ABERYST WYTII. 1 PLACES OF WORSHIP. Aberystwyth, which his a resident population of 6,700, hlS no fewer than nineteen places of worship 'including those belonging t-) the Church of England, Catholics, Wesleyans, Independents. Baptists, Calvin- istic Methodists, Church, and Salvation Army, In eig:\t places services are held in the English language, the remainder having W elsh services. The Welsh 'services begin at half-past nine in the morning and at si" in tile eleven and at six (Nonconformist) and L;df-paA six .Church) POSTAL INFORMATION Letters may be posted at the office box in Terrace- road up ti a quarter past tive in the eveniag and until 5.35 with extra half penny stamp. A letter box is affixed to the sorting van at the Railway Station at which. with half-penny stamp, letters may be posted until the departure of the train at six. The letter boxes placed in various parts of the town are cleared a few mmutes before the box in Terrace-road. Letters for Shropshire may be posted up to 11.45 noon. Letters for South Wales and the West of England up to 2.10 in the afternoon. Delivery of letters from London, Liverpool, and all parts commences about eight in the morning and is finished about ten from South Wales and the West of England at 12.30 London and all parts 2 30 and from London and the Midlands at 6.30 p m. On Sunday, post closes at 5 15 in the even- ing and delivery commences at 11 a.m., letters addressed to callers from 12.30 to 1.30. Telegraph office is open from 7 a.m to 9 p.m week days. from 1.0 to 10.0 on Sundays, and 5 to 6 p.m. Money orders are issued and paid from 9 a.m until 6 p.m., and on Saturdays until S p 111 Parcels for all parts may be posted up to 5.15 p.m. Postmaster: Mr H. Humphreys PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. The University College of Wales occupies a promin- ent position at the southern end of the Terrace. It was built originally for an hotel at a cost of about £ 80,000 and subsequently bought for an eighth of that imount as the locale of the University C, College ef Wales. The institution was opened in 1872 as the one national college for Wales. The number of students steadily increased to nearly 200, a grant of £4,000 a year was wrung from the Exchequer, and the College pat on a permanent basis, the students each year winning high place in the examination lists In July, 1885, the building was practically destroyed by fire which broke out in the chemical laboratory. It has, however, been since partially restored by Messrs &lla.m of London, from plaus by Mr Seddon, of the mane place, whn has taken aivantage of the results of the fire to make the building more suitable for a college than it was when intended for an hotel. There are xiany scholarships and exhibitions connected with the College, which are open to English as well as te Welsh youth of both sexes, whose parents fin(I in Aberyst- wyth remarkably cheip means of higher education seeing that the College terms begin at the close of the summer season when lodging accomodation is almost nomiiial in price. An hostel is provided for womin students. In the College is a well-filled museum, which is open to visitors on certain days in the week •m payment of a small fee, which goes to form a Visitors' Scholarship. There are several other publie institutions such M are msually found in a town like Aberystwyth. The Wilding on the hillside to the north-east of the town is the Aberystwyth Infirmary and North Cardiganshire General Hospital supported by voluntary contributions augumented by a fund derived from a bequest left by Mr Jooeph Dowaie, a vine merchant of the t)wn. CASTLE RUINS AND GROUNDS. The ruins of the Castle and the grounds which sur- round them are objects of great interest and delight to visitors. The grounds jut into the sea and command to the north the College and Terrace, Craiglais point, b- and, in the distance, the hills and mountains of Merioneth and Carnarvon,ending in the Isle of Bardsey to the extreme left On a clear day Snowdon may be seen rising above the depresson in the nearer hills about Towyn. Cader Idrs. the next highest mountain of Wales, is hidden behind Constitution Hill. To the south, the nearer view includes the Harbour. Pendinas, the opening of the Ystwyth Valley and the Alltwen Cliffs and the distant view, the villages of Aberajron and New Quay, the headland near Cardigan and St David's Head in Pembrokeshire with Precelly mount tin inland. Plcnty of sat accommodation has been piovided for visitors. The castle, which is of pentagon, or five-corned shape, was originally erected in 1109 by Gilbert de Strongbox, as some suppose was the site of a previous castle of British construction. The building was several times destroyed and restored in the conflicts between the Welsh and Normans until 1277 when Edward 1. rebuilt it, anil at the same time incorporated Aberystwyth under the title of the ille de Llanbadarn, and allowed die inhabitants to have ditches and walls to defend their town. Apportion of these walls remained standing until about fifty years, and Greit Darkgate-street and Little Darkgate-street are named aftei- tiie gttes. Owain Glendwr, or Glen- dower, the last Cymric chicft-iin who attempted Welsh independence, in 1405 took the stronghold from the English, but it was recovered by Prince i,enry, who covenanted to allow the Welshmen free egress for thei r persons and goods for the reverence of God and all •■aints and also especially also of his patron, John of JSridlington, f)r the saving of human blood and at tl e petition of Richard ap Griffith, abbot of Strata F orida." Thence the Castle remained in the possess- i nof the Crown. In the time of James L, the captain the town and castle had an ancient yearly fee of JE18 5s. and was allowed 12 arches for the custody of the town and castle. In 1647, Charles I., "for encouraging poor miners by a more timely and speedy pay out of their own labours, thought fit that Thomas Bushel should erect a mint in the Castle of Aberyst- wyth, with officers and workmen necessary for the coining of all such bullion only as should be drawn out of the mines within the Principality and that the monies there made should be stamped with feathers on both sides. Mr Bushel, who farmed the royal mines of Cardiganshire, subsequently raised a regiment for the king among the miners and clothed the whole army, as well as supprell the royal exchequer with the princely loan of £ 40,000. Several of the coins are among the collection in the College Museum and an Aberystwyth shilling in a recent sale of coins in London realised £ 10. In the Civil Wars the Castle ■was easily garrisoned for the king. As far as Y\ ales was concerned, the battles were mainly fought in the north and south. and it was nob until nearly the end of the strife that the Parliamentarians turned their attention to Aberystwyth Castle and dismantled it. The ruins were then taken possession by a horde of disbanded soldiers who preyed on the inhabitants of the surrounding country. They were ultimately dis- lodged and the Castle blown up by powder and made untenantable. CLIMBS. Visitors who are fond of climbing to the top of elevated positions will not remain long in the town before turning their attention to Constitution Hill and Pendinas, on the north and south side of the town. The pathways up Constitution Hill commence at the northern end of Victoria I errace, and may be continued to the left on to the face of the Alltwen cliffs or on to the summit of the lill, 485 teet above the sea. The view from the summit is extensive and varied. Visitors should be careful not to attempt to descend the face of the cliffs or to climb up from the beach. Several who have attempted it have fallen and have been seriously injured. The way to the summit of Pendinas is not as easily found. The town must be left from the town clock via Bridge-street, across over the river and continue under the railway bridge and to the left a short distance until a path up the side of the hill is seen on the right, commencing near a farm house adjoining the main road. From the end of this path access can easily be made to the summit. Pen- dinas, or the top ot the city, which is 413 feet high, commands on the eastern side a view of the Rheidol Valley to where it ends in the double-topped Plyn- limon; on the southern side,of the picturesque Ystwyth Valley; and, northward, a bird's-eye view of the town. On the summit of Pendinas are vettiges of a British encampment. Some years ago a celt or British battle- axe, and a gold angel of the time of Henry VII., with other antiquities, were found on the dinas. WALKS. There are few watering places which possess more short walks out of town than Aberystwyth. Among them the following may be enumerated Leave the town bv the roadway running behind the Queen's Hotel, turning by the right at Brynymor- terrace, and ascending the hill to Brynynior, a house seen on the left. The walk may be extended to the top of the hill,or the pathway through the wicket gate on the right opposite Brynymor may be taken, which leads in half a mile over the brow of the hill into Aber- ystwyth, emerging near the Town Hall. Just before arriving at the Town Hall, an excellent echo may be heard by sending the voice towards the the hillside and Infirmary. A pleasant walk of about four miles may be had by ,ea^iuiT the town by the road running alongside the Townllall; by turning almost immediately to the left, and by climbing the hill by the road leading past the Infirm »ry. This road leads through the quarries on to the elevated meadows about Brynynior. A path thence runs to the top of the hill, past a lane to the right, and on to a bend in the road where a small powder house is seen. The path then runs over the fence through the field and along the top of a fence from which the three chief mountains of Wales- Snowdon, Cader Idris, and Plynlimon—can be seen on a clear day. Plynlimon, with its two rounded heads, rises in front, the cresent-shaped Cader Idris to the left, and the knotched peak of Snowdon still further to the left. The ptth emerges in the Cwm woods, a delightful resort, and may be continued to the right to Aberystwyth by road in two miles, or to the left to the sea shore at Clarach whence a path runs b ck into town along the top of the cliffs. From the Town Clock through Bridge-street, and to the right immediately after going under the railway bridge, follow the road until the way is seen running reund the side of Pendinas. This road may be followed to where it again meets the main road a few yards higher than where it branched off or into the Penparke road. a mile and a half out of town. From Aberystwyth and turn by the limekiln in Trefechan, cross the Pier bridge, on to the stone pier on the south side of the harbour and along the sea shore to the Alltwen Cliffs or along the bauk of the river up to the Ystwyth Valley. Down Plas Chug from Railway-terrace, through the Cemetery, and return by Llanbadarn road. Distance round, I miles. Down Plas Crug, turn to right at castellated building, and cross the railway over the bridge which spans the river, and thence to the right through Penparke, and home. Distance 3 miles. Same route until the bridge spanning the river is reached, then turn to the left and follow the road, under the railway bridge, through Llanbadarn village and home. Distance, 3b miles. Take the same route until the bridge is reached, and instead of turning, cross the roads and follow the course of the river to the railway bridge, and return thiough Llanbadarn Distance about 4 miles. Through tne North Gate to the light, through Llan- badarn to the railway bridge which crosses the road turn down by the mill, over a footbridge which crosses the river, and through Penparke home. Distance, about 4 miles. Out by the North Gat (to the left), up Penglais Hill to the large house, Cefnhendre, turn to the right and keep to the right down to Llanbadarn, and home. Distance, about 3 miles. Again from Cefnhendre, turn as before to the right. Instead of keeping to the right and going to the Llan- badarn, take the first turn to the left and enquire for Cwmpadarn. Walk along the pathway, past the lodge and down to the village of Llanbadarn, and return to town through Plas Crug. Distance about 4 miles. Up Penglais Hill past Cefnhendre. along the Turn- pike road to Bow Street, a distance of 3! miles and take train home. or turn down towards Gogerddan, the seat of Sir Pryse Pryse, cross the brook, take the first road to the right, pass Peithyll, and into the turnpike road, a.bou.. four miles from Aberystwyth. Distance, about 9 miles. Again up Penglais Hill and from Cefuhendre turn to the left and in about 100 yards turn a. lane on the left, called Lover's lane, or in the vernacular, Lon fach y Bwbach (the little lane of the ghost) keep te the left for home. Distance, 21 miles. A varied and pleasant walk has of recent years been opened through the Penglais grounds and has been named the Elysian grove. It commences at a. gateway on the Penglais road, and runs through glades (in which are swings for children) and groves, and winds round to the summit of the hill, commanding magni- ficent views, and finally emerges near the north turn- pike gate. An entrance fee ot 2d. is charged. TaIPS. Ticll Twrw or the ifonk't Care.—This remarkable cave, which is called in Welsh the Thunder Hole," and in English the Monk's Cave, can be visited by as many means as it has names namely, by rail, road, or sea. It is situated about five miles to the south of Aberyst" ytli. If it is decided to go by rail, or road, it means that there is a considerable amount of walk ing to be done. A pleasant boating excurson may be made in fine weather to the caves, but those who do not like the sea find it advisable to hire a conveyance. The cave is called the Thunder Hole on account of the rumbling noise made by the tide in rushing through the cavern. The coast scenery is fine. and at low water the beach is a pleasant spot for a picnic. Any boatman would advise visitors as to the best time for nuking their visit if they went by sea, as it is important that the visit should be timed just as the tide is on the ebb, for that is the best time to enjoy the scene. Bo,-Ih -Distance fromlAbcrystwyth, eight miles by Cambrian Railway. The place is prettily situated on the sea shore to the north cf Aberystwyth. The sands commence under the south d: ffs and stretch away for a distance of four miles. The sands skirt a fen of about ten thousand acres, called Gors Fochno, and when the tide is out, are hard and smooth enough for a drive. The surrounding scenery is beautiful. Cheap return tickets are issued from Aberystwyth to Borth. To those who enpy a walk of six miles, the return journey may be made along the cliffs. Lin fit ant bite years, this beautiful spot has been prominently brought efore the notice of visitors. It is well worth a visit, and has been de- scribed as "the most perfectly beautiful valley in Wales." The eutrance to the valley is just opposite Glandovey Junction on the Cambrian Railway, fifteen miles from Aberystwyth. During th- summer months trains leave at convenient hours of the day and visitors will have ample time to explore the neighbourhood. Tickets should be taken for Glandovey. Near the entrance to the valley a finger post indicates the road to be taken. All along the route the scenery is con- stantly changing. About two and a half miles up the valley is the picturesque hamlet of Glaspwll, and half a mile beyond is a waterfall which presents an exceedingly fine ntl pretty Mght About a mile still further up there is a cascade about 300 feet high, and after heavy rains the volume of water is considerable. The visitor must return on the same road to Glaspwll, and may reach Glandovey by a pathway running along the side of the stream oppo-ite to the rot(I on which he came, or he may take the right from Glaspwll to Machynlleth, a picturesque town, and there join the railway. Devil's Bridge, and Fall*. —" This is the only place," said a tourist, "I have seen that I did not find to have been over described." Some rather "tall" writing has, nevertheless, been published about the Devil's Bridge and the Mynach Falls. The place is annually visited by thousands, and though a Briton now and again asserts his birthright in grumbling at something 0 which has not pleased him, still the majority who go there arc pleased with the (lay's oat- ing, and notwithstanding counter attractions, the Devil's Bridge and Falls hold their own as the chief among the attractions of the Aberystwyth district. During the summer months, well-appointed coaches, breaks, and waggonettes take visitors to Devil's Bridge and back at fares varying from 3s. to 4s. a head. The falls are situated about twelve miles to the east of Aberystwyth. Coaches, owing to a bad bit of the road, generally go and return the same way, but other conveyances give their passengers the variety of a different return journey. The roads command fine scenery nearly their entire distance. On the outward journey, the road rises in a gradual Mcent till an elevation of nearly 1,000 feet above the tea level is reached. Thence it dips downward, and a short run through somewhat uninteresting country makes the full glories of the glen and its surroundings as they burst upon the spectator's vision all the more striking. At the Devil's Bridge is an hotel giving good accommodation on reasonable terms. A fee of Is. is charged to view the falls and grounds. The Devil's Punch Bowl is first vitited by a descent into a dark chasm at the bottom of which his Satanic Majesty is supposed to be brewing punch, but with poor success, judging by the purity of the water -,to it emerges. The chasm is spanned by a bridge of olden time, surmounted by a county bridge of much more recent construction. The old bridge is supposed to have been built by the monks of the neighbouring Abbey of Strata Florida, but poet;c licence has been taken with history in ascribing the origiu of the structure, not to monks, but to the Devil the licence probably commencing in the too free translation of '• Pont-y-Mynach (the Monk's bridge) into Pont y Gwr Drwg (bridge of the Evil Man). The story goes that an old ltdy in search of her cow was distressed on finding it on the other side of the ravine. The Devil constructed the bridge on condition that he was to have the first living thing that crossed it. More wide-awake than Eve, A crust over she threw, her dog after it flew says she, The dog's yours, crafty sir.' On leaving the Punch Bowl, the roadway is crossed, and the spectator descends by a series of steps, called Jacob's Ladder, to the bottom of the Glen, obtaining in the descent a full view of the Mynach Falls, which altogether make a total drop of 314 feet, and then rush on to join the Rheidol. a fall of which has already been seen to the right through the trets. From the bottom of the falls rocks rise almost perpendicularly to the height of 800 feet, and are clothed with ferns, trees and brushwood. The climb from the bottom of the Glen to the top on the opposite side to Jacob's Ladder is something like hard work, but at each step upwards some new glory in the falls is revealed. Near the basin of the third fall—for what looked from the opposite side like an immense cataract is in reality four falls is a cavern in the rocks, which for many years, so tradition asserts, was the hiding place of two brothers and a sister, freebooters who infested the neighbourhood for years, until at length, committing murder, they were caught and hanged. The return journey to Aberyst- wyth is usually made through Y spytty Cynfyn, where are druidieal atones in the churchyard, through Pont- erwyd, where is a waterfall and where the river flows through a gorge, through the mining district of Goginan, containing an extensive view of the Melindwr Valley, and on to Aberystwyth via Capel Bangor and Llanbadarn 1 Plynlimon Mountain —The word signifies, according to some philologists, Pump-lummun or the Five Beacons, and is supposed to have been derived from the fact that the five summits were made use of in olden time to signal to the inhabitants of the Princi- pality tar and wide. If so, the mountain mnst have answered its purpose admirably, for it commands parts of nearly all the counties of the Principality, as well as of the county of S;?I,,p in which was formerly the capital of North Wales. The mountain is interest- ing historically from having been the scenc <.•! the last struggle for Welsn national independence under Owain Glyndwr, Mid interesting phisically from the fact that no fewer than five rivers rise on its s;des. including the Severn and the Wye. The highest head —for it cannot be called a peak—is marked by a earn, and is 2,469 feet above the level of the sea In the summer season conveyances are run to the foot of the mountain and the ascent is made from Steddfa. Gurig a line of poles marking the way to the summit. Another line of poles mark the descent to Dyffryn Castle Hotel. Visitois should insist upon being taken tw Steddfa Gurig, whence the summit is about two miles off. Car pruprietors-witli a shortsightedness for which they are more to be pitied than blamed—do not itant to go beyond the hotel where they put up their horses, and try to persuade passengers that the ascent from Dyffryn Castle is easy. It ii, however, uphill work of over four miles, and few but the strong and persevering who attempt the ascent that way ever reach the sum- mit, and even they are too weary to enjoy the magni- ficient view of sea and plain and mountain which it coiniri nds.
ABERAYRON. (Population, 1500.) POST OFFICE REGULATIONS. Outgoing mails to London, South of England, South Wales, Carmarthen, Lampeter, Talsarn and Cdiau Aeron, letters may be posted till 7. a.m. and 1.20 p.m. Sundays till 11.10 a.m. To the North of England, London, Aberystwyth, Llanrhystyd, Llanon, Aberarth and other places letters may be posted till 2.45 p.m., Sundays till 2.20 p.m. For an extra stamp 5 minutes more is allowed for all the inaili. Deliveries commence at 11 a.m. and at 7 p.m. Only one delivery on Sunday—at 12 a.m.—of London and South letters call for North letters at 2 p.m. Postmaster Mr Thomas Da vies. PLACES OF WORSHIP. Peniel, Congregational, Wat-mr-street. Pastor, Rev W. Evane. Sunday School, 9.30, two successive Sun days alternately 2, service, two successive Sunday. alternately 6, service week days, Thursday and Friday evenings at 7. Tabernacle, Tabernacle street, Calvinistic Methodist. 9.30, service 2, Sunday School; 6. service week days, Tuesday and Thurs- day evenings at 7. alem, Victoria-street, Wesleyan. Pastor, Rev J. Rowlands. 9.30, prayer meeting 6, service. Baptist Chapel, North-road, 11, service; 2, Sunday School; 6. sorrice. Trinity Church, Pert- land place, Rev W. O. Edwards, B.D., vicar. 11.30, service 2.30. Sunday School 6, service week day service, Friday evening at 7. INGRESS AND EORESS. Nearest railway stations, Aberystwyth, sixteen miles Lampeter, thirteen miles. To Aberystwyth for the north vans for passengers leave Aberayron daily at 7 a.m.. and the post waggonette leaves the Post Office daily at 2 p.m., Sundays at 2.30 p.m. To Lampeter for the south, a passenger van leaves eveiy morning at 7.15, and a coach, which takes the mail bags, every morning at 7.30, both reaching Lampeter in time for the ten a.m. train for Carmarthen. Also a post waggonette (passenger) leaves the Post Office daily at 1.25 p m. to mset the evening mail train for London. The post waggonette (passenger) leaves Aberystwyth daily at 7.40 a.m Sundays at 11 a m. A passenger van leaves the Angel Inn, Aberystwyth,daily at 4 p.m., and on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays a similar vehicle leaves the Railway Inn, Aberystwyth, at 4 p.m. The post vehicle (passenger) leaves Lam- peter station daily at 7.55 a m. Sundays at about 9 a.m. from the Post Office. The passenger van and coach leave every afternoon after the arrival of the 5 p.m. train from the South. The New Quay van passes through the town weekly on Mondays and Fridays at seven a.m for Aberystwyth, and at seven p.m. for New Quay. CHALYBEATE PUMP HOUSE. Analysed by Dr Burghardt, Victoria University, and pronounced by him, who has a thorough knowledge of all the chalybeate waters in Wales, to be the best of them all. His words are-" Llandrindod Chalybeate was called so because it contained sulphate of iron. The rarer and most precious component was that of carbonate of iron, which composed a purer and better chalybeate. These springs are very rare in the whole country, and this, the Aberayron well, was one of them." Valuable testimonials to its efficacy may be bad on applicatir-n. Pump house open daily except Suudays in the summer time from 7 till 8.30 a.m 11 till 12.30 a.m. 2 till 2.30 6 till 8 p m. For a copy of the complete analys's apply to John M Howell, 3, Market-street. THE PUBLIC READING ROOM. 14, Market-street A good assortment of the dailies and weeklies. Terms for visitors. A pply to D. Williams on the premises, or to J. B Davies, 4, Alban square, hon. sec. THE PUBLIC LIBRARY. square, hon. sec. THE PUBLIC LIBRARY. Assembly Room, Town Hall, open from 5 to 6 p.m. on Saturdays, and oftener on application. Terms for visitors. Threepence per week per book on leaving name and address. Appl) to D. J. Jones, 32, Alban House, librarian, or to John M. Ho veil, 3, Market- street, hon. sec. CLUBS, &C. Conservative Club, Crown House, Market-street. Chairman, J. N. Evans, Market-street secretary, John Jones, 3, Bridge-street assistant secretary, J. B. Davies, 4, Alban-square. Liberal Committee, chair- man, Rev W. Evans secretary, John M. Howell. National School Chairman of Committee and secre- tary, Rev W. 0. Edwards, viiar master, Mr Edwards. British School Chairman of Committee, Rev W. Evans secretary, John M. Howell; master, Mr J. R. Phillips. BOATING. About boats, boating, aid sea fishing, information may be obtained on application to van Loyn, Star of Wales John Williams, pilot; David Jenkins, Park David lames, Pier Cottage, and Capt. Evans, 5, Market-street. FISHING. The river Aeron teems with trout, sewin,and salmon, and the expert fisherman may, except at periods of long drought, when the river becomes shallow, enjcy aplendid sport. The Arth, a neighbouring stream, is famous for trout, and is covered by the same license. Excellent lake trout fishing may be had in Llyneidd- wen, a distance of about ten miles, from which the Aeron flows. Combined with this are all the enjoy- ment of gorze, heather, mountain scenery and air. Licences and information may be obtained at the Post Office. The valley of the Arth is narrow and pictur- esque. That of the Aeron, for rural scenes, sylvan groves, and natural beauty is unsurpassed, and while it enhances the enjoyment of the fisherman, it is a source of ever-recurring experience of delight to all persons. The rugged beach, if not the best for bath- ing, affords compensation to the fisherman. In the pools extending east and west of the river, left by the receding tide, shrimps, prawn, perriwinkles, mussels, limpets, &c., may be caught and gathered, whilst crabs and lobsters may be got under the locks and large stones. The size of the prawns to be found on this coast is not exceeded anywhere. BATHING. The clearness of the sea water, owing to the absence of all mud and sewage, renders bathing especially delightful. Bathing is also comparatively safe, there being no dangerous pools, eddies, whirlpools, or cur- rents in the vicinity anywhere. OTHER INFORMATION. There are in the town good provision shops vege- tables,fresh milk and butter easily obtainable salmon, sewin, and trout procurable throughout the season, sea fish to be got periodically. The s.s. Ianthe plies fortnightly between Aberayron and Biistol. The spring water used for dietetic purposes has been analysed by Dr Frankland, and pronounced pure. WAUS. To those who love rambling and sporting where nature has lavished profusely her deep foliage, her flowers and her gladness, the numerous paths along the river Aeron afford pleasant variety. b The scenery is charming and varied, comprising hill and dale with well-wooded and verdant slopes. The paths may be traversed with impunity, and unless wilful damage is perpetrated pleasure seekers will not be molested. Along the valley of the Arth the scenery is wild and wcody. A person may find his way along difficult paths. Near Berllan Peter there are remains of a castle and Roman encampment. From here a glimpse of the sea may be had, in spite of the windings of the narrow valley. It shows what excellent judges of sites the ancient Britons were. Distance there and back, 6 miles. Along the coast line to Gilfachyrhalpn caves which, although not large,are interesting. In the largest may be found a peculiar species of fern, which thrives in its dark recesses. Close by there is a charniiDg little waterfall. The walk may be varied by roturning along the parish road and then the turnpike road. Distance round, 5 miles. Along the coast line to the mouth of the Arth, and further on to the three earth pillars and Craigddu Rocks, over the hill to the turnpike road on the return journey. Distance round, about 4 miles. These walks afford magnificent sea views, with the Carnarvonshire Coast, Bardsey Island, and New Quay Head in the distance. By the Chalybeate pump-house, over the chalybeate grounds, sadly damaged by recent floods, across the Aeron by the new Lover's Bridge, and round Panteg. This is a lovely walk and near the town. Along the turnpike road to Llanerchaeron, and back on the opposite side of the river. Distance, about five miles. It is possible, if application be made to Mr Baynton, that visitors may be shown through Mis I Lewis' beautiful flower garden. This is one of the finest walks in Wales, through the celebrated old oak woo I at Hengeraint, which is about half a mile long, and which the Government offered to buy at the time of George IV. for navy purposes, for a fabulous sum. This wood contains the largest rookery in Cardigan- shire, and one of the largest in the country. Distance round, about five miles. Over Pengarreg hill and across the fields to Ffoes- teicin, Henfenyw Churchyard, and return along the turnpike road. Distance round, about 2 miles. To Llanddewi Churchyard. Distance there and back, 2.i miles. To the top of Cilgwgan and Drefnewydd hills.along the farm roads leading from the turnpike road beyond the Aberystwyth road toll gate. From these hills splendid sea views may be enjoyed. To Pigwr-eithyn on Hengeraint land, on the district road from Henfenyw to Neuaddlvvyd, from which seven parish churches may be seen, back to Neuadd- lwyd, where Dr Phillips laboured, and where he is buried. Distance round, about five miles. To the remains of the old encampment of Cadwgan (Gaer). Distance to and fro, three-quarters of a mile. To Penybanc, on the land of which farm may be seen the ruins of the hut in which Dr Phillips held his Grammar School It used to be known as Athrofa Quinten (Quintan College). Quinten is the name of the brook that runs by. Men of national celebrity were turned out from this academy. He was the pioneer of classical education in these parts. Distance to and fro, about five miles. There golden treasure swells the plains, And herds and flocks are there, And there the (Oll of plenty reigns Triumphant all the year The nympths are gay, the swains are hale Such blessings dwell in Aeron's Vale. While every toast through Albion vies In dubious competition, And female charms contend the prize, Beauty's high ambition. E'n Aeron's beauties must prevail, For Angels dwell in Aeron Vale. Were I possessed of legal state, Presiding o'er a nation, With crowding senates at my feet, In kunible adornatien, I'd envy, if envyinc might avail, The happy swains of Aeron's Vale. TRIM. Up the Vale of Aeron to Lampeter, 13 miles to Ystrad, 6 miles to Talsarn, 9 miles to Llangeitho, where the marble bust of Daniel Rowlands, is to be seen, distance 13 miles to Llangranog, distance, 14 miles to New Quay 7 miles to Pen Tnchrug, 7 miles to Parkneuadd, via Tyglyn Monachty, Psnnant and Aberarth, distance throughout, about 10 miles to Llyneiddwen Lake, from which the Aeron starts, and where there is splendid lake fishing. about ten nile6; to Aberystwyth. 16 niles. To Wern, where Henry slept en his march from Pembrokeshire to Bosworth. Distance to and fro five miles. Particularly to the old Roman encampmentat Bwlch Castell, near Cilcennin, overlooking the Vale of Aeron and commanding a fair view of the valley, up and down. From Pentrichrug, the highest peak of the range, fourteen churches may be seen, Ireland on a clear day, and the land of six counties. The scenery is grand and beautiful, and such as not to be soon forgotten. Llanerchaeron, the seat of Mrs Lewis Tyglyn, the icatof the Davies': Tyglyn Aeron, the seat of Major Lewes Tymawr, the Cardiganshire seat of the Saunders' where Mr W. Hughes now resides Monachty, the seat of the Gwynnes, may be touched on this drive. Distance round about, 13 miles.
BORTH. POSTAL A RR A N G R M E S TS Week day deliveries commence at 7.40 a 111. and 6.45 p. i-n. Outgoing mail to Aberystwyth and South closes at 6 50 a.m. For Shrewsbury, London, &c, at 9.0 a.m. Up night mail to all parts at 6 p.m., clos- ing for parcels and registered letters at 5.40 p.m. Money order and savings hank business from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturdays to 8 p m. Telegraph open, 8 am to 8 p.m. Sunday delivery commences at 10 a.m. Up night mail for all parts cloces at 6 p.m. Tele- graph open from S a m to 10 a.m. No uelivery of parcels. Postmistress, Mrs Watkins. WALKS. Along the beach to the north to Aberdovey Ferry (3j miles) or along the road running northward which leads to the same spot. If the outward journey is made along the beach the return may be made along the road or vice versa. On the beach, especially opposite Aberdovey, is a large quantity of shells From the Penrhyn (on which is a refuge box) a ferry boat may be taken across the river to Aberdovey. Leave the touth end of Borth railway platform and follow the new path past the Church. Seats are placed at intervals aloii,, this path. The view of the surrounding hills and of the moorland of Gorsfochno, which has been described as "a glorious carpet of colour," is very fine from this path. A favourite walk of visitors is to the south beach, where the cliffs rise to a considerable height and where the boulders are very large. About a mile after rounding ihe headland is a peculiarly-formed rock, which, from its shape, has been called Y delyn," or the harp. Care should be taken not to go under the cliffs when the tide is coming in. r_1 TRIPS Ahcryxtiryth.—The town of Aberystwyth can be reached by train, but a pleasant way of visiting it by those who can walk six or seven miles without fatigue, ig by following the roads and paths along the coast. Leave Borth hy the road running southward, and instead of turning to the left keep straight on up the hill, The road leads out into the Cynfelin Valley, where the main road must be left, and a by-way taken leading to the right to a house on the shore called Wallog, whence a pathway leads over the cliffs into Aberystwyth. The return journey may be made by train. Llcmfihitngel.—It may somewhat surprise visitors to know that this is but part of the name of the parish in which Borth itself is situated. The name spelt right out is Ll»nfihangel-Geneu'rglyn, and means the Church of St. Michael at the entrance to the Ien." It may be reached by train or by following the south road a little over two miles. The church, recently restored, perched on the side of the hill, makes a pretty site, and the graves, rising in steps among the trees, is a curious sight. On the square-topped hill over against the Church was formerly a castle built by Walter L'Espec, the Norman. No vestige of it re- in* ins. Taliesin's Grave.—By following the pathway running past the church for over three miles, the pedestrian will be brought to the village of Talybont where are lead mines, hotels, and woollen factories. At the northern end of the viliage a by-road to the right leads in leas than two miles to Taliesin's Grave, on the hillside overlooking the estuary and valley of the Dovey and an extensive tract of country. Taliesin lived in the sixth century, and was the Chief of Bards of Arthur's Round Table. Tradition says that he was found exposed in a fishing weir by Prince Elphin, son of Gwyddno, and educated by him. He was the author of a great many poetical works, commemora- tive of the finding of himself by Elphin, the victories of Urien Reged, King of Cambria, the victories of Maelgwyn Gwynedd, and other pieces. The follow- ing prophecy relating to Welsh people has been ascribed to Taliesin, but erroneously as some authori- ties think — Their Lord they will praise, Their speech they will keep, Their land they will lose, Except wild Wales.
CRICCIETH. POSTAL INFORMATION. Delivery commences at 7.20a.m. and 6.15 p.m. and 10 a.m. on Sundays, Post closes for all parts of the Kingdom at 6.15 p.m.; for letters to be delivered in Criccieth alone up to 8 p.m. Post closes at 5.45 p.m. on Sundays. Telegraph office open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. on week days and from S a.m. to 10 a.m on Sun- days. Postmaster, Mr D. O. Price and sub-Post Office Marine Terrace, postmaster, Mr P. J. Bowen. Letter boxes other than at the offices close at 5.:30: Week days 5.20 Sundays. FISHING. In addition to fishing in the sea for mackerel, gurnet, &c., trout fishing may be had in the Dwyfawr and the Dwyfach, as well as in Cwmstrallyn Lake. Stations on the Dwyfawr may be reached by road at a distance of 1 and 1 miles and stations on the Dwyfach by 2 rail to Bynkir, Ynys, or Llangybi stations on the L. & N.W.R., via Afcnwen on the Cambrian line. The road to Cwmstrallyn Lake will be found indicated below. Licences may be obtained, and with the ex- ception of small reaches of streams, he waters are open to anglers. l A prominent feature in the physical aspect of Criceieth is the conical hill which rises abruptly from the sea shore, a position which in days of yore was utilized as the site of a castle of which the ruins now remain to add their quota to the charm of interest of the locality. Tne Castle may be reached from the station, and from the esplanade and lower parts of the town. The ruins are well preserved, and the grouuds are tastefully laid out and provided with seats. Every inch of the grounds commands a magnificent prospect. To the right, seawards, is the Carnarvon peninsular, with its elevations decreasing in height to the ex- tremity where Bardsey Island, the last long home of Biitidi saints, terminate the land; and to the left a pretty bay backed by the Harlech and Barmouth coast with the mountains which rise in picturesque con- fusion in the background. Among the mountains which may be seen from the Castle, and indeed from many parts of Criccieth itself, are Snowdon (3,571 feet) Cader Idris (2,914) Moel Hebog (2.850) Moelwyn (2,566) Y Eifl (1,866) and Garn Madryn above Pwll- heli (1,233). Like that cf Harlech, Criceieth Castle boasts of Blitish origin, having been built by Prince Llewellyn at the early part of the thirteenth century The conical hill to the west of the Castle, called Dinas or the city, appears to have been at one time fortified and to have been used as a sort of outwork to the Castle. WALKS. Leaving the Post Office, follow the Portmadoc road through the town, turn to the right opposite the new church, proceed under the railway, and on to the Esplanade, and along the beach to the Black Rock distant Ii mile. Before reaching the Black Rock is the Ogof-ddu, through four miles of which two pipers once upon a time, walked, emerging at Pennant at a place to this day called the Piper's Arms and, it is added, they not only found the place sufficiently ven- tilated, but had sufficient wind to play throughout their subterranean journey. On the Criccieth side of the Black Rock is a pebble beach, but on the other side a beach of fine sand stretches for miles. On this side, too. are several caves. The return journey may be made the same way. Again, leave the Post Office, but in this case take the road leading westward towards Pwllheli. Instead of turning off to the Railway Station continue along the main road until a highway to the left is seen. This leads over the railway on to the cliff's, and to the beach. Descend to the beach, and walk aloij, it or along the cliffs foi about two mdes to the mouth of the river Dwyfawr. Follow the river upwards for about ninety yards, piss through a gate which opens into a road, which follow, keeping to the lefc till it leads into the main road, which, to the right, leads back to Criecieth. Mynydd Ednyfed is a walk embracing many fine views. Leave tin. Post Office, go through the town, and turn off by the road leading past the parish church and the cemetery Go through the gate crossing the road and follow the road until a second gate is reached in froRt of a farm house. Go through the cate and ascend the hill, Mynydd Edynfed. taking care to keep on the pathway. Thi. eminence commands a magni- ficent panoiama, including the bay, the Snowdon and Cader Idris ranges. The pretty village of Llanystumdwy is the centre of another attractive walk. Leave Criccieth by the Pwll- heli road, and in about a mile Llanystumdwy church, river and bridge situated in a wooded hollow, are reached. The return journey may be made the same way or by turning to the right a few yards before reaching the bridge. The highway, after going uphill for a short distance, runs p&ralled with matin rDAd and eventually leads into it. Many ferns grow here' The complete circuit is about three miles. A walk, including attractions for the antiquarian as well of the sight-seer and the health-seeker, may be had by leaving Criccieth by the Carnarvon road. In about H mile the river Dwyfawr is reached cross the bridge 2 and pass the mill (a spot much-resorted to by artists') Follow the road until cross roads and then turn to the left and proceed down the hill to Llanystumdwy Church, and home along the main road. A little more than naif way between the bridge and the cross-road is a cromlech in a field to the right, lying about 300 yards from the road. A finer cromlech may be seen on Ystumcedig Farm, which can best be visited by following the Carnarvon road from Cricceith for about a mile, taking the second turning to the right, and by following the paths across the fields. By following the line uf telegraph poles eastward in 41 miles Portmadoc will be reached. The Harbour,slate wharves, and the embankment, which cost in making about a guinea an inch and reclaimed thousands of about a guinea an inch and reclaimed thousands of acres of land, may he inspected, and the return journey to Cricceith made by train. Trains leave for Cricceith nearly every hour after four o'clock. Before reaching Portmadoc, Tremadoe will be seen to be left. It Ins a tin- church, andin the neighbourhood Shelley once resided. He left because, as he wrote, he was shot at for his political sentiments, but it is just possible that his tailor was more pressing than polite. OUTINOS. Cwmxtmrfyn.— Proceed for about two mile, along the Portmadoc road, past Ystumllyn trees, until a second spot is reached where the road passes under trees A few yards down the hill, a road turns UD on the left, exactly opposite a small cottage, the gabfe end of which ahutts on the main road. Take this turning on the left, proceeding over a small wooden bridge, and follow the road past a chapel called Tabor." Keep on the road and cross a little railway (which comes down from an unused quarry situated beyond Cwmstrallyn.) Still follow the road until an old parish road crosses at the top. Turn on the right and follow the parish road for a few yards. Then take the fir.it turn on the left nnd follow the road until the main road is rea'cbed (Between Tabor Chapel and the main road last re- ferred to, the hill commands a glorious panorama- takiiig in Aloel y Gest, with the town of Portmadoc and Toy Railway and Embankment, part of Gli-lyii River Llyn Bach and Traeth Mavvr and Morfa Bychan at the base, with the Merionethshire range of mountains beyond. Tlieil turn to the left and proceed to Clen- enny, a house lying on the right hand side of the road Clcnenny was once the residence of Sir John Owen who, in the Civil Wars, was one of the staunchest Royalists of North Wales. He fought for the king with a pertinacity worthy of a better cause, and his unswerving fidelity brought him under the shadow of the scaffold. When condemned, he said, "I think it a great honour for a poor gentleman of Wales to lose his head with such noble lords. By God I was afraid they would have hanged me." He was, however, neither hanged nor executed. By the interest of Ire- ton, he was set at liberty after but a few months' im- prisonment. At Clenenny, turn to the right and follow the road (passing a very large building-once use for slate-cutting purposes) until the lake, Cwm- straliyu is seen, surrounded by hills, amongst which .Moel Hebog is prominent. Tho ascent of Moel Hebo* may be made from the lake. The distance to the lake is eix miles from Criccieth. The road may be con- tinued four or five miles on to Beddgelert, whence coach may be taken to Portmadoc, returning into Cric- ceith by train. 6 Pwllheli Nevin, and Poi-ima(loc. -Cambrian train may be taken to Pwllheli (the salt pool), which lies between eight and nine miles to the west of Criceieth. Then coach may be taken across the peninsula to Nevin, a drive of nine miles through pretty country. At Nevin. Edward 1.. in 1284, celebrated his conquest of Wales and a short dis- tance off is otigern s Valley, an immense hollow, where, it is said, he fled from the rage of hij sub- lh f transa(;t.lon of Hengist and Horsa, and that both he and his castle were consumed by lighting. The return may be made by coach and train. To the south lies Portmadoc, with its busy slate-shipping port. The toy railway to Festiniog commences here, and famed Pont Abergkwlyn is with- in four miles. Llanystumdway Church IS miles from Cricceith, English Service every Sunday at 11 15 a.m., Rev W. C. Edwards, M.A., Rector.
VISITING CARDS, NEATLY PRINTED FROM COPPER-PLATE ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE AT THE "CAMBRIAN NEWS" OFFICE, MILL STREET, ABERYSTWYTH.
ABERDOVEY. POSTAL INFORMATION. Week day deliveries commence at 8 a.m. and 6-30 p.m. Sundays at 10-10 a.m. only. Letter-box closes on week days at 8-20 a.m. and 5-40 p.m. Sundays, 5-40 p iii. Telegraph office open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Sunday from E to 10 a.m. Postmistress, Miss E. E. Bell. ENGLISH SERVICES. St. Peter's Church, Sunday at 11 a m and 7-30 p m during the season. Assembly Rooms, Presbyterian' Sunday at 11 a m and 6 p.m. THE LITERARY INSTITUTE. Reading room and library combined. Open from 10 a m to 10 p m. Books from the library are issued daily from 6 to 7 p ni. London aud Liverpool dailies and several illustrated weeklies, clinic and otherwise, are taken. Visitors' subscription, one shilling per mouth. For additional ioformation apply to the Librarian, Mr G. Williams, bookseller, or to Mrs Green (next door), caretaker. Subscriptions and donations received by Mr H. H. Clayton, hon. sec. The room was opened in 1882 and is carried on entirely by voluntary effort. CLIMATE. The air temperature of the place is mild, and even in winter rivals that of Torquay, as proved by observ- ations extending over twenty years made by Mr Alexander Buchan, F.R.S.E. It has a souther. aspect, and about three miles from the town myrtle grows in wild profusion. The prevailing winds in winter are from the north, and from these it is com- pletely sheltered by the high range of hills behind. These facts ought to recommend it as a winter resort for delicate people, especially those who suffer from weak chests. THE SANDS. The sands of Aberdovey have been long famous, and last year were brought into greater notoriety through being the subject of a picture by Mr Leader, the celebrated landscape painter. The sands are firm, extend over five or six miles in length, form a glorious promenade, and affcrd a perfectly safe carriage drive along the margin of the sea towards Towyn. They are also r.ch in shells and pebbles. BOATING. The estuary of the Dovey affords exceptiona facilities for boating, either with sail or by oar. At low water there is plenty of room for sailing or rowing and at high water during spring tidt-s there is a flwt iiiieet of water covering an area of six square miles, resembling a loch more than a river. Boats can 1M taken up to Glandovey and return at four hours' ebb. The scenery up the river is sublime, and on a fine moonlight night when the tide is high the view of the estuary from the parade is magnificent. The boatmen are all sailors and can be safely trusted by their employers. Boats are hired by the kour and also by the week. WALKS AND OUTINGS. PENYRHORON.—This is a high hill opposite the rail- way station. From the top a tine view will be obtained •f the estuary, Corsfochno, Borth, and also the body of the town of Aberdovey will be &een nestling in the valley below. The road that leads up to the summit commences at the end of the wooden palings to the Jesuit College or Aberdovey Hall. THK HArrr V ALLEY.-Take the narrow lane left of the Church, turn to the right, and at the next turning to the left. Follow this road (Bryndovey Road) to the top of the range, passing Erw (an empty farm- house) and Bwlchgwyn farms. On the tup the road goes through some fields and a gate go to the edge of the hill, take the road that slopes down to the right and this will lead you to Dyffryn- gwyn farmhouse, in the middle of the valley. Visit the little cliap-I and graveyard, where lies buried Dr Pughe. the celebrated Welsh scholar and botanist. The valley can also be reached by the Towyn Road, tumin up the first valley past the Cemetery, or it can be done by a circular drive of 16 miles. THE BEARDED LAKE, HOOF, AND ECHO.—Follow Bryndovey Road (see above) until you pass through the gate above Erw farmhouse, take the road to the right, follow this until you pass over the range con- tinue eastward, and presently you pass through a gate then the road becomes rather indistinct, but make for a couple of gate-posts on the edge of the hill short distance before you. From here and onward you have a charming panoramic view of the Happy Valley and here also Staghorn moss can be bad on the brow of the hill. Follow the road until you come to Bwlch Cottage, ascend to the right, and shortly the load will foliovr a stone wall; when this comes^ to an angle you will find King Arrhur's Horse's Hoof in the rock on the left a few yards farther on. The road here descends when it becomes level turn sharp to the left, pass through some rushes, discover an old road, follow it and soon you will find yourself close to the Bearded Lake. Pass by the right end of the lake, ascend north easterly, proceed on the top keeping the cairu of stones on your left, and presently you will be facing a dry bog and a precipitous rock. Shout across the bog and you will discover a remark- able eclio. Return to Bwlch, and ask for the road down to the highway to Aberdovey or retrace your steps the way you came. Another way to the lake is to walk or drive along the Machynlleth Road to Morfa Bach. The above is the most picturesque. PENNAL.—Pennal is a picturesque village six miles distant on the road to Machynlleth. It can be done by driving or walking. If the latter, continue your walk to Machynlleth (4 miles) and return by train; if the former put up your vehicle at Flag Inn, and walk the road past Pennal Towers or the road past Cefn Caer, or ascend the Ffridel (the side of a hill) the entrance to which you find close to the Vicarage if you do the latter on a fine clear day you will pronounce the picture set before you to be lovely. PENRHYN POINT, SANDS AND BORTH.-Cross the river with the ferry-boat at low water ascend the refuge, stroll seaward on the sands, walk to Borth along the seashore, and return by train or spend the time on the sands and in the sandhills, and return bv ferry. If the latter, ask the ferryman when to re- turn. LLYVNANT V ALLEY.-Take the train to Glandovey, ascend the valley,pass Glasbwll hamlet (21 miles).view the Waterfalls (iwo), return to Glasbwll," and thence to Machynlleth. Or, take the train to Machynlleth ask for the road to the Llyfnant Valley see the Waterfalls, and descend to Glandovey. If preferable you can hire a conveyance at Machynlleth to drive you above Glasbwll. The Llyfnant can aliio be reached by boat to Glandovey. Tea or coffee can be had at Glas- bwll. FURXACB VALLBT AND WATBRYALL.-This pictu- resque valley is situated about a mile and a quarter from Glandovey on the road to Aberystwyth. Take the trun or boat to Glandovey, walk along the Aber- ystwyth Road, passing Glmdyfi Castle and the village of Eglwysfach shortly after leaving the latter place- you come to a bridge crossing the river Einon that flows through the valley from here view the water- fall. A few yards farther on you will find, on the left, the entrance to the road that leads up the valley- ascend two or three miles and return. From Blaen- einion farmhouse, at the top of the valley, road leads over the hills to Glasbwll in the Llyfnallt Valley. CORRIS Vit.LIV AND TALYLLYN LAKI.—Go by train to Machynlleth, thence by the narrow-gauge line to Corris, and by coach from Corris to Talyllyn. Walk from the latter place to Abergyuolwyn (3 miles) in time for the train to Towyn. This outing can also be done vice versa. THE PHARDRI) LAKt LEGEND. In remote times the Bearded Lake or Llyn Barfee was al popular resort of Gwragedd Aunwn, Dames of Elfin Land, and at eventide they were in the habit of airing themselves, their dogs, and their kine, on its banks. But they had only been seen by the favoured few, until an ancient farmer, still more favoured, managed to capture one of the csws. Y Fuwch Gyteiliorn, or Stray Cow, soon became famous and her progeny-for she was not all angelic-grew famous too. Hei- lucky owner became the most opulent man between the banks of the Dovey and the Mawddach his calves, his milk, his butter, and his cheese were such that no other farmer could produce, when he committed a terrible mistake, the like of which has since ben repea,ted--wJwu the tailor killed the gocse that laid the golden eggs. The cow grew old but was still profitable, for earthly cattle when they arrive at a certiinage, are generally fattened for the butcher, and our old farmer, u hose reasoning powers were limited, brought earthly usages to her in the treatment of ?Jheaveidy b ast. The fattening process 11 began, and the cow did not b lie her reputation, for never did the butcher lift his knife to strike into such a huge mass of magnificent beef. His hand A as raised but before it fell all power went out nf it, and the knife dropped harmless to the ground. A piercing cry rent the air, and, looking up, the butcher and the farmer beheld one of the Ladies of the Lake on the mountain crag, demanding the elfin cow to leave the earth, where she had been so gro-sly insulted The cow obeyed, and in so doing exercised a similar power to that of the Pied Pipes of Hamelin, for she was followed by the whole progeny, to the third and fourth generation, all of which went with theii .i.estov into the bosom of Llyn Barfog. ;tt'