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jforetgtt Intelligence.


jforetgtt Intelligence. FRANCE.—It has been truly observed that the influence exercised by the French Journals over the French people is far greater than that of the British papers over the English,—the reasons for this excess of influence being summed up in the following brief manner,— the French are a light and inconsiderate rather than a reflecting and serious people. The French people like to be thought for,—the British people like to think for themselves. If the above proposition be admitted, which we apprehend it must be, and that, as a con- sequence, the opinions of the French are formed by the paper they read, and then maintained with tenacity, not to say violence, what a dilemma must the French people be in when three of the leading papers of France are hold- ing different opinions on the operations and motives of the King and his Government in the warlike preparations now making by them. First the National reproaches the Government that while providing, for the army, arms and ammunition, the number of men has not been increased. This is contradicted by the Con- stitutionnel, which asserts that the Govern- ment, in order to be prepared for the defence of France, in the event of a possible coalition of the European powers against that country, have availed themselves of all the resources placed by the law at their disposal, and that, by the end of next month, no less a number than 490,000 men will be under arms, and which number, in case of necessity, might be doubled. While these two Journals are thus conducting the attack and defence of the Go- vernment, forward marches the Quotidienne, and says that "disguise it as they may, the intention of the fortifications about to be raised round Paris is more FOR THE PURPOSE OF PRO- TECTING THE KING AGAINST THE POPULATION OF PARIS, than to protect Paris against a Foreign enemy." Read this, ye Frenchmen, who are "neither pusillanimous nor menacing." Your own Journal tells you that your King is exe- cuting a mighty project, one conceived by Napoleon himself, not for the protection of Paris against a foreign enemy, but for his own protection against the violence of his subjects. Read this, ye abettors and admirers of the tragedy of THE GLORIOUS THREE DAYS, and blush, rather than bluster about your resolu- tion to run every risk rather than sacrifice your rights, your independence, or your rank in the world. For whatever purpose, however, the fortifi- cation of Paris has been suggested, there can be no doubt that France expects to be at war with somebody very soon, and this belief is evidently entertained by Russia, Turkey, and Egypt, in common with such of the British nation as are wisely bent upon looking the enemy full in the face. So much for France. Spain, unhappy Spain, appears likely to re- alize the gloomy anticipations which have been formed respecting her. The only choice left to her appears to be a submission to the policy of Espartero (who, we find, has been appointed President of the Council) to save her from being again plunged into anarchy and revolution. The Madrid Gazette, of the 19th ultimo, gives a copy of a Royal Decree and the proclamation of the Junta at Madrid: this Junta, in order to indicate the exigencies of the day, give the following explanation of their programme 1. "That Her Majesty issue a manifesto, reproba- tive of the conduct of the traitors by whom she has been deceived, and the peace of the country put in jeopardy. 2. That she separate for ever from her side all the high functionaries of the palace and other persons who have advised her to the system of re-action hitherto pursued. 3. That the new municipal law be annulled. 4. That the present Cortes be dissolved, and a new one assembled, with special powers to secure in a solid manner all the consequences of the present glorious revolution. 5. That they shall not lay down their arms until they see all these conditions fulfilled." RUSSIA, ENGLAND, AND THE EAST.—We copy from the Courrier Francais of Friday last, the following article speculating on the probability of Lord Palmerston's proposing to his col- leagues to send for the Russian fleet into the Mediterranean. "At this moment peace depends on the English Cabinet. The motive which occasions the meeting of the Council of Ministers at London to-morrow is not calculated to make us easy. Lord Palmerston has convoked it, in order to get himself authorized to send the Russian fleet to the Mediterranean. He knows that the Parliament will not grant him money to make war with Mehemet Ali, and he desires to make use of the forces of Russia; this is playing a game dangerous to England and to Europe. We shall see whether Lord Melbourne will suffer himself to be taken in the snare. At all events the French Government is forewarned. P. S. We are assured this evening that Lord Palmerston will not venture to propose to the Coun- cil to send for the Russian fleet, and that it is not he who has caused the summoning of the Council of Ministers, which is not to meet till Monday." The Standard states that all communication overland with India, is entirely stopped, and that the letters and passengers conveyed by the last Mediterranean Mail, are on their return to this country, for the purpose of being for- warwarded by the old route. This is the na- tural consequence of the present state of affairs in the Levant. PORTUGAL The Times' correspondent, writing on the 14th inst., says:—"Agreeably to general expect- ation, the Administration has contrived to extend the suspension of the habeas corpus and liberty of the press for a further period of two months, to the 15th of November next. It is understood to be in con- templation to prorogue the Cortes on the ensuing Sunday, the 20th inst., until the determination of the coercive measures, when the House will assemble as a Cortes extraordinary. "The military insubordination still unhappily con- tinues, the revolters making slow marches through the northern provinces, levying exorbitant contribu- tions on the inhabitants as they pass. Notwithstand- ing, during their transit they manage to pick up some adherents, while the Queen's troops numerically" overwhelming, on their approach, instead of sallying forth and at once putting an end to the impending disasters which menace the kingdom, retire to make retrogade movements to avoid them. As I stated in my former communication, we have still only the official gazette to depend upon for information. I learn, however, the following facts, on authority I be- lieve to be tolerably correct:—On the 7th inst., the insurgents entered Mangualde, within two leagues of Vizeu, the commandant of the second military dis- trict, Jose Maria de Souza, who had established his head-quarters in that city, having with the disaffected 9th Regt., and who it is believed only awaited a fa- vourable opportunity to join the revolters: this cir- cumstance being well known to the Government they transmitted orders to obviate a recontro, and re- tired upon Lamego, while the civic authorities betook themselves to Tondella. The latest news state that the 6th Regiment, with a part of the 13th battalion, which had united with them, had proceeded towards Guarda, accompanied by the Baron de Oleiros, a rich landed proprietor of Castello Branco, once a high Chartist, his three sons, together with a notorious Miguelite, M. Matta (who was one of the Judges of the special hanging commission in Don Miguel's time, and who retired to Rome with his liege Lord for two years), whom the rebels nominated chief Magistrate of that district." IMPORTANT NEWS FROM SYRIA. BEYROUT, AUG. 29.-This port is blockaded by the Powerful, Edinburgh, Thunderer, Ganges, Benbow, Castor, Carysfort, and Gorgon (steamer), within a pistol shot of the town, and all boats and vessels com- ing in are continually captured by them. Soliman Pacha issued the following orders of the day on the 27th "Art. 1. Any individual born in a foreign country who shall introduce any writing or proclamations into Syria, tending to foment disobedience or revolt, shall be punished with death. "Art. 2. Any individual, whether native or foreign- er who shall distribute any writings or proclamations tending to promote disobedience or rebellion, shall be punished with death. "Art. 3. Any individual, whether native or foreign- er, who shall be the bearer or concealer of any pro- clamation tending to foment disobedience or rebellion shall be punished with imprisonment in irons for a period of from five to twenty years. Art. 4. Every person shall be considered a con- cealer of proclamations who shall not, within ten days from the date of this order, deliver up to local autho- rities every writing or proclamation distributed in his village, town, or district. Art. 5. Every individual born in a foreign coun- try, who shall introduce or distribute arms, ammuni tion, or provisions, shall be punished with death. Art. 6. Every individual, whether native or fo- reigner, who shall excite the inhabitants to revolt, either by words, writings, or money, shall be punished with death. Art. 7. Every foreigner who shall act as a spy, shall be punished with death. "Art. 8. The composition of the Council of War remains the same. "Art. 9. The sentence of death or the galleys cannot be executed without the approbation of the Major-General commanding the army. Art. 10. The present order of the day shall be no- tified to the consuls of the different Powers, inasmuch as it regards foreigners. "SOLAMIN PACHA, Major-General."