RU T H I N. TOWN COUNCIL. The monthly meeting of the Council was held on Monday, the Mayor (Mr. Ezra Roberts) pre- siding. The other members present were Alder- men R. P. Davies and T. P. Roberts, Coun- cillors John Roberts, T. J. Rouw, J. Medwyn Hughes, Thomas Williams, Francis Dowell, William Jones, T. J. Roberts, and William Williams, with the Town Clerk (Mr. William Lloyd), the Borough Treasurer (Mr. C. E. Jones), the Borough Surveyor (Mr. Pryce Morris), and the Inspector (Mr. John Morris). MR. ROUW AND THE ABOLITION OF TOLLS. The minutes of the last meeting having been read, Mr. Rouw called attention to the fact that it was reported in the minutes that he intended to move a resolution at the present meeting in favour of abolishing the tolls. That was not quite correct, as he was against their abolition. He simply gave notice to bring the question forward. The Mayor I understood you were taking up the motion in the hands of Mr. Byford, which he was disqualified from moving. Of course, you are at liberty to move or vote on the question as you think fit. The minutes were then agreed to. THE FIRE ENGINE. Mr. R. P. Davies asked how long the Fire Engine would be absent ? It might be a serious thing for the town if a fire occurred in the meantime. The Mayor said Captain Rouw told the Coun- cil at its last meetingj that he was making ar- rangements to procure another engine during the absence of their own. Mr. Rouw said he did not exactly say that, but that arrangements would be made for the protection of the town. The brigade had fitted up the engine at the Castle, which would an- swer the purpose. Mr. John Roberts pointed out that there was a very efficient engine in case of emergency at the works of Messrs. Ellis and Son. Mr. Rouw Pardon me, Sir, they have no en- giae. They have a reel carb and several lengths of hose, and we have that ourselves. Mr. John Roberts: They competed with the Fire Brigade very successfully on sevaral occa- sions. The subject then dropped. THE LATE MR. ALSTON. Mrs. Alston, of Plas Newydd, wrote on be- half of herself and her family to express their thanks for and appreciation of the vote of con- dolence passed by the Council on the death of her late husband, Councillor Alston. THE FAMINE FUND. The Mayor said the Indian Famine Fund was not yet complete, but the efforts made to collect subscriptions had so far been very suc- cessful. Mr. Rouw said he was pleased to state that the subscriptions now exceeded £ 50. It was proposed to make. a house to house collection during the week. STORAGE OF CARTS. It was decided to take at an annual rental of £ 10 a stable, shed, and croft, at the bottom of Prior Street, for the storage of carts, and other purposes. MAIN ROADS. The Town Clerk announced that the Main Roads question had now been finally settled, and that he had received the agreement. PRESENTATION TO THE HIGH SHERIFF. The Mayor, referring to the proposed presen- tation of a congratulatory address to the High Sheriff (Mr. E. O. V. Lloyd) said the latter gen- tleman called with him one day stating he would be glad to accept the presentation, but wished to have it deferred for a little longer, the time to be fixed hereafter. He (the Mayor) told Mr. Lloyd that the Council would no doubt be agreeable to abide by his wish in the matter. SWINE FEVER. The Town Clerk said he had wribten to the Board of Agriculture asking them to take into consideration the great hardship imposed upon the Ruthin Petty Sessional division through the Swine Fever Order, and expressing a hope that the division would be exempted for the March Fair. He had received a reply, dated February 22nd, to the effect that inasmuch as there was reason to believe that the disease had not yet been stamped out of the district, the Board would not be justified in with- drawing the order for the present time. FINANCIAL. The Mayor, in dealing with the financial posi- tion of the Council, said that 9520 14s. 3d. were paid during the month, which was the heaviest payment made for a long time. That day bills amounting to £ 47 5s. Sd. were presented for payment, and this with an over-draft of 1:43 8s. 5d. made their liabilities £90 14s. Id. They had paid out of the General Fund in anticipa- tion of the loan about f,200, so that, when the loan came to hand, the £200 would revert to the fund. These figures showed a very healthy state of affairs. In addition to this, the Col- lects reported that the outstanding rates amounted to f,144 7s. 2d., but about half this would be lost in consequence of vacancies, &c., so that they could not count upon receiving more than £60 or £ 70 from the rates. On the motion of Mr. R. P. Davies, seconded by Mr. Rouw, it was decided to call in all bills for the current year before the 25th of March, ia order to start the new year wifh a clean sheet. MEDICAL OFFICER'S REPORT. Dr. W. C. Jones, who had been called away to the country, wrote stating that the condi- tion of the town as regards infectious diseases was satisfactory. Mr. John Roberts asked when was the annual report of the Medical Officer likely to be sub- mitted to the Council ? The Mayor asked the Town Clerk whether he could answer the question ? Dr. Hughes said Medical Officers were al- lowed up to the end of March before presenting their annual reports, and no doubt Dr. Jones Would see that his report would be ^submitted before that date. The Town Clerk said Dr. Jones called at his office and informed his clerk that the report would be presented by the end of the present Week. Mr. John Roberts: As the end of the year will have occurred before we meet again, I think it should have been presented here to- day. The Mayor said a special meeting of the Council would be held during this month to insider the rate, and that the report could be received then. It was ultimately decided to leave the matter calling a special meeting to the Mayor and "own Clerk, and it was understood that the fnoual report of the Medical Officer will then be considered. A 'MYSTERY.' The Inspector, in his monthly report, stated ^at the cellar of the Machine Inn was occasion- ally flooded to the depth of seveial inches, but Jhat every endeavour to find out the cause of nuisance had resulted in failure. Coloured fatter had been put through all the sewers drains in the immediate vicinity, but none found its way to the cellar. jv -Dr. Hughes said this was a very serious case. eath from typhoid fever had occurred within short distance of this house, and a case of »j?ry suspicious sore throat had al$o taken j^ace in the neighbourhood. He had been told aj *?.e tenant that the smell in the cellar was in + mes very offensive. He had been called ? attend cases of illness in the place, which 8; "ena,nt thought might be due to the offen- cano 8^e^* any rate, it was enough to K disease, and every effort should be made abate the nuisance without loss of time, afraid Inspector said that Mrs. Davies was Q lor the health of her children and herself. cauJj Roberts asked whether it was ThtiHF sfcructural defects in the cellar ? 8a^ officer had failed to find waere the water came from. The question for them now was whether they would instruct the Surveyor and the Inspector to find out the cause of the nuisance with the aid of the Cor- poration workmen. The nuisance should at once be removed. Dr. Hughes: Have we the right to charge the owner for the work? The Mayor replied that if it was found out that the defect lay in a Corporation drain, the Council of course would have to meet the ex- pense, but if it was the result of structural de- fect and was in the house or cellar, the owner would be responsible. Dr. Hughes moved that the matter be pro- ceeded with forthwith. Mr. T. P. Roberts seconded, and it was car- ried. CAPES FOR CORPORATION MEN. The Surveyor said he had made inquries as to whether waterproof capes, &c., were supplied to Corporation men in other towns. Mr. Adams, the District Surveyor of the County, replied that the men under his charge in the mountain- ous districts, were supplied with oilskin capes, 7s. 6d. each. At Rhyl and Chester, the men were also supplied, but were not at Wrexham. He (the Surveyor) had also applied to several local drapers for tenders, but Mr. Atkinson was the only one that had supplied samples with his tender. Mr. William Jones suggested that the matter be deferred in order to give all the drapers an- other opportunity of sending in their tenders, &c. Mr. R. P. Davies proposed that oilskin capes only be supplied to the men, such capes to cost 7s. 6d. each, and to be of the same description as those supplied to their men by the county. Mi. William Jones seconded. Mr. John Roberts moved, as an amendment, that the tenders already received be opened. It was decided, however, to defer the ques- tion in order to receive further tenders. THE QUESTION OF TEAM LABOUR. The Surveyor pointed out that the contract for team labour was about to expire, and sug- gested that if the Corporation bought a horse and cart for their own use, it would mean a great saving in the course of a year. The Mayor said this was an important ques- tion for the Council. The expenditure on team labour now came to about jE92 per annum, whereas the figures made out by the Surveyor showed that a horse and cart could be main- tained at a much less cost. A horse could be kept at 12s. a week, which would come to JE31 per annum the wear and tear of the harness, &c., had been put down at 2s. per week, or £10 8s. per annum the employment of an extra man from November 1st to March 1st, at 13s. a week would amount to E14 8s., making a grand total of f56 2s. as against the JE92 now paid. Mr. Dowell asked whether one horse and cart would be enough ? Two or three horses were some time engaged within the Borough. The Surveyor said that if the Corporation had a horse of their own, they could easily arrange for the cartage of stones to the roadsides dur- ing the summer months. The extra cartage done by the present contractor was very small. Dr. Hughes said that horses sometimes felt inclined to die (laughter), and this was an emer- gency which they should take into considera- tion. If the horse died, that would entirely upset the calculation put forward by the Sur- veyor (laughter). Mr. R. P. Davies said this question had been considered before, and it had always been de- cided against the purchase of a horse. More- over, it would be a very objectionable thing, in his opinion, to cart stones to the roadside when they were not wanted. They were thrown into people's fields, and scattered everywhere. Taking all things into consideration, he was forced to the conclusion that it would be better to contract for team labour as heretofore. The Mayor pointed out that the figures given included the keep of the horse for a whole year, and not merely the time during which it was at work. Mr. T. P. Roberts said the initial expense of buying the horse, the cart, the harness, &c., would be very great. This had not been calcu- lated. Mr. Thomas Williams said that he had gone carefully into this matter, and found that a horse and cart, with a man to look after them, could not possibly cost less than £94 a year. Dr. Hughes was in favour of adhering to the present system. Mr. T. P. Roberts proposed that tenders be invited as heretofore. Mr. R. P. Davies seconded, and it was car- ried. A WATER CART WANTED. THE WATER SUPPLY. The Surveyor advised the purchasing of a water cart, at the same time stating that the wat6r supply was insufficient to meet the com- fort of the borough. He also suggested the fixing of a standpipe on the Square for the use of the top of the town, and that water be sup- plied to Mwrog Street, Borthyn, and Park Road. Mr. John Roberts asked what practical use a standpipe would be when there was no water for domestic purposes? It would be no use going to the expense of putting up a standpipe as suggested. It was left to the Mayor and Surveyor to in quire, and to make a suggestion. APPLICATION BY THE CORPORATION MEN. The Surveyor said that he had received an application from the men under his charge to leave off work at one o'clock on Saturdays. Mr. T. P. Roberts thought the application should be granted. All other labourers in the town left off at one o'clock, and it would be cruel for the Council to refuse the application (hear, hear). The Mayor said some arrangements should be made to have the town swept in order to have it clean for Sunday. This would have to be done, and it was a question whether the men would do the work every other, and to be paid extra for it. Mr. T. Roberts said that could easily be left to the Surveyor. Mr. John Roberts said the application was so very reasonable that he would suppoit it. The men were prepared to start work an hour earlier on Monday morning, and to work through the dinner hour on Saturday. The ap- plication was certainly a very reasonable one, and should not be refused. The Mayor then read the application. The men-eight in number—stated their willingness to start work at 6 a.m. on Monday, so that if their request was granted, it would only mean one hour less in their time. Mr. T. J. Roberts, in supporting the applica- tion, said the Council should not only be model landlords, but model employers also. Mr. Rouw said any question of detail such as the sweeping of the streets, should be left to the Surveyor, and the men, no doubt, would be glad to meet his wishes. A resolution to the following effect was then agreed to :—' That the application be granted, and that the arrangements as to the sweeping of the streets on Saturday afternoon be left in the hands of the Surveyor.' THE FIRE BRIGADE. The annual report of the Fire Brigade was presented, and Mr. John Roberts said it could not be considered, under the standing orders, as it was not mentioned in the agenda, but the Mayor ruled that it could bel presented. Mr. Roberts then moved that it be presented at the next meeting, after a copy had been sent out to each member. Mr. Rouw said he would also send copies to those who had subscribed to the funds. At the present time the brigade was practically not one penny piece in debt. Mr. R. P. Davies said they would be treating the officers most shabily if they did not hear the report, and the report was then read as follows :— CHIEF OFFICER'S REPORT, For the Year ending December 31st, 1896. To the Mayor and Corporation ot Ruthin. GENTLEMEN, I have the honour to present the Report of the Brigade for the year ending December 31st, 1896. i Five calls to fire were received during the year:—Four within the Borough, and one in the outlying district. The total loss and esti- mated property at risk is shown in Table C. The Brigade attended the May Day Proces- sion at Denbigh, winning the first prizes for the best Four-in-hand and best Exhibit in the Procession. A Team of men also attended the International Fire Tournament at the Royal Agricultural Hall, London, in June last, and gave some exhibitions of Life Saving. For these services the Brigade received two Diplo- mas. The attendance at Drill has been very satis- factory. I have arranged for the complete overhauling of the Manual, the cost of which will be de- frayed from the proceeds of a Sale of Work and by Subscriptions. The thanks of the Brigade are due to those who have so generously contributed to the Funds during the past year. Statements of Receipts and Expenditure for the past year are ap, 'ied (Table A. and B.). I am, Gentlemen, Your obedient Servant, THOEDORE Rouw, Chief Officer. Mr. R. P. Davies moved that the best thanks of the Council be presented to the valuable officers of the brigade for their excellent ser- vices during he past year, and he was sure it was by their diligence and great assiduity that the brigade had been brought to its present high state of efficiency. The services of the officers and men were honorary, and the least the Council could do was to express their apprecia- tion of them. Dr. Hughes: I have great pleasure in secon- ding that proposal, and I hope they will carry on their benevolent work for ever, for reasons which I need not explain (loud laughter). The Mayor, when the laughter had subsided, said, in his opinion, the motion was a very pro- per one indeed, especially in so far as it re- ferred to the captain, who took a great deal of trouble, and it was no doubt largely owing to his individual skill and diligence that the bri- gade had got to its present high efficiency. Mr Roberts I have great pleasure in sup- porting, especially the latter part of what Dr. Hughes said (laughter). The motion was carried. TOLLS. On the paper appeared a notice in the name of Councillor Rouw, in favour of the total abolition of the tolls upon horses, cattle, and pigs. The Mayor said the question was postponed because they did not know what their powers were under the Charter. They had got the Charter, but it was in meditval Latin, and full of contractions, and it had been given to the Rev. J. Fisher to translate. Until they had the Charter translated, they would not know their position upon the matter. Mr. John Roberts asked if the reason for the postponement of the proposition was,'ttiat it was originally in the hands of a member who had no power to move it ? The Mayor said that was the case, but the original reason for postponing the matter was the uncertainty of their position under the charter. Mr. T. P. Roberts said that when the ques- tion was put he did not think they would find two members who would support it. It was the opinion of the town that they had ne right to do anything of the kind, and the best plan was to take the vote of the Council and let the matter drop (hear, hear). Mr. Rouw said he would formally move the resolution, but he should vote against it, for he was not for abolishing the tolls, and at the last meeting, when he undertook to bring the ques- tion forward, he only did so in order that the member who was not in order might have it discussed. They had privileges which were possessed by few other towns in Wales, andthey should retain them as long as they could, and, moreover, he did not believe that the abolition of the tolls would affect the fairs a bit (hear, hear). Mr. T. J. Roberts seconded the motion, with the same notification that he would vote against it. After some words by Mr. R. P. Davies, Mr. John Roberts moved, as an amendment, that tenders be invited for the farming of the tolls during the financial year of 1897 and 1898, such tenders to be submitted to the Council at a special meeting, the highest or any other tender not necessarily to be accepted, and the person or persons whose tender may be accepted to enter into a contract to pay the amount by 12 monthly instalments, and to give satisfac- tory security for its due performance; also, that one month's notice be given to Mr. G. F. Byford to determine the contract entered into with him for the acceptance of a lump sum in lieu of the tolls levied upon the animals ex- hibited at his auction mart. He had been for a considerable time in favour of the farming of the tolls. He was not at all satisfied that such an amount of supervision was exercised over the collection of the tolls as would be exercised if they were farmed, and he mentioned an in- stance which came under his notice the pre. vious week, where some fowls were sold in Castle Street, and when he went to the collec- tor at the market he found that the toll upon those cattle had not been paid. The collector as soon as he could went to the place and col- lected the toll. He was of opinion that a great many fowls, and other articles, upon which toll should be paid, were sold upon the confines of the borough, and that the tolls were thus evaded. The adoption of the amendment would not bind them to accept a tender, but if they got a tender which was satisfactory they could accept it. and if not they could go on as be- fore. Mr. Rouw seconded the amendment with very great pleasure. The Mayor You are the mover of the resolu- tion (laughter). Mr. Rouw: Well, I can vote for it anyhow. Mr. Thomas Williams said he would second it. It was only changing to their old practice. The Council divided, and there were eight for the amendment, and none against. for the amendment, and none against. Mr. R. P. Davies: I wish it to be understood I that I do not vote for it. Mr. John Roberts Not as against the mo- tion ? The substantive motion, in favour of asking for tenders for the farming of the tolls was then put, and was carried by six votes, Alder- man Davies voting against it. Mr. R. P. Davies said that the Council had lost money before by the farming of the tolls, and the present system worked satisfactorily. Mr. John Roberts said he had guarded against any further loss. The losses they had sustained had been through the want of supervision of the thenjmembers of the Council. POSTAL FACILITIES. Mr. Rouw said the Council had received a request from the Town Council of Flint that they should join with that place in a petition to the Postmaster General in favour of the mail train stopping at Flint at a certain fixed hour. It would be much more to the advantage of Ruthin if they asked the Postmaster General to have the mails from Ruthin conveyed by train, and not by coach as at present, and he moved that a petition be sent to the Postmaster Gen- eral to that effect, on the understanding that the mails should be received earlier and des- patched later than at present. Mr. Dowell seconded, but he also made the suggestion to Mr. Rouw that he should include in his motion that the Sunday delivery of let- ters be done away with. Mr. T. P. Roberts, and others, objected to the proposal of Mr. Dowell, and Mr. Rouw said he could not accept it. On the question of the advantages to be gained, Mr. William Jones said it would give them two extra trains earlier and later than those now running. He was in favour of that, but he was not so sure as to the Sunday trains. Mr. T. P. Roberts remarked that he would vote for the motion including the Sunday. Mr. T. J. Roberts opposed, and pointed out some advantages of the present arrangement. Ultimately, the motion was carried by six votes, no one voting against it. The Council rose at seven o'clock, after a three hours' sitting.
THE PENRHYN DISPUTE. PROPOSED INTERVIEW WITH LORD PENRHYN. ANOTHER mass meeting of the Penrhyn quarrymen took place at Bethesda on Satur- day evening, to consider what steps should be adopted as the result of the latest nego- tiations with the Board of Trade relative to the dispute. Mr. William Evans, the chairman, said at last, he believed, they had found a way of approaching Lord Penrhyn, and it would be for the meeting to sanction such a course. He controverted the assertions which were sometimes to be heard that ithe men were exhibiting signs of weakness. This was not true, as was evidenced by the satisfactory state of the relief fund and the amount of money paid out of it (cheers). Mr. D. R. Daniel (organiser of the Quarry- men's Union), in explaining the object of the meeting, said that last week, on the in- vitation of the Board of Trade, he proceeded to London, accompanied by Mr. W. H. Wil- liams. During an interview which they had with Mr. Ritchie, they were given to under- stand that he had been authoritatively in- formed that Lord Penrhyn was prepared to meet a deputation from his late employes, and to consent to an interpreter (and, if one was considered necessary, a shorthand wri- ter), to be mutually agreed upon (loud cheers). While the Board of Trade did not in any way press the adoption of this new proposal upon the men, it was but fair to say that they (the speaker and Mr. W. H. Williams) considered the invitation, in the light of the last portion of the third resolu- tion passed a fornight ago, to be a suggestion that it was perhaps their duty to utilise this new path, and to see whether it would lead to a settlement that would be both honour- able and just. It was unnecessary to detail what took place at their interview with the Board of Trade. They promised to place the matter at the first opportunity fairly and faithfully before the men, whose officials were informed of the nature of their nego- tiations at the beginning of the week, and they had arranged the present meeting in order that they might have the opportunity of expressing an opinion on the matter (cheers), Mr. H. Edwards then moved the following resolution :— £ In view of our having been informed by the President of the Board of Trade that Lord Penrhyn is prepared to meet his late employes under conditions that we consi- der to be now such as can be complied with, we, as workmen who have always endea- voured to bring the present dispute to an honourable and just settlement, appoint Messrs. W. H. Williams, Robert Davies, and Henry Jones as our credited representatives to act on our behalf at the interview, which we trust shall be a friendly conference.' Mr. W. Williams, in seconding, pointed out that the three men whom they now pro- posed to appoint were selected from the two deputations formerly appointed, one of seven to interview Lord Penrhyn in the first instance and the other of three to act at the time the Board of Trade proffered their ser- vices. In case this fresh deputation encoun- tered any obstacles in their interview with Lord Penrhyn, it would be competent for them to consult the other seven. He hoped that the men as a body were determined to do their duty as they were of the outset of the dispute, and for which they had been commended by the country at large. The resolution was unanimously carried. On the motion of Mr. W. Thomas, Bryn- teg), seconded by Mr. Lewis Griffith, it was resolved:— ■ While thus endeavouring to facilitate the way to a settlement, we desire to impress ur:vn the minds of our representatives the grea»-i*es- ponsibity attached to the trust reposed in them and to remind them on the threshold of their important undertaking of the sole- n and una- nimous resolutions we have as jdy of work- men passed from time to time during the pre- sent dispute, and we consider that the negotia- tions on the part of our representatives should be governed by the views therein expressed.' The following was adopted on the motion of the local secretary (Mr. G. Edwards):— That copies of these resolutions be sent to the President of the Board of Trade and Lord Penrhyn, with a request that his lordship should inform them as to the time it was convenient for the deputation to wait upon him.' Mr. W. H. Williams, as a member of the newly appointed deputation, thanked the meet- ing for the trust reposed in him. He believed that he would be interpreting the feeling of all the men when he said there was no desire to continue the strife. They were endeavouring to arrive at a peaceable settlement. The depu- tation would pay heed to the notes of warning and advice tendered them by the men. A few remarks were also delivered by Mr. William Thomas (president of the North Wales Quarrymea's Union), who complimented the Penrhyn men upon there unityJgood conduct, and the trust which they reposed in their lea- ders. The proceedings, which only lasted half an hour, then terminated. )
MR. HERKOMER ON THE WELSH SCHOOLS OF ART. A large number of Loudon Welsh people met under the auspices of the Cymru. Fydd Society at the Holborn "Restaurant last night, under the presidency of Mr, Brynmor Jones, M. P. to celebrate St. David's Day. The guests of the Society were Professor Herkomer, Mr. Ernest Rhys, Mr. Allen Upward, Mr. William Sharp, and Mr. William Yeats. After the loyal toasts, the Rev. E. Davies proposed the toast of Literature, Music, and Art of Wales.' He said that in art Wales had lagged behind because she had not had a leader But now they hoped that in Professor Her- komer they had the leader they had hitherto lacked (hear, hear). Mr. Herkomer, in reply- ing, said Yes, I will lead you—(loud cheers)- but you must do something. You must give me a free hand (hear, hear). There must be no half measures. Wales and Welsh people have given me a free hand and a full heart (cheers). It is a big task I have undertaken. I will give you a little of the details of my scheme, for the first time in public. Art in the real sense does not exist in Wales, but it is coming; it shall come (loud cheers). The Celts were great artists ages ago, and the artistic instinct can- not have been erased from the temperament, which is as poetic as ever it was (hear, hear). You have the right machinery to rouse the dormant artistic faculty, but it was given to a stranger to come among you and see the hidden opportunities. I refer to the Eisteddvod. It has brought out your native talent in music and literature. Why not in art ? (hear, hear). The very itinerary character of your great festival is in its favour, for in this way it over- comes the georgraphical difficulties, which have resulted in the want of a great capital (hear, hear). I began by telling the plain truth at Llanelly. It was taken in a friendly spirit, and I was encouraged to proceed. Now this year I am making a beginning at Newport The first thing I have done is to confine all the prizes to Welshmen (hear, hear). Bv tha. t means I hope to get into touch with "Welsh artists, and in three or four years I shall begin my real scheme. I mean to leave the line arts, painting and so on, for the time, and devote ourselves for the present to the applied arts (hear, hear). There are more than enough of picture painters altogether, 5,000 of them in London, 5,000 in Paris. I hope to start two schools after discovering by means of the Eis- teddvod the men who can act as masters. One of the schools will be in North the other in South Wales (cheers), In these schools we shall work out a principle which is impossible in England. The schools will be workshops and self-supporting, and the pupils will be working for the market (loud cheers). These two schools will be worked by the same master alternately., I am now experimenting with appliances which will save the artist's hand. I hope to be in a position shortly to say what it will all cost. When that is done I trust the Welsh people will rally round and establish a great national art society to help to start these schools (hear, hear). There is a buying public in Wales. Give me the honour of your enth- usiastic support. I have no sordid motive, but I have a Welsh wife (cheers). One word more. You have a fine picturesque institution in the Gorsedd. Scholars may call it fictitious, but it is a piece of colouring that you cannot dispense with (hear, hear). A dignitary of the Church once told me What a farce it is, that these bards should light candle in the face of the sun.' Ah, yes, but you must remember that that picturesque ceremony is reverently and beautifully carried through by a man of refined and romantic mind, Hwfa Mon (cheers). If scholars won't let us alone-tor I am also a bard—I'll tell you what I shall do You know the ceremony where Hwfa Mon with majestic action draws out the sword and cries, A oes heddweh,' and where the bards all with their hands on the sword's scabbard cry, in answer, 'Heddwch.' I shall paint the scene, and the scholars dare not then call it in question (loud and prolonged applause). Mr. Ernest Rhys alse responded. The other toasts were 'St. David,' proposed by the Chairman, Kindred Celtic Nation# proposed Mr. Allen Upward, and responded to by Mr. William Yeats, I'Wales,J (proposed by the Rev. Llewelya Edwards, and seconded by Mr. Llewelyn Wil- liams, and the 'The Chairman proposed by Mr. E. R Cleaton. Songs were rendered dur ing the evening by Mr. Herbert Emlyn, Mr. Meurig James, and Miss Jennie Higgs.
BALA. C. M. CHAPEL. On Wednesday last, Revs. Isaac J. Williams* Llandderfel; E. Edwards, CwmLrmynach Messrs R. Thomas, Llandderfel, and Robert Evans, Crynierth, on behalf of the monthly meeting for East Merioneth, visited the Bala church meeting, to assist in the appointment of additional deacons for the church. We understand that although a large number were named, Mr. Joseph. Ll. Owen, Board School, was the only deacon appointed. AMBULANCE CLASS. On Thursday the 18th Febuary, the Bala Ambulance Class were examined by Dr. G. J. Roberts, Festiniog, and the result of the examination was made known on Monday last. Dr. Roberts reported that he was pleased to see that Dr. Williams had succeeded so well in imparting knowledge to the class in the intricate subject in which they had been examined. He was glad to report that all the candidates were successful, and hoped that the twenty one members, who had passed would proceed still further to master the other sub- jects which were now not approached. The successful candidates were Mrs. Wynne Pa,rry, Mrs. J. W. Roberts, Mrs. R. Ll. Jones, Mrs. J. T. Alun Jones, Mrs. J. J. H 'ies, Mrs. D. H. Jones, Mrs. D. E. Jones, s Bickley, Miss Sherwin, Miss Catherin. nes, Miss Mary Jones, Miss Maggie Evans ->Miss A. J. Phillips, g Miss Winnie Roberts, Miss M. E. Roberts, Miss Kate Thomas, Miss Fannie Rees Miss Sophia Ellis, Miss Kate Williams, Miss Minnie K. Evans, and Miss Augusta Jones. PARLIAMENTARY DEBATING SOCIETY. The session terminated on Tuesday last, when there was a lively meeting, Mr. D. Jones J.P. presided. Before proceeding with the orders of the day, the leader of the opposition, enquired as to the financial position of the society. On being informed that there was a debit balance of 6s., some discussion took place as to the responsible party for this state of affairs, bnt subsequently an amicable arrang- ment was arrived at by both sides of the house contributing to make good the deficiency. The debate on the Education Bill was resumed on which an animated discussion took place, and in which Messrs Cad. Evans, R. Ll. Jones, J. LL Owen, R. Evans, and R. W. Roberts took part. The second reading of the Bill was put to the vote, and the speaker declared that the majority had voted against it. The Govern- ment thereupon resigned, and the clerk was directed to convene the house early in October. The house dispersed, after according a vote of thanks to the speaker, deputy speaker, and lerkj for their valuable services.
r MR. JOHN MORLEY ON HOME AND FOREIGN POLITICS. MR. John Morley was the guest on Saturday 11 at a joint dinner of the Eighty Club and the Russell Cluo at Oxford. He referred to the Walthamstow election as returning to the House of Commons as good a labour represen- tative as had ever been sent to Parliament. He was sure that the scene in the House during the Penrhyn quarries debate, when the Tories cheered the attack on the President of the Board of Trade for endeavouring to effect a reconciliation, must have made an impression on the workmen of Walthamstow. He trusted that ample discussion would be given to all proposals made in connection with labour questions; he was perfectly sure the practical proposals which came from Liberals would be such as would satisfy the working classes of this country. Turning to the education ques- tion, Mr. Morley criticised the Government bill. There were two fatal blots in it. The first was in not extending to Board Schools precisely the advantages conferred upon the Voluntary schools. The Government said they were going to bring in a bill dealing with Board schools, but he understood that they were not going to deal with them on the same basis. The next fatal blot was the creation of those bodies that were called associations. They would be composed of clerical managers and clerically minded laymen, and to those ecclesiastical or semi-ecclesiastical bodies was to be handed over the distribution of £ 615,000 of hard cash collected from all the taxpayers. That was unsound in principle, and unworkable in application. He did not believe an arch. angel, much less an archdeacon, could carry out by satisfactory rules all the wise discrimi- nations between necessitous and non-necessi- tous schools—between degrees of necessitous- ness. He supposed that the school which was the least efficient and the least well managed would make off with most of Lhe prize. He could promise that the Liberal party would offer to that bill the most search- ing criticism and the most resolute opposition. Turning to foreign affairs, Mr. Morley repudia- ted the taunt that the Liberal party was so 'parochially minded' that it forgot the part this country played in the history of the world He undertook to say that some of those who were called Little Englanders' gave a steadier attention to foreign affairs and were better informed as to the movements in foreign lands than their critics. But this modern scramble for territorial empire for empire's sake, and for expansion's sake, was, to him, an imposture. Were they really going to mea- sure the grandeur of a realm by the number of its acres? Speaking finally of Crete, Mr. Morley said there was one thing certain and beyond all doubt—that Crete was liberated, once and for all, from Turkish misrule. And it was not to the Concert and not to the Powers that we owed it that this new step had been taken in the path of deliverance. It was to the action of the King of Greece. It was the Greeks who had forced and driven the Powers to face the facts of the situation which they had created. In doing this the Greeks had done a true service, both to their own race and to humanity, and he did not believe there were many men in this island who did not from the bottom of their hearts admire and sympathise with the action of the Greeks.
WELSH FESTIVAL IN ST. PAUL'S CATHEDRAL. The eve of St. David's Day was celebrated by London Welshmen on Saturday evening by a Welsh service held in St. Paul's Cathedral. The popularity of the festival, which had been held on six previous occasions, was attested by the presence of about 6,000 people. At seven o'clock the service commenced, the choir marching in procession to the tunes of 'Groes- wen' and Llangoedmor.' The first portion of the service was intoned by the Rev. E. Killin Roberts, Berkeley Cliapel, and the Bishop of Bangor and the Rev. W. Davies (Holloway) read the second part. Sir John Pulesbon read the first, and.the Rev. Evan Jones (Highbury) the second lesson. Mr. Ben Davies sang the solo Be thou faithful unto death and I Oh, ye which love the Lord,' and the choir under the leadership of Mr. William Davies (St. Paul's), gave a creditable rendering of the anthem 'Felly y carodd Duw y byd.' The Rev. G. Hartwell Jones, rector of Nut- field, preached the sermon, which was in Welsh and was based upon Zecliariah IV., 7—'Who art thou, 0 great mountain ? beforeZerubbabel thou shalt become a plain, and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying grace, grace unto it.' No city, he said, had witnessed more stirring scenes or various vicissitudes than Jerusalem. Around her walls the fiercest engagements had been fought, and Assyria and Egypt met in death grapple. Around her the greatest memories of the Jewish race clustered. They could hear now the psalms that were chanted by the exiles on their return from captivity. But no sooner had they set their hands to the work of recon- struction than the clouds gathered, and increas- ed from day to day, hence many indulged in gloomy misgivings, and recalled discouraging prophecies. The population was divided into two parties, one dwelling on the glorious past, the other\looking forward sanguinely to the future. Zechariah, young and enthusiastic, belonged to the latter category. There was much in the present condition of Wales which reminded them of the position of the Jews on this occasion. The Welsh people possessed several characteristics in common with the Hebrews of that clay. Was the Hebrew musical? So was the Celt. Poetical ? Idealistic ? So was the Celt Had he a keen appreciation of the beauties of nature? So had the Celt. But urther parallels might be found in their cir- cumstances. Like the Hebrews, the Welsh maintained a long struggle for independence against overwhelming forces. Like the Heb- rews, the Welsh were engaged in a restoration or revival. Like the Hebrews, they looked to effecting this by moral, intellectual, and relig- ious influence. For in what did the greatness of race or nation consist? Numbers? Then China ought to be one of the most powerful on earth. Wealth? Tyre, whose argosies com- manded the Mediterranean at one time, had now almost disappeared. Military strength? The Assyrian, Persian, and Tartar power had not endured. There were two indispensable headstones or condition of success and perman- ence. (1) A strong faith and theory of life from which liberty, hope, and confidence flowed The coping stone was the Christian creed, since it combined the best features of pre-Christian religions, and crowned them, but was unap- proachable. The decay of Greece and Rome was really due to their loss of faith issuing in social corruption and political anarchy. Yet Christianity infused fresh life, for example, into Greece, which had thereby survived the ravages of internal and external enemies, and held out promise of a new prosperity when her former master was tottering upon his throne. The history of France was rich in suggestion. In that country to-day they observed a distinct reaction in favour of Christian religion. The necessity of religion did not escape the notice of the leaders of thought in the Wales of former days. St. David's efforts^were chiefly directed to elevating his country by establish- ing Christian principles there. He was instrumental in crushing Pelagianism, which was menacing the faith at that day. He set his face like a flint against antagonism of var- ious kinds. Such, too, had been the main feature of revivalists in the 11th and 19th centuries. The palladium of England's great- ness had been its adherence to the principles of the Christian religion. Another headstone was a healthy patriotism which was, in the mind of the Hebrew at the Restoration, inex- tricably interwoven with religion. It had been so in our day, witness the old Chapter house at Westminster. Patriotism, like the Chris- tian faith, concentrated and crowned the vir- tues. Palastine, like Wales, has possessed a wonderful fascination for the native mind, and was loved with a passionate devotion. Still, Jewish patriotism, though intense, might mis- lead, especially considering the changed cir- cumstances of the age in which we live. While the Hebrews attained to the zenith of their material prosperity, during the 1,000 years they were shut up within their own borders, yet the true greatness of the Jewish people, as of the Greek, began when they came into con- tact with foreign nations beyond the river of Egypt and the Euphrates, through the inter- change of ideas and their influence upon the world. Unlike the Assyrian, the Hebrew did not depend for his greatness upon the sword. In like manner was it not an advantage to the Celtic races to enter more fully into the broad stream of culture and humanity? No one would be disposed to deny the immense in- fluence exerted by the Celtic races ft history. No one would venture to depreciate their services to every domain of thought. This very variety, combined with unity, was one of the secrets of national prosperity. It was re- flected in that vast gathering held in St. Paul's Cathedral, which may be truly called the cen- tre of the English Empire, an assembly of all the diverse elements that make up the popula- tion of the Metropolis. Not only were they celebrating the festival of their patron saint, whose name summoned up the proudest and tenderest associations, who was an embodiment of Welsh aspirations, whose day was observed by Welshmen in every clime, who spoke the same language as that on their lips; their thoughts turned also to our Queen and Empress's long and glorious reign, a record of almost unbroken prosperity and progress. The resolution made by Her Majesty when she ascended the throne had given the keynote to I her whole reign. She combined in her person the two principles which they had been dis- cussing. She had set a noble example of the domestic virtues, which form one of the bases of society. England's stability and expansion had not been disturbed during her reign by the revolutions that had shaken other countries to their foundations. England had stood in the forefront of many moral, social, and intellect tual movements. Throughout all these changes the Queen had continued to enjoy the devotion of her subjects. And should Welshmen not rejoice—they who had shared in these privil- eges,—who, according to the Welsh proverb, had been distinguished by loyalty to the Throne ? When the dark day came for Her Majesty to doff her earthly diadem, may she exchange it for an ever lasting erown. If any- one were unwilling to join in this sign of rejoicing on St. David's day, and with it the celebration of the longest reign, the Cymric worthies and heroes whose memorials lay in this Cathedral-Sir William Jones, the Orien. talist; Sir Thomas Picton, of military fame; John Owen, the epigramist: and other Welsh patriots—would rise up and reproach them. Let Welsh genius influence the minds of their neighbours. Let Welsh music, which particu- larly lends itself to the service of the sanctuary help to spread the kingdom of Christ on earth Might Wales sail between the Scylla of a cramping particularism and the Charybdis o an arid uniformity! The Rev. Morris Roberts, assistant chaplain of the City Welsh Church, directed the variout procceedings, and with the stewards, kept the crowd in perfect order during the evening. A noteworthy feature of the festival was the interest taken in it by members of the various Nonconformist chapels in Loudon. Large sections of the choir were composed of members from the Methodist and Congregational chapels, and several of the Welsh ministers followed the service with interest.