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WELSH EISTEDDVOD IN MANCHESTER. AN eisteddvod, organised by the members of the Welsh Congregational Chapel, Booth Street East, was held at the Hulme Town Hall, on Saturday afternoon and evening. The Welsh community in Manchester, with characteristic patriotism, mustered strongly in its support. The programme was almost entirely made up of the literary and musical competitions familiar in gatherings of this kind. There were, in addition, tests of proficiency in vari- ous arts and crafts, and for each prize there was keen rivalry by candidates of more or less promise. The competitors were marshalled by the conductor of the meeting, and the promoters of the eisteddv d were fortunate in securing in this capacity Hwfa Môn, the Archdruid of Wales. His picturesque appearance and personality added much to the interest of the gathering, and the spirit and humour which he brought to the performance of his duties contributed largely to its success. Each meeting, too, had its separate presi- dent. In the afternoon the position was taken by Professor Thomas Jones, who, in the course_ of a short speech, gave an account of the eisteddvod as a national institution. It was indigenous, he said, to the soil of Wales, had flourished for centuries, and would flourish for centuries to come. It had been said that the quality of the literary output at the eisteddvods was not equal to the quantity. He admitted that there might be some truth in this saying, but sug- gested that the quality would improve with the spread of education. He reminded the audience that Welsh literature Was mainly produced by untutored peasants and work- ing men. For centuries the leisured classes had created nothing, but now they were witnessing the introduction of a new ele- ment into Welsh literature. Welshmen who had been educated at the great English Universities were devoting much of their time to Welsh subjects: Passing to consider the future of the Welsh language, Professor Jones declared that everything lay with those who controlled education in Wales. If they so desired, these authorities could introduce Welsh as a class subject. It was to be hoped that the influence of the schools and of the Welsh University would assist in in dissipating the apathy that had existed in many quarters about the proper study of Welsh. The eisteddvod was performing a very useful purpose in preserving the Welsh language, and for this reason they must de- sire its continued success. As an institution it was worth preserving, and their prayer was that it nright, flourish long and vigour- ously. In the evening, the chair was taken by Mr, Humphrey Lloyd, who spoke in Welsh. The competitions were followed by every- one with much interest. The climax of in- terest was reached at the chairing of the bard.' Mr. D. R. Jones, of Festiniog, bad pro- duced the best poeiii on The Missionary,5 and was installed in the oak chair with much pomp. Three/times the Archdruid asked 'Is there peace ?' and three times the audience shou ted its assurance. Mr, Jones took his seat- and a large number of congratulations, ein bodied in verse, were offered by gentlemen on the platform. The following were the more important prize winnersTenor solo, David Ellis (Cefnmawr), and Gutyn Eiiion (Liverpool), equal; quartet competition, H. Davies (Cefnmawr) and party soprano and tenor duet, Mr. D. Ellis and iirs. Hughes; so- prano solo, Mrs. Hughes (Wrexham); choral contest, Bank Side Choir, Oldham pencil sketch, H. E. Jones, Rochdale Road, Man- chester recitation, Mr. J. Roberts (Ashton- in-Makerfield), and Miss L. A. Williams (Festiniog), equal; chair poem, Mr. O. R. Jones, Festiniog; tenor and bass duet, Gu- tyn Eifion and M. Jones (Birkenhead): quart.ett at sight, Mr. Roberts (Ardwick) and party, chief essay, Mr. J. E. Pugh (Ardwick); bass solo, Mr. J. H. Edwards (Ruthin); male voice choir contest, Cowhili Vocal Society (Oldham). No other choir competed. ""1Y4


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