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(Idubcntng. "r'J,r-J'-J- If any reader who is in difficulty wita reference to his y;arlen, will write direct to the ad- dress given beius th, his queries will be an. swered, free of charge, and by return of post. —EDITOR] Some correspondents omit to add their names, J or merely end with initifils. In these cases it is obviously impossible to reply.—E.K.T. ► THE VEGETABLE GARDEN IN MARCH. GENERAL. Finish digging and cleaning spare plots, and 'prepare good seed beds. Admit as much air to frame crops as is consistent with safety, and lIlake up what new hot-beds are required. Turn the manure two or hree times, sprinkling it with water occasionally, preparatory to form ing the beds, which should be allowed to settle down naturally. Cover with frames, and after a few days with a foot of light, rich soil. When excess of heat has passed away the bed will be ready for sowing. Examine early crops, and repair any losses due to frost or inclement weather. Towards the end of the month most vegetable seeds may be sown on the open border, provided the soil be dry. GLOBE ARTICHOKES. When danger from frost, is past remove the protecting material from beds. Sow under glass or in the open this or next month, and cover with two inches of good soil. The seed- lings must be put out in May, 3 feet apart, in rows from 3 to 4 feet asunder. JERUSALEM ARTICHOKES. Fork over the beds, and dibble in medium- sized tubers from 4 to 6 inches deep in rows 2 or 3 feet asunder, the sets being placed from 15 to 18 inches apart in the lines. The plant succeeds anywhere, and so is specially useful for filling up odd corners, which would not otherwise be cropped. ASPARAGUS. Keep the beds free from weeds, and prepare fresh ground for sowing ia April. Deep, rich, sandy, well dressed, and thoroughly drained soils are best, and an open situation should be chosen. The surface must be left as rough as possible until seed-time. If the soil be shallow or the subsoil poor, excavate a hole, and fill it with a mixture of good loam, sand, leaf-mould, lime rubbish, and scrapings. BROAD BEANS. Plant out from frames, and earth up early crops. Make main and late sowings three or four inches deep in double rows three feet asunder, placing the two lines forming each double row nine inches distant from one an. other arranging the seeds about seven inches apart, for the plants to come alternately. BROCCOLI. Sow in the open ground in fresh, sweet, well dug soil, in open situations. It is most essential that a good seed bed be prepared, though it need not be too rich Get the seeds in half-an- inch deep in drills ten inches apart, and net the seed-bed as a protection against birds. BRUSSELS SPROUTS. Sow now in a cold frame on a warm border in shallow drills 12 inches apart, and prick out the seedlings from frame sowings six inches apart into open beds directly they have made half-a-dozen leaves, earthing them up when they are of good size. CABBAGES. Sow early kinds and a few Coleworts in the open towards the end of March, to come into use from July till November, using an ounce of seed to eight square yards of seed-bed, and covering it with half-an-inch of fine soil. Prick out the seedlings from frame sowings into other frames, give free ventilation, and transplant to the open later in the season, with as large a ball of earth as possible attached to the roots. Do not allow the plants to become crowded or drawn. All planting should be done as far as possible during showery weather, and it is well to dip each root into a puddle composed of soot, lime, and clay. When rain cannot be waited for, draw shallow drills, soak them with water overnight, and immediately lightly mulch them with short manure. CARROTS. Choose a warm and dry soil, and make a small sowing for the earliest out-door crop at the end of the month, in drills from eight to 12 inches apart, using an ounce of seed, mixed with dry sand or earth, to a row of 60 feet, and covering it with IT inch of fine soil. This sow. ing may require protection with mats from frost. Weed the crop as soon as the rows can be seen, and thin out the seedlings to several inches apart. During showery weather thin out a second time, finally leaving the roots to mature at from four to 12 inches asunder in the rows, according to size. The young carrots from this second thinning make a delicate dish. Rigorously destroy weeds.. CAULIFLOWEES. Prepare plots for planting out cauliflowers. A light, rich soil is essential, and it must be thoroughly and deeply broken up. The land jpust be generously treated if good results are "desired, and since the crop is justly one of the most esteemed, plantings should be made in the very best soil possible. CELERY. Sow now in pans or boxes in a house or on a very gentle hoo-bed, and about the middle or end of April on the open border, covering the seed very lightly. As the seedlings of early sowings successively become about two inches high, prick them out four inches apart close to the glass in boxes in a frame, or six inches asunder in a prepared border under handlights. Shade for a few days, keep the bed moist, and gradually admit air until it be safe to remove the lights during the day. The earliesc of these plants will be fit to move into trenches in May. I CHIVES. The leaves of chives are used as a mild sub stitute for onions. The tufts may now be raised, divided, and replanted where the crop has not been previously grown for some time. CUCUMBER. Early in March prepare a heap of manure, Providing 2 and 4 loads for 1 and 2 light frames respectively. At intervals of from 7 to 10 days turn it, and towards the end of the month build it up into a suitable, tolerably firm bed, and cover it with a frame. After about a week, add a layer of from 7 to 9 inches of soil, and plant out dwarf, strong, and thrifty seed- lings in the middle of April. Shade the plants until established, gradually increasing the amount of light and air. Preserve a day tem- perature of 80 degrees, increasing to 90 degrees In hot weather, and a night heat of 60 degrees. ow the seeds 2 inches deep a month before they are required, in pots or pans of light, rich, turfy loam on a hot-bed or in a sunny corner of the greenhouse. In the latter case the pots or pans must be covered with sheets of glass until germination be accomplished. HERBS. Many perennial herbs can now be divided and replanted, and it is perhaps the best time in the year to repair deficiencies in the herb garden. KOHL RABI. When properly cooked, kohl rabi roots are superior to turnips. Well tilled, heavy soils tn *5es';» 8 ground being prepared as for Sow from towards the end of March June, inclusive, and thm out the seedlings to • «wo or three inches apart directly they are »rge enough to handle, planting out all thin- ,rtizkgs shall,Iy a foot apart, in rows li feet ELBIliider. A few roots may be left at suitable apa,rt fc0 mature in the seed-bed,/but a o»f fn r?,U8t either be drawn or again thinned mai« A a"0w room for the leaves of the re- car»fniir to j 8Pread without touching. Hoe "wah«»« a? regularly between the crops, and er carefully after transplanting. Tl LEEKS. aoagh profitable even in poor soil, a rich loam is most desirable for leek culture. If the ground be very damp, prepare raised beds, and if, on the contrary, it be light, trenches must be made, as for celery, Large roots can only be grown in very richly dunked soil, and occasional dressings of weak liquid manure rijay advantageously be poured between the rows from time to time. Sow during March, and for succession in April, one ounce of seed to two square yards of firm bed, and cover it with halr-an inch of fine soil. Begin to thin out the seedlings when they are five or six inches high. and after slightly shortening the leaves, plant them with a dibbler from eight to nine inches apart, as deeply as the base of the leaves, in well watered beds or trenches. Fur- ther thinnings will provide successional crops, a few plants being left to mature in the seed bed. Use the hoe occasionally, and water generously. The produce will be fit for use from September onwards, and when properly stewed there are few vegetables that compare with this in flavour and wholesomeness, none that excel it. LETTUCE. Immediately before sowing place a layer of fresh or green manure nine inches under the surface. The main sowings for summer use should be made in drills an inch deep and a foot apart, using an ounce of seed to four square yards of prepared seed bed from March until the end of June. Thin out early, to prevent crowding, eventually placing the plant 12 inches distant from one another. In summer it is generally advisable to transplant with a trowel. Lettuce is without exception the most whole- some and elegant of saladings, and at the same time it is probably the simplest to grow to per- fection. ONIONS. Any firm, deeply worked and well pulverised soil, in an open situation, will do, though rich loams are to be preferred for this crop. If only light and porous land be available, it must be firmly trodden down at seed time. The beds should be prepared as long beforehand as possible, those for spring sowings being left rough through the winter. Select a poor, firm soil for pickling onions. When levelling down, preparatory to sowing, give a sufficient sprink- ling of mixed soot and salt, to just colour the SUI face of the bed. Select a day when the sur- face soil is almost dry, and sow in drills from six to 12 inches asunder, according to the vigour of the variety, one ounce of seed to three square yards. Cover with half-an-inch of fine soil; tread lightly over the drills touch the surface with a rake and firm the bed down all over with the back of a spade, provided the soil be dry. E. KEMP TOOGOOD, F.R.H.S., ':G pro Toogood and Sons, The Royal Seed Establishment, Southampton.

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