TOWYN. FISHING.—The foot netters had a grand time of it last wpek in the broad estuary of the river. One afternoon they took no less than 270 grey mullet. Each tish averaged over one pound in weight. A large quantity of flatfish is often taken. The salmon nets in the river Dystynni are not -idte- ami sometimes the drawers of them are well rewarded for their labour. FLOWERS I DESOLATE PLACE" —Many a hard battle has been fough: over the question of improv- ing the Pill road TO the Dyayunirver. One of its most redoubtible champions from the begin- ning to the present day has been Mr Samuel Edmunds and it is very pleasing to find that he is already being rewarded to a certain extent. One day last week he found crowing on the side cf this broad roadway some very choice wild flowers and also some strong healthy plants of vegetable marrow and tomatoes. Mr Edmunds, who is a proficient gardener, took up these plants with care and transferred them to his garden. VOLUNTEERS.—The Volunteers, who had been camping out at Porthcawl for a week or so, returned on Saturday, June 22nd. at about nine p.m. They entered the town with their band preceding them. The silver cup which they had won at the tug-of-war was borne to the t'lwn nv a bugler. The inhnbitarts turned out to welcome tnem. It is very pleasing to record that the Towyn Company stood second to none for discipline, smartness, and good behaviour. This is highly creditable to Captain Kirkby, the other officen. and to the rank and file. TOWYN AND PENNAL SCHOOL BOARD (Special Meeting), TUESDAY, JCLY 25TH.— Present Rev J. 0. Thomas, chairman Rev R. Jones, vice-chairman Rev J. Rowlands, Rev R. Davie", Mr H. Evans, and Mr P. H. Hughes, clerk. Accommodation.—The suggestion made by H.M. Inspector that the classroom accommodation be in- creased at Towyu and Aberdovey was referred to a committee consisting of all the members of the Board. Pant Perthog.—The question of providing a school at this place (which the Education Depart- ment thinks necessary) was deferred for considera- tion till some future time. PujiV Teachers' Salary.—It was decided that the salaries of those apprenticed for three years be for the first year £12, for the second £1;5, for the third £18 Those apprenticed for two years for the first year, fl4 for the second year, £16 and those for one year, £15. Those who are apprenticed for three years take second year's papers at the start. Those apprenticed for two years take third year's papers at the start. Those apprenticed for one year only take fourth year's papers at the start. The Managers were directed to do any small repairs required at the school during the summer holidays. Regular Attendance.—It was decided to award medals to those children who have attended school for three years, and the following members were appointed a committee to deal with the matter :— The Chairman, RevR. Davies, and Mr E. L. Row- lands. Resignation oj the Chairman.—The Rev J. 0. Thomas, chairman of the Board having accepted a call from the Presbyterian Chuich at Menai Bridge, tendered his resignation to the Board.— The Rev J. Rowlands, vicar of Aberdovey. said he felt sure all the other members received the news with unfeigned regret. He proposed that a most hearty vote of thanks be accorded to Mr Thomas for the way in which he had conducted the business of the Board during his chairmanship.—The Rev R. Davies seconded the motion and every member en- dorsed it individually and collectively.—The Rev J. 0, Thomas responded and thanked the members one and all for their courtesy and assistance during his chairmanship, and said that he would always take the liveliest interest in the doingsof the Towyn and Pennal School Board.—Letters of regret at the resignation and appreciation of services rendered were read from Mr E. Rowlands, Pencal, and the Managers of the Aberdovey School.
CORWKX BOARD OF GUARDIANS, FRIDAY, JULY 21sT.1 Present Dr Jones, chairman; Messrs E. Divies, Bettws G.G. Tohn Lloyd, Corwen W. E. Williams, Llangar Rev Ivan T. Davies, Llandrillo Messrs Dd. Jones, Cerrigydruidion Samuel Davies, LlansanttFraid G.C.: William Ellis and John Roberts, Llangollen Rural; J. Nanson, Miss Edith Barker, Mrs Richards, and Mrs Roberts, Llangollen Urban: Colonel Lynes, Messrs H. Herbert and Simon Jones, Liangwn Richard Hughes, Llantvsilio Evan Morris, Llanarmon D.C. Thomas Hughes, clerk: E. Derbyshire and E. Foulkes, relieving officer R. Williams, master. Statistics. —Out-relief administered during the past fort- night. Corwen district, per Mr F Derbyshire, (is tjd to "224 paupers corresponding fortnight last year, 17" to ±27 paupers. Llangollen district, per Mr E. Foulkes, £54 s to 221 paupers corresponding fortnight last year, £ 54 is to 2.7 paupers. Number of inmates iri the House during the past week, 4* corresponding week last year, 51. Number of vagrants relieved during the past fort- night. 23 as compared with If; for the corresponding period last year. —A letter was read from Mr J. Williams, Tre- rynant. regretting he could not attend this meeting. Tot* ■>'nU,*ix (Phthisical) Disease.—A communication was read from the Clerk to the St. Saviour's Union, Surrey, calling attention to the large numher of cases of tuiierculosis (phthisical) disease which tind their way into establishments under the care of poor law guardians and urging the petitioning of the Local Government Board to make an exhaustive inquiry into the causes and treat- ment uf the same.—It was resolved, upon the motion of the Rev Ivan T. Davies, seconded by 31 r J. Nanson, that the application be supported. Court A""n.Attentiol1 was called to a new I order issued defining the county court districts in England and Wales and a copy of the order was placcd on the table. Ltjck Wni tl resolution passed hy the Guardians of Medway l Ulon was adopted That it i desirable in all cases where pe: ons of either sex; become inmates of workhouse as ock w-ird patients that they be detained until in the opinion of the medical officer they are fit to be discharged and that the Local Government Board be memorialised to obtain the neces- sary powers to enable thrs to be done." H"li<iays.—The application of 3Ir E. Derbyshire, relieving officer, Corwen, for a fortnight's holidays was grantEod suhjeet to his finding a substitute to do the work during his absnc(>
DR WILLIAMS S ENDOWED SCHOOL, DOLGELLEY. R-UION OF SCIIOLARS. INTERESTING SPEECHES. On Tuesday anfl \Yeclnes(1ay a re-union of past scholars and teachers of Dr Williams's Endowed School at Doigelley was Cftehrated in becoming manner, the occasiop marking the twenty-first year of the school's existence and increasing success and progress. The school was opened in the year 1S73 under a scheme settled by the Endowed Schools Commis- sioners for the purpose of dealing with an endowment bequeathed in 1711 by the Rev Dr Williams with the object, among other things, of founding a library in London and of aiding education in Wales. Dr Daniel Williams, the founder of the trust, was an eminent Nonconformist minister belonging to the Presbyterian Church. He exercised his ministry for many years in the city of Dublin, but spent the last twenty-five years of his life in London. By birth and education, however, he was a Welshman—a man of high character and of broad and liberal principles. He was born at the close of the reign of Charles I. in the town of Wrexham, where he spent his child- hood and early manhood. He lived through the reigns of Charles II., James II., William and Mary, and Queen Ann, a period of English history unparalleled for religious and political excitement and contention, the outcome of which was the es- tablishment of the elementary principles of liberty of speech and religious equality. Dr Williams had attained the full age of manhood when the reaction- ary government of Charles I. passed the Act of Uniformity which compelled about 2,000 beneficed clergy of the Church of England to give up their parsonages and turn out with their wives and children into the road. They became practically the founders of Presbyterians to which Richard Baxter, Matthew Henry, and Daniel Williams be- longed. The last mentioned, inspired by broad and liberal principles, founded the charity in the desire to promote education, morality, religion, and the general good of humanity. Dr Williams died in 1715, having a few years previous made a, will devoting a large portion of his property to the education of the chiidren of Wales as well as to the efltablishmentof a school in England. Tne school, which opened in 1878 with thirty- one pupils,has now 100 pupils in spite of tne fact that county schools open to girls have been established at Barmouth, Toyn, and other parts of the county of Merioneth in common with North Wales. The fees were at first fixed at f3, then advanced to £-1, and ultimately to f5 and the boarding fees from The school at present gives twelve scholarships to Dolgelley district every year and two exhibitions to colleges. Roughly speaking, Bome 1,000 girls have received the benefits of the school during the past twenty-one years, a large proportion of whom are of Welsh birth or parent- age. The technical and useful art of cooking has been taught in the school since its commencement. The bllildhg, large and commodious as it was at the beginning, had soon to be enlarged. This was done at a cost of £1,094. Further additions had to be made in 1898 when £2,000 were spent. In 1894 a further sum of £400 was spent on the structure £2,000 in 1896, and in 1899 that modern essential, a bicycle house, was added. Miss Armstrong was succeeded in the headmis- tress-ship by Miss Fewings who did a great deal to establish the school ajd give it character before her departure for Australia to undertake similar work. JVIiss Fewings was succeeded by Miss Thompson who left on marriage and was succeeded by the nresent headmistress, Miss Diana Thomas,who is a native of Llanelly, a B.A. of the London Uoiver- qirv being first in first-class honours in classics and Fno'luh With her are associated Miss Anstey, Mils Jones (daughter of Mr Edwin Jones formerly the Towyn High School), Miss Titley, Miss Wag- HMta TOA Hughes, Mto Walters, TRAM and Mr W. M. Griffith, Mus. Bac. The re-union proper began on Tuesday morning the 25th, when past pupils of the school made their way to Doigelley from all parts of Wales. The list of guests was of a purely educational and official character and included the principals and members of the staffs of the university and theo- myl Mary Pughe, Bontddu Jane Jones. Dol gelley Annie Evans, Barmouth Mrs J. Williams, Corwen E. Davies Prys, Llanuwohllyn; Mary Jones, Aberdovey I MES Treyor Owen, Carnarvon ilitly Hughes, Harmouth; A. Browley, iFlexton, Manchester Maggie Williams, Abersoch Amy Thomas, Carnarvon Mrs J. Owen, Claudia Hughes, Ada Hughes, and Mrs A. Jones, Dolgelley; Maggie A. Williams, Blaeriau Festiniog May Evans, Aberystwyth Mrs Llewelyn Jones, Carnarvon; J. Williams, Carnarvon Maud Jones, Llangollen Dora Griffiths, Aberystwyth Jennie Parry, Doigelley Maggie Edwarcls, Barmouth Annie Jones, Carnarvon Bertha Jones, Wrexham; M aggie Owen, Pwllheli .Jane Ethel Davies, Bar- mouth Kate Jones, Doigelley, and sister Lillie dudno Ellen Owen, Talsaroau G. Clarke, Cheam, Surrey Polly Jones, Barmouth Maggie Mary Jones, Carnarvon M. Thomas, Festiniog Katie and Polly Jones, Doigelley Lizzie Griffith, Pen- morfa Verna Davies, Doigelley Gwennie and Lloydie Williams, Doigelley Mary Maud Roberts, Bishop Stortford; Daisy Shaw, Bala; Margaret Owen, Penrhyndeudraeth M. E. Jones. Bala; Anna Roberts, Wharton-street; Lily Morgan, Herne Hdl; Xeilie Williams, Laura-place, Abn'ystwyth Mary Pierce, Taliesin May Roberts, Gwen Davies, and Bessie Ffoulkes, Doigelley Olive Punshon, Faicfielcl; Gay Jones, Criccieth Evelyn Ffoulkes, Llangollen Rachel Thomas, Llanarth Annie Hughes, Doigelley Margaret Davies, Traws-' fynydd; Elhn Edwards, Llanarmon Myfanwy Williams, Dolbenmaen Katie Pritchard, Garth- logical colleges of Wales the trustees of Dr Wil- liams's Charity the past governors of the school, including Sir Henry and Lady Robertson, Palt5 the Rev E. T. Watts, Mr and Mrs J. E. Greaves, M s Griffith, Gtyn; Mrs Beale, Edgbaston; and Mr and Mrs Darbishire; past members of the school staff, including Miss Armstrong, Miss Fewings, Mrs Grant (Miss Thompson), Miss Rutter, Miss Doubleday, and Miss Knowles the County Governing Body the LcccLI Governing Body of Doigelley County School members of Doi- gelley School Board the heads of secondary schools in Wales the heads of elementary schools in Wales che WTelsh members of Parliament the officials of the University of Wales the Lord Lieutenant of Merioneth (Mr Wynne of Peniarth) and the High Sheriff (Mr Richards, Caerynwch) and the following past pupils:- Misses Ruth and Fannie Gretton, Derby Annie Ffoulkes, Tregaron Katie Lewis, Portmadoc; Jennie Griffiths, Mold Minerva Roberts, Corwen Mrs Williams, Police Station, Barmouth Misses Maud Pritchard, Carnarvon Eva Hemmings, Backby, Leicester; Winnie Edwards, Aberystwyth M. C. Evans, Porkington-terrace, Barmouth M. Jones, Caerffynon, Doigelley Jeannie Pritchard, Carnarvon Sarah J. Jones, Colwyn Bay Mrs Williams, Llanberis Misses M. E. Davies, Carnar- von Dolly Richards, Barmouth J. Allcock, Llan Rowlands, Llangollen Florrie Rowlands, Llan- gollen Mary Jones, Ruabon Nellie Pughe, Dol. gelley M. J. Williams, Barmouth Maggie Williams, Pentremawr, Dyffryn; M. Lorton Williams, Abersoch A. Morgan, Carno L. Lloyd, Machynlleth A. G. WTill ams, Borth Mia Williams, Carnarvon Lily Joues, Nantlle Vale C. Ffoulkes, Birkenhead M. C. Roberts, Llanel idan A. Evaus, Harlech Mabel Pugh, Brithdh Eunice Griffith and A Griffith, Llwyngwril Jennie Davies, Llanbedr Pollie Morgan, Eccleston- square, London; Elaine Powell, Aberystwyth Annie Davies, Aberdare Mary Jane Jones, Bala C. Thomas, Talsarnau A. Jones, Rhos, Ruabon Gwennia Humphreys, Festiniog; E. J. Roberts, Festiniog; M. H. Davies, Corris W. Williams, Llwyngwril M H. Thomas, Carnarvon; — Williams, Ruthin; May Roberts, Carnarvon; Blodwen Williams, Doigelley; Ellen Griffith, Barmouth M. Brodie, Doigelley Nellie Williams, Portmadoc N. Evans and May Evans, Harlech Mrs Richard Morris, Doigelley Laura Morris, Llanystumdwy; Jennie Roberts, Penygroes Bessie Griffith, Llanbedr Emily Rutter, Herne Bay C. Rowlands, Bangor; Lizzie Parry, Portmadoc; A. M."Millard, Doigelley; M. E. Evans, Barmouth Polly Jones, Ruabon C. St. Clear, Caerdeon, Doigelley; M. E. Jessie Williams, Doigelley B. Richards, Pensarn K. Owen, Doigelley Gladys Cross, Doigelley Nellie Roberts, Dolgelley; Mrs J. H. Marshall, Dol- geltey Jennie Jones, Portmadoc Gertrude Row lands, Llangollen F. A. Jones, Port Dinorwic Mary J. Williams and A. William3, Valley Mrs J. M. Owen, Carnarvon; L. Griffith, Dolgelley: Mrs Roberts, Doigelley Alice Evans, Dcwlais Florrie Theodore, Welshpool the Misses Jones, Brynmelyn, Corwen [Misses Vanghan, Caerher- llah H. Ffoulkes, Holyhead Katie Jones, Holy- head Lilian Joseland, Worcester Ethel Webb, Birkenhead Maggie Rowlands, Llanuwchllyn Lizzie Toomas. Carnarvou; Bertha Jones, Dolgelley Miss Doubleday, Coggeshall Miss Rutter, Clap- ham Alenai Rowlands. Bangnr; M. A. Williams and Maggie Williams, Islawidref Winnie Williams, Talyboot K. Knowles, Brabryn House J. Bowen. Criccieth; Florence Roberts. Penygroes; Nan Williams, Cricoieth Laura Charles, Bangor; Kitty Jones, Bangor Edith Arnfidd, Dolgelley; Mrs Morgtn, Doigelley Mrs Royle, Doigelley The old saying that an Eiglishnnu cannot.do anything without a dinner seems to be equally applicable to Wales, and not only to Wales, but to a girls'school in WTales. The progiamme, therefore, began with a luncheon at the school for all old girls who came in by train. At three in the afternoon a public meeting was held at the Assembly Rooms under the presidency of Mrs Holland, Caerdeon, who was supported by the Rshop of Banaor, Mr Hobhouse, M.P., Lady Verney, Miss Armstrong, Principal Reichel, Capt. Griffith Boscawen, Dr R. D. Roberts, Mr Humphreys-Owen, M. P., and Mrs Humphreys-Owen, Glansevern the Hon. C. H. Wynn, RbÚg, Corwen Dr Edward Jones, Caerffynon Mrs Burton, Bala Mrs Darbishire the I-lev and Mrs Grant Mr E. Gritfith, Smithfield; Miss Parry. Mr T, Edwads, Mr Wynne Williams, and the Rev E. T. Watts, and others. The room was tastefully decorated in green and white, the Welsh national colours, and the front of the platform was edged by purple leather, palms, ferns, and flowers. The school song having been sung by the pupils under the direction of Miss Walters, Mrs HOLLAN D. who was received with cheers, said she was present in her official capacity to offer in the name of the Governors and Headmistress a most hearty welcome to their honoured guests — the old governors, the old teachers, and the old girls of Dr Williams's School. (Cheers.) Mrs Beale had written expressing great regret at her absence, and there wa.s one absent governor who was laid on a bed of sickness who longed to be present that day, who from the beginning of the school had taken the deepest interest in its welfare and would continue to do so to the end of her life. No one who knew her could ever forget Miss Lloyd Roberts's devotion to Dr Williams's School. (Cheers.) That day was one which should belong remembered by them all. It was the coming of age of the school which had done a great work for the Principality and for many other parts of the world. About a thousand girls had passed throughthe school since 1878, and the connection with the school had been so closely maintained that. the teachers still knetv where most of the girls were and what they were doing. (Hear, hear.) Many of them were scattered about the world. Some were carrying on the work of education in various branches; some were nursing and some, she hoped, would be among the band of their beloved Queen's nurses many were good and useful sisters and daughters at home, which, after all, was perhaps the best work they could do; and some were happy wives and mothers with homes of their own, whose daughters they hoped in their turn to see in the old school. (Cheers.) Sometimes it was said that the girls were too I-highly educated, but she might venture to say that the education given at Dr William's School was such as to make them better fitted afterwards for taking their places in the world—to be faithful in their duties, to bear its sorrow, to resist its tem- tation. Everything that girls could learn in language, literature, art, and science enlarged their minds and added to their lives and was good for them, provided that they had at the same time good sound education and sound religious teaching, such as they had had;and she hoped always would have at Dr Williams's School. (Hear, hear.) She was always much struck when she came to the school by the happy faces of the girls whether at lessons or playing and that reflected great credit on those who taught and had to do with them. (Cheers.) She should like to give a welcome, first, to the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, and secondly, to their old Headmistress who came to the school when there were great difficulties and some actual oppositiou to overcome—Miss Armstrong. (Ap- plause.) There was an old saying that a thing well begun was half done, and it was not too much to say that her energy and ability in the conduct of the school led to excellent results. The school was opened with about twenty-three girls and now there were one hundred or more. (Cheers.) That school had a deeper interest to her (Mrs Holland) as it was due to her husband's exertions that Dr Williams's School was founded in Dolgelley. (Applause.) Mr Holland never did a thing in a hurry, but only after due thought and consideration. If he thought a thing was right and for the good of the people he made up his mind to do it, and his calm determina- tion carried all before it no matter what oppposition stood in the way, (Hear, hear.) She would only add that she hoped the school would be a great success. She also hoped that all the girls, old and new, would thoroughly enjoy their re-union and would carry away a happy recollection of their gathering together that day in their old school. (Applause.) The HEADMISTRESS (Miss Thomas) then referred to letters of regret from Miss Fewings, who sent her warmest wishes, Sir John Gorat, the Hon. W. Bruce, Mr Bryce, the Hon G. T. Kenyon, Sir J. Fitch, and said they all missed the presence of two prominent Merionethshire educationists—Prin- cipal Roberts of Aberystwyth, who was abroad, and Mr O. M. Edwards, the county member. Mr Edwards had written conveying regret to the Governors, but saying he was engaged in examin- ing women for the final class honours in history in Oxford and, therefore, it he was not helping on the cause of women's education in Doigelley, he was doing so in Oxford. Let- cers of apology had also been received from Principal Viriamu Jones of Cardiff and the Princi- pals of Lampeter and Bala. As a comparative new- comer, Miss Thomas added, she wished to speak of the work of Dr Williams's School, but would con- tent herself by mentioning two things which struck her as being most remarkable when she first came to the school. The first was the remarkable way in which Dr Williams's School bad anticipated techni- cal education by providing a cookery department which, though provided tweuty-one years ago, was not now surpassed in the best schools. The other feature which struck her was the devotion and loyalty of the old girls, which to her was almost unexampled. (Cheers.) Iù this respect she should like to remind them that that was a fitting oppcrtunity for forming and organising an old association. (Hear, hear.) Miss Thomas concluded by saying that the school exhibitions this year of f25 each had been awarded to Miss Annie Jones of Bala and Miss Mary Ellis of Doigelley, both of whom had decided to hold them at Aberystwyth College. (Hear, hear, and cheers.) The Rev. CECIL GRANT was the next speaker and was announced by the President as the husband of Mrs Grant, formerly headmistress of the school. He humourously observed that he was afraid erron- eous notions were going about Wales concerning him, for the Bishop of Hereford, speaking the other day at Aberystwyth, spoke of him as that dis- tinguished elshman." He should have no objec- tion to being either distinguished or a Welshman, but, unfortunately, it was much to early yet to think of being distinguished and it was equally too late to make any arrangements with his ancestors in order to be born a Welshman. (Laughter.) He was, there- fore, grateful to be there as the husband of Mrs Grant, but he was sure Mrs Grant herself would tell them privately in a much better way how pleased she was to be with them again to see their faces, to hear of the splendid work they were doing, and to recognise that the old traditions of the school were being maintained. (Cheers.) He had been asked to say a few words about co- education of boys and girls, though he thought it hard to ask a mere Englishman to come to Wales to t'lk about that subject. They might as won ask him to carry coal to Newcastle. England was behind Wales in co-education. He hoped, however, Eng- land would soon do something to retrieve its character as a people interested in the march of education. He was not one, although he felt strongly on the subject, who would force co-education upon old institutions and establish- ments. Frankly, he did not approve of the as-ault by women on the universities cf Oxford and Cambridge. It seemed too much like a leap year proposal. It was the duty of those who believed in co-education to prove and test their beliel by starting great universities of their own, which should go on side by side with the older ones and if they were better they would win and so he would also advise that men should not make an assault on Dr Williams's School. It would be like taking the kingdom of heaven by violence. In these countries a great system of education had grown up which for tne main part had not been co- educational, and all he asked was, not that they should begin to learn afresh and fo say that the past had been all wrong and start on a new tack, but to be kind and sympathetic to those who, encouraged by the experience of other countries, were seeing whether there might not be some advantages in a system which had succeeded so wonderfully elsewhere. (Hear, hear.) There was only one detail of his experience in education with which he would trouble them and that was a detail which had not entered yet into the Welsh system. When he was asked by the Education Department to institute a com- parison between the American system and the English system and to discover whetherAmerican co- education could be grafted on the British system, he foresaw, or thought he foresaw, the great difficulty the change would be in England where people had gone on lines of boarding schools, whereas in America the education was given in day schools. He did not wish to write in his article that it was applicable to boarding schools, because he had a boarding scho 1 himself which was co-educational, but he had no experience to go upon to show him that the system was adapted to boarding schools. He had now the experience of a year, and he could not help giving them his firm conviction, though it based on slight experience, that it was specially for boarding schools that co-education was desirable and that though there might be some dangeis in day schools the system had great advantages which would remedy any ot those particular evils which might be adherent to the boarding system. He asked Welsh people to look with interest upon the attempts which were being made in Eogland with reference to co-education and, if they fhought them successful, t) supplement and adapt them to Welsh boarding schools (Applause.) Miss ARMSTRONG, the first headmistress of the school, who was eontially received, said she was glad to have the opportunity of saying a few words to the old pupils of the sciieol and to friends at Doigelley. Ie was a very high privelege to join with the Governors aud all of them in rejoicing at the ccming-of-age of their old school, as well as to rejoice not only at the good work that was put into it at first by her staff-for they must not forget it—(hear, hear)—and the best she could put into it herself—(hear, hear)—but also the excellent work put into the school by her success )rs. In that connection they should net forget Miss Few- ings, because she was the only headmistress who was not then present. Another person who should not be forgotten was Miss Pritchard, wilo did splendid and earnest work for the school. (Applause.) The reign of Victoria, continued Miss Armstrong, would b- remarkable for the establish- ment of secondary girls' schools. The movement at Doigelley was inaugurated mainly by the Day School Company and by the Eudowed Schools Com- mission and she considered it the very greatest houour for the chance to fall to her lot to bring the beginning of that movement into Wates. Dr Williams's School was founded on modern and libraIIIDes, There were excellent schools at Llandatr and Llanelly, but the lines of Dr. Williams's School were modern lines, which came then from England, and it was a mere chance which brought her there. She had only been in Wales as a tourist and never heard before of Dr Williams's Trust until her attention was called to the advertisement for headmistress. She made application, but did not know what excellent honours there were in store for her. Of course, on a day like that she was very much reminded of her first sight of the school. She saw it first in the dusk and she must confess that her heart went down when she saw it. She was, however, encouraged by the delightful hospitality and hearty support of the original governors. She also remembered how hard it was to get the school finished. Though Bhe feared that it would not be ready, Mr Holland announced that the school would be opened on Tuesday and it was opened on that day. The first boarders were the two Misses Roberts, both of whom were now married. At first there was room for twenty-three boarders and room for twenty-three beds, but there was not room for twenty-three washstands and so the en. largement of the school began at once. In her after experience she came to the conclusion that Welsh girls had a good deal of talent. Consequently they did well from the first. The first girls left a record of which the school might well be proud. At present their ambition was at- tained. Even in her time, they used to speak half jokingly of the days when there would be a Welsh headmistress of the school who was educated in Wales. They spoke half jokingly of that ç,v6nt be- cause then Aberystwyth College had only just started and the secondary schools had not come to existence but there was the Welsh headmistress of the school there to- day. (Applause.) One of her (Miss Armstrong's) former pupils had quite as great an honour in being made one of the senior assistant mistresses of one of the largest high schools in England. (Hear, hear.) After saying that since she had left Wales her services to education had not been entirely dis- carded, for she had been put on the Council of the University College of Wales, Mis& Armstrong gpoke of the extremely mean salaries offered to heads of schools as a rock ahead of Welsh inter- mediate schools. To make cultured people enter the profession, it was necessary that it should be made sufficiently attractive not only in money, but in its conditions. A desire was expressed in Eng. land for cultured teachers in the elementary schools but cultured people were driven out of the elemetary schools, not by the conditions of teaching the poor, because teachers were content to do that, but by rudeness, petty patronage, and payment by results which was the vulgarest thing to which the nation could lend itself. No money should ever be granted to schools upon the earnings of the children. It was an evil principle and quite unworthy of any nation. (Hear, hear.) But she must go back to the question of mistresses. In forming a system of secondary education in a new country provision should be made for old age, particularly when the salaries were so low. A portion of examination fees might be devoted to a fund for pensioning teachers and if local people would leave money and the teachers themselves contributed a small amount something might be done. (Hear, hear.) The teachers also must have the best sympathy of the people. There should be nothing petty done in regard to them nor should they be criticised unkindly. They should also be trusted entirely. (Hear.) As to the future, she thought Dr Williams's School must old firmly to the good scholarship with which it began and had gone on with ever since though perhaps pupils of sixteen, seventeen, or even eighteen, might venture to specialize a little in those things that particularly belonged to the lady of the house. The school miakt in that way meet the wants of country Me, In Eng. land there was a great movement in I gardening, and perhaps Dr Williams' School might, if it had a little land, specialize in that direction. At the same time, she would not have it take the place of a sound general education, but imparted to girls to whoir. a training of that kind would be appropriate. (Hear.) Again, in Aber- ystwyth College there was to be a side of music. Welsh voices were delicious and had the touch of genius, but there was a charge brought against Welsh music that it went so far and no further and could not be got to go further. That reproach must be taken away in Dr Williams's School if possible, so that anyone who wished to join the Aberystwyth music side could get thoroughly grounded in the theory and practice of music and then- go on as advanced students at Aberystwyth. (Hear, hear.) She had been told that she was to say nothing about money, but no doubt money would be forthcoming if necessary, so that the school might not only be carried on on the same lines, but that the lines might be widened a little. In her time Dr Williams's school was always spoken of by the pupils as "tbe" school and the towns. people called it the new school." She hoped that in future, while going upon the lines of the past, it would adopt the newest methods, so that there would be no school in the Principality to touch it. (Loud applause). The Bishop of BAGOR said as he noticed there were seventeen speeches to be delivered that day by ladies and gentlemen who had made that subject a speciality and whose remarks would shortly be read by a much larger audience than those who were present that day, it did not become him to say much. He only came there as a visitor and because he held it to be the duty of a person in his position to make himself acquainted with every work carried on for the good of those within his episcopate, and, as long as he saw and believed that the work was good, to support it as much as he was able to sup- port it. In coming to a school like that one came to learn and to see and to mark. He supposed they ought bo have a few prejudices to get rid of. His cousin, who was sitting near him, would probably remember the old days when they used to discuss every problem on earth, and when they held that a school education was a right education for men and home education a right education for women. As they went on, they found that schools were a necessity for women as well as for men. The girls found that they wanted more teaching than they could get at home, and that education in schools was a necessity to them. It therefore behoved them all to use their best endeavours that the education in the schools would be education in the best sense of the word, so as to bring out every faculty for good that lay dormant in the pupils. There was much that a visitor saw there with which he must be pleased. They heard that the technical kitchen started twenty-one years ago was quite up to modern ideas and the guests had a very good specimen of the handiwork at luncheon. There was another thing which must strike a visitor and that was the splendid loyalty to the school of those two hundred young ladies who had come back to it, travelling, he had no doubt, great dis- tances to be present. He thought a school was flourishing when those who had been educated in it came back to it with pleasure. It was a very good sign. It revealed a healthy tradition in the school. (Hear, hear.) Coming there to see what was done, he could not withhold his respect- ful tribute of congratulation to the lady who now so ably presided over that meeting for the way in which she filled that position, and he might express his hope that what was good in the school might never be changed and that it might go on improving in every respect that in it true religion might flourish and that those who were edu- cated there might go on with characters fully de- veloped to appreciate all that was good, all that was lovely, and all that was of good report— that they might be girls whom the young men of the present day might look up to and love and rever- ence and so be made to instinctively love that which was good and instinctively shrink from that which was evil. (Applause.) Lady VERNEY expressed her pleasure in seeing the Bishop of Bangor present and said if the audi- ence had known the Bishop as long as she had, they would value his words all the more. The Bishop was a Westminster boy and when he was appointed to the S e of Bangor he expressed the wish that the consecration ceremony should be performed at Westminster Abbey instead of St. Paul's, so that when he spoke of loyalty it must be remembered that he had expressed it in a very practical form. That was an interesting occasion—the coming-of-age of the school. It was a delightful thing to be young when Wales was coming forward so hopefully, hut there was a time which those who were older could look back to when things were not so hopeful educationally. She had been deputed to visit the schools of Wales and to make a report upon her visit. She would not tell the audience how funny and yet how sad was that pilgrimage. Calebs in search d a wife was not half so humorous. It would be very unkind to hold up the private schools of thirty years ago to ridicule. Parents had no guarantee what the schools might teach and the headmistresses were not in a position to advance the cause of education because the money difficulty came first. In the perfect wilderness of her researches she came to Doigelley and found an oasis with beautiful'palm trees, wherein a school was established wtiich seemed to realise what she wished. Instead of a scrappy education and an underpaid staff, in Miss Armstrong and Miss Pritchard she found two educational enthusiasts working under governors who gave them hearty, liberal, and free-handed support. Lady Verney continued by contrasting the educa- tion of the past twenty years in Wales with the secondary education which was established in France after the devastating war with Germany. In Wales everything was done from below. The people wished education. In France everything was done from above and the most thoughtful men in that country were beginning to see how the system had worked. The schools were infinitely too mechanical and turned out, not independently-minded men and women, but people whose only aim in life seemed to be to supress every idea except their own. In Wales, she was glad to find, every school was trying its own experi- ments, and recently Father Didot had noted the activity, the judicial experiment, and alertness of the British schools in adopting improved methods. (Applause.) Mr HOBHOCSE, M.P., was then called upon to speak, and as he rose he was accorded a hearty reception. He said—Mrs Holland, ladies and gentlemen, I must ask you to be a little patient to me this afternoon, not because I intend to be long, but because I believe I an; the only person who on this platform has no claim to be here to-day. I make my confession at once that up to a few minutes ago I have been a stranger to Dr Williams's School, and what is worse, I have even been a stranger to Wales. In fact, I come from the neighbouring benighted country of England—the country which may have some advantages, but at any rate has two disad- vantages as compared with the country of which yon are so proud. We. have not the natural advantage of being born to speak two tongues, and we have not the artificial advantage of having the Welsh Intermediate Education Act. I am very glad to be here this afternoon on this very pleasant occasion, because I have for some years witnessed the progress of Welsh education with great interest. Serving as I did on the Royal Commission for Secondary Education, I heard a great deal of evidence which was laid before us of the advantages of your system of intermediate schools and of their adaptability to England, and I think I may be allowed for a few minutes to say something on the aspect which the system presents to an outsider like myself. I think with Mrs Holland that Wales has a great deal to be thankful for in the educational world during the last ten years. You have made marvellous progress under t\1e new Act—progress which has been due partially to the new conditions under which you have been placed by law partly to the sums which have been granted to you both out of the rates and out of the taxes, because I mU1!t say that when speaking to my friend Mr Humphreys-Owen just now he gave me to understand that you were: not satisfied with the amount of Saxon gold which you have already received from the Chancellor of the Exchequer, yet you have been treated with more: consideration with regard to secondary schools than England has been treated but you also owe a great deal to many most energetic men and women who with intellectual zeal and self devotion have taken up the cause of your schools during the past few years. A few names occur to me at once—Mr Arthur Acland, who has done so much to support it nay friend, Mr Thomas Ellis—(cheers)—whose death, I am sure, you most deeply regret—who seconded Mr Acland in all his views—a man whom to know was to like. Though I did not belong to his party, and though I did not agree with his political views, yet no one could come into contact with Thomas Ellis without feeling the effects cf his enthusiasm, and his high purpose in life. (Hear, hear.) There are other names, of course, including the late Mr Holland, my friend Mr Humphreys-Owen^ who presides over the Central Board in Wales, and many others whom it may be invidious to name, hut many generations of Welshmen and Welsh women will pass away before the good deeds of these men and women in educational work are forgotten. Now, I cannot help thinking, looking at Wales as compared with England, that you have great advantages from your organisation of intermediate schools.. You have covered your country districts with schools which attain a very fair amount of efficiency and which give excellent education te a large class who could not get education at such, a cheap, rate unless the schools were brought within their reach. These schools are entering into friendly rivalry with each other and, by the examination of their pupils, are measuring their standard of efficiency against one another* These schools are also afford- ing co-operation by their common advantages in I technical and special subjects which could not be obtained without such co-operation in making their pupils efficient in special branches of learning. You have all these advantages and others, no doubt, from your system, but there may be dangers in it—dangers which it would be wrong for those who study education not to warn you against. I hope your schools will not grow too uniform in their education and character. In England, if there is one thing we value more than others in secondary education, it is the variety and freedom and elasticity which has hitherto characterised it. We think that every school should as far as possible have its distinctive character. I feel sure that Dr Williams's School has, and will continue to have, a distinctive character; but in the case of other intermediate schools, especially those which have been founded and founded in a mass, so to speak, there may be some slight danger, if the governing bodies and the head teachers do not look to it, that they shall lose their distinctive character in a dead level of ordinary education. You have your especial advantages, but the very fact that you have established in so short a time so many of these schools, with perhaps in some cases insufficient means, and therefore probably an in- sufficient staff, makes it all the more necessary that you should try to keep up the higher ideals of educational practice. Remember the distinc- tion — the vital distinction — between mere mechanical instruction and living education. I take it there are three great aims in our education. The first and most impor- tant aim is to form the character of those who are taught and by excellent discipline to inculcate good habits, graceful manners, and high theories of life. Depend upon it no school, however efficient the instruction, can give a good education unless it holds above every other aim the instillation of a high moral and religious tone. And the second aim is the development of our faculties. Rather too much stress is often put in school life, I think, on the development of the faculty of memory. I had a teacher once, 9. famous man, who was very fond of paradoxes, who used to remark that a great memory was a great misfortune. (Laughter.) I am afraid that I cannot go as far as that, but I feel, however, that it is not always those who have the best memories that learn the most at school. There are faculties we ought to develop—the facul- ties of observation, of intelligence, of reflection, and reason—the development of which goes to form a really well-educated man and woman. Just as we develop the faculties of the body by athletic exercises, so it is necessary by the proper use of instruction in languages, instruction in science, instruction in mathematics to bring out the faculties of the mind. (Hear, hear.) There arc some persons, I believe, who are apt to ask what is the good of this, that, and the other instruction. They may just as well ask what is the good of playing lawn tennis or cricket. There are many studies in our iOchoollifec-I will take pure mathe- matics for one—which do not bring to most of us directly material advantage. Nevertheless the exer- cise in them is often the best possible exercise to develop our faculties and put them in such a s'ate that they may be useful to us in many branches of our life. (Hear, hear.) And the third and last aim of education, I think, is the acquirement of useful Knowledge and skill. There is a great deal said, especially in Englan d nowadays, of the advantages of technical instruction. I entirely believe in these advantages, but I see the dangers of too early specialization of practical teaching. By all means have your cookery class. By all means have a school garden but there is no more dangerous thing for any school, whether for boys or girls, thap to allow the attention of the pupil to be turned to practical studies in the place of other more abstract and literary studies too early in life. (Hear; hear.) We should first fully develop our men and women and only secondarily make them competent workers in their trade or profession or in their duties in after life. That would come subsequently, but the foundation of all must be the higher educational studies of which I spoke before. (Hear, hear.) Perhaps I may say a word of warning to parents— not so much to parents of the girls here as to those more in the country districts who think they can get a good, finished education, as it is called, in an extremely limited time. Believe me, however good a mistress may be, however good a school may be, it passes your power to give education that is worth anything in the course of a few months or even a year. Parents must be willing to keep their children at your schools for, at any rate, two or three years if they ex- pect to get any real good. (Hear, hear.) Before I sit down I suppose I ought on this occa- sion, as I snail not have the advantage of address- ing girls on a subsequent occasion, to give them one or two words of advice, if they will allow me. The first words I should say to. yuu is "Do everything thoroughly." I am told that girls, and especially Welsh girls, ar quick and skilful and keen to learn, but these very advantages may prevent them from going as deep and thoroughly into thing.; as I they ought to. You may be sure that "grinding," to use a popular word, does everybody good, es- pecially in the younger years of life. To those who study Latin I would bring to mind the proverb, Labor omnia vincit." (Applause.) And perhaps this advice to your school is quite needless but it is gcod that you should be always ready to obey all the rules of discipline. They may be somewhat unreasonable at times, but per- haps viewed from another light they are reasonable enough and even if not reasonable it is for your good that you should obey them. (Hear, hear.) And-lastly, I would say, as you are proud of your excellent school you must be a credit to your school and if you are a credit to your school you will probably be a credit and blessing to your family, to your country, and to yourself. (Applause.) Mr FRANCIS JONES, London, gave a lengthy but interesting account of Dr Williams's life, pointing out that though Dr Williams was a Welshman, his wife was English and that the greater portion of the property of the endowment was derived from the wife. The school, therefore, in addition to being absolutely unsectarian, was one which both Welsh and English girls could claim as their own. Dr EDWARD JONES said as one who had watched the gnwth of that school with some anxiety, he could not help feeling proud of the position the school occupied at the presen.t time. Though the original contract was £2,500 only, some £10,000 had been spent altogether on the budding, and it was now entirely free ffom debt. (Applause ) Dr Jones referred to the wisdom of men like Mr Holland erecting monuments to their memory during their lifetime, and concluded by a tribute to the work done in the cause of education by the late Mr T. E. Ellis. Principal REICHEL said that some of the dangers in the administration of Welsh intermediate schools which Mr Hobhouse had pointed out were real dangers, aud therefore he hoped the words wou'd be taken to heart. The danger of substituting mechanical instruction for real education or the de- velopment of the faculties was very real, as was also the danger of being satisfied with an inferior staff. It was true the heid of Welsh intermediate schools was to be a graduate, but many local governors had no conception of the difference be- tween one graduate and another graduate —between a pass graduate, who never couLd be more, and the honours graduate. That was a danger which Dr Williams's School need not fear. Referring to a remark by Mr Hobhouse that the money for Welsh intermediate schools was derived entirely from public sources, Principal Reichel said it was true that a sum equivalent to a halfpenny in the pound was obtained from the Exchequer, but it was equally true that not only was a halfpenny rate levied; on the Welsh counties for intermediate education purposes, but what was known as the liquor money was also voted,. and in his own county of Carnarvon no less a sum than £15,000 had been subscribed towards the buildings of intermediate schools and altogether a sum equivalent to a 7Wi rate spread over the whole county had been raised aLmost entirely from the least wealthy portion, of the community. (Cheers.) No doubt in Eng- land there were enthusiastic educationists here and there, but the mass of the people did not believe in education beyond perhaps a desire for commercial equipment enabling them to com- pete successfully with foreign producers. In Wales, on the other hand, the mass of the people desired education for its own sake. (Cheers.) The speaker added that when he was at Oxford he did not believe in the higher education of women, but he was converted to it by having to lecture to women there on history and was confirmed in his conversion by the admirable work done by the women at Bangor. He soon found out that though it was not true 1J::>. say that the minds of men and women were the same, as each had different gifts, still women were equally susceptible with men of the highest intellectual training. Women, however, required special training, and in that respect he was pleased to know that Welsh women were not now tied to the hard and rigid system of the London University, but had the freen and more elastic curriculum and larger scope of the Welsh Univer- sity. He hoped that from that school students would go to the Welsh University colleges and in after life become centres of culture and light in their respective districts. (Cheers.) Dr R. D. ROBERTS, W ho was asked to speak on university extension lectures, said as the time of the meeting had knearly r»n. out, he should best consult the wishes of the audience in congratulat- ing the school upon its successful position and up- on the hopeful outlook it enjoyed in its twenty-first year. he knew the school in its earliest days. He had watched its progress with the deepest inteiest and now rejoiced in the great success it had achieved. The promoters had not only established a great 8chwl, but they had done a great pioneer work in Wales. Twenty-one years ago the whoW move. ment for the education of girls was in its infancy. There had been nothing more remarkable in the past quarter of a century than the growing recog- nition of the rigllt of girls to equal educational opportunities with boys—the right of women to equal opportunities of all kinds with men and he thought the part the governors of the school had played by making the school a success and in ripening public opinion in that direction in Wales, should be acknowledged. (Cheers.) Wales in that respect was in advance of Kngland. Principal Reichel, when speaking of the University of Wales might also have tild them that that University was the only University in the United Kingdom which not only threw open its doors to women on the same terms as to men, but which miaht elect to any of its offices—from the chancellor downwards—a woman in exactly the same way as a man. (Cfteers.) He hoped that Wales would always lead in fighting the battle of justice for women. (Cheers.) Had there been time he should be glad to have said a few words upon the question to which Mrs Holland had referred. He thought there were important educational problems which Wales would have to solve in the future. Wales was developing her system of intermediate schools and was also developing her university education, but there was a domain in which educational opportunities ought to be available for the mass of the people engaged in the ordinary occupations of life which Wales would, have to deal with. and which he had no doubt would be dealt with in years to come and so com- plete her educational system. (Appiause.) Mr HUMPHREYS OWEN, M.P., proposing a vote of thanks to the visitors, said it was a matter of great satisfaction to them that they should have the presence of the Bishop of Bangor that day. Him- self the scion of an old Welsh family, it was right and fitting that he should take pleasure in that purely Welsh national movement He was also glad to see Dr Roberts present whose work in university extension, extending over something like twenty-five years, had made a mark upon the educational history of his country. He only wished that time had allowed Dr Roberts to say something out of the fulness of his heart upon that subject. He was likewise glad to welcome his friend Mr Hobhouse, being always glad to see Englishmen among them in Wales and particularly Englishmen interested in educational matters. He appreciated the warning against a too rigid system of education. He was happy to think that that danger was being avoided, as far as was consistent with any organization at all, in the system of the Welsh Central Board, because ev<ry headmaster or headmistress had the right of sending in a schedule or course of teaching in any subject which the Board examined, and the Board provided not a cut and dried examination paper which was forced 08 all classes, but an examination paper in accordance with the schedule sent in to them, so as to meet fully the set curriculum in use in the school. (Hear, hear.) Another subject which had not escaped the attention of those dealing with education was the subject of pension of teachers. The matter had been under consideration for some time and a further step was on the point of being taken towards the basis of a sound and safe pension scheme. (Hear, hear.) He hoped therefore he might claim first of all to have made most necessary provision by pension for old-age and also to have secured due elasticity in the teaching of the schools. A vote of thanks to the President concluded the meeting. The Hon. C. H. WYNN seconded the vote and, in the course of his remarks, referred to the finances of the school. He said that the school ought to have secured support from the County Governing Body and hoped that that support would be given in future. An adjournment was made for tea at the School and an inspection of the school buildings. In the evening at eight an old girls' concert was given in the Assembly Rooms when there took part the Misses F. and R. Gretton, Miss F. Theodore, Miss A. M. Jones, Miss A. Roberts, Miss Rutter, Miss Lily Morgan, Miss Ada Hughes, Miss Maud Jones, Miss Annie Foulkes, and the Misses Roberts and Rowlands. Ou Wednesday the re-union was further celebrated by a tennis tournament between past and present students. Owing to the unpropitious weather on Wednes- day it was found impossible to play the tennis tournament between past and present pupils which was arranged as part of the Re-union programme. The time was pleasantly spent at the school where lunch and tea were provided for all the old girls. At two p.m. a meeting of old girls was held. Miss Anna Rowlands, B.A. (head mistress of the Ruthin County School', occupied the chair. It was pro- posed by Miss Lizzie M. Lloyd, B.A. (Machynlleth), and seconded by Miss Menai Rowlands, B.A. (Bangor), that a special message should be drawn up and forwarded to Miss Fewings, whose absence on this most interesting occasion was deeply regretted by all her old girls and by all those who knew her, The following letter was drawn up and signed by ninety-one old girls wh') were present, many hav- ing unfortun iteiy being obliged to leave Doigelley before the meeting :—Dr Williams's School, com- memoration day. July 26th. 1899. Dear Miss Fewings,—We, the old girls of DI- William's Schnol at the re-union to commemorate its twenty-first birthday, wish to express our great sorrow at the absence of one who has been uppermost in our thoughts and to whose teaching we so largely owe that deep spirit of love and loyalty towards the school which has made such a re-unicn possible Though so far distant from us, we all have felt that in spirit you were amongst us givingus strong h and courage as of old. We look forward eagerly to the time wnen those in the old country who love you w 11 be able to see and greet you again, and meanwhile we earnestly pray that your work in Brisbane may bring as much happiness to yourself as it must bring help and blessing to those for whom you are working.—Your grateful and affectionate old colleagues and pupils." (Here fol- lowed the signatures.) The meeting then pro- ceeded to the formation of a Dr Williams's School Old Girls' Association. Miss Diana Thomas, B.A., headmistress, was elected president and the follow- ing were elected vice-prasidents Miss Armstrong, Miss Fewings, Mrs Grant (Miss Thompson), Miss Anna Roberts, and Mis A. May Jones. Miss Mary Jones,Caerffynon,and Miss Myfanwy Roberts, Frondirion. kindly consented to a; t as secretaries and Mrs J. M. Owen, Carnarvon, as treasurer. The following were appointed on the Committee :— Miss Anna Rowlands, Ruthin; Miss L. M. Lloyd, lachynlleth; Miss J. Roberts, Llan- beri Mi-ses Rachel Thomas, Llanarth Alice Millard, Doigelley Emily Rutter, London Jennie Davies, Llanbedr Nellie Roberts, D.11. gelley and Lily Williams, Barmouth. The Association decided to hold biennial meetings and to regard the Dr Williams's School Magazine as the organ of the Society. It was also resolved that the Association should present to the school an enlarged photo of Mrs Grant, the late headmistress, so that the school will henceforth possess portraits of its three past headmistresses. Votes of thanks to the Governors, staff, secretaries of the re-union, and to all those who kindly entertained the old girls on this their first meeting were enthusiastically carried. Short and interesting addresses were delivered by Miss Armstrong and the Rev Cecil Grant. A four-paged illustrated supplement was pub- lished on Wednesday morning containing eleven illustrations of the School taken by Mr Youog of the Photographic Studio, Dolgelley.
PWLLHELI. Toy TRAMWAY.—There is probably no place in Wales, except Pwllheli, that can boast the posses- sion of two distinct tramways. A private marine tramway, four miles long, connecting Pwllheli with the Glynweddw Galleries and Gardens at Llan- bedrog, has been running for the last three years and affords visitors an opportunity of seeing some of the beauties of the scenery of WTales in its wild, romantic, and sometimes rugged grandeur. On Saturday this was supplemented by the opening of a toy tramway running along an embankment con- necting the town from Pen-street with the South Beach at a point opposite the South Beach Hotel. The embankment was formed in 1840'and until the South Beach was opened up as a seaside resort about ten years ago its narrow width of twelve feet or so was ample for all requirements of traffic. Is runs alongside the beautiful and natural harbour of Pwllheli and is nearly a mile long and when the Town Council saw the pressing necessity of widen- ing and extending it early this year they also de- cided to construct and work (asa municipal under- taking) a tramway along the new portion which it had been resolved to erect. The present width of the embankment is-fifty feet and the tramway con- sists of a single line with a. loop at the centre. The gauge is 2ft¡ 6in and the Corporation are pro- viding both open aoid covered cars. The open one is a deck car with reversible garden seats (com- monly described "toastrack" cars), to seat twenty-four the elosed one seats sixteen. Both are of miniature proportions, The tramway is worked by horse traction and will undoubtedly become a popular institution. The views from the embankment are beautiful aad' extensive, including the entire Snowdonian range and the lesser hills of Merioneth. The fare charged will be Id, but the Corporation are issuing pnepaid tickets at 9d a dozen. Workmen's tickets will also be issued by certain cars at d each, and as the workmen of the Gimlet Rock Granite Quarries have to pass albng the route of the tramway to get to their work,, they will probably avail themselves in large numbers of the facilities offersd. The Corporation of Pwllheli have shown a good deal of spirit in con- nection with public wonks, and as the town con- tinues to prosper theJe can be little doubt the new toy tramway can be extended in various directions. The entire work has beeL carried out by the works department of the C.iporation under the direction of the Borough Sur
BISHOP LEWIS- LLOYD.—At Bangor CathedralFon Sunday special prayers were nwed on behalf of Bishop Lewis Lloyd, late bishop of Bangor, who was about three years ago seized with a paralytic stroke at Holyhead, and is at present lying in a hopeless condition at hia home at Llanarth, Car- diganshire,
BALA. CRICKET.—On Saturday last a match was played between the town team and the County School XI. on the ground of the lattsr club and resulted in a win for the School. FISHING. —Several fine pike, perch, and trout were caught in the lake last week by visitors stay- ing in the town and neighbourhood. So far the fishing season in the lake has proved very sucess- ful. BALA SHOW.—The Committee is now busily en- joyed making arrangements for the show which is to be held on the 18th August. At a committee meeting held last Monday evening the judges tor the various sections were appointed and the question of having a marquee in which to hold a horticultural show was discussed. THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE.—The Rev John Owen Thomas, M.A., of Aberdovey, has declined the iu- vitation of the Committee to become the secretary of the Bala Theological College in succession to the late Rev R. H. Morgan, M.A. We understand that Mr Thomas was approached before the Com- mittee m. t attd had written to refuse to allow his name to be puc forward. MUSICAL.—Great preparations are being made with the singing by the Balao Mixed Choir, Balli. Male Voice Choir, and the Juvenile Choir, all of whom intend competing at Corwen Eisteddfod. On Friday a concert will be held at the Victoria Hall when the test pieces will be sung. The pro- ceeds will be devoted towards defraying the expenses of going to Corwen. OBITUARY.—We regret to have to announce the death of Mrs Evans, wife of Mr David Evans, butcher, which took place last Wednesday after a severe illness. The deceased had a large circle of friends and was highly respected. She was a faith- ful member of the Independent Chapel where her loss will be greatly felt. The funeral, which was private, took place at the Llanycil Churchyard on Friday last. The deceased leaves a husband and four children to mourn her loss, with whom great sympathy is felt in th-dr severe affliction. GIRLS' COUNTY SCHOOL.—The following pupils were successful at the recent examination in drawing in connection with the Royal Drawing Society :—Division .1-Honourll: Lily Edwards Jones, Martha Alice Speake, A. C. V. Jennings. Pass Kate Jones, Elizabeth Lloyd, Sarah Ann Thomas, Edith Annie Jones, Jane Evans, Maggie Jones Parry. Division 2—Honours F. H. Ruddy, Mair A. V. Roberts, Mary Lloyd Evans. Pass Jenny Jones Edwards, Ellen Grace Humphreys, Jenny Gwladys Morris. Division 3— Pass Mair A. V. Roberts, Jennie Jones Edwards, Maggie Jones. BICYCLE ACCIDENT.—On Tuesday, July 25th,* James Evans, a young lad engaged at the Post Office as telegraph messenger, met with a serious accident. He was taking a message to Rhiwaedog on a bicycle. It transpires that as he was going down the hill, which is rather steep, close to the village of Rhosygwalia, he lost control over his machine and just where the turning to the village is he was violently thrown over the hedge into a field and received severe injuries, dislocating both shoulders and fracturing both his forearms. He was conveyed with all speed in a trap to Bala where he was immediately attended to by Dr Williams, Mr W. R Jones,land Inspector Morgans.
MACHYNLLETH. ISITORS.—There is a good number of visitors in the town at present. The excellent fishing obtain- able in the Dovey forms the attraction. OBITUARY.—The death took place on Tuesday afternoon, at Cae'rgogrydd, Aberhosan, of Mr Hugh Pugh, formerly miller at Felinycoed, at the advanced age of seventy-five. Deceased was well known in the town and his friends heard of his death with regret. The funeral takes place to-day (Friday). POSTAL SUCCESS — Mr D. E. Jones, son of Mr Jones, sub-postmaster of Ceinws, and Mr E. R. Evans, son of Mr R. Evans, gardener, Machynlleth, two clerks under Mr Clements, postmaster, Mach- ynlleth. have been successful in passing the civil service examination. During Mr Clements's perioa of office at Machynlleth, which is less than two years, six clerks under his instruction have passed the civil service examination. ACCIDENT.—On Wednesday at mid-day whilst a horse attached to a waggon containing a load of soones was being driven from the Railway Station to Dovey Bridge, the waggon by some means or other broke in two. The horses got frightened and dashed away with a portion of the conveyance be hind them, but were caught a short distance lower down the road. The driver was slightly hurt on the side. The horae and waggon are the property of Mr Robertson, Goat Inn. MUSICAL.—Master Goronwy Davies, son of Mr Hugh D.tv'ies, cnemist, Machynlleth, has been suc- cessful in pissing the preliminary examination, grade 1, of the Incorporated Society of Musicians, recently held at Wrexham. He came out in the honours list, gaining eighty-seven marks out of the possible 100, the pass number of marks being sixty five. Miss Mary Hughes, daughter of Mr John Hughes, Dovey View, has passed the pre- liminary examination in connection with the Lon- don College of Music. At the i"esbyter:*u Chapel, on luesday evening, a h ctuic was delivered by the Rev Thomas Bournemouth, one of the best lecturers ot the; any, on Beside the Bonnie Briar Bu-h" (Tar: MtcLu-cn ) Mr Evans, who many years ago acted as master of Aberhosan School is well known in Machynlleth, and this fact, together wit-li his fame as a lecturer, resulted in an exceed- ingly large audience. The lecture, as could be ex- pected, was wonderfully interesting and entertain- ing. The proceeds will be devoted cowards the Chapel fond. Mr J. G. Jenkins, N.P. Bank, pre- sided over the meeting. Tla; OLUiSTKER*,— Beautiful weather prevailed during the annual training in camp of the Volun- teers at Porthcawl last week. During the week, sham fights were arranged and sports were also held. The inspection took place on Thursday under the direction of General Forestier Walker. The General made special references to the efficiency of the 5th Battalion, of which the Machynlleth (D) Company forms a part. The training ended on Saturday. The Machynlleth conting-nt arrived home at half-past eight in the evening. They marched in excellent order to the Armoury under the command of Lieutenant Wakefield and Ser- geant Instructor Hemmings aud were afterward dismissed. The streets were thickly lined with spectators as the volunteers marched past, and the soldierly bearing of the company was much re- marked upon. COUNTY SCHOOL SUCCESS. — Master T. W. Phillips, son of Mr Pnillips, schoolmaster of the British School, Cemmaes, and a pupil of the Mach- ynlleth Intermediate School, who last-year brought distinction upon the school by being the first in the list of sticcessiul candidates in the Cambridge local examination for the whole of the United Kingdom and the Colonies and who was awarded £8 by the Cambridge Senate, has this year again added to the laurels of the school by passing the London matriculation examination in the honours division. He was the fourth on the honours' list and has been awarded an exhibition of JE15 per annum for a, period of two years. Master Phillips, who clearly has a brilliant future before him, is not yet seventeen years of aõe. Miss Frances Reese, daughter of Mr Evan Reese, Mount Pleasant, another pupil of the school, has also passed the London matriculation examination. Mr Llewelyn Hughes and Miss Susan Humphreys, two pupils from the school,, have also succeeded in obtaining posts under the Post Office Department out of several hundred candidates. These constant successes reflect great credit upon Mr H. H. Meyler, the headmaster, and the other members of the staff, and the Governors of the school are to be congratulated on the marked progress of the school. SCHOOL BOARDI—The monthly meeting of the Board was held on Saturday when there were pre- sent the Rev W. g., Jones, the Rev D. H. Hughes, and Mr Richard Gillarc.—The Board voted ia favour of the Rev W. S. Jones, Mr John Row- lands, solicitor, and Mr John Marshall Dugdale Llanfyllin, and Mr R. Williams, Newtown, as the four governors to represent the Montgomeryshire School Board on the Governing Body of the Uni- versity College of Wales.—The Towyn and Pennal School Board wrote stating that they would be pleased to co-operate with the Board in securing better attendance at the schools—The annual re- ports were read.—The report of the pupil teachers examination showed that the four, candi- dates presented were successful, Miss Eliz. J. Evans and Miss Frances Davies passing the third year examination, Miss Maglona Williams the second year, and Miss Mary E. Jones the first year' examinations. The report as to the schools-was as. follows :—Mixed school: "This school/is taught by. sound methods and the progress made during' the last year has been creditable. Under these- circumstances the higher principal grant is now. t recommended, but attention should continue to ba. paid to those points in the work which were pointed out to the Masteap as being still compara- tively weak. The needlework of the higher standards is not strong though Improvement has been, made in the latter part of the year. The prsent. school premises are old-fashioned, inconvenient.. and not well arranged for teaching and it is hoped that the Board will now take into con- sideration the question of providing entirety new premises. Infant's school The order afid touve of this school is good and the children are welt aDd sympathetically taught. The slassroom is- badly ventilated."—The Education Department also directed special attention to the Inspec- tor's remarks on the unsatisfactory nature of the premises and to request that the Board would forthwith take the matter into consideration and inform the department what steps it proposes to take towards improving OF replacing tbem. The omission of the annual inspection oj the school in 1900 was. sanctioned,- The Clerk (Mr Davies Williams), 3aid the total grant was £247 10s 6d, an increase of about £3Qoa the grant of the last year.—Consideration ol the question of the premises was deferred to the next meeting.—It was resolved to ask Miss M. OWeD, the newly-appointed assistant mistress, to under- take the instruction of sewing for a consideration of £5 extra in her salary.—Kills and salaries amount" ing to JE121 were passed.