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Aberdare District Council…

Aberdare Valley Baptists.

Aberdare Chamber of Trade.



--Present Political Problems.


Present Political Problems. ADDRESS TO A'BERDARE YOUNG LIBERALS. Under the auspices the Aberdare League of Young Liberals, 4 address was given on Saturday last at the MGlCmorial Hal), Aberdare, on "Present Political Problems," by Mr. Ern- est, Evans, of Aberystwyth. The chair was taken by Aid. David Hughes, who was sup ported by Messrs. J. M. Jones, M J. Harris, Ogwen Williams, and- Aubrey Roberts (secre- tary). Aid*. Hughes, in introducing Mr. Evans, said he considered one of tho first duties of that audience to pass a vote of congratulation to Mr Edgar Jones on his maiden speech in the House of Commons. This was carried amid chcers. Mr. Evans congratulated Abcrdare on form- ing- usoful branches of the League. He said that such organisations wertp the means of winning large numbers of people to the frruth, which was ever dear to Welshmen. The conflict with the House of Lords was due to a vigorous de- mocracy, who would net siand the arrogance and impertinence of the House at the present time. Yet the interest in the problems arising out of such conflicts was not sufficiently wide- spread. and it would be the work of the Young Leaguers everywhere to thrash these questions out, and wrest the po^er from the House of Lords. The people for generations back had been wresting this powcr-th, power of con. trolling finance—sometimes from the Crown to Parliament, now from one of the Houses of Parliament to the people themselves through their own representatives in Parliament. The events and measures cropping up in Parlia- ment during the last few years had "touched up" the Conservative Party, who were ever a party for excuses a.nd a fine party for makinp promises. Mr. Eilia J. Griffith, M.P., once said that there was a groat difference between the land of promise and the Promised Land, and in this struggle between Freo Trade and Tariff Reform no amount of promises by the Conser- vative Party would ever brinfr up to the Pro- mised Land. The Conservative Party often promised old age pensions. These really had been spoken of since the reign of Edward VI., but in the reign of our King the attitude to- wards the qiiestion had been one of attempt to overburden the ship-and not attack it openly. Then there was the Licensing Bill. Why did they oppose this? He knew why. and everyone elso did. The Land Development Act of Mr. Lloyd George—a Welshmen of whom they were proud (loud applause)—the Insurance Act, etc., were quite satisfactory, and they were quite sat- isfied with him as Chancellor. Finance was the pivot of all fights botween the two Houses. By it privileges were given to the people. The power of finance at the present time was the crux of the whole question. The English Par- liament was the oldest Parliament in the world —the Mother of Parliaments, as it was often called—and the House of Commons had been the model for many Parliaments in other parts of tho world, but not so the House of Lords. Other countries were wiser than to copy that— the hereditarv principle was not such an ideal- istic thing. He was disgusted with the presump- tion of the Member who recently su.srtrested that we should look to Prussia for our model. should seek from other lands the best and that only. We might copy Germany for her scientific education, there they did ecorc over England, but Prussian Parliament, no. The Conservative Party advocated Tariff Reform, a.nd always held before us Germany, which was nob ahead of this country for sound employment and good wages. Mr. Evans then touched upon the differences of opinion as to the veto, whether it should be vested in a one-chamber or two-chamber house>. In his opinion, the second chamber should only have the power of carrying out the administrative and not ini- tiative policies. There seemed to be great zeal for reform in the House of Lords itself. If started with resolutions and would probably end up with resolutions also. Lord Rosebery, in ploughing his lonely furrow, must have dug up some old time-worn skeletons. He (Mr. Evans) then referred to the way Bills had been sent up to the House of Lords. Up to 1840 all financial proposals were sent up separately. Mr. Gladstone, the Grand Old Man, proposed that all such proposals should be sent up en bloc. Up to 1868 Wales was very silent. Maybe she was sleeping, but in that year Wales fortu- nately found her tongue. The late Henry Richard deserved the highest praise, for he did much to make her speak, not only in syllables but in eentenoos (choors). The late Tom Ellis again—(renewed cheers)—was a very eloquent mouthpiece for Wales and its welfare, and now she continued to speak and speak volumes through the Welsh Chanoellor, Mr. Lloyd George. Talking about the W.o16h Independent Party, of which they might be hearing shortly, Mr. Evans said that in the past they had not suffered so much from, quarelling amongst the various members of this party, but from their own folly in not choosing the proper men. He congratulated Aberdare and Merthyr upon the admirable senior representative (Mr. Edgar Jones) they had sent to Parliament this year. Ho sincerely hoped the day would not be far distant when they would send not one but two good Welsh members from the constituency— each knowing Welshmen through and through, and able to sympathise and know tho needs and desires of the Welsh people. Those ar 1 those alone could fully carry out for Wales the long- desired wishes of their hearts—the three great- est desires of their hearts being temperance re- form, land reform and disestablishment. Mr. Evans briefly touched upon these three reforms, and said that Wales was ever progressive, but not through accident. It was through continu- ed struggles for liberty and right. The conflict between Wales and the House of Lords was one between freedom and privilege Liberties had been won through hard labour and sacrifice, and they were not going to allow those liber- ties to be snatched away. The democracy of Wales should be more alive than any other to its rights as Wales had suffered more than any other nation. The House of Lords opposed the Home Rule for Ireland, the freedom of the Jews, and the educational freedom of the Non- conformists, the political freedom of the people. Wales simply stood up for freedom of Govern- ment—one of the most elementary rights. Mr H. H. Evans, Cwmdare, said he had heard a great deal about Mr. Ernest Evans. It was men of his calibre—deep thinking and deep feeling young Welshmen—who were needed to make Wales what it ought to be Mr. Tom Lewis, Trecynon, said he was glad that such a League of workers had been formed in Aber- dare. He could only boast of being a very young Liberal, he had hitherto belonged to another party. He thought that much good work for the enlightment of the locality could be done by such an organisation as this.—Mr. W. J. Evans, in congratulating Mr. Evans on his ex- treme earnestness, said he hoped to hear Mr. Evans in the very near future again.—Mr. Og- wen Williams said it was full time that candi- dates should make it clear as to what they really were, and not parade labour under the cloak of Socialism. The attitude of Mr. Keir Hardie had now become clear over the Mid- Glamorgan contest, and the Liberals in Aber- dare would take a different stand at the next election. — Mrs. Miles said she was glad to hear Mr. Evans. She had heard much of him when he was at college and subsequently, and wished him every success. She expressed the hope that some day he might have a seat in Parliament. In referring to local elections she paid a tribute to the faithful woman worker on the Board of Guardians, and said she was proud that women could help in some ways. Aid. Hughes proposed a vote of thanks to Mr. Evans and the Rev. J. M. Jones seconded. The latter said he knew something of Mr. Evans's ability. He had watched his move- inents for some time, and was very gratified at his able address on the progressive problems of to-day. Ho, however, wished the young Leaguers to bear in mind that true Liberalism depended not upon attacking any party what- sover, but in cleansing from within their own ranks, and clearing any stumbling blocks which appear in the way.—Mr. Ernest Evans proposed and Mr. Aubrey Roberts (secretary) seconded a vote to Aid. Hughes, which was carried.


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Nine Hours Under a Fall,