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--------------ELLESMERE PORT'S…


ELLESMERE PORT'S DEVELOPMENT. ANOTHER NEW INDUSTRY. Ellesmerc Port is rapidly developing into a most important industrial centre, due largely to its iavourable water and rail advantages. With the sharpening of competition in most trades, many manufacturers have been searching for localities offcr,i-ig tno greatest facilities for im- porting and exporting. Eliesmere Port has many t-hiugs to recommend it in this respect, and it is not- surprising that of late years the place ha-s b&cll receiving much attention from firms who are bent extensions of works. Not all t..e ruin ours 01 new industries have come true; but some have, and it is impossible to estimate 1:;JO' inautitnai fUTUTG oi tins' growing district. Tup latest additioai to the tam.or.es is the imperial fiour -dills, which are to be opened week, 'llle new mills am an imposing structure and occupy a s" Lu at iiillesmere l'on on the Man- chesier bÚiP (Janai, aoout three llLks trorn the entrance locks at iiia £ tnam. We gather that the Bii.opsiiire (Jirion ivaiivvays and Canal Company have cut a canal to connect its waterways with the new imperial Mills. This new canal also ahords a. ten-toot deep water oomnmn.cauon wicn tiie Snip Canal, as well as With hie Shropshire Union- Canal Company s hne grain elevator and tub granary at iuiesmore Port. Ocean steamers carrying b,uuU tons come -alongside tais silo, and. therr cargoes can be transtcrivd to the store or to ligjueis ior moving to the mills, which, are only about 200 yards off, thus ensuring cheap transit. The Shropshire Union Canal also aftorci-s a very cheap means oi reaching the many larg-J towns it connects up with Eiieemei-e Port. A railway connecting with all the mam s-ytems has been made at considerable expense, and brought alongside the mill, thereby pioviding means ior easy despatch oi the mill products. 'Ihe work of erecting the mills was entrusted1 with satis- factory result to Mesers. Luther and Co., of Brunswick. Mr. John Clark, F.R.I.B., was the arcnirect. The official description- says:—A bettor arranged set of buildings could hardly be oonceived. Ti.ey are well adapted to the macninery which has been placed in them, and are enabled to be worked with the greatest ownomy as regards tho handling of the raw material and the distribution of the products. The buildings form a handsome block, and com- prise reoeiving-houso, with ship elevator, silo granary, wheat cleaning house, mill, engine room, boiler house, and warehouse for the finished products', and the whole have been so arranged as to accommodate two complete milling plants capable of producing about 50 sacks of flour per hour, although for the present only one plant has been installed- Extra space has also been provided in the engine house for another engine to duplicate, or even to triple, the power, when needed. The following is a brief description of the first plant which has just been successfully put in operation. The power is generated by a "Tinker" boiler, 32ft. long by 8ft. diameter, the feed water being taken from the canal and heated by a Green's eoonomissr to boiling point before entering the boilers. The main engine is of the compound tandem type, and was built by t,he well-known firm, Messrs. Yate.s and Thom, of Blackburn, and is of the latest and' most up- to-date type. The fly-wheel has grooves for seven ropes, and these pass into the rope-race under- nea,th the tower and transmit the power to the several main shafts which drive the machinery in the various sections of the buildings. Thetp is also an auxiliary engine, by Marshalls, for driving the dynamos for lighting purposes. Overhanging the canal is the 50 ton per hour elevator for discharging lighters and small sailing ships. This delivers the wheat to two preliminary separators after it has been automatically weighed. It is then elevated to the top of too silo granary, which has a total capacity of 50,000 bushels. The bins are fed and emptied by band conveyors, and each has its mixer so that any desired blend can be made and passed to thie cleaning plant. The wheat-cleaning department has four floors, and contains all the necessary machines for washing, scouring and brushing, etc., the grain. The milling section consists of five floors. The height of the first, or ground, floor, is 16ft., and contains the elevator bottoms and two lines of shafting for driving the roller mills on the floor above. The second floor, which is a picture of the engineer's skill, carries two lines of "Luther" roller mills on one side of the building, the elevators being placed along the ccntre line. When the clean wheat first enters the mill it is weighed on automatic scales and passes to the break rolls, of which there are four double mills. The reduction of the granular bye-products made by the breaking Tolls is done on eight double smooth rolls, and two pairs of Wegmann's porcelain rolls. All the bearings have automatic ring lubrication, and ingenious alarm bel1 arc provided to call tho attention of operatives in, case the feed i reduced by acci- dent. There. is also an automatic dcviae for throwing the grinding rolls apart when the feed abases to run. All these mills are arranged1 in sequence and each performs its share of the work of gradual reduction. The purification of the granular bye-products made by the breaking mills is done on the fourth storey, the third being re- served for dust collectors. There are also two 'wheat heaters to temper the graded whoaitg going to the first break, and the chop goi'ng to the second and third break rolls passes through gravity purifiers in order to extract any offal made in the previous breakings. Both these devices tend to make the flour purer and of a brighter appearance. There are nine of Higginbottom's air belt purifiers on the fourth floor, and three of Luther's new "Brilliant" purifiers. All these machines arc exhausted into a dust collector, which keeps the air in the room cool and sweet, greatly assisting the purification. The dressing is all done on "Luther" plansifters, which are located on the top floor, in two lines. It is prob- ably the first mill in this country to be fitted as a complete plansifter mill. The rotary oscil- lations of these sifters are short and quick and, as a consequence, they cause a rapid but gentle sifting action. They produce flour of remarkable bloom and purity, and the dunsts from them are so clean that they may be sent to rolls direct without passing through purifiers. Each pair of sieve sets is doubly balanced and can be turned easily with one hand. All the pro- ducts of the mill are packed in a warehouse ad- joining, which has 110ft. by 24ft. of floor space. The sacked goods can be loaded into vessels on one s de of the warehouse or into railway trucks all the. other. In a corner of the basement of the mill there is a test bakery, fully equipped with an electrio oven by Messrs. Christy Bros. and M'ddleton, of Oholmsford, and all tha neces- sary baking utensils. There is also a set of offices and properly-fitted lavatories; a.nd the whole of the premises arc brilliantly lighttod by over 200 electric lamps. The company formed by Mr. Stephen Walley (whoso Waverton Mills were burned down in 1903) to carry on the busi- ness is styled "Imperial Flour Mills, Ltd. and that gentleman is managing director, while Mr. Douglas Sanday also is a director..


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