TOPICS OF THE WEEK. SoME sensation has been caused in ecclesiasti- cal circles by the news that the llev. "Father" Rivington has been received into the Church of Rome. Father flivington, who belongs to the great publishing family, is a member of thy Society of Evangelist Fathers of Cowley 0t. John, near Oxford. He is a brilliant preacher of an ultra-florid type, and at one time had a great vogue in Oxford. Of late years he has vorked witlilccnspicuous success as a missonary in India, and for the last winter or two he IIHS taken duty at CaiiDts and San liemo. At the latter place the present Empress Victoria has been a constant attendant on his preaching.
LONDON news in Irish papers is often un- trustworthy, and probably few will credit the utterly baseless accounts of a plot to numlcr :'1 r. Balfour. I have not been able to discover the slightest trace of special anxiety on the part of the police for the safety of the Chief Secretary. Of course he is attended by police, but there is 110 reason to suppose that Mr. Balfour has ever been in the danger which surrounded one or two of his predecessors. Angry men irritated I with coercion might be offensive to Mr. Bill our if he were unprotected, but that he has ever been exposed to such peril as menaced 'iI t-. "Foreter there is no reason whatever to believe. '.be report is being made use of as a support to tfee Ministerial policy, and I should not wonder if during the holidays it is much availed of to ■OM. the void of news.
WK are accustomed to reap after the lapse of few days the evil weather which from time to prevails in America, but the snowstorms atnd blizzards of the present winter have not eöntined their attentions to one place at a time. For example, the news from Swansea and New Zealand presents a remarkable coincidence. .Both places have been visited at the same time by a atorm of unusual violence, manifesting it- self in the same forms, and producing the same .results. The north and south islands of New Zealand have experienced unusually high tides the monotony of which was relieved by a tidal wave. Telegraph wires were blown down, and many miles of railway destroyed. The line which skirts the shore of Port Nicholson was v-setual ly submerged. The storm at Swansea was -,of the same description, if the tidal wave be emitted from the account. The high spring tides, however, havfrJVashed away the Mumbles Tjyromenade, the sea submerging the road, break- ing into the cottages, smashing fishing boats to pieces, and undermining the banks of the bay. Althou gh no serious damage has been done to the Swansea and Mumbles Railway Company and the London and North-Western, the storm lias impeded their arrangements and has only stopped short of invading them as completely as it did the railway lines tn New Zealand. The danger is not yet over, and the prevalence ef rough weather daring the last three months Las been so xleadily maintained that it is im- jp<wsible to feel siirn that the worst is over. The .wi winter of 1888 will long be remembered, not only in England hut throughout Europe, in America, aul even at the Antipodes. It has been eXcetJtionally severe and unusually long, bat perhaps its most remarkable feature is that it has visited all parts of the globe with wonder- ful impartiality, and at times it has appeared that the same movement was actively in force in 0008 moment at two sides of the globe.
THXRK are some people who contemplate with considerable misgiving the fact that man is destined to become a thinking and a working animal instead of a fighting one. it is supposed by these persons that when swords are turned into ploughshares mankind will become a race of milksops. War, we are told, is the parent of chivalry, and the great awakener of a nation's looblest energies. This is quite a mistake. Militarism is the cnrse of humanity, and is but another naine for barbarism. The terrible evil ef it was well stated when the Duke of Welling- too exclaimed, "There is nothing worse than a victory, except defeat." The courage en- gendered by the excitement of battle is of the vulgareat order, and not to be compared with that which men display in everyday life with- out the assistance of the pomp and circum- stance of glorious war." Man will not cease to te Brave when he ceases to be a soldier. The apirit of self-sacrifice and of willingness to risk life for a noble purpose will be fostered the JDOre as in the process of evolution humanity siaes in moral grandeur. Respect for human 'life has increased in spite of the materialism -which has been charged against the present age, and there is not one industry, however humble, that cannot boast of a colouring of romance given to it by its heroes. For deeds of bravery TM have not to look exclusively to the Army Aind Navy, but in a still greater degree to the aon-militaiy services by land and sea-to the -soble army of industry in every walk of life. If anybody doubts this, we can only refer him to the records of the Royal Humane Society /Andthe magistrates' courts.
YKAK by year the work of Her Majesty's In- spectors of Factories and Workshops is extend- ing, and one result is. the steadily increasing of the annual report of Mr. Redgrave, the ..ehief inspector. The volume for last year covers wide area, and embraces statements of the • condition of the workpeople in a great variety employments throughout the kingdom. To MM extent, no doubt, the information thus conveyed may overlap that collected by the Lab-our Correspondent of the Board of Trade. 3D the main, however, the facts and observations 'supplied from the two sources supplement each other, and will furnish when Mr. Burnett's ser- vice » completely organised and developed a much fuller account bf the state of the manual labocur classes than as yet been available. There are now thirty-nine inspectors assisted by ten junior inspectors, with five superintendents, 'xhe report of Mr. Coles, the superintending inspector of Lancashire and Ireland describes inspector of Lancashire and Ireland describes the condition of trade as somewhat improved faring the year. In the cotton industry the fine •piaaing mills were very busy, though the profits of spinners were small, and those pro- ducing coarme- and medium counts were on the whole not working remuneratively. The I -weaving department was fully occupied at CTaoall margins of profit. The velveteen and fustian trade had had an unfortunate ex- perieots, and there was great distress amongst "the "cutters" of these fabrics. Mr. Meade- Xing, whwe district embraces South Lancashire V acd Cheshire, reports upon a number of different Th«? eir«t striking portions of his statement deal wit1, the condition of the work- ing tailors and tiie employment of children, Ike.fertirr- to the former subject, he says that a very 1ar. and rabidly it.creasing number of fOftiga taibr. is being employed. These are not tuniy willing to accept lower wages than Ue, 7 Kagiisfci brethren, bat are also regardless of the of hours which they give to their e3wj>loynient, and it is suggested that •vevitii-wdy their competition must affect the average rate of wages paid throughout the trade. C )'i>ft the Sttoud IIoin t he states that thr engag*r»f children is greatly diminish- ing, ami that white* there were when he beg,at kis vrtsrk 3,'XiO chi! ren in the district, th«rs» tire iw* »tan eiy .'300. indeed he is wichofed to tfeisk that the system of half-time •iNidejmeMt of children is destined speedily to .1Illi yt> an eswi.
» ihtr euninaJ.ion of the Emperor jlwkiMk Emjareww Victoria an King and <uuon OL i:&Wieo will talks.- iamtxp iu June next.
THE INUNDATIONS IN GERMANY. 75,000 PEOPLE HOMELESS. THE EMPEROR'S SYMPATHY. DAMAGES £3,000,000. Terrible news has reached us from Lauenburg, a small town on the Elbe about thirty miles south- sast of Hamburg. The waters of the river and of bhe Stecknitz canal have overflowed, and half of the town is under water. Fifteen villages in the wine district are submerged, and the destruction of property is n heady enormous. Eight persons are known to have perished, and nearly a thousand persons are without shelter. The Elbe is still rising, and other places which have hitherto escaped are igow threatened with inundation. Terrible distress prevails throughout the flooded districts. The Berlin correspondent of the Daily Chronicle writes :—The deplorable state of things in the inundated districts almost baffles description. From all sides we hear of thousands of persons being roofless and bereft of everything by the floods, which are not expected to subside for at least anqther four weeks. In most districts, indeed, the waters- are still rising. Clothing, as well as food, is greatly needed by the sufferers from the inundations. At present it is roughly computed that 73,000 of all ages and both sexes are without shelter, while the loss of property is already estimated at 400,000,000 marks, or some £ 20,000,000 sterling. These figures, however, must be greatly increased if the present anticipations of a continuance of the floods are realised. The dis- tricts chiefly affected are those watered by the Elbe, the Vistula, the Rhine, and the Warthe and their tributaries. On the Elbe the district chiefly af- fected appears to be that surrounding the town of Wittenburge, which is almost midway between Berlin and Hamburg. At Elbing, however, which is situated on the Nocrat arm of the Vistula, matters 1.re much worse, the overflow of the river having caused widespread and absolute destruction. The town of Posen, with its 60,000 inhabitants, is also threatened with inundation from the river Warthe, m affluent of the Oder, on which it stands. Even .Irc ir now the town is deprived of its afdinary lighting, the gas works being flooded. On the Rhine, again,' the river is in many places rising rapidly. At several places all the houses along the banks of the river have been evacuated. It is greatly feared, however, that we havfr not yet touched the worst point, as the snow still lies 3 feet or 4 feet deep in most of the forest-land of Germany, and is only now beginning to melt. Berlin has been visited by an exceptionally heavy thunderstorm, the rain falling in sheets and the thunder being proceeded fcfy blinding flashes of lightning. The Berlin correspondent of the Standnra writes The Emperor has ordered the Home Minister, by telegram, to express his deepest regret and most sincere sympathy with the suffering population of the inundated districts. The Home Minister, who has already visited the flooded territory on the Elbe, has now gone to the Vistula. He has informed the Burgomaster of Berlin by letter that the dis- tress is indescribable, and is, moreover, continuing. The State, he adds, will do its utmost, but even it cannot do all that is required, and Government as- sistance ought to be supplemented by private chayity. The Burgomaster, Herr von Forckenbeck, has therefore, in conjunction with other dis- tinguished men, formed a special committee for the relief of the distressed districts. The Elbe has, fortunately, begun to subside, but it has flooded fifty-six villages, with considerable loss of human life. On the other hand, it is reported that the dreaded rising of the Rhine has com- menced. The Warthe, too, still continues to rise. The extent of the inundations may be illustrated by the fact that the Panke, usually a mere brook falling into the Spree at Berlin, is now so swollen that it swept away a stable and a workshop, and the adjoining houses had to be hurriedly evacuated. Months must elapse before the total losses by all the floods can be accurately estimated, but it is already roughly put at about 100,000,000 marks, or X5,000,000 sterling. Many people hitherto enjoying a competency are now utterly ruined.
TERRIBLE COLLIERY EXPLOSION. GREAT LOSS OF LIFE. NEW YORK. A terrible explosion has occurred in a coal mine at Richhill, Missouri. One hundred miners are entombed. Forty dead bodies have already been brought to the surface. LATER. I<ater accounts regarding the colliery explosion at Richhill show that the number of fatalities is much less than at first reported, but the details received up to the present are of a meagre charac- ter. LATEST. The latest reports from Richhill state that so far five dead bodies, and fifteen miners badly burned have been brought to the bank. Fifteen men still remain in the pit, but little hope is entertained of finding them alive.
BRUTAL "OUTRAGE ON A WOMAN. JUDAS ISCARIOT'S EFFIGY Mary Jane Bert, aged twenty-five, an unfortu- nate residing at 46, Gore Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, was taken to the Royal Southern Hospi- tal under the following circumstances:—It seemed that it is a practice among a certain class in Tox- teth Park to go about early on Good Friday morn- ing with an effigy of Judas lscariot stuck on a pole, and a number of persons carrying such an effigy knocked at Bert's house. They presented the effigy at one of the windows, at the same time asking for money. Bert, who was in bed at the time, got up, and, putting her head out of the window, requested the men to ero away, at the same time informing them that she had given to another lot of men who had been round at an early hour with a similar effigy, and could not afford any more One of the men in the street then hurled a brick at her, which struck her in the eye, and burst the eyeball, the constituent parts of which were hanging on her cheek when she was taken to the hospital. After this the men ran off, and none of them have yet been appre- hended. The woman being already blind owing to a growth of cataract, for which she is about to undergo an operation, there is only a faint hope that she may be preserved from total blindness.
FIRE AND FLOOD IN HUNGARY. The inundations that have laid several towns and villages in Hungary desolate are being succeeded by devastating tires, that add the finishing stroke to the misery of the unfortunate peasants. The town of Gross-Kikinda has been almost entirely destroyed, and one-half of the town of Bekecs has shared a like fate. From Temesva and Szegedin large conflagrations are also announced. Mean- while there I no diminution in the floods, and the horrors of the situation have been increased by serious storms. The Kahlenberg, near Vienna, and the Schneeberg have also been visited by destruc- tive storms.
ANOTHER SCANDALOUS DIVORCE SUIT. There is a whisper of early revelations in the divorce court which will fully compensate society for the torment of expectation long deferred. JProceedings have been on foot for months, but Owing to the personal influence of a very exalted personage the case has hung fire hitherto, and it was even feared that it might be compromised out- side the witness-box. The principals are a noble- man who has figured in the same court already and a young lady very well known as one of the reign- ing queens of society. The disclosures will form I the most piquant dish of scandal served up for many a long day.
THE ROBBERY FROM ATHENS MUSEUM. In compliance with instructions from the Greek Consul, the police have arrested a man named 1 Raftoponios on suspicion of being the author of the robbery from the Numismatic Museum at Athens, in No\ ember last, of ancient medals and f:oi,.s to the nJa. of francs. Upon the Louse of the prisoner Leii searched the police found the greater rortion of the coins recently stolen from the premises of M. M. Fenardentet LoLlia, in the Rue Louvois. Upwards of 4,300 children of Windsor, and 643 men, have been provided witli dinners since Christ- mas from the Princess Christaiu's fund. Throe-and-one-half tons of diamonds, valued ab £ 20,000,000., have been taken from the famous Kimberley mine since its discovery in 1871. Duke Carl Theodore of Bavaria, who practices as a physician, last year had 4,000 patient s, and per- formed 200 operations for diseases of the eye. President Cleveland's wife strongly denies that her mother, Mrs. Folsom, is going to marry a member of the President's Cabinet. A body has been found at the bottom of a 160. fathom deep shaft at Bothwell Castle Colliery. Who the poor fellow was is not known. Herbert Lord, of Lebanon, Me., struck Willie Davis, of the same town, with an apple in the tem. pie. Davis died twenty-four hours iater. The Bishop of London has licensed the Rev. Edward Davidson as minister of the French Pro- testant Church, Bloomsbury-street. Ravenscourt Park, Hammersmith, which was purchased last November by the Hammersmith Vestry and the Metropolitan Board of Works for £58,000, is to be opened in May. Swine fever has broken out in Jersey, and thirty- eight pigs belonging to one breeder have been destroyed by order of the sanitary authorities and in the presence of the police. During last year the legacies received by Sb. Mary'c Hospital, Manchester, amounted to £$,300, all of VI hieh, with the exception of £ 100 appropri- ated for income, has been invested. A cordou of Turkish troops having been placed on the frontier at Mustapha Pasha, the Bulgarian Government has requested explanations from the Porte on the subject. The Russian Government proposes to reform its system of punishment, and in future imprisonment will, in the majority of cases, be substituted for deportation to Siberia. The House of Representatives has passed the vote of 23,000 dollars to provide for the representa- tion of the United States at the Barcelona Exhi- bit ion. Tiio rates which have just been levied by the Town Commissioners of Ramsey, in the Isle of Man, show a very substantial reduction on those of last year. A Boston ship named the William Tapscott, with a cargo of granite, foundered off Bude the other morning, but the crew of nineteen were happily saved. A proposal is on foot in India to establish a Hospital Saturday Fund in that country, the money to be contributed and expended irrespective of creed or caste. At a public meeting at Salford a resolution was adopted declaring the Suniay opening of libraries to be conducive to the highest interests of morality and religion. Colonel West, M.P., has bedh unsuccessful in his endeavours to obtain payment from the Treasury of the costs of the Tithe Riots Enquiry lately held by Mr. Bridge. The number of chief operations performed at the Shropshire and North Wales Eye Hospital during lasb year was 210. Of 60 operations for cataract: only two were unsuccessful. His Grace the Duke of Westminster has ill-it made a donation of £100 to the Parkes Museum to aid in its work of practical teaching and demon. strating sanitary science. At the inquest as to the death of the little girl whose body was found in an ash pit at Stockport, a surgeon expressed the opinion that the chilli had fallen into the place. An open verdict was returned. It is reported from New York that the car wlieds of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railway at Aurora, Illinois, had been destroyed by lire. The damage is estimated at 173,000 dols. It is said that the Manchester Wesleyan Mission Committee are likely to come into possession of the Great, Bridgewater Street and Ebenezer Chapels, and to work them as Mission places purely. Russell Abbey^the Chicago octogenarian, whose septuagenarian wife Emily sued him for divorce on the ground of cruelty, has been ordered to pay 7 dollars a week alimony and 40 dollars for solici- tor's fees. A German family named Stype, residing at Old. ham county, Kentucky. were informed that they wera heirs to a fortune of 76,000,000 dols. It is now found out only to exist in their lawyer's imagina. tion. The New York authorities have for the present refused to permit the landing of the passengers, numbering 500, brought by the steamer Britannia from the Mediterranean owing to a recent case of smallpox. Major Starkey, J.P., died at his residence, Wren. bury Hall, Cheshire, the other morning, aged 81 years. The deceased gentleman leaves several children. One is a barrister in London. The heir to the estates is now in Canada. Major Burcham, a gentleman, staying at the Dundey Hotel, Sherborne, has met with a serious bunting accident. Major Burcham's horse, in taking a fence, stumbled and,fell, and rolled over its riuer, and broke four of his ribs. A telegram from Morpeth states that Major James Haswell, of the 3rd Northumberland Fusiliers, and commanding the Morpeth Company, has been found dead in a railway-carriage while OIl his way to Newcastle. C, Great damage has been caused in Guernsey by high tides and floods. On the southwest coast ol Ireland the fishing fleet, has suffered considerably from the furious gale. The Government are credited by a London cor. respondent with a desire to shelve their Irish pro- posals until 1890, by occupying all this session with English local government, and to devote the session next year to a local government measure for Scotland. The men Walker and Smith in custody at Gree- nock charged with smuggling, have been refused admission to bail. It is expected that they will be tried at the Edinburgh Superior Court. It is said there are still 1,5001b. of smuggled tobacco in Greenock as yet undiscovered. A Berlin correspondent telegraphs that it is at present computed that 75,000 persons are without shelter owing to the floods in the districts watered by the Vistula, the Elbe, the Rhine and the Warthe, and their tributaries, while the destruction of pro- perty is estimated at some 20 millions sterling. A movement is on foob at Lewes to frame an appeal to the Chancellor of the Exchequer to abandon his proposal to abolish hawkers' licenses, on the ground that the increase in the number of itinerant hawkers which would thus be caused would be an injustice to country shopkeepers, who are subject to local taxes, from which the travelling hawkers are free. John William Thompson, a confidential clerk, lately employed by the Warwickshire Furnishing Company, Kirkgate, Leeds, has pleaded guilty, at Leeds, to embezzling various .sums of money, the property of his employers, and was sentence I to six months' imprisonment. The prisoner ab sconded about a month ago and enlisted in tne 20th Hussars, and was arrested at Woolwich. A reward of 150 guineas has been offered by Messrs. Wood Brothers to any person nob the actual offender for such information as would lead- to the conviction of the persons who wilfully set fire to John-street Mill, Heywood. A dispute oil the wages question was going on at the mill, and it is suspected that the fire was the result of incen- diarism. The body of a well-known contractor in the Bicester district has been found in an old stone- pit, which was full of water, at the cross roads be- tween Hey ford and Caulcott. His hat was lying on the bank, but nothing yet has transpired to show how the deceased, who was 68 years old, got into the pit, which was only three or four feet deep. A labourer named Samuel Hughes, with a com- panion, was taking home a large farm seed roller with harrows attached at Wrexham, when he met with a dreadful death. Both men had been walk- ing alongside the horses for some time wben Hughes mounted the shaft, and after going a i-b listance fell, the roller and harrow passing over him, mutilating his bo ly in a terrible manner. He .lied almost immediately. A married workman, residing in Wolverhampton, recently eloped with a woman under somewhat) singular circumstances. He obtained the m niev for his flighb by representing to his empioyer, a orassfounderat WiMenhall, that his child had died, ind that lie lacked the means of defraying the jxpenses. As a matter of fact the man had no children. He has ninoe returned to Wolverhamp- loii. and is now undeistood to be an inmate oi il.e workhouse.
WHO WAS GEORGY? 1 The king, in his walks about his farms, was often alone, and many pleasant little incidents occurred on meeting with rustics to whom he was sometimes unknown. One day he had to pass through a narrow hedge-gate, oil which sat a yuuug I clown, who showell no readme-s in moving. Who are you, boy? said the king. "I be a pig-boy," answered he Where do you come from? Who do you work for here? "I be from the low country; out of work at pre. sent." Don't they want lads here? said the king. ''I don't know, rejoined the boy "all belongs hereabouts to Georgy." "Pray," said his majesty, "who is Georgy? "He be the king, audlive at the castle but ho does no good for me." His ma esty immediately gave orders at his farm hard by to have the boy employed, and when he saw him told i.itii to be a steady lad, and "Georgy" might do some good for him.
NOT MUCH DIFFERENCE. Dr. D a Parisian practitioner, is a great connoisseur in peaches. One of his patients. Lord W., said t) liiiii last year: We If, doctor, come and pass a couple of days with me in London, and you will be able to satisfy your tastes." The Frenchman accepted the invitation, and was treated like a prince. At decs^rt they offeied him a peach as big as a melon. He ate it, made a grimace, but said nothing. Tlio liost, surprised at his taci- turnity, hastened to put the customary question: "How do you like the fruit?" when piercing cries were suddenly heard from the adjoining chamber. The guests leapt from the table and rushed to tho drawing-room, where they perceived a three-year- old child giving voice to a most noisy despair. '•What's the matter with Tony?" asked the mother, of the little fellow's maid. '•He's lost his ball, your ladyship. I've looked everywhere for it—under the furniture, up and down, and I Ctll't put my hand on it." I-Otie moment, "exclaimed Dr. D—:— anxiously* "was the bail made of cotton?" "Yes, certainly; but what of that?" "Ah, poor child I" exclaimed the doctor; "he will never see his ball again—uevgr again. I've just itwallowed it. I took it for an English peaclil"
WASHINGTON IRVING. Irving was as quaint a fguro as the Diedrich Knickerbocker in the preliminary advertisement of the "History of New York. Thirty years ago lie might have been seen on an autumnal afternoon tripping with an elastic step along Broadway, with "low quartered" shoes neatly tie 1, itiiti a Talikin cloak-a short garment that hung from the shoulders like the cape of a coat. There was a chirping, cherry old-school air in his appearance which was undeniably Dutch, and most harmoni- ous with the associations of his writing. He seemed, indeed, to have teppell out of his own books and the cordial grace and humour of his ad- dress, if he slopped for a passing chat, were delight- fully characteristic. He was then the most famous American man of letters; buthe was simplyfree from all self-consciousness and assumption and dogmat- ism. Congenial occupation was one secret of lrving's cl eorfulness and contentment, no doubt. And lie was called away as soon as his task was done—very soon after the last volume of the Wash- ington" issued from the press. Yet he liyed long enough to receive the hearty approval of it from the literary men whose famdiarity with the Revolu- tionary period made them the best judges of its merits.
IN COURT. A young lawyer tells a story about himself which is good enough to go on record. lie was engaged in a etis not long ago, when a witness was put in.he box to testify the reputation of the place in question. This witness, a stage-driver, iu answer to a query as to the reputation of the place, replied "a poor shop." The lawJcr inquired. "Yoa say it has the repu- talion of beillg a poor shop." 11 Yes, sir." "Whom did you ever here say that it was a poor shop? The witness did not recollect of any one he had heard say so. "What! said the lawyer, "you have sworn this place has the reputation of being a poor shop, and yet you cannot tell of any one you ever heard say so? The witness was staggered for a moment; in the words of the lawyer, "I had him! and the lawyer was feeling triumphant, when the witness gathered himself together, and quietly remarked, addressing his questioner, "you have the reputation of being a clever lawyer, but I never heard any one eay so,"
THE GEORGE AND BLUE BOAR. A relic of old London is now fast disappearing, The lilue Boar— The George and Blue Boar, as it came to be called luter-in liolhorn. For more than two huudred years this used to be one of the famous coaching-houses, whence stages went to, and where they arrived from the northern and midland counties It is still more famous as being the scene, if Lord Orrery's secretary, Morrice, is to be credited, where Cromwell aid Iretoji, disguised as troopers, cut from the saddle-flap of a messenger a letter which they know to be there from Charles I. to his queen. They had previously iiitere, pte(I a letter from her to her husband, in which sLe reproached him for having entered into a compact of reconciliation with Cromwell and his party. This letter was sent, and they knew this to be tluf reply, in which Charles spoke of them as rogues whom he would hang in. stead of rewarding. According to Morrice, this sealed the fate of Charles. Such is the legend con. uected with The Blue Boar in llolborn, which is described, in Queen Anne's reign, as opposite Southampton-square.
INDUSTRY. lie is idle that might be better employed. The idle man is more perplexed what to do than the in- dustrious in doing what he ought There are but few who know how to be idle and innocent. By doillg nothing we learn lo tio ill. His ordinary manner of spending time is the on.y way of judging of any one's inclination and genius lie that follows recreations in- tead of his own business shall in a little time have no business to follow. Of all the diversions of life there is none so pro- per to fill up its empty spaces as the reading of use- ful and entertaining author. and, with tliat, the Conversation of a well-chosen friend. A man of letters never knows the plague of idle- ness; when the company of his friends tails him he finds a remedy in reading or composition. Action keeps the soul in constant health; but id'eness corrupts and rnss the illilitl fOl- IL Iliall of great abilities may, by negiigeiue and idleness, be- come so mean and despicable as to be &it iucuui- b.auce to society and a burden to himself. i
PLAIN PEOPLE. Plain men, nay, even ug'y little fellows, have met wiih toLiabie success among the fair. Wilkes's challenge to Lord TownshenM is well known. "Your lordship is one of the handsomest men iu the kingdom, and! am one ot the uglie t: yet, give me but half an hour's start, and I will enter tiie lists against you wit', any woman you choose to name, because you will omit a fentions, on account ol your tine exterior, which 1 shad double, oil account of my plain one." lie used to say that it took him half an hour just to talk away his fa. e. lie was t-oexceedingly ugly, that a iotiery ollice keeper once offered him ten guineas not to Iiii-S Iiis iviii-1, w wliiist tite tickets were drawing, for fear of h.s bringing ill-luck upou tile liouo. Balzac says that ugliness signifies little, provided it be: It ¡""I. II/' /1I11'1'('I/I.t, for exam- ple, who desired a female correspondent, who had never seen him, and WaS anxious to form some uo- tion of his face, to fancy a tiger marked with the small-pox i
To recognise is something, to know is better. 1 lie great art of lite is to pl. y for much ana stake little. Hope is the gay to-morrow of the mimI, that never conies. When ill news toi, late to be Serviceable to your neighbour keep it yourself. Hie heart mm-t be beaten or bruised, and then the sweet scent will come out. 'i I lose beings only are lit for solitude who like no- I o v, are I ke nobody, and are like i by nobody. i he iliffeien e beiuvcn perseverance anil ob- fli, ;y is LL-;LL ,IIL- conies from a. ttrOllg will, out L,i-i utlit:r ',rujij at stroiig won't.
FOREIGN E W S. THE EUROPEAN SITUATION. VIENNA. lb is scmi-officially declared that the Princess Clementine's journey to Munich, Brussels, and Paris is dictated neither by political nor financial reasons, the sole object of the Princess being to recruit her health by a little change. It is not to be supposed that the external rap- prochement between Russia and Germany will tend very materially towards facilitating a solution of the Bulgarian question. Should Russia, even on the strength of a common understanding with Germany, actively intervene in the Bulgarian question, Austria would, now as hcretofore, have no other course open to her than to declare this an attack upon Austrian interests and as in any such contingency she would be entitled to call upon Germany for that Power would have no option but to give it, whether she wished to oi not.
ITALY AND ABYSSINIA. THE IMPENDING BATTLE. ROME. A Central News telegram from Rome says News from Abyssinia is eagerly awaited here, there being a prevalent belief that an attack will imme- diately be made by the Abyssinians upon the Italian troops. The latest news from Massowah states that the forces of the Negus have arrived at Ailet, only seven kilometres from Sahati. A Central News telegram from Rome says Despatches from Massowah bring intelligence that the Abyssinian forces made an advance towards Sahati. The Italian troops, apprised by their scouts of the movements of the enemy, assumed order of battle. No attack was, however, made. A large column of Abyssinian cavalry passed nn th of Sahati, with the apparent intention of oircum- venting the Italian position. At present General San M.irzano, who is strongly entrenched at Sahati with 10,000 men, victualled for two months, will remain on the defensive. It appears likely thab the forces of the Negus will take up a position near Dagali, with the hope of cutting off the railway and telegraphic communication between Moukullo and Sahati. Should the enemy accomplish this, it is as yet uncertain whether they will besiege the Italian position or attempt to carry ib by force. A Central News telegram from Rome says :— Mr. Portal, who represented England in the re- cent Anglo-Italian Mission to the Negus, will leave Rome for Florence, where he will be received in audience by Queen Victoria. A telegram from Rome says the following tele- gram from General Maszano has been received by the Minister of War Massawab. Towards 11 o'clock last night the approach of the enemy's I columns was reported along the whole front be- tween Sabarguma and Fort Jangus. The Italian troops took up the positions previously selected in case of attack. Later on it was ascertained tliab the enemy had arrived within about an hour's march from the Italian outposts. Our position, however, liasiiot been assailed, and no attack ap- pears to be imminent. A column of the eiieiiiys cavalry has just been seen moving from Gumhoa in the direction of the desert.
DESTRUCTIVE TORNADO IN KANSAS. NKW YOKK. A Central News telegram from New York, says :—A furious tornado has half destroyed the town of Ninnescat, in Kansas. Three persons were killed and seventeen injured, two fatally. The storm was felt severely over Kansas City, and the torrents of rain which accompanied it, having softened a large portion of the bitiff which over. hangs part of the town, a landslip also occurred. Seveial buildings were crushed, and it .is feared that a further slide will follow and demolish throe large blocks of buildings at the side and foot of the blulf.
THE FLOODS IN GERMANY. A HUNDRED VILLAGES INUNDATED. BPRLIN. The news jusb received from the inundated dis- tricts is of an even worse character than previously. In West Prussia alone the extent of ground covered by the floods is enormous, while several hitherto prosperous villages have been entirely swept away, aud large quantities of cattle and sheep drowned. The loss of property is at preseutquite impossible to estimate, but it cannot fail to attain enormous proportions. Both bo the districts of the Vistula and the Elbe several battalions of engineera have been dispatched, to rescue the inhabitants of those towns and villages which are in danger. On the Elbe a sad accident has occurred in connection with the floods, 14 soldiers having been killed I while endeavouring to remove the ice-block by blasting. The distress is so great, and promises to be so very severe in the near future, that subscrip- tions in aid of the sufferers are being opened by all the newspapers. CASSKL. Appalling accounts are being received here of the inundations caused in the Elbe district by the accumulation of ice and the consequent breaches made in the river banks. From Wittenberge to Dannenberg and Boizonburg both banks of the Elbe are flooded for miles. A hundred villages are under water, and there has been some loss of life. The damage done is enormous and the dis- tress terrible. Many cattle have been drowned.
THE CANADIAN NORTH-WEST, OTTAWA. It is understood that the Government will shortly introduce a bill creating a legislative assembly for the North-West territory, to consist of 25 members, including three judges of the Supreme Courb of the territory, who will sit in the House, bub have no vote. The Canadian North-West has generally es- caped the severe weather which has prevailed in Dakota and in other parts of the United States. All along the Canadian Pacific Railroad, from Victoria, British Columbia, to Lake Superior, the temperature is from 30 to 40 degrees higher.
THE BUDGE T. STATEMENT BY MR. GOSCHEN. THE REVENUE SATISFACTORY. The total revenue for theexfiiriug year (of which one week, of cour.-e, is estimated only) he stated at £8!J,58!1,000, being XI,454,000 more than the Budget Estimate, and explaining the items of in- crease, he dwell, especially on the drink revenue, the decline in which has been arrested for the first) time for many years. The loyal demonstrations incidental to the Jubilee had produced a consider- able increase in the beer duty. Stamps had brought in £ 12,940,000, boing £ l, 182,000 more than last year The death duties, owing to 3 windfalls—two estates of three millions and one of over one million and a quarter having fallen in—had considerably in- creased. Income tax had practically remained stationary. The neb result of a comparison be. tween the revenue and expenditure of the year is to convert, the estimated surplus of £ 289,000 into an actual surplus of £ 2,lfj5,000. In addition to this the balances are so strong that Mr. Goschea said he was in a position to pay off any of the holders of Now Threes who would prefer to take the mdViey rather than the new stock and as to the debt, the resultof the year's finance is that the National Debt has been reduced by £ 7,601,000, of which £ 7,21)2,000 has been paid oub of the taxation of the year, the largest sum since 1872-3.
NRXT YEAR'S REVENUE. This he estimated at X89,287,000, of which £ 74,856,000 is from taxes, being 9591,000 less than last year and the remainder, receipts from Posb Office, telegraphs, Crown lands, &c., amountingto £ 14,431,000, an increase of £ 302,000. The com- parison of the expenditure with the taxation of the year, on the existing basis of taxation, shows an estimated surplus for the comingyear of 92,377,000. Passing then to the future basis of taxation, he re- marked that havoc and devastation were played with this remaining surplus by the claims of the clients of the President of the Local Government Board. The resolution with regard to bottled wines was- agreed to, bub the other resolutions were post- poned.
An explosion of dynamite, by which four persona were killed and several injured, has occurred at a factory near Bilbao.
WIT AND HUMOUR Hail Fellows—'Bus conductors. What comes after cheese! A mouse. The black art—A bpotblack's business. An act to amend—Sewing on buttons. The mirror has ample time for reflection., Always open to conviction—The prisoner. The Largest Room ia the W orld The room fat improvement. If a Bedouin should lose his teeth, would he talk gum Arabic ? Why is nature like a baby ? Because there ii generally a squall when its face is washed. A chiropodist announces on his business came that he has "removed corns from several of the crowned heads of Europe. Husbands who accept engagements out for the evening now write in the corner of the letter, WJEV —wife permitting. Little man I understand, sir, that you have called me an unmitigated liar ?—Big Man No, I didn't use the word unmitigated.—Little Man j Then I accept your apology. Judge W'iiat sort of a man, now, was itwhonz. you saw commit the assault?" Constable: Shulo. var honour, he was a small insignificant craythur-- about yer own size, yer honour." "No, I've never been sea sick, bub I've come mighty near it," said a lawyer to a lady friend. "That's funny. \Vhub do you mean?" "I once, saw two men kiss each other. Ugh A stump orator exclaimed, I know no north*, no south, no east, no west, fellow-citizens?'* "Then," exclaimed an old farmer in the crowdø "it's time you went to school and larnt jograpby. Editorial Appeal.—An editor announces tJus. arrival of a twelfth responsibility at his bouMØ- and makes the following appeal thereafter s—» More subscribers wanted immediately at thia office." t "Did you ever go to a military ball?" asked •. lisping maid oi an old vatei-ati. 16 No, my dear, growled the old soldier, 'I once had a military ball come to me, and what do you think ?-it took my leg off." < Lord Byron's valet once greatly excited the- anger of his master by observing, while Byron woo examining the remains of Athens, "La 1 my lorcu what capital mantelpieces thab marble would maka in England." As the convalescent patienb said to the doctor when an extravagant bill was presented. What's the use of your saving my life if you shove a bill at me afterwards so big that I worry myself let death over it?" "Malam" said the tramp. "I'm hungry* enongh to eat raw dog." "Well," she responded kindly, suiting the action to the word, I'll whistle some up for you." The tramp lefb, taking his appetite with him. Brown: why don't you open your umbrella? 1 Coles Well, to tell you the trubh, I'm afraiii1 some one in tho crowd will recognise it. Brown s Then, why do you carry it? Coles: Afraid some- one will call for it. while I am out. Two housemaids out for a holiday, paused to look at two ehalllluliers in a shop window—a nno eight.een-bianch one, and one of three branehes. "Which do you like best?" asked the youngec maid. The three branclres," said the elder-»■ it's easier cleaned." Aetor Did y.11 ee me in "Richard the Thij-- L* Inst season Friend (?) Yes, I saw you.-Weli-. ah—what do you think of my interpretation of tha hunch-backed tyrant? Don't I play him as ha should bo played ?—Yes, you played him villain- ouAy. Before any man seta out to invent perpetual, motion, wo recommend his practising the trick of' gelLing in a basket and lifting himself by tlll" handles. When he succeeds it thab he can ahead with perpetual motion with some prospects of success. Were our film a quill from the pinion of the- loftiest seraph that basks in gleaming glory anil, dipped in the refulgent radiance of the rainbdw'a fountain, we could not describe how supremely" ha j >py one of our young men looks wbeu in that- ethereal presence of his adored one. A father scolds his son for his numerous- errors*- Really, governor, you were once young; did: you never have a frolic?" "Never," said the father, with a sigh. When I was young I had no money, and when I became rich it was too- late." They were talking over music and the drama afr the table of their hosb, a self-made man, whelk' someone inquired, "You are fond of Rossini ? "Passionately," replied he, Know his 'Barber'?*^ No, I do not—have shaved myself for the lasfe forty years." Why did you not deliver the message as I gavit, it to you ?" asked an irate gentleman of his. ser- vant. I did the best I could, air," replied the- man. "So you did the beat you could, did you? If I had known I was sending a donkey, I woulcl. have gone my3elf." Miss Eugenie Oh, Mr. De Garmo, I hear you are a devoted follower of Terpsichore. Do you enjoy the recreation ? Mr. De Garmo Terpsichore. Terpsichore. Well, really, Miss Eugenie, I don't*, believe I'd know the fellow if I should see him. "What are you waiting for, little boy?" enquirect a kindly old gentleman of a street urchin, who was watching each passer by intently. Waitin' for ik<. gentleman with a big moustache, smokin' a cigar, Then I'll follow him, an' get the stub." "Bp mea • with big moustaches amoke better cigars ?" "Naw? but dey don't smoke 'em so shorb." A lady who has been abroad was describing soma, of the sights of her trip to her friends. Butt what pleased me as much as anything," she con- tinued, "was the wonderful clock at Strasburg. Oh, how I should like to see it 1" gushed a pret ty young woman. "I am so interested in such things I And did you see the celebrated watch on lohe Rhine, too ? A lady customer and a clerk in a store were dis- cussing cremation, the clerk thinking it a most re- pulsive and inhuman way of disposing of thedead, the lady approving of the practice. Well exclaimed the lady, I expecb to be burned when I die." The clerk replied, thoughtfully I pre- sume that a] I depends on where you go to." The old clerk of a little rustic parish, although he had for years, Sunday after Sunday, given oub the psalms and hymns to be sung in the service* had never quite mastered the Roman numerals. One morning, after some consideration, he an- nounced Psaim XLII., in the following style Let us sing to the praise and glory of God tha X, tho L., and the two-eyed Psalm 1" "Why," inquired a country clergyman of one of his flock, "do you always sleep in your pew when I am in the pulpit, while you are all attention when a stranger is here?" "Because, sir," was the reply, when you preach I know it's all right J but I keep a good look out on a stranger." A watch was stolen in the pit of the Opera in Paris the loser complained in a loud voice, and said, It is just nine in a few minutes my wateli. will strike tho sound is loud, and by that means we shall ascertain where it is." The thief, terri- fied at this. endeavoured to escape, and by his agita- tion caused bis detection. The servant of an officer one day met a crony, who inquired of him how he got along with his fiery master. Oh, excellently answered the servant. We live on very friendly terms every morning we dust each other's coats; the only ditlerence is, he takes his coat off to be dusted, and I keep mine on." A Glasgow volunteer of gigantic dimensions entered a glover's in that city the other day, and, laying his hand down on the counter, demanded. "Coot you cover that?" The shopkeeper care- fully tapped the organ of prehension and quietly remarked, "Well, sir, not from stock; but if you can wait for a few days we will try to get a hidtS that will make a pair for you." X. is alluding to an acquaintance in terms tha. very reverse ot complimentary. "Curioustobean you saying thtlt of him remarks a friend- -1 I thought you were under obligations to him?" Who—1 ? Oh, not at all. You see, he lent, ma some monoy once but the next time I wanted to borrow, of him he refused, merely because I hadn't returned the nrst; and so that made it even." A little boy was still wearing apparel partaking of a mixed character of boys' and girls'. His short gown worried him a great deal; he was anxious to got a boy's jackeb Eiiid trousers. Finally his aunt sent him, as a present, the garmeuts be had so long sighed for. As soon as he was dressed, ho went up to his mother, and exclaimed joyfully, Now it is all over! I am a man for ever I There id no danger now that I shall be a girl."