ar ol THE CREA f STRIKE. 1 FRIDAY. I The hopes of a s'lltlement of the great railway tetiikein South Wales whic-h were entertained on ursday night were frustrated this morning, when the men absolutely declined to entertain the pro- loosed terms submitted to them by their leaders. As a consequence, tho strike continued, and though several conferences were held during the day with the object of alrising at a definite agreement, neither the men nor the directors exhibited any tendency to yield. The principal point of differ- ence, it appears, is the question of guaranteed Woik, the directors offering a guaranteed month of 240 Lours, with four days' woik during the week in which Mabon's holiday m onthly occurs, but the men decline to accept anything less than a guarantee of five days. All traffic was again Slopped, and trade on the railways acd at the dok8 was entirely suspended. The Chamber of Commerce have resolved to support the railway direc.ors in their resistance to the men's claims. The Seamen's Union have issued a "declaration of war" against all Cardiff vesselsuntilthe strike is concluded. SATURDAY. Circumstances in connection with the great rail- way strike in South Wales remain unchanged, and aU traffic between C-trdiff and the various points 08 the Taff Vale and the Rhymney Riilwayi lines is entirely suspended. The s'rikers. with several thousand Un onists of all trades, held a monstre demons'ration at Cardiff to-day, speeches being àelivered by Sir E. J. Reed. M.P., Mr Arthur Williams, lvl P., and prominent Trades Union officials. Sir E. J. Raed, as M P. for the borough of Cardiff, has journeyed specially from London wLh the object of bringing about a speedy settle- ment of the disastrous dispute, and has, in an important letter to the mayor, offered his ssrvices- &3 mediator between employers and employed. In the Rhondda Valley and other place?, which, in consequence of the suspension of traffic, remain practically isolated, the inconvenience experienced is very great. Colliery after colliery is stopping, and unless a speedy settlement is arrived at much distress will accrue. MOXDAY. There is no change in the gloomy condition of affairs between the strikers and the joint director- a.te of the three railway companies. Both aides are as firm to-day as when the struggle first com- menced, and unless some third party can be allowed to intervene the end of the terrible dispute cannot be foreseen. This morning the men held a meet- ing, and expressed their thanks to Sir E. J. Reed for the action he had taken in the matter. At the same time they passed a resolution to the effect that if it was ggreed to appoint an arbitrator, tbe arbitration should be on the original demandg of the men, and not on the modified demands as they at present stand. The meeting then awaited with eagerness the result of the deliberation of the joint directorate sitting at the Taff Vale offices. The directors refused to give any information to members of the press, but at 2.15 sent dovn to Mr Harford, the general secretbry,intimatingtrat they had considered the men's modified demands, and could net accept them. At the same time they sent word to Sir E. J. Reed stating their inability to accept him as mediator, believing that his posi- tion as member for the town precluded 1 im from acting in a neutral manner. Thus the matter stands to-day. On receipt of the answer from the directors, instructions were given to redouble all pickets, and preparations are being made for a long strike. Ö
"Peatre, August 11, 1890." TUESBAV. Matters in connection with the great railway strike at Cardiff remained quiet to-day. The isola- tion of the men passed last evening, empowering Mr Harford to settle with Mr James Inskip, the chair- man of the Taff Vale Company, was forwarded to that gentleman, but all efforts te convene a special meeting of the joint railway directorote to empower Mr Inskip to meet Mr Harford were unavailing On Thursday the joint directorate will hold a meeting. Mr Inskip has expressed his personal desire to meet Mr Harford, but a resolution empowering him to so -y. act will be necessary. In the morning Sir E. J. Seed, M.P., delivered a long speech to the men, bitterly criticising the conduct of members of the chamber of commerce, and advising the strikers to make no further approaches to the directors until they had received a reply to their last resolution. A farther force of police has been drafted into the town from a place so far distant as Salford, and others are expected. The inconvience experienced by the cessation of traffic increases rather than diminishes. No attempt was made to-day to run trains, as was anticipated.
THE STRIKE AND ITS LOCAL EFFECTS. What was all along feared has at last come to pa,s-all the collieries in the district, for want of empty waggons into which to tip the ooai, have been compelled to suspend operations, .And on Saturday from eight to ten thousand miners in this immediate neighbourhood are walking about the streets in enforced idleness. A similar state of things pievailed a!l along the valleys from Hafod to Ferndale; and out of fully 30 pits in the Rhondda Vawr, very few, if any, resumed work on MOl day. At timea of strike in their own particu- lar trade, the colliers, thanks to their admirable organisations, are in a position to raise funds for the relief cf those of them that may be concerned in disputes, but under the circumstances now existing, whereby all the pita are almost simulta- neously abandoued owing to outside causes, the miners affected have absolutely no funds whatever from which they can obtain relief; and conse- quently, in the event of the settlement of the railway men's dispute being deferred for any length of time, great privations and suffering must ensue. Among other pits that have suspended work are the Albion, CilfyDydd, where 1,500 men are employed; the Maritime, Pontypridd; the Standard, Ynyshir; Coedoae, Hafod and the pits of the Ferndale Company. The dispute at the Great Wettern Colliery, where 1,500 men are effected, still continues, and no hopes whatever of an immediate settlement are entertained. The colliers, notwithstanding the lose which the crisis has brought upon them, show the greatest sympathy with the railway men in the stand they have taken, and there is not the shadow cf a doubt; that in the event of an attempt being made to carry out the threat to resume traffic, the colliers will, to a man, stand aide by sirie with the strikers in any action they may take. Her.ce it is that the prcceedings af the next few days are looked for- ward to with the greatest anxiety. So far everything has teen quiet locally, and the peaceful and orderly behaviour of the men on strike have gained for them the sympathy of all classes. It is assuredly a fact most creditable to them that Deputy Chief Constable Jabez Matthews was able to assure us that the state of the district was never more quiet and orderly than it is at the present time. No disturbances whatever have resulted from the strike, neither are any anticipated on the part of the railway men them- selves. A112 o'clock on Saturday all sections of railway cxnplsj èa in this district met at the coffee tavern. their temporary headquarters, and marched thenoe in an oiderly procession to the railway Btation. Each man carried h.s uniform under his arm, and at the station landed them over one by one to Mr Price, the etatknmaster, whoafterwards paid them (iff. The procession was witnessed by a large crowd, and seveial lusty cheers for the strikers were called for and heartily given. A most careful watch is being ketp for black. legs," and a large number of pickets have been told off for this duty. During Saturday exciting incident occurred with a blackleg." A middle- aged man of burley appearance was seen in the neighbourhood of the cabstand, inquiring to; a brake to convey him to Porth. He was accosted fey the pickets, to whom he vehemently declared that he waa a mason and had no connecticb with the strike. The pickets professed to be satisfied with this explanation, but on their return to head- quarters they repoited the matter, and an emis- gary WW at once despatched to shadow the stranger's movements, Botb stranger and emia- I s*ry—the former having no snspicion ofr the j latcev's mission—left the town in the same brake, [ aud in dae course reached Porth, where the stranger uok another brake, to convey him to Ystrad. The Porth men, however, were apprised of the matter, and one of their number next followed the strangor^to ifatrad, where the sup- yosed masher was pointed out to the railway men there; who aflain kept their eye upon him until he eventualjv reached Treherbert, where he was left in cbaisre of the pickets in that locality. What evactuaily beeai: of him is not known, but this incident serves to show how close a watch is kept, a.nd how improbable it is for any blacklegs to make their appearance unknown to the men. The Junction men met on Saturday at the Junction Hotel, Navigation, andtpassed a resolu- tion reposing the ut :¡,¡t confidence in Mr Harford I and the executive oounoil. Contrary to expectations the town and market were crowded on Saturday night, and there did not appear to hive been any decrease in the amount I of tyisinegs done. Tradesmen get their goods from Cardiff along the Glamorgan Cunal, and vegetables and other commodities were brought to market in the same manner. The streets have been well- < nigh impasfable all day owing to the large numb ] of vehicles plying to and from the surrounding J towns, grocers' carts cirrying goods from the canal boats up the valleys, and farmers' carts from the Vale of Glamorgan, conveying agricaltural produce to tha market. Several prisoners, tried at an occasional court here this morning were conveyed to Cardiff in a vehicle uader the charge of Sergeant licDonald, anj appeared to fully enjoy the tiip. Several cabs and hansoms, under the charge of the police, have also passed through en route for the valleys the passeugers for the most part, being colliery cashiers carrying money to pay off the miners. At a meeting of local strikers on Monday (Mr W. Williams presiding) resolutions were passed, condemning the action of four or five railway men who had withdrawn their notices, and a'so thank iug Me T. Pascoe Jenkins, J.P,, for his admirable letter re the strike ic that day's "Western Mail." It -was rumoured that Mr Ben Tillett would be in Pontypridd during the morning, and local railway men looked f >rwavd with much interest to hearing him address them upon the labour crisis. To their disappointfnent, however, he did not put in an appearance Aa enthusiastic meeting of strikers was also held in the evening at which pickets were ap- pointed to preveut as far as possib!e the introduc- tion of blacklegs during the night on the Taff Vale Railway. A deputation from the district lodges of Operative Stonemasons attended for tbe purpose of expressing their pymoatby with the strikers and promising financial aid. PUBLIC MEETING AT PORTH. On Monday evening a crowded public meeting was held in Cymmer Chapel, Porth, for the pur- pose of hearing the strikers' cause pleaded. Mr Morgan Williams presided. Mr Sanders, a member of the Amalgamated i Society of Railway servants, denounced the tyrannical manner in which the three railway companies affected by the strike had treated their employes, and appealed to his fellow-workmen to stand firm to their demands. They were fight- ing a battle for all the railway men of the United Kingdom. (Cheers.) Mr Godfrey, guard, Ferndale, paid a tribute to j the press for the support they had given the rail. way men's demands but expressed his regret that the dockers' dispute had become mixed up I with that of the railway servants-a fact which complicated matters. There were, he said, 93 per cent. of Unionists among the Taff Vale Rail- way employes. The remaining 7 per cent. did not belong to the Union, but he was glad to say that nothing but brotherly feeling had been shown the Unionists throughout. (Loud ap- plause.) The Chairman concurred, adding that the society had guaranteed to every non-Unionist half pay for himself and children. Mr Anthony Dew, checkweigher, proposed :— "That this meeting, composed of miners, to- gether with inhabitants of Porth and district, believing that the demands of the railway men are just and reasonable, herewith expresses its sympathy with them in the extreme course which they have been compelled to adopt." Mr W. M. Bowen, who seconded, said there was room for the appointment of a Sweating Commission to inqure into the way the Taff Vale Company treated their servants. He was sure that the revelations would be heartrending. The resolution was carried with enthusiasm. NOTICE TO RHONDDA COLLIERS. The following notice to the Rhondda Valley colliers was issued on Monday "Fellow Workmen,—It is announced that the Taff Vale Cailway Company intend to resume the running of their trains to-morrow (ruesday), August 12, and we regret to say that it is gener- ally circulated abroad that the miners of the two Rhonddas intend, in their sympathy with the railway men, to impede or interrupt the passage of such trains. We, the undersigned, earnestly appeal to you not to entertain the slightest idea of infringing or violating the peace and order in any particular whatever, but to refrain wholly from the least interferance, notwithstanding our unqualified sympathy with the men. The atti- tude incumbent upon us in this unfortunate struggle is to remain perfectly passive and to resort to no violence which would. naturally estrange us from the public, to whom, possibly, we mav be necessitated to ask for aid and assis- tance should this struggle be of a prolonged nature. I "WILLIAM ABRAHAM ('Mabon'), M.P., ) "WILLIAM EVANS, Miners' Agent, I "T. PASCOE JENKINS, President of the Rhondda Labour and Libera Association.
IMPORT ANT MEETING OF STRIKERS AT PONTYPRIDD. I IMPOSING DEMONSTRATION. On Tuesday afternoon an imposing demonstra- tion of local railway men and their sympathisers was held in Pontypridd. The employes out on strike, together with a large number of working men of all classes formed in procession near the coffee tavern and headed by the town brass band marched through Taff-street, Gelliwastad-road, Mill-street, and on to the Mill Field, where a most successful mass meeting was held. The band I tand which had been left up since tl e last Bank Holiday sports was taken advantage cf by the various speakers to address the audience from. Mr William Williams, chairman of the local branch of the A.S.R.S., presided, and in opening the proceedings said that that meeting had been called for the purpose of placing before the public the grievances under which local railwf-ymen had been suffering. He expressed his sorrow that they as railwaymen bad been obliged to take an extreme course in standing up for their just claims, but he wished it to be understood that the men had done all thiY could to obviate the strike. They bad pared down their manifesto until they could almost look through it, and as far as he was con- cern&d he thought themen should now await the approach of the directors. (Cheers). Mr George Monders in respone to an invitation from the chairman delivered an address in explan- ation cf the position of the Taff Vale Railway em- ployes. He contended that on some portion of the T.V.R. the signalmen bad more important end responsible duties to perform than sigralmen on the G.W.R. He mentioned tLat previous to the strike he had had chsrge of a box atTreforest, and in discharging his duti, a he had been obliged to manipulate 66 levers and also attend to a telephone exchange and block telegraph. For this work he received 25s. per week, or a little over 4d. per hcur. (Cries cf sbame). He wished the publio to know, however, that the railwaymen effecttd by the strike were not Agitating for more pay, bu sitrply esilcd for a reduction in the working hours. (App I oust). Mr George Williams was the next speaker. He said he was extremely sorry lor th? state of things which had been brought about by the strike and he hoped taat a satisfactory and amicable settle. ment would soon be arrived at. But whatever the inoonvenienoea the public had to suffer in conse- quence of the strike, he chought they would con- t cede that the railway men were entitled to tair consideration at the bands of their employers. (Applause). MrJamesPullen (trainman, Ferndale) expressed the regret of all the railway men at the fact that thousands of their fellow-workmen in the valleys had been thrown out of employment, and that trade was at a standstill, in consequence of the avarice and infidelity of the railway directors. He hcped the public would forbear with them a little longer, and so prevent the efforts of capital- ists to crush trades unionism in South Wales. (Cheers.) If unionism was a mistake, why should the three companies have combined in the present dispute ? It was most unfair on the part of Pir William Thomas Lewis to introduce the question of the dockers into the dispute, and so conjure up Mr Hiley, whom one would have expected to have had a little more common sense. (Hear, hear.) The Taff directors had made it their boast that they had in their employ a body of men of whom they were proud, but why should they deny to those men the fair and honourable treatment to which they were justly entitled (cheers)-and threaten them with the resources of civilization? (Laughter.) Mr Isaac Liles (a Barry signalman) instanced cases where men with families, who performed responsible duties, Were paid the miserable pittance of 15s per week. ( k Voice: Do they pay rent out of that?" and laughter.) Mr Morgan Weeks (miners' agent) then moved, and Mr John Kemp (a Great Western collier) seconded, a resolution approving of the action adopted by the workmen, and guaranteeing them all possible assistance in their efforts to secure fairer conditions of labour. Speeches in support having been delivered by the Rev E. E. Probert, Messrs H. S. Davies, W. Beaton, and W. John (Ferndale), the resolution was carried amid ringing cheers. On the motion of Mr Geo. Saunder (Tonypandy), seconded by Mr Wm. Williams (Porth), a resolu- tion expressing the confidence of the meeting in cl the Central Committee at Cardiff and Mr Harford, general secretary, was unanimously passed.
MR. HARFORD AT PONTYPRIDD AND PORTH. ENTHUSIASTIC RECEPTION. Mr Harford and several leading mambers of the Cardiff Trades' Council visitr-d Pontypridd, Porth, Aberdare, and other places in the Hill District on Wednesday, and everywhere the reception ac- corded the railway men's champion was of a Dios, tnthusiastic description. Mr Harford reached Pontypridd about mid-day, and was met opposite the New Inn Hotel by the railwaymen and their friends, by whom he was introduced to and cordi- ally received by several of the leading townspeople, who had attended to greet him. After a short consultation with tbe local leaders, Mr Harford and hi3 party left in a large brake for Portb, where they addressed a huge gathering of strikers,miners, and others on the Rheola field. Mr Sounders, Porth presided, and among the speakers were Mr Griffiths (Ysyshir), Mr John Joue3 (P .rth), Mr Morgan Weeks, Mr Idris Williams,Mr Hatchings, Mr Tame. Subsequently Mr Harford drove to Pontypridd and addressed a meeting on Penuel Squire. Mr T. P. Jenkins, J.P., presided and in addition to Mr Harford, the speakers were Mr Morgan Weeks, Mr Jones Powell and others. Mr Harford announced at both places that the men were determined to stand firmly to the programme already before the public. I
PONTYPRIDD OPEN AIR SERVICES, j We should like to remind oar Welsh readers of I the open-air services to be held next Sunday at I the Tumble, when the Rev. J. R. Jones, Taber- nacle, will preach. These efforts of the popular minister of the Tabernacle have our warmest sympathy. Every christian patriot in the neigh- 1 ourhood will appreciate the spirit that prompts the saved to secure the salvation of others. We are not at all surprised to hear that wanderers from the fold are observed with weeping eyes among the returoing prodigals. Let the churches of the town give their hearty support to the move- ment. Let the English congregations wake up to the claims of duty, and seek the lost who are very numerous in this district. There is a vast amount of labour in vain when those who were onoe members of Sunday Sohools have forsaken the centre of moral influence and neglected the in- structions of faithful and prayerful teachers. Let all the ministers of the town erne o t to the I rescue of perishing thousands who have yielded to tempters and allowed themselves to bed, awn from the path of virtue. There are precious jewels among the rubbish, and peradventure some from I Pontypridd mey yet adorn the crown of Emanuel.
LOCAL BRISKER ACHON. At the Glamorganshire Summer Assizes held at I Swansea last week an important Mountain Burn- ing Case came on for hearing. The prosecutor is i a Mr John Edwards who owns a large farm /rear Wattstown, Ynyabir, caMed "Penyrheol farm" and the prisoners names are Michael Quinland, I Robert Haynes, William Morgan, William Car- penter, charles Matthews, John Hawkins, and Henry Short, colliers. The allegation was that ¡ prisoners oarried fire about in tbeir hands and set the gr;iB3 on fire in several places. After a lengthy hearing the Prisoners were found guilty and sentenced to 21 days.—Mr David Lewis (instruct- ed by Mr W. C. Matthews, solicitor, Pontypridd) appeared for the prosecution.
Ystrad Police Court. MONDAY.—Before the Stipendiary and Mr T. P- Jenkins. HAWKING WITHOUT A LICENSE AT PORTH.-Mary Jones, aged 14, was charged by P.C. Bodger with hawking tin goods from house to honse for sale, she having no license. Defendant denied offering them for sale, but the constable said he was in a shop when she asked the tradesman to buy. It appeared that the mother was selling on the other side of the street, and that she was licensed. Their worships thought defenaant acted in ignorance, and having cautioned her, dismissed the charge. DRUNK AT FFRNDALE.-Morgan Hardwidge and William John Evans were charged by P.C. Bowen with being drank and attempting to fight on July 28tb. The constable separated them six times. Hardwidge having beaii previously convicted was fined 10s, and Evans 5s. MEETING A FRIEND AT BLAENCLYDACH. -John Pugsley was charged by P.C. Lewis with being so helplsssly drunk at 10 30 p.m. on July 26th that he had to get help to carrv him home. Defendant said he met with a friend who treated him, and he was overcome by the drink, for which he was sorry. Receiving a good character from the police, he was discharged. DRUNK AT MABDY.—Enoch Grice was fined 10s for being drunlr on the 21st July. P.C. Mead saw defendant fighting with a man, and while the fight was going on defendant's father came out of the house and said to his son, Leave him to me, I'll finish him ofl," and with that he knocked the man down. Defendant would not leave, but wanted to fight again. BONA-FIDES AT PENYGRAIG. Michael Donovan, Michael John Bowen, and Michael Doyle were charged with pretending to be travellers. P.C. Lewis said on Sunday, 27tb July, he visited the Black Diamrnd Inn, and saw the three defendants there drinking. They each gave him a false address, but upon the threat ot being locked up, confessed that they all lived at Penygraig, within half-a-mile of the inn. Fined 15s each. DRUNK AT TREALAW.-Thomas Tucker and Peter Smith were charged by P.C. Llewellyn with being drunk and fighting, but as there appeared to be some doubt, the case was dismissed. Benjamin Aldridge was fined 5s for being drank on the 4th inst. NOX-MAINTENAXCE OF A WIFE AT TREORKY.—Dd. Davies. collier, was summoned for neglecting to main- tain his wife. Sarah Davies, aged 72 years, being 10 years older than her husband, said he had left her on five different occasions. He had now been away nine weeks, and had not given her a shilling. His assigned reason for leaving was because there were three or four married lodgers in the house, and he objected to there being so many women. -The house was in the wife's name, who charged her husband with being fond of drink. Defendint did not appear, but sent a letter to the effect that be had provided apartments for his wife to live him. but she objected to apart- ments, and did not wish to break up her home. Ordered to pay 6s weekly. A YOUTHFUL MADMAN.—James Powell, quite a youth, was charged by P.C. East*nent with being drunk on the 15th July, and going about like a madman with his coat and hat off. He was ordered to pay a fine of 5s. DRUNK AT CWMPARI?.—Samuel Turner was fined 5s for being drank at 12 o'clock on the night of the 2nd inst. P.C. Danks said he found him on the road with his coat, waistcoat, and shirt off, challenging to fight but there was no one there to accept the challenge. ALLEGED ASSAULT AT T.REALAW.-Ricbard Miles was charged with assaulting John Samuels. Both are hauliers, working at Llwynpia Colliery. Defend- ant told complainant to fetch coal from a heading, which complainant refused to do at his bidding. Upon that defendant struck him. Miles said before the blow complainant threatened to strike him with the big pin he had in his hand, and the blow com- plained of was only given in self-defence. The case was dismissed. BASTARDY AT YNYSYBWL.—David Williams, oollier, admitted the paternity of the illegitimate child of Catherine James, of Pentre, anc1 was ordered to pay 3s 6d weekly, expenses, and costs. ASSAULT AT TREORY, Y.-Joseph Poole was charged with assaulting Mary Williams, wife of David Williams. Complainant said on the 2nd inst. defen- dant came to her house and struck her. Just before defendant had beaten her husband outside, and when her husband came into the house defendant followed. She ordered him out, and as he would not go out she pushed him out, when he struck her a violent blow on the forehead, knocking he.: down. After that he smashed her window. STEALING TWO SOVEREIGNS AT PENTRE. —Arthur Hutchens was charged with stealing two sovereigns, the monies of Newman Coker. Eliza Coker, wife of Newman, said defendant had lodged at their house for a month, leaving six weeks ago. He had occa- sionally visited them since, and did so on Saturday last. While he was there her husband came in and put two sovereigns on the table for her. She told him she must have 5s more, and inr husband went out to get change for another sovereign. She was at the fire preparing his supper, and pushed the money under the edge of a place on the table near to which prisoner was standing. Her child upstairs cried, and she ran up to him, leaving the money on the table. In two or three minutes she returned downstairs, and saw defendant standing by the door. He left imme- diately. She at once looked for the money, but it was gone. She went to prisoner's lodginge, but fail- ing to find him there, went to his club." and asked him to give her the money. He denied all knowledge of it. She did nothing more that evening, but next morning gave informatioH to the police, by whom prisoner was arrested. When charged with the theft at the police-station, he not only denied it, but said he had not seen the money. Later on in the day, being de'ained in custody, he told Sergeant Loyns that Mrs Coker followed him to his club and offered him the two sovereigns if he would elope with her. He likewise said about a fortnight ago she offered him a sovereign on the same condition. All this Mrs Coker indignantly denied, and said that about a fort- night ago, when prisoner was in her house, she wanted change of a sovereign, and asked him to get it for her. He then said, What would you say if I were to run away with?" She replied, "I am not afraid of that, I can trust you." Prisoner elected at first to be committed for trial, but on the advice of his friends and soiicitor, Mr C. Matthews, wished the case disposed of summarily. His worship said the most damning evidence against the .prisoner was what he had himself said. Defendants would always find it better to be trathful. Defendant had ruined his cause by the lies he had told about Mrs Coker wanting to elope with him. But for this he might have hesitated to conviot. Fined X3, or six weeks' hard labour.
THE BERMUDAS AS A HEALTH RESORT. The 2nd Battalion Grenadier Guards have been sent to Bermuda, not for the benefit of their health, but as a punishment for insubordination and grave and dangerous breaches of discipline. It would ill become the British Medical Journal to join in the noisy outcry of certain politicians and others against those in authority who are responsible for the disci- pline of the army. We recognise the fact that want of discipline in an armed body of men constitutes an enormous danger to the State and to society. This being so we forbear entering on the question re- ferred to as one quite unsuitable to the pages of a scientific journal. The Bermuday are a group of about 300 small islands in the Atlantic, situated in lat. S2° 20' N. and long. 64° 50' W. The surface is for the most part low, and com- posed of a shelly coral-line rock. The islands are surrounded by coral reefs and in the winter season I they are liable to heavy gales of wind. The climate is salubrious in a high degree, and such diseases as prevail there are distinctly the product of bad sani- tatii^p, for example, enteric fever. Last year the Leicestershire regiment had 139 cases with 22 deaths, all, or nearly all, being, as usual, young soldiers. I The Bermudas are liable to visitations of yellow fever, invariably imported. One of the most illemorable epidemics occurred during the American Civil War, when Bermuda, being the head- quarters of the blockade runners, was over- crowded. The lamentable history of this epidemic was given in a published lecture ad Netley, by Surgeon-General Maclean, then Pro- fessor of Military Medicine in the Army Medical School. The severe comments of the lecturer on the faulty sanitary condition of the principal town, the re- fusal of the authorities to listen to the warning by competent medical authorities of the nearadventofthe epidemic, and the miserable arrangements of those in military command when the disease broke out, caused extreme irritation on the part of those whose obstinacy and contempt for skilled advice had grievously aggravated the epidemic. Instead of recognising that the professor had not, as he himself said, invented the facts," the authorities were ill- advised enough to complain to the War Minister, who, after perusing the lecture, saw nothing worthy of condemnation or rebuke in it. This epidemic cost the lives of 125 officers, non-commissioned officers, and men. It is to be hoped that the lesson of 1866 was not thrown sway. and that the shameful want of even decent sanitation, productive of such terrible results, no longer exists, and that should the still vexed Ber- moothes" be subjected to another visitation of yellow fever during the service of the Grenadiers, the idiotio faults in military administration will not be re- peated. The close intercourse between the United States and the Bermudas affords many opportuni- ties for desertion, of which the tirenadiers, in their present temper, may be tempted to avail themselves. We understand that the 2nd West Riding Regiment lost many men in this way. It has sometimes happened that sending a regiment to an unhealthy station has been attended with more severe penal consequences for misconduct than the authorities contemplated. The 13th Light Dragoons, a great many years ago, were punished in this way. They were sent from Bangalore, tha finest station in the Madras command, to Arcot, about the worst. This station has always had all evil reputation as a favourite haunt of cholera. On this occasion its bad name was more than justified, cholera broke out, and there was a frightful mortality among the men. A tall pillar in the dis- mal graveyard there records the fact. The military authorities are not open to tho charge of sending the Grenadiers to a bad climate; on the contrary, the climate is all that can be desired, and we hope the sanitary arrangements are not what t'iey weri).- Brit ish Medi^rtf Journal.
COLLISION WITH A CUNAllDER. The Cunard steamer Samaria, from Liverpool en route for Boston, called at Queenstown on Friday to embark its Irish contingent of passengers. She reported having experienced a dense fog in the Channel, and at 4 o'clock that morning was in col- lision with the British barque Dacca, from San Francisco, bound for Dublin. The Dacca had the previous night left Queenstown, wlierestie had called for orders, in tow of the tug Knight of St. Patrick. The barque struok the Cunarder on the port bow, but injured only a finall portion of her bulwark*. The Dacca, it is supposed, received some u,)itsi,ier- able damage. The pansengprs on the Samaria were aroused from sleep by the collision, but there was no panic. The Saniitritv, after eiubaikiug passengers, proceeded on her voyage
CHIPS Oi' MEWS. The first Russian bank in Samarkand is to be opened shortly, with a capital of one million and a half roubles. The German Emperor, whilst at Osborne, pri- vately intimated his intention of conferring upon his second son the title of Duke of Heligoland. la is expected that an official announcement will shortly be made. Advices from Mecca state that the cholera is de- creasing there, owing to most of the pilgrims having left on their return home. At, Jeddati, however, the epidemic is increasing in virulence, as many as 148 deaths having occurred in one day. Three men have been drowned at the Talacre and Gronanb lead mine, in Flintshire, by water from an old working bursting in upon them. A fourth man narrowly escaped. The mine is flooded, and the bodies cannot be recovered. Tho men leave wives and large families. There were disturbances on Sunday at Arklow, where a Protestant clergyman was holding an open- air service. A mob, chiefly composed of women, succeeeded in drowning his voice by beating tin vessels and blowing horns. A body of 170 police were present, and prevented any breach of the penca. On Saturday evening a young man, 21 years of asre, named James Ashton, was stabbed in his mother's house, the Cheshire Cheese beerhouse, An- coats, by a dyer named Thomas Cosgrove, of Tame- street, Ancoats, and died immediately, one of the main arteries near the heart being penetrated. A quarrel had arisen between Ashton and Cosgrove with respect to payment for some beer. Intelligence from Osh, in tha Province of Jer- gana, states that Captain Grombcheff's expedition in Central Asia has lost its baggage, and been aeain stopped by the natives. The Englishman Littlesdale, according to the same report, who passed through Osh in May, has crossed the Pamir to Chitral. and is on his way thence through Kashmir, receiving all possible assistance from the native tribes. The Guildford guardians ordered on Saturday the destruction forthwith of a dozen packs of playing cards which had been found in the possession of paupers. The men had been seen playing in the after- noon when they ought to have been at work, and had sat up at night when they ought to have been in bed. Some of the inmates told the chairman that the cards had been supplied tg them by the late matron. On Monday the West Riding police were engaged in making investigations into the suspicious death of two children, daughters of a man named Baxter, re- siding at Shipley, near Bradford. The children were in usual health on Saturday, but on Sunday morn- ing were both found dead in bed The mother states that she gave them a dose of domestic medicine on Saturday night. The bottle has been seized and is beinor analvsed. The recent heavy rainstorms have done consider- able damage to West Suffolk orops, a great portion of which is cut. At St. James's Church, Bury St. Edmunds, on Sunday, service was interrupted by the flooding of the building. The water rushed in by the south-east door, and, extending along the floor, caused quite a commotion among the congregation, some of whom had to leave their seats. The Shire Hall and other parts of the town were also flooded. A curious case has just occurred in Philadelphia. A German named Christian Laaembart, aged 34, accompanied by his accommodating landlady, one Mrs. Haebner, applied to the coroner with the ob- ject of getting that official to purchase the reversion of his mortal remains for 75dols. The applicant stated that he wanted the money to pay his board- bill, and informed the coroner that owing to here- ditary disease he would probably depart from this world at an early date. A fire at the Alexandra Dock, Hull, on Saturday night, caused very great damage. It broke out in a pile of deals, and though the fire brigade worked energetically it was many hours before the conflagration was overcome. The heat was intense. and it was with difficulty the firemen could approach the burning wood, so that little could be done be- yond keeping the flames from reaching the hitherto untouched timber. During the evening thousands ot people went from all parts of the town to witness the terrible blaze, which continued to burn with great fierceness all the night. At Liphook, Hants, on Saturday, Mrs. Margaret Bell, a lady 65 years of age, who was staying for a few days at Kingswood Firs, the residence of Mr. James Mowatt, was taking a short walk, when it commenced to rain. Mr. Mowatt, who was returning with his two sons in a carriage and pair, met her in the carriage drive and took her into the vehicle. The horses immediately afterwards bolted, and dashed the carriage against a tree, overturning it. Mrs. Bell was thrown out, and instantly killed. Mr. Mowatt and his sons were much injured, one of the sons breaking his arm in two places. The horsel rushed on to the coach-house, and one of them was killed by coming into collision with the building. It is reported that Ananyeff District, Southern Russia, is the scene of sanguinary atrocities com- mitted on Jews by the Russian peasantry. The riots, it is stated, began in a village called Nor- darowska, and are now spreading all over the dis- trict. Hundreds of Jewish families are flying to escape the pillaging bands who are roving about from one place to another and inciting the peasantry to murder and rob the Jews. Jewish houses and pro- perty have been destroyed in many places. Those Jews who tried to defend their houses were cruelly- maltreated and plundered, and the authorities who were appealed to for protection have hitherto done nothing to stop atrocities. A duel with swords, arising out of a dispute whieh occurred at the distribution of prizes at one of the Paris Communal schools, was fought on Saturday by M. Benon, who regarded himself as greatly insulted by M. Pierre Baudin, a municipal councillor. In fact, M. Baudin had had M. Benon forcibly expelled from the school, because the latter gentleman had unlawfully taken possession of the chair and refused to be persuaded by words to yield it to M. Baudin, nominated by the Municipality to preside at the oeremony. At the first onset M. Benon received two wounds almost simultaneously, both in the sword arm. The seconds regarded these slight wounds as placing M. Benon at a disadvantage, and stopped the encounter There are great flooderin the Chindwin valley, the river having risen to an unprecedented height. Kindat and Mingin are inundated. A Government steamer has been sent to assist and relieve the in- habitants. The Irrawaddy is also very high, and some anxiety is felt for the safety of the embankment protecting Mandalay. A vigilant watch is being kept. The water is higher than it was in 1886, when the embankment burst. In the district immediately around Mandalay scarcely any rain has fallen the floods are due to the melting snows north of Bhamo and the heavy rains in the northern districts. In the upper portion of the Irrawaddy the current is so strong that the Government steamer George, which was proceeding to Bhamo, was unable to get through a defile and was forced to turn back. Five school-teachers recently sailed from New York to make an extended tonr at the expense of two American newspapers. Miss Eva P. Davies, of Jersey City, received the highest number of votes in a con- test opened by a New York paper to determine which was the most popular teacher in New Jersey. Miss Northrop, of Danbury, Connecticut, was the victor in a similar contest. In St. Louis, Miss Madge Frederick, Mrs. Rose E. Fanning, and Miss Callie A. Pritchett carried off the laurels, and these ladies will see everything worth seeing in Central Europe. From Paris they proceed to Geneva, doing Switzer- land thoroughly. A ride through the Blnck Forest will take them to Baden-Baden, whence their route lies to Heidelberg and Mayonce. So the tour goes on through NO days. The teachers will return to their classes in September. They have nothing to pay from the time they leave New York until they return ex- cept for personal indulgences. During the visit of the Chief Commissioner to Myirigyan, says a Rangoon telegram, a remarkable demonstration was made by the people in favour of Yanyun, a dacoit chief, who recently surrendered on the promise of an amnesty and who has since been condemned to death. The arches erected to welcome the Chief Commissioner were placarded with prayers for mercy. Fifteen petitions praying that Yanyun's life might be spared were presented to Sir C. Crosthwaite. One petition was presented by a deputation of 100 Phoongyees or Burmese monks another was signed by men of all nationali- ties, comprising merchants and several municipal commissioners of Myringyan. The local officials tried to prevent these demonstrations. The sympathy for Yanvun is due to the fact that he did not act towards the people with the cruelty which has marked other dacoit leaders, and that he is regarded by them as a patriot and not as a brigand. A deputation from the Persian residents of Askha- bad has presented bread and salt, in the Russian fashion, to the new Governor of Transcaspia, and re- quested him to admit them subjeots of the Czar. General Kuropatkin, while expressing sympathy with the request and promising them aid, ordered a formal petition to be drawn up to the above effect. An extraordinary case of running amuck occurred the other night in a passenger train between Ham- burg and Lubeck. A Russian traveller, becoming apparently insane, attacked and killed a fellow pasxenger with a knife. He next struck a child, destroying one of its eyes, and before he could be seized had attacked and severely injured the five remaining passengers in the carriage. He was arrested by the railway officials at Wandsbeck, and is now in prison.
TELE BOUTH WALES LABOUk6 DISPUTE. A large trade union demonstration was held OG> Saturday at Cardiff. The procession comprised rail. way men under the leadership of Mr. Harford, general secretary of the Amnlg-amated Society tram- way men, members of the Society of Carpenters and Joiners, Barry wharfingers, and thousands of dockerr- and membersof the Amalgamated Seamen's and Fire- men's TTnion, besides trimmers, labourers, and others., As the proaession made a tour of the chief streets cf the town it presented an imposing appearance, and; the streets were filled with interested spectators. It had been anticipated that some demonstration would be made at the offices of the Taff Vale and Rhymney Railway Companies, but there was practically no demonstration of feeling. The procession, accom- panied by several bands, arrived at the Canton Cattle Market at 5 o'clock. When Mr. T. Davies took the chair there were over 10.00C people present.—The chairman said the Cardiff Trades Council had not taken upon themselves th« responsibility of arranging and carrying out the demonstration until they had satisfied themselves tiiat the demands made by the railway men were just and reasonable. He urged moderation ilt: respect of the demands, but contended that every right the working classes possessed had been gained for them by unionism.—Mr. John Jenkins proposed the following resolution That we, the people of Cardiff and district, in mass meeting assembled, whilst viewing with intensedisfavourrash and incon- siderate resori to stiikes, are fully convinced that the Barry, the Rhymney, and the Taff Vale railway servants have not resorted to this extreme. course until argumentative and pacific meana to obtain their demands had been completely ex- hausted, and had, therefore, no other alternative than to fight for their rights and their emancipation. We, too, have no hesitation in pronouncing their de- mands to be reasonable and moderate to a degree amounting to injustice to themselves. We, there- fore, guarantee them all possible assistance to secure the condi tions of labour they are so nobly figh ting for, and which are conditions much less favourable than those which have been many years in the posses- sion of working men who perform less skilful, less dangerous, and immensely iess responsible services." Sir E. J. Reed said he would do his best to bring, about an understanding and a settlement. He re- joiced to know that by means of trades unions work- ing men had created for themselves great influence and power, and were able to direct themselves with effect towards the objects which they had in view. Trades unions could only be overthrown by annihila- ting the people.—Addresses were afterwards de- livered by Mr. Tillett, Mr. Harford, and others, and the resolution was carried with enthusiasm. In the evening a mass meeting of colliers and railway men in the upper part of the Rhondda Valley was held near Tymybedw colliery, at which the following resolution was carried "That we,the miners present at this meeting, after having heard the grievances of ttio strikers fully explained to us, consider their demands are very reason- able and just, and that we should enthusiasti- cally continue to support the aggrieved workmen as long as the companies decline to submit the question in dispute to arbitration or concede the, men's claims." Hundreds of colliers in the Rhondda Valley are going into voltintary exile rather than prejudice the case of the rail way strike. Thousands met on Satur- day at a mass meeting at Tylacho and passed a reso- lution supporting the strikers. The dockers, whose separate case presents no change, were idle on Saturday, and the Exchange was paralysed. The eastern coal valleys were also in a state of stagnation. More collieries have suspended operations, and from 30,000 to 40,000 hands strolled idly about. Tradesmen are greatly prejudiced by the position, and ther* will be shortly, it is feared, wholesale insolvenoiea. Food is terribly scarce. Fresh meat is out of the question in Rhoudda. Groceries are also at a premium, for the provision shops cannot get new supplies. Poultry and fish are equally scarce, and a great population is reduced to what is almost a vepetarian diet, and not too much of this. j iie Taff Railway men handed in their uniforms on Saturday. They were then paid off. "Black- legs are scarce, all having been sent back. The Swansea Valley engineers and stokers have received a wage adnance of 10 per cent, beyond the sliding scale provision. Butchers' meat in the Rbondda was sold at 2s. per pound on Saturday. On Monday 20,000 colliers marched in procession through Cardiff in protest against the action of the- railway directors. Several huge collieries in the Rhymney Valley have had to stop through the strike. The attention of Superintendent Matthews, Ponty- pridd, has been called to the fact that the police speorts at the tithe war in Wales only aggravated the position, and that probably the same results will attend their being drafted to Cardiff. At a mass meeting of railway servants of Hamilton and districts a resolution was passed, sympathising with their fellow workmen in Wales in their struggle for shorter hours. There was a strong feeling that the friendly interposition and mediation of Sir Ed- ward Reed, in conjunction with other circum- stances, would lead to some arrangement whereby the struggle may be brought to an end, or an agree- ment be come to referring the whole matter to arbi- tration. j A large meeting of men of all grades employed on the Great Western Railway and on the Neath and Brecon Railway was held at Neath on Sunday. Certain alleged grievances were discussed, but the- principal object of the meeting was to express sym- pathy with the Taff, Rhymney, and Barry* Ra lway#men now on strike. A resolution was unanimously passed pledging those present to give every legitimate support to the men on strike, and expressing the determination on no account to undertake to do the work of the latter. They further engaged to use every effort to prevent others from going to woil; in the district, and fully pledged tht-mselves to stand by their struggling brethren." A substantial collection was made in aid of the strike, and it was resolved to contribute a weekly sum for that purpose until the settlement of th. dispute. Some of the speakers suggested that thie was only the beginning of a struggle in which other t-a, %vays would probably soon be involved. On Tuesday there was little probability of the- strike in South Wales being brought to a speedy termination. The directors of the joint railways, afteraprolonged meeting, refused to entertain tho amended demands of the men, m ho on their part, determined to make no further modification. The decision of the railway authorities caused consterna- tion amongst the general public.
LAWLESSNESS IN KENTUCKY. The Kentucky mountains in the neighbourhood of Pikeville have been praotically controlled for many years by outlaws, illegal distillers, and desperadoes, and little attempt has been made to put down the lawlessness that constantly prevails in that section of the State. Within the last five years more than 200 murders have been committed and not a single person has been arrested. In Perry county, which is the centre of disorder, there is not a church, school, or telegraph office. The outlaws burned the court-house two years ago, and no attempt has since been made to hold court in the county until Saturday last, when Circuit Judge Lilly, guarded by several companies of militis, arrived in the town of Hazard, the county seat, and held court in a large tent,, which had been erected for that purpose. A large crowd collected, and several hun- dred outlaws came in from the mountains and lounged about in the outskirts of the town. With great difficulty the judge induced 16 citizens to act ts a grand jury. In his charge he said that the com, tv was 70 years (1M, and while only one man had het-n convicted of murder and sentenced to a short term in the penitentiary, it was on record ti,n t over 500 murders had been committed. He said, I have missed several terms because I was satisfied' that, a court could not be held. My life has been threatened and I have had every reason to expect 8Miassination,«>ut I have determined to do my duty." ) ho jury consented to indict several persons for horse stealing, but frankly admitted that they were ttfi aid to indict a number of the outlaws charged ivith murder. So complete was the terrorism that Judge Lilly was obliged to adjourn the court until. Tcfejday of this week. Meantime the militia have been attempting to make some arrests, thus far. n it host success, and serious trouble is foaregl.
From Mozambique it is officially announced that a decree has been published prohibiting the importa- tion into the colony of the Lakes Company's and the Mombasa Company's rupees after August 22ad. About 10 o'clock on Saturday morning, whilst Inspector Morgan, of Aberdare, and two others were proceeding to Mertbyr on a Great Western rsjjway engine, near the approach to the tunnel they "Hw a cask containing naphtha, which was being used by some repairers, lying across the line. As the en gins- eould not be stopped in time to avoid a catastrophe. the engine was quickly enveloped in a blaze, and the inspector and his companions were very severely burned. Mr. Morgan was conveyed to his residence. St Aberdare, and his injuries were attended to. Tbor other men were swit to Merthyr. t .1