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PRESTATYN. -.......---."'-../--------





FEBRUARY. Provided the weather be fairly open, there will be a great deal to do in the vegetable gar- den during the month. The main sowing of broad beans must be made in drills 3 inches deep in rows 2-J feet apart. Personally, we prefer to grow the rows at much wider inter- vals, and to crop between them with spinach, lettuce, and other surface-rooting vegetables. Autumn sown cabbages, which were planted out before winter, may now be removed to their final positions as desired. Advantage should be taken of the first spell of warm wea- ther to fill a-ll gaps in the rows. Potato, onions and shallots, may yet be planted in rows a foot apart, and about 9 inches asunder in the rows. Cover the former 2 inches deep, but only press the latter into the soil sufficiently to keep them firmly in position. Early peas should be sown at once, such hary, round- seeded kinds, being chosed, as Sangster's, Wil- liam I., Bountiful, and To moriow. The pro- duce will be ready for use almost as early as the autumn-sown peas. Rasjanas may be sown on a warm border now, provided a covering of some kind be afforded during severe weather. Dried bracket fronds are excellent for this pur- pose. Cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, mustard, radishes, tomatoes, &c., can be sown in pans in a frame or greenhouse, while open-air sow- ings of parsnips, spinach, and some kind of early white turnip must be made. A warm border is, of course, necessary. Uncover open- bed sea kale when the shoots are cut, but scab- ter a little litter thinly over the bed. A very small quantity of potatoes may be planted in an open, sunny, warm bed, sheltered by a wall. Place a mixture of burnt rubbish in the bottom of the trenches before planting the sets. Some weeds will come into flower this month; and they must be dug over and turned in before they have time to perfect seed. Thus, instead of propagating their species, they form a very desirable food for the following crop. Prepare abundant supplies of protecting materials, fern, spruce branches, mats, frames, and such like, for the very early crops of all kinds. Push on with manuring and digging during suitable weather. In the flower garden, hedg- ings of daisies, pinks, box, &c., may;beplanted. During mild days, expose carnations, violets, and other frame crops freely to the air. Plant anomond roots in rich, moist soil; and sow a few seeds in the open soon. Make up a rich seed-bed for this purpose and lightly scratch in the seeds in rows 6 inches apart. Raise a few primroses and pot them off, preparatory to standing them in a cold frame. Their blossoms will prove most acceptable for house decora- tion. In the rose garden, thoroughly decom- posed farm yard manure can be forked in; and where the soil is at all light, this operation is likely to be most beneficial. Where digging is not practised, the surface soil should be hoed, artificial manure being scattered directly afterwards. Towards the end of the month planting may be finished, but it may perhaps be necessary to water roses, which are planted this month, during March and April. Examine cuttings and make firm any that have been lifted by the frost by pushing them down again, and pressing the soil around them. When the middle of the month has passed, roses on sunny walls may be pruned; and quite at the end, hardy garden kinds can be proceeded with. In the greenhouse all roses must be closely watched for mildew and insects. Sow aurioula seeds thinly in sandy soil in the greenhouse, and wait patiently for them to germinate. A perfectly cold house will do to start the seeds, though some growers prefer to raise them in slight hea. Some of the seeds will probably take months to germinate. Begonia seeds also should be sown now, to produce plants to flower in July. Sow very thinly in fine sandy loam, and just dust over with fine earth. Pot off each plant as it becomes large enough. Preserve an even temperature of about 65 de- grees. Sow also the seeds of calceolarias, celo- sias plumosa, chrysanthemuns lidicum, cocks- oombe, dahlias, diantiius, fuchsia", geraniums, gloxinias, lobelias, mimulus, yosetis, pelar- gonium, petunia, phlox drumondi, polyanthus, primroses, ricinus, solanums, nicotianas, and verbenas, for summer and autumn flowering. Verbena seed should really have been sown in January; and it is imperative not to permit any more time to elapse before the work is done. There is still plenty of time to secure a fine summer show of gloxinias if the seed be sown thinly in well drained pots of light com- post, placed in a warm, moist position. A sprinkling of water every day will greatly as- sist germination. Geranium seedlings will make good plants by the beginning of July. The temperature during germination should be between 60 and 70 degrees. E. KEBIP TOOGOOD, F.R.H.S., Pro TOOGOOD & Sons, The Royal Seed Establishment, Southampton.

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