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Family Notices

Family Notices
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DEATHS. The total number of deaths registered in the district amounted to 1,493, of which 58 were of non-residents; this leaves a total of 1,435 deaths of persons resident in the district, and gives a death rate of 18.5 per l.COO. This is the lowest death rate on record, though it still compares unfavourably with that of the whole of England and Wales and of the seventy-six large towns. Of the 53 deaths of non-residents, 53 occurred in the Union Infirmary, 4 in the General Hospital, and 1 in Tylardf Isolation Hospital. Of the 1.435 deaths of residents. 168 occurred in public institutions, viz., 128 in the Union Infirmary, 28 in the General Hospital and 12 in the Isolation Hospital. As mentioned in previous reports, no figures showing the number of deaths of Merthyr residents occur- ring outside Merthyr are obtainable. Bridg end Asylum and, to a less extent Cardiff In- firmary. are the institutions that would affect the figures most. The rate is 3.39 per 1.000 less than that of the average for the years 1898 -1907, but it is still unduly high, principally owing to the high infant mortality that pre- vails. A minor cause of the high death rate is found under the heading of accidents occurring mainly in the collieries and ironworks. Dunne the year, 67 deaths were registered as due to accidents, of which 51 were of persons above the o.ge of 15, and the majority of them, a,* stated, occurred either underground or in the ironworks. More particular notice of them will be made undter the headint* of inquests. To compare our death rate with that of other towns, a correction for age and sex distribution has to be made; that is, it is neces"ary to as- sume that the numbers living at the different age groups are in the same proportion as pre- vailed in the whole of England .nd Wales at the last census, and also that the proportion of males to females is the same. This corrsction is made by multiplying the crude death rate by 1.0593, a figure obtained from the Registrar- General, and this gives a corrected death rate of 19.5. On analyzing the figures. Table IV. shows that 482 of the deaths were of children under 1 year of age; reference will be made to these figures under the heading of infant mortality. Between the ages of 1 and 5 there were 207 deaths, so that 48 per cent of the deaths were of children under 5 years of age. the ages of 65 and upwards, 203 deaths occurred. Num- ber of deaths and rate per 1.000: Dowlais, 262, 21.8; Penydarren, 287. 21.2; Park, 131, 17.2; Cyfarthfa, 170, 17.8; Town. 184, 16.6; Plymouth, 150, 15.9; Merthyr Vale, 108, 16.9; Treharris. 143, 18.2. It will be seen that Dowlais and PenydarreD have the highest rates, while next to them comes Treharris. As reported in prev ious years. Dowlais and Penydarren are tho wards where most overcrowding prevail-?, and where there are a large number of insanitary houses, while nothing has been done to abate the overcrowding that prevails in Treharris and reported last year. As mentioned in previous reports, the death rate of the Town Ward would bo still lower were it not for the number of common lodging houses it contains, and persons dying in the Union Infirmary often give one of these houses u their last address.

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