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! RHYMNEY.

"The Beggar's Petition."

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Bedwellty District Council.

Dangers of the -Mine.\

MynyddisKvyn Urban District.

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MynyddisKvyn Urban District. Dr. Rocyn Jones, the Medical officer of the Monmouthshire County Council, presented a special report on the Mynyddislwyn Urban Dis. tnct to the Sanitary Committee on the 23rd ult. The district was formed in 1904, with an area of 5,150 acres, a population of 3,337, and a rateable value of £ 4,495. In the interval there has been a considerable development through colliery sinkings at Ynysddu and Oak- dale there will be a very large increase in popu- lation and wealth when further sinkings at Pontllanfraith are carried out. The rateable value of the urban district at present is £ 20,959 and the population has increased to the esti- mated number of 9,815. The district takes in one side of the Sirhowy Valley from above Ar.. goed to Pontllanfraith; thence it crosses the n mountain down to the Rhymney River at Fleur. de-lis follows above from Maesycwmmer to the Bryn; from that point includes both slopos of the Sirhowy Valley to a point below Ynysddu Station; and from that point the eastern side of the valle) down to Nine Mile Point. Being in two valleys, its water and sewerage arrange- ments cannot be unified. Tha birth rate is 30.6 per 1,000; the death rate, 12 02 (a remarkably low one); but the infantile mortality is high, 16 per 1,000. Except at Ynysddu and Cwm- felinfach, there is no overcrowding at present, but the Medical Officer is of opinion that pri- vate enterprise is not making provision for pro- per housing accommodation fast enough, and overcrowding will become universal unless the building of decent dwellings proceeds apace." The difficulty of an adequate water supply has been given as one case of retardation in house- building, and this especially at Pontllanfraith. In different parts of the district, examples of in- sanitary dwellings are referred to with rudi. mentary arrangements for disposing of sewage; but with the completion of the Western Valleys Trunk Sewer, means will be available for the cfficient drainage of the district in the Sirhowy Valley, provided an adeq7tate water supply is available. That appears to be a crucial ques- tion for the district upon the satisfactory solu- tion of which the health of the whole popula- tion depends. Dr. James, the medical officer to the District Council, reported in 1907 that the district generally was badly off for water. The County Medical Officer makes a series of recommendations for the closure of cellar dwell- ings. conversion of back-to-back houses into through houses, enforcement of bye-laws in slaughter-houses, the appointment of a lady health visitor in the interest of infant life, and the provision of an effioient constant supply of water.

"A Bundle of Nerves."I

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Gelligaer Accounts.

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IGas v. Electricity.

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PONTLOTTYN.'

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