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1Latît intelligence.


1Latît intelligence. PEACE OR WAR QUESTION. (Last Night's Post.) SPIRIT OF THE FRENCH JOURNALS OF TUESDAY. Generally speaking, the leading articles of the Paris journals are without much interest. The Constitu tionnel replies to the leader of the Debats from which we gave some extracts in our last number, but its an- swer is merely polemical, and throws no new light upon the subject. The Constilutionuel repeats its for- mer arguments in support of the policy of the Cab'i- net, and charges the Debats with a kind of jesuitism in its apposition, calling upon it to declare itself openly the enemy of the Ministry, and not to con- ceal its enmity under the cloak of impartiality. The Debats, again adverting to the revolutionary cry, which has been got up under the pretext of enthusi- asm in defence of national honour, draws a melan- choly, but probably, not an exaggerated picture of the success which has attended the efforts of propa- gandists and revolutionists. The success has been (says the Debats) a success of terror, for where enthu- siasm for war has been created in one mind by men- acing cries and seditious processions, terror has been instilled into fifty. Who (says the Debats) are the men who with one hand agitate the country, and advise it to plunge into universal war, and with the other push it toward the gulf of revolution ? Where is their Mirabeau or their Napoleon? Where is their talent after shedding torrents of blood, and in- flicting upon France all the horrors of anarchy, to reconstitute a Government, after having overthrown all existing institutions ? The anarchists," adds the Debats, may still be able to inflict a great deal of calamity upon the nation, but we defy them to do any thing else." The Debats asks if it is possible, after reading the exciting and seditious articles of some of the journals, and witnessing the frantic demonstrations of the war party, who denounce as traitors and cowards all whom they suspect of being desirous of peace, not to suppose that the reign of anarchy has commenced. The laws, continues this journal, "are openly trampled upon, the Charter is despised, royalty is insulted with a total disregard to decency, and the Chambers are threatened with popular vengance, if they should dare to deliberate as free agents. One is no longer permitted to have an opinion of one's own, and whoever is not for immedi- ate war—universal war—is declared to be a partisan of Foreign states." The Debats concludes by observing that its experience of past times makes it a duty to point out to the Government and to the country the present alarming symptoms but it is evident from the whole of the article that the writer does not des- nair of finding good sense enough in the nation to • ■rush the hopes of the revolutionary faction. The Siecle makes an appeal to those ultra-patriots, who apply the words coward and traitor to every one who does not allow himself to be terrified by popular clamour from the exercise of the right of judging of events by the standard of his own reason. The Steele asks, whether on the supposed eve of a contest this kind of division at home is calculated to increase the strength of the people against their enemies abroad ? The Seiele then recommends that contempt should be shown for the different calumnies against public men, which are in circulation, amongst which the most genernl are a charge against M. Thiers, 'that he is a partisau of war, and the revolutionising of all Europe in order to gratify some monstrous ambi- tion and against the King, on the other hand as an advocate for peace even at the sacrifice of national honour. The Siecle asks, whether the nation are not alike agreed to accept a peace, which should leave the honour of France intact, or to reject conditions which would be accompanied with dishonour. This question from the Sieele is of considerable importance, for it is the reputed organ of M. Odilon Barrot. This Journal has not entirely lost the power to calm the storm which it has assisted in raising and having now declared that peace with honour is the object of the party which it represents, and which party is very in- fluential in the Chamber of Deputies, it may fairly be inferred that there is not in the extreme left a deter- mination for war a tout prix but on the contrary. a disposition to accept peace, if it can be had without the sacrifice of national dignity. The Quotidienne has a very long article on the state of public feeling, and the efforts of the revolutionists, in which, speaking of the enthusiasm for war, it says—"Every war of exaltation enthusiasm, or fanaticism, ends fatally. National feeling causes the success of war. The revolutionary spirit makes war formidable. This is somewhat dif- ferent." The Quotidienne adds, National feeling in France is opposed to the revolutionary feeling, and this is so true, that since the invasion of the revolu- tionary spirit, there is nothing but selfishness in France. War in a country of selfishness is impossi- ble. What! war, that is to say, the sacrifice of all private interests for the gratification ofM. Thiers, or or any other selfish interest at the head of society this would be too much even for the best patriots. War, when the feelings of society are truly expressed by the Government, has some meaning, for national feeling is then inspired and governed by a sense of common interest; but war, when the coteries, whose existence may cease to-morrow, declare themselves the organs of national feeling—such a war as a mere deception." It would seem from this article that the Quotidienne, which certainly has not been idle in the creation of the present excitement, has only advocated a war which should be carried on by a Government of its own choice. It is curious enough that all the organs of the different parties have been influenced by similar considerations. The National has cried" War, war," but has always taken care to add, that no other war than a war of revolutionary propaganda could he suc- cessful. The Capitole, which is also furious for war, assures us, that only the Bonapartist propaganda could succeed, and that war upon any other principle would be disastrous. Here we have Legitimists, Republi- cans, and Bonapartists, all shouting for war, and all under the same pretext, as the maintenance of nati- onal dignity, and yet they are all as much diagreed in their plans, and are in their principles as much op- posed to each other, as if they were going to war with themselves, and not with what they affect to call a common enemy. It is not surprising, therefore, that the Sieele should exhoat to unanimity, and the Debats inquire whether a cry for war raised by such organs can be said to be the legitimate voice of the nation. We extract the following from the Revue deParis: —"The events which have taken place in Syria have imposed new duties on the policy of France. In the presence of the execution, so hasty and so violent, of the Convention of London, there were new resolutions tobe taken, new eventualities to be foreseen. For the last week the Cabinet has had to deliberate on all the elements of a situation, the future circumstances of which cannot but add to its gravity. Never was there greater need of joining maturity of counsel to energy of action. Of all the measures brought on by the Ministers the meeting of the Chambers is the only one that is to receive an immediate execution. The speedy summon- ing ofthe Parliament will have, we hope, for its effect, to give the Government all the moral force of which it has need. Within afortnight the Cabinet will demand from the concurrence of our fundamental institutions an assistance which it feels to be necessary. Since the 15th of July the policy of the Cabinet has been composed of series a of conservative acts, by which it has tried to maintain the position of France intact. In presence of a treaty which seemed to offer the combinations of the frame-work of a coalition, the Ministry has taken all the precautions and safeguards which the most ordinary prudence suggested. It has armed the country, but it has menaced no one. At no point has it denounced hostilities; on the con- trary, it has every where attempted to negotiate when the negotiation appeared to be of any utility. Thus, M. Thiers has just addressed a memorandum to Lord Palmerston in answer to his note 31st August; and then, in a despatch accompanying it, has protested with energy against the dispossession of Mehemet Ali; and has demanded that he should be freed from the effects of the decree for dispossessing him that he should be maintained in the possession of Egypt; as also, that the Allied squadron should make no attempt against the Turkish and Egyptian fleets which are in the harbour of Alexandria. There is reason to be- lieve that it squares with the views of the Powers which signed the Convention of London, not to give a new theatre to hostilities at the present moment. They will content themselves with the demonstra- tions they have made in Syria, and this winter the war will be confined to that country. Llangorwen Church, near Aberystwith We are requested to state that the Consecration of this Church, which was to have taken place last week is postponed.


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