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APRIL. <> principal work of th".Inonth, exclusive of (owing will consist of unremitting hoeing to keep down the weed-, and of thinning out seedlings to admit plenty of light an. air. In the vegetable garden, sOvlingH of lung■ stand- ings spinach must be ruace in rich, cool soil. Good breadths of turnips should he sown for ari(i growing crops require thinning out aad-hoeing. Examine the onion beds, and repair 1 at once before the hot summer days S,ow a. silvl, at i, tin. Sow a silver-skinned pickling variety very tirrn, poor ground and JettueyoHEg plant grow close together to prevect their attaining fco too gre;,t size. The seeds of nearly all herbs will gt-rminate -freely now in the open border, a d Alri js, indeed, the best time of the year for sowing them. PHm out lettuces from frames, j<ai s. &c., and gChV quick growing kinds in abundance. It is best to choose those kinds which do DoL need .tying, as the risk of their rotting is so much kge. The weather is becoming settled, and it is therefore time to get in the main crop of ca-rrots, selecting land which is free from re- cently applied manure. Make provision ior a goos succession of early broccoli by sowing- several varieties in good seed-beds. The main ci-op Of Brussels sprouts must 'e sown without 'V< in the richest ground that can be spared. ALow plenty of room right from the start. Put out cabbages from the seed beds as soon as they become large enough to handle. Choose overcast days for the operation and dip the roots of each plant into a puddle marie from time, soot, clay, and w; t- r From present sowings a good supply of large heads will be obtained in autumn, ano plenty of smaller pi im? w-11 be at hand to lil] spare corners. { i1) t out in showery weather, and U "re is any risk of frost, cover ench plant will an inverted flowerpot. Make fuither v v jTiys, and be careful to prick out the seed- lings very early, or they will form email button-like knobs. For those who have not sint ihle glass conveniences this s just the best time to sow celery seeds on a border, consisting ah,s"ot entirely of rotten manure. Pr ck out the seedlings from pans into warm corners,and see thftt they suffer no check from frost or lack 01 food and water. The most desirable kinds of peas for present sowings are bhe second early varieties. They will do best in very richly dressed ground. Early in June vegetable mar- row plants will be required to plant out. and the seeds should be started now in pots in moderate heat only. Artichoke suckers and asparagus plants must be got in at once, if new plantations are desired. Quite at the end of the month, beet and kidney bean seeds may be fs. but it is perhaps best to wait until the lining of May. In the flower garden the seeds of all hardy annuals that were Mot sown d'lring March may be startv d in the first fort- niglit of this moth);tnd it, will he sale after then to sow those of half h;i,r(ly annuals in the open air. Prick off aster seedlings as they at- M'.iH the third leaf, and transfer them in a. short time to small pots, whence they may be put out in the open border. Sow in shallow drills in the open, and if the plants are thinned out early, very good results will he secured. Car- nations may be raised from seed any time now. Sow in,pots of turfy loam, with a smaii admix- ture of leaf mould, and cow manure, and after covering the seeds very thinly, place in a frame. Move lobelia seedlings to boxes, and carefully pick off every flower-hud that appears before the plants are in their final positions in the open ground. Prick out young stocks three or four inches apart, and keep them close to the glass to preserve a stocky growth, Seed can be sown at the end of the month in the open border in rich, finely worked beds. It is be*" to sow in drills some twelve, inches asunder. Sow sunflower seeds in rich soil, where the plants are to bloom, and afford abundant water in dry seasons.. Zinnias can be easily raised in a compost of leaf-mould, loam. and sand in a temperature of about 60 degrees. When the seedlings are large enough to move, that is to say, when about an inch high, pot them sepa- rately, and place them in a .shaded frame for a time. Sow pansy and viola seeds thinly in pans or boxes, and pack off the young ^plants pre- vious, to putting them in a, sheltered corner un- til they are large enough to plant out. Make successional sowings of mignonette, and start marigold seeds in a cold, frame Renovate patchy and worn-out lawns by sowing seeds on tliiri layer of rich soil, which has been well brushed into the old turf. Complete the grafting of ornamental trees, and finhh layering deci- duous trees and evergreens. The sees of trees, biennial and hardy pei eiurial flowers, and orna- mental shrubs should be sown any time now, either in the open or under glass. About the second week of the month will be soon enough to prune tea roses. Suckers must be removed systematically, or they will become very trou- blesome. Seek out and destroy rose grubs, which are easily detected by the appearance of the young shoots and leaves. See that a hard, crust does not form over the surface of the beds as it is rather apt to do at this time of the year. A small push-hoe is the best remedy. Thin out the pushing buds of hardy perennial roses which have been pruned, and see that all. the shoots left are free from insect attack. E. KEMP TooGOOD, F.B.E.S., pro Toogood and Sons, The Royal Seed Establishment. Southampton.