WILL OF MAJOR OKRED. Major John Cavendish Orred, of Tranmero, Euuoom and Weston, and of Lavant House, Cliichcster, Lord of the Manors of Runcorn, Wes- ton and Tranmere, who d;cd on October 13, at Chichestcr, ag-cd 64, grandson of Mr. George Crre-d. formerly a well-known solicitor in Liver- pool, left estate of the gross value of L276,367 158. 7d., of which the nett. personalty has been sworn at £ 220.025. 16s. 6d. Frobato of his will, dated 14th July, 1900, with a codicil of tho 1st September, 1903, has been granted to his widmv, Mrs. Caroline Alexina Orred, and Mr. Frodk. North, of Waiter-street, Liverpool (to whom for his services ho bequeathed £ 200), power being reserved to grant, probate also to his son, Mr. Roland George Orred, on attaining majority. The testator directed that, his son Roland Georgo should be educated at Eton. To h's groom, Alfred Sc.a.rratt, he bequeathed £ 100. To his widow he bequeathed EI,M. all his hoi'sos, car- riages and consumable stows, the use for life of his household effects, £ 4C0 per annum for tho rental of a house, and such a sum as with her marriage settle merits shall make up her income to £ 2,600 per annum. He left. all his real estate and a valuable collection of jewels (to devolvo. us heirlooms) to his son Roland and his heirs, fading him to his other sons in order of seniority, whom failing to his daughters and their issue, whom faihng to his brother George Stanley Orred, and fading him to his sister Meta Caroine, directing that any successor shall assume the name and arms of Orred. and that their interests shall lapse if they be Roman Catholics, when they shall in- stead receive, if males, an annuity of JE500, and if females, an annuity of L150. His personal estate he left, upon trust to pay an annuity of E3,000 for the benefit of his son Ro!and during mfnority, and annuitize of £ 400 to each daughter. The balance, of the. personal estate he left to the lifo tenant of the real estate and heirlooms as above. I
CLERICS MYSTERIOUS DEATH. Mr. LI. Jones, the Flintshire coroner, cn Friday rnumed the inquest a.t Saltney on the body of Albert Moore, aged twenty-one, clerk, recently employed in MaoLlefifield, and a native of Chester, whoee body was found on Navigation Cop, near Chester, a week that day. Edith Moore, deceased's widow, said they would have been married a, month on the following Mon- day. Deceased left his employment on November 17th, having been discharged on account of some difference in his books, lie left home on Thursday week to go to the Library to see if there was any- thing in the papers. They had had no unpleasant- ness—quite the reverse. Deceased had never threatened to take his life, and was very cheerful. When he did not return on Thursday she wired to his mother in Chester. He was not, as far as she was aware, in other difficulty or trouble. From what his employers had told her they would have taken him back if he had asked them. P.C. Williams deposed to being called to the body, which he found quite warm. There were no letters or papers about the deceased, and only lid. in money. There were no cigDi of a struggle near where the body was found. Iheie were marks on deceased's nose and knees as if he had been on his hands and knees in the soil. Wit- ness had noo been able to discover anything of deceased's movements. His boots were clean as if he had not walked far. Deceased s mother had told him that once he came home about two o'clock in the morning, and on the night prior to his being found he might have come home early in the morning, and not wishing to knock them llV, might have gone for a walk on the Cop. Tile m0Lher 11 ved at Gladstone-road, Chester, which was not far oil. Deceased's sister said they had made enquiries, but had not heard of anybody who had seen deceased. Dr. James Blagden, Chester, who made a post- mortem examination of the bcdy, said thut it wat imposs-ble to say what the cause of tieatn was. '1 Libre no indication oi heart disease, in reply to the Cto;Aur, he said if deceased bad gone to sleep outside congestion might have followed the exposure. There was a possibility of death being due to poi. on, but he saw nothing to indicate poison. The result of the post-mortem was practically negative. The Coroner, in summing up, said that it seemed impossible to completely elucidate uhe mystery in connection w.t,h the deceased'B death, and ho advised the jury to return an open verd'-ot. There did not seem to be anything to suggest suicide, and one thing they could be perlectly certain of was that there had been no foul play. The jury returned an open verdict of .t!'ound dead."
IMPORTANT RAILWAY APPOINT- MENT. « PROMOTION FOR MR. ENTWISTLE. NEW CHESTER SUPERINTENDENT. We Learn that Mr. A. EntwieLle, superintendent of the Chester and Holyhead District for the London and North-Western Railway Co., has just been appointed to an important position on the staff of the Gesieral Manager at Eutton. He wiil be succeeded at Chester by Mr. L. \V. Horric ^Assistant Superintendent to tho District Super- intendent at Manchester), who has been acaing in the position during Mr. Kntwistie's abeenue abroad. Mr. Entwistie came to Cnecter thiee or four years ago irom Bnmmgham, where ho oc- cupied a enmiar position for nine or ten jeaie. Iiiie whole, ot his fiuoceeeuil coioer in the railway seivice has benwi with the London and Nonii- Wo-'tcra Ranway Co., and he has occupied, among other poots, those ot Cnief Clerk at the District T'raffie Superintendent 6 office at Aber- gavenny, Chief Clerk at the Chief Goods Mana- Uci- s oflioe at Elision, and, prior to going to Bir- mingham, District Traffio Superintendent at Whitehaven. He has thus filled lesponsible ofhoes for many yeaxie, and he goes to London with a valuable experience in railway manage- ment. Dunng ins regime at Chester the com- pany have opened out in several directions. The schemes which have been oarried to completion under Mr. Entwistle's supervision include the conversion of tne Dyserth branch line into a rail motor service, this being the first move of the kind by the company, and the establish- ment of a road motor service between Con- nah's Quay, Northop, Mold and Holywell. Mr. Entwistle has been a very popular official. The traders especially will be sorry to lose a. super- intendent who was always courteous, always genial, and with whom it was a pleasure t.o do business. The new Dietriot Superintendent at Chester, Mr. Horne, oomos, as we have aheady stated, from Manchester. He has also boon. As- sistant Superintendent at Spring's Branch in the busy ooiilrery district of Wigan. Earlier in his career he was outdoor assistant to tlio Superin- tendent of the Lino. A correspondent writes to the "Manchester Guardian" -tblCoe ha came to the North Wales district. Mr. Entwistle has dealt with railway problems with rouiad judgment and careful con- sideration for the needs and desires of passengers and traders. While he never waver-ed in his loyalty to the company, his courteous treatment of those who had representations to make to him in matters of train service and so forth did a great deal to alleviate the irritation, and one might almost say ill-will, against the company which had been gradually growing among the trading classes of North Wales. It is just to say that the body of feeling favourable to the com- pany and of willingness to help forward its in- terests in the Principality has never been greater than it now is, and that Mr. Entwistle is to be credited with a very large share of this happy result. His exertions have been, of course, largely aided by the Board and the general maim- gcr, who have sanctioned1 numerous improve- ments in the train service, the cheap ticket facilities, and other advantages conferred upon the community served by the railway. A com- parison of the time-table of five years ago with that of to-day will shew the extent to which the train service on the main line- and on all the branches has been increased. The additions made within tho last two months to the normal winter service are not. the least important. These, consti- tuto a worthy memorial of the departing superin- tendent. It may be added that Mr. Entwistle came to the district just when the recent de- pression of trade was leducing the traffic and compelling the directors to economise in train mileage and other ways, eo that his task of pleas- ing the public and at the came time carrying out the desires of his superior officers was all the more difficult.
The Holywell Board of Guardians on Friday decided, on the casting vote of the Chairman (Mr. J. Prince), to decline an offer by Mr. Humphreys. a member of the Board, to provide beer for the Christmas dinner.
MWLAM S KALYDOR FOR THE SKIN COOLING, SOOTHING, HEALING Removes Freckles, Tarv, Sxnburn, Irritation. 3a. 3d. & 4s. 6d, ot Stores and Chemists. ———-
( THE COMING FIGHT. -W LANCASHIRE AND CHESHIRE CON- SERVATIVES UNITED. Prepare for the coming fight.—present a deter- mined and united front to the enemy! This com- mand and appeal to the Conservative and Union- ist forces found expression at the 19th annual meeting in Liverpool on Saturday of the Lancashire and Cheshire division of the National Union of Conservative Associations. Connected with the membership roll of the division are no fewer than 126 associations and clubs, while within its radius 49 Parliamentary constituencies are held by Conservative representatives. Satur- day's meeting, which was held at the Conserva- tive Club, Dale-street, was largely representative of the Conservatism of the two counties. Sir Francis Sharp Powell, Bart., M P. (chairman), presided, and there were present Mr. David Maelver, M.P., Sir Robert Hampson, Mr. J. H. Welsford (prospective candidate for Crewe), Alderman Salvidgo (chairman Liverpool Working- men's Conservative Association), Mr. J. Kcbty- Flctcher (prospective candidate for Rossendale), Mr. Southall (secretary of tho National Union), Mr. George H. Croistori (secretary of the Lan- cashire and Cheshire Division), Mr. James Thomp- son (secretary of the. Liverpool Constitutional Association), and many delegates. COUNCIL REPORT. In the annual report it was pointed out that although the Opposition are continually asserting that the Government, has lost. the confidence of the people, the Unionist party can look back with satisfaction, on its record of work accomplished during the past nine years'. Regarded from a social, commercial or an Imperial point of view, Unroniet. performance is always superior to that of any Liberal Administration It must be Ie- membered that, persistent obstruction and un. scrupulous use of Parliamentary forms greatly impeded public business, and prevented the pass- ing of measures which the Government much desired to place on the statute book. After ex- pressing appreciation of the conduct, of foreign affairs by Mr. Balfour and Lord Lansdowne, which had resulted in the maintenance of peace, and gratefully testifying to the sound judgment and tact displayed! by his Majesty., which had been instrumental in preserving our friendly re- lations with other Powers, the report favourably alludes to the Japanese Treaty and the entente cordiale between France and Great, Britain. On the question of Fiscal reform it is asserted that, "as part of their policy of misrepresentation, Radical politicians have not scrupled to attempt to m'slead the country by imputing to the Govern- ment principles which Mr. Balfour has declared to be no part of its programme. The present Parliament is pledged not to deaJ with the sub- ject, but if a common policy of Fiscal reform, acceptable- to all sections of the Unionist party, can be agreed upon, the prospects of success of that party at the general election will be -on- siderably advanced." In view of an earily appeal to the country, and the claims of the Radical party to be the real friends of the "workers," the committee. think some prominence should be given in the constituencies to the record of the Conservative party on behalf of labour. The Unemployed Workmen Act, 1905, is an example of the earnest, desire of the Unionist Admin'slra- ton to do something for the working-classcs. It if. confidently anticipated that under the pro- visions of the Aliens Bill the flow of undesirable immigrants- into this country will be cheekcd. Tho report a'so predicts a. vigorous attack upon the Churches of England, and pcr-sib:y on that of Scotiana. in the new Parliament, and emphasises tb necessity for every effort- being made in de- fence of the churchcts and tho schools. As lan- caahiro and Cheshire are particularly interested ;n tho subject of Church d'scipline, the hope is expressed that the report of the Royal Commission on the siibitet will be issued at an early date. Assuring Mr. Balfour of their sympathy and im- plicit confidence in him as the leader of the party, the committee, record with satisfaction the fact in Lancashire and Cheshire the organisations are loyal and united, and therc, is every reason to believe that they wi l at the, proper time. be fully prepared to effectively use th-ei'r influence to se- cure f1, continuance of that. policy ever associated with the Conservative and Unionist party, which :s identified with the progress, the safety, and unity of the country and Empire. Toe financial position is not so satisfactory as could b? wished, and Air. Fuilagar, who sub- mitted the accounts, voiced the opinion of the committee "that the income must be considerably increased if the work of organisation is to Le efficiently carried on. They were, he remarked, on the verge of a very important, and very costly fight, and it behoved them to do their utmost to increase the funds and supply the, sinews of war. ELECTION OF OFFICERS. On tine- motion of Mr. David Maelver, M.P., seconded by Mr. Benedict Jones, Earl Egerton of Tat ton was re-elected president. Sir F. S. Powell. M.P Sir Wm. H. Houlds- wort.li, M.P., and Sir W. E. M. Tomlnison. M.P., wora re-elected as representatives o'f the Lan- cashire and Cheshire province on the Council of the National Union. Mr. Edmund Taylor, J.P., who was the Cheshire representative on the Council, wrote resigning his position in conse- quence of ill-health, and on the. motion of Mr. W. A. Cook son, seconded by Mr. David Maelver, M.P., a resolution was adopted in grateful ap- preciation of Mr. Taylor's faithful service to the cause, extend'ng over a period of 56 years. Pro- found regret was expressed at his resignation!. Mr. Harmood Banner, M.P., was elected to the -vaeajir position as a representative of Cheshire, Mr. W. A. Cookson, who was also- pro- posed, withdrawing his name. Among those elected members of tho Executive Committee were Mr. B. C. Roberts, Chester; Dr. Atltinson and Mr W. Eardley, Crewe.; Dr. Macdonald and Dr. Napier, Wirral; Mr. Lance Bcntley. Knutsford. A vote of condolence was psased with the relativee of the late Mr. Charles Birchall. THE CHAIRMAN'S VIEW. Sir Francis Powell, in proposing the adoption of the repoit and accounts, said it had been usual an that annual occasion to review the political fit nation and cast an eye back upon the past.. At tho present time, however they found them- selves preparing for a new combat, and he felt it necessary to adopt some reserve in view of the possibility that. within a few days or a few weeks there might, be an important declaration from tho Prime Minister. After paying a warm tribute of praise to Mr. Balfour, and remarking that he had served his party and his country with consummate ability and faithfulness, Sir Francis said they would do well at this time of anxiety and stress to pass a resolution expressing their entire confi- dence in their accomplished leader, and to assure him of their resolution to present a firm and united front to the enemy. (Applause.) There. was oniei question which particularly occupied their minds at the moment, but he believed they wero all sa,tisfied that the present condition of the Fiscal eystem was not such as they could wish. (Applause.) The question was as to how far they Bhould go, and how they ought, to proceed. (Hear, hear ) Ho felt intensely the necessity of their going to the country as one united body. The v so-called unity and harmony of the Liberal party had been shewn to' be only superficial by the differences that had arisen among their leaders. It. was also remarkable that, now that the Liberals seemed likely to bü called upon to assume office, they did not censure but praised the policy of the Unionist party. In a recent speech Mr. Brycc admitted that the Conservative Government had introduced local government into Ireland, that the land was now passing into the hands of the peasantry, and that many of the dangers which formerly existed in Ireland were no longer to be found there. The action of the Government had surely proved that tho Unionist party was pre- pared to trust the Irish people when they proved t}wm,e;vcs< worthy of t-rufit. (Hear, hear.) The subject of education in Ireland, and the question of the provision of a university, were full of great difficulties, and no measure would be passed in which these difficulties were not recognised. In his opinion this problem would remain un- solved for many years to come. In the coming Parliament there was likely to be, a severe fight on belhalf of Christian education. What form the attack upon the schools might take he would not predict, but he believed the Unionist party would be equal to the occasion and would put forth every effort, to preserve the schools which had been, provided as a result of so much sacrifice of money and time, and to uphold the sacred cause on behalf of which that time and money had been so wisely expended. (Applause.) Regarding the social problems which would have to be dealt with, he was also sure the Unionist party in the new Parliament would be alert, and would never slumber at their post. By their vigilance and the pressure they exercised they would be in a posi- tion if the Liberal party came into power to make the work of the Liberals as limited, in point of mischief a,s, he believed, their Govern- ment would be in point of duration. (Applause ) It was, however, essential that they should re- main a united Conservative party—united in "principles and in their resolve to retain the ser- vices of the illustrious leader who during so many anxious years had conducted' the Conserva- tive party through many difficulties and the country to many a triumph'. (Applause.) Sir Robert Hampson seconded. In Lancashire and Cheshire the Unionist party was loyal and united, and prepared to exercise their influence to secure the continuance of the policy which had always been associated with the Conservative and Unionist party. The Liberal party and Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman were committed to Home Rule; Mr. Redmond was their dictator, and they had no option but to deal with Home Rule. Mr. Redmond had declared for a separate Parliament and separate executive for Ireland, and that. isftue should bo made clear to the electors of this country. (Applause.) Mr. G. H. Bell, speaking- from experience of travel and observation in Ireland, said it was necessary we should be warned against the object I of the Irish Nationalists and the priests. They had all along been aiming to get a separate and distinct Parliament. Mr. J. H. Welsford urged the strengthening of the organisations in every constituency and polling district, inasmuch as we were on the eve of a most momentous battle, upon which the interests not only of England, but of the whole Empire, would depend. The report was adopted. CONFIDENCE IN THE PREMIER. Mr. David Maelver, M.P., moved the following resolution:—"That this meeting of the Lancashire and Cheshire Province of the National Union desires to place on record its gratitude to the Right Hon. A. J. Balfour, M.P., for his devoted political services, and earnestly hopes that he may long continue to render those services to the Unionist party and to the country, not only in the interests of the integrity of the Empire, but also to secure the maintenance of those principles which have ever been associated with the advance- ment and welfare of all claims of the people. The meeting trusts that. at the coming general election the party will shew a determined and united front to the Opposition." After testifying to his profound and affectionate appreciation of Mr. Balfour, which had been strengthened by 30 years' personal acquaintance with him, Mr. Maelver advised his hearers not to be misled by tho attemupts that were being made, especiaily in the Radical press, to sow disunion in the Unionist party, more particularly in regard to the Fiscal question. He asked them rather to believe him. He had heard or read everything that Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamberlain had paid or written on that question, and he had fre- quently seen them together. They were personal friends, each was absolutely loyal to the other, and they had the same aims and ideals. (Hear, hear.) Their methods might be somewhat different, but it must not be forgotten that on the one hand there was the responsibility of the man who was in office, and on the other the compara- tively free and unfettered position of the man out of office. (Applause.) There was NOT THE SLIGHTEST DIFFERENCE in the views of Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamberlain on this question. To use an illustration, iit aeemed to him that both wanted to get to London, and while Mr. Chamberlain went straight through Mr. Balfour got out. at Rugby, intending to bring on by a later train those who were lagging behind. They wanted to see the manufacturing industries of the country restored to prosperity, to sec their export trade restored to its position among the nations, and to see the hostile tariffs, of foreign countries broken down. They wished to see and nobody wished it more than Mr. Balfour—the ties between the Mother Country and the Colonics strengthened, and a free and unfettered Colonial Conference to consider and determine what the Colonies can give to us and what we can give to them in return. He could not believe there was any real disunion in the Unionist party on the Fiscal question; it was only a question of pro- cedure, and he believed that when the time came to appeal to the country there would be a clear indication as to how far they should go. (Hear, hear.) So far as Liverpool was concerned they could not win elections except upon the advanced policy with which Mr. Chamberlain's name was a,; ateo. It seemed to him that the present 't)C' t political crisis was in the Liberal ranks, the differ- ences between Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman and Lord Rosebery, and while the opposition were in that position of difficulty it was not an unfitting opportunity for Mr. Balfour to inform the King that he would like to retire. (Applause.) TIMELY ADVICE. Alderman Salvidge seconded. If the resolution had been intended to cast the slightest reflection upon the Fiscal policy of Mr. Chamberlain he would not have supported it, because he upheld every plank in Mr. Chamberlain's platform. He seconded the resolution ao a loyal member of the party, and one who admired the great service which Mr. Balfour had rendered to the country. In view of an early appeal to the electorate, he trusted the party would present a united front, to the enemy. He believed the rank and file was aa solid as ever. The association to which he to the enemy. He believed the rank and file was aa solid as ever. The association to which he belonged was united. Thev were prepared to follow both Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamber'ain, recognising little difference in what they had put forward. (Hear, hear.) Was there any subject upon which tho Liberal party was agreed? Had they any policy to place before the country? "No.") The only thing they seemed to be able to do was to alter, tamper with or destroy measures passed by the Unionist party. The country would not be satisfied with that. They would cxpcct, a policy not of destruction but of construction, and the Liberal party had not one to offer them. (Applaurv^.) Mr. Ware (Ulverston) thought Mr. Balfour's policy was propounded on the principle that no Englishman likes too big a dose of physic at one time-(Iaugl)t,er)--aiid his policy was as much as the country would take at once. (Laughter.) Mr. Southall, of the National Union, strongly anpealed for unity, and emphasised the statement of the leader at Newcastle that the party was broad enough to take in all phases of thought on this great question of Fiscal reform. There was no justification for a split, but if they were to go to the country united there would have to be somo give and take on the part of those who thought, differently on this question. (Hear, hear.) There must be no saying that because a man absolutely followed the lines laid down bv the Prime Minister, and at the moment was not- prepared to say that, he entirely agreed with Mr. Chamberlain, that such a man was not a loyal supnorter of the Conservative and Unionist pai-tv as the man who went to the extreme. (Apnlause:) The resolution was unanimously adopted.
RIVER WEAVER NAVIGATION. --+- The annual meeting of the River Weaver Trust- was held at Northwich on Thursday, Col. Franco-Hayhurst presiding. The report showed that during the year the total receipts on revenue account were E47,502, a decrease on the previous year of E664. Repairs and maintenance came to E33,235, and £ 13,964 had been paid on the mortgage debt and interest, but under these two heads the nett saving on the- year's working was £3,644, which more than extinguished the debit balance of £2,677 on the previous year's working. At the end of March the total indebtedness of the Trust was £ 194,581, of which £86,711 was guaranteed by the Cheshire County Council. The total tonnage carried on the Navigation during the year was 106,499 tons, and the re- venue therefrom was £ 38,056. Ohemioals shewed an increase of 15.300 tons and rock salt of 7,000, but there was a decrease of 25,000 tons of white salt and 78,500 tons of spoil-tihe lower tonnage of spoil baing due to the completion of the large works of the Mersey Dock Board of Liverpool. Over the Anderton lift 191,000 tons passed, ap- proximately the same tonnage as last year, and the trade at Weston Point Docks continued good. Parliament had sanctioned the borrowing) of £ 30,000 for the reconstruction of the Anderton lift, and for improvements on the Navigation, and while the reconstruction was in progress, Weaver traffio bound to and from the Potteries would bo able to travel during the temporary stoppages of the lift by the alternate route of tho Bridgewater and' North Staffordshire canals. The Chairman, who moved the adoption of the report, said that although the total inoome of £ 47,460 was £ 600 less than the previous year it was considerably more than in any year since 1897, and therefore might be looked upon as satisfactory. Poor rates shewed an increase of £240, and he regretted that in the current year there would; be a further inCIjease of E270, mak- ing an increase of £ 700 in three years. As to the prospects of the current year, they would b3 glad' to know that the income would approximate to that of last year and1 the expenditure would probably be a few hundred pounds less. At Anderton lift the work would be commenced immediately before Easter and it was exnected to take nine months. The lift would be available for Weaver traffic throughout the whole period except for three periods of about a fortnight eaoh. The report wan adopted. Col. France-Hayhurst was ro-dleoted chairman of the Trust and Dr. Hewitt vice-chairman.
LORD BARRYMORE AND IRISH LAND.- At the annual meeting of Cork landlords Lord Barrymore commented upon the seriousness of the movement for compelling landlords to sell at what he considered ruinous prices by withholding rents. If this were persisted in, he said, agrarian dis- turbances were inevitable. There was something in the air which induced them to don rather than doff their armour. It was said that agricultural tenants were looking hopefully to the general election placing a Radical Government in office, under the control of the Nationalist party. Therefore the combination of landowners was more important than ever. RAILWAY GUARD'S SLIP.—A London and North-western Railway guard named Lloyd Williams, of Birkenhead, was admitted into Crewe Railway Hospital on Tuesday suffering from shock- invinjuries. He was travelling by the Irish express which was pulled up between Crewe and Chester. He got out of his van to ascertain the cause of the stoppage and walked in the direction of the engine. The train, however, restarted, and in endeavouring to jump into the compartment be missed his footing. He clung to the carriage door handle for some con- siderable distance, but failed to recover himself and fell. The step-board of the carriage caught bis head. inflicting very serious injuries.
When Baby had rash. we rubbed in VINOLIA When she was a child, she cried for VINOLIA When she became Miss, she clung to VINOLIA When she had children, she gave them VINOLIA Vinolia Cream lllh, 119; Vinolia Powder, 1/ lj9; Premier Vinolia Soap, 4d.
UNIONISM AT KINGSLEY. r i SPEECH BY COL. COTTON-JODRELL PROTECTION FOR AGRICULTURE. Colonel Cotton-Jodrell, the prospective Union- ist candidate for the Eddisbury Division, ad- dressed a meeting at Kingsley on Tuesday even- ing. Notwithstanding very inclement weather, there was a large attendance. Mr. H. P. Mor- timer presided, and among those present wene Mr. H. E. Wilbraham, Mr. J. H. Cooke (Wins- iord), Mr. J. H. Bottomiey (Lancaster), Mr. Frank Boll (Norley Hall), the Rev. A. P. Rey- nolds (vicar of Kingsley) and Miss Reynolds, Mr. Alfred Thomas (Frodsham), Messrs. J. G. Speak- man Chas. Gerrard (Kingley), '1'. Gerrard, Jos. Hail, S. Harvey, E. Aldeiman, H. Warburton, G. Grice, J. B. Oultram; C. F. Pric-hard (regis- tration agent), etc. The Cnatrman announced a letter from Mr. Chas. Bell (Norley Hall), expressing his best wishes for the success of the meeting, and stating as a large farmer that in a division like Eddis- bury tho electors ought to return to Parliament men who, like Col. Cotton-Jodreil, had personal exper.ence of agricultural matters. Col. Cbtton-Jodieil, who was cordially re- ceived, cxpiessed his pleasure at having an op- portunity for the first time during his campaign of the constituency of addressing the electors of Kingsley. Mr. Bell, in his letter, had made reference, to his coming before the electors as a representative of the agncultuial interest. Though he did not intend to blow his own trum- pet, iie could say that ho had not only tried to do his duty during the twenty-five years he had resided in that county, but. had endeavoured to take a considerable parl-zuid ha hoped in some instances a. leading part-in agricultural matters. (Hear, hear.) Whether he had failed or not was for them to decide, but like a g-eiiticiran apply- ing for a situation, he would only say that if they wanted to know anything about his agricultural opinions he would refer them to those farmers I with whom ho had worked for many years in con- nection with their various associations. As well as being a landowner, he had tried as a small farmer himself, and thus,endeavoured to make himself conversant with all agricultural affairs. He did not think that his worst. opponents could say he was an idle man, and although for some years he had been placed in a. position in which it was no longer necessary to earn his daily bread, ho held that it was the special duty of a man who I had leisure at his disposal to endeavour to devote a considerable portion of that leisure to the ser- vice of his country and of his fellow-creatuics. (Hear, hear.) Proceeding, Col. Cotton Jodrell remarked that a great difficulty which would con- front any party coming into power after the next general election was the question of the unem- ployed. Everybody would agree that the prob- lem of the unemployed in London and the other big towns was one of great moment, and by all tho dictates of humanity we were moved to sug- gest some means for mitigating oa- removing that evil. He had elsewhere pointed out the merits of one scheme in grapplmg with that eyi-a scheme by which we should introduce into the commercial system of this country seme changes which would guarantee better employment, better wages, and steadier employment to the wage- earning classes, many of whom were now in want of work. There were three great reasons why we should introduce some change in our commercial system. The volume of our export trade was de- creasing, not only in proportion to our popula- tion per head, but also in proportion to the popu- lation per head of other countries—highly-pro- tected countries. In the second place, he had tried to establish that the question of the unem- ployed had much to do with this, because if we cou d produce a system which would keep our factories working at full time there wouid Le better wages and, stead er employment for tho working-classes. Tnirdly, it was desirable, not only 011 business grounds, but also on sentimental grounds, that the<;e should be established be- tween this country and our Colonies a closer bond of relationship, and common wolf are. Tho great controversy going on at the piesent time was be- tween those who advocated tariff reform and those who were in favour of free imports and free food. What was free. food? Had we free food now? As far as he knew there were only two classes of peop;.e- in this country who had free food at present—those who were in the workhouse and the still more unfortunate people who were in gaol. (Laughter and hear. hear.) We already paid £ 13,000,000 a year for taxes on food. IA-11 had never had Free Trade in this country, and never would have until the areas of taxation were more broadened than they were at the present time. (Hear, hear.) What did Mr. Cobden say when he brought in his system of Free Trade fifty or sixty years ago? He said he did not anticipate wheat would be reduced in price below 45s. per quarter even by Free Trade. Well, we knew that at the pre-sent lime the pi ice was 30s. or under. He also did not contemplate we would derive one-quarter less corn from the soil of this country, but they knew perfectly well that within a comparatively few years the acreage of land under wheat and other cereal oiops in England had diminished by nearly 1. 1, T two million acies. Then we- could not ignore ilr. Cobden's prophecy that if we adopted Free Trade there, would not be a country in Europe which would not follow our example in less than five years. Those prophecies were made fifty or sixty years ago, and not a, single country in Europe, with the exception of Turkey—which was hardly a model to copy—had copied our system. In plain fact. Cobden's prophecies had been proved to be false, from very different causes than those he imagined, or could possibly imagine a.t. the time. It was not the abolition of the Corn Laws which falsified those piophecies, but the progress of mechanics, steam, electricity, etc. The cheapness of bread was not due to the repeal of the Corn Laws; for seven years before that event the price of wheat was less in this country than it was on the average for seven years after the repeal; while it was not until thirty vea,m after the iepeal that we actually got our cheap loaf, and' that was due to the effects of cheap transport- by the introduction of steam- ships and the ready means of communicatiou afforded by the telegraph and telephone. In this country we had to pay about £ 250.000,000 a year in one form on another for what we might call the enjoyment of living. This meant that every- body had to contribute eight per cent, of his in- come in one form or another to the upkeep of the country. The foreigner sent to England about £ 120,000,000 worth of manufactured goods every year, much of which we could produce at home, yet he contributed absolutely nothing to our rates and taxes. Considered purely as an econo- mio question was this fair? Fanners in Kingsley had to pay tolls for the facilities offered them by the public markets for the disposal of their pro- duce, but the foreigner could bring tho whole of the £120,000,000 worth of manufactured goods to our seaports and dump them in the country without paying one farthing for the privilege. Was this fair competition with our own manufac- tures? Why did not we make those goods our- selves? Because our own industries were not sufficiently protected; because it was in the power of the foreigner to undersell us in our own markets and to displace our own labour. It was a favourite argument of free importers that the introduction of cheap, underselling goods into England meant more employment. Last year there were 200,000 tons of steci bars imported to Newport, South Wales-a. large manufacturing centre in the steel and iron industry—at a cost of 5s. per ton less than the price at which our own manufacturers could produce it. The undercut represented on that quantity a, sum of £ 50,000. "Well," said tho Free Traders, "here is a first- roto thing. By taking this cheap iron into the country we get. £ 50,000. Let us have as much cheap iron and steel as, we possibly can." But against that saving at the one end of £ 50.000 there was a loss of £ 360,000 worth of wages, that would have been paid, in making the steel in this country..Hear, hear.) In addition to that we lost £ 60,000 in rates and taxes. To remedy this state of things the Government proposed to ap- proach foieign countries and negotiate for a re- adjustment of the tariffs upon our exports in acknowledg-iaent of our own liberality. Having quoted the high import tariffs which obtain on the Continent, the speaker sa.id we knew that- the Liberal party, if they came into power, would probably do nothing upon this question. But after all, the question was in the hands of the electors, and what were they going to do? No Government, however powerful, could succeed un- less they had the mandate of the people-. No good result could come to the nation from any election unless the electors were determined to consider all political questions for themselves, and to exercise. each man in his own mind, his con- scientious feeling to vote exactly as he thought best for himself. (Applause.) THE IRISH QUESTION. Mr. J. H. Cooke (Winsford) gave a forcible, ad- dress on the subjects of Home Rule and educa- tion. DeaJing with the. former question, he said his recollection oarried him back to 1868 to the contest in the Mid-Cheshire division between Mr. Wilbraham Egerton, Mr. George Cornwall Legh and the Hon. L. Warren. The question before the country then was the disestablishment- of the Irish Church. He then- fought on the Liberal side, and they tried to. assure everybody that- if the Irish Churdi could only be disestablished all tho difficulties of Ireland would be once for all settled. He tried to do his best for Ireland at that time, thinking that if disestablishment and disiendowment could be accomplished Ireland would be the most peaceable nation in the world. Yet Ireland to-day presented the same difficulties that it did in 1868, in spite of tho accomplishment. 'I. "I. ot discstabusnment anct clisendowment. Vl r. Stanley had told tho Eddisbury electors that though not in favour of Home Rule he favoured the control of the Irish police by a separate national Parliament, and would like to see a few ■representatives from Ireland introduced into the Parliament, at Westminster because they would have. some voice in the question of taxation. Mr. Cooke proceeded. to point out how considerably 1] the number of agrarian crimes in Ireland had been reduced during Unionist administration, and urged that if Mr. Stanley's idea of giving control of the Irish Constabulary to an Irish Parliament were realised they would restore the deplorable state of things that prevailed in 1886. If Ireland was to have a. separate Parliament, with lepie- sentativcs at Westminster, it was obvious that those representatives would have a right to vote on English affairs without having any interest whatever in them. And one could judgo how un- unfortunate that would be by the conduct of the seventy or eighty Nationalists who voted upon atilr affairs to-da.y, and who were desirous of giving every possible trouble to English legisla- tion. Mr. Cooke proceeded to make a.n able de- fence of the Education Act agannst the objections urged against it by Nonconformists, and pointed out the absurdity of "passive resistance" as shewn by the fact that the cost of a "martyr's" main- tenance in prison had to be borne by his feliow- latepayers, in addition to the amount of t.ho rate which he refused to pay. Mr. J. H. Bottomiey (Lancaster) and Mr. Frank Bell (Norley Hall) afterwarels spoke. Mr. Bell dealt practically with the fiscal questions in regard to flour. He pointed out that this country received flour which had been manufactured abroad, but they did not receive the sharps" which was extensively used for feeding cattle abroad. The result was that the feeding of the cattle was cheaply done, and they could be imported to England and sold at a much less cost than farmers in this country could put them in the market. In his opinion bran and "sharps" were worth really more to the farmer than the flour.
UNIONISM IN FLINTSHIRE. — MR. H. EDWARDS'S FIRST SPEECH. On Saturday afternoon the Constitutional Club _t at Rhyl presented a scene of unwonted busile in consequence of the assemblage of Unionists from various parts of Flintshire?, as members of the Constitut.cnal Association, for the purpose, of considering the -reommeudaticn that Mr. Harold Edwards, of St. Asaph, should be accepted by the association as their candidate for the comity. Lord Mostyn, as pres.dent of th0 association, presided, and among those present were Mr. Harold Edwards, Colonel Mesham, Mr. P. P. Pennant, Mr. J. Eidon Bankes (prospective can- didate for.the boroughs), Mr. H. A. C-ope, Capt. Mil.er, Mr. T. B. Gutlitn, Mr. R. M. Hugu Joi.es, Hughes, Mi. £ o. Uanilm, H. A. Cleaver, Mr. jostipn Lioyii, Mr. 'irevor Jones, jVir. J. H. Julis, zhxi V lCALI oi itiiyl Ill-Co Rev. '.1.. Lloyd;, -r. latiiiiM Bate, ivir. it. C. iMiion, ajid iYLr. la. A. inby liegistiatim agent). A rejsoiuf.on was unanimously parsed, afuer some quesu-ciis had LKVJI put to i%ii. iiai(,,Id Edwards, formally accepting him as cand.da^e tor the èat. Mr. Edwards, in acknowledging the bono ir conic-rred upon him, ta.d he eta not conceal from himself that he had undertaken a task ci unusual aiiheiii-y and magnitude. The Uuioiiist party had not been sailing in smooth, Witters 101. some time past, but it would shew a lack ct courage and wntideiic, to desert the vessel because lor the moment- sue seemed to be .n the trough of the. sea. No vessel could always bo on the crest of the wave. (Applause.) They had perfect confidence in. their oapta-in, whose commands they must obey. lie was sure they would comply with tne demand lor unity made by their captain in his grea-L speech at Newcastle, and would give cordial and generous support to the Unionist candida-te whatever his d.sabilities. First of the important matters upon which the le lectors W--uld soon have to vote, was the Fiscal question. Tixs was the somewhat vague t.tle which covered a number of questions of which some were directly economic while others were indirectly Imperial. For the moment, happily, cut trade was prosperous, but the .rapid advance of our competitors in the markets of the world and the ooiid-tion at homo of a large section of our industrial population had given rise to anxieties to which no sensible man could be indifferent. This bong so, common sense demanded that we ShQuitf carefully investigate our Fiscal system. The object of the inquiry would be tHe development of trade and the consolidation of the Empire. Progress in trade depended upon our capacity to contend with new condi- tions. It was absurd to try and frighten people from making any inquiry by a lurid resurrection of the miseries of pre-Cobdenke Proteofr-on, which no free people would ever willingly bring back. Yet a large part of the Liberal speeches consisted in raising these bug- bears. (Applause.) A Colonial Conference- should take place on the subject untrammelled with Fiscal restrictions, and, as to Retaliation, It was significant that Lord Lansdowne, one of the most distinguished and successful Foreign Ministers th:s country had ever had believed that the representatives of this country should be armed w.th some power of Retalia- tion if we were to break down those hostile tariff walls which unjustly hampered and ex- cluded our foreign .trade. (Applause.) Those- vast problems should be approached1 with the sober judgment of the impartial critic rather than with the heated' methods of the partisan. They were not merely raised by the restless imagination of one man, but involved problems which this country must face sooner or later. (Applmtise.) EDUCATION. Education was a subject requiring no intro- duction in Wales. An amendment of the Act of 1902 seemed to be the only item on their programme which the Liberal paity had been able to announce, and even on this solitary item they had been unable to agree. (Applause anl laughter.) The Chairman of the Welsh Liberal party recently pronounced for a secular system-of elementtry schools, but; immediately ono of the most respected and influential of ins party repudiated this declaration and de- ire j *°r instruction. This in- volved a question of principle which was the main problem to be dealt with. If there i3t ka,on amendment of the Education Act of 1902," Mr. Edwards proceeded, "then the whole question must be reopened and due regard must be given to the just claims of all parties, and the State must not repudiatc, obligations implicitly inc'urred and acted upon in all good faith. (Ap- plause.) This is a free country, and the parents must have freedom to decide the religious faith to be taught to their children. Every utterance by every statesman of eminence during this edu- cat ion al controversy recognises the claim of parental authority. Granted this main principle of the right of the parent, I am quite prepared to consider any proposals dealing with the questions of control and tests, but I am not prepared to regard as an amendment of the Education Act proposals which mean more than justice for one party and less than justice for the other. (Ap- plause.) If there is to bo any change or amend- ment let the parents, whether Nonconformists or Church, decide the faith to be taught to their children, and let the teaching be paid for by the denominations. Meanwhile, let me point out that the Act of 1902 has introduced on element of popular control into every school in the country, that it has decentralised demon- tary education by transferring its administra- tion to the local authorities, that it has linked together elementary and' secondary education and has constructed a ladder by which the best brains of the country can climb to the top, and that it has laid deep and strong the foundations for a thoroughly national system of education. (Loud applause.) It is doubtful whether any Liberal Ministry would have been strong- enough to have passed such a sweeping and' progressive measure as the Act of 1902. (Applause.) What we are striving for is the progress and advance- ment of education, and what. we will fight against with might and main is interference and tyranny masquerading in the stolen uniform of religious liberty and toleration. (Applause.) TEMPERANCE. The present Government had. been denounced, the speaker proceeded to say, for their temper- ance legislation, and held up to scorn as the firiends and even the slaves of the brewers. He had it on the best authority that the last Licensing Act had resulted in heavy financial loss to the brewing trade. This hardly bore out the ohargo of slavish submission to the brewing interest. The Unionist party were not less alive to the claims of temperance because they ana unwilling to inflict injustice on the trade. As long as the trade was recognised in this country -ry as a legitimate one it had a right to claim that justice and equal treatment which not only the laws but the universal sense of fairhess in this country extend to all its citizens. (Applause.) By an honest application of the principles of justice and fair play he was prepared to approach the difficult question of compensation and any other temperance legislation which may be proposed. The terrible evil of intem- perance could not be cured by legal and coercive measures, however stringent, but must bo fought by those higher influences which touch the wills and consciences of men. (Applause.) Mr. Edwards declared that the Liberals openly expressed admiration for the, foreign policy of the Government, as exemplified by the treaty with Japan and the good relationship estab- lished1 with France, and yet in tho next breath they denounced the Government with every term of opprobrium and abuse. Yet what was the Liberal programme? Disestablishment and Home Rule, the old warr-cries of the Liberal party, now seemed to be only stumbling-blocks,
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PARTY DIFFERENCES. -« LIBERALS AND HOME RULE. On Friday night, in the Public Hall, Alderiey Edge, Mr. Alan de Tatton Egerton, M.P., ad- dressed a meeting of bis constituents under presidency of Mr. C. S. Carlisle. The I on. member said that when he had made preparer sens for the series of meetings which h2was now ad- dressing in different parts of the- Knuteford Divi- sion, he had thought he would have to confine his attention to political questions with which the electorate wore well acquainted, but, thank*- to the Leader of the Opposition, there was row a. subject that must be placed in the fore fro: of every meeting of Conservatives and Unior:<t-s throughout the country. (Hear, hear.) It an extraordinary thing that after having attacked his Majesty's Government during the past year, and declared that it had entirely lost the confid- ence of the country, the Leader of the Oppo- sition should brinz forward a proposition whjch tho country had not so long ago utterly de. nounood-liome rule for Ireland. (Hear, hear.) Sinoe that speech was delivered at Stirling, apci further emphasised by &r Henry Campbell- Bannerman on a subsequent occasion, after b:v- ing heard the views of his friends on the subject, he had in effect declared "What 1 have I stick to." There were, however, honest Liberals 111 this country who considered the position of the Empire rather than the position of place. Lord Rosebery, in answer to that speech, had em- phatically asserted that he could not and would not serve under the banner of Home Rule. (Hear, hear.) It was not so many years since that same question was brought forward by Mr. Glad- stone and reiected bv the House of Lords, a (ie. cis-on which was subsequently almost unani- mously endorsed by the electorate, with. the re- sult that practically since then the Conservative- Umonist party had been in office. (Applame.) BID FOR THE IRISH VOTE. Perhaps from Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerr.iar.'e point of view the re-introduction of this ther/.y subject was a wise move, because at the present time it was evident he was not appealing1 to the honest Liberals of the United Kingdom, but- to those who, during the past forty or fifty ytears, had shewn themselves to be rebels and would-be disrupters of the Empire. (Applause.) Ho earnestly appealed to Liberals to carefully con- sider what action they should take at the next general election, because if they were prepaid to sacrifice their opinions as Imperialists they would throw the reins of power into the hands of a Government which was prepared to disrupt the Empire and prepared to destroy that great heri- tage which every elector in this country had received from his forbears. (Applause.) Several occupants of the front Opposition bench had spoken since the Stirling speech. Sir Edward Grey had told them that there was no quarrel between Lord Rosebery and Sir Henry Campbell- Bannerman, because Sir Henry Campbelf-Ban- ncrman had not quarrelled with Lord Rosebery, no matter what the latter might have done. (Laughter.) That so-called explanation he left with the public, believing that they were quite competent to form a right judgment on the situa- tion. (Applause.) At the present moment it was certain that Lord Rosebery was on one side of the fence and Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman cn the other—(hear, hear)—and yet during the p-aet, few weeks a great deal had been heard from Liberal platforms of a supposed grave split in t he Unionist Government. He declined to believe there was any foundation for such an allegHion. (Hear, hear.) On the great national questions a. party must march along a. broad avenue, and t could hardly be expected that all the individual? comprising the party would keep in step. There must, necessarily, be slight differences of pace between those Who were on the right and- those who were on the left. A COMPREHENSIVE SCHEME. At the present time the Unionist party had laid before it the proposals of its leader, to whom he adhered, Mr. Balfour. (Applause.) The Prime Minister had all through been consistent in ad- vocating a change in the tariff systeni ci this oountry by way of Retaliation. Then there were the proposals of Mr. Chamberlain, which to his (the speaker's) mind combined a better and a more comprehensive scheme. (Applaue.) On the question of convening a free conference be- tween the representatives of the Mother Cc-urhy and her Colonies Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamber- lain were agreed. Personally, he was loyal to Mr. Balfour, but he thoroughly believed that the great principles which Mr. Chamberlain had brought forward were best calculated to advan'je tho prosperity of this country and of the Empire. (Applause.) He denied that he was a Protec- tionist or that he was in favour of taxing the food of the. people. (Hear, hear.) The latest returns of the Board of Trade shewed conclusively that the effect of the preferential benefit given to the Mother Country by three of OUT great Colonies had been to enormously increase the export, of British manufactured goods to those Cokriep. (Applause.) The natural question which arose was, could this sort of thing be reasonably ex- pected to continue unless something was given to the Colonies in return. (Applause.) Mr. C. H. M. Wharton, in a well-argued speech, exposed the fallacies of our present free import- system, and Mr. J. W. J. Gremlyn (UnicniEt candidate for Anglesey) revewed the meararrs which had been enacted by the present Govern- ment. Votes of thanks to the speakers were cordially adopted.
IRELAND AND HOME RULE. +-- H_- Mr. John Redmond, speaking atWatcrfoid un Fri- day night, declared that Home Rule was still in the forefront, and appealed to the great National Con- vention which assembles next week to give a unanimous declaration in favour of unity. It would be criminal for anyone to make himsslf responsible for the smallest dissension in the National ranks. Mr. Redmond did not deal with Lovd Robbery's or Sir Henry Campbell-BiHin-nmiiis rwent declarations.
ARMY AND VOLUNTEERS. -c-- CHESHIRE ARTILLERY.-Tn the Volunteer Royal Garrison Arfiilerv, 1st Cheshire: M. I. Williams-El!is, gent., on Tuesday was gazetted second lieutenant. DENBIGHSHIRE HUSSARS In the Imperial Yeomanry, Denbighshire (Hussars i, Capt. (Bt. Maj. Retired PRy) W. A. C Cockhurn on Tuesday was seconded for service under the Colonial Office. CHESHIRE REGIMENT.—Among the "Militia, Yeomanry. University, and Colonial" candidates, who passed the competitive and qualifying examina- tions in September last, to be .seuond lieutenants, the following was gazetted on Tne?u:«y Cheshire Regiment: Lieut C. A. K. Matters-™, from 3rd Batt.. in soccossion to Lieut. H. ..Turner, prQ-, motcd.
LOCAL RELIEF WORKS. THE POOR LAW COMMISSION. Tho King has been pleased to approve the appointment of a Royal Commission to inquire — (1) Into the working of the laws relating to the relief of poor persons in the United Kingdom (2) into the various means which have been adopted outside of the poor law for meeting distress arising from want of emplol r-ent. particularly during the periods of severe industrial depression, and to con- sider and report whether any, and if so what, modification of the poor laws or changes in their administration or fresh legislation fnr deiljnrT with distress are available. The Commissi, mors will be Lord George Hamilton, M.P. (chairman), the Right Hon. the O'Connor Don, Sir H. A. Robinson (vice-president of the Local Government. Board for Ireland). the Right Hon. Charles Booth, Sir Samuel Provis (secretary to the Local Government Board for England), Mr. F. H Bantham, Dr. A. Downes, the Rev. T. Gage Gardiner, Mr. Geo' Lansburv, Mr. C. S. Loch. Mr. Patten MaeDougall (vice-president, Local Government Board for Scotland), Mr. T. Hancock Nunn, the Rev. L. R. Phelps, Professor William Smart, the Rev. W Russell Wakefield, Mrs. Bernard Bosan- quet, Mrs. Sidney Webb, and Miss Occavia Hill. Mr. K. H. A. G. Duff, of the Local Government Government Board, has been appointed secre- tary.
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t -n_ to be removed by that blessed word "devc:i<- t.on." (Laughter.) Never had a great- political party appealed for the confidence of the country upon a programme so sterile and with forces so d-vided. He meant to fight this battle on principle. He was happy in having as his opponent a fellow-countryman of such high character and so universally respected as Mr. Herbert Lewis, and their contest would be none r.he less keen because it was courteous. In conclusion Mr. Edwards said that his home had been for the greater part of his life in Flintshire, but he came before them with r. rle. of those claims which naturally commanded attention and influence. He was simply one of the people, a Welshman, the son of a Wdsh workingman, and his greatest desire and ;.rü- bition was to promote, however humbly, the interests of Wales and Welshmen. It because he firmly believed that this could only be safely and permanently effected by .he Unionist party that he asked for their exordial, resolute, and undivided support. ;L-c-ud applause.)