An- i, very up-to-date article shown for sale fc Vth.* ^"itted bridge purse. Embroideries ft 01 Miss Elliott and Miss Lewis, at tne Holyhead school; and home-made sweets, chocolates, peppermint; creams, made at Holyhead, suffice to mdicate the varied nature of the Anglesey exhibits. A series of photographs of the factories—the homes of the peasantry generally—showed how humble is the origin of the industries ex- hibited. At the rear of the stall stood what might bo described as the masterpiece of the collection-a magnificently carved settee in oak, with carved dragon and Welsh harp complete. Hidden partly by the brooms and baskets, and giving place to the more showy-beaten copper candlesticks and plat- ters and knitting work in front, it almost escaped observation. It is the work of 1\11 Robert Jones, of Penygroes. CARNARVONSHIRE. Over the Carnarvon stall there presided the Hon. Alice Douglas-Pennant, ably assisted by Mrs Owen Roberts, in pale blue, and the hon. secretary, Miss May Jenkins, of Penmaenmawr, who wore a Welsh cos- tume. Two weavers, Mr John Jones, Brynkir, and Mr William Williams, Trefriw, w&ie also in attendance. Here, again, all the work — homespun tweeds, flannels, shawls, and so forth—was every bit hand done. Matwork, of which there was abundance, was the effort of blind people, who had worked in their own homes at Criccieth, Beddgelert, and other places. The slate quarries had been pressed into the service to provide rings and paper knives, made of slate and white granite. There were numerous samples of crewel work from the Carnarvon art needle- work class. The Carrickmacross bertha, which won the first prize at the National Eisteddfod, in 1906, at Carnarvon, the work of Miss Gwen Jones. Carnarvon, attracted much attention; also, a Russian apron, worked in cross stitch, by Miss Williams, of Waen Wen. Another piece of old crewel work, in French design, was worked by Miss Minnie Ross, Bangor. All these ladies are members of the Carnarvon art needlework class. One man, whose work in stone was exhibited, was a postman at Colwyn Bay another was a carver ÎJ1 Bangor. An artist in Llandudno exhibited pictures, and pretty point lace work done by girls round about Bangor was shown. A large collection of Welsh dolls and a fine array of baskets was another feature of the stall. DENBIGHSHIRE. At the Denbighshire stall, Messrs Hughes and Sons, of Pontystrad Mills, were the chief exhibitors. Their exhibition included Mafeking wool curtains, so-called because designed on the day of the delivery of Mafeking, lotus portieres (large door cur- tains), and an abundance of gentlemen's tweeds and ladies' materials, with which the firm has won many prizes at Liverpool and at the Albert Hall. The lotus curtain, in particular, won the gold cross at the Albert Hall Exhibition for the best sample of weav- ing in the kingdom. The feature of their exhibit was the improvement in the shades of the cloths and materials displaced, con- sisting to-day largely of mauves, pale greens, and black and white checks. A carved oak cradle, a reproduction of Chippendale screens, and a cabinet of inlaid oak, showed that skilful fingers are not wanting in Den- bighshire. These articles exquisitely joined and finished are the work, it was said, of Mr Edward Jones, Denbigh. Silk poplins, as supplied to the Princess of Wales, were amongst the wilderness of other good things exhibited, and from the character of the ex- hibits one does not wonder at the assertion that the firm has won 62 prizes at Liverpool, Cardiff, Llanelly, Swansea, and London for their materials and designs. MERIONETH. The Merioneth stall, of which the presi- dent is Mrs Wynn, of Peniarth, Towyn, and the honorary secretary Miss Patchett, AUt Fawr, Barmouth, differed from the Denbigh stall in that ail the work exhibited had been done by the small weavers and women in little villages. A large part of the exhibits had been fashioned on small hand looms. The modus operandi is that the weaving done by the small weavers in the summer time is made up into various articles by women workers in the winter time. A fine diversity of woodwork articles, which was on show, came, it was said, from the district between Bala, Llangollen, and DolgelJey. A beautifully designed and executed poker- work cabinet contained an extensive variety of shells—no less than 132 varieties—col- lected from Cardigan Bay by Miss Jenkyn Davies, of Llanfair Rectory. A prodigious- ly strong pair of fishing boots were said to have been made by a Mr Hughes, of Dol- gelley, every operation from the tanning of the leather having been executed by him. A beautifully carved oaken dumb-waiter was perhaps the finest sample of skilled work on the stall, but there were other indications of clever workmanship in the form of inlaid chess and draught boards, a collapsible book- case and photo frames, folding tables, and hat racks. Some pretty sideboard covers were shown, and oil-paintings done by Mr W. Humphreys, of Dolgelley. It was at this stall that our representative was in- formed what special care had been taken to make the home workers in Wales understand that novelties were wanted, and not bales of wool. It had been pointed out in Merion- eth, our representative was told, that a bundle of wool was useless to a West End purchaser. The wool must be made up into some article, ornamental or useful, or both. One of the ladies at this stall said that woollen stuffs were their chief industry, and the branch of the Association in the county had consistently had before it the object of keeping the county weavers so diligently at work that they would have no desire to go into the towns. One Merionethshire weaver, she said, had done so well that he had been able to buy a piece of land. As in the case of some of the other counties so here: dress- ing gowns, men's golf capes, and other articles are made up during winter months from materials bought from the weavers in the summer. In evidence, the lady produced from the stock on the stall a beautifully woven light grey golf cape, fit for royalty, "This," she said, "was made just as 1 tell you, by poor women, from materials spun by the weavers." NO FLINT EXHIBIT. There was no Flint exhibit, but the usual number of stalls was preserved by the addi- tion of a London stall, provided by the Lon- don branch. This was situated at one end of the chamber, under a large silk banner, worked by Miss Mabel Griffiths, of Swansea, on which appeared a blood-red dragon, over the scroll, "Cymru am Byth," guarding on one side, a couple of leeks in green, and on the other side a Welsh harp in yellow. It was a charming design, beautifully worked, and constituted a piece of heraldry as effect- ive as one could wish to see. The stall, which contained numerous samples of indus- try, was provided by the London depot in Lower Grosvenor-plaoe. For the stall WeTsh people in London and district had worked. Of the other stalls generally Glamorgan was distinguished for pottery and art needlework; Brecon for homesnun; Car- rnarthen for flannels, oak furniture, and pottery Monmout.h for Welsh dolls. It is interesting to note that Carmarthen pottery is made almost exclusively for export to the East, and visitors to the have been known more than once to bring back samples of Carmarthen pottery, picked up there as great curiosities. THE OPENING CEREMONY. The Exhibition was opened at one o'clock, when the Lady Mayoress Has escorted on to tlie dais "by Alderman Sir David Evans, a farmer lord mayor. SIR DAVID EVANS, after a few words in. Welsh, said in English:— Ladies and gentlemen,—In the few words I have ventured to address to you in Welsh, I have sufficiently indicated the object and desire of this meeting to-day. I have told you in plain, simple language that our ob- ject here is to further an industry ip which we believe. I have informed you that it is fifteen long yea re—long in the history of all individual but very short in the history of a.n institution—since I had the extreme pleasure and honour of occupying the position of Chief Magistrate of the greatest city in the world. To-day I am called upon to represent the Lord Mayor, who to his re- gret, in one sense, is unable to be present. There are twenty-six aldermen of the city, and with the exception of the Lord Mayor and myself, there is no other Welsh alder- man. So the Lord Mayor was exceedingly anxious that I should represent him, how- ever inadequately, on this occasion, to ex- press to you,our oountry women and country men from Wales, his appreciation of the great compliment you paid him in the manner in which you received him quite recently during his visit to Wales. Many years ago Wales accorded to me the same sympathy, cordiality, and welcome. Equally with myself the present Lord Mavor ap- preciated the honour, and to him as to my- self it will for ever be an important memory. Fifteen years ago there did not exist a Welsh Industries Association such as we have in being to-day. Had there been one, I have no Hesitation in saying it would have found a place in the Egyptian Hall of the Mansion House, just as it finds a place here to-day. The Lord Mayor, a. Welshman, one of ourselves, shows a large hoartodness and sympathy with everything that affects the Principality and tho inter- ests of Wales (hear, hear). To-day vou are gathered together in the centre of the City of London, after eight years of successful labour in furthering Welsh industries in every direction, seeking to do good, and seeking to the utmost of your power to give employment to Welsh hands. After a per- usal of the Association's last report, I ajn in a position to say that your efforts have not been in vain. £25,000 has been dis- tributed in good and useful work. Weare at the beginning of a movement which I some future Welsh alderman, some future Welsh lord mayor, will be able to refer to as to having distributed hundreds of thousands of pounds. That is a big order, but surely it is not too much to expect if we continue with the enterprise, and con- tinue to give such a useful society as thifL our cordial and earnest support. It is too much to expect that we should reach to the dimensions to which I have referred. You have, as a society, been successful both in London and the Provinces. Do not let it be said that the meeting held for the first time in the Egyptian Hall of the Mansion House of London passed unrecord- ed, as not having given the best results hitherto attained. I am sure you are not gathered here to-day out of mere curiosity or pure sentiment. We are collected here with a desire to Ilp forward the move- ment. There are two features in connection with the meeting here to-day that must ap- peal to us— <that of business and that of sentiment. By putting your hands in your pockets you may be sure that when you buy you will secure good value (hear, hear). If it be sentiment, then you have at hand within your reach the means of benefiting WaJes, and you can oarry to your hemes articles on which you can gaze with love and affection for many a long hour. I have ranged through the report most carefully, and it covers the entire ground of the Principality. There is no oounty, so far as I can see, unrepresented. We have the as- surance and the security of the names of the president and the members of the com- mittee that this work is earnest a.nd hon- est. The names are a guarantee for that. We, who are not on the committee, and aro not presidents, let our desire be to make of this year's Exhibition a record, and give the Lady Mayoress the opportunity, when the Lord Mayor returns from Paris to- wards the close of the week, and enquiras,as he undoubtedly will—"What about the Weilsh Industries Exhibition ?" that she may be able to tell him with a faoe more than ever smiling-liMy Lord Mayor, the Exhibition is over; it was a record success." The Lady Mayoress will now declare the Ex- hibition open. THE LADY MAYORESS: I have great pleasure in opening tihis Exhibition and sale of Welsh industries. The Lord Mayor regrets he is unable to be present, but thanks his worthy representative Alder- man Sir David Evans. who has come to his place. I hope that this Exhibition will meet with evory possible success, and will promote results which the association has in view. LADY EVA WYNDHAM QUIN then moved a vote of thanks to the Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress, in which sJie said: I wish to express our deep gratitude to the Lord Mayor and Lady Mayoress for their invitation to us to the Egyptian Hall to- day. I have no fear that Exhibition and sale will be a great success. I move a hearty vote of thanks to the Lord Mayor for his invitation, and to the Lady Mayoress for her opening the Exhibition. LADY LLAttGATTOCK seconded the resolution. SIR DAVID EVANS in putting the vote said: It gives me the greatest pleasure to say that the Lord Mayor and the Lady Mayoress have won the hearts of everyone, and I a.m sure this Exhibition cannot but be a success in this historic hall (cheers). The resolution was then carried. Replying to a vote of thanks nassed to himself, SIR DAVID EVANS said he was proud of being a Welshman, and he would go down to his grave with that pride un- dented (laughter and cheers). The ceremony was concluded by the pres- entation to the Lady Mayoress of a bouquet by Miss Irene Brenton. THE PRINCESS'S ARRIVAL. Hardly ever has the interior of the Mansion House been the auditorium of such strange, unwonted, and yet beautiful sounds as were wafted upwards bv Miss Gwennie Mason's harp, as Her Highness Princess Louise Augusta, of Schleswig- Holstein, /dressed in mauve, entered the hall in the company of the Lady Mayoress, with the Misses VaughJh Morgan, as maids of honour. The Cymric London Ladies Choir, in Welsh costume, from the platform, sang "God save the King." and "Land of my Fathers," in true Welsh fervour, and then without further oeremony business at the stalls proceeded. 74, FLEET STREET, TUESDAY.
THE ABSENCE OF MOTIVE. And now we will view the alternative other than accidental. We find an entire absence of any motive, disposition, temperament, or inclination to self-dest ruction. On the other hand, the keen fresh interest of young life prevaded everything, event to the minutest detail. He had been at the 10 rv early mnrning Communion service—quite normal and happy, also at the breakfast table, in the garden, and in the kitchen of the house,a short time before the occurrence The details of the next week's work les- sons, and the very dinners which he was to carry with him to work, had been arranged by him. A neighbour, whose son was the most in- timate friend of Leonard. Mr H. Ord- Mackenzie, himself an engineer, has, I think, thrown some light on the mystery, which must interest your readers. He dwells upon the thinness of the string, when strong rope or metal wire was available, and upon the absence of any slip-knot or noose, and he points out the obviousness of ex- periment. He also adds the circumstances of the loop bein~ suspended over the shal- low part 6ft. 2in. in height, so nearly cor- responding to the bo">s own height, when there was a olear drop of 4ft. 8in within a few feet, and the fact that rubber garden hose was used. Then the chances of miscalculation of dis- tance, and the terrible effects of a sudden grip in those delicate and critical parts are pointed out. In. fact, I do not hesitate to say that any common sense persons who visited the spot, and saw for himself what the friends of the family have seen, would wonder why the Coroner's enquiry should have resulted in anything but a plain verdict, recording that misadventure had caused the calamity. Tlie Avord "mystery" is, no doubt, cor- rectly used in this sad affair, but is is the mvr.tery of accident pure and simple, and once can confidently hope that the public interest, which is quite natural, will ter- minate in the same sympathetic feeling aa urged scores of friends to tender. promptly and unmistakedlv, their condolence with the bereaved family.—Yours very triil-, W. H. SMITH. Bowdon College, October llth, 1906.
but he did not think it would be a wke policy, as suggested by Mr D. S Davies, to utiliee these capabilities to the very utmost ex- tent. The time had arrived, in his opinion, when the committee should consider what future pro- vision should be made for pauper lunatics in North Wales (hear, hea.r). The new blocks now in course of erection at Denbigh would only accommodate about 40 patients, and something should therefore be done without delay (hear, hear). Mr T. W. Griffith then moved that the com- mitteo place on record its opinion that the time had arrived when it should take into serious consideration the necessity of providing mo accommodation, either at Denbigh or by build- ing a separate aevlum in Carnarvonshire. The Chairman' thought that the whole dis- cussion so far had been very sympathetic to Car- narvonshire but the committee was a. moribund body at present, and could hardly give the definite pledge asked for. Mr D. S. Davies supported Mr Story s motion. Mr A. 0. Evans thought the question of the capabilities of the administrative portion of the asylum was not one upon which the architect was the proper person to report. The officials of the asylum iteelf, or of some other similar institution, could form a much more accurate conclusion en that point. In his opinion, Carnar- vonshire ought to be satisfied with the sym- pathetic references made to them Mr J. R. Hughes: We don't want sympathy, sir. 81 Mr Evans argued that Carnarvonshire's desire was to coerce the Committee of Visitors to pass a resolution they were not in a position that day to do. Mr Jones Morris: If the architect is to re- port at all. I think it would be as well if he reported as to the probable cost of enlarging the lodging accommodation here up to 1000 patients (hear. hear). We would then know exactly where we shall be. Mr Clegg argued that the officers of the asylum could give them more correct information as to the capabilities of the administrative portion than an architect, but there was certainly some reason in asking an aichitect's opiniou as to the possibility of increasing the lodging accommoda- tion from 917 to a thousand (hear hear). The committee then divided on Mr Story's motion, which was lost by a majority of nine votes of six. Mr J. R. Hughes :Then shall I be in order in reporting to my County Council that T-his committee has refused to ask an architect to report on the administrative capacity of the asvlum? The Chairman: Yes. quite so. STRONG PROTEST BY CARNARVONSHIRE REPRESENTATIVES. Difccussion then took place on the following recommendation passed by the sub-coniniittee:- "On the whole question, the coramitteo are of opinion that, with the expressed reservation as to engines, boilers, etc., the administrative acc jnimodation could, with an additional sup- ply of appliances, and with the requisite augmentation of staff, but without material structural alterations, be made to provide for a larger number, within limits, than 917 patiente, the number for which provision will have been made when subsisting contracts have been completed." Mr Jones Morris: Who is to say what the number "within limits" is to be? lhat will be the first question ked by any person that will see this report. Mr J. R. Hughes: When the resolution was passed, 1 distinctly asked the clerk to make a note on the minutes that I refused to vote for it. Mr Jones Morris: And I reduced to vote for it as well. After further discussion, Mr Jones Morrie said the committee was simply dilly-dallying with the whole thing. Mr J. R. BugiW: And I give you notice that vou won t get a penny more from Carnarvon- shire towa*rds the expense. Mr A. O. Evans: yo ou will have to pay, sir (hear, hear). Mr Hughes: We won't; that is certain. Mr Evans: But we know what to do with vou. Mr D. S. Davies: If the officers of the in- stitution can give us the information we desire, we should ask them. Mr A. O. Evans: But it is not fair to ask the officers that until the new blocks arc com- pleted. Mr Clegg then moved, and Mr Chadwick seconded, that all assurance be given to Car- narvonshire that the matter was receiving, and would continue t. receive, the sonous considera- tion of the committee. Mr Joneis McrrM: Even if that motion is earned it will mean considerable delay 111 the provision of accommodation for lUllaUCIi. the probability « that the new blocks now being erected won't be completed witinn the stipulated time, and I don t mink the consequent delay will oe juit to Carnarvonshire (hear, near). 1 He arguments adduced so far are no answer to Car- narvon. Chairman again 6tateu that it would be ueeiecd for a moribund committee to attempt to answer the great question of whether a new asylum should be bunt #ei«ewhere. Let it be allowed to stand over until next April, when the new County Councils would have been elected. Mr Jones Morris: Accommodation ior lunatics will have to be provided whether there are County Council elections in Marcli or not. It is time to consider the master without any further delay. Mr A. O. Evans: If the Carnarvon representa- tives are not prepared to accept Mr Clegg's motion I am prepared to propose another, viz., that when the b.ocks now being erected are completed wc get the opinion o. an architect on the administrative capacity of the asylum. We will then be in a position to reply to Car- narvonshire. Mr Jones Morris (warAlv): That is merely tritling with the matter, and that has been the policy of this committee all along. 'l'jjt'y have tnrown every obstaclo in the way of giving a deiinite answer, but 1 say now that it is 110 use trifling with Carnarvon (hear, hear). We will provide a Bill to dissolve the Union unless we get a satisfactory answer. It is quite evident by the tone of this discussion that we are being trifled with. The Chairman: You threaten to get an Act of Parliament to carry out what the committee almost without exception are willing and anxious to do (hear, hear). Mr Jones Morris: They might be willing to do it two or three years hence. The Chairman: NVe are not going to rush into the expenditure of money before the pro per time. 1 am sure that we sympathise with Carnarvon in the matter, and if they are willing to accept our assurances in a reasonable spirit, the matter will be settled amicably (hear, hearj. Mr Jones Morris: And I say that the answers given to-day are not in a reasonable spirit. Until there is any definiteness I am sure it will be useless to approach our County Council in the matter. The motion of Mr Clegg was then put, and carried by ten votes to five. Other matters of minor importance were then dealt with.